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path: root/drivers/dma/dmaengine.c
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/*
 * Copyright(c) 2004 - 2006 Intel Corporation. All rights reserved.
 *
 * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it
 * under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by the Free
 * Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or (at your option)
 * any later version.
 *
 * This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but WITHOUT
 * ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of MERCHANTABILITY or
 * FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the GNU General Public License for
 * more details.
 *
 * You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License along with
 * this program; if not, write to the Free Software Foundation, Inc., 59
 * Temple Place - Suite 330, Boston, MA  02111-1307, USA.
 *
 * The full GNU General Public License is included in this distribution in the
 * file called COPYING.
 */

/*
 * This code implements the DMA subsystem. It provides a HW-neutral interface
 * for other kernel code to use asynchronous memory copy capabilities,
 * if present, and allows different HW DMA drivers to register as providing
 * this capability.
 *
 * Due to the fact we are accelerating what is already a relatively fast
 * operation, the code goes to great lengths to avoid additional overhead,
 * such as locking.
 *
 * LOCKING:
 *
 * The subsystem keeps a global list of dma_device structs it is protected by a
 * mutex, dma_list_mutex.
 *
 * A subsystem can get access to a channel by calling dmaengine_get() followed
 * by dma_find_channel(), or if it has need for an exclusive channel it can call
 * dma_request_channel().  Once a channel is allocated a reference is taken
 * against its corresponding driver to disable removal.
 *
 * Each device has a channels list, which runs unlocked but is never modified
 * once the device is registered, it's just setup by the driver.
 *
 * See Documentation/dmaengine.txt for more details
 */

#include <linux/init.h>
#include <linux/module.h>
#include <linux/mm.h>
#include <linux/device.h>
#include <linux/dmaengine.h>
#include <linux/hardirq.h>
#include <linux/spinlock.h>
#include <linux/percpu.h>
#include <linux/rcupdate.h>
#include <linux/mutex.h>
#include <linux/jiffies.h>
#include <linux/rculist.h>
#include <linux/idr.h>
#include <linux/slab.h>

static DEFINE_MUTEX(dma_list_mutex);
static LIST_HEAD(dma_device_list);
static long dmaengine_ref_count;
static struct idr dma_idr;

/* --- sysfs implementation --- */

/**
 * dev_to_dma_chan - convert a device pointer to the its sysfs container object
 * @dev - device node
 *
 * Must be called under dma_list_mutex
 */
static struct dma_chan *dev_to_dma_chan(struct device *dev)
{
	struct dma_chan_dev *chan_dev;

	chan_dev = container_of(dev, typeof(*chan_dev), device);
	return chan_dev->chan;
}

static ssize_t show_memcpy_count(struct device *dev, struct device_attribute *attr, char *buf)
{
	struct dma_chan *chan;
	unsigned long count = 0;
	int i;
	int err;

	mutex_lock(&dma_list_mutex);
	chan = dev_to_dma_chan(dev);
	if (chan) {
		for_each_possible_cpu(i)
			count += per_cpu_ptr(chan->local, i)->memcpy_count;
		err = sprintf(buf, "%lu\n", count);
	} else
		err = -ENODEV;
	mutex_unlock(&dma_list_mutex);

	return err;
}

static ssize_t show_bytes_transferred(struct device *dev, struct device_attribute *attr,
				      char *buf)
{
	struct dma_chan *chan;
	unsigned long count = 0;
	int i;
	int err;

	mutex_lock(&dma_list_mutex);
	chan = dev_to_dma_chan(dev);
	if (chan) {
		for_each_possible_cpu(i)
			count += per_cpu_ptr(chan->local, i)->bytes_transferred;
		err = sprintf(buf, "%lu\n", count);
	} else
		err = -ENODEV;
	mutex_unlock(&dma_list_mutex);

	return err;
}

static ssize_t show_in_use(struct device *dev, struct device_attribute *attr, char *buf)
{
	struct dma_chan *chan;
	int err;

	mutex_lock(&dma_list_mutex);
	chan = dev_to_dma_chan(dev);
	if (chan)
		err = sprintf(buf, "%d\n", chan->client_count);
	else
		err = -ENODEV;
	mutex_unlock(&dma_list_mutex);

	return err;
}

static struct device_attribute dma_attrs[] = {
	__ATTR(memcpy_count, S_IRUGO, show_memcpy_count, NULL),
	__ATTR(bytes_transferred, S_IRUGO, show_bytes_transferred, NULL),
	__ATTR(in_use, S_IRUGO, show_in_use, NULL),
	__ATTR_NULL
};

