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path: root/util/cbfstool/cbfs-mkstage.c
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/*
 * cbfs-mkstage
 *
 * Copyright (C) 2008 Jordan Crouse <jordan@cosmicpenguin.net>
 *               2009 coresystems GmbH
 *                 written by Patrick Georgi <patrick.georgi@coresystems.de>
 * Copyright (C) 2012 Google, Inc.
 *
 * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
 * it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
 * the Free Software Foundation; version 2 of the License.
 *
 * This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
 * but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
 * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the
 * GNU General Public License for more details.
 *
 * You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
 * along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software
 * Foundation, Inc., 51 Franklin St, Fifth Floor, Boston, MA, 02110-1301 USA
 */

#include <stdio.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <string.h>

#include "elfparsing.h"
#include "common.h"
#include "cbfs.h"

/* returns size of result, or -1 if error.
 * Note that, with the new code, this function
 * works for all elf files, not just the restricted set.
 */
int parse_elf_to_stage(const struct buffer *input, struct buffer *output,
		       uint32_t arch, comp_algo algo, uint32_t *location)
{
	Elf64_Phdr *phdr;
	Elf64_Ehdr ehdr;
	char *buffer;
	struct buffer outheader;

	int headers;
	int i, outlen;
	uint32_t data_start, data_end, mem_end;

	comp_func_ptr compress = compression_function(algo);
	if (!compress)
		return -1;

	DEBUG("start: parse_elf_to_stage(location=0x%x)\n", *location);

	if (elf_headers(input, arch, &ehdr, &phdr, NULL) < 0)
		return -1;

	headers = ehdr.e_phnum;

	data_start = ~0;
	data_end = 0;
	mem_end = 0;

	for (i = 0; i < headers; i++) {
		unsigned int start, mend, rend;

		if (phdr[i].p_type != PT_LOAD)
			continue;

		/* Empty segments are never interesting */
		if (phdr[i].p_memsz == 0)
			continue;

		/* BSS */

		start = phdr[i].p_paddr;

		mend = start + phdr[i].p_memsz;
		rend = start + phdr[i].p_filesz;

		if (start < data_start)
			data_start = start;

		if (rend > data_end)
			data_end = rend;

		if (mend > mem_end)
			mem_end = mend;
	}

	if (data_start < *location) {
		data_start = *location;
	}

	if (data_end <= data_start) {
		ERROR("data ends (%08lx) before it starts (%08lx). Make sure "
		      "the ELF file is correct and resides in ROM space.\n",
		      (unsigned long)data_end, (unsigned long)data_start);
		exit(1);
	}

	/* allocate an intermediate buffer for the data */
	buffer = calloc(data_end - data_start, 1);

	if (buffer == NULL) {
		ERROR("Unable to allocate memory: %m\n");
		return -1;
	}

	/* Copy the file data into the buffer */

	for (i = 0; i < headers; i++) {
		unsigned int l_start, l_offset = 0;

		if (phdr[i].p_type != PT_LOAD)
			continue;

		if (phdr[i].p_memsz == 0)
			continue;

		l_start = phdr[i].p_paddr;
		if (l_start < *location) {
			l_offset = *location - l_start;
			l_start = *location;
		}

		/* A legal ELF file can have a program header with
		 * non-zero length but zero-length file size and a
		 * non-zero offset which, added together, are > than
		 * input->size (i.e. the total file size).  So we need
		 * to not even test in the case that p_filesz is zero.
		 */
		if (! phdr[i].p_filesz)
			continue;
		if (input->size < (phdr[i].p_offset + phdr[i].p_filesz)){
			ERROR("Underflow copying out the segment."
			      "File has %ld bytes left, segment end is %ld\n",
			      input->size, phdr[i].p_offset + phdr[i].p_filesz);
			return -1;
		}
		memcpy(buffer + (l_start - data_start),
		       &input->data[phdr[i].p_offset + l_offset],
		       phdr[i].p_filesz - l_offset);
	}

	/* Now make the output buffer */
	if (buffer_create(output, sizeof(struct cbfs_stage) + data_end - data_start,
			  input->name) != 0) {
		ERROR("Unable to allocate memory: %m\n");
		free(buffer);
		return -1;
	}
	memset(output->data, 0, output->size);

	/* Compress the data, at which point we'll know information
	 * to fill out the header. This seems backward but it works because
	 * - the output header is a known size (not always true in many xdr's)
	 * - we do need to know the compressed output size first
	 */
	compress(buffer, data_end - data_start,
		 (output->data + sizeof(struct cbfs_stage)),
		 &outlen);
	free(buffer);

	/* Set up for output marshaling. */
	outheader.data = output->data;
	outheader.size = 0;
	/* N.B. The original plan was that SELF data was B.E.
	 * but: this is all L.E.
	 * Maybe we should just change the spec.
	 */
	xdr_le.put32(&outheader, algo);
	xdr_le.put64(&outheader, ehdr.e_entry);
	xdr_le.put64(&outheader, data_start);
	xdr_le.put32(&outheader, outlen);
	xdr_le.put32(&outheader, mem_end - data_start);

	if (*location)
		*location -= sizeof(struct cbfs_stage);
	output->size = sizeof(struct cbfs_stage) + outlen;
	return 0;
}