aboutsummaryrefslogtreecommitdiffstats
path: root/bcopy32.inc
blob: 4910fbb045d338dac416becdfce4fc1fa106cfdc (plain)
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50
51
52
53
54
55
56
57
58
59
60
61
62
63
64
65
66
67
68
69
70
71
72
73
74
75
76
77
78
79
80
81
82
83
84
85
86
87
88
89
90
91
92
93
94
95
96
97
98
99
100
101
102
103
104
105
106
107
108
109
110
111
112
113
114
115
116
117
118
119
120
121
122
123
124
125
126
127
128
129
130
131
132
133
134
135
136
137
138
139
140
141
142
143
144
145
146
147
148
149
150
151
152
153
154
155
156
157
158
159
160
161
162
163
164
165
166
167
168
169
170
171
172
173
174
175
176
177
178
179
180
181
182
183
184
185
186
187
188
189
190
191
192
193
194
195
196
197
198
199
200
201
202
203
204
205
206
207
208
209
210
211
212
213
214
215
216
217
218
219
220
221
222
223
224
225
226
227
228
229
230
231
232
233
234
235
236
237
238
239
240
241
242
243
244
245
246
247
248
249
250
251
252
253
254
255
256
257
258
259
260
261
262
263
264
265
266
267
268
269
270
271
272
273
274
275
276
277
278
279
280
281
282
283
284
285
286
287
288
289
290
291
292
293
294
295
296
297
298
299
300
301
302
303
304
305
306
307
308
309
310
311
312
313
314
315
316
317
318
319
320
321
322
323
324
325
326
327
328
329
330
331
332
333
334
335
336
337
338
339
340
341
342
343
344
345
346
347
348
349
350
351
352
353
354
355
356
357
358
359
360
361
362
363
364
365
366
367
368
369
370
371
372
373
374
375
376
377
378
379
380
381
382
383
384
385
386
387
388
389
390
391
392
393
394
395
396
397
398
399
400
401
402
403
404
405
406
407
408
409
410
411
412
413
414
415
416
417
418
419
420
421
422
423
424
425
426
427
428
429
430
431
432
433
434
435
436
437
438
439
440
441
442
443
444
445
446
447
;; $Id$
;; -----------------------------------------------------------------------
;;   
;;   Copyright 1994-2002 H. Peter Anvin - All Rights Reserved
;;
;;   This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
;;   it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
;;   the Free Software Foundation, Inc., 53 Temple Place Ste 330,
;;   Bostom MA 02111-1307, USA; either version 2 of the License, or
;;   (at your option) any later version; incorporated herein by reference.
;;
;; -----------------------------------------------------------------------

;;
;; bcopy32.inc
;; 
;; 32-bit bcopy routine for real mode
;;

;
; 32-bit bcopy routine for real mode
;
; We enter protected mode, set up a flat 32-bit environment, run rep movsd
; and then exit.  IMPORTANT: This code assumes cs == 0.
;
; This code is probably excessively anal-retentive in its handling of
; segments, but this stuff is painful enough as it is without having to rely
; on everything happening "as it ought to."
;
; IMPORTANT: This code must be capable of operating when copied to the
; trackbuf area (1000h).  The routine bcopy_over_self handles this mode
; of operation, including any necessary adjustments.
;
		align 4
__bcopy_start:

bcopy_gdt:	dw bcopy_gdt_size-1	; Null descriptor - contains GDT
.adj1:		dd bcopy_gdt		; pointer for LGDT instruction
		dw 0
		dd 0000ffffh		; Code segment, use16, readable,
		dd 00009b00h		; present, dpl 0, cover 64K
		dd 0000ffffh		; Data segment, use16, read/write,
		dd 008f9300h		; present, dpl 0, cover all 4G
		dd 0000ffffh		; Data segment, use16, read/write,
		dd 00009300h		; present, dpl 0, cover 64K
bcopy_gdt_size:	equ $-bcopy_gdt

;
; bcopy:
;	32-bit copy
;
; Inputs:
;	ESI	- source pointer
;	EDI	- target pointer
;	ECX	- byte count
;	DF	- zero
;
; Outputs:
;	ESI	- first byte after source
;	EDI	- first byte after target
;	ECX	- zero
;
bcopy:		push eax
		pushf			; Saves, among others, the IF flag
		push gs
		push fs
		push ds
		push es
		mov [cs:SavedSSSP],sp
		mov ax,ss
		mov [cs:SavedSSSP+2],ax

		cli
		call enable_a20

.adj2:		o32 lgdt [cs:bcopy_gdt]
		mov eax,cr0
		or al,1
		mov cr0,eax		; Enter protected mode
		jmp 08h:.in_pm

