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-rw-r--r--documentation/Kconfig.tex4
-rw-r--r--documentation/LinuxBIOS-AMD64.tex194
-rw-r--r--documentation/Makefile2
-rw-r--r--documentation/RFC/chip.tex154
-rw-r--r--documentation/RFC/config.tex62
-rw-r--r--documentation/cbfs.txt94
-rw-r--r--documentation/codeflow.svg14
7 files changed, 262 insertions, 262 deletions
 diff --git a/documentation/Kconfig.tex b/documentation/Kconfig.texindex a21e7f243..7254c5a5d 100644--- a/documentation/Kconfig.tex+++ b/documentation/Kconfig.tex@@ -120,7 +120,7 @@ $(obj)/ssdt3.c:$(src)/mainboard/$(MAINBOARDDIR)/dx/pci3.asl" iasl -p$(CURDIR)/pci3 -tc $(CONFIG_MAINBOARD)/ perl -pi -e 's/AmlCode/AmlCode_ssdt3/g' pci3.hex mv pci3.hex ssdt3.c- +$(obj)/ssdt4.c: $(src)/mainboard/$(MAINBOARDDIR)/dx/pci4.asl" iasl -p $(CURDIR)/pci4 -tc$(CONFIG_MAINBOARD)/dx/pci4.asl perl -pi -e 's/AmlCode/AmlCode_ssdt4/g' pci4.hex@@ -470,7 +470,7 @@ we don't need to test for the chipset CONFIG variable. We can therefore test other variables (which is part of the reason we set up conditional inclusion of this file, instead of unconditionally including it). Here is an example from AMD 8111.-No conditionals in this one yet. +No conditionals in this one yet. \begin{verbatim} driver-y += amd8111.o driver-y += amd8111_usb.odiff --git a/documentation/LinuxBIOS-AMD64.tex b/documentation/LinuxBIOS-AMD64.texindex c5fa8bf53..2ee057e42 100644--- a/documentation/LinuxBIOS-AMD64.tex+++ b/documentation/LinuxBIOS-AMD64.tex@@ -1,7 +1,7 @@ % % This document is released under the GPL % Initially written by Stefan Reinauer, -% +% \documentclass[titlepage,12pt]{article} \usepackage{a4}@@ -38,7 +38,7 @@ \maketitle -\thispagestyle{empty} +\thispagestyle{empty} \tableofcontents @@ -67,7 +67,7 @@ find errors in the following descriptions, contact \item 2009/04/19 replace LinuxBIOS with coreboot \item 2004/06/02 url and language fixes from Ken Fuchs $<$kfuchs@winternet.com$>$ \item 2004/02/10 acpi and option rom updates- \item 2003/11/18 initial release + \item 2003/11/18 initial release \end{itemize} @@ -78,7 +78,7 @@ find errors in the following descriptions, contact \section{What is coreboot?} -coreboot aims to replace the normal BIOS found on x86, AMD64, PPC, +coreboot aims to replace the normal BIOS found on x86, AMD64, PPC, Alpha, and other machines with a Linux kernel that can boot Linux from a cold start. The startup code of an average coreboot port is about 500 lines of assembly and 5000 lines of C. It executes 16 instructions to get into 32bit@@ -131,7 +131,7 @@ $cd coreboot You can get the entire source tree via SVN: -{ \small +{ \small \begin{verbatim}$ svn co svn://coreboot.org/repos/trunk/coreboot-v2 \end{verbatim}@@ -151,7 +151,7 @@ is available at \url{http://qa.coreboot.org/}. Due to major structural enhancements to \hbox{coreboot}, AMD64 support is only available in the \texttt{coreboot-v2} tree. This tree reflects (as of November 2003) coreboot version 1.1.5 and will lead to coreboot 2.0-when finished. Most x86 hardware is currently only supported by the +when finished. Most x86 hardware is currently only supported by the coreboot 1.0 tree. %@@ -163,7 +163,7 @@ To support a large variety of existing hardware coreboot allows for a lot of configuration options that can be tweaked in several ways: \begin{itemize}-\item +\item Firmware image specific configuration options can be set in the image configuration file which is usually found in \texttt{coreboot-v2/targets/$<$vendor$>$/$<$mainboard$>$/}. Such@@ -217,7 +217,7 @@ instance for the AMD Solo Athlon64 mainboard enter: This will create a directory containing a Makefile and other software components needed for this build. The directory name is defined in the firmware image specific configuration file. In the case of AMD's Solo-mainboard the default directory resides in +mainboard the default directory resides in \texttt{coreboot-v2/targets/amd/solo/solo}. To build the coreboot image, do \begin{verbatim}@@ -257,7 +257,7 @@ configuration files share some basic rules \begin{itemize} \item The default configuration file name in coreboot is \texttt{Config.lb}.-\item +\item All variables used in a configuration file have to be declared in this file with \texttt{uses VARNAME} before usage. \item@@ -267,13 +267,13 @@ Comments can be added on a new line by using the comment identifier coreboot distinguishes between statements and options. Statements cause the coreboot configuration mechanism to act, whereas options set variables that are used by the build scripts or source code.-\item +\item Default configuration values can be set in the mainboard configuration files (keyword default)-\item +\item Option overrides to the default configuration can only be specified in the build target configuration file-\texttt{coreboot-v2/targets/$<$vendor$>$/$<$mainboard$>$/Config.lb} +\texttt{coreboot-v2/targets/$<$vendor$>$/$<$mainboard$>$/Config.lb} (keyword option) \end{itemize} @@ -290,7 +290,7 @@ used. Example: \end{verbatim} \textbf{NOTE:} Only configuration variables known to the configuration-system can be used in configuration files. coreboot checks +system can be used in configuration files. coreboot checks \texttt{coreboot-v2/src/config/Options.lb} to see whether a configuration variable is known. @@ -298,7 +298,7 @@ variable is known. The \texttt{default} statement is used to set a configuration variable with an overridable default value. It is commonly used in mainboard-configuration files. +configuration files. Example: @@ -320,7 +320,7 @@ Also, simple expressions are allowed: \end{verbatim} If an option contains a string, this string has to be protected with-quotation marks: +quotation marks: \begin{verbatim} default CC="gcc -m32"@@ -400,7 +400,7 @@ option on how to set them. \item \begin{verbatim}CC\end{verbatim} Target C Compiler. Default is \texttt{\$(CROSS\_COMPILE)gcc}. Set to-\texttt{gcc -m32} for compiling AMD64 coreboot images on an AMD64 +\texttt{gcc -m32} for compiling AMD64 coreboot images on an AMD64 machine. \item \begin{verbatim}CONFIG_CHIP_CONFIGURE \end{verbatim}@@ -415,7 +415,7 @@ Errors or log messages up to this level can be printed. Default is \item \begin{verbatim}CONFIG_DEFAULT_CONSOLE_LOGLEVEL\end{verbatim} -Console will log at this level unless changed. Default is \texttt{7}, +Console will log at this level unless changed. Default is \texttt{7}, minimum is \texttt{0}, maximum is \texttt{10}. \item \begin{verbatim}CONFIG_CONSOLE_SERIAL8250\end{verbatim}@@ -430,7 +430,7 @@ Size of final ROM image. This option has no default value. \item \begin{verbatim}CONFIG_FALLBACK_SIZE\end{verbatim} -Fallback image size. Defaults to \texttt{65536} bytes. \textbf{NOTE:} +Fallback image size. Defaults to \texttt{65536} bytes. \textbf{NOTE:} This does not include the fallback payload. \item \begin{verbatim}CONFIG_HAVE_OPTION_TABLE\end{verbatim}@@ -482,9 +482,9 @@ using romcc and/or the GNU assembler. This code enables caches and registers, early mtrr settings, fallback mechanisms, dram init and possibly more. -\textbf{NOTE:} The \texttt{option} keyword can not be used in mainboard -specific configuration files. Options shall instead be set using the -\texttt{default} keyword so that they can be overridden by the image +\textbf{NOTE:} The \texttt{option} keyword can not be used in mainboard+specific configuration files. Options shall instead be set using the+\texttt{default} keyword so that they can be overridden by the image specific configuration files if needed. \subsubsection{Mainboard specific keywords}@@ -539,7 +539,7 @@ during the build process. This is useful if external utilities have to be used for the build. coreboot on AMD64 uses romcc for it's early startup code placed in auto.c. -To tell the configuration mechanism how to build \texttt{romcc} files, +To tell the