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authorFlorian Weimer <fweimer@redhat.com>2015-12-29 20:32:35 +0100
committerFlorian Weimer <fweimer@redhat.com>2015-12-29 20:32:35 +0100
commit1bd5483e104c8bde6e61dc5e3f8a848bc861872d (patch)
tree471878accbca82e41d5fc9d1ecafb2b28fc2b8cc
parentb69b5b3e3e5a5cd9e693db1dc8c94e621561aa95 (diff)
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malloc: Test various special cases related to allocation failures
This test case exercises unusual code paths in allocation functions, related to allocation failures. Specifically, the test can reveal the following bugs: (a) calloc returns non-zero memory on fallback to sysmalloc. (b) calloc can self-deadlock because it fails to release the arena lock on certain allocation failures. (c) pvalloc can dereference a NULL arena pointer. (a) and (b) appear specific to a faulty downstream backport. (c) was fixed as part of commit 10ad46bc6526edc5c7afcc57112da96917ff3629. The test for (a) was inspired by a reproducer supplied by Jeff Layton.
-rw-r--r--ChangeLog6
-rw-r--r--malloc/Makefile5
-rw-r--r--malloc/tst-malloc-thread-fail.c442
3 files changed, 452 insertions, 1 deletions
diff --git a/ChangeLog b/ChangeLog
index 183c55b1595..749cc78fa03 100644
--- a/ChangeLog
+++ b/ChangeLog
@@ -1,3 +1,9 @@
+2015-12-29 Florian Weimer <fweimer@redhat.com>
+
+ * malloc/tst-malloc-thread-fail.c: New file.
+ * malloc/Makefile (tests): Add tst-malloc-thread-fail.
+ (tst-malloc-thread-fail): Link against libpthread.
+
2015-12-29 Mike Frysinger <vapier@gentoo.org>
* scripts/list-fixed-bugs.py: Import argparse. Call main instead.
diff --git a/malloc/Makefile b/malloc/Makefile
index aa0579cb982..3b2b4bebc97 100644
--- a/malloc/Makefile
+++ b/malloc/Makefile
@@ -28,7 +28,8 @@ tests := mallocbug tst-malloc tst-valloc tst-calloc tst-obstack \
tst-mallocstate tst-mcheck tst-mallocfork tst-trim1 \
tst-malloc-usable tst-realloc tst-posix_memalign \
tst-pvalloc tst-memalign tst-mallopt tst-scratch_buffer \
- tst-malloc-backtrace tst-malloc-thread-exit
+ tst-malloc-backtrace tst-malloc-thread-exit \
+ tst-malloc-thread-fail
test-srcs = tst-mtrace
routines = malloc morecore mcheck mtrace obstack \
@@ -49,6 +50,8 @@ $(objpfx)tst-malloc-backtrace: $(common-objpfx)nptl/libpthread.so \
$(common-objpfx)nptl/libpthread_nonshared.a
$(objpfx)tst-malloc-thread-exit: $(common-objpfx)nptl/libpthread.so \
$(common-objpfx)nptl/libpthread_nonshared.a
+$(objpfx)tst-malloc-thread-fail: $(common-objpfx)nptl/libpthread.so \
+ $(common-objpfx)nptl/libpthread_nonshared.a
# These should be removed by `make clean'.
extra-objs = mcheck-init.o libmcheck.a
diff --git a/malloc/tst-malloc-thread-fail.c b/malloc/tst-malloc-thread-fail.c
new file mode 100644
index 00000000000..25d40de4a59
--- /dev/null
+++ b/malloc/tst-malloc-thread-fail.c
@@ -0,0 +1,442 @@
+/* Test allocation function behavior on allocation failure.
+ Copyright (C) 2015 Free Software Foundation, Inc.
+ This file is part of the GNU C Library.
+
+ The GNU C Library is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
+ modify it under the terms of the GNU Lesser General Public License as
+ published by the Free Software Foundation; either version 2.1 of the
+ License, or (at your option) any later version.
+
+ The GNU C Library is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
+ but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
+ MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the GNU
+ Lesser General Public License for more details.
+
+ You should have received a copy of the GNU Lesser General Public
+ License along with the GNU C Library; see the file COPYING.LIB. If
+ not, see <http://www.gnu.org/licenses/>. */
+
+/* This test case attempts to trigger various unusual conditions
+ related to allocation failures, notably switching to a different
+ arena, and falling back to mmap (via sysmalloc). */
+
+#include <errno.h>
+#include <malloc.h>
+#include <pthread.h>
+#include <stdbool.h>
+#include <stdint.h>
+#include <stdio.h>
+#include <stdlib.h>
+#include <sys/resource.h>
+#include <sys/wait.h>
+#include <unistd.h>
+
+/* Wrapper for calloc with an optimization barrier. */
+static void *
+__attribute__ ((noinline, noclone))
+allocate_zeroed (size_t a, size_t b)
+{
+ return calloc (a, b);
+}
+
+/* System page size, as determined by sysconf (_SC_PAGE_SIZE). */
+static unsigned long page_size;
+
+/* Test parameters. */
+static size_t allocation_size;
+static size_t alignment;
+static enum {
+ with_malloc,
+ with_realloc,
+ with_aligned_alloc,
+ with_memalign,
+ with_posix_memalign,
+ with_valloc,
+ with_pvalloc,
+ with_calloc,
+ last_allocation_function = with_calloc
+} allocation_function;
+
+/* True if an allocation function uses the alignment test
+ parameter. */
+const static bool alignment_sensitive[last_allocation_function + 1] =
+ {
+ [with_aligned_alloc] = true,
+ [with_memalign] = true,
+ [with_posix_memalign] = true,
+ };
+
+/* Combined pointer/expected alignment result of an allocation
+ function. */
+struct allocate_result {
+ void *pointer;
+ size_t alignment;
+};
+
+/* Call the allocation function specified by allocation_function, with
+ allocation_size and alignment (if applicable) as arguments. No
+ alignment check. */
+static struct allocate_result
+allocate_1 (void)
+{
+ switch (allocation_function)
+ {
+ case with_malloc:
+ return (struct allocate_result)
+ {malloc (allocation_size), _Alignof (max_align_t)};
+ case with_realloc:
+ {
+ void *p = realloc (NULL, 16);
+ void *q;
+ if (p == NULL)
+ q = NULL;
+ else
+ {
+ q = realloc (p, allocation_size);
+ if (q == NULL)
+ free (p);
+ }
+ return (struct allocate_result) {q, _Alignof (max_align_t)};
+ }
+ case with_aligned_alloc:
+ {
+ void *p = aligned_alloc (alignment, allocation_size);
+ return (struct allocate_result) {p, alignment};
+ }
+ case with_memalign:
+ {
+ void *p = memalign (alignment, allocation_size);
+ return (struct allocate_result) {p, alignment};
+ }
+ case with_posix_memalign:
+ {
+ void *p;
+ if (posix_memalign (&p, alignment, allocation_size))
+ {
+ if (errno == ENOMEM)
+ p = NULL;
+ else
+ {
+ printf ("error: posix_memalign (p, %zu, %zu): %m\n",
+ alignment, allocation_size);
+ abort ();
+ }
+ }
+ return (struct allocate_result) {p, alignment};
+ }
+ case with_valloc:
+ {
+ void *p = valloc (allocation_size);
+ return (struct allocate_result) {p, page_size};
+ }
+ case with_pvalloc:
+ {
+ void *p = pvalloc (allocation_size);
+ return (struct allocate_result) {p, page_size};
+ }
+ case with_calloc:
+ {
+ char *p = allocate_zeroed (1, allocation_size);
+ /* Check for non-zero bytes. */
+ if (p != NULL)
+ for (size_t i = 0; i < allocation_size; ++i)
+ if (p[i] != 0)
+ {
+ printf ("error: non-zero byte at offset %zu\n", i);
+ abort ();
+ }
+ return (struct allocate_result) {p, _Alignof (max_align_t)};
+ }
+ }
+ abort ();
+}
+
+/* Call allocate_1 and perform the alignment check on the result. */
+static void *
+allocate (void)
+{
+ struct allocate_result r = allocate_1 ();
+ if ((((uintptr_t) r.pointer) & (r.alignment - 1)) != 0)
+ {
+ printf ("error: allocation function %d, size %zu not aligned to %zu\n",
+ (int) allocation_function, allocation_size, r.alignment);
+ abort ();
+ }
+ return r.pointer;
+}
+
+/* Barriers to synchronize thread creation and termination. */
+static pthread_barrier_t start_barrier;
+static pthread_barrier_t end_barrier;
+
+/* Thread function which performs the allocation test. Called by
+ pthread_create and from the main thread. */
+static void *
+allocate_thread (void *closure)
+{
+ /* Wait for the creation of all threads. */
+ {
+ int ret = pthread_barrier_wait (&start_barrier);
+ if (ret != 0 && ret != PTHREAD_BARRIER_SERIAL_THREAD)
+ {
+ errno = ret;
+ printf ("error: pthread_barrier_wait: %m\n");
+ abort ();
+ }
+ }
+
+ /* Allocate until we run out of memory, creating a single-linked
+ list. */
+ struct list {
+ struct list *next;
+ };
+ struct list *head = NULL;
+ while (true)
+ {
+ struct list *e = allocate ();
+ if (e == NULL)
+ break;
+
+ e->next = head;
+ head = e;
+ }
+
+ /* Wait for the allocation of all available memory. */
+ {
+ int ret = pthread_barrier_wait (&end_barrier);
+ if (ret != 0 && ret != PTHREAD_BARRIER_SERIAL_THREAD)
+ {
+ errno = ret;
+ printf ("error: pthread_barrier_wait: %m\n");
+ abort ();
+ }
+ }
+
+ /* Free the allocated memory. */
+ while (head != NULL)
+ {
+ struct list *next = head->next;
+ free (head);
+ head = next;
+ }
+
+ return NULL;
+}
+
+/* Number of threads (plus the main thread. */
+enum { thread_count = 8 };
+
+/* Thread attribute to request creation of threads with a non-default
+ stack size which is rather small. This avoids interfering with the
+ configured address space limit. */
+static pthread_attr_t small_stack;
+
+/* Runs one test in multiple threads, all in a subprocess so that
+ subsequent tests do not interfere with each other. */
+static void
+run_one (void)
+{
+ /* Isolate the tests in a subprocess, so that we can start over
+ from scratch. */
+ pid_t pid = fork ();
+ if (pid == 0)
+ {
+ /* In the child process. Create the allocation threads. */
+ pthread_t threads[thread_count];
+
+ for (unsigned i = 0; i < thread_count; ++i)
+ {
+ int ret = pthread_create (threads + i, &small_stack, allocate_thread, NULL);
+ if (ret != 0)
+ {
+ errno = ret;
+ printf ("error: pthread_create: %m\n");
+ abort ();
+ }
+ }
+
+ /* Also run the test on the main thread. */
+ allocate_thread (NULL);
+
+ for (unsigned i = 0; i < thread_count; ++i)
+ {
+ int ret = pthread_join (threads[i], NULL);
+ if (ret != 0)
+ {
+ errno = ret;
+ printf ("error: pthread_join: %m\n");
+ abort ();
+ }
+ }
+ _exit (0);
+ }
+ else if (pid < 0)
+ {
+ printf ("error: fork: %m\n");
+ abort ();
+ }
+
+ /* In the parent process. Wait for the child process to exit. */
+ int status;
+ if (waitpid (pid, &status, 0) < 0)
+ {
+ printf ("error: waitpid: %m\n");
+ abort ();
+ }
+ if (status != 0)
+ {
+ printf ("error: exit status %d from child process\n", status);
+ exit (1);
+ }
+}
+
+/* Run all applicable allocation functions for the current test
+ parameters. */
+static void
+run_allocation_functions (void)
+{
+ for (int af = 0; af <= last_allocation_function; ++af)
+ {
+ /* Run alignment-sensitive functions for non-default
+ alignments. */
+ if (alignment_sensitive[af] != (alignment != 0))
+ continue;
+ allocation_function = af;
+ run_one ();
+ }
+}
+
+int
+do_test (void)
+{
+ /* Limit the number of malloc arenas. We use a very low number so
+ that despute the address space limit configured below, all
+ requested arenas a can be created. */
+ if (mallopt (M_ARENA_MAX, 2) == 0)
+ {
+ printf ("error: mallopt (M_ARENA_MAX) failed\n");
+ return 1;
+ }
+
+ /* Determine the page size. */
+ {
+ long ret = sysconf (_SC_PAGE_SIZE);
+ if (ret < 0)
+ {
+ printf ("error: sysconf (_SC_PAGE_SIZE): %m\n");
+ return 1;
+ }
+ page_size = ret;
+ }
+
+ /* Limit the size of the process, so that memory allocation in
+ allocate_thread will eventually fail, without impacting the
+ entire system. */
+ {
+ struct rlimit limit;
+ if (getrlimit (RLIMIT_AS, &limit) != 0)
+ {
+ printf ("getrlimit (RLIMIT_AS) failed: %m\n");
+ return 1;
+ }
+ long target = 200 * 1024 * 1024;
+ if (limit.rlim_cur == RLIM_INFINITY || limit.rlim_cur > target)
+ {
+ limit.rlim_cur = target;
+ if (setrlimit (RLIMIT_AS, &limit) != 0)
+ {
+ printf ("setrlimit (RLIMIT_AS) failed: %m\n");
+ return 1;
+ }
+ }
+ }
+
+ /* Initialize thread attribute with a reduced stack size. */
+ {
+ int ret = pthread_attr_init (&small_stack);
+ if (ret != 0)
+ {
+ errno = ret;
+ printf ("error: pthread_attr_init: %m\n");
+ abort ();
+ }
+ unsigned long stack_size = ((256 * 1024) / page_size) * page_size;
+ if (stack_size < 4 * page_size)
+ stack_size = 8 * page_size;
+ ret = pthread_attr_setstacksize (&small_stack, stack_size);
+ if (ret != 0)
+ {
+ errno = ret;
+ printf ("error: pthread_attr_setstacksize: %m\n");
+ abort ();
+ }
+ }
+
+ /* Initialize the barriers. We run thread_count threads, plus 1 for
+ the main thread. */
+ {
+ int ret = pthread_barrier_init (&start_barrier, NULL, thread_count + 1);
+ if (ret != 0)
+ {
+ errno = ret;
+ printf ("error: pthread_barrier_init: %m\n");
+ abort ();
+ }
+
+ ret = pthread_barrier_init (&end_barrier, NULL, thread_count + 1);
+ if (ret != 0)
+ {
+ errno = ret;
+ printf ("error: pthread_barrier_init: %m\n");
+ abort ();
+ }
+ }
+
+ allocation_size = 144;
+ run_allocation_functions ();
+ allocation_size = page_size;
+ run_allocation_functions ();
+
+ alignment = 128;
+ allocation_size = 512;
+ run_allocation_functions ();
+
+ allocation_size = page_size;
+ run_allocation_functions ();
+
+ allocation_size = 17 * page_size;
+ run_allocation_functions ();
+
+ /* Deallocation the barriers and the thread attribute. */
+ {
+ int ret = pthread_barrier_destroy (&end_barrier);
+ if (ret != 0)
+ {
+ errno = ret;
+ printf ("error: pthread_barrier_destroy: %m\n");
+ return 1;
+ }
+ ret = pthread_barrier_destroy (&start_barrier);
+ if (ret != 0)
+ {
+ errno = ret;
+ printf ("error: pthread_barrier_destroy: %m\n");
+ return 1;
+ }
+ ret = pthread_attr_destroy (&small_stack);
+ if (ret != 0)
+ {
+ errno = ret;
+ printf ("error: pthread_attr_destroy: %m\n");
+ return 1;
+ }
+ }
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+/* The repeated allocations take some time on slow machines. */
+#define TIMEOUT 20
+
+#define TEST_FUNCTION do_test ()
+#include "../test-skeleton.c"