.in_pm:		mov ax,10h		; Data segment selector
		mov es,ax
		mov ds,ax

		mov al,18h		; "Real-mode-like" data segment
		mov ss,ax
		mov fs,ax
		mov gs,ax	

		mov al,cl		; Save low bits
		shr ecx,2		; Convert to dwords
		a32 rep movsd		; Do our business

		test al,2
		jz .noword
		a32 movsw
.noword:
		test al,1
		jz .nobyte
		a32 movsb
.nobyte:
		
		mov es,ax		; Set to "real-mode-like"
		mov ds,ax
	
		mov eax,cr0
		and al,~1
		mov cr0,eax		; Disable protected mode
.adj3:		jmp 0:.in_rm

.in_rm:		; Back in real mode
		lss sp,[cs:SavedSSSP]
		pop es
		pop ds
		pop fs
		pop gs
		call disable_a20

		popf			; Re-enables interrupts
		pop eax
		ret

;
; Routines to enable and disable (yuck) A20.  These routines are gathered
; from tips from a couple of sources, including the Linux kernel and
; http://www.x86.org/.  The need for the delay to be as large as given here
; is indicated by Donnie Barnes of RedHat, the problematic system being an
; IBM ThinkPad 760EL.
;
; We typically toggle A20 twice for every 64K transferred.
; 
%define	io_delay	call _io_delay
%define IO_DELAY_PORT	80h		; Invalid port (we hope!)
%define disable_wait 	32		; How long to wait for a disable

%define A20_DUNNO	0		; A20 type unknown
%define A20_NONE	1		; A20 always on?
%define A20_BIOS	2		; A20 BIOS enable
%define A20_KBC		3		; A20 through KBC
%define A20_FAST	4		; A20 through port 92h

		align 2
A20List		dw a20_dunno, a20_none, a20_bios, a20_kbc, a20_fast
A20DList	dw a20d_dunno, a20d_none, a20d_bios, a20d_kbc, a20d_fast
a20_adjust_cnt	equ ($-A20List)/2
A20Type		dw A20_DUNNO		; A20 type unknown

slow_out:	out dx, al		; Fall through

_io_delay:	out IO_DELAY_PORT,al
		out IO_DELAY_PORT,al
		ret

enable_a20:
		pushad
		mov byte [cs:A20Tries],255 ; Times to try to make this work

try_enable_a20:
;
; Flush the caches
;
;		call try_wbinvd

;
; If the A20 type is known, jump straight to type
;
		mov bp,[cs:A20Type]
		add bp,bp			; Convert to word offset
.adj4:		jmp word [cs:bp+A20List]

;
; First, see if we are on a system with no A20 gate
;
a20_dunno:
a20_none:
		mov byte [cs:A20Type], A20_NONE
		call a20_test
		jnz a20_done

;
; Next, try the BIOS (INT 15h AX=2401h)
;
a20_bios:
		mov byte [cs:A20Type], A20_BIOS
		mov ax,2401h
		pushf				; Some BIOSes muck with IF
		int 15h
		popf

		call a20_test
		jnz a20_done

;
; Enable the keyboard controller A20 gate
;
a20_kbc:
		mov dl, 1			; Allow early exit
		call empty_8042
		jnz a20_done			; A20 live, no need to use KBC

		mov byte [cs:A20Type], A20_KBC	; Starting KBC command sequence

		mov al,0D1h			; Command write
		out 064h, al
		call empty_8042_uncond

		mov al,0DFh			; A20 on
		out 060h, al
		call empty_8042_uncond

		; Verify that A20 actually is enabled.  Do that by
		; observing a word in low memory and the same word in
		; the HMA until they are no longer coherent.  Note that
		; we don't do the same check in the disable case, because
		; we don't want to *require* A20 masking (SYSLINUX should
		; work fine without it, if the BIOS does.)
.kbc_wait:	push cx
		xor cx,cx
.kbc_wait_loop:
		call a20_test
		jnz a20_done_pop
		loop .kbc_wait_loop

		pop cx
;
; Running out of options here.  Final attempt: enable the "fast A20 gate"
;
a20_fast:
		mov byte [cs:A20Type], A20_FAST	; Haven't used the KBC yet
		in al, 092h
		or al,02h
		and al,~01h			; Don't accidentally reset the machine!
		out 092h, al

.fast_wait:	push cx
		xor cx,cx
.fast_wait_loop:
		call a20_test
		jnz a20_done_pop
		loop .fast_wait_loop

		pop cx

;
; Oh bugger.  A20 is not responding.  Try frobbing it again; eventually give up
; and report failure to the user.
;


		dec byte [cs:A20Tries]
		jnz try_enable_a20

		mov si, err_a20
		jmp abort_load
;
; A20 unmasked, proceed...
;
a20_done_pop:	pop cx
a20_done:	popad
		ret

