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authorhpa <hpa>2004-12-20 00:15:37 +0000
committerhpa <hpa>2004-12-20 00:15:37 +0000
commit24e644726fb0fea76bb6db2f25f5343b257e950c (patch)
treec06fe1f4da76fe6f1950a6fba2ff091b43d5c6e8 /extlinux
parent914fe1ed468df8c08cf321f829349cff4ea9066f (diff)
downloadsyslinux-elf-24e644726fb0fea76bb6db2f25f5343b257e950c.tar.gz
syslinux-elf-24e644726fb0fea76bb6db2f25f5343b257e950c.tar.xz
syslinux-elf-24e644726fb0fea76bb6db2f25f5343b257e950c.zip
extlinux installer.
Diffstat (limited to 'extlinux')
-rw-r--r--extlinux/Makefile40
-rw-r--r--extlinux/extlinux.c547
2 files changed, 587 insertions, 0 deletions
diff --git a/extlinux/Makefile b/extlinux/Makefile
new file mode 100644
index 00000000..3358f5af
--- /dev/null
+++ b/extlinux/Makefile
@@ -0,0 +1,40 @@
+CC = gcc
+OPTFLAGS = -g -Os
+INCLUDES = -I. -I.. -I../libfat
+CFLAGS = -W -Wall -Wno-sign-compare -D_FILE_OFFSET_BITS=64 $(OPTFLAGS) $(INCLUDES)
+LDFLAGS = -s
+
+SRCS = extlinux.c ../extlinux_bss_bin.c ../extlinux_sys_bin.c
+OBJS = $(patsubst %.c,%.o,$(notdir $(SRCS)))
+
+.SUFFIXES: .c .o .i .s .S
+
+VPATH = .:..
+
+all: installer
+
+tidy:
+ -rm -f *.o *.i *.s *.a .*.d
+
+clean: tidy
+ -rm -f extlinux
+
+spotless: clean
+ -rm -f *~
+
+installer: extlinux
+
+extlinux: $(OBJS)
+ $(CC) $(LDFLAGS) -o $@ $^
+
+%.o: %.c
+ $(CC) -Wp,-MT,$@,-MMD,.$@.d $(CFLAGS) -c -o $@ $<
+%.i: %.c
+ $(CC) $(CFLAGS) -E -o $@ $<
+%.s: %.c
+ $(CC) $(CFLAGS) -S -o $@ $<
+
+-include .*.d
+
+
+
diff --git a/extlinux/extlinux.c b/extlinux/extlinux.c
new file mode 100644
index 00000000..56641556
--- /dev/null
+++ b/extlinux/extlinux.c
@@ -0,0 +1,547 @@
+#ident "$Id$"
+/* ----------------------------------------------------------------------- *
+ *
+ * Copyright 1998-2004 H. Peter Anvin - All Rights Reserved
+ *
+ * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
+ * it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
+ * the Free Software Foundation, Inc., 53 Temple Place Ste 330,
+ * Boston MA 02111-1307, USA; either version 2 of the License, or
+ * (at your option) any later version; incorporated herein by reference.
