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* KEYS: Fix bug in keyctl_session_to_parent() if parent has no session keyringDavid Howells2010-09-101-1/+2
| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | Fix a bug in keyctl_session_to_parent() whereby it tries to check the ownership of the parent process's session keyring whether or not the parent has a session keyring [CVE-2010-2960]. This results in the following oops: BUG: unable to handle kernel NULL pointer dereference at 00000000000000a0 IP: [<ffffffff811ae4dd>] keyctl_session_to_parent+0x251/0x443 ... Call Trace: [<ffffffff811ae2f3>] ? keyctl_session_to_parent+0x67/0x443 [<ffffffff8109d286>] ? __do_fault+0x24b/0x3d0 [<ffffffff811af98c>] sys_keyctl+0xb4/0xb8 [<ffffffff81001eab>] system_call_fastpath+0x16/0x1b if the parent process has no session keyring. If the system is using pam_keyinit then it mostly protected against this as all processes derived from a login will have inherited the session keyring created by pam_keyinit during the log in procedure. To test this, pam_keyinit calls need to be commented out in /etc/pam.d/. Reported-by: Tavis Ormandy <taviso@cmpxchg8b.com> Signed-off-by: David Howells <dhowells@redhat.com> Acked-by: Tavis Ormandy <taviso@cmpxchg8b.com> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
* KEYS: Fix RCU no-lock warning in keyctl_session_to_parent()David Howells2010-09-101-0/+3
| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | There's an protected access to the parent process's credentials in the middle of keyctl_session_to_parent(). This results in the following RCU warning: =================================================== [ INFO: suspicious rcu_dereference_check() usage. ] --------------------------------------------------- security/keys/keyctl.c:1291 invoked rcu_dereference_check() without protection! other info that might help us debug this: rcu_scheduler_active = 1, debug_locks = 0 1 lock held by keyctl-session-/2137: #0: (tasklist_lock){.+.+..}, at: [<ffffffff811ae2ec>] keyctl_session_to_parent+0x60/0x236 stack backtrace: Pid: 2137, comm: keyctl-session- Not tainted 2.6.36-rc2-cachefs+ #1 Call Trace: [<ffffffff8105606a>] lockdep_rcu_dereference+0xaa/0xb3 [<ffffffff811ae379>] keyctl_session_to_parent+0xed/0x236 [<ffffffff811af77e>] sys_keyctl+0xb4/0xb6 [<ffffffff81001eab>] system_call_fastpath+0x16/0x1b The code should take the RCU read lock to make sure the parents credentials don't go away, even though it's holding a spinlock and has IRQ disabled. Signed-off-by: David Howells <dhowells@redhat.com> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
* KEYS: Use the variable 'key' in keyctl_describe_key()David Howells2010-08-021-7/+5
| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | keyctl_describe_key() turns the key reference it gets into a usable key pointer and assigns that to a variable called 'key', which it then ignores in favour of recomputing the key pointer each time it needs it. Make it use the precomputed pointer instead. Without this patch, gcc 4.6 reports that the variable key is set but not used: building with gcc 4.6 I'm getting a warning message: CC security/keys/keyctl.o security/keys/keyctl.c: In function 'keyctl_describe_key': security/keys/keyctl.c:472:14: warning: variable 'key' set but not used Reported-by: Justin P. Mattock <justinmattock@gmail.com> Signed-off-by: David Howells <dhowells@redhat.com> Signed-off-by: James Morris <jmorris@namei.org>
* KEYS: Authorise keyctl_set_timeout() on a key if we have its authorisation keyDavid Howells2010-08-021-1/+16
| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | Authorise a process to perform keyctl_set_timeout() on an uninstantiated key if that process has the authorisation key for it. This allows the instantiator to set the timeout on a key it is instantiating - provided it does it before instantiating the key. For instance, the test upcall script provided with the keyutils package could be modified to set the expiry to an hour hence before instantiating the key: [/usr/share/keyutils/request-key-debug.sh] if [ "$3" != "neg" ] then + keyctl timeout $1 3600 keyctl instantiate $1 "Debug $3" $4 || exit 1 else Signed-off-by: David Howells <dhowells@redhat.com> Signed-off-by: James Morris <jmorris@namei.org>
* KEYS: Propagate error code instead of returning -EINVALDan Carpenter2010-06-271-2/+2
| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | This is from a Smatch check I'm writing. strncpy_from_user() returns -EFAULT on error so the first change just silences a warning but doesn't change how the code works. The other change is a bug fix because install_thread_keyring_to_cred() can return a variety of errors such as -EINVAL, -EEXIST, -ENOMEM or -EKEYREVOKED. Signed-off-by: Dan Carpenter <error27@gmail.com> Signed-off-by: David Howells <dhowells@redhat.com> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
