aboutsummaryrefslogtreecommitdiffstats
path: root/doc/nasmdoc.src
diff options
context:
space:
mode:
Diffstat (limited to 'doc/nasmdoc.src')
-rw-r--r--doc/nasmdoc.src20
1 files changed, 19 insertions, 1 deletions
diff --git a/doc/nasmdoc.src b/doc/nasmdoc.src
index f998cc60..35e48001 100644
--- a/doc/nasmdoc.src
+++ b/doc/nasmdoc.src
@@ -1,6 +1,6 @@
\# --------------------------------------------------------------------------
\#
-\# Copyright 1996-2017 The NASM Authors - All Rights Reserved
+\# Copyright 1996-2018 The NASM Authors - All Rights Reserved
\# See the file AUTHORS included with the NASM distribution for
\# the specific copyright holders.
\#
@@ -7755,6 +7755,24 @@ immediate as \c{DWORD}:
The length of these instructions are 10, 5 and 7 bytes, respectively.
+If optimization is enabled and NASM can determine at assembly time
+that a shorter instruction will suffice, the shorter instruction will
+be emitted unless of course \c{STRICT QWORD} or \c{STRICT DWORD} is
+specified (see \k{strict}):
+
+\c mov rax,1 ; Assembles as "mov eax,1" (5 bytes)
+\c mov rax,strict qword 1 ; Full 10-byte instruction
+\c mov rax,strict dword 1 ; 7-byte instruction
+\c mov rax,symbol ; 10 bytes, not known at assembly time
+\c lea rax,[rel symbol] ; 7 bytes, usually preferred by the ABI
+
+Note that \c{lea rax,[rel symbol]} is position-independent, whereas
+\c{mov rax,symbol} is not. Most ABIs prefer or even require
+position-independent code in 64-bit mode. However, the \c{MOV}
+instruction is able to reference a symbol anywhere in the 64-bit
+address space, whereas \c{LEA} is only able to access a symbol within
+within 2 GB of the instruction itself (see below.)
+
The only instructions which take a full \I{64-bit displacement}64-bit
\e{displacement} is loading or storing, using \c{MOV}, \c{AL}, \c{AX},
\c{EAX} or \c{RAX} (but no other registers) to an absolute 64-bit address.