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/*
 * jidctflt.c
 *
 * Copyright (C) 1994-1998, Thomas G. Lane.
 * This file is part of the Independent JPEG Group's software.
 *
 * The authors make NO WARRANTY or representation, either express or implied,
 * with respect to this software, its quality, accuracy, merchantability, or
 * fitness for a particular purpose.  This software is provided "AS IS", and you,
 * its user, assume the entire risk as to its quality and accuracy.
 *
 * This software is copyright (C) 1991-1998, Thomas G. Lane.
 * All Rights Reserved except as specified below.
 *
 * Permission is hereby granted to use, copy, modify, and distribute this
 * software (or portions thereof) for any purpose, without fee, subject to these
 * conditions:
 * (1) If any part of the source code for this software is distributed, then this
 * README file must be included, with this copyright and no-warranty notice
 * unaltered; and any additions, deletions, or changes to the original files
 * must be clearly indicated in accompanying documentation.
 * (2) If only executable code is distributed, then the accompanying
 * documentation must state that "this software is based in part on the work of
 * the Independent JPEG Group".
 * (3) Permission for use of this software is granted only if the user accepts
 * full responsibility for any undesirable consequences; the authors accept
 * NO LIABILITY for damages of any kind.
 *
 * These conditions apply to any software derived from or based on the IJG code,
 * not just to the unmodified library.  If you use our work, you ought to
 * acknowledge us.
 *
 * Permission is NOT granted for the use of any IJG author's name or company name
 * in advertising or publicity relating to this software or products derived from
 * it.  This software may be referred to only as "the Independent JPEG Group's
 * software".
 *
 * We specifically permit and encourage the use of this software as the basis of
 * commercial products, provided that all warranty or liability claims are
 * assumed by the product vendor.
 *
 *
 * This file contains a floating-point implementation of the
 * inverse DCT (Discrete Cosine Transform).  In the IJG code, this routine
 * must also perform dequantization of the input coefficients.
 *
 * This implementation should be more accurate than either of the integer
 * IDCT implementations.  However, it may not give the same results on all
 * machines because of differences in roundoff behavior.  Speed will depend
 * on the hardware's floating point capacity.
 *
 * A 2-D IDCT can be done by 1-D IDCT on each column followed by 1-D IDCT
 * on each row (or vice versa, but it's more convenient to emit a row at
 * a time).  Direct algorithms are also available, but they are much more
 * complex and seem not to be any faster when reduced to code.
 *
 * This implementation is based on Arai, Agui, and Nakajima's algorithm for
 * scaled DCT.  Their original paper (Trans. IEICE E-71(11):1095) is in
 * Japanese, but the algorithm is described in the Pennebaker & Mitchell
 * JPEG textbook (see REFERENCES section in file README).  The following code
 * is based directly on figure 4-8 in P&M.
 * While an 8-point DCT cannot be done in less than 11 multiplies, it is
 * possible to arrange the computation so that many of the multiplies are
 * simple scalings of the final outputs.  These multiplies can then be
 * folded into the multiplications or divisions by the JPEG quantization
 * table entries.  The AA&N method leaves only 5 multiplies and 29 adds
 * to be done in the DCT itself.
 * The primary disadvantage of this method is that with a fixed-point
 * implementation, accuracy is lost due to imprecise representation of the
 * scaled quantization values.  However, that problem does not arise if
 * we use floating point arithmetic.
 */

#include <stdint.h>
#include "tinyjpeg-internal.h"

#define FAST_FLOAT float
#define DCTSIZE	   8
#define DCTSIZE2   (DCTSIZE*DCTSIZE)

#define DEQUANTIZE(coef,quantval)  (((FAST_FLOAT) (coef)) * (quantval))

#if defined(__GNUC__) && defined(__i686__) || defined(__x86_64__)

static inline unsigned char descale_and_clamp(int x, int shift)
{
  __asm__ (
      "add %3,%1\n"
      "\tsar %2,%1\n"
      "\tsub $-128,%1\n"
      "\tcmovl %5,%1\n"	/* Use the sub to compare to 0 */
      "\tcmpl %4,%1\n"
      "\tcmovg %4,%1\n"
      : "=r"(x)
      : "0"(x), "i"(shift), "i"(1UL<<(shift-1)), "r" (0xff), "r" (0)
      );
  return x;
}

