aboutsummaryrefslogtreecommitdiffstats
path: root/runkernel.inc
blob: 165af9877afb9e619765ce107c242ab220369c13 (plain)
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50
51
52
53
54
55
56
57
58
59
60
61
62
63
64
65
66
67
68
69
70
71
72
73
74
75
76
77
78
79
80
81
82
83
84
85
86
87
88
89
90
91
92
93
94
95
96
97
98
99
100
101
102
103
104
105
106
107
108
109
110
111
112
113
114
115
116
117
118
119
120
121
122
123
124
125
126
127
128
129
130
131
132
133
134
135
136
137
138
139
140
141
142
143
144
145
146
147
148
149
150
151
152
153
154
155
156
157
158
159
160
161
162
163
164
165
166
167
168
169
170
171
172
173
174
175
176
177
178
179
180
181
182
183
184
185
186
187
188
189
190
191
192
193
194
195
196
197
198
199
200
201
202
203
204
205
206
207
208
209
210
211
212
213
214
215
216
217
218
219
220
221
222
223
224
225
226
227
228
229
230
231
232
233
234
235
236
237
238
239
240
241
242
243
244
245
246
247
248
249
250
251
252
253
254
255
256
257
258
259
260
261
262
263
264
265
266
267
268
269
270
271
272
273
274
275
276
277
278
279
280
281
282
283
284
285
286
287
288
289
290
291
292
293
294
295
296
297
298
299
300
301
302
303
304
305
306
307
308
309
310
311
312
313
314
315
316
317
318
319
320
321
322
323
324
325
326
327
328
329
330
331
332
333
334
335
336
337
338
339
340
341
342
343
344
345
346
347
348
349
350
351
352
353
354
355
356
357
358
359
360
361
362
363
364
365
366
367
368
369
370
371
372
373
374
375
376
377
378
379
380
381
382
383
384
385
386
387
388
389
390
391
392
393
394
395
396
397
398
399
400
401
402
403
404
405
406
407
408
409
410
411
412
413
414
415
416
417
418
419
420
421
422
423
424
425
426
427
428
429
430
431
432
433
434
435
436
437
438
439
440
441
442
443
444
445
446
447
448
449
450
451
452
453
454
455
456
457
458
459
460
461
462
463
464
465
466
467
468
469
470
471
472
473
474
475
476
477
478
479
480
481
482
483
484
485
486
487
488
489
490
491
492
493
494
495
496
497
498
499
500
501
502
503
504
505
506
507
508
509
510
511
512
513
514
515
516
517
518
519
520
521
522
523
524
525
526
527
528
529
530
531
532
533
534
535
536
537
538
539
540
541
542
543
544
545
546
547
548
549
550
551
552
553
554
555
556
557
558
559
560
561
562
563
564
565
566
567
568
569
570
571
572
573
574
575
576
577
578
579
580
581
582
583
584
585
586
587
588
589
590
591
592
593
594
595
596
597
598
599
600
601
602
603
604
605
606
607
608
609
610
611
612
;; $Id$
;; -----------------------------------------------------------------------
;;   
;;   Copyright 1994-2002 H. Peter Anvin - All Rights Reserved
;;
;;   This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
;;   it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
;;   the Free Software Foundation, Inc., 53 Temple Place Ste 330,
;;   Bostom MA 02111-1307, USA; either version 2 of the License, or
;;   (at your option) any later version; incorporated herein by reference.
;;
;; -----------------------------------------------------------------------

;;
;; runkernel.inc
;; 
;; Common code for running a Linux kernel
;;

;
; Hook macros, that may or may not be defined
;
%ifndef HAVE_SPECIAL_APPEND
%macro SPECIAL_APPEND 0
%endmacro
%endif

%ifndef HAVE_UNLOAD_PREP
%macro UNLOAD_PREP 0
%endmacro
%endif

;
; A Linux kernel consists of three parts: boot sector, setup code, and
; kernel code.	The boot sector is never executed when using an external
; booting utility, but it contains some status bytes that are necessary.
;
; First check that our kernel is at least 1K and less than 8M (if it is
; more than 8M, we need to change the logic for loading it anyway...)
;
; We used to require the kernel to be 64K or larger, but it has gotten
; popular to use the Linux kernel format for other things, which may
; not be so large.
;
is_linux_kernel:
                cmp dx,80h			; 8 megs
		ja near kernel_corrupt
		and dx,dx
		jnz kernel_sane
		cmp ax,1024			; Bootsect + 1 setup sect
		jb near kernel_corrupt
kernel_sane:	push ax
		push dx
		push si
		mov si,loading_msg
                call cwritestr
;
; Now start transferring the kernel
;
		push word real_mode_seg
		pop es