configuration mechanism how to build \texttt{romcc} files, do: \begin{verbatim}@@ -556,7 +556,7 @@ end \end{verbatim} Each \texttt{makerule} section contains file dependencies (using the-texttt{depends} keyword) and an action that is taken when the dependencies +texttt{depends} keyword) and an action that is taken when the dependencies are satisfied (using the \texttt{action} keyword). \item \begin{verbatim}mainboardinit\end{verbatim}@@ -668,7 +668,7 @@ couple of \texttt{pci} keywords. The first occurrence of the \texttt{pci} keyword tells coreboot where the bridge devices start, relative to the PCI configuration space used by the bridge. The following occurences of the \texttt{pci} keyword-describe the provided devices. +describe the provided devices. Adding the option \texttt{on} or \texttt{off} to a PCI device will enable or disable this device. This feature can be used if some bridge@@ -820,7 +820,7 @@ decompression is needed). % % 10. Tweaking the source code-% +% \section{Tweaking the source code} Besides configuring the existing code it is sometimes necessary or@@ -1083,7 +1083,7 @@ This will make coreboot look for the file \\ \texttt{coreboot-v2/src/mainboard///irq\_tables.c} which contains the source code definition of the IRQ table. coreboot corrects small inconsistencies in the IRQ table during startup (checksum and-number of entries), but it is not yet writing IRQ tables in a completely +number of entries), but it is not yet writing IRQ tables in a completely dynamic way. \textbf{NOTE:} To get Linux to understand and actually use the IRQ@@ -1125,7 +1125,7 @@ revisions. There is initial ACPI support in coreboot now. Currently the only gain with this is the ability to use HPET timers in Linux. To achieve this, there is a-framework that can generate the following tables: +framework that can generate the following tables: \begin{itemize} \item RSDP \item RSDT@@ -1143,7 +1143,7 @@ option CONFIG_HAVE_ACPI_TABLES=1 To keep Linux doing it's pci ressource allocation based on IRQ tables and MP tables, you have to specify the kernel parameter \texttt{pci=noacpi} otherwise-your PCI devices won't get interrupts. +your PCI devices won't get interrupts. It's likely that more ACPI support will follow, when there is need for certain features. @@ -1162,7 +1162,7 @@ port 80 POST output, you need a POST expansion card for ISA or PCI. Port 80 POST allows simple debugging without any other output method available (serial interface or VGA display) \item-\emph{Serial POST}. +\emph{Serial POST}. This option allows to push POST messages to the serial interface instead of using IO ports. \textbf{NOTE:} The serial interface has to be initialized before serial POST can work. To use serial POST, set the@@ -1244,7 +1244,7 @@ reset code in your mainboard specific configuration file \end{verbatim} The C source file \texttt{reset.c} (resulting in \texttt{reset.o}-during compilation) shall define the following function to take care +during compilation) shall define the following function to take care of the system reset: \begin{verbatim}@@ -1337,7 +1337,7 @@ position within the CMOS memory. The layout file looks as follows: [..] 392 3 e 5 baud_rate [..]- + # configid value human readable description 5 0 115200 5 1 57600@@ -1347,7 +1347,7 @@ position within the CMOS memory. The layout file looks as follows: 5 5 4800 5 6 2400 5 7 1200- + \end{verbatim} To change CMOS values from a running Linux system, use the@@ -1388,9 +1388,9 @@ network): range 192.168.1.0 192.168.1.31; option broadcastaddress 192.168.1.255; }- + ddnsupdatestyle adhoc;- + host hammer12 { hardware ethernet 00:04:76:EA:64:31; fixedaddress 192.168.1.24;@@ -1522,11 +1522,11 @@ CONs: % \section{Image types}-There used to be one image type for coreboot, as described above. Since this paper was written (2004) there have been many changes. First, the name +There used to be one image type for coreboot, as described above. Since this paper was written (2004) there have been many changes. First, the name was changed to coreboot, for many reasons. Second, Cache As Ram support (CAR)-was added for many AMD CPUs, which both simplified and complicated things. Simplification came with the removal of romcc; complication came with the addition of new ways to build. +was added for many AMD CPUs, which both simplified and complicated things. Simplification came with the removal of romcc; complication came with the addition of new ways to build. -There are two big additions to the build process and, furthermore, more than two new CONFIG variables to control them. +There are two big additions to the build process and, furthermore, more than two new CONFIG variables to control them. \begin{itemize} \item \begin{verbatim}CONFIG_USE_DCACHE_RAM\end{verbatim}@@ -1544,19 +1544,19 @@ Set to \texttt{1} to use printk, instead of the primitive print functions, in CA \end{itemize} Before going over the new image types, derived from v3, we will quickly review the standard v2 image types. We are hoping this review will-aid comprehension. +aid comprehension. -A coreboot rom file consists of one or more \textit{images}. All images consist of a part that runs in ROM, and a part that runs in RAM. The RAM can be in compressed form and is decompressed when needed by the ROM code. The main function of the ROM code is to get memory working. Both ROM and RAM consist of a very small amount of assembly code and mostly C code. +A coreboot rom file consists of one or more \textit{images}. All images consist of a part that runs in ROM, and a part that runs in RAM. The RAM can be in compressed form and is decompressed when needed by the ROM code. The main function of the ROM code is to get memory working. Both ROM and RAM consist of a very small amount of assembly code and mostly C code. \subsection{romcc images (from emulation/qemu)}-ROMCC images are so-called because C code for the ROM part is compiled with romcc. romcc is an optimizing C compiler which compiles one, and only -one file; to get more than one file, one must include the C code via include statements. The main ROM code .c file is usually called auto.c. +ROMCC images are so-called because C code for the ROM part is compiled with romcc. romcc is an optimizing C compiler which compiles one, and only+one file; to get more than one file, one must include the C code via include statements. The main ROM code .c file is usually called auto.c. \subsubsection{How it is built}-Romcc compiles auto.c to produce auto.inc. auto.inc is included in the main crt0.S, which is then preprocessed to produce crt0.s. The inclusion of files into crt0.S is controlled by the CONFIG\_CRT0\_INCLUDES variable. crt0.s is then assembled. +Romcc compiles auto.c to produce auto.inc. auto.inc is included in the main crt0.S, which is then preprocessed to produce crt0.s. The inclusion of files into crt0.S is controlled by the CONFIG\_CRT0\_INCLUDES variable. crt0.s is then assembled. -File for the ram part are compiled in a conventional manner. +File for the ram part are compiled in a conventional manner. -The final step is linking. The use of named sections is used very heavily in coreboot to control where different bits of code go. The reset vector must go in the top 16 bytes. The start portion of the ROM code must go in the top 64K bytes, since most chipsets only enable this much ROM at startup time. Here is a quick look at a typical image: +The final step is linking. The use of named sections is used very heavily in coreboot to control where different bits of code go. The reset vector must go in the top 16 bytes. The start portion of the ROM code must go in the top 64K bytes, since most chipsets only enable this much ROM at startup time. Here is a quick look at a typical image: \begin{verbatim} [Nr] Name Type Addr Off Size ES Flg Lk Inf Al [ 0] NULL 00000000 