#else
static inline unsigned char descale_and_clamp(int x, int shift)
{
  x += (1UL<<(shift-1));
  if (x<0)
    x = (x >> shift) | ((~(0UL)) << (32-(shift)));
  else
    x >>= shift;
  x += 128;
  if (x>255)
    return 255;
  else if (x<0)
    return 0;
  else
    return x;
}
#endif

/*
 * Perform dequantization and inverse DCT on one block of coefficients.
 */

void
jpeg_idct_float (struct component *compptr, uint8_t *output_buf, int stride)
{
  FAST_FLOAT tmp0, tmp1, tmp2, tmp3, tmp4, tmp5, tmp6, tmp7;
  FAST_FLOAT tmp10, tmp11, tmp12, tmp13;
  FAST_FLOAT z5, z10, z11, z12, z13;
  int16_t *inptr;
  FAST_FLOAT *quantptr;
  FAST_FLOAT *wsptr;
  uint8_t *outptr;
  int ctr;
  FAST_FLOAT workspace[DCTSIZE2]; /* buffers data between passes */

  /* Pass 1: process columns from input, store into work array. */

  inptr = compptr->DCT;
  quantptr = compptr->Q_table;
  wsptr = workspace;
  for (ctr = DCTSIZE; ctr > 0; ctr--) {
    /* Due to quantization, we will usually find that many of the input
     * coefficients are zero, especially the AC terms.  We can exploit this
     * by short-circuiting the IDCT calculation for any column in which all
     * the AC terms are zero.  In that case each output is equal to the
     * DC coefficient (with scale factor as needed).
     * With typical images and quantization tables, half or more of the
     * column DCT calculations can be simplified this way.
     */

    if (inptr[DCTSIZE*1] == 0 && inptr[DCTSIZE*2] == 0 &&
	inptr[DCTSIZE*3] == 0 && inptr[DCTSIZE*4] == 0 &&
	inptr[DCTSIZE*5] == 0 && inptr[DCTSIZE*6] == 0 &&
	inptr[DCTSIZE*7] == 0) {
      /* AC terms all zero */
      FAST_FLOAT dcval = DEQUANTIZE(inptr[DCTSIZE*0], quantptr[DCTSIZE*0]);

      wsptr[DCTSIZE*0] = dcval;
      wsptr[DCTSIZE*1] = dcval;
      wsptr[DCTSIZE*2] = dcval;
      wsptr[DCTSIZE*3] = dcval;
      wsptr[DCTSIZE*4] = dcval;
      wsptr[DCTSIZE*5] = dcval;
      wsptr[DCTSIZE*6] = dcval;
      wsptr[DCTSIZE*7] = dcval;

      inptr++;			/* advance pointers to next column */
      quantptr++;
      wsptr++;
      continue;
    }

    /* Even part */

    tmp0 = DEQUANTIZE(inptr[DCTSIZE*0], quantptr[DCTSIZE*0]);
    tmp1 = DEQUANTIZE(inptr[DCTSIZE*2], quantptr[DCTSIZE*2]);
    tmp2 = DEQUANTIZE(inptr[DCTSIZE*4], quantptr[DCTSIZE*4]);
    tmp3 = DEQUANTIZE(inptr[DCTSIZE*6], quantptr[DCTSIZE*6]);

    tmp10 = tmp0 + tmp2;	/* phase 3 */
    tmp11 = tmp0 - tmp2;

    tmp13 = tmp1 + tmp3;	/* phases 5-3 */
    tmp12 = (tmp1 - tmp3) * ((FAST_FLOAT) 1.414213562) - tmp13; /* 2*c4 */

    tmp0 = tmp10 + tmp13;	/* phase 2 */
    tmp3 = tmp10 - tmp13;
    tmp1 = tmp11 + tmp12;
    tmp2 = tmp11 - tmp12;

    /* Odd part */

    tmp4 = DEQUANTIZE(inptr[DCTSIZE*1], quantptr[DCTSIZE*1]);
    tmp5 = DEQUANTIZE(inptr[DCTSIZE*3], quantptr[DCTSIZE*3]);
    tmp6 = DEQUANTIZE(inptr[DCTSIZE*5], quantptr[DCTSIZE*5]);
    tmp7 = DEQUANTIZE(inptr[DCTSIZE*7], quantptr[DCTSIZE*7]);

    z13 = tmp6 + tmp5;		/* phase 6 */
    z10 = tmp6 - tmp5;
    z11 = tmp4 + tmp7;
    z12 = tmp4 - tmp7;

    tmp7 = z11 + z13;		/* phase 5 */
    tmp11 = (z11 - z13) * ((FAST_FLOAT) 1.414213562); /* 2*c4 */

    z5 = (z10 + z12) * ((FAST_FLOAT) 1.847759065); /* 2*c2 */
    tmp10 = ((FAST_FLOAT) 1.082392200) * z12 - z5; /* 2*(c2-c6) */
    tmp12 = ((FAST_FLOAT) -2.613125930) * z10 + z5; /* -2*(c2+c6) */

    tmp6 = tmp12 - tmp7;	/* phase 2 */
    tmp5 = tmp11 - tmp6;
    tmp4 = tmp10 + tmp5;

    wsptr[DCTSIZE*0] = tmp0 + tmp7;
    wsptr[DCTSIZE*7] = tmp0 - tmp7;
    wsptr[DCTSIZE*1] = tmp1 + tmp6;
    wsptr[DCTSIZE*6] = tmp1 - tmp6;
    wsptr[DCTSIZE*2] = tmp2 + tmp5;
    wsptr[DCTSIZE*5] = tmp2 - tmp5;
    wsptr[DCTSIZE*4] = tmp3 + tmp4;
    wsptr[DCTSIZE*3] = tmp3 - tmp4;

    inptr++;			/* advance pointers to next column */
    quantptr++;
    wsptr++;
  }

  /* Pass 2: process rows from work array, store into output array. */
  /* Note that we must descale the results by a factor of 8 == 2**3. */

  wsptr = workspace;
  outptr = output_buf;
  for (ctr = 0; ctr < DCTSIZE; ctr++) {
    /* Rows of zeroes can be exploited in the same way as we did with columns.
     * However, the column calculation has created many nonzero AC terms, so
     * the simplification applies less often (typically 5% to 10% of the time).
     * And testing floats for zero is relatively expensive, so we don't bother.
     */

    /* Even part */

    tmp10 = wsptr[0] + wsptr[4];
    tmp11 = wsptr[0] - wsptr[4];

    tmp13 = wsptr[2] + wsptr[6];
    tmp12 = (wsptr[2] - wsptr[6]) * ((FAST_FLOAT) 1.414213562) - tmp13;

    tmp0 = tmp10 + tmp13;
    tmp3 = tmp10 - tmp13;
    tmp1 = tmp11 + tmp12;
    tmp2 = tmp11 - tmp12;

    /* Odd part */

    z13 = wsptr[5] + wsptr[3];
    z10 = wsptr[5] - wsptr[3];
    z11 = wsptr[1] + wsptr[7];
    z12 = wsptr[1] - wsptr[7];

    tmp7 = z11 + z13;
    tmp11 = (z11 - z13) * ((FAST_FLOAT) 1.414213562);

    z5 = (z10 + z12) * ((FAST_FLOAT) 1.847759065); /* 2*c2 */
    tmp10 = ((FAST_FLOAT) 1.082392200) * z12 - z5; /* 2*(c2-c6) */
    tmp12 = ((FAST_FLOAT) -2.613125930) * z10 + z5; /* -2*(c2+c6) */

    tmp6 = tmp12 - tmp7;
    tmp5 = tmp11 - tmp6;
    tmp4 = tmp10 + tmp5;

    /* Final output stage: scale down by a factor of 8 and range-limit */

    outptr[0] = descale_and_clamp(tmp0 + tmp7, 3);
    outptr[7] = descale_and_clamp(tmp0 - tmp7, 3);
    outptr[1] = descale_and_clamp(tmp1 + tmp6, 3);
    outptr[6] = descale_and_clamp(tmp1 - tmp6, 3);
    outptr[2] = descale_and_clamp(tmp2 + tmp5, 3);
    outptr[5] = descale_and_clamp(tmp2 - tmp5, 3);
    outptr[4] = descale_and_clamp(tmp3 + tmp4, 3);
    outptr[3] = descale_and_clamp(tmp3 - tmp4, 3);


    wsptr += DCTSIZE;		/* advance pointer to next row */
    outptr += stride;
  }
}