static void chan_dev_release(struct device *dev)
{
	struct dma_chan_dev *chan_dev;

	chan_dev = container_of(dev, typeof(*chan_dev), device);
	if (atomic_dec_and_test(chan_dev->idr_ref)) {
		mutex_lock(&dma_list_mutex);
		idr_remove(&dma_idr, chan_dev->dev_id);
		mutex_unlock(&dma_list_mutex);
		kfree(chan_dev->idr_ref);
	}
	kfree(chan_dev);
}

static struct class dma_devclass = {
	.name		= "dma",
	.dev_attrs	= dma_attrs,
	.dev_release	= chan_dev_release,
};

/* --- client and device registration --- */

#define dma_device_satisfies_mask(device, mask) \
	__dma_device_satisfies_mask((device), &(mask))
static int
__dma_device_satisfies_mask(struct dma_device *device, dma_cap_mask_t *want)
{
	dma_cap_mask_t has;

	bitmap_and(has.bits, want->bits, device->cap_mask.bits,
		DMA_TX_TYPE_END);
	return bitmap_equal(want->bits, has.bits, DMA_TX_TYPE_END);
}

static struct module *dma_chan_to_owner(struct dma_chan *chan)
{
	return chan->device->dev->driver->owner;
}

/**
 * balance_ref_count - catch up the channel reference count
 * @chan - channel to balance ->client_count versus dmaengine_ref_count
 *
 * balance_ref_count must be called under dma_list_mutex
 */
static void balance_ref_count(struct dma_chan *chan)
{
	struct module *owner = dma_chan_to_owner(chan);

	while (chan->client_count < dmaengine_ref_count) {
		__module_get(owner);
		chan->client_count++;
	}
}

/**
 * dma_chan_get - try to grab a dma channel's parent driver module
 * @chan - channel to grab
 *
 * Must be called under dma_list_mutex
 */
static int dma_chan_get(struct dma_chan *chan)
{
	int err = -ENODEV;
	struct module *owner = dma_chan_to_owner(chan);

	if (chan->client_count) {
		__module_get(owner);
		err = 0;
	} else if (try_module_get(owner))
		err = 0;

	if (err == 0)
		chan->client_count++;

	/* allocate upon first client reference */
	if (chan->client_count == 1 && err == 0) {
		int desc_cnt = chan->device->device_alloc_chan_resources(chan);

		if (desc_cnt < 0) {
			err = desc_cnt;
			chan->client_count = 0;
			module_put(owner);
		} else if (!dma_has_cap(DMA_PRIVATE, chan->device->cap_mask))
			balance_ref_count(chan);
	}

	return err;
}

/**
 * dma_chan_put - drop a reference to a dma channel's parent driver module
 * @chan - channel to release
 *
 * Must be called under dma_list_mutex
 */
static void dma_chan_put(struct dma_chan *chan)
{
	if (!chan->client_count)
		return; /* this channel failed alloc_chan_resources */
	chan->client_count--;
	module_put(dma_chan_to_owner(chan));
	if (chan->client_count == 0)
		chan->device->device_free_chan_resources(chan);
}

enum dma_status dma_sync_wait(struct dma_chan *chan, dma_cookie_t cookie)
{
	enum dma_status status;
	unsigned long dma_sync_wait_timeout = jiffies + msecs_to_jiffies(5000);

	dma_async_issue_pending(chan);
	do {
		status = dma_async_is_tx_complete(chan, cookie, NULL, NULL);
		if (time_after_eq(jiffies, dma_sync_wait_timeout)) {
			printk(KERN_ERR "dma_sync_wait_timeout!\n");
			return DMA_ERROR;
		}
	} while (status == DMA_IN_PROGRESS);

	return status;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(dma_sync_wait);

/**
 * dma_cap_mask_all - enable iteration over all operation types
 */
static dma_cap_mask_t dma_cap_mask_all;

/**
 * dma_chan_tbl_ent - tracks channel allocations per core/operation
 * @chan - associated channel for this entry
 */
struct dma_chan_tbl_ent {
	struct dma_chan *chan;
};

/**
 * channel_table - percpu lookup table for memory-to-memory offload providers
 */
static struct dma_chan_tbl_ent __percpu *channel_table[DMA_TX_TYPE_END];

static int __init dma_channel_table_init(void)
{
	enum dma_transaction_type cap;
	int err = 0;

	bitmap_fill(dma_cap_mask_all.bits, DMA_TX_TYPE_END);

	/* 'interrupt', 'private', and 'slave' are channel capabilities,
	 * but are not associated with an operation so they do not need
	 * an entry in the channel_table
	 */
	clear_bit(DMA_INTERRUPT, dma_cap_mask_all.bits);
	clear_bit(DMA_PRIVATE, dma_cap_mask_all.bits);
	clear_bit(DMA_SLAVE, dma_cap_mask_all.bits);

	for_each_dma_cap_mask(cap, dma_cap_mask_all) {
		channel_table[cap] = alloc_percpu(struct dma_chan_tbl_ent);
		if (!channel_table[cap]) {
			err = -ENOMEM;
			break;
		}
	}

	if (err) {
		pr_err("dmaengine: initialization failure\n");
		for_each_dma_cap_mask(cap, dma_cap_mask_all)
			if (channel_table[cap])
				free_percpu(channel_table[cap]);
	}

	return err;
}
arch_initcall(dma_channel_table_init);

/**
 * dma_find_channel - find a channel to carry out the operation
 * @tx_type: transaction type
 */
struct dma_chan *dma_find_channel(enum dma_transaction_type tx_type)
{
	return this_cpu_read(channel_table[tx_type]->chan);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(dma_find_channel);

/**
 * dma_issue_pending_all - flush all pending operations across all channels
 */
void dma_issue_pending_all(void)
{
	struct dma_device *device;
	struct dma_chan *chan;

	rcu_read_lock();
	list_for_each_entry_rcu(device, &dma_device_list, global_node) {
		if (dma_has_cap(DMA_PRIVATE, device->cap_mask))
			continue;
		list_for_each_entry(chan, &device->channels, device_node)
			if (chan->client_count)
				device->device_issue_pending(chan);
	}
	rcu_read_unlock();
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(dma_issue_pending_all);

/**
 * nth_chan - returns the nth channel of the given capability
 * @cap: capability to match
 * @n: nth channel desired
 *
 * Defaults to returning the channel with the desired capability and the
 * lowest reference count when 'n' cannot be satisfied.  Must be called
 * under dma_list_mutex.
 */
static struct dma_chan *nth_chan(enum dma_transaction_type cap, int n)
{
	struct dma_device *device;
	struct dma_chan *chan;
	struct dma_chan *ret = NULL;
	struct dma_chan *min = NULL;

	list_for_each_entry(device, &dma_device_list, global_node) {
		if (!dma_has_cap(cap, device->cap_mask) ||
		    dma_has_cap(DMA_PRIVATE, device->cap_mask))
			continue;
		list_for_each_entry(chan, &device->channels, device_node) {
			if (!chan->client_count)
				continue;
			if (!min)
				min = chan;
			else if (chan->table_count < min->table_count)
				min = chan;

			if (n-- == 0) {
				ret = chan;
				break; /* done */
			}
		}
		if (ret)
			break; /* done */
	}

	if (!ret)
		ret = min;

	if (ret)
		ret->table_count++;

	return ret;
}

/**
 * dma_channel_rebalance - redistribute the available channels
 *
 * Optimize for cpu isolation (each cpu gets a dedicated channel for an
 * operation type) in the SMP case,  and operation isolation (avoid
 * multi-tasking channels) in the non-SMP case.  Must be called under
 * dma_list_mutex.
 */
static void dma_channel_rebalance(void)
{
	struct dma_chan *chan;
	struct dma_device *device;
	int cpu;
	int cap;
	int n;

	/* undo the last distribution */
	for_each_dma_cap_mask(cap, dma_cap_mask_all)
		for_each_possible_cpu(cpu)
			per_cpu_ptr(channel_table[cap], cpu)->chan = NULL;

	list_for_each_entry(device, &dma_device_list, global_node) {
		if (dma_has_cap(DMA_PRIVATE, device->cap_mask))
			continue;
		list_for_each_entry(chan, &device->channels, device_node)
			chan->table_count = 0;
	}

	/* don't populate the channel_table if no clients are available */
	if (!dmaengine_ref_count)
		return;

	/* redistribute available channels */
	n = 0;
	for_each_dma_cap_mask(cap, dma_cap_mask_all)
		for_each_online_cpu(cpu) {
			if (num_possible_cpus() > 1)
				chan = nth_chan(cap, n++);
			else
				chan = nth_chan(cap, -1);

			per_cpu_ptr(channel_table[cap], cpu)->chan = chan;
		}
}

static struct dma_chan *private_candidate(dma_cap_mask_t *mask, struct dma_device *dev,
					  dma_filter_fn fn, void *fn_param)
{
	struct dma_chan *chan;

	if (!__dma_device_satisfies_mask(dev, mask)) {
		pr_debug("%s: wrong capabilities\n", __func__);
		return NULL;
	}
	/* devices with multiple channels need special handling as we need to
	 * ensure that all channels are either private or public.
	 */
	if (dev->chancnt > 1 && !dma_has_cap(DMA_PRIVATE, dev->cap_mask))
		list_for_each_entry(chan, &dev->channels, device_node) {
			/* some channels are already publicly allocated */
			if (chan->client_count)
				return NULL;
		}

	list_for_each_entry(chan, &dev->channels, device_node) {
		if (chan->client_count) {
			pr_debug("%s: %s busy\n",
				 __func__, dma_chan_name(chan));
			continue;
		}
		if (fn && !fn(chan, fn_param)) {
			pr_debug("%s: %s filter said false\n",
				 __func__, dma_chan_name(chan));
			continue;
		}
		return chan;
	}

	return NULL;
}

/**
 * dma_request_channel - try to allocate an exclusive channel
 * @mask: capabilities that the channel must satisfy
 * @fn: optional callback to disposition available channels
 * @fn_param: opaque parameter to pass to dma_filter_fn
 */
struct dma_chan *__dma_request_channel(dma_cap_mask_t *mask, dma_filter_fn fn, void *fn_param)
{
	struct dma_device *device, *_d;
	struct dma_chan *chan = NULL;
	int err;

	/* Find a channel */
	mutex_lock(&dma_list_mutex);
	list_for_each_entry_safe(device, _d, &dma_device_list, global_node) {
		chan = private_candidate(mask, device, fn, fn_param);
		if (chan) {
			/* Found a suitable channel, try to grab, prep, and
			 * return it.  We first set DMA_PRIVATE to disable
			 * balance_ref_count as this channel will not be
			 * published in the general-purpose allocator
			 */
			dma_cap_set(DMA_PRIVATE, device->cap_mask);
			device->privatecnt++;
			err = dma_chan_get(chan);

			if (err == -ENODEV) {
				pr_debug("%s: %s module removed\n", __func__,
					 dma_chan_name(chan));
				list_del_rcu(&device->global_node);
			} else if (err)
				pr_err("dmaengine: failed to get %s: (%d)\n",
				       dma_chan_name(chan), err);
			else
				break;
			if (--device->privatecnt == 0)
				dma_cap_clear(DMA_PRIVATE, device->cap_mask);
			chan = NULL;
		}
	}
	mutex_unlock(&dma_list_mutex);

	pr_debug("%s: %s (%s)\n", __func__, chan ? "success" : "fail",
		 chan ? dma_chan_name(chan) : NULL);

	return chan;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(__dma_request_channel);

void dma_release_channel(struct dma_chan *chan)
{
	mutex_lock(&dma_list_mutex);
	WARN_ONCE(chan->client_count != 1,
		  "chan reference count %d != 1\n", chan->client_count);
	dma_chan_put(chan);
	/* drop PRIVATE cap enabled by __dma_request_channel() */
	if (--chan->device->privatecnt == 0)
		dma_cap_clear(DMA_PRIVATE, chan->device->cap_mask);
	mutex_unlock(&dma_list_mutex);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(dma_release_channel);

/**
 * dmaengine_get - register interest in dma_channels
 */
void dmaengine_get(void)
{
	struct dma_device *device, *_d;
	struct dma_chan *chan;
	int err;

	mutex_lock(&dma_list_mutex);
	dmaengine_ref_count++;

	/* try to grab channels */
	list_for_each_entry_safe(device, _d, &dma_device_list, global_node) {
		if (dma_has_cap(DMA_PRIVATE, device->cap_mask))
			continue;
		list_for_each_entry(chan, &device->channels, device_node) {
			err = dma_chan_get(chan);
			if (err == -ENODEV) {
				/* module removed before we could use it */
				list_del_rcu(&device->global_node);
				break;
			} else if (err)
				pr_err("dmaengine: failed to get %s: (%d)\n",
				       dma_chan_name(chan), err);
		}
	}

	/* if this is the first reference and there were channels
	 * waiting we need to rebalance to get those channels
	 * incorporated into the channel table
	 */
	if (dmaengine_ref_count == 1)
		dma_channel_rebalance();
	mutex_unlock(&dma_list_mutex);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(dmaengine_get);

/**
 * dmaengine_put - let dma drivers be removed when ref_count == 0
 */
void dmaengine_put(void)
{
	struct dma_device *device;
	struct dma_chan *chan;

	mutex_lock(&dma_list_mutex);
	dmaengine_ref_count--;
	BUG_ON(dmaengine_ref_count < 0);
	/* drop channel references */
	list_for_each_entry(device, &dma_device_list, global_node) {
		if (dma_has_cap(DMA_PRIVATE, device->cap_mask))
			continue;
		list_for_each_entry(chan, &device->channels, device_node)
			dma_chan_put(chan);
	}
	mutex_unlock(&dma_list_mutex);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(dmaengine_put);

static bool device_has_all_tx_types(struct dma_device *device)
{
	/* A device that satisfies this test has channels that will never cause
	 * an async_tx channel switch event as all possible operation types can
	 * be handled.
	 */
	#ifdef CONFIG_ASYNC_TX_DMA
	if (!dma_has_cap(DMA_INTERRUPT, device->cap_mask))
		return false;
	#endif

	#if defined(CONFIG_ASYNC_MEMCPY) || defined(CONFIG_ASYNC_MEMCPY_MODULE)
	if (!dma_has_cap(DMA_MEMCPY, device->cap_mask))
		return false;
	#endif

	#if defined(CONFIG_ASYNC_MEMSET) || defined(CONFIG_ASYNC_MEMSET_MODULE)
	if (!dma_has_cap(DMA_MEMSET, device->cap_mask))
		return false;
	#endif

	#if defined(CONFIG_ASYNC_XOR) || defined(CONFIG_ASYNC_XOR_MODULE)
	if (!dma_has_cap(DMA_XOR, device->cap_mask))
		return false;

	#ifndef CONFIG_ASYNC_TX_DISABLE_XOR_VAL_DMA
	if (!dma_has_cap(DMA_XOR_VAL, device->cap_mask))
		return false;
	#endif
	#endif

	#if defined(CONFIG_ASYNC_PQ) || defined(CONFIG_ASYNC_PQ_MODULE)
	if (!dma_has_cap(DMA_PQ, device->cap_mask))
		return false;

	#ifndef CONFIG_ASYNC_TX_DISABLE_PQ_VAL_DMA
	if (!dma_has_cap(DMA_PQ_VAL, device->cap_mask))
		return false;
	#endif
	#endif

	return true;
}

static int get_dma_id(struct dma_device *device)
{
	int rc;

 idr_retry:
	if (!idr_pre_get(&dma_idr, GFP_KERNEL))
		return -ENOMEM;
	mutex_lock(&dma_list_mutex);
	rc = idr_get_new(&dma_idr, NULL, &device->dev_id);
	mutex_unlock(&dma_list_mutex);
	if (rc == -EAGAIN)
		goto idr_retry;
	else if (rc != 0)
		return rc;

	return 0;
}

/**
 * dma_async_device_register - registers DMA devices found
 * @device: &dma_device
 */
int dma_async_device_register(struct dma_device *device)
{
	int chancnt = 0, rc;
	struct dma_chan* chan;
	atomic_t *idr_ref;

	if (!device)
		return -ENODEV;

	/* validate device routines */
	BUG_ON(dma_has_cap(DMA_MEMCPY, device->cap_mask) &&
		!device->device_prep_dma_memcpy);
	BUG_ON(dma_has_cap(DMA_XOR, device->cap_mask) &&
		!device->device_prep_dma_xor);
	BUG_ON(dma_has_cap(DMA_XOR_VAL, device->cap_mask) &&
		!device->device_prep_dma_xor_val);
	BUG_ON(dma_has_cap(DMA_PQ, device->cap_mask) &&
		!device->device_prep_dma_pq);
	BUG_ON(dma_has_cap(DMA_PQ_VAL, device->cap_mask) &&
		!device->device_prep_dma_pq_val);
	BUG_ON(dma_has_cap(DMA_MEMSET, device->cap_mask) &&
		!device->device_prep_dma_memset);
	BUG_ON(dma_has_cap(DMA_INTERRUPT, device->cap_mask) &&
		!device->device_prep_dma_interrupt);
	BUG_ON(dma_has_cap(DMA_SLAVE, device->cap_mask) &&
		!device->device_prep_slave_sg);
	BUG_ON(dma_has_cap(DMA_CYCLIC, device->cap_mask) &&
		!device->device_prep_dma_cyclic);
	BUG_ON(dma_has_cap(DMA_SLAVE, device->cap_mask) &&
		!device->device_control);

	BUG_ON(!device->device_alloc_chan_resources);
	BUG_ON(!device->device_free_chan_resources);
	BUG_ON(!device->device_tx_status);
	BUG_ON(!device->device_issue_pending);
	BUG_ON(!device->dev);

	/* note: this only matters in the
	 * CONFIG_ASYNC_TX_DISABLE_CHANNEL_SWITCH=y case
	 */
	if (device_has_all_tx_types(device))
		dma_cap_set(DMA_ASYNC_TX, device->cap_mask);

	idr_ref = kmalloc(sizeof(*idr_ref), GFP_KERNEL);
	if (!idr_ref)
		return -ENOMEM;
	rc = get_dma_id(device);
	if (rc != 0) {
		kfree(idr_ref);
		return rc;
	}

	atomic_set(idr_ref, 0);

	/* represent channels in sysfs. Probably want devs too */
	list_for_each_entry(chan, &device->channels, device_node) {
		rc = -ENOMEM;
		chan->local = alloc_percpu(typeof(*chan->local));
		if (chan->local == NULL)
			goto err_out;
		chan->dev = kzalloc(sizeof(*chan->dev), GFP_KERNEL);
		if (chan->dev == NULL) {
			free_percpu(chan->local);
			chan->local = NULL;
			goto err_out;
		}

		chan->chan_id = chancnt++;
		chan->dev->device.class = &dma_devclass;
		chan->dev->device.parent = device->dev;
		chan->dev->chan = chan;
		chan->dev->idr_ref = idr_ref;
		chan->dev->dev_id = device->dev_id;
		atomic_inc(idr_ref);
		dev_set_name(&chan->dev->device, "dma%dchan%d",
			     device->dev_id, chan->chan_id);

		rc = device_register(&chan->dev->device);
		if (rc) {
			free_percpu(chan->local);
			chan->local = NULL;
			kfree(chan->dev);
			atomic_dec(idr_ref);
			goto err_out;
		}
		chan->client_count = 0;
	}
	device->chancnt = chancnt;

	mutex_lock(&dma_list_mutex);
	/* take references on public channels */
	if (dmaengine_ref_count && !dma_has_cap(DMA_PRIVATE, device->cap_mask))
		list_for_each_entry(chan, &device->channels, device_node) {
			/* if clients are already waiting for channels we need
			 * to take references on their behalf
			 */
			if (dma_chan_get(chan) == -ENODEV) {
				/* note we can only get here for the first
				 * channel as the remaining channels are
				 * guaranteed to get a reference
				 */
				rc = -ENODEV;
				mutex_unlock(&dma_list_mutex);
				goto err_out;
			}
		}
	list_add_tail_rcu(&device->global_node, &dma_device_list);
	if (dma_has_cap(DMA_PRIVATE, device->cap_mask))
		device->privatecnt++;	/* Always private */
	dma_channel_rebalance();
	mutex_unlock(&dma_list_mutex);

	return 0;

err_out:
	/* if we never registered a channel just release the idr */
	if (atomic_read(idr_ref) == 0) {
		mutex_lock(&dma_list_mutex);
		idr_remove(&dma_idr, device->dev_id);
		mutex_unlock(&dma_list_mutex);
		kfree(idr_ref);
		return rc;
	}

	list_for_each_entry(chan, &device->channels, device_node) {
		if (chan->local == NULL)
			continue;
		mutex_lock(&dma_list_mutex);
		chan->dev->chan = NULL;
		mutex_unlock(&dma_list_mutex);
		device_unregister(&chan->dev->device);
		free_percpu(chan->local);
	}
	return rc;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(dma_async_device_register);

/**
 * dma_async_device_unregister - unregister a DMA device
 * @device: &dma_device
 *
 * This routine is called by dma driver exit routines, dmaengine holds module
 * references to prevent it being called while channels are in use.
 */
void dma_async_device_unregister(struct dma_device *device)
{
	struct dma_chan *chan;

	mutex_lock(&dma_list_mutex);
	list_del_rcu(&device->global_node);
	dma_channel_rebalance();
	mutex_unlock(&dma_list_mutex);

	list_for_each_entry(chan, &device->channels, device_node) {
		WARN_ONCE(chan->client_count,
			  "%s called while %d clients hold a reference\n",
			  __func__, chan->client_count);
		mutex_lock(&dma_list_mutex);
		chan->dev->chan = NULL;
		mutex_unlock(&dma_list_mutex);
		device_unregister(&chan->dev->device);
		free_percpu(chan->local);
	}
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(dma_async_device_unregister);

/**
 * dma_async_memcpy_buf_to_buf - offloaded copy between virtual addresses
 * @chan: DMA channel to offload copy to
 * @dest: destination address (virtual)
 * @src: source address (virtual)
 * @len: length
 *
 * Both @dest and @src must be mappable to a bus address according to the
 * DMA mapping API rules for streaming mappings.
 * Both @dest and @src must stay memory resident (kernel memory or locked
 * user space pages).
 */
dma_cookie_t
dma_async_memcpy_buf_to_buf(struct dma_chan *chan, void *dest,
			void *src, size_t len)
{
	struct dma_device *dev = chan->device;
	struct dma_async_tx_descriptor *tx;
	dma_addr_t dma_dest, dma_src;
	dma_cookie_t cookie;
	unsigned long flags;

	dma_src = dma_map_single(dev->dev, src, len, DMA_TO_DEVICE);
	dma_dest = dma_map_single(dev->dev, dest, len, DMA_FROM_DEVICE);
	flags = DMA_CTRL_ACK |
		DMA_COMPL_SRC_UNMAP_SINGLE |
		DMA_COMPL_DEST_UNMAP_SINGLE;
	tx = dev->device_prep_dma_memcpy(chan, dma_dest, dma_src, len, flags);

	if (!tx) {
		dma_unmap_single(dev->dev, dma_src, len, DMA_TO_DEVICE);
		dma_unmap_single(dev->dev, dma_dest, len, DMA_FROM_DEVICE);
		return -ENOMEM;
	}

	tx->callback = NULL;
	cookie = tx->tx_submit(tx);

	preempt_disable();
	__this_cpu_add(chan->local->bytes_transferred, len);
	__this_cpu_inc(chan->local->memcpy_count);
	preempt_enable();

	return cookie;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(dma_async_memcpy_buf_to_buf);

/**
 * dma_async_memcpy_buf_to_pg - offloaded copy from address to page
 * @chan: DMA channel to offload copy to
 * @page: destination page
 * @offset: offset in page to copy to
 * @kdata: source address (virtual)
 * @len: length
 *
 * Both @page/@offset and @kdata must be mappable to a bus address according
 * to the DMA mapping API rules for streaming mappings.
 * Both @page/@offset and @kdata must stay memory resident (kernel memory or
 * locked user space pages)
 */
dma_cookie_t
dma_async_memcpy_buf_to_pg(struct dma_chan *chan, struct page *page,
			unsigned int offset, void *kdata, size_t len)
{
	struct dma_device *dev = chan->device;
	struct dma_async_tx_descriptor *tx;
	dma_addr_t dma_dest, dma_src;
	dma_cookie_t cookie;
	unsigned long flags;

	dma_src = dma_map_single(dev->dev, kdata, len, DMA_TO_DEVICE);
	dma_dest = dma_map_page(dev->dev, page, offset, len, DMA_FROM_DEVICE);
	flags = DMA_CTRL_ACK | DMA_COMPL_SRC_UNMAP_SINGLE;
	tx = dev->device_prep_dma_memcpy(chan, dma_dest, dma_src, len, flags);

	if (!tx) {
		dma_unmap_single(dev->dev, dma_src, len, DMA_TO_DEVICE);
		dma_unmap_page(dev->dev, dma_dest, len, DMA_FROM_DEVICE);
		return -ENOMEM;
	}

	tx->callback = NULL;
	cookie = tx->tx_submit(tx);

	preempt_disable();
	__this_cpu_add(chan->local->bytes_transferred, len);
	__this_cpu_inc(chan->local->memcpy_count);
	preempt_enable();

	return cookie;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(dma_async_memcpy_buf_to_pg);

/**
 * dma_async_memcpy_pg_to_pg - offloaded copy from page to page
 * @chan: DMA channel to offload copy to
 * @dest_pg: destination page
 * @dest_off: offset in page to copy to
 * @src_pg: source page
 * @src_off: offset in page to copy from
 * @len: length
 *
 * Both @dest_page/@dest_off and @src_page/@src_off must be mappable to a bus
 * address according to the DMA mapping API rules for streaming mappings.
 * Both @dest_page/@dest_off and @src_page/@src_off must stay memory resident
 * (kernel memory or locked user space pages).
 */
dma_cookie_t
dma_async_memcpy_pg_to_pg(struct dma_chan *chan, struct page *dest_pg,
	unsigned int dest_off, struct page *src_pg, unsigned int src_off,
	size_t len)
{
	struct dma_device *dev = chan->device;
	struct dma_async_tx_descriptor *tx;
	dma_addr_t dma_dest, dma_src;
	dma_cookie_t cookie;
	unsigned long flags;

	dma_src = dma_map_page(dev->dev, src_pg, src_off, len, DMA_TO_DEVICE);
	dma_dest = dma_map_page(dev->dev, dest_pg, dest_off, len,
				DMA_FROM_DEVICE);
	flags = DMA_CTRL_ACK;
	tx = dev->device_prep_dma_memcpy(chan, dma_dest, dma_src, len, flags);

	if (!tx) {
		dma_unmap_page(dev->dev, dma_src, len, DMA_TO_DEVICE);
		dma_unmap_page(dev->dev, dma_dest, len, DMA_FROM_DEVICE);
		return -ENOMEM;
	}

	tx->callback = NULL;
	cookie = tx->tx_submit(tx);

	preempt_disable();
	__this_cpu_add(chan->local->bytes_transferred, len);
	__this_cpu_inc(chan->local->memcpy_count);
	preempt_enable();

	return cookie;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(dma_async_memcpy_pg_to_pg);

void dma_async_tx_descriptor_init(struct dma_async_tx_descriptor *tx,
	struct dma_chan *chan)
{
	tx->chan = chan;
	#ifndef CONFIG_ASYNC_TX_DISABLE_CHANNEL_SWITCH
	spin_lock_init(&tx->lock);
	#endif
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(dma_async_tx_descriptor_init);

/* dma_wait_for_async_tx - spin wait for a transaction to complete
 * @tx: in-flight transaction to wait on
 */
enum dma_status
dma_wait_for_async_tx(struct dma_async_tx_descriptor *tx)
{
	unsigned long dma_sync_wait_timeout = jiffies + msecs_to_jiffies(5000);

	if (!tx)
		return DMA_SUCCESS;

	while (tx->cookie == -EBUSY) {
		if (time_after_eq(jiffies, dma_sync_wait_timeout)) {
			pr_err("%s timeout waiting for descriptor submission\n",
				__func__);
			return DMA_ERROR;
		}
		cpu_relax();
	}
	return dma_sync_wait(tx->chan, tx->cookie);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(dma_wait_for_async_tx);

/* dma_run_dependencies - helper routine for dma drivers to process
 *	(start) dependent operations on their target channel
 * @tx: transaction with dependencies
 */
void dma_run_dependencies(struct dma_async_tx_descriptor *tx)
{
	struct dma_async_tx_descriptor *dep = txd_next(tx);
	struct dma_async_tx_descriptor *dep_next;
	struct dma_chan *chan;

	if (!dep)
		return;

	/* we'll submit tx->next now, so clear the link */
	txd_clear_next(tx);
	chan = dep->chan;

	/* keep submitting up until a channel switch is detected
	 * in that case we will be called again as a result of
	 * processing the interrupt from async_tx_channel_switch
	 */
	for (; dep; dep = dep_next) {
		txd_lock(dep);
		txd_clear_parent(dep);
		dep_next = txd_next(dep);
		if (dep_next && dep_next->chan == chan)
			txd_clear_next(dep); /* ->next will be submitted */
		else
			dep_next = NULL; /* submit current dep and terminate */
		txd_unlock(dep);

		dep->tx_submit(dep);
	}

	chan->device->device_issue_pending(chan);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(dma_run_dependencies);

static int __init dma_bus_init(void)
{
	idr_init(&dma_idr);
	mutex_init(&dma_list_mutex);
	return class_register(&dma_devclass);
}
arch_initcall(dma_bus_init);