+ *
+ * ----------------------------------------------------------------------- */
+
+/*
+ * extlinux.c
+ *
+ * Install the extlinux boot block on an ext2/3 filesystem
+ */
+
+#define _GNU_SOURCE /* Enable everything */
+#include <alloca.h>
+#include <errno.h>
+#include <fcntl.h>
+#include <stdio.h>
+#include <unistd.h>
+#include <mntent.h>
+#include <stdlib.h>
+#include <string.h>
+#include <inttypes.h>
+#include <sys/ioctl.h>
+#include <sys/stat.h>
+#include <sys/types.h>
+
+#include <linux/ext2_fs.h>
+#include <linux/fd.h> /* Floppy geometry */
+#include <linux/hdreg.h> /* Hard disk geometry */
+#include <linux/fs.h> /* FIGETBSZ, FIBMAP */
+
+#define LDLINUX_MAGIC 0x3eb202fe
+
+enum bs_offsets {
+ bsJump = 0x00,
+ bsOemName = 0x03,
+ bsBytesPerSec = 0x0b,
+ bsSecPerClust = 0x0d,
+ bsResSectors = 0x0e,
+ bsFATs = 0x10,
+ bsRootDirEnts = 0x11,
+ bsSectors = 0x13,
+ bsMedia = 0x15,
+ bsFATsecs = 0x16,
+ bsSecPerTrack = 0x18,
+ bsHeads = 0x1a,
+ bsHiddenSecs = 0x1c,
+ bsHugeSectors = 0x20,
+
+ /* FAT12/16 only */
+ bs16DriveNumber = 0x24,
+ bs16Reserved1 = 0x25,
+ bs16BootSignature = 0x26,
+ bs16VolumeID = 0x27,
+ bs16VolumeLabel = 0x2b,
+ bs16FileSysType = 0x36,
+ bs16Code = 0x3e,
+
+ /* FAT32 only */
+ bs32FATSz32 = 36,
+ bs32ExtFlags = 40,
+ bs32FSVer = 42,
+ bs32RootClus = 44,
+ bs32FSInfo = 48,
+ bs32BkBootSec = 50,
+ bs32Reserved = 52,
+ bs32DriveNumber = 64,
+ bs32Reserved1 = 65,
+ bs32BootSignature = 66,
+ bs32VolumeID = 67,
+ bs32VolumeLabel = 71,
+ bs32FileSysType = 82,
+ bs32Code = 90,
+
+ bsSignature = 0x1fe
+};
+
+#define bsHead bsJump
+#define bsHeadLen (bsOemName-bsHead)
+#define bsCode bs32Code /* The common safe choice */
+#define bsCodeLen (bsSignature-bs32Code)
+
+/*
+ * Access functions for littleendian numbers, possibly misaligned.
+ */
+static inline uint8_t get_8(const unsigned char *p)
+{
+ return *(const uint8_t *)p;
+}
+
+static inline uint16_t get_16(const unsigned char *p)
+{
+#if defined(__i386__) || defined(__x86_64__)
+ /* Littleendian and unaligned-capable */
+ return *(const uint16_t *)p;
+#else
+ return (uint16_t)p[0] + ((uint16_t)p[1] << 8);
+#endif
+}
+
+static inline uint32_t get_32(const unsigned char *p)
+{
+#if defined(__i386__) || defined(__x86_64__)
+ /* Littleendian and unaligned-capable */
+ return *(const uint32_t *)p;
+#else
+ return (uint32_t)p[0] + ((uint32_t)p[1] << 8) +
+ ((uint32_t)p[2] << 16) + ((uint32_t)p[3] << 24);
+#endif
+}
+
+static inline void set_16(unsigned char *p, uint16_t v)
+{
+#if defined(__i386__) || defined(__x86_64__)
+ /* Littleendian and unaligned-capable */
+ *(uint16_t *)p = v;
+#else
+ p[0] = (v & 0xff);
+ p[1] = ((v >> 8) & 0xff);
+#endif
+}
+
+static inline void set_32(unsigned char *p, uint32_t v)
+{
+#if defined(__i386__) || defined(__x86_64__)
+ /* Littleendian and unaligned-capable */
+ *(uint32_t *)p = v;
+#else
+ p[0] = (v & 0xff);
+ p[1] = ((v >> 8) & 0xff);
+ p[2] = ((v >> 16) & 0xff);
+ p[3] = ((v >> 24) & 0xff);
+#endif
+}
+
+#ifndef EXT2_SUPER_OFFSET
+#define EXT2_SUPER_OFFSET 1024
+#endif
+
+#define SECTOR_SHIFT 9 /* 512-byte sectors */
+#define SECTOR_SIZE (1 << SECTOR_SHIFT)
+
+const char *program;
+
+/*
+ * Boot block
+ */
+extern unsigned char extlinux_bootsect[];
+extern unsigned int extlinux_bootsect_len;
+#define boot_block extlinux_bootsect
+#define boot_block_len extlinux_bootsect_len
+
+/*
+ * Image file
+ */
+extern unsigned char extlinux_image[];
+extern unsigned int extlinux_image_len;
+#define boot_image extlinux_image
+#define boot_image_len extlinux_image_len
+
+/*
+ * Common abort function
+ */
+void __attribute__((noreturn)) die(const char *msg)
+{
+ fputs(msg, stderr);
+ exit(1);
+}
+
+/*
+ * pread() and pwrite() augmented with retry on short access or EINTR.
