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authorJulius Werner <jwerner@chromium.org>2013-09-13 18:21:46 -0700
committerIsaac Christensen <isaac.christensen@se-eng.com>2014-08-14 23:41:44 +0200
commit9665d389e453d852eef4bc4ae3699ee11d15c999 (patch)
tree3c721f5770383a8e48da93e90d6929f205b5d09c
parent1f86434227beaf9806de86269f8b42eed817ae3a (diff)
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libpayload: dma_malloc: Prevent warm reboot problems and add debugging
Since the DMA memory is allocated by Coreboot (outside of the payload's linker script), it won't get zeroed upon loading like the heap. Therefore, a warm reboot that doesn't reset memory may leave stale malloc cookies lying around and misinterpret them as memory that is still in use on the next boot. After several boots this may fill up the whole DMA memory and lead to OOM conditions. Therefore, this patch explicitly wipes the first cookie in init_dma_memory() to prevent that from happening. It also expands the existing memory allocator debugging code to cover the DMA parts, which was very helpful in identifying this particular problem. Change-Id: I6e2083c286ff8ec865b22dd922c39c456944b451 Signed-off-by: Julius Werner <jwerner@chromium.org> Reviewed-on: https://chromium-review.googlesource.com/169455 Reviewed-by: Stefan Reinauer <reinauer@google.com> (cherry picked from commit 8e5e1784638563b865553125cd5dab1d36a5d2cb) Signed-off-by: Isaac Christensen <isaac.christensen@se-eng.com> Reviewed-on: http://review.coreboot.org/6645 Tested-by: build bot (Jenkins) Reviewed-by: Stefan Reinauer <stefan.reinauer@coreboot.org> Reviewed-by: Paul Menzel <paulepanter@users.sourceforge.net>
-rw-r--r--payloads/libpayload/include/stdlib.h34
-rw-r--r--payloads/libpayload/libc/malloc.c89
2 files changed, 86 insertions, 37 deletions
diff --git a/payloads/libpayload/include/stdlib.h b/payloads/libpayload/include/stdlib.h
index d3448b96c..1ed92d5cf 100644
--- a/payloads/libpayload/include/stdlib.h
+++ b/payloads/libpayload/include/stdlib.h
@@ -101,7 +101,35 @@
printf("PRE memalign\n"); \
print_malloc_map(); \
ptr = memalign(a,s); \
- printf("POST realloc (ptr = %p)\n", ptr); \
+ printf("POST memalign (ptr = %p)\n", ptr); \
+ print_malloc_map(); \
+ ptr; \
+ })
+#define dma_malloc(s) \
+ ({ \
+ extern void print_malloc_map(void); \
+ extern void *dma_malloc(size_t); \
+ void *ptr; \
+ printf("dma_malloc(%u) called from %s:%s:%d...\n", s, __FILE__, \
+ __func__, __LINE__);\
+ printf("PRE dma_malloc\n"); \
+ print_malloc_map(); \
+ ptr = dma_malloc(s); \
+ printf("POST dma_malloc (ptr = %p)\n", ptr); \
+ print_malloc_map(); \
+ ptr; \
+ })
+#define dma_memalign(a,s) \
+ ({ \
+ extern void print_malloc_map(void); \
+ extern void *dma_memalign(size_t, size_t); \
+ void *ptr; \
+ printf("dma_memalign(%u, %u) called from %s:%s:%d...\n", a, s, \
+ __FILE__, __func__, __LINE__);\
+ printf("PRE dma_memalign\n"); \
+ print_malloc_map(); \
+ ptr = dma_memalign(a,s); \
+ printf("POST dma_memalign (ptr = %p)\n", ptr); \
print_malloc_map(); \
ptr; \
})
@@ -111,10 +139,10 @@ void *malloc(size_t size);
void *calloc(size_t nmemb, size_t size);
void *realloc(void *ptr, size_t size);
void *memalign(size_t align, size_t size);
-#endif
-void init_dma_memory(void *start, u32 size);
void *dma_malloc(size_t size);
void *dma_memalign(size_t align, size_t size);
+#endif
+void init_dma_memory(void *start, u32 size);
int dma_initialized(void);
int dma_coherent(void *ptr);
/** @} */
diff --git a/payloads/libpayload/libc/malloc.c b/payloads/libpayload/libc/malloc.c
index 11dfeefad..0f2845d4e 100644
--- a/payloads/libpayload/libc/malloc.c
+++ b/payloads/libpayload/libc/malloc.c
@@ -46,11 +46,21 @@ struct memory_type {
void *start;
void *end;
struct align_region_t* align_regions;
+#ifdef CONFIG_LP_DEBUG_MALLOC
+ int magic_initialized;
+ size_t minimal_free;
+ const char *name;
+#endif
};
extern char _heap, _eheap; /* Defined in the ldscript. */
-static struct memory_type default_type = { (void *)&_heap, (void *)&_eheap, NULL };
+static struct memory_type default_type =
+ { (void *)&_heap, (void *)&_eheap, NULL
+#ifdef CONFIG_LP_DEBUG_MALLOC
+ , 0, 0, "HEAP"
+#endif
+ };
static struct memory_type *const heap = &default_type;
static struct memory_type *dma = &default_type;
@@ -75,26 +85,31 @@ typedef u64 hdrtype_t;
static int free_aligned(void* addr, struct memory_type *type);
void print_malloc_map(void);
-#ifdef CONFIG_LP_DEBUG_MALLOC
-static int heap_initialized = 0;
-static int minimal_free = 0;
-#endif
-
void init_dma_memory(void *start, u32 size)
{
-#ifdef CONFIG_LP_DEBUG_MALLOC
if (dma_initialized()) {
- printf("WARNING: %s called twice!\n");
+ printf("ERROR: %s called twice!\n", __func__);
return;
}
- printf("Initializing cache-coherent DMA memory at [%p:%p]\n", start, start + size);
-#endif
+ /*
+ * DMA memory might not be zeroed by Coreboot on stage loading, so make
+ * sure we clear the magic cookie from last boot.
+ */
+ *(hdrtype_t *)start = 0;
dma = malloc(sizeof(*dma));
dma->start = start;
dma->end = start + size;
dma->align_regions = NULL;
+
+#ifdef CONFIG_LP_DEBUG_MALLOC
+ dma->minimal_free = 0;
+ dma->magic_initialized = 0;
+ dma->name = "DMA";
+
+ printf("Initialized cache-coherent DMA memory at [%p:%p]\n", start, start + size);
+#endif
}
int dma_initialized()
@@ -108,16 +123,6 @@ int dma_coherent(void *ptr)
return !dma_initialized() || (dma->start <= ptr && dma->end > ptr);
}
-static void setup(hdrtype_t volatile *start, int size)
-{
- *start = FREE_BLOCK(size);
-
-#ifdef CONFIG_LP_DEBUG_MALLOC
- heap_initialized = 1;
- minimal_free = size;
-#endif
-}
-
static void *alloc(int len, struct memory_type *type)
{
hdrtype_t header;
@@ -130,8 +135,14 @@ static void *alloc(int len, struct memory_type *type)
return (void *)NULL;
/* Make sure the region is setup correctly. */
- if (!HAS_MAGIC(*ptr))
- setup(ptr, (int)((type->end - type->start) - HDRSIZE));
+ if (!HAS_MAGIC(*ptr)) {
+ size_t size = (type->end - type->start) - HDRSIZE;
+ *ptr = FREE_BLOCK(size);
+#ifdef CONFIG_LP_DEBUG_MALLOC
+ type->magic_initialized = 1;
+ type->minimal_free = size;
+#endif
+ }
/* Find some free space. */
do {
@@ -452,24 +463,29 @@ void *dma_memalign(size_t align, size_t size)
#ifdef CONFIG_LP_DEBUG_MALLOC
void print_malloc_map(void)
{
- void *ptr = heap->start;
- int free_memory = 0;
+ struct memory_type *type = heap;
+ void *ptr;
+ int free_memory;
- while (ptr < heap->end) {
+again:
+ ptr = type->start;
+ free_memory = 0;
+
+ while (ptr < type->end) {
hdrtype_t hdr = *((hdrtype_t *) ptr);
if (!HAS_MAGIC(hdr)) {
- if (heap_initialized)
- printf("Poisoned magic - we're toast\n");
+ if (type->magic_initialized)
+ printf("%s: Poisoned magic - we're toast\n", type->name);
else
- printf("No magic yet - going to initialize\n");
+ printf("%s: No magic yet - going to initialize\n", type->name);
break;
}
/* FIXME: Verify the size of the block. */
- printf("%x: %s (%x bytes)\n",
- (unsigned int)(ptr - heap->start),
+ printf("%s %x: %s (%x bytes)\n", type->name,
+ (unsigned int)(ptr - type->start),
hdr & FLAG_FREE ? "FREE" : "USED", SIZE(hdr));
if (hdr & FLAG_FREE)
@@ -478,9 +494,14 @@ void print_malloc_map(void)
ptr += HDRSIZE + SIZE(hdr);
}
- if (free_memory && (minimal_free > free_memory))
- minimal_free = free_memory;
- printf("Maximum memory consumption: %d bytes\n",
- (unsigned int)(heap->end - heap->start) - HDRSIZE - minimal_free);
+ if (free_memory && (type->minimal_free > free_memory))
+ type->minimal_free = free_memory;
+ printf("%s: Maximum memory consumption: %u bytes\n", type->name,
+ (type->end - type->start) - HDRSIZE - type->minimal_free);
+
+ if (type != dma) {
+ type = dma;
+ goto again;
+ }
}
#endif