000000 000000 00 0 0 0@@ -1569,30 +1569,30 @@ The final step is linking. The use of named sections is used very heavily in cor [ 7] .strtab STRTAB 00000000 007da0 000bfd 00 0 0 1 \end{verbatim} -The only sections that get loaded into a ROM are the Allocated ones. We can see the .ram, .rom, .reset and .id sections. +The only sections that get loaded into a ROM are the Allocated ones. We can see the .ram, .rom, .reset and .id sections. \subsubsection{layout}-As we mentioned, the ROM file consists of multiple images. In the basic file, there are two full coreboot rom images. The build sequence for each is the same, and in fact the ldscript.ld files are almost identical. The only difference is in a few makefile variables, generated by the config tool. +As we mentioned, the ROM file consists of multiple images. In the basic file, there are two full coreboot rom images. The build sequence for each is the same, and in fact the ldscript.ld files are almost identical. The only difference is in a few makefile variables, generated by the config tool. \begin{itemize}-\item CONFIG\_PAYLOAD\_SIZE. Each image may have a different payload size. -\item CONFIG\_ROMBASE Each image must have a different base in rom. -\item CONFIG\_RESET Unclear what this is used for. +\item CONFIG\_PAYLOAD\_SIZE. Each image may have a different payload size.+\item CONFIG\_ROMBASE Each image must have a different base in rom.+\item CONFIG\_RESET Unclear what this is used for. \item CONFIG\_EXCEPTION\_VECTORS where an optional IDT might go.-\item CONFIG\_USE\_OPTION\_TABLE if set, an option table section will be linked in. -\item CONFIG\_ROM\_PAYLOAD\_START This is the soon-to-be-deprecated way of locating a payload. cbfs eliminates this. +\item CONFIG\_USE\_OPTION\_TABLE if set, an option table section will be linked in.+\item CONFIG\_ROM\_PAYLOAD\_START This is the soon-to-be-deprecated way of locating a payload. cbfs eliminates this. \item CONFIG\_USE\_FALLBACK\_IMAGE Whether this is a fallback or normal image-\item CONFIG\_ROM\_SECTION\_SIZE Essentially, the payload size. Soon to be deprecated. +\item CONFIG\_ROM\_SECTION\_SIZE Essentially, the payload size. Soon to be deprecated. \item CONFIG\_ROM\_IMAGE\_SIZE Size of this image (i.e. fallback or normal image) \item CONFIG\_ROM\_SIZE Total size of the ROM-\item CONFIG\_XIP\_RAM\_BASE The start of eXecute In Place code. XIP allows for not copying code to ram, but just running it from ROM. +\item CONFIG\_XIP\_RAM\_BASE The start of eXecute In Place code. XIP allows for not copying code to ram, but just running it from ROM. \end{itemize} -Each image (normal or fallback) is built completely independently and does not get linked to the other. They are assembled into one ROM image by the (soon to be deprecated) buildrom tool, or by the cbfs tool. +Each image (normal or fallback) is built completely independently and does not get linked to the other. They are assembled into one ROM image by the (soon to be deprecated) buildrom tool, or by the cbfs tool. \subsubsection{boot sequence}-We boot and start at fffffff0. We then jump to the entry point at \_start. \_start does some machine init and an lgdt and jumps to \_\_protected\_start, at which point we are in protected mode. The code does a bit more machine setup and then starts executing the romcc code. +We boot and start at fffffff0. We then jump to the entry point at \_start. \_start does some machine init and an lgdt and jumps to \_\_protected\_start, at which point we are in protected mode. The code does a bit more machine setup and then starts executing the romcc code. -If fallback has been built in, some setup needs to be done. On some machines, it is extensive. Full rom decoding must be enabled. This may in turn require additional PCI setup to enable decoding to be enabled (!). To decided which image to use, hardware registers (cold boot on the Opteron) or CMOS are checked. Finally, once the image to use has been decided, a jmp is performed, viz: +If fallback has been built in, some setup needs to be done. On some machines, it is extensive. Full rom decoding must be enabled. This may in turn require additional PCI setup to enable decoding to be enabled (!). To decided which image to use, hardware registers (cold boot on the Opteron) or CMOS are checked. Finally, once the image to use has been decided, a jmp is performed, viz: \begin{verbatim} /* This is the primary cpu how should I boot? */ else if (do_normal_boot()) {@@ -1616,8 +1616,8 @@ If fallback has been built in, some setup needs to be done. On some machines, it #endif ; \end{verbatim}-How does the fallback image get the symbol for normal entry? Via magic in the ldscript.ld -- remember, the images are not linked to each other. -Finally, we can see this in the Config.lb for most mainboards: +How does the fallback image get the symbol for normal entry? Via magic in the ldscript.ld -- remember, the images are not linked to each other.+Finally, we can see this in the Config.lb for most mainboards: \begin{verbatim} if CONFIG_USE_FALLBACK_IMAGE mainboardinit cpu/x86/16bit/reset16.inc@@ -1627,27 +1627,27 @@ else ldscript /cpu/x86/32bit/reset32.lds end \end{verbatim}-What does this mean? the non-fallback image has a 32-bit entry point; fallback has a 16-bit entry point. The reason for this is that some code from fallback always runs, so as to pick fallback or normal; but the normal is always called from 32-bit code. +What does this mean? the non-fallback image has a 32-bit entry point; fallback has a 16-bit entry point. The reason for this is that some code from fallback always runs, so as to pick fallback or normal; but the normal is always called from 32-bit code. \subsection{car images (from lippert/roadrunner-lx)}-CAR images in their simplest form are modified romcc images. The file is usually cache\_as\_ram\_auto.c. C inclusion is still used. The main difference is in the build sequence. The compiler command line is a very slight changed: instead of using romcc to generate an auto.inc include file, gcc us used. Then, two perl scripts are used to rename the .text and .data sections to .rom.text and .rom.data respectively. +CAR images in their simplest form are modified romcc images. The file is usually cache\_as\_ram\_auto.c. C inclusion is still used. The main difference is in the build sequence. The compiler command line is a very slight changed: instead of using romcc to generate an auto.inc include file, gcc us used. Then, two perl scripts are used to rename the .text and .data sections to .rom.text and .rom.data respectively. \subsubsection{How it is built}-The build is almost identical to the romcc build. Since the auto.inc file exists, it can be included as before. The crt0\_includes.h file has one addition: a file that enables CAR, in this case it is \textit{src/cpu/amd/model\_lx/cache\_as\_ram.inc}. +The build is almost identical to the romcc build. Since the auto.inc file exists, it can be included as before. The crt0\_includes.h file has one addition: a file that enables CAR, in this case it is \textit{src/cpu/amd/model\_lx/cache\_as\_ram.inc}. \subsubsection{layout}-No significant change from romcc code. +No significant change from romcc code. \subsubsection{boot sequence}-No significant change from romcc code, except that the CAR code has to set up a stack. +No significant change from romcc code, except that the CAR code has to set up a stack. \subsection{car + CONFIG\_USE\_INIT images (new emulation/qemu}-This type of image makes more use of the C compiler. In this type of image, in fact, -seperate compilation is possible but is not always used. Oddly enough, this option is only used in PPC boards. That said, we need to move to this way of building. Including C code is poor style. +This type of image makes more use of the C compiler. In this type of image, in fact,+seperate compilation is possible but is not always used. Oddly enough, this option is only used in PPC boards. That said, we need to move to this way of building. Including C code is poor style. \subsubsection{How it is built} There is a make variable, INIT-OBJECTS, that for all our other targets is empty. In this type of build, INIT-OBJECTS is a list of C files that are created from the config tool initobject command. Again, with INIT-OBJECTS we can finally stop including .c files and go with seperate compilation. \subsubsection{layout}-No significant change from romcc code. +No significant change from romcc code. \subsubsection{boot sequence}-No significant change from romcc code, except that the CAR code has to set up a stack. +No significant change from romcc code, except that the CAR code has to set up a stack. \subsection{car + CONFIG\_USE\_PRINTK\_IN\_CAR images}-When CONFIG\_USE\_PRINTK\_IN\_CAR is set, the CAR code can use printk instead of the primitive print functions. This config variable is used in one of two ways. If CONFIG\_USE\_INIT is 0, then different .c files just include other .c files, as in console.c: +When CONFIG\_USE\_PRINTK\_IN\_CAR is set, the CAR code can use printk instead of the primitive print functions. This config variable is used in one of two ways. If CONFIG\_USE\_INIT is 0, then different .c files just include other .c files, as in console.c: \begin{verbatim} #if CONFIG_USE_PRINTK_IN_CAR == 0 static void __console_tx_byte(unsigned char byte)@@ -1670,9 +1670,9 @@ static void __console_tx_byte(unsigned char byte) #endif /* CONFIG_USE_PRINTK_IN_CAR */ -\end{verbatim}\footnote{yuck!} +\end{verbatim}\footnote{yuck!} -If CONFIG\_USE\_INIT is 1, then the Config.lb is configured differently: +If CONFIG\_USE\_INIT is 1, then the Config.lb is configured differently: \begin{verbatim} if CONFIG_USE_INIT if CONFIG_USE_PRINTK_IN_CAR@@ -1680,14 +1680,14 @@ if CONFIG_USE_INIT end end -\end{verbatim}\footnote{see previous footnote} +\end{verbatim}\footnote{see previous footnote} \subsubsection{layout}-No significant change from romcc code. +No significant change from romcc code. \subsubsection{boot sequence}-No significant change from romcc code, except that the CAR code has to set up a stack. +No significant change from romcc code, except that the CAR code has to set up a stack. \subsection{failover}-Failover is the newest way to lay out a ROM. The choice of which image to run is removed from the fallback image and moved into a small, standalone piece of code. The code is simple enough to show here: +Failover is the newest way to lay out a ROM. The choice of which image to run is removed from the fallback image and moved into a small, standalone piece of code. The code is simple enough to show here: \begin{verbatim} static unsigned long main(unsigned long bist) {@@ -1707,7 +1707,7 @@ fallback_image: } \end{verbatim}-Some motherboards have a more complex bus structure (e.g. Opteron). In those cases, the failover can be more complex, as it requires some hardware initialization to work correctly. As of this writing (April 2009), these boards have their own failover: +Some motherboards have a more complex bus structure (e.g. Opteron). In those cases, the failover can be more complex, as it requires some hardware initialization to work correctly. As of this writing (April 2009), these boards have their own failover: \begin{quote} ./src/mainboard/iei/nova4899r/failover.c ./src/mainboard/emulation/qemu-x86/failover.c@@ -1723,7 +1723,7 @@ Some motherboards have a more complex bus structure (e.g. Opteron). In those cas ./src/mainboard/olpc/rev\_a/failover.c ./src/mainboard/via/epia-m/failover.c \end{quote}-Here is one of the more complicated ones: +Here is one of the more complicated ones: \begin{verbatim} static unsigned long main(unsigned long bist) {@@ -1760,15 +1760,15 @@ static unsigned long main(unsigned long bist) } \end{verbatim}-They're not that different, in fact. So why are there different copies all over the tree? Simple: code inclusion. Most of the failover.c are different because they include different bits of code. Here is a key reason for killing C code inclusion in the tree. +They're not that different, in fact. So why are there different copies all over the tree? Simple: code inclusion. Most of the failover.c are different because they include different bits of code. Here is a key reason for killing C code inclusion in the tree. \subsubsection{How it is built}-There two additional config variables: +There two additional config variables: \begin{itemize}-\item HAVE\_FAILOVER\_IMAGE Has to be defined when certain files are included. +\item HAVE\_FAILOVER\_IMAGE Has to be defined when certain files are included. \item USE\_FAILOVER\_IMAGE Enables the use of the failover image \end{itemize}-Confusingly enough, almost all the uses of these two variables are either nested or both required to be set, e.g. -The fallback and normal builds are the same. The target config has a new clause that looks like this: +Confusingly enough, almost all the uses of these two variables are either nested or both required to be set, e.g.+The fallback and normal builds are the same. The target config has a new clause that looks like this: \begin{verbatim} romimage "failover" option CONFIG_USE_FAILOVER_IMAGE=1@@ -1778,36 +1778,36 @@ romimage "failover" option COREBOOT_EXTRA_VERSION="\$(shell cat ../../VERSION)\_Failover" end \end{verbatim}-This new section uses some constructs not yet discussed in detail. XIP\_ROM\_SIZE just refers to the -fact that the failover code is eXecute In Place, i.e. not copied to RAM. Of course, the ROM part of normal/fallback is as well, so the usage of XIP here is somewhat confusing. Finally, the USE\_FAILOVER\_IMAGE variable is set, which changes code compilation in a few places. If we just consider non-mainbard files, there are: +This new section uses some constructs not yet discussed in detail. XIP\_ROM\_SIZE just refers to the+fact that the failover code is eXecute In Place, i.e. not copied to RAM. Of course, the ROM part of normal/fallback is as well, so the usage of XIP here is somewhat confusing. Finally, the USE\_FAILOVER\_IMAGE variable is set, which changes code compilation in a few places. If we just consider non-mainbard files, there are: \begin{verbatim} src/cpu/amd/car/cache_as_ram.inc src/arch/i386/Config.lb \end{verbatim} For the cache\_as\_ram.inc file, the changes relate to the fact that failover code sets up CAR, so that fallback code need not. -For the Config.lb, several aspects of build change. -When USE\_FAILOVER\_IMAGE, entry into both normal and fallback bios images is via a 32-bit entry point (when not defined, entry into fallback is a 16-entry point at the power-on reset vector). +For the Config.lb, several aspects of build change.+When USE\_FAILOVER\_IMAGE, entry into both normal and fallback bios images is via a 32-bit entry point (when not defined, entry into fallback is a 16-entry point at the power-on reset vector). \subsubsection{layout}-Failover.c becomes the new bootblock at the top of memory. It calls either normal or fallback. The address of normal and fallback is determined by ldscript magic. +Failover.c becomes the new bootblock at the top of memory. It calls either normal or fallback. The address of normal and fallback is determined by ldscript magic. \subsubsection{boot sequence}-failover.c tests a few variables and the calls the normal or fallback payload depending on those variables; usually they are CMOS settings. +failover.c tests a few variables and the calls the normal or fallback payload depending on those variables; usually they are CMOS settings. \subsection{Proposed new image forat}-The new image format will use seperate compilation -- no C code included! -- on all files. +The new image format will use seperate compilation -- no C code included! -- on all files. -The new design has a few key goals: +The new design has a few key goals: \begin{itemize}-\item Always use a bootblock (currently called failover). -The name failover.c, being utterly obscure, will not be used; instead, we will name the file bootblock.c. Instead of having a different copy for each mainboard, we can have just one copy. +\item Always use a bootblock (currently called failover).+The name failover.c, being utterly obscure, will not be used; instead, we will name the file bootblock.c. Instead of having a different copy for each mainboard, we can have just one copy. \item Always use seperate compilation \item Always use printk etc. in the ROM code-\item (longer term) from the bootblock, always use cbfs to locate the normal/fallback etc. code. This code will be XIP. +\item (longer term) from the bootblock, always use cbfs to locate the normal/fallback etc. code. This code will be XIP. \end{itemize} \subsubsection{How it is built}-For now, since we are still using the config tool, we'll need a new command: bootblockobject, which creates a list of files to be included in the bootblock. Not a lot else will have to change. We are going to move to using the v3 CAR code assembly code (one or two files at most, instead of many) and, instead of the thicket of little ldscript files, one ldscript file. This strategy is subject to modification as events dictate. +For now, since we are still using the config tool, we'll need a new command: bootblockobject, which creates a list of files to be included in the bootblock. Not a lot else will have to change. We are going to move to using the v3 CAR code assembly code (one or two files at most, instead of many) and, instead of the thicket of little ldscript files, one ldscript file. This strategy is subject to modification as events dictate. \subsubsection{layout}-Almost the same, for now, as the current failover code. +Almost the same, for now, as the current failover code. \subsubsection{boot sequence} % % 14 Glossary@@ -1839,11 +1839,11 @@ ROMs they can be electronically erased and reprogrammed. \subsection{Additional Papers on coreboot} \begin{itemize}- \item + \item \textit{\url{http://www.coreboot.org/Documentation}}- \item + \item \textit{\url{http://www.lysator.liu.se/upplysning/fa/linuxbios.pdf}}- \item + \item \textit{\url{http://portal.acm.org/citation.cfm?id=512627}} \end{itemize} diff --git a/documentation/Makefile b/documentation/Makefileindex dad6ecc52..84ac0b58f 100644--- a/documentation/Makefile+++ b/documentation/Makefile@@ -31,7 +31,7 @@ else ifneq ($(strip$(CONVERT)),) convert $<$@ endif -LinuxBIOS-AMD64.toc: $(FIGS) LinuxBIOS-AMD64.tex +LinuxBIOS-AMD64.toc:$(FIGS) LinuxBIOS-AMD64.tex # 2 times to make sure we have a current toc. $(PDFLATEX) LinuxBIOS-AMD64.tex$(PDFLATEX) LinuxBIOS-AMD64.texdiff --git a/documentation/RFC/chip.tex b/documentation/RFC/chip.texindex 58fa613a0..5e366b846 100644--- a/documentation/RFC/chip.tex+++ b/documentation/RFC/chip.tex@@ -2,17 +2,17 @@ \begin{abstract} At the end of this document is the original message that motivated the-change. +change. \end{abstract} \section{Scope} This document defines how LinuxBIOS programmers can specify chips that-are used, specified, and initalized. The current scope is for superio -chips, but the architecture should allow for specification of other chips such -as southbridges. Multiple chips of same or different type are supported. +are used, specified, and initalized. The current scope is for superio+chips, but the architecture should allow for specification of other chips such+as southbridges. Multiple chips of same or different type are supported. \section{Goals}-The goals of the new chip architecture are these: +The goals of the new chip architecture are these: \begin{itemize} \item seperate implementation details from specification in the Config file (translation: no more C code in Config files)@@ -27,33 +27,33 @@ The specification looks like this: \begin{verbatim} chip [path=] [""] \end{verbatim}-The name is in the standard LinuxBIOS form of type/vendor/name, e.g. -"southbridge/intel/piix4e" or "superio/ite/it8671f". The class of the -chip is derived from the first pathname component of the name, and the chip -configuration is derived from the following components. +The name is in the standard LinuxBIOS form of type/vendor/name, e.g.+"southbridge/intel/piix4e" or "superio/ite/it8671f". The class of the+chip is derived from the first pathname component of the name, and the chip+configuration is derived from the following components. -The path defines the access mechanism to the chip. -It is optional. If present, it overrides the default path to the chip. +The path defines the access mechanism to the chip.+It is optional. If present, it overrides the default path to the chip. The configuration defines chip-specific configuration details, and is also-optional. Note that an empty configuration will leave the chip with -no enabled resources. This may be desirable in some cases. +optional. Note that an empty configuration will leave the chip with+no enabled resources. This may be desirable in some cases. \section{Results of specifying a chip} When one or more chips are specified, the data about the chips is saved until the entire file is parsed. At this point, the config tool creates a file in the build directory called chip.c This file contains-a common struct containing information about -each individual chip and an array of pointers to these structures. +a common struct containing information about+each individual chip and an array of pointers to these structures. -For each chip, there are two structures. The structures contain control -information for the chip, and register initialization information. The -names of the structures are derived by flattening'' the chip name, -as in the current linuxbios. For example, superio/ite/xyz uses +For each chip, there are two structures. The structures contain control+information for the chip, and register initialization information. The+names of the structures are derived by flattening'' the chip name,+as in the current linuxbios. For example, superio/ite/xyz uses two structs, one called superio_ite_xyz_control and one called-superio_ite_xyz_init. The control struct is initialized from the -chip name and path information, and has a pointer to the +superio_ite_xyz_init. The control struct is initialized from the+chip name and path information, and has a pointer to the config struct. The config struct is initialized from the quote string \begin{verbatim}@@ -64,29 +64,29 @@ To: linuxbios@clustermatic.org Subject: RFC:new superio proposal Abstract:- The superio architecture for linuxbios has worked for the last 2 -years but is being stretched to the limit by the changes in superio chips. -The architecture depended on superio resources being relatively constant -between chips, but this assumption no longer holds. In this document we -propose several alternatives and solicit comments. + The superio architecture for linuxbios has worked for the last 2+years but is being stretched to the limit by the changes in superio chips.+The architecture depended on superio resources being relatively constant+between chips, but this assumption no longer holds. In this document we+propose several alternatives and solicit comments. Overview:-The superio architecture in linuxbios was developed over time, and -modified as circumstances required. In the beginning it was relatively -simple and assumed only one superio per mainboard. The latest version +The superio architecture in linuxbios was developed over time, and+modified as circumstances required. In the beginning it was relatively+simple and assumed only one superio per mainboard. The latest version allows an arbitrary number of superios per mainboard, and allows complete specification of the superio base I/O address along with the specification-of reasonable default valures for both the base I/O address and the -superio parameters such as serial enable, baud rate, and so on. +of reasonable default valures for both the base I/O address and the+superio parameters such as serial enable, baud rate, and so on. -Specification of superio control parameters is done by a configuration +Specification of superio control parameters is done by a configuration line such as: nsuperio sis/950 com1={1} floppy=1 lpt=1 -This fragment sets the superio type to sis/950; sets com1, floppy, and lpt -to enabled; and leaves the defaults to com1 (baud rate, etc.) to the -default values. +This fragment sets the superio type to sis/950; sets com1, floppy, and lpt+to enabled; and leaves the defaults to com1 (baud rate, etc.) to the+default values. While it is not obvious, these configuration parameters are fragments of a C initializer. The initializers are used to build a statically initialized@@ -96,7 +96,7 @@ struct superio { struct superio_control *super; // the ops for the device. unsigned int port; // if non-zero, overrides the default port // com ports. This is not done as an array (yet).- // We think it's easier to set up from python if it is not an + // We think it's easier to set up from python if it is not an // array. struct com_ports com1, com2, com3, com4; // DMA, if it exists.@@ -114,14 +114,14 @@ struct superio { These structures are, in turn, created and statically initialized by a config-tool-generated structure that defines all the superios. This file-is called nsuperio.c, is created for each mainboard you build, only +is called nsuperio.c, is created for each mainboard you build, only appears in the build directory, and looks like this: ===-extern struct superio_control superio_winbond_w83627hf_control; +extern struct superio_control superio_winbond_w83627hf_control; -struct superio superio_winbond_w83627hf= { - &superio_winbond_w83627hf_control, +struct superio superio_winbond_w83627hf= {+ &superio_winbond_w83627hf_control, .com1={1}, .com2={1}, .floppy=1, .lpt=1, .keyboard=1, .hwmonitor=1}; struct superio *all_superio[] = {&superio_winbond_w83627hf,@@ -131,12 +131,12 @@ unsigned long nsuperio = 1; === This example shows a board with one superio (nsuperio). The superio-consists of a winbond w83627hf, with com1, com2, floppy, lpt, keyboard, -and hwmonitor enabled. Note that this structure also allows for -over-riding the default superio base, although that capability is rarely -used. +consists of a winbond w83627hf, with com1, com2, floppy, lpt, keyboard,+and hwmonitor enabled. Note that this structure also allows for+over-riding the default superio base, although that capability is rarely+used. -The control structure is used to define how to access the superio for +The control structure is used to define how to access the superio for purposes of control. It looks like this: === struct superio_control {@@ -151,13 +151,13 @@ struct superio_control { }; === -There are three methods for stages of hardwaremain. First is pre_pci_init -(for chips like the acer southbridge that require you to enable some -resources BEFORE pci scan); init, called during the 'middle' phase of -hardwaremain; and finishup, called before the payload is loaded. +There are three methods for stages of hardwaremain. First is pre_pci_init+(for chips like the acer southbridge that require you to enable some+resources BEFORE pci scan); init, called during the 'middle' phase of+hardwaremain; and finishup, called before the payload is loaded. -This approach was inspired by and borrows heavily on the Plan 9 kernel -configuration tools. +This approach was inspired by and borrows heavily on the Plan 9 kernel+configuration tools. The problem: @@ -166,22 +166,22 @@ smaller. It has grown and in the limit this structure is the union of all possibly superio chips. Obviously, in the long term, this is not practical: we can not anticipate all possible superio chips for all time. -The common PC BIOS solution to this type of problem is to continue with -binary structures but add version numbers to them, so that all code that -uses a given structure has to check the version number. Personally, I find -this grotesque and would rather not work this way. +The common PC BIOS solution to this type of problem is to continue with+binary structures but add version numbers to them, so that all code that+uses a given structure has to check the version number. Personally, I find+this grotesque and would rather not work this way. -Using textual strings for configuration is something I find far more -attractive. Plan 9 has shown that this approach has no real limits and -suffices for configuration tasks. The Linux kernel does more limited use -of strings for configuration, but still depends on them. Strings are -easier to read and work with than binary structures, and more important, a -lot easier to deal with when things start going wrong. +Using textual strings for configuration is something I find far more+attractive. Plan 9 has shown that this approach has no real limits and+suffices for configuration tasks. The Linux kernel does more limited use+of strings for configuration, but still depends on them. Strings are+easier to read and work with than binary structures, and more important, a+lot easier to deal with when things start going wrong. The proposed solution: -What follows are three possible ideas for specifying superio resources and -their settings. +What follows are three possible ideas for specifying superio resources and+their settings. A common part of the new idea is to eliminate the common superio structure, due to the many variations in chips, and make it invisible@@ -203,9 +203,9 @@ struct superio_control { char *name; }; -I.e. we add a new function for creating the superio. +I.e. we add a new function for creating the superio. -Communication of superio settings from linuxbios to the superio would be +Communication of superio settings from linuxbios to the superio would be via textual strings. The superio structure becomes this: struct superio {@@ -215,7 +215,7 @@ struct superio { }; -So now the question becomes, what is the configuration structure? +So now the question becomes, what is the configuration structure? There are several choices. The simplest, from my point of view, are keyword-value pairs: struct configuration {@@ -223,11 +223,11 @@ struct configuration { const char *value; }; -These get filled in by the config tool as before. The linuxbios libary can -then provide a generic parsing function for the superios to use. +These get filled in by the config tool as before. The linuxbios libary can+then provide a generic parsing function for the superios to use. -The remaining question is how should the superio command look in -freebios2? +The remaining question is how should the superio command look in+freebios2? superio sis/950 "com1=115200,8n1 lpt=1 com2=9600" @@ -242,22 +242,22 @@ superio sis/950 ((com1 115200 8n1) (lpt 1)) So, my questions: 1. Does this new scheme look workable. If not, what needs to change?-2. What should the 'struct configuration' be? does keyword/value work? -3. what should the superio command look like? +2. What should the 'struct configuration' be? does keyword/value work?+3. what should the superio command look like? Comments welcome. -I'd like to adopt this "RFC" approach for freebios2 as much as we can. +I'd like to adopt this "RFC" approach for freebios2 as much as we can. There was a lot of give-and-take in the early days of linuxbios about structure and it proved useful. There's a lot that will start happening in freebios2 now, and we need to try to make sure it will work for everyone. Those of you who are doing mainboards, please look at freebios2 and see how it looks for you. There's a lot of good work that has been done (not-by me so far, thanks Eric and Stefan), and more that needs to be done. -Consider trying out romcc as an "assembly code killer". See how it fits -together and if you can work with it or need changes. Bring comments back -to this list. +by me so far, thanks Eric and Stefan), and more that needs to be done.+Consider trying out romcc as an "assembly code killer". See how it fits+together and if you can work with it or need changes. Bring comments back+to this list. thanks diff --git a/documentation/RFC/config.tex b/documentation/RFC/config.texindex 879083e97..6d6c43302 100644--- a/documentation/RFC/config.tex+++ b/documentation/RFC/config.tex@@ -8,7 +8,7 @@ We describe the new configuration language for LinuxBIOS. This document defines the new configuration language for LinuxBIOS. \section{Goals}-The goals of the new language are these: +The goals of the new language are these: \begin{itemize} \item Simplified Makefiles so people can see what is set \item Move from the regular-expression-based language to something@@ -16,22 +16,22 @@ a bit more comprehensible and flexible \item make the specification easier for people to use and understand \item allow unique register-set-specifiers for each chip \item allow generic register-set-specifiers for each chip-\item generate static initialization code, as needed, for the -specifiers. +\item generate static initialization code, as needed, for the+specifiers. \end{itemize} \section{Language} Here is the new language. It is very similar to the old one, differing-in only a few respects. It borrows heavily from Greg Watson's suggestions. +in only a few respects. It borrows heavily from Greg Watson's suggestions. -I am presenting it in a pseudo-BNF in the hopes it will be easier. Things -in '' are keywords; things in '' are strings in the actual text. +I am presenting it in a pseudo-BNF in the hopes it will be easier. Things+in '' are keywords; things in '' are strings in the actual text. \begin{verbatim} #exprs are composed of factor or factor + factor etc. expr ::= factor ( +'' factor | -'' factor | )* #factors are term or term * term or term / term or ... factor ::= term ( *'' term | /'' term | ... )*-# +# unary-op ::= !'' ID # term is a number, hexnumber, ID, unary-op, or a full-blown expression term ::= NUM | XNUM | ID | unary-op | ( expr )''@@ -39,27 +39,27 @@ term ::= NUM | XNUM | ID | unary-op | ( expr )'' # Option command. Can be an expression or quote-string. # Options are used in the config tool itself (in expressions and 'if') # and are also passed to the C compiler when building linuxbios.-# It is an error to have two option commands in a file. +# It is an error to have two option commands in a file. # It is an error to have an option command after the ID has been used # in an expression (i.e. 'set after used' is an error) option ::= 'option' ID '=' (value'' | term) # Default command. The ID is set to this value if no option command-# is scanned. -# Multiple defaults for an ID will produce warning, but not errors. +# is scanned.+# Multiple defaults for an ID will produce warning, but not errors. # It is OK to scan a default command after use of an ID. # Options always over-ride defaults. default ::= 'default' ID '=' (value'' | term) # the mainboard, southbridge, northbridge commands # cause sourcing of Config.lb files as in the old config tool-# as parts are sourced, a device tree is built. The structure +# as parts are sourced, a device tree is built. The structure # of the tree is determined by the structure of the components # as they are specified. To attach a superio to a southbridge, for # example, one would do this:-# southbridge acer/5432 -# superio nsc/123 -# end +# southbridge acer/5432+# superio nsc/123+# end # end # the tool generates static initializers for this hierarchy. @@ -79,17 +79,17 @@ register ::= 'register' CODE'' mainboard ::= 'mainboard' PATH (statements)* 'end' # standard linuxbios commands-southbridge ::= 'southbridge' PATH (statemnts)* 'end' -northbridge ::= 'northbridge' PATH (statemnts)* 'end' -superio ::= 'superio PATH (statemnts)* 'end' -cpu ::= 'cpu' PATH (statemnts)* 'end' -arch ::= 'arch' PATH (statemnts)* 'end' +southbridge ::= 'southbridge' PATH (statemnts)* 'end'+northbridge ::= 'northbridge' PATH (statemnts)* 'end'+superio ::= 'superio PATH (statemnts)* 'end'+cpu ::= 'cpu' PATH (statemnts)* 'end'+arch ::= 'arch' PATH (statemnts)* 'end' # files for building linuxbios-# include a file in crt0.S -mainboardinit ::= 'mainboardinit' PATH +# include a file in crt0.S+mainboardinit ::= 'mainboardinit' PATH -# object file +# object file object ::= 'object' PATH # driver objects are just built into the image in a different way driver ::= 'driver' PATH@@ -116,7 +116,7 @@ makedefine ::= 'makedefine' RAWTEXT'' addaction ::= 'addaction' PATH ACTION'' # statements-statement ::= +statement ::= option | default | cpu@@ -204,12 +204,12 @@ ldscript cpu/i386/entry32.lds ### ### Build our reset vector (This is where linuxBIOS is entered) ###-if CONFIG_USE_FALLBACK_IMAGE - mainboardinit cpu/i386/reset16.inc - ldscript cpu/i386/reset16.lds +if CONFIG_USE_FALLBACK_IMAGE+ mainboardinit cpu/i386/reset16.inc+ ldscript cpu/i386/reset16.lds else- mainboardinit cpu/i386/reset32.inc - ldscript cpu/i386/reset32.lds + mainboardinit cpu/i386/reset32.inc+ ldscript cpu/i386/reset32.lds end . .@@ -227,7 +227,7 @@ makerule ./auto.inc dep "./romcc ./auto.E" act "./romcc -O ./auto.E > auto.inc" mainboardinit ./auto.inc # ###-### Include the secondary Configuration files +### Include the secondary Configuration files ### northbridge amd/amdk8 end@@ -286,6 +286,6 @@ export CC:=\$(CONFIG_CROSS_COMPILE)gcc \end{verbatim} -In other words, instead of expressions, we see the values. It's easier to -deal with. +In other words, instead of expressions, we see the values. It's easier to+deal with. diff --git a/documentation/cbfs.txt b/documentation/cbfs.txtindex 8ab437de9..61f9f794e 100644--- a/documentation/cbfs.txt+++ b/documentation/cbfs.txt@@ -4,71 +4,71 @@ Received: from www.crouse-house.com ([199.45.160.146] From: Jordan Crouse -Greetings. I apologize for the incompleteness of what I am about to -discuss. I was planning on working on it leisurely, but my employment -circumstances changed and I've been trying to get it completed in a +Greetings. I apologize for the incompleteness of what I am about to+discuss. I was planning on working on it leisurely, but my employment+circumstances changed and I've been trying to get it completed in a hurry before I had to leave it behind. -I've been thinking a lot about LAR lately, and ways to make it more -extensible and robust. Marc and I have been trading ideas back and -forth for a number of months, and over time a clear idea of what I +I've been thinking a lot about LAR lately, and ways to make it more+extensible and robust. Marc and I have been trading ideas back and+forth for a number of months, and over time a clear idea of what I wanted to do started to take shape. -My goal was to add small things to LAR while retaining the overall -scheme. Over time, the scheme evolved slightly, but I think you'll find -that it remains true to the original idea. Below is the beginnings of -an architecture document - I did it in text form, but if met with -aclaim, it should be wikified. This presents what I call CBFS - the -next generation LAR for next generation Coreboot. Its easier to +My goal was to add small things to LAR while retaining the overall+scheme. Over time, the scheme evolved slightly, but I think you'll find+that it remains true to the original idea. Below is the beginnings of+an architecture document - I did it in text form, but if met with+aclaim, it should be wikified. This presents what I call CBFS - the+next generation LAR for next generation Coreboot. Its easier to describe what it is by describing what changed: -A header has been added somewhere in the bootblock similar to Carl -Daniel's scheme. In addition to the coreboot information, the header -reports the size of the ROM, the alignment of the blocks, and the offset -of the first component in the CBFS. The master header provides all +A header has been added somewhere in the bootblock similar to Carl+Daniel's scheme. In addition to the coreboot information, the header+reports the size of the ROM, the alignment of the blocks, and the offset+of the first component in the CBFS. The master header provides all the information LAR needs plus the magic number information flashrom needs. -Each "file" (or component, as I style them) now has a type associated -with it. The type is used by coreboot to identify the type of file that -it is loading, and it can also be used by payloads to group items in the +Each "file" (or component, as I style them) now has a type associated+with it. The type is used by coreboot to identify the type of file that+it is loading, and it can also be used by payloads to group items in the CBFS by type (i.e - bayou can ask for all components that are payloads). -The header on each "file" (or component, as I like to style them) has -been simplified - We now only store the length, the type, the checksum, -and the offset to the data. The name scheme remains the same. The -addtional information, which is component specific, has been moved to +The header on each "file" (or component, as I like to style them) has+been simplified - We now only store the length, the type, the checksum,+and the offset to the data. The name scheme remains the same. The+addtional information, which is component specific, has been moved to the component itself (see below). -The components are arranged in the ROM aligned along the specified +The components are arranged in the ROM aligned along the specified alignment from the master header - this is to facilitate partial re-write. Other then that, the LAR ideas remain pretty much the same. -The plan for moving the metadata to the components is to allow many -different kinds of components, not all of which are groked by coreboot. - However, there are three essential component types that are groked by +The plan for moving the metadata to the components is to allow many+different kinds of components, not all of which are groked by coreboot.+ However, there are three essential component types that are groked by coreboot, and they are defined: -stage - the stage is being parsed from the original ELF, and stored in -the ROM as a single blob of binary data. The load address, start +stage - the stage is being parsed from the original ELF, and stored in+the ROM as a single blob of binary data. The load address, start address, compression type and length are stored in the component sub-header. -payload - this is essentially SELF in different clothing - same idea as +payload - this is essentially SELF in different clothing - same idea as SELF, with the sub-header as above. -optionrom - This is in flux - right now, the optionrom is stored +optionrom - This is in flux - right now, the optionrom is stored unadulterated and uncompressed, but that is likely to be changed. -Following this email are two replies containing the v3 code and a new -ROM tool to implement this respectively. I told you that I was trying -to get this out before I disappear, and I'm not kidding - the code is -compile tested and not run-tested. I hope that somebody will embrace -this code and take it the rest of the way, otherwise it will die a +Following this email are two replies containing the v3 code and a new+ROM tool to implement this respectively. I told you that I was trying+to get this out before I disappear, and I'm not kidding - the code is+compile tested and not run-tested. I hope that somebody will embrace+this code and take it the rest of the way, otherwise it will die a pretty short death. -I realize that this will start an awesome flamewar, and I'm looking -forward to it. Thanks for listening to me over the years - and good -luck with coreboot. When you all make a million dollars, send me a few +I realize that this will start an awesome flamewar, and I'm looking+forward to it. Thanks for listening to me over the years - and good+luck with coreboot. When you all make a million dollars, send me a few bucks, will you? Jordan@@ -152,7 +152,7 @@ struct cbfs_header { The meaning of each member is as follows: -'magic' is a 32 bit number that identifies the ROM as a CBFS type. The +'magic' is a 32 bit number that identifies the ROM as a CBFS type. The magic number is 0x4F524243, which is 'ORBC' in ASCII. @@ -160,7 +160,7 @@ number is 0x4F524243, which is 'ORBC' in ASCII. 0xFFFFFFFF to locate the beginning of the ROM in memory. 'align' is the number of bytes that each component is aligned to within the-ROM. This is used to make sure that each component is aligned correctly +ROM. This is used to make sure that each component is aligned correctly with regards to the erase block sizes on the ROM - allowing one to replace a component at runtime without disturbing the others.@@ -170,7 +170,7 @@ the ROM). This is to allow for arbitrary space to be left at the beginning of the ROM for things like embedded controller firmware. = Bootblock =-The bootblock is a mandatory component in the ROM. It is located in the +The bootblock is a mandatory component in the ROM. It is located in the last 20k of the ROM space, and contains, among other things, the location of the master header and the entry point for the loader firmware. The bootblock@@ -179,11 +179,11 @@ does not have a component header attached to it. = Components = CBFS components are placed in the ROM starting at 'offset' specified in-the master header and ending at the bootblock. Thus the total size +the master header and ending at the bootblock. Thus the total size available for components in the ROM is (ROM size - 20k - 'offset'). Each CBFS component is to be aligned according to the 'align' value in the header.-Thus, if a component of size 1052 is located at offset 0 with an 'align' +Thus, if a component of size 1052 is located at offset 0 with an 'align' value of 1024, the next component will be located at offset 2048. @@ -214,12 +214,12 @@ below. 'checksum' is a 32bit checksum of the entire component, including the header and name. -'offset' is the start of the component data, based off the start of the +'offset' is the start of the component data, based off the start of the header. The difference between the size of the header and offset is the size of the component name. -Immediately following the header will be the name of the component, +Immediately following the header will be the name of the component, which will null terminated and 16 byte aligned. The following picture shows the structure of the header:@@ -248,7 +248,7 @@ component was found. Upon recognizing a component, the software then has to search for the specific name of the component. This is accomplished by comparing the desired name with the string on the component located at-offset + sizeof(struct cbfs_file). If the string matches, then the +offset + sizeof(struct cbfs_file). If the string matches, then the component has been located, otherwise the software should add 'offset' + 'len' to the offset and resume the search for the magic value.diff --git a/documentation/codeflow.svg b/documentation/codeflow.svgindex eccf19dbb..bed959975 100644--- a/documentation/codeflow.svg+++ b/documentation/codeflow.svg@@ -97,7 +97,7 @@ - @@ -117,7 +117,7 @@ - @@ -137,7 +137,7 @@ - @@ -157,7 +157,7 @@ - @@ -177,7 +177,7 @@ - @@ -197,7 +197,7 @@ - @@ -217,7 +217,7 @@ -