		movzx eax,ax			; Fix this by using a 32-bit
		shl edx,16			; register for the kernel size
		or eax,edx
		mov [KernelSize],eax
		xor edx,edx
		div dword [ClustSize]		; # of clusters total
		; Round up...
		add edx,byte -1			; Sets CF if EDX >= 1
		adc eax,byte 0			; Add 1 to EAX if CF set
                mov [KernelClust],eax

;
; Now, if we transfer these straight, we'll hit 64K boundaries.	 Hence we
; have to see if we're loading more than 64K, and if so, load it step by
; step.
;

;
; Start by loading the bootsector/setup code, to see if we need to
; do something funky.  It should fit in the first 32K (loading 64K won't
; work since we might have funny stuff up near the end of memory).
; If we have larger than 32K clusters, yes, we're hosed.
;
		call abort_check		; Check for abort key
		mov ecx,[ClustPerMoby]
		shr ecx,1			; Half a moby
		cmp ecx,[KernelClust]
		jna .normalkernel
		mov ecx,[KernelClust]
.normalkernel:
		sub [KernelClust],ecx
		xor bx,bx
                pop si                          ; Cluster pointer on stack
		call getfssec
                cmp word [es:bs_bootsign],0AA55h
		jne near kernel_corrupt		; Boot sec signature missing
;
; Get the BIOS' idea of what the size of high memory is.
;
		push si				; Save our cluster pointer!
;
; First, try INT 15:E820 (get BIOS memory map)
;
get_e820:
		push es
		xor ebx,ebx			; Start with first record
		mov es,bx			; Need ES = DS = 0 for now
		jmp short .do_e820		; Skip "at end" check first time!
.int_loop:	and ebx,ebx			; If we're back at beginning...
		jz no_e820			; ... bail; nothing found
.do_e820:	mov eax,0000E820h
		mov edx,534D4150h		; "SMAP" backwards
		mov ecx,20
		mov di,E820Buf
		int 15h
		jc no_e820
		cmp eax,534D4150h
		jne no_e820
;
; Look for a memory block starting at <= 1 MB and continuing upward
;
		cmp dword [E820Buf+4], byte 0
		ja .int_loop			; Start >= 4 GB?
		mov edx, (1 << 20)
		sub edx, [E820Buf]
		jb .int_loop			; Start >= 1 MB?
		mov eax, 0FFFFFFFFh
		cmp dword [E820Buf+12], byte 0
		ja .huge			; Size >= 4 GB
		mov eax, [E820Buf+8]
.huge:		sub eax, edx			; Adjust size to start at 1 MB
		jbe .int_loop			; Completely below 1 MB?

		; Now EAX contains the size of memory 1 MB...up
		cmp dword [E820Buf+16], byte 1
		jne near err_nohighmem		; High memory isn't usable memory!!!!

		; We're good!
		pop es
		jmp short got_highmem_add1mb	; Still need to add low 1 MB

;
; INT 15:E820 failed.  Try INT 15:E801.
;
no_e820:	pop es

		mov ax,0e801h			; Query high memory (semi-recent)
		int 15h
		jc no_e801
		cmp ax,3c00h
		ja no_e801			; > 3C00h something's wrong with this call
		jb e801_hole			; If memory hole we can only use low part

		mov ax,bx
		shl eax,16			; 64K chunks
		add eax,(16 << 20)		; Add first 16M
		jmp short got_highmem				

;
; INT 15:E801 failed.  Try INT 15:88.
;
no_e801:
		mov ah,88h			; Query high memory (oldest)
		int 15h
		cmp ax,14*1024			; Don't trust memory >15M
		jna e801_hole
		mov ax,14*1024
e801_hole:
		and eax,0ffffh
		shl eax,10			; Convert from kilobytes
got_highmem_add1mb:
		add eax,(1 << 20)		; First megabyte
got_highmem:
%if HIGHMEM_SLOP != 0
		sub eax,HIGHMEM_SLOP
%endif
		mov [HighMemSize],eax

;
; Construct the command line (append options have already been copied)
;
construct_cmdline:
		mov di,[CmdLinePtr]
                mov si,boot_image        	; BOOT_IMAGE=
                mov cx,boot_image_len
                rep movsb
                mov si,KernelCName       	; Unmangled kernel name
                mov cx,[KernelCNameLen]
                rep movsb
                mov al,' '                      ; Space
                stosb

		SPECIAL_APPEND			; Module-specific hook

                mov si,[CmdOptPtr]              ; Options from user input
		mov cx,(kern_cmd_len+3) >> 2
		rep movsd

;
; Scan through the command line for anything that looks like we might be
; interested in.  The original version of this code automatically assumed
; the first option was BOOT_IMAGE=, but that is no longer certain.
;
		mov si,cmd_line_here
                mov byte [initrd_flag],0
                push es				; Set DS <- real_mode_seg
                pop ds
get_next_opt:   lodsb
		and al,al
		jz near cmdline_end
		cmp al,' '
		jbe get_next_opt
		dec si
                mov eax,[si]
                cmp eax,'vga='
		je is_vga_cmd
                cmp eax,'mem='
		je is_mem_cmd
                push es                         ; Save ES -> real_mode_seg
                push cs
                pop es                          ; Set ES <- normal DS
                mov di,initrd_cmd
		mov cx,initrd_cmd_len
		repe cmpsb
                jne not_initrd
		mov di,InitRD
                push si                         ; mangle_dir mangles si
                call mangle_name                ; Mangle ramdisk name
                pop si
		cmp byte [es:InitRD],NULLFILE	; Null filename?
                seta byte [es:initrd_flag]	; Set flag if not
not_initrd:	pop es                          ; Restore ES -> real_mode_seg
skip_this_opt:  lodsb                           ; Load from command line
                cmp al,' '
                ja skip_this_opt
                dec si
                jmp short get_next_opt
is_vga_cmd:
                add si,byte 4
                mov eax,[si]
                mov bx,-1
                cmp eax, 'norm'                 ; vga=normal
                je vc0
                and eax,0ffffffh		; 3 bytes
                mov bx,-2
                cmp eax, 'ext'                  ; vga=ext
                je vc0
                mov bx,-3
                cmp eax, 'ask'                  ; vga=ask
                je vc0
                call parseint                   ; vga=<number>
		jc skip_this_opt		; Not an integer
vc0:		mov [bs_vidmode],bx		; Set video mode
		jmp short skip_this_opt
is_mem_cmd:
                add si,byte 4
                call parseint
		jc skip_this_opt		; Not an integer
%if HIGHMEM_SLOP != 0
		sub ebx,HIGHMEM_SLOP
%endif
		mov [cs:HighMemSize],ebx
		jmp short skip_this_opt
cmdline_end:
                push cs                         ; Restore standard DS
                pop ds
		sub si,cmd_line_here
		mov [CmdLineLen],si		; Length including final null
;
; Now check if we have a large kernel, which needs to be loaded high
;
		mov dword [RamdiskMax], HIGHMEM_MAX	; Default initrd limit
		cmp dword [es:su_header],HEADER_ID	; New setup code ID
		jne near old_kernel		; Old kernel, load low
		cmp word [es:su_version],0200h	; Setup code version 2.0
		jb near old_kernel		; Old kernel, load low
                cmp word [es:su_version],0201h	; Version 2.01+?
                jb new_kernel                   ; If 2.00, skip this step
                mov word [es:su_heapend],linux_stack	; Set up the heap
                or byte [es:su_loadflags],80h	; Let the kernel know we care
		cmp word [es:su_version],0203h	; Version 2.03+?
		jb new_kernel			; Not 2.03+
		mov eax,[es:su_ramdisk_max]
		mov [RamdiskMax],eax		; Set the ramdisk limit

;
; We definitely have a new-style kernel.  Let the kernel know who we are,
; and that we are clueful
;
new_kernel:
		mov byte [es:su_loader],my_id	; Show some ID
		movzx ax,byte [es:bs_setupsecs]	; Variable # of setup sectors
		mov [SetupSecs],ax
;
; About to load the kernel.  This is a modern kernel, so use the boot flags
; we were provided.
;
                mov al,[es:su_loadflags]
		mov [LoadFlags],al
;
; Load the kernel.  We always load it at 100000h even if we're supposed to
; load it "low"; for a "low" load we copy it down to low memory right before
; jumping to it.
;
read_kernel:
                mov si,KernelCName		; Print kernel name part of
                call cwritestr                  ; "Loading" message
                mov si,dotdot_msg		; Print dots
                call cwritestr

                mov eax,[HighMemSize]
		sub eax,100000h			; Load address
		cmp eax,[KernelSize]
		jb near no_high_mem		; Not enough high memory
;
; Move the stuff beyond the setup code to high memory at 100000h
;
		movzx esi,word [SetupSecs]	; Setup sectors
		inc si				; plus 1 boot sector
                shl si,9			; Convert to bytes
                mov ecx,8000h			; 32K
		sub ecx,esi			; Number of bytes to copy
		push ecx
		add esi,(real_mode_seg << 4)	; Pointer to source
                mov edi,100000h                 ; Copy to address 100000h

                call bcopy			; Transfer to high memory

		; On exit EDI -> where to load the rest

                mov si,dot_msg			; Progress report
                call cwritestr
                call abort_check

		pop ecx				; Number of bytes in the initial portion
		pop si				; Restore file handle/cluster pointer
		mov eax,[KernelSize]
		sub eax,ecx			; Amount of kernel left over
		jbe high_load_done		; Zero left (tiny kernel)

		call load_high			; Copy the file

high_load_done:
                mov ax,real_mode_seg		; Set to real mode seg
                mov es,ax

                mov si,dot_msg
                call cwritestr

;
; Now see if we have an initial RAMdisk; if so, do requisite computation
; We know we have a new kernel; the old_kernel code already will have objected
; if we tried to load initrd using an old kernel
;
load_initrd:
                test byte [initrd_flag],1
                jz near nk_noinitrd
                push es                         ; ES->real_mode_seg
                push ds
                pop es                          ; We need ES==DS
                mov si,InitRD
                mov di,InitRDCName
                call unmangle_name              ; Create human-readable name
                sub di,InitRDCName
                mov [InitRDCNameLen],di
                mov di,InitRD
                call searchdir                  ; Look for it in directory
                pop es
		jz initrd_notthere
		mov [es:su_ramdisklen1],ax	; Ram disk length
		mov [es:su_ramdisklen2],dx
		mov edx,[HighMemSize]		; End of memory
		dec edx
		mov eax,[RamdiskMax]		; Highest address allowed by kernel
		cmp edx,eax
		jna memsize_ok
		mov edx,eax			; Adjust to fit inside limit
memsize_ok:
		inc edx
                xor dx,dx			; Round down to 64K boundary
		sub edx,[es:su_ramdisklen]	; Subtract size of ramdisk
                xor dx,dx			; Round down to 64K boundary
                mov [es:su_ramdiskat],edx	; Load address
		call loadinitrd			; Load initial ramdisk
		jmp short initrd_end

initrd_notthere:
                mov si,err_noinitrd
                call cwritestr
                mov si,InitRDCName
                call cwritestr
                mov si,crlf_msg
                jmp abort_load

no_high_mem:    mov si,err_nohighmem		; Error routine
                jmp abort_load

initrd_end:
nk_noinitrd:
;
; Abandon hope, ye that enter here!  We do no longer permit aborts.
;
                call abort_check        	; Last chance!!

		mov si,ready_msg
		call cwritestr

		call vgaclearmode		; We can't trust ourselves after this

		UNLOAD_PREP			; Module-specific hook

;
; Now, if we were supposed to load "low", copy the kernel down to 10000h
; and the real mode stuff to 90000h.  We assume that all bzImage kernels are
; capable of starting their setup from a different address.
;
		mov ax,real_mode_seg
		mov fs,ax

;
; Copy command line.  Unfortunately, the kernel boot protocol requires
; the command line to exist in the 9xxxxh range even if the rest of the
; setup doesn't.
;
		cli				; In case of hooked interrupts
		test byte [LoadFlags],LOAD_HIGH
		jz need_high_cmdline
		cmp word [fs:su_version],0202h	; Support new cmdline protocol?
		jb need_high_cmdline
		; New cmdline protocol
		; Store 32-bit (flat) pointer to command line
		mov dword [fs:su_cmd_line_ptr],(real_mode_seg << 4) + cmd_line_here
		jmp short in_proper_place

need_high_cmdline:
;
; Copy command line up to 90000h
;
		mov ax,9000h
		mov es,ax
		mov si,cmd_line_here
		mov di,si
		mov [fs:kern_cmd_magic],word CMD_MAGIC ; Store magic
		mov [fs:kern_cmd_offset],di	; Store pointer

		mov cx,[CmdLineLen]
		add cx,byte 3
		shr cx,2			; Convert to dwords
		fs rep movsd

		push fs
		pop es

		test byte [LoadFlags],LOAD_HIGH
		jnz in_proper_place		; If high load, we're done