;
; This routine tests if A20 is enabled (ZF = 0).  This routine
; must not destroy any register contents.
;
a20_test:
		push es
		push cx
		push ax
		mov cx,0FFFFh		; HMA = segment 0FFFFh
		mov es,cx
		mov cx,32		; Loop count
		mov ax,[cs:A20Test]
.a20_wait:	inc ax
		mov [cs:A20Test],ax
		io_delay		; Serialize, and fix delay
		cmp ax,[es:A20Test+10h]
		loopz .a20_wait
.a20_done:	pop ax
		pop cx
		pop es
		ret

disable_a20:
		pushad
;
; Flush the caches
;
;		call try_wbinvd

		mov bp,[cs:A20Type]
		add bp,bp			; Convert to word offset
.adj5:		jmp word [cs:bp+A20DList]

a20d_bios:
		mov ax,2400h
		pushf				; Some BIOSes muck with IF
		int 15h
		popf
		jmp short a20d_snooze

;
; Disable the "fast A20 gate"
;
a20d_fast:
		in al, 092h
		and al,~03h
		out 092h, al
		jmp short a20d_snooze

;
; Disable the keyboard controller A20 gate
;
a20d_kbc:
		call empty_8042_uncond
		mov al,0D1h
		out 064h, al		; Command write
		call empty_8042_uncond
		mov al,0DDh		; A20 off
		out 060h, al
		call empty_8042_uncond
		; Wait a bit for it to take effect
a20d_snooze:
		push cx
		mov cx, disable_wait
.delayloop:	call a20_test
		jz .disabled
		loop .delayloop
.disabled:	pop cx
a20d_dunno:
a20d_none:
		popad
		ret

;
; Routine to empty the 8042 KBC controller.  If dl != 0
; then we will test A20 in the loop and exit if A20 is
; suddenly enabled.
;
empty_8042_uncond:
		xor dl,dl
empty_8042:
		call a20_test
		jz .a20_on
		and dl,dl
		jnz .done
.a20_on:	io_delay
		in al, 064h		; Status port
		test al,1
		jz .no_output
		io_delay
		in al, 060h		; Read input
		jmp short empty_8042
.no_output:
		test al,2
		jnz empty_8042
		io_delay
.done:		ret	

;
; WBINVD instruction; gets auto-eliminated on 386 CPUs
;
try_wbinvd:
		wbinvd
		ret

;
; bcopy_over_self:
;
; This routine is used to copy large blocks of code on top of
; conventional memory (to 0:7c00).  We therefore have to move
; necessary code into the trackbuf area before doing the copy,
; and do adjustments to anything except BSS area references.
;
; After performing the copy, this routine resets the stack and
; jumps to 0:7c00.
;
; IMPORTANT: This routine does not canonicalize the stack or the
; SS register.  That is the responsibility of the caller.
;
; Inputs:
;	ESI, EDI, ECX	- same as bcopy
;	EDX		- edx on invocation
;	EAX		- esi on invocation
;	EBX		- ebx on invocation
;	ES		- es on invocation
;
%define ADJUST	(__bcopy_start - trackbuf)

		align 2
adjlist		dw bcopy_gdt.adj1 - ADJUST
		dw bcopy.adj2 + 5 - ADJUST
		dw bcopy.adj3 + 1 - ADJUST
		dw try_enable_a20.adj4 + 3 - ADJUST
		dw disable_a20.adj5 + 3 - ADJUST
adjlist_cnt	equ ($-adjlist)/2

bcopy_over_self:
		push es
		push ebx
		push eax
		push edx
		push esi	
		push edi
		push ecx

		xor bx,bx
		mov es,bx
		mov ds,bx
		mov fs,bx
		mov gs,bx

		mov si,__bcopy_start
		mov di,trackbuf
		mov cx,(__bcopy_end - __bcopy_start + 3) >> 2
		rep movsd

		mov si,A20List - ADJUST
		mov cx,a20_adjust_cnt
.adjust1:
		sub word [si], ADJUST
		inc si
		inc si
		loop .adjust1

		mov si, adjlist
		mov cx, adjlist_cnt
.adjust2:
		lodsw
		xchg di,ax
		sub word [di], ADJUST
		loop .adjust2

		jmp .next-ADJUST
.next:
		pop ecx
		pop edi
		pop esi
		call bcopy
		
		pop edx
		pop esi
		pop ebx
		pop es
		jmp 0:7c00h
__bcopy_end: