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authorGabe Black <gabeblack@google.com>2013-10-01 05:20:17 -0700
committerIsaac Christensen <isaac.christensen@se-eng.com>2014-09-09 19:49:31 +0200
commitf2f817ed1d5494b8ded166306564d16673fbf02c (patch)
tree779b5e5e058ccfcf4629228aa35196fe6d7f2825 /src
parent70ad39e77524a45109830fdcba53143b0e0e2723 (diff)
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ARM: Add an ARMv4 architecture version.
This is needed for the tegra124's bootblock and includes enough implementation to support that use. No caching is supported, although there are function prototypes and stub implementations to satisfy includes and linking. Change-Id: Ib79dde8c30eda98b3e823cba2ff6115a610bb2e8 Signed-off-by: Gabe Black <gabeblack@google.com> Reviewed-on: https://chromium-review.googlesource.com/171401 Reviewed-by: Gabe Black <gabeblack@chromium.org> Tested-by: Gabe Black <gabeblack@chromium.org> Commit-Queue: Gabe Black <gabeblack@chromium.org> (cherry picked from commit 221dc76b3ce4c1d73851c432333e091e1c60f0cb) Signed-off-by: Isaac Christensen <isaac.christensen@se-eng.com> Reviewed-on: http://review.coreboot.org/6783 Tested-by: build bot (Jenkins) Reviewed-by: Ronald G. Minnich <rminnich@gmail.com> Reviewed-by: Paul Menzel <paulepanter@users.sourceforge.net>
Diffstat (limited to 'src')
-rw-r--r--src/arch/arm/Kconfig1
-rw-r--r--src/arch/arm/Makefile.inc2
-rw-r--r--src/arch/arm/armv4/Kconfig11
-rw-r--r--src/arch/arm/armv4/Makefile.inc63
-rw-r--r--src/arch/arm/armv4/bootblock.S98
-rw-r--r--src/arch/arm/armv4/bootblock_simple.c43
-rw-r--r--src/arch/arm/armv4/cache.c81
-rw-r--r--src/arch/arm/include/armv4/arch/arch_io.h58
-rw-r--r--src/arch/arm/include/armv4/arch/cache.h94
9 files changed, 450 insertions, 1 deletions
diff --git a/src/arch/arm/Kconfig b/src/arch/arm/Kconfig
index 050cd62a2..7ec581241 100644
--- a/src/arch/arm/Kconfig
+++ b/src/arch/arm/Kconfig
@@ -11,6 +11,7 @@ config ARCH_RAMSTAGE_ARM
bool
default n
+source src/arch/arm/armv4/Kconfig
source src/arch/arm/armv7/Kconfig
# If a custom bootblock is necessary, this option should be "select"-ed by
diff --git a/src/arch/arm/Makefile.inc b/src/arch/arm/Makefile.inc
index 8838edfd4..09f2fd3f5 100644
--- a/src/arch/arm/Makefile.inc
+++ b/src/arch/arm/Makefile.inc
@@ -23,7 +23,7 @@
###############################################################################
# Take care of subdirectories
###############################################################################
-subdirs-y += armv7/
+subdirs-y += armv4/ armv7/
###############################################################################
# ARM specific options
diff --git a/src/arch/arm/armv4/Kconfig b/src/arch/arm/armv4/Kconfig
new file mode 100644
index 000000000..e40a6e1af
--- /dev/null
+++ b/src/arch/arm/armv4/Kconfig
@@ -0,0 +1,11 @@
+config ARCH_BOOTBLOCK_ARMV4
+ def_bool n
+ select ARCH_BOOTBLOCK_ARM
+
+config ARCH_ROMSTAGE_ARMV4
+ def_bool n
+ select ARCH_ROMSTAGE_ARM
+
+config ARCH_RAMSTAGE_ARMV4
+ def_bool n
+ select ARCH_RAMSTAGE_ARM
diff --git a/src/arch/arm/armv4/Makefile.inc b/src/arch/arm/armv4/Makefile.inc
new file mode 100644
index 000000000..d054b31e4
--- /dev/null
+++ b/src/arch/arm/armv4/Makefile.inc
@@ -0,0 +1,63 @@
+################################################################################
+##
+## This file is part of the coreboot project.
+##
+## Copyright (C) 2013 The ChromiumOS Authors
+##
+## This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
+## it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
+## the Free Software Foundation; version 2 of the License.
+##
+## This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
+## but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
+## MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the
+## GNU General Public License for more details.
+##
+## You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
+## along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software
+## Foundation, Inc., 51 Franklin St, Fifth Floor, Boston, MA 02110-1301 USA
+##
+###############################################################################
+
+armv4_flags = -marm -march=armv4t -I$(src)/arch/arm/include/armv4/
+
+###############################################################################
+# bootblock
+###############################################################################
+
+ifeq ($(CONFIG_ARCH_BOOTBLOCK_ARMV4),y)
+
+ifneq ($(CONFIG_ARM_BOOTBLOCK_CUSTOM),y)
+bootblock-y += bootblock.S
+bootblock-y += bootblock_simple.c
+endif
+
+bootblock-y += cache.c
+
+CFLAGS_bootblock += $(armv4_flags)
+CPPFLAGS_bootblock += $(armv4_flags)
+
+endif # CONFIG_ARCH_BOOTBLOCK_ARMV4
+
+###############################################################################
+# romstage
+###############################################################################
+
+ifeq ($(CONFIG_ARCH_ROMSTAGE_ARMV4),y)
+
+
+CFLAGS_romstage += $(armv4_flags)
+CPPFLAGS_romstage += $(armv4_flags)
+
+endif # CONFIG_ARCH_ROMSTAGE_ARMV4
+
+###############################################################################
+# ramstage
+###############################################################################
+
+ifeq ($(CONFIG_ARCH_RAMSTAGE_ARMV4),y)
+
+CFLAGS_ramstage += $(armv4_flags)
+CPPFLAGS_ramstage += $(armv4_flags)
+
+endif # CONFIG_ARCH_RAMSTAGE_ARMV4
diff --git a/src/arch/arm/armv4/bootblock.S b/src/arch/arm/armv4/bootblock.S
new file mode 100644
index 000000000..5f7de13ee
--- /dev/null
+++ b/src/arch/arm/armv4/bootblock.S
@@ -0,0 +1,98 @@
+/*
+ * Early initialization code for ARM architecture.
+ *
+ * This file is based off of the OMAP3530/ARM Cortex start.S file from Das
+ * U-Boot, which itself got the file from armboot.
+ *
+ * Copyright (c) 2004 Texas Instruments <r-woodruff2@ti.com>
+ * Copyright (c) 2001 Marius Gröger <mag@sysgo.de>
+ * Copyright (c) 2002 Alex Züpke <azu@sysgo.de>
+ * Copyright (c) 2002 Gary Jennejohn <garyj@denx.de>
+ * Copyright (c) 2003 Richard Woodruff <r-woodruff2@ti.com>
+ * Copyright (c) 2003 Kshitij <kshitij@ti.com>
+ * Copyright (c) 2006-2008 Syed Mohammed Khasim <x0khasim@ti.com>
+ * Copyright (c) 2013 The Chromium OS Authors
+ *
+ * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
+ * modify it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as
+ * published by the Free Software Foundation; version 2 of
+ * the License.
+ *
+ * This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
+ * but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
+ * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the
+ * GNU General Public License for more details.
+ *
+ * You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
+ * along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software
+ * Foundation, Inc., 59 Temple Place, Suite 330, Boston,
+ * MA 02111-1307 USA
+ */
+
+.section ".start", "a", %progbits
+.globl _start
+_start: b reset
+ .balignl 16,0xdeadbeef
+
+_cbfs_master_header:
+ /* The CBFS master header is inserted by cbfstool at the first
+ * aligned offset after the above anchor string is found.
+ * Hence, we leave some space for it.
+ */
+ .skip 128 @ Assumes 64-byte alignment
+
+reset:
+ /*
+ * Set the cpu to System mode with IRQ and FIQ disabled. Prefetch/Data
+ * aborts may happen early and crash before the abort handlers are
+ * installed, but at least the problem will show up near the code that
+ * causes it.
+ */
+ msr cpsr_cxf, #0xdf
+
+ /*
+ * Initialize the stack to a known value. This is used to check for
+ * stack overflow later in the boot process.
+ */
+ ldr r0, .Stack
+ ldr r1, .Stack_size
+ sub r0, r0, r1
+ ldr r1, .Stack
+ ldr r2, =0xdeadbeef
+init_stack_loop:
+ str r2, [r0]
+ add r0, #4
+ cmp r0, r1
+ bne init_stack_loop
+
+/* Set stackpointer in internal RAM to call board_init_f */
+call_bootblock:
+ ldr sp, .Stack /* Set up stack pointer */
+ ldr r0,=0x00000000
+ /*
+ * The current design of cpu_info places the
+ * struct at the top of the stack. The number of
+ * words pushed must be at least as large as that
+ * struct.
+ */
+ push {r0-r2}
+ bic sp, sp, #7 /* 8-byte alignment for ABI compliance */
+ /*
+ * Use "bl" instead of "b" even though we do not intend to return.
+ * "bl" gets compiled to "blx" if we're transitioning from ARM to
+ * Thumb. However, "b" will not and GCC may attempt to create a
+ * wrapper which is currently broken.
+ */
+ bl main
+
+/* we do it this way because it's a 32-bit constant and
+ * in some cases too far away to be loaded as just an offset
+ * from IP
+ */
+.align 2
+.Stack:
+ .word CONFIG_STACK_TOP
+.align 2
+/* create this size the same way we do in coreboot_ram.ld: top-bottom */
+.Stack_size:
+ .word CONFIG_STACK_TOP - CONFIG_STACK_BOTTOM
diff --git a/src/arch/arm/armv4/bootblock_simple.c b/src/arch/arm/armv4/bootblock_simple.c
new file mode 100644
index 000000000..9917dbb5a
--- /dev/null
+++ b/src/arch/arm/armv4/bootblock_simple.c
@@ -0,0 +1,43 @@
+/*
+ * This file is part of the coreboot project.
+ *
+ * Copyright 2010 Google Inc.
+ *
+ * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
+ * modify it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as
+ * published by the Free Software Foundation; version 2 of
+ * the License.
+ *
+ * This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
+ * but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
+ * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the
+ * GNU General Public License for more details.
+ *
+ * You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
+ * along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software
+ * Foundation, Inc., 51 Franklin St, Fifth Floor, Boston,
+ * MA 02110-1301 USA
+ */
+
+#include <arch/hlt.h>
+#include <arch/stages.h>
+#include <bootblock_common.h>
+#include <cbfs.h>
+#include <console/console.h>
+
+void main(void)
+{
+ const char *stage_name = "fallback/romstage";
+ void *entry;
+
+ bootblock_cpu_init();
+ bootblock_mainboard_init();
+
+ if (CONFIG_BOOTBLOCK_CONSOLE)
+ console_init();
+
+ entry = cbfs_load_stage(CBFS_DEFAULT_MEDIA, stage_name);
+
+ if (entry) stage_exit(entry);
+ hlt();
+}
diff --git a/src/arch/arm/armv4/cache.c b/src/arch/arm/armv4/cache.c
new file mode 100644
index 000000000..729b82c41
--- /dev/null
+++ b/src/arch/arm/armv4/cache.c
@@ -0,0 +1,81 @@
+/*
+ * This file is part of the coreboot project.
+ *
+ * Copyright 2013 Google Inc.
+ *
+ * Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without
+ * modification, are permitted provided that the following conditions
+ * are met:
+ * 1. Redistributions of source code must retain the above copyright
+ * notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer.
+ * 2. Redistributions in binary form must reproduce the above copyright
+ * notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer in the
+ * documentation and/or other materials provided with the distribution.
+ * 3. The name of the author may not be used to endorse or promote products
+ * derived from this software without specific prior written permission.
+ *
+ * THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY THE AUTHOR AND CONTRIBUTORS ``AS IS'' AND
+ * ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE
+ * IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE
+ * ARE DISCLAIMED. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE AUTHOR OR CONTRIBUTORS BE LIABLE
+ * FOR ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL, SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, OR CONSEQUENTIAL
+ * DAMAGES (INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, PROCUREMENT OF SUBSTITUTE GOODS
+ * OR SERVICES; LOSS OF USE, DATA, OR PROFITS; OR BUSINESS INTERRUPTION)
+ * HOWEVER CAUSED AND ON ANY THEORY OF LIABILITY, WHETHER IN CONTRACT, STRICT
+ * LIABILITY, OR TORT (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE) ARISING IN ANY WAY
+ * OUT OF THE USE OF THIS SOFTWARE, EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF
+ * SUCH DAMAGE.
+ *
+ * cache.c: Cache maintenance routines for ARMv7-A and ARMv7-R
+ *
+ * Reference: ARM Architecture Reference Manual, ARMv7-A and ARMv7-R edition
+ */
+
+#include <stdint.h>
+
+#include <arch/cache.h>
+
+void tlb_invalidate_all(void)
+{
+}
+
+void icache_invalidate_all(void)
+{
+}
+
+void dcache_clean_all(void)
+{
+}
+
+void dcache_clean_invalidate_all(void)
+{
+}
+
+void dcache_invalidate_all(void)
+{
+}
+
+void dcache_clean_by_mva(void const *addr, size_t len)
+{
+}
+
+void dcache_clean_invalidate_by_mva(void const *addr, size_t len)
+{
+}
+
+void dcache_invalidate_by_mva(void const *addr, size_t len)
+{
+}
+
+void dcache_mmu_disable(void)
+{
+}
+
+
+void dcache_mmu_enable(void)
+{
+}
+
+void arm_invalidate_caches(void)
+{
+}
diff --git a/src/arch/arm/include/armv4/arch/arch_io.h b/src/arch/arm/include/armv4/arch/arch_io.h
new file mode 100644
index 000000000..72653da3f
--- /dev/null
+++ b/src/arch/arm/include/armv4/arch/arch_io.h
@@ -0,0 +1,58 @@
+/*
+ * Originally imported from linux/include/asm-arm/io.h. This file has changed
+ * substantially since then.
+ *
+ * Copyright 2013 Google Inc.
+ * Copyright (C) 1996-2000 Russell King
+ *
+ * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
+ * it under the terms of the GNU General Public License version 2 as
+ * published by the Free Software Foundation.
+ *
+ * Modifications:
+ * 08-Apr-2013 G Replaced several macros with inlines for type safety.
+ * 16-Sep-1996 RMK Inlined the inx/outx functions & optimised for both
+ * constant addresses and variable addresses.
+ * 04-Dec-1997 RMK Moved a lot of this stuff to the new architecture
+ * specific IO header files.
+ * 27-Mar-1999 PJB Second parameter of memcpy_toio is const..
+ * 04-Apr-1999 PJB Added check_signature.
+ * 12-Dec-1999 RMK More cleanups
+ * 18-Jun-2000 RMK Removed virt_to_* and friends definitions
+ */
+#ifndef __ASM_ARM_ARCH_IO_H
+#define __ASM_ARM_ARCH_IO_H
+
+#include <stdint.h>
+
+static inline uint8_t read8(const void *addr)
+{
+ return *(volatile uint8_t *)addr;
+}
+
+static inline uint16_t read16(const void *addr)
+{
+ return *(volatile uint16_t *)addr;
+}
+
+static inline uint32_t read32(const void *addr)
+{
+ return *(volatile uint32_t *)addr;
+}
+
+static inline void write8(uint8_t val, void *addr)
+{
+ *(volatile uint8_t *)addr = val;
+}
+
+static inline void write16(uint16_t val, void *addr)
+{
+ *(volatile uint16_t *)addr = val;
+}
+
+static inline void write32(uint32_t val, void *addr)
+{
+ *(volatile uint32_t *)addr = val;
+}
+
+#endif /* __ASM_ARM_ARCH_IO_H */
diff --git a/src/arch/arm/include/armv4/arch/cache.h b/src/arch/arm/include/armv4/arch/cache.h
new file mode 100644
index 000000000..db4379a4c
--- /dev/null
+++ b/src/arch/arm/include/armv4/arch/cache.h
@@ -0,0 +1,94 @@
+/*
+ * This file is part of the coreboot project.
+ *
+ * Copyright 2013 Google Inc.
+ *
+ * Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without
+ * modification, are permitted provided that the following conditions
+ * are met:
+ * 1. Redistributions of source code must retain the above copyright
+ * notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer.
+ * 2. Redistributions in binary form must reproduce the above copyright
+ * notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer in the
+ * documentation and/or other materials provided with the distribution.
+ * 3. The name of the author may not be used to endorse or promote products
+ * derived from this software without specific prior written permission.
+ *
+ * THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY THE AUTHOR AND CONTRIBUTORS ``AS IS'' AND
+ * ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE
+ * IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE
+ * ARE DISCLAIMED. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE AUTHOR OR CONTRIBUTORS BE LIABLE
+ * FOR ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL, SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, OR CONSEQUENTIAL
+ * DAMAGES (INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, PROCUREMENT OF SUBSTITUTE GOODS
+ * OR SERVICES; LOSS OF USE, DATA, OR PROFITS; OR BUSINESS INTERRUPTION)
+ * HOWEVER CAUSED AND ON ANY THEORY OF LIABILITY, WHETHER IN CONTRACT, STRICT
+ * LIABILITY, OR TORT (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE) ARISING IN ANY WAY
+ * OUT OF THE USE OF THIS SOFTWARE, EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF
+ * SUCH DAMAGE.
+ *
+ * cache.h: Cache maintenance API for ARM
+ */
+
+#ifndef ARM_CACHE_H
+#define ARM_CACHE_H
+
+#include <config.h>
+#include <stddef.h>
+#include <stdint.h>
+
+/*
+ * Cache maintenance API
+ */
+
+/* dcache clean and invalidate all (on current level given by CCSELR) */
+void dcache_clean_invalidate_all(void);
+
+/* dcache clean by modified virtual address to PoC */
+void dcache_clean_by_mva(void const *addr, size_t len);
+
+/* dcache clean and invalidate by modified virtual address to PoC */
+void dcache_clean_invalidate_by_mva(void const *addr, size_t len);
+
+/* dcache invalidate by modified virtual address to PoC */
+void dcache_invalidate_by_mva(void const *addr, size_t len);
+
+void dcache_clean_all(void);
+
+/* dcache invalidate all (on current level given by CCSELR) */
+void dcache_invalidate_all(void);
+
+/* dcache and MMU disable */
+void dcache_mmu_disable(void);
+
+/* dcache and MMU enable */
+void dcache_mmu_enable(void);
+
+/* icache invalidate all (on current level given by CSSELR) */
+void icache_invalidate_all(void);
+
+/* tlb invalidate all */
+void tlb_invalidate_all(void);
+
+/*
+ * Generalized setup/init functions
+ */
+
+/* invalidate all caches on ARM */
+void arm_invalidate_caches(void);
+
+/* mmu initialization (set page table address, set permissions, etc) */
+void mmu_init(void);
+
+enum dcache_policy {
+ DCACHE_OFF,
+ DCACHE_WRITEBACK,
+ DCACHE_WRITETHROUGH,
+};
+
+/* disable the mmu for a range. Primarily useful to lock out address 0. */
+void mmu_disable_range(unsigned long start_mb, unsigned long size_mb);
+/* mmu range configuration (set dcache policy) */
+void mmu_config_range(unsigned long start_mb, unsigned long size_mb,
+ enum dcache_policy policy);
+
+#endif /* ARM_CACHE_H */