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/* -*- c -*- ------------------------------------------------------------- *
 *
 *   Copyright 2003-2008 H. Peter Anvin - All Rights Reserved
 *
 *   This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
 *   it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
 *   the Free Software Foundation, Inc., 53 Temple Place Ste 330,
 *   Boston MA 02111-1307, USA; either version 2 of the License, or
 *   (at your option) any later version; incorporated herein by reference.
 *
 * ----------------------------------------------------------------------- */

/*
 * mdiskchk.c
 *
 * DOS program to check for the existence of a memdisk.
 *
 * This program can be compiled for DOS with the OpenWatcom compiler
 * (http://www.openwatcom.org/):
 *
 * wcl -3 -osx -mt mdiskchk.c
 */

#include <stdio.h>
#include <string.h>
#include <i86.h>		/* For MK_FP() */

typedef unsigned long uint32_t;
typedef unsigned short uint16_t;
typedef unsigned char uint8_t;

struct memdiskinfo {
    uint16_t bytes;		/* Bytes from memdisk */
    uint16_t version;		/* Memdisk version */
    uint32_t base;		/* Base of disk in high memory */
    uint32_t size;		/* Size of disk in sectors */
    char far *cmdline;		/* Command line */
    void far *oldint13;		/* Old INT 13h */
    void far *oldint15;		/* Old INT 15h */
    uint16_t olddosmem;
    uint8_t bootloaderid;

    uint8_t _pad;

    /* We add our own fields at the end */
    int cylinders;
    int heads;
    int sectors;
};

struct memdiskinfo *query_memdisk(int drive)
{
    static struct memdiskinfo mm;
    uint32_t _eax, _ebx, _ecx, _edx;
    uint16_t _es, _di;
    unsigned char _dl = drive;
    uint16_t bytes;

    __asm {
	.386;
	mov eax, 454d0800h;
	mov ecx, 444d0000h;
	mov edx, 53490000h;
	mov dl, _dl;
	mov ebx, 3f4b0000h;
	int 13h;
	mov _eax, eax;
	mov _ecx, ecx;
	mov _edx, edx;
	mov _ebx, ebx;
	mov _es, es;
	mov _di, di;
    }

    if (_eax >> 16 != 0x4d21 ||
	_ecx >> 16 != 0x4d45 || _edx >> 16 != 0x4944 || _ebx >> 16 != 0x4b53)
	return NULL;

    memset(&mm, 0, sizeof mm);

    bytes = *(uint16_t far *) MK_FP(_es, _di);

    /* 27 is the most we know how to handle */
    if (bytes > 27)
	bytes = 27;

    _fmemcpy((void far *)&mm, (void far *)MK_FP(_es, _di), bytes);

    mm.cylinders = ((_ecx >> 8) & 0xff) + ((_ecx & 0xc0) << 2) + 1;
    mm.heads = ((_edx >> 8) & 0xff) + 1;
    mm.sectors = (_ecx & 0x3f);

    return &mm;
}

const char *bootloadername(uint8_t id)
{
    static const struct {
	uint8_t id, mask;
	const char *name;
    } *lp, list[] = {
	{0x00, 0xf0, "LILO"}, 
	{0x10, 0xf0, "LOADLIN"},
	{0x31, 0xff, "SYSLINUX"},
	{0x32, 0xff, "PXELINUX"},
	{0x33, 0xff, "ISOLINUX"},
	{0x34, 0xff, "EXTLINUX"},
	{0x30, 0xf0, "SYSLINUX family"},
	{0x40, 0xf0, "Etherboot"},
	{0x50, 0xf0, "ELILO"},
	{0x70, 0xf0, "GrUB"},
	{0x80, 0xf0, "U-Boot"},
	{0xA0, 0xf0, "Gujin"},
	{0xB0, 0xf0, "Qemu"},
	{0x00, 0x00, "unknown"}
    };

    for (lp = list;; lp++) {
	if (((id ^ lp->id) & lp->mask) == 0)
	    return lp->name;
    }
}

int main(int argc, char *argv[])
{
    int d;
    int found = 0;
    struct memdiskinfo *m;

    for (d = 0; d <= 0xff; d++) {
	if ((m = query_memdisk(d)) != NULL) {
	    printf("Drive %02X is MEMDISK %u.%02u:\n"
		   "\tAddress = 0x%08lx, len = %lu sectors, chs = %u/%u/%u,\n"
		   "\tloader = 0x%02x (%s),\n"
		   "\tcmdline = %Fs\n",
		   d, m->version >> 8, m->version & 0xff,
		   m->base, m->size, m->cylinders, m->heads, m->sectors,
		   m->bootloaderid, bootloadername(m->bootloaderid),
		   m->cmdline);
	    found++;
	}
    }

    return found;
}