* keyctl_session_to_parent(): use thread_group_empty() to check singlethreadnessOleg Nesterov2010-05-271-1/+1
| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | No functional changes. keyctl_session_to_parent() is the only user of signal->count which needs the correct value. Change it to use thread_group_empty() instead, this must be strictly equivalent under tasklist, and imho looks better. Signed-off-by: Oleg Nesterov <oleg@redhat.com> Acked-by: David Howells <dhowells@redhat.com> Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org> Acked-by: Roland McGrath <roland@redhat.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
* security: whitespace coding style fixesJustin P. Mattock2010-04-231-29/+29
| | | | | | | Whitespace coding style fixes. Signed-off-by: Justin P. Mattock <justinmattock@gmail.com> Signed-off-by: James Morris <jmorris@namei.org>
* security: remove dead hook key_session_to_parentEric Paris2010-04-121-7/+0
| | | | | | | Unused hook. Remove. Signed-off-by: Eric Paris <eparis@redhat.com> Signed-off-by: James Morris <jmorris@namei.org>
* Keys: KEYCTL_SESSION_TO_PARENT needs TIF_NOTIFY_RESUME architecture supportGeert Uytterhoeven2009-12-171-0/+10
| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | As of commit ee18d64c1f632043a02e6f5ba5e045bb26a5465f ("KEYS: Add a keyctl to install a process's session keyring on its parent [try #6]"), CONFIG_KEYS=y fails to build on architectures that haven't implemented TIF_NOTIFY_RESUME yet: security/keys/keyctl.c: In function 'keyctl_session_to_parent': security/keys/keyctl.c:1312: error: 'TIF_NOTIFY_RESUME' undeclared (first use in this function) security/keys/keyctl.c:1312: error: (Each undeclared identifier is reported only once security/keys/keyctl.c:1312: error: for each function it appears in.) Make KEYCTL_SESSION_TO_PARENT depend on TIF_NOTIFY_RESUME until m68k, and xtensa have implemented it. Signed-off-by: Geert Uytterhoeven <geert@linux-m68k.org> Signed-off-by: James Morris <jmorris@namei.org> Acked-by: Mike Frysinger <vapier@gentoo.org>
* keys: PTR_ERR return of wrong pointer in keyctl_get_security()Roel Kluin2009-12-171-1/+1
| | | | | | | | | Return the PTR_ERR of the correct pointer. Signed-off-by: Roel Kluin <roel.kluin@gmail.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Acked-by: David Howells <dhowells@redhat.com> Signed-off-by: James Morris <jmorris@namei.org>
* KEYS: get_instantiation_keyring() should inc the keyring refcount in all casesDavid Howells2009-10-151-1/+1
| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | The destination keyring specified to request_key() and co. is made available to the process that instantiates the key (the slave process started by /sbin/request-key typically). This is passed in the request_key_auth struct as the dest_keyring member. keyctl_instantiate_key and keyctl_negate_key() call get_instantiation_keyring() to get the keyring to attach the newly constructed key to at the end of instantiation. This may be given a specific keyring into which a link will be made later, or it may be asked to find the keyring passed to request_key(). In the former case, it returns a keyring with the refcount incremented by lookup_user_key(); in the latter case, it returns the keyring from the request_key_auth struct - and does _not_ increment the refcount. The latter case will eventually result in an oops when the keyring prematurely runs out of references and gets destroyed. The effect may take some time to show up as the key is destroyed lazily. To fix this, the keyring returned by get_instantiation_keyring() must always have its refcount incremented, no matter where it comes from. This can be tested by setting /etc/request-key.conf to: #OP TYPE DESCRIPTION CALLOUT INFO PROGRAM ARG1 ARG2 ARG3 ... #====== ======= =============== =============== =============================== create * test:* * |/bin/false %u %g %d %{user:_display} negate * * * /bin/keyctl negate %k 10 @u and then doing: keyctl add user _display aaaaaaaa @u while keyctl request2 user test:x test:x @u && keyctl list @u; do keyctl request2 user test:x test:x @u; sleep 31; keyctl list @u; done which will oops eventually. Changing the negate line to have @u rather than %S at the end is important as that forces the latter case by passing a special keyring ID rather than an actual keyring ID. Reported-by: Alexander Zangerl <az@bond.edu.au> Signed-off-by: David Howells <dhowells@redhat.com> Tested-by: Alexander Zangerl <az@bond.edu.au> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
* KEYS: Fix garbage collectorDavid Howells2009-09-151-1/+1
| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | Fix a number of problems with the new key garbage collector: (1) A rogue semicolon in keyring_gc() was causing the initial count of dead keys to be miscalculated. (2) A missing return in keyring_gc() meant that under certain circumstances, the keyring semaphore would be unlocked twice. (3) The key serial tree iterator (key_garbage_collector()) part of the garbage collector has been modified to: (a) Complete each scan of the keyrings before setting the new timer. (b) Only set the new timer for keys that have yet to expire. This means that the new timer is now calculated correctly, and the gc doesn't get into a loop continually scanning for keys that have expired, and preventing other things from happening, like RCU cleaning up the old keyring contents. (c) Perform an extra scan if any keys were garbage collected in this one as a key might become garbage during a scan, and (b) could mean we don't set the timer again. (4) Made key_schedule_gc() take the time at which to do a collection run, rather than the time at which the key expires. This means the collection of dead keys (key type unregistered) can happen immediately. Signed-off-by: David Howells <dhowells@redhat.com> Signed-off-by: James Morris <jmorris@namei.org>
* KEYS: Unlock tasklist when exiting early from keyctl_session_to_parentMarc Dionne2009-09-151-0/+1
| | | | | | | | | | | | | When we exit early from keyctl_session_to_parent because of permissions or because the session keyring is the same as the parent, we need to unlock the tasklist. The missing unlock causes the system to hang completely when using keyctl(KEYCTL_SESSION_TO_PARENT) with a keyring shared with the parent. Signed-off-by: Marc Dionne <marc.c.dionne@gmail.com> Signed-off-by: David Howells <dhowells@redhat.com> Signed-off-by: James Morris <jmorris@namei.org>
* KEYS: Add a keyctl to install a process's session keyring on its parent [try #6]David Howells2009-09-021-0/+102
| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | Add a keyctl to install a process's session keyring onto its parent. This replaces the parent's session keyring. Because the COW credential code does not permit one process to change another process's credentials directly, the change is deferred until userspace next starts executing again. Normally this will be after a wait*() syscall. To support this, three new security hooks have been provided: cred_alloc_blank() to allocate unset security creds, cred_transfer() to fill in the blank security creds and key_session_to_parent() - which asks the LSM if the process may replace its parent's session keyring. The replacement may only happen if the process has the same ownership details as its parent, and the process has LINK permission on the session keyring, and the session keyring is owned by the process, and the LSM permits it. Note that this requires alteration to each architecture's notify_resume path. This has been done for all arches barring blackfin, m68k* and xtensa, all of which need assembly alteration to support TIF_NOTIFY_RESUME. This allows the replacement to be performed at the point the parent process resumes userspace execution. This allows the userspace AFS pioctl emulation to fully emulate newpag() and the VIOCSETTOK and VIOCSETTOK2 pioctls, all of which require the ability to alter the parent process's PAG membership. However, since kAFS doesn't use PAGs per se, but rather dumps the keys into the session keyring, the session keyring of the parent must be replaced if, for example, VIOCSETTOK is passed the newpag flag. This can be tested with the following program: #include <stdio.h> #include <stdlib.h> #include <keyutils.h> #define KEYCTL_SESSION_TO_PARENT 18 #define OSERROR(X, S) do { if ((long)(X) == -1) { perror(S); exit(1); } } while(0) int main(int argc, char **argv) { key_serial_t keyring, key; long ret; keyring = keyctl_join_session_keyring(argv[1]); OSERROR(keyring, "keyctl_join_session_keyring"); key = add_key("user", "a", "b", 1, keyring); OSERROR(key, "add_key"); ret = keyctl(KEYCTL_SESSION_TO_PARENT); OSERROR(ret, "KEYCTL_SESSION_TO_PARENT"); return 0; } Compiled and linked with -lkeyutils, you should see something like: [dhowells@andromeda ~]$ keyctl show Session Keyring -3 --alswrv 4043 4043 keyring: _ses 355907932 --alswrv 4043 -1 \_ keyring: _uid.4043 [dhowells@andromeda ~]$ /tmp/newpag [dhowells@andromeda ~]$ keyctl show Session Keyring -3 --alswrv 4043 4043 keyring: _ses 1055658746 --alswrv 4043 4043 \_ user: a [dhowells@andromeda ~]$ /tmp/newpag hello [dhowells@andromeda ~]$ keyctl show Session Keyring -3 --alswrv 4043 4043 keyring: hello 340417692 --alswrv 4043 4043 \_ user: a Where the test program creates a new session keyring, sticks a user key named 'a' into it and then installs it on its parent. Signed-off-by: David Howells <dhowells@redhat.com> Signed-off-by: James Morris <jmorris@namei.org>
* KEYS: Add garbage collection for dead, revoked and expired keys. [try #6]David Howells2009-09-021-0/+1
| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | Add garbage collection for dead, revoked and expired keys. This involved erasing all links to such keys from keyrings that point to them. At that point, the key will be deleted in the normal manner. Keyrings from which garbage collection occurs are shrunk and their quota consumption reduced as appropriate. Dead keys (for which the key type has been removed) will be garbage collected immediately. Revoked and expired keys will hang around for a number of seconds, as set in /proc/sys/kernel/keys/gc_delay before being automatically removed. The default is 5 minutes. Signed-off-by: David Howells <dhowells@redhat.com> Signed-off-by: James Morris <jmorris@namei.org>
* KEYS: Allow keyctl_revoke() on keys that have SETATTR but not WRITE perm ↵David Howells2009-09-021-1/+7
| | | | | | | | | | | [try #6] Allow keyctl_revoke() to operate on keys that have SETATTR but not WRITE permission, rather than only on keys that have WRITE permission. Signed-off-by: David Howells <dhowells@redhat.com> Acked-by: Serge Hallyn <serue@us.ibm.com> Signed-off-by: James Morris <jmorris@namei.org>
* KEYS: Deal with dead-type keys appropriately [try #6]David Howells2009-09-021-21/+29
| | | | | | | | | | Allow keys for which the key type has been removed to be unlinked. Currently dead-type keys can only be disposed of by completely clearing the keyrings that point to them. Signed-off-by: David Howells <dhowells@redhat.com> Acked-by: Serge Hallyn <serue@us.ibm.com> Signed-off-by: James Morris <jmorris@namei.org>
* keys: distinguish per-uid keys in different namespacesSerge E. Hallyn2009-02-271-1/+1
| | | | | | | | | | | | | per-uid keys were looked by uid only. Use the user namespace to distinguish the same uid in different namespaces. This does not address key_permission. So a task can for instance try to join a keyring owned by the same uid in another namespace. That will be handled by a separate patch. Signed-off-by: Serge E. Hallyn <serue@us.ibm.com> Acked-by: David Howells <dhowells@redhat.com> Signed-off-by: James Morris <jmorris@namei.org>
* security: introduce missing kfreeVegard Nossum2009-01-171-0/+1
| | | | | | | | | | Plug this leak. Acked-by: David Howells <dhowells@redhat.com> Cc: James Morris <jmorris@namei.org> Cc: <stable@kernel.org> Signed-off-by: Vegard Nossum <vegard.nossum@gmail.com> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
* [CVE-2009-0029] System call wrappers part 28Heiko Carstens2009-01-141-2/+2
| | | | Signed-off-by: Heiko Carstens <heiko.carstens@de.ibm.com>
* [CVE-2009-0029] System call wrappers part 27Heiko Carstens2009-01-141-9/+9
| | | | Signed-off-by: Heiko Carstens <heiko.carstens@de.ibm.com>
* keys: fix sparse warning by adding __user annotation to castJames Morris2009-01-011-1/+1
| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | Fix the following sparse warning: CC security/keys/key.o security/keys/keyctl.c:1297:10: warning: incorrect type in argument 2 (different address spaces) security/keys/keyctl.c:1297:10: expected char [noderef] <asn:1>*buffer security/keys/keyctl.c:1297:10: got char *<noident> which appears to be caused by lack of __user annotation to the cast of a syscall argument. Signed-off-by: James Morris <jmorris@namei.org> Acked-by: David Howells <dhowells@redhat.com>
* KEYS: Fix variable uninitialisation warningsDavid Howells2008-12-291-3/+3
| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | Fix variable uninitialisation warnings introduced in: commit 8bbf4976b59fc9fc2861e79cab7beb3f6d647640 Author: David Howells <dhowells@redhat.com> Date: Fri Nov 14 10:39:14 2008 +1100 KEYS: Alter use of key instantiation link-to-keyring argument As: security/keys/keyctl.c: In function 'keyctl_negate_key': security/keys/keyctl.c:976: warning: 'dest_keyring' may be used uninitialized in this function security/keys/keyctl.c: In function 'keyctl_instantiate_key': security/keys/keyctl.c:898: warning: 'dest_keyring' may be used uninitialized in this function Some versions of gcc notice that get_instantiation_key() doesn't always set *_dest_keyring, but fail to observe that if this happens then *_dest_keyring will not be read by the caller. Reported-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: David Howells <dhowells@redhat.com> Signed-off-by: James Morris <jmorris@namei.org>
* CRED: Inaugurate COW credentialsDavid Howells2008-11-141-28/+67
| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | Inaugurate copy-on-write credentials management. This uses RCU to manage the credentials pointer in the task_struct with respect to accesses by other tasks. A process may only modify its own credentials, and so does not need locking to access or modify its own credentials. A mutex (cred_replace_mutex) is added to the task_struct to control the effect of PTRACE_ATTACHED on credential calculations, particularly with respect to execve(). With this patch, the contents of an active credentials struct may not be changed directly; rather a new set of credentials must be prepared, modified and committed using something like the following sequence of events: struct cred *new = prepare_creds(); int ret = blah(new); if (ret < 0) { abort_creds(new); return ret; } return commit_creds(new); There are some exceptions to this rule: the keyrings pointed to by the active credentials may be instantiated - keyrings violate the COW rule as managing COW keyrings is tricky, given that it is possible for a task to directly alter the keys in a keyring in use by another task. To help enforce this, various pointers to sets of credentials, such as those in the task_struct, are declared const. The purpose of this is compile-time discouragement of altering credentials through those pointers. Once a set of credentials has been made public through one of these pointers, it may not be modified, except under special circumstances: (1) Its reference count may incremented and decremented. (2) The keyrings to which it points may be modified, but not replaced. The only safe way to modify anything else is to create a replacement and commit using the functions described in Documentation/credentials.txt (which will be added by a later patch). This patch and the preceding patches have been tested with the LTP SELinux testsuite. This patch makes several logical sets of alteration: (1) execve(). This now prepares and commits credentials in various places in the security code rather than altering the current creds directly. (2) Temporary credential overrides. do_coredump() and sys_faccessat() now prepare their own credentials and temporarily override the ones currently on the acting thread, whilst preventing interference from other threads by holding cred_replace_mutex on the thread being dumped. This will be replaced in a future patch by something that hands down the credentials directly to the functions being called, rather than altering the task's objective credentials. (3) LSM interface. A number of functions have been changed, added or removed: (*) security_capset_check(), ->capset_check() (*) security_capset_set(), ->capset_set() Removed in favour of security_capset(). (*) security_capset(), ->capset() New. This is passed a pointer to the new creds, a pointer to the old creds and the proposed capability sets. It should fill in the new creds or return an error. All pointers, barring the pointer to the new creds, are now const. (*) security_bprm_apply_creds(), ->bprm_apply_creds() Changed; now returns a value, which will cause the process to be killed if it's an error. (*) security_task_alloc(), ->task_alloc_security() Removed in favour of security_prepare_creds(). (*) security_cred_free(), ->cred_free() New. Free security data attached to cred->security. (*) security_prepare_creds(), ->cred_prepare() New. Duplicate any security data attached to cred->security. (*) security_commit_creds(), ->cred_commit() New. Apply any security effects for the upcoming installation of new security by commit_creds(). (*) security_task_post_setuid(), ->task_post_setuid() Removed in favour of security_task_fix_setuid(). (*) security_task_fix_setuid(), ->task_fix_setuid() Fix up the proposed new credentials for setuid(). This is used by cap_set_fix_setuid() to implicitly adjust capabilities in line with setuid() changes. Changes are made to the new credentials, rather than the task itself as in security_task_post_setuid(). (*) security_task_reparent_to_init(), ->task_reparent_to_init() Removed. Instead the task being reparented to init is referred directly to init's credentials. NOTE! This results in the loss of some state: SELinux's osid no longer records the sid of the thread that forked it. (*) security_key_alloc(), ->key_alloc() (*) security_key_permission(), ->key_permission() Changed. These now take cred pointers rather than task pointers to refer to the security context. (4) sys_capset(). This has been simplified and uses less locking. The LSM functions it calls have been merged. (5) reparent_to_kthreadd(). This gives the current thread the same credentials as init by simply using commit_thread() to point that way. (6) __sigqueue_alloc() and switch_uid() __sigqueue_alloc() can't stop the target task from changing its creds beneath it, so this function gets a reference to the currently applicable user_struct which it then passes into the sigqueue struct it returns if successful. switch_uid() is now called from commit_creds(), and possibly should be folded into that. commit_creds() should take care of protecting __sigqueue_alloc(). (7) [sg]et[ug]id() and co and [sg]et_current_groups. The set functions now all use prepare_creds(), commit_creds() and abort_creds() to build and check a new set of credentials before applying it. security_task_set[ug]id() is called inside the prepared section. This guarantees that nothing else will affect the creds until we've finished. The calling of set_dumpable() has been moved into commit_creds(). Much of the functionality of set_user() has been moved into commit_creds(). The get functions all simply access the data directly. (8) security_task_prctl() and cap_task_prctl(). security_task_prctl() has been modified to return -ENOSYS if it doesn't want to handle a function, or otherwise return the return value directly rather than through an argument. Additionally, cap_task_prctl() now prepares a new set of credentials, even if it doesn't end up using it. (9) Keyrings. A number of changes have been made to the keyrings code: (a) switch_uid_keyring(), copy_keys(), exit_keys() and suid_keys() have all been dropped and built in to the credentials functions directly. They may want separating out again later. (b) key_alloc() and search_process_keyrings() now take a cred pointer rather than a task pointer to specify the security context. (c) copy_creds() gives a new thread within the same thread group a new thread keyring if its parent had one, otherwise it discards the thread keyring. (d) The authorisation key now points directly to the credentials to extend the search into rather pointing to the task that carries them. (e) Installing thread, process or session keyrings causes a new set of credentials to be created, even though it's not strictly necessary for process or session keyrings (they're shared). (10) Usermode helper. The usermode helper code now carries a cred struct pointer in its subprocess_info struct instead of a new session keyring pointer. This set of credentials is derived from init_cred and installed on the new process after it has been cloned. call_usermodehelper_setup() allocates the new credentials and call_usermodehelper_freeinfo() discards them if they haven't been used. A special cred function (prepare_usermodeinfo_creds()) is provided specifically for call_usermodehelper_setup() to call. call_usermodehelper_setkeys() adjusts the credentials to sport the supplied keyring as the new session keyring. (11) SELinux. SELinux has a number of changes, in addition to those to support the LSM interface changes mentioned above: (a) selinux_setprocattr() no longer does its check for whether the current ptracer can access processes with the new SID inside the lock that covers getting the ptracer's SID. Whilst this lock ensures that the check is done with the ptracer pinned, the result is only valid until the lock is released, so there's no point doing it inside the lock. (12) is_single_threaded(). This function has been extracted from selinux_setprocattr() and put into a file of its own in the lib/ directory as join_session_keyring() now wants to use it too. The code in SELinux just checked to see whether a task shared mm_structs with other tasks (CLONE_VM), but that isn't good enough. We really want to know if they're part of the same thread group (CLONE_THREAD). (13) nfsd. The NFS server daemon now has to use the COW credentials to set the credentials it is going to use. It really needs to pass the credentials down to the functions it calls, but it can't do that until other patches in this series have been applied. Signed-off-by: David Howells <dhowells@redhat.com> Acked-by: James Morris <jmorris@namei.org> Signed-off-by: James Morris <jmorris@namei.org>
* CRED: Separate task security context from task_structDavid Howells2008-11-141-12/+13
| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | Separate the task security context from task_struct. At this point, the security data is temporarily embedded in the task_struct with two pointers pointing to it. Note that the Alpha arch is altered as it refers to (E)UID and (E)GID in entry.S via asm-offsets. With comment fixes Signed-off-by: Marc Dionne <marc.c.dionne@gmail.com> Signed-off-by: David Howells <dhowells@redhat.com> Acked-by: James Morris <jmorris@namei.org> Acked-by: Serge Hallyn <serue@us.ibm.com> Signed-off-by: James Morris <jmorris@namei.org>
* KEYS: Alter use of key instantiation link-to-keyring argumentDavid Howells2008-11-141-47/+71
| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | Alter the use of the key instantiation and negation functions' link-to-keyring arguments. Currently this specifies a keyring in the target process to link the key into, creating the keyring if it doesn't exist. This, however, can be a problem for copy-on-write credentials as it means that the instantiating process can alter the credentials of the requesting process. This patch alters the behaviour such that: (1) If keyctl_instantiate_key() or keyctl_negate_key() are given a specific keyring by ID (ringid >= 0), then that keyring will be used. (2) If keyctl_instantiate_key() or keyctl_negate_key() are given one of the special constants that refer to the requesting process's keyrings (KEY_SPEC_*_KEYRING, all <= 0), then: (a) If sys_request_key() was given a keyring to use (destringid) then the key will be attached to that keyring. (b) If sys_request_key() was given a NULL keyring, then the key being instantiated will be attached to the default keyring as set by keyctl_set_reqkey_keyring(). (3) No extra link will be made. Decision point (1) follows current behaviour, and allows those instantiators who've searched for a specifically named keyring in the requestor's keyring so as to partition the keys by type to still have their named keyrings. Decision point (2) allows the requestor to make sure that the key or keys that get produced by request_key() go where they want, whilst allowing the instantiator to request that the key is retained. This is mainly useful for situations where the instantiator makes a secondary request, the key for which should be retained by the initial requestor: +-----------+ +--------------+ +--------------+ | | | | | | | Requestor |------->| Instantiator |------->| Instantiator | | | | | | | +-----------+ +--------------+ +--------------+ request_key() request_key() This might be useful, for example, in Kerberos, where the requestor requests a ticket, and then the ticket instantiator requests the TGT, which someone else then has to go and fetch. The TGT, however, should be retained in the keyrings of the requestor, not the first instantiator. To make this explict an extra special keyring constant is also added. Signed-off-by: David Howells <dhowells@redhat.com> Reviewed-by: James Morris <jmorris@namei.org> Signed-off-by: James Morris <jmorris@namei.org>
* CRED: Wrap task credential accesses in the key management codeDavid Howells2008-11-141-1/+1
| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | Wrap access to task credentials so that they can be separated more easily from the task_struct during the introduction of COW creds. Change most current->(|e|s|fs)[ug]id to current_(|e|s|fs)[ug]id(). Change some task->e?[ug]id to task_e?[ug]id(). In some places it makes more sense to use RCU directly rather than a convenient wrapper; these will be addressed by later patches. Signed-off-by: David Howells <dhowells@redhat.com> Reviewed-by: James Morris <jmorris@namei.org> Acked-by: Serge Hallyn <serue@us.ibm.com> Signed-off-by: James Morris <jmorris@namei.org>
* keys: make the keyring quotas controllable through /proc/sysDavid Howells2008-04-291-3/+9
| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | Make the keyring quotas controllable through /proc/sys files: (*) /proc/sys/kernel/keys/root_maxkeys /proc/sys/kernel/keys/root_maxbytes Maximum number of keys that root may have and the maximum total number of bytes of data that root may have stored in those keys. (*) /proc/sys/kernel/keys/maxkeys /proc/sys/kernel/keys/maxbytes Maximum number of keys that each non-root user may have and the maximum total number of bytes of data that each of those users may have stored in their keys. Also increase the quotas as a number of people have been complaining that it's not big enough. I'm not sure that it's big enough now either, but on the other hand, it can now be set in /etc/sysctl.conf. Signed-off-by: David Howells <dhowells@redhat.com> Cc: <kwc@citi.umich.edu> Cc: <arunsr@cse.iitk.ac.in> Cc: <dwalsh@redhat.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
* keys: allow clients to set key perms in key_create_or_update()Arun Raghavan2008-04-291-1/+2
| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | The key_create_or_update() function provided by the keyring code has a default set of permissions that are always applied to the key when created. This might not be desirable to all clients. Here's a patch that adds a "perm" parameter to the function to address this, which can be set to KEY_PERM_UNDEF to revert to the current behaviour. Signed-off-by: Arun Raghavan <arunsr@cse.iitk.ac.in> Signed-off-by: David Howells <dhowells@redhat.com> Cc: Satyam Sharma <ssatyam@cse.iitk.ac.in> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
* keys: add keyctl function to get a security labelDavid Howells2008-04-291-0/+66
| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | Add a keyctl() function to get the security label of a key. The following is added to Documentation/keys.txt: (*) Get the LSM security context attached to a key. long keyctl(KEYCTL_GET_SECURITY, key_serial_t key, char *buffer, size_t buflen) This function returns a string that represents the LSM security context attached to a key in the buffer provided. Unless there's an error, it always returns the amount of data it could produce, even if that's too big for the buffer, but it won't copy more than requested to userspace. If the buffer pointer is NULL then no copy will take place. A NUL character is included at the end of the string if the buffer is sufficiently big. This is included in the returned count. If no LSM is in force then an empty string will be returned. A process must have view permission on the key for this function to be successful. [akpm@linux-foundation.org: declare keyctl_get_security()] Signed-off-by: David Howells <dhowells@redhat.com> Acked-by: Stephen Smalley <sds@tycho.nsa.gov> Cc: Paul Moore <paul.moore@hp.com> Cc: Chris Wright <chrisw@sous-sol.org> Cc: James Morris <jmorris@namei.org> Cc: Kevin Coffman <kwc@citi.umich.edu> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
* keys: allow the callout data to be passed as a blob rather than a stringDavid Howells2008-04-291-2/+5
| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | Allow the callout data to be passed as a blob rather than a string for internal kernel services that call any request_key_*() interface other than request_key(). request_key() itself still takes a NUL-terminated string. The functions that change are: request_key_with_auxdata() request_key_async() request_key_async_with_auxdata() Signed-off-by: David Howells <dhowells@redhat.com> Cc: Paul Moore <paul.moore@hp.com> Cc: Chris Wright <chrisw@sous-sol.org> Cc: Stephen Smalley <sds@tycho.nsa.gov> Cc: James Morris <jmorris@namei.org> Cc: Kevin Coffman <kwc@citi.umich.edu> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
* keys: increase the payload size when instantiating a keyDavid Howells2008-04-291-8/+30
| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | Increase the size of a payload that can be used to instantiate a key in add_key() and keyctl_instantiate_key(). This permits huge CIFS SPNEGO blobs to be passed around. The limit is raised to 1MB. If kmalloc() can't allocate a buffer of sufficient size, vmalloc() will be tried instead. Signed-off-by: David Howells <dhowells@redhat.com> Cc: Paul Moore <paul.moore@hp.com> Cc: Chris Wright <chrisw@sous-sol.org> Cc: Stephen Smalley <sds@tycho.nsa.gov> Cc: James Morris <jmorris@namei.org> Cc: Kevin Coffman <kwc@citi.umich.edu> Cc: Steven French <sfrench@us.ibm.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
* [PATCH] Keys: Allow in-kernel key requestor to pass auxiliary data to upcallerDavid Howells2006-06-291-1/+1
| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | The proposed NFS key type uses its own method of passing key requests to userspace (upcalling) rather than invoking /sbin/request-key. This is because the responsible userspace daemon should already be running and will be contacted through rpc_pipefs. This patch permits the NFS filesystem to pass auxiliary data to the upcall operation (struct key_type::request_key) so that the upcaller can use a pre-existing communications channel more easily. Signed-off-by: David Howells <dhowells@redhat.com> Acked-By: Kevin Coffman <kwc@citi.umich.edu> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@osdl.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@osdl.org>
* [PATCH] keys: let keyctl_chown() change a key's ownerFredrik Tolf2006-06-261-8/+48
| | | | | | | | | Let keyctl_chown() change a key's owner, including attempting to transfer the quota burden to the new user. Signed-off-by: David Howells <dhowells@redhat.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@osdl.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@osdl.org>
* [PATCH] keys: sort out key quota systemDavid Howells2006-06-261-2/+3
| | | | | | | | | | | | | Add the ability for key creation to overrun the user's quota in some circumstances - notably when a session keyring is created and assigned to a process that didn't previously have one. This means it's still possible to log in, should PAM require the creation of a new session keyring, and fix an overburdened key quota. Signed-off-by: David Howells <dhowells@redhat.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@osdl.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@osdl.org>
* [PATCH] strndup_user: convert keyctlDavi Arnaut2006-03-241-105/+50
| | | | | | | | | | | Copies user-space string with strndup_user() and moves the type string duplication code to a function (thus fixing a wrong check on the length of the type.) Signed-off-by: Davi Arnaut <davi.arnaut@gmail.com> Cc: David Howells <dhowells@redhat.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@osdl.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@osdl.org>
* [PATCH] Fix keyctl usage of strnlen_user()Davi Arnaut2006-02-031-5/+10
| | | | | | | | | | | In the small window between strnlen_user() and copy_from_user() userspace could alter the terminating `\0' character. Signed-off-by: Davi Arnaut <davi.arnaut@gmail.com> Cc: David Howells <dhowells@redhat.com> Cc: <stable@kernel.org> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@osdl.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@osdl.org>
* [PATCH] move capable() to capability.hRandy.Dunlap2006-01-111-0/+1
| | | | | | | | | | | | | - Move capable() from sched.h to capability.h; - Use <linux/capability.h> where capable() is used (in include/, block/, ipc/, kernel/, a few drivers/, mