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authorJoseph Lo <josephl@nvidia.com>2015-04-14 16:03:58 +0800
committerPatrick Georgi <pgeorgi@google.com>2015-04-27 07:44:49 +0200
commitc4301f79691995dfedb56cb3e20adea3ecd8f596 (patch)
tree798d7561c82ce946ebca4e81028b8d178440d5bc /src/arch
parent53a2f6078ac28738b6b52148eb8d90b2fc4132b5 (diff)
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arm64: introduce data cache ops by set/way to the level specified
This patchs introduces level specific data cache maintenance operations to cache_helpers.S. It's derived form ARM trusted firmware repository. Please reference here. https://github.com/ARM-software/arm-trusted-firmware/blob/master/ lib/aarch64/cache_helpers.S BRANCH=none BUG=none TEST=boot on smaug/foster Change-Id: Ib58a6d6f95eb51ce5d80749ff51d9d389b0d1343 Signed-off-by: Patrick Georgi <pgeorgi@chromium.org> Original-Commit-Id: b3d1a16bd0089740f1f2257146c771783beece82 Original-Change-Id: Ifcd1dbcd868331107d0d47af73545a3a159fdff6 Original-Signed-off-by: Joseph Lo <josephl@nvidia.com> Original-Reviewed-on: https://chromium-review.googlesource.com/265826 Original-Reviewed-by: Aaron Durbin <adurbin@chromium.org> Reviewed-on: http://review.coreboot.org/9979 Tested-by: build bot (Jenkins) Reviewed-by: Marc Jones <marc.jones@se-eng.com>
Diffstat (limited to 'src/arch')
-rw-r--r--src/arch/arm64/armv8/Makefile.inc4
-rw-r--r--src/arch/arm64/armv8/cache.c5
-rw-r--r--src/arch/arm64/armv8/cache_helpers.S123
-rw-r--r--src/arch/arm64/armv8/cpu.S59
-rw-r--r--src/arch/arm64/armv8/secmon/Makefile.inc1
-rw-r--r--src/arch/arm64/include/arch/cache_helpers.h47
-rw-r--r--src/arch/arm64/include/armv8/arch/cache.h5
7 files changed, 184 insertions, 60 deletions
diff --git a/src/arch/arm64/armv8/Makefile.inc b/src/arch/arm64/armv8/Makefile.inc
index 5532b47a1..d04392155 100644
--- a/src/arch/arm64/armv8/Makefile.inc
+++ b/src/arch/arm64/armv8/Makefile.inc
@@ -37,6 +37,7 @@ bootblock-y += bootblock.S
bootblock-y += bootblock_simple.c
endif
bootblock-y += cache.c
+bootblock-y += cache_helpers.S
bootblock-y += cpu.S
bootblock-$(CONFIG_BOOTBLOCK_CONSOLE) += exception.c
@@ -52,6 +53,7 @@ ifeq ($(CONFIG_ARCH_VERSTAGE_ARMV8_64),y)
verstage-y += cache.c
verstage-y += cpu.S
+verstage-y += cache_helpers.S
verstage-y += exception.c
verstage-c-ccopts += $(armv8_flags)
@@ -65,6 +67,7 @@ endif
ifeq ($(CONFIG_ARCH_ROMSTAGE_ARMV8_64),y)
romstage-y += cache.c
+romstage-y += cache_helpers.S
romstage-y += cpu.S
romstage-y += exception.c
@@ -82,6 +85,7 @@ endif
ifeq ($(CONFIG_ARCH_RAMSTAGE_ARMV8_64),y)
ramstage-y += cache.c
+ramstage-y += cache_helpers.S
ramstage-y += cpu.S
ramstage-y += exception.c
ramstage-y += mmu.c
diff --git a/src/arch/arm64/armv8/cache.c b/src/arch/arm64/armv8/cache.c
index d568f261e..db9b3882b 100644
--- a/src/arch/arm64/armv8/cache.c
+++ b/src/arch/arm64/armv8/cache.c
@@ -34,6 +34,7 @@
#include <stdint.h>
#include <arch/cache.h>
+#include <arch/cache_helpers.h>
#include <arch/lib_helpers.h>
void tlb_invalidate_all(void)
@@ -126,7 +127,7 @@ void dcache_mmu_disable(void)
{
uint32_t sctlr;
- flush_dcache_all();
+ flush_dcache_all(DCCISW);
sctlr = raw_read_sctlr_current();
sctlr &= ~(SCTLR_C | SCTLR_M);
raw_write_sctlr_current(sctlr);
@@ -143,6 +144,6 @@ void dcache_mmu_enable(void)
void cache_sync_instructions(void)
{
- flush_dcache_all(); /* includes trailing DSB (in assembly) */
+ flush_dcache_all(DCCISW); /* includes trailing DSB (in assembly) */
icache_invalidate_all(); /* includdes leading DSB and trailing ISB. */
}
diff --git a/src/arch/arm64/armv8/cache_helpers.S b/src/arch/arm64/armv8/cache_helpers.S
new file mode 100644
index 000000000..dc74dad04
--- /dev/null
+++ b/src/arch/arm64/armv8/cache_helpers.S
@@ -0,0 +1,123 @@
+/*
+ * Copyright (c) 2013-2014, ARM Limited and Contributors. All rights reserved.
+ * Copyright (c) 2015, NVIDIA CORPORATION. All rights reserved
+ *
+ * Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without
+ * modification, are permitted provided that the following conditions are met:
+ *
+ * Redistributions of source code must retain the above copyright notice, this
+ * list of conditions and the following disclaimer.
+ *
+ * Redistributions in binary form must reproduce the above copyright notice,
+ * this list of conditions and the following disclaimer in the documentation
+ * and/or other materials provided with the distribution.
+ *
+ * Neither the name of ARM nor the names of its contributors may be used
+ * to endorse or promote products derived from this software without specific
+ * prior written permission.
+ *
+ * THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY THE COPYRIGHT HOLDERS AND CONTRIBUTORS "AS IS"
+ * AND ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE
+ * IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE
+ * ARE DISCLAIMED. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE COPYRIGHT HOLDER OR CONTRIBUTORS BE
+ * LIABLE FOR ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL, SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, OR
+ * CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES (INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, PROCUREMENT OF
+ * SUBSTITUTE GOODS OR SERVICES; LOSS OF USE, DATA, OR PROFITS; OR BUSINESS
+ * INTERRUPTION) HOWEVER CAUSED AND ON ANY THEORY OF LIABILITY, WHETHER IN
+ * CONTRACT, STRICT LIABILITY, OR TORT (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE)
+ * ARISING IN ANY WAY OUT OF THE USE OF THIS SOFTWARE, EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE
+ * POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGE.
+ */
+
+#include <arch/asm.h>
+#include <arch/cache_helpers.h>
+
+ /* ---------------------------------------------------------------
+ * Data cache operations by set/way to the level specified
+ *
+ * The main function, do_dcsw_op requires:
+ * x0: The operation type (0-2), as defined in cache_helpers.h
+ * x3: The last cache level to operate on
+ * x9: clidr_el1
+ * and will carry out the operation on each data cache from level 0
+ * to the level in x3 in sequence
+ *
+ * The dcsw_op macro sets up the x3 and x9 parameters based on
+ * clidr_el1 cache information before invoking the main function
+ * ---------------------------------------------------------------
+ */
+
+.macro dcsw_op shift, fw, ls
+ mrs x9, clidr_el1
+ ubfx x3, x9, \shift, \fw
+ lsl x3, x3, \ls
+ b do_dcsw_op
+.endm
+
+do_dcsw_op:
+ cbz x3, exit
+ mov x10, xzr
+ adr x14, dcsw_loop_table // compute inner loop address
+ add x14, x14, x0, lsl #5 // inner loop is 8x32-bit instructions
+ mov x0, x9
+ mov w8, #1
+loop1:
+ add x2, x10, x10, lsr #1 // work out 3x current cache level
+ lsr x1, x0, x2 // extract cache type bits from clidr
+ and x1, x1, #7 // mask the bits for current cache only
+ cmp x1, #2 // see what cache we have at this level
+ b.lt level_done // nothing to do if no cache or icache
+
+ msr csselr_el1, x10 // select current cache level in csselr
+ isb // isb to sych the new cssr&csidr
+ mrs x1, ccsidr_el1 // read the new ccsidr
+ and x2, x1, #7 // extract the length of the cache lines
+ add x2, x2, #4 // add 4 (line length offset)
+ ubfx x4, x1, #3, #10 // maximum way number
+ clz w5, w4 // bit position of way size increment
+ lsl w9, w4, w5 // w9 = aligned max way number
+ lsl w16, w8, w5 // w16 = way number loop decrement
+ orr w9, w10, w9 // w9 = combine way and cache number
+ ubfx w6, w1, #13, #15 // w6 = max set number
+ lsl w17, w8, w2 // w17 = set number loop decrement
+ dsb sy // barrier before we start this level
+ br x14 // jump to DC operation specific loop
+
+level_done:
+ add x10, x10, #2 // increment cache number
+ cmp x3, x10
+ b.gt loop1
+ msr csselr_el1, xzr // select cache level 0 in csselr
+ dsb sy // barrier to complete final cache operation
+ isb
+exit:
+ ret
+
+.macro dcsw_loop _op
+loop2_\_op:
+ lsl w7, w6, w2 // w7 = aligned max set number
+
+loop3_\_op:
+ orr w11, w9, w7 // combine cache, way and set number
+ dc \_op, x11
+ subs w7, w7, w17 // decrement set number
+ b.ge loop3_\_op
+
+ subs x9, x9, x16 // decrement way number
+ b.ge loop2_\_op
+
+ b level_done
+.endm
+
+dcsw_loop_table:
+ dcsw_loop isw
+ dcsw_loop cisw
+ dcsw_loop csw
+
+ENTRY(flush_dcache_louis)
+ dcsw_op #LOUIS_SHIFT, #CLIDR_FIELD_WIDTH, #LEVEL_SHIFT
+ENDPROC(flush_dcache_louis)
+
+ENTRY(flush_dcache_all)
+ dcsw_op #LOC_SHIFT, #CLIDR_FIELD_WIDTH, #LEVEL_SHIFT
+ENDPROC(flush_dcache_all)
diff --git a/src/arch/arm64/armv8/cpu.S b/src/arch/arm64/armv8/cpu.S
index 1eecc2b0d..80e083e58 100644
--- a/src/arch/arm64/armv8/cpu.S
+++ b/src/arch/arm64/armv8/cpu.S
@@ -19,63 +19,7 @@
*/
#include <arch/asm.h>
-
-/*
- * flush_dcache_all()
- *
- * Flush the whole D-cache.
- *
- * Corrupted registers: x0-x7, x9-x11
- * From: Linux arch/arm64/mm/cache.S
- */
-ENTRY(flush_dcache_all)
- dsb sy // ensure ordering with previous memory accesses
- mrs x0, clidr_el1 // read clidr
- and x3, x0, #0x7000000 // extract loc from clidr
- lsr x3, x3, #23 // left align loc bit field
- cbz x3, finished // if loc is 0, then no need to clean
- mov x10, #0 // start clean at cache level 0
-loop1:
- add x2, x10, x10, lsr #1 // work out 3x current cache level
- lsr x1, x0, x2 // extract cache type bits from clidr
- and x1, x1, #7 // mask of the bits for current cache only
- cmp x1, #2 // see what cache we have at this level
- b.lt skip // skip if no cache, or just i-cache
- mrs x9, daif // make CSSELR and CCSIDR access atomic
- msr csselr_el1, x10 // select current cache level in csselr
- isb // isb to sych the new cssr&csidr
- mrs x1, ccsidr_el1 // read the new ccsidr
- msr daif, x9
- and x2, x1, #7 // extract the length of the cache lines
- add x2, x2, #4 // add 4 (line length offset)
- mov x4, #0x3ff
- and x4, x4, x1, lsr #3 // find maximum number on the way size
- clz x5, x4 // find bit position of way size increment
- mov x7, #0x7fff
- and x7, x7, x1, lsr #13 // extract max number of the index size
-loop2:
- mov x9, x4 // create working copy of max way size
-loop3:
- lsl x6, x9, x5
- orr x11, x10, x6 // factor way and cache number into x11
- lsl x6, x7, x2
- orr x11, x11, x6 // factor index number into x11
- dc cisw, x11 // clean & invalidate by set/way
- subs x9, x9, #1 // decrement the way
- b.ge loop3
- subs x7, x7, #1 // decrement the index
- b.ge loop2
-skip:
- add x10, x10, #2 // increment cache number
- cmp x3, x10
- b.gt loop1
-finished:
- mov x10, #0 // swith back to cache level 0
- msr csselr_el1, x10 // select current cache level in csselr
- dsb sy
- isb
- ret
-ENDPROC(flush_dcache_all)
+#include <arch/cache_helpers.h>
/*
* Bring an ARMv8 processor we just gained control of (e.g. from IROM) into a
@@ -92,6 +36,7 @@ ENTRY(arm_init_caches)
/* FIXME: How to enable branch prediction on ARMv8? */
/* Flush and invalidate dcache */
+ mov x0, #DCCISW
bl flush_dcache_all
/* Deactivate MMU (0), Alignment Check (1) and DCache (2) */
diff --git a/src/arch/arm64/armv8/secmon/Makefile.inc b/src/arch/arm64/armv8/secmon/Makefile.inc
index ace00b441..11dcb9a1a 100644
--- a/src/arch/arm64/armv8/secmon/Makefile.inc
+++ b/src/arch/arm64/armv8/secmon/Makefile.inc
@@ -35,6 +35,7 @@ secmon-y += psci.c
secmon-y += smc.c
secmon-y += trampoline.S
secmon-y += ../cache.c
+secmon-y += ../cache_helpers.S
secmon-y += ../cpu.S
secmon-y += ../exception.c
secmon-y += ../../cpu.c
diff --git a/src/arch/arm64/include/arch/cache_helpers.h b/src/arch/arm64/include/arch/cache_helpers.h
new file mode 100644
index 000000000..2919d9949
--- /dev/null
+++ b/src/arch/arm64/include/arch/cache_helpers.h
@@ -0,0 +1,47 @@
+/*
+ * Copyright (c) 2013-2014, ARM Limited and Contributors. All rights reserved.
+ * Copyright (c) 2015, NVIDIA CORPORATION. All rights reserved
+ *
+ * Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without
+ * modification, are permitted provided that the following conditions are met:
+ *
+ * Redistributions of source code must retain the above copyright notice, this
+ * list of conditions and the following disclaimer.
+ *
+ * Redistributions in binary form must reproduce the above copyright notice,
+ * this list of conditions and the following disclaimer in the documentation
+ * and/or other materials provided with the distribution.
+ *
+ * Neither the name of ARM nor the names of its contributors may be used
+ * to endorse or promote products derived from this software without specific
+ * prior written permission.
+ *
+ * THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY THE COPYRIGHT HOLDERS AND CONTRIBUTORS "AS IS"
+ * AND ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE
+ * IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE
+ * ARE DISCLAIMED. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE COPYRIGHT HOLDER OR CONTRIBUTORS BE
+ * LIABLE FOR ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL, SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, OR
+ * CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES (INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, PROCUREMENT OF
+ * SUBSTITUTE GOODS OR SERVICES; LOSS OF USE, DATA, OR PROFITS; OR BUSINESS
+ * INTERRUPTION) HOWEVER CAUSED AND ON ANY THEORY OF LIABILITY, WHETHER IN
+ * CONTRACT, STRICT LIABILITY, OR TORT (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE)
+ * ARISING IN ANY WAY OUT OF THE USE OF THIS SOFTWARE, EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE
+ * POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGE.
+ */
+
+#ifndef __CACHE_HELPERS_H
+
+/* CLIDR definitions */
+#define LOUIS_SHIFT 21
+#define LOC_SHIFT 24
+#define CLIDR_FIELD_WIDTH 3
+
+/* CSSELR definitions */
+#define LEVEL_SHIFT 1
+
+/* D$ set/way op type defines */
+#define DCISW 0x0
+#define DCCISW 0x1
+#define DCCSW 0x2
+
+#endif /* __CACHE_HELPERS_H */
diff --git a/src/arch/arm64/include/armv8/arch/cache.h b/src/arch/arm64/include/armv8/arch/cache.h
index 27fe8e059..5e2a4a186 100644
--- a/src/arch/arm64/include/armv8/arch/cache.h
+++ b/src/arch/arm64/include/armv8/arch/cache.h
@@ -69,7 +69,10 @@ void dcache_clean_invalidate_by_mva(void const *addr, size_t len);
void dcache_invalidate_by_mva(void const *addr, size_t len);
/* dcache invalidate all */
-void flush_dcache_all(void);
+void flush_dcache_all(int op_type);
+
+/* flush the dcache up to the Level of Unification Inner Shareable */
+void flush_dcache_louis(int op_type);
/* returns number of bytes per cache line */
unsigned int dcache_line_bytes(void);