;
; Loading low; we can't assume it's safe to run in place.
;
; Copy real_mode stuff up to 90000h
;
		mov ax,9000h
		mov es,ax
		mov cx,[SetupSecs]
		inc cx				; Setup + boot sector
		shl cx,7			; Sectors -> dwords
		xor si,si
		xor di,di
		fs rep movsd			; Copy setup + boot sector
;
; Some kernels in the 1.2 ballpark but pre-bzImage have more than 4
; setup sectors, but the boot protocol had not yet been defined.  They
; rely on a signature to figure out if they need to copy stuff from
; the "protected mode" kernel area.  Unfortunately, we used that area
; as a transfer buffer, so it's going to find the signature there.
; Hence, zero the low 32K beyond the setup area.
;
		mov di,[SetupSecs]
		inc di				; Setup + boot sector
		mov cx,32768/512		; Sectors/32K
		sub cx,di			; Remaining sectors
		shl di,9			; Sectors -> bytes
		shl cx,7			; Sectors -> dwords
		xor eax,eax
		rep stosd			; Clear region
;
; Copy the kernel down to the "low" location
;
		mov ecx,[KernelSize]
		mov esi,100000h
		mov edi,10000h
		call bcopy

;
; Now everything is where it needs to be...
;
; When we get here, es points to the final segment, either
; 9000h or real_mode_seg
;
in_proper_place:

;
; If the default root device is set to FLOPPY (0000h), change to
; /dev/fd0 (0200h)
;
		cmp word [es:bs_rootdev],byte 0
		jne root_not_floppy
		mov word [es:bs_rootdev],0200h
root_not_floppy:
;
; Copy the disk table to high memory, then re-initialize the floppy
; controller
;
; This needs to be moved before the copy
;
%if 0
		push ds
		push bx
		lds si,[fdctab]
		mov di,linux_fdctab
		mov cx,3			; 12 bytes
		push di
		rep movsd
		pop di
		mov [fdctab1],di		; Save new floppy tab pos
		mov [fdctab2],es
		xor ax,ax
		xor dx,dx
		int 13h
		pop bx
		pop ds
%endif
;
; Linux wants the floppy motor shut off before starting the kernel,
; at least bootsect.S seems to imply so
;
kill_motor:
		mov dx,03F2h
		xor al,al
		call slow_out
;
; If we're debugging, wait for a keypress so we can read any debug messages
;
%ifdef debug
                xor ax,ax
                int 16h
%endif
;
; Set up segment registers and the Linux real-mode stack
; Note: es == the real mode segment
;
		cli
		mov bx,es
		mov ds,bx
		mov fs,bx
		mov gs,bx
		mov ss,bx
		mov sp,linux_stack
;
; We're done... now RUN THAT KERNEL!!!!
; Setup segment == real mode segment + 020h; we need to jump to offset
; zero in the real mode segment.
;
		add bx,020h
		push bx
		push word 0h
		retf

;
; Load an older kernel.  Older kernels always have 4 setup sectors, can't have
; initrd, and are always loaded low.
;
old_kernel:
                test byte [initrd_flag],1	; Old kernel can't have initrd
                jz load_old_kernel
                mov si,err_oldkernel
                jmp abort_load
load_old_kernel:
		mov word [SetupSecs],4		; Always 4 setup sectors
		mov byte [LoadFlags],0		; Always low
		jmp read_kernel

;
; Load RAM disk into high memory
;
; Need to be set:
;	su_ramdiskat	- Where in memory to load
;	su_ramdisklen	- Size of file
;	SI		- initrd filehandle/cluster pointer
;
loadinitrd:
                push es                         ; Save ES on entry
		mov ax,real_mode_seg
                mov es,ax
                mov edi,[es:su_ramdiskat]	; initrd load address
		push si
		mov si,crlfloading_msg		; Write "Loading "
		call cwritestr
                mov si,InitRDCName		; Write ramdisk name
                call cwritestr
                mov si,dotdot_msg		; Write dots
                call cwritestr
		pop si

		mov eax,[es:su_ramdisklen]
		call load_high			; Load the file

		call crlf
                pop es                          ; Restore original ES
                ret