+ */
+ssize_t xpread(int fd, void *buf, size_t count, off_t offset)
+{
+ ssize_t rv;
+ ssize_t done = 0;
+
+ while ( count ) {
+ rv = pread(fd, buf, count, offset);
+ if ( rv == 0 ) {
+ die("short read");
+ } else if ( rv == -1 ) {
+ if ( errno == EINTR ) {
+ continue;
+ } else {
+ perror(program);
+ exit(1);
+ }
+ } else {
+ offset += rv;
+ done += rv;
+ count -= rv;
+ }
+ }
+
+ return done;
+}
+
+ssize_t xpwrite(int fd, void *buf, size_t count, off_t offset)
+{
+ ssize_t rv;
+ ssize_t done = 0;
+
+ while ( count ) {
+ rv = pwrite(fd, buf, count, offset);
+ if ( rv == 0 ) {
+ die("short write");
+ } else if ( rv == -1 ) {
+ if ( errno == EINTR ) {
+ continue;
+ } else {
+ perror(program);
+ exit(1);
+ }
+ } else {
+ offset += rv;
+ done += rv;
+ count -= rv;
+ }
+ }
+
+ return done;
+}
+
+/*
+ * Produce file map
+ */
+int
+sectmap(int fd, uint32_t *sectors, int nsectors)
+{
+ unsigned int blksize, blk, nblk;
+ unsigned int i;
+
+ /* Get block size */
+ if ( ioctl(fd, FIGETBSZ, &blksize) )
+ return -1;
+
+ /* Number of sectors per block */
+ blksize >>= SECTOR_SHIFT;
+
+ nblk = 0;
+ while ( nsectors ) {
+
+ blk = nblk++;
+ printf("querying block %u\n", blk);
+ if ( ioctl(fd, FIBMAP, &blk) )
+ return -1;
+
+ blk *= blksize;
+ for ( i = 0 ; i < blksize ; i++ ) {
+ if ( !nsectors )
+ return 0;
+
+ printf("Sector: %10u\n", blk);
+ *sectors++ = blk++;
+ nsectors--;
+ }
+ }
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+/*
+ * Query the device geometry and put it into the boot sector.
+ * Map the file and put the map in the boot sector and file.
+ * Stick the "current directory" inode number into the file.
+ */
+void
+patch_file_and_bootblock(int fd, int dirfd)
+{
+ struct stat dirst;
+ struct hd_geometry hd_geo;
+ struct floppy_struct fd_str;
+ uint16_t heads, cylinders;
+ uint32_t sectors, offset;
+ uint32_t *sectp;
+ int nsect;
+ unsigned char *p, *patcharea;
+ int i, dw;
+ uint32_t csum;
+
+ if ( ioctl(fd, HDIO_GETGEO, &hd_geo) == 0 ) {
+ heads = hd_geo.heads;
+ sectors = hd_geo.sectors;
+ cylinders = hd_geo.cylinders;
+ offset = hd_geo.start;
+ } else if ( ioctl(fd, FDGETPRM, &fd_str) == 0 ) {
+ heads = fd_str.head;
+ sectors = fd_str.sect;
+ cylinders = fd_str.track;
+ offset = 0;
+ } else {
+ fprintf(stderr, "Warning: unable to obtain device geometry (may or may not work)\n");
+ heads = sectors = cylinders = offset = 0;
+ }
+
+ if ( fstat(dirfd, &dirst) ) {
+ perror("fstat dirfd");
+ exit(255); /* This should never happen */
+ }
+
+ /* Patch this into a fake FAT superblock. This isn't because
+ FAT is a good format in any way, it's because it lets the
+ early bootstrap share code with the FAT version. */
+ printf("cyl = %u, heads = %u, sect = %u\n", cylinders, heads, sectors);
+
+ set_16(boot_block+bsBytesPerSec, 512);
+ set_16(boot_block+bsSecPerTrack, sectors);
+ set_16(boot_block+bsHeads, heads);
+ set_32(boot_block+bsHiddenSecs, offset);
+
+ /* Construct the boot file */
+
+ printf("directory inode = %lu\n", (unsigned long) dirst.st_ino);
+ nsect = (boot_image_len+SECTOR_SIZE-1) >> SECTOR_SHIFT;
+ sectp = alloca(sizeof(uint32_t)*nsect);
+ if ( sectmap(fd, sectp, nsect) ) {
+ perror("bmap");
+ exit(1);
+ }
+
+ /* First sector need pointer in boot sector */
+ set_32(boot_block+0x1F8, *sectp++);
+ nsect--;
+
+ /* Search for LDLINUX_MAGIC to find the patch area */
+ for ( p = boot_image ; get_32(p) != LDLINUX_MAGIC ; p += 4 );
+ patcharea = p+8;
+
+ /* Set up the totals */
+ dw = boot_image_len >> 2; /* COMPLETE dwords! */
+ set_16(patcharea, dw);
+ set_16(patcharea+2, nsect); /* Does not include the first sector! */
+ set_32(patcharea+8, dirst.st_ino); /* "Current" directory */
+
+ /* Set the sector pointers */
+ p = patcharea+12;
+
+ memset(p, 0, 64*4);
+ while ( nsect-- ) {
+ set_32(p, *sectp++);
+ p += 4;
+ }
+
+ /* Now produce a checksum */
+ set_32(patcharea+4, 0);
+
+ csum = LDLINUX_MAGIC;
+ for ( i = 0, p = boot_image ; i < dw ; i++, p += 4 )
+ csum -= get_32(p); /* Negative checksum */
+
+ set_32(patcharea+4, csum);
+}
+
+/*
+ * Install the boot block on the specified device.
+ * Must be run AFTER install_file()!
+ */
+int
+install_bootblock(int fd, char *device)
+{
+ struct ext2_super_block sb;
+
+ if ( xpread(fd, &sb, sizeof sb, EXT2_SUPER_OFFSET) != sizeof sb ) {
+ perror("reading superblock");
+ return 1;
+ }
+
+ if ( sb.s_magic != EXT2_SUPER_MAGIC ) {
+ fprintf(stderr, "no ext2/ext3 superblock found on %s\n", device);
+ return 1;
+ }
+
+ if ( xpwrite(fd, boot_block, boot_block_len, 0) != boot_block_len ) {
+ perror("writing bootblock");
+ return 1;
+ }
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+int
+install_file(char *path, struct stat *rst)
+{
+ char *file;
+ int fd = -1, dirfd = -1, flags;
+ struct stat st;
+
+ asprintf(&file, "%s%sextlinux.sys",
+ path,
+ path[0] && path[strlen(path)-1] == '/' ? "" : "/");
+ if ( !file ) {
+ perror(program);
+ return 1;
+ }
+
+ dirfd = open(path, O_RDONLY|O_DIRECTORY);
+ if ( dirfd < 0 ) {
+ perror(path);
+ goto bail;
+ }
+
+ fd = open(file, O_RDONLY);
+ if ( fd < 0 ) {
+ if ( errno != ENOENT ) {
+ perror(file);
+ goto bail;
+ }
+ } else {
+ /* If file exist, remove the immutable flag and set u+w mode */
+ if ( !ioctl(fd, EXT2_IOC_GETFLAGS, &flags) ) {
+ flags &= ~EXT2_IMMUTABLE_FL;
+ ioctl(fd, EXT2_IOC_SETFLAGS, &flags);
+ }
+ if ( !fstat(fd, &st) ) {
+ fchmod(fd, st.st_mode | S_IWUSR);
+ }
+ }
+ close(fd);
+
+ fd = open(file, O_WRONLY|O_TRUNC|O_CREAT, S_IRUSR|S_IRGRP|S_IROTH);
+ if ( fd < 0 ) {
+ perror(file);
+ goto bail;
+ }
+
+ /* Write it the first time */
+ if ( xpwrite(fd, boot_image, boot_image_len, 0) != boot_image_len ) {
+ fprintf(stderr, "%s: write failure on %s\n", program, file);
+ goto bail;
+ }
+
+ /* Map the file, and patch the initial sector accordingly */
+ patch_file_and_bootblock(fd, dirfd);
+ patch_file_and_bootblock(fd, dirfd);
+
+ /* Write it again - this relies on the file being overwritten in place! */
+ if ( xpwrite(fd, boot_image, boot_image_len, 0) != boot_image_len ) {
+ fprintf(stderr, "%s: write failure on %s\n", program, file);
+ goto bail;
+ }
+
+ /* Attempt to set immutable flag and remove all write access */
+ /* Only set immutable flag if file is owned by root */
+ if ( !fstat(fd, &st) ) {
+ fchmod(fd, st.st_mode & (S_IRUSR|S_IRGRP|S_IROTH));
+ if ( st.st_uid == 0 && !ioctl(fd, EXT2_IOC_GETFLAGS, &flags) ) {
+ flags |= EXT2_IMMUTABLE_FL;
+ ioctl(fd, EXT2_IOC_SETFLAGS, &flags);
+ }
+ }
+
+ if ( fstat(fd, rst) ) {
+ perror(file);
+ goto bail;
+ }
+
+ close(dirfd);
+ close(fd);
+ return 0;
+
+ bail:
+ if ( dirfd >= 0 )
+ close(dirfd);
+ if ( fd >= 0 )
+ close(fd);
+
+ return 1;
+}
+
+int
+install_loader(char *path)
+{
+ struct stat st, dst, fst;
+ struct mntent *mnt;
+ int devfd, rv;
+ FILE *mtab;
+
+ if ( stat(path, &st) || !S_ISDIR(st.st_mode) ) {
+ fprintf(stderr, "%s: Not a directory: %s\n", program, path);
+ return 1;
+ }
+
+ if ( !(mtab = setmntent("/etc/mtab", "r")) ) {
+ fprintf(stderr, "%s: cannot open /etc/mtab\n", program);
+ return 1;
+ }
+
+ devfd = -1;
+ while ( (mnt = getmntent(mtab)) ) {
+ if ( (!strcmp(mnt->mnt_type, "ext2") ||
+ !strcmp(mnt->mnt_type, "ext3")) &&
+ !stat(mnt->mnt_fsname, &dst) &&
+ dst.st_rdev == st.st_dev ) {
+ fprintf(stderr, "%s is device %s\n", path, mnt->mnt_fsname);
+ if ( (devfd = open(mnt->mnt_fsname, O_RDWR|O_SYNC)) < 0 ) {
+ fprintf(stderr, "%s: cannot open device %s\n", program, mnt->mnt_fsname);
+ return 1;
+ }
+ break;
+ }
+ }
+
+ if ( devfd < 0 ) {
+ fprintf(stderr, "%s: cannot find device for path %s", program, path);
+ return 1;
+ }
+
+ install_file(path, &fst);
+
+ if ( fst.st_dev != st.st_dev ) {
+ fprintf(stderr, "%s: file system changed under us - aborting!\n",
+ program);
+ return 1;
+ }
+
+ sync();
+ rv = install_bootblock(devfd, mnt->mnt_fsname);
+ close(devfd);
+ sync();
+
+ endmntent(mtab);
+
+ if ( rv ) return rv;
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+int
+main(int argc, char *argv[])
+{
+ program = argv[0];
+
+ if ( argc != 2 ) {
+ fprintf(stderr, "Usage: %s directory\n", program);
+ exit(1);
+ }
+
+ return install_loader(argv[1]);
+}