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authorUlrich Drepper <drepper@redhat.com>1997-06-12 21:38:55 +0000
committerUlrich Drepper <drepper@redhat.com>1997-06-12 21:38:55 +0000
commit714a562f0bf855da3835adb2dbecc245e39f8759 (patch)
tree856c801ff8bc895274a8914e5c846c86ecf37046 /manual/pattern.texi
parentb0de3e9e30113e669ad7944579ec4e2d10163758 (diff)
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<1997-06-12 21:22 Ulrich Drepper <drepper@cygnus.com> * Makefile (libc-map): Define before including Makerules. * Makerules (lib%.so): Depend on $(lib%-map). (build-shlib): Adapt rule for above change. (libc.so): Depend on $(libc-map). * db/Makefile (libcdb-map): New definition. * elf/Makefile (libdl-map): New definition. * elf/dl-lookup.c: Don't use relative include path. (undefined_msg): New variable. Use single string in all functions. (do_lookup): Correctly recognize default version. Return -2 if no version information is available. Stop processing hash entries when string was found. Don't bark about missing versioned symbol in file with original reference if it is a weak symbol. (_dl_lookup_symbol): Use undefined_msg. (_dl_lookup_versioned_symbol): Likewise. Give extra information if no verdef info is available. * elf/dl-version.c (file_needed): Remove first argument. We must seek in the whole search list. (match_symbol): Correct check for available verdef info. (_dl_check_map_versions): Correct call of find_needed. * locale/Makefile (libBrokenLocale-map): New definition. * login/Makefile (libutil-map): New definition. * math/Makefile (libm-map): New definition. * md5-crypt/Makefile (libcrypt-map): New definition. * nis/Makefile (libnsl-map, libnss_compat-map, libnss_nis-map, libnss_nisplus-map): New definition. * nss/Makefile (libnss_files-map, libnss_db-map): New definitions. * resolv/Makefile (libresolv-map, libnss_dns-map): New definitions. * libc.map: New file. * db/libdb.map: New file. * elf/libdl.map: New file. * locale/libBrokenLocale.map: New file. * login/libutil.map: New file. * math/libm.map: New file. * md5-crypt/libcrypt.map: New file. * nis/libnss_compat.map: New file. * nis/libnsl.map: New file. * nis/libnss_nis.map: New file. * nis/libnss_nisplus.map: New file. * nss/libnss_files.map: New file. * nss/libnss_db.map: New file. * resolv/libnss_dns.map: New file. * resolv/libresolv.map: New file. * sysdeps/i386/dl-machine.h (elf_machine_rel): Don't do anything for R_386_NONE entries. * Makefile (manual/dir-add.info): New rule. * Makerules: Add vpath definition for .x files. * Makerules (distinfo): Make sure target directory exists. * argp/argp-help.c (argp_args_usage): Don't modify `fdoc' value since it is used to distinguish filtered strings from unmodifed strings. * elf/dl-lookup.c (do_lookup): Optimize STT_* recognition. * elf/dl-reloc.c: Fix typo. * inet/arpa/tftp.h (struct tftphdr): Change type of tu_block to `unsigned short'. * manual/Makefile (dir-add.texi): Also emit wrapper text for info/install-info. (distribute): Add dir-add.texi and dir-add.info. (mostlyclean): Add dir-add.info. (realclean): Add dir-add.texi. (install): Add entries in `dir' file using install-info. * manual/libc.texinfo: Add @dircategory and @direntry text. Reported by Miles Bader <miles@gnu.ai.mit.edu>. * manual/pattern.texi: Correct description of GLOB_MAGCHAR and GLOB_NOMAGIC. Changes by Roland McGrath <roland@gnu.ai.mit.edu>. * nis/nis_addmember.c: Little optimizations. * nis/nis_call.c: Likewise. * nis/nis_creategroup.c: Likewise. * nis/nis_defaults.c: Likewise. * nis/nis_destroygroup.c: Likewise. * nis/nis_ismember.c: Likewise. * nis/nis_local_names.c: Likewise. * nis/nis_print_group_entry.c: Likewise. * nis/nis_verifygroup.c: Likewise. * posix/unistd.h: Fix comment for getcwd. * stdlib/Makefile (headers): Remove inttypes.h. It's a system dependent header. * sysdeps/wordsize-32/Dist: New file. * sysdeps/wordsize-32/Makefile: New file. * sysdeps/wordsize-64/Dist: New file. * sysdeps/wordsize-64/Makefile: New file. * sunrpc/Makefile: Adopt comment for real situation. * sysdeps/i386/add_n.S: Add ASM_TYPE_DIRECTIVE and AS_SIZE_DIRECTIVE. * sysdeps/i386/addmul_1.s: Likewise. * sysdeps/i386/lshist.s: Likewise. * sysdeps/i386/rshift.s: Likewise. * sysdeps/i386/sub_n.s: Likewise. * sysdeps/i386/submul_1.s: Likewise. * sysdeps/unix/sysv/linux/i386/sysdep.h (SYSCALL_ERROR_HANDLER): Add .type and .size. 1997-06-12 13:32 Philip Blundell <Philip.Blundell@pobox.com> * libc/sysdeps/unix/arm/brk.S: New file. * libc/sysdeps/unix/arm/sysdep.S: Likewise. * libc/sysdeps/unix/sysv/linux/arm/sysdep.S: Likewise. 1997-06-11 11:51 Thorsten Kukuk <kukuk@vt.uni-paderborn.de> * nis/nss_nisplus/nisplus-spwd.c (_nss_nisplus_parse_spent): Check if we have shadow information. 1997-06-08 19:33 Thorsten Kukuk <kukuk@vt.uni-paderborn.de> * nis/nis_getservlist.c (nis_getservlist): Use calloc instead of malloc, alloc memory for nis_server struct. * nis/nis_getservlist.c (nis_freeservlist): Give the memory for the nis_server struct free, too. * nis/nis_removemember (nis_removemember): Fix for loop. 1997-06-12 12:45 Ulrich Drepper <drepper@cygnus.com> * sysdeps/i386/fpu/__math.h (__M_SQRT2): Define here since we cannot rely on M_SQRT2 being defined. (log1p): Use __M_SQRT2 not M_SQRT2. * math/math.h (_Mldbl): Define even if M_* constants are not defined. Reported by corsepiu@faw.uni-ulm.de. 1997-06-12 03:08 Philip Blundell <Philip.Blundell@pobox.com> * nss/getXXbyYY_r.c (do_weak_alias): Remove extra parentheses. 1997-06-11 13:22 Ulrich Drepper <drepper@cygnus.com> * misc/regexp.h (compile): Allow use of macro INIT for variable declaration. Add documentation for INIT. Reported by Robert Bihlmeyer <robbe@orcus.priv.at>. 1997-06-11 10:47 Philip Blundell <Philip.Blundell@pobox.com> * sysdeps/unix/sysv/linux/net/if_arp.h: Add two new hardware types. 1997-06-10 11:31 H.J. Lu <hjl@gnu.ai.mit.edu> * sysdeps/powerpc/strlen.s: Use -0x101 instead of 0xfffffeff for a signed 16-bit value. 1997-06-07 07:54 H.J. Lu <hjl@gnu.ai.mit.edu> * sysdeps/unix/sysv/linux/powerpc/dl-sysdep.c (_dl_sysdep_read_whole_file): Deleted. * sysdeps/powerpc/fenvbits.h (__FE_ALL_INVALID): Changed to FE_ALL_INVALID. * sysdeps/powerpc/fraiseexcpt.c (__FE_INVALID_SOFTWARE): Changed to FE_INVALID_SOFTWARE. (__FPSCR_STICKY_BITS): Changed to FPSCR_STICKY_BITS. * sysdeps/libm-ieee754/s_fmin.c: Fix a typo. 1997-06-07 18:48 H.J. Lu <hjl@gnu.ai.mit.edu> * shlib-versions (.*-.*-linux.*): Set libc to 6. 1997-06-08 15:35 Thorsten Kukuk <kukuk@vt.uni-paderborn.de> * nis/nis_add.c (nis_add): Use nis_leaf_of_r instead of nis_name_of_r. * nis/nis_addmember.c (nis_addmember): Fix a lot of pointer errors. * nis/nis_clone.c: Likewise. * nis/nis_removemember.c (nis_removemember): Likewise. * nis/nis_table.c: Likewise. * nis/nss_nis/nis-hosts.c: Use addr, not p for inet_pton call. * nis/nss_nisplus/nisplus-hosts.c: Likewise. * nis/nss_nis/nis-netgrp.c (_nss_nis_setnetgrent): Check for group == NULL. 1997-06-08 21:21 Mark Kettenis <kettenis@phys.uva.nl> * login/login.c, login/utmp_daemon.c, login/utmp_file.c, login/getutent_r.c, login/utmpname.c: Cleanup `#if _LIBC' and `#ifndef _LIBC' fragments. * login/programs/utmpd.c: Define DEFAULT_USER. (drop_priviliges): Use it. (main): Set locale and text domain. * login/programs/utmpd-private.h: Declare proc_utmp_eq. * login/programs/database.c (proc_utmp_eq): Removed. * login/programs/request.c (proc_utmp_eq): Made global. Only use ut_id field if valid. * login/utmp_file.c (proc_utmp_eq): Restore patch made by Miles Bader that was lost when adding the daemon backend; Only use ut_id field if valid. 1997-06-05 23:10 Andreas Schwab <schwab@issan.informatik.uni-dortmund.de> * sysdeps/unix/sysv/linux/Dist: Remove netatalk/atalk.h and netinet/icmp.h, add netatalk/at.h. * sysdeps/unix/sysv/linux/powerpc/Dist: Remove termios.h. * sysdeps/unix/sysv/linux/sparc/Dist: Remove start.c. 1997-06-04 19:22 Andreas Schwab <schwab@issan.informatik.uni-dortmund.de> * stdlib/testsort.c (compare): Fix parameter types. 1997-06-04 19:05 Andreas Schwab <schwab@issan.informatik.uni-dortmund.de> * md5-crypt/Makefile (distribute): Fix name of file. 1997-06-04 19:02 Andreas Schwab <schwab@issan.informatik.uni-dortmund.de> * login/Makefile (utmpd-routines): Remove utmpd again, which is already added implicitly through $(others). 1997-06-05 13:43 Fila Kolodny <fila@filapc.ibi.com> * sysdeps/unix/sysv/linux/Makefile (sysdep_headers): Add netipx/ipx.h. 1997-06-05 13:25 Andreas Jaeger <aj@arthur.rhein-neckar.de> * md5-crypt/md5-crypt.c: Add prototype for __md5_crypt. 1997-06-05 17:08 Ulrich Drepper <drepper@cygnus.com> * string/argz-addsep.c: Correct weak alias. Reported by Ben Pfaff <pfaffben@pilot.msu.edu>. * locale/setlocale.c (setlocale): Free variable with locale path before returning. (setname): Don't test for _nl_current[category] being NULL before freeing. Reported by Ben Pfaff <pfaffben@pilot.msu.edu>. 1997-06-04 12:41 Andreas Jaeger <aj@arthur.rhein-neckar.de> * manual/intro.texi (XPG): Correct some typos. * manual/libc.texinfo (Program Arguments): Menu updated. * nis/nis_local_names.c (nis_local_host): Fix pointer errors.
Diffstat (limited to 'manual/pattern.texi')
-rw-r--r--manual/pattern.texi157
1 files changed, 154 insertions, 3 deletions
diff --git a/manual/pattern.texi b/manual/pattern.texi
index 6ac481ab6e5..020a40e7da8 100644
--- a/manual/pattern.texi
+++ b/manual/pattern.texi
@@ -118,8 +118,9 @@ of wildcards convenient. @code{glob} and the other symbols in this
section are declared in @file{glob.h}.
@menu
-* Calling Glob:: Basic use of @code{glob}.
-* Flags for Globbing:: Flags that enable various options in @code{glob}.
+* Calling Glob:: Basic use of @code{glob}.
+* Flags for Globbing:: Flags that enable various options in @code{glob}.
+* More Flags for Globbing:: GNU specific extensions to @code{glob}.
@end menu
@node Calling Glob
@@ -134,7 +135,9 @@ it fills in the structure's fields to tell you about the results.
@comment POSIX.2
@deftp {Data Type} glob_t
This data type holds a pointer to a word vector. More precisely, it
-records both the address of the word vector and its size.
+records both the address of the word vector and its size. The GNU
+implementation contains some more fields which are non-standard
+extensions.
@table @code
@item gl_pathc
@@ -156,6 +159,47 @@ The @code{gl_offs} field is meaningful only if you use the
@code{GLOB_DOOFFS} flag. Otherwise, the offset is always zero
regardless of what is in this field, and the first real element comes at
the beginning of the vector.
+
+@item gl_closedir
+The address of an alternative implementation of the @code{closedir}
+function. It is used if the @code{GLOB_ALTDIRFUNC} bit is set in
+the flag parameter. The type of this field is
+@w{@code{void (*) (void *)}}.
+
+This is a GNU extension.
+
+@item gl_readdir
+The address of an alternative implementation of the @code{readdir}
+function used to read the contents of a directory. It is used if the
+@code{GLOB_ALTDIRFUNC} bit is set in the flag parameter. The type of
+this field is @w{@code{struct dirent *(*) (void *)}}.
+
+This is a GNU extension.
+
+@item gl_opendir
+The address of an alternative implementation of the @code{opendir}
+function. It is used if the @code{GLOB_ALTDIRFUNC} bit is set in
+the flag parameter. The type of this field is
+@w{@code{void *(*) (const char *)}}.
+
+This is a GNU extension.
+
+@item gl_stat
+The address of an alternative implementation of the @code{stat} function
+to get information about an object in the filesystem. It is used if the
+@code{GLOB_ALTDIRFUNC} bit is set in the flag parameter. The type of
+this field is @w{@code{int (*) (const char *, struct stat *)}}.
+
+This is a GNU extension.
+
+@item gl_lstat
+The address of an alternative implementation of the @code{lstat}
+function to get information about an object in the filesystems, not
+following symbolic links. It is used if the @code{GLOB_ALTDIRFUNC} bit
+is set in the flag parameter. The type of this field is @w{@code{int
+(*) (const char *, struct stat *)}}.
+
+This is a GNU extension.
@end table
@end deftp
@@ -318,6 +362,113 @@ repeatedly. It handles the flag @code{GLOB_NOESCAPE} by turning on the
@code{FNM_NOESCAPE} flag in calls to @code{fnmatch}.
@end table
+@node More Flags for Globbing
+@subsection More Flags for Globbing
+
+Beside the flags descibed in the last section, the GNU implementation of
+@code{glob} allows a few more flags which are also defined in the
+@file{glob.h} file. Some of the extensions implement functionality
+which is available in modern shell implementations.
+
+@table @code
+@comment glob.h
+@comment GNU
+@item GLOB_PERIOD
+The @code{.} character (period) is treated special. It cannot be
+matched by wildcards. @xref{Wildcard Matching}, @code{FNM_PERIOD}.
+
+@comment glob.h
+@comment GNU
+@item GLOB_MAGCHAR
+The @code{GLOB_MAGCHAR} value is not to be given to @code{glob} in the
+@var{flags} parameter. Instead, @code{glob} sets this bit in the
+@var{gl_flags} element of the @var{glob_t} structure provided as the
+result if the pattern used for matching contains any wildcard character.
+
+@comment glob.h
+@comment GNU
+@item GLOB_ALTDIRFUNC
+Instead of the using the using the normal functions for accessing the
+filesystem the @code{glob} implementation uses the user-supplied
+functions specified in the structure pointed to by @var{pglob}
+parameter. For more information about the functions refer to the
+sections about directory handling @ref{Accessing Directories} and
+@ref{Reading Attributes}.
+
+@comment glob.h
+@comment GNU
+@item GLOB_BRACE
+If this flag is given the handling of braces in the pattern is changed.
+It is now required that braces appear correctly grouped. I.e., for each
+opening brace there must be a closing one. Braces can be used
+recursively. So it is possible to define one brace expression in
+another one. It is important to note that the range of each brace
+expression is completely contained in the outer brace expression (if
+there is one).
+
+The string between the mathing braces is separated into single
+expressions by splitting at @code{,} (comma) characters. The commas
+themself are discarded. Please note what we said above about recursive
+brace expressions. The commas used to separate the subexpressions must
+be at the same level. Commas in brace subexpressions are not matched.
+They are used during expansion of the brace expression of the deeper
+level. The example below shows this
+
+@smallexample
+glob ("@{foo/@{,bar,biz@},baz@}", GLOB_BRACE, NULL, &result)
+@end smallexample
+
+@noindent
+is equivalent to the sequence
+
+@smallexample
+glob ("foo/", GLOB_BRACE, NULL, &result)
+glob ("foo/bar", GLOB_BRACE|GLOB_APPEND, NULL, &result)
+glob ("foo/biz", GLOB_BRACE|GLOB_APPEND, NULL, &result)
+glob ("baz", GLOB_BRACE|GLOB_APPEND, NULL, &result)
+@end smallexample
+
+@noindent
+if we leave aside error handling.
+
+@comment glob.h
+@comment GNU
+@item GLOB_NOMAGIC
+If the pattern contains no wildcard constructs (it is a literal file name),
+return it as the sole ``matching'' word, even if no file exists by that name.
+
+@comment glob.h
+@comment GNU
+@item GLOB_TILDE
+If this flag is used the character @code{~} (tilde) is handled special
+if it appears at the beginning of the pattern. Instead of being taken
+verbatim it is used to represent the home directory of a known user.
+
+If @code{~} is the only character in pattern or it is followed by a
+@code{/} (slash), the home directory of the process owner is
+substituted. Using @code{getlogin} and @code{getpwnam} the information
+is read from the system databases. As an example take user @code{bart}
+with his home directory at @file{/home/bart}. For him a call like
+
+@smallexample
+glob ("~/bin/*", GLOB_TILDE, NULL, &result)
+@end smallexample
+
+@noindent
+would return the contents of the directory @file{/home/bart/bin}.
+Instead of referring to the own home directory it is also possible to
+name the home directory of other users. To do so one has to append the
+user name after the tilde character. So the contents of user
+@code{homer}'s @file{bin} directory can be retrieved by
+
+@smallexample
+glob ("~homer/bin/*", GLOB_TILDE, NULL, &result)
+@end smallexample
+
+This functionality is equivalent to what is available in C-shells.
+@end table
+
+
@node Regular Expressions
@section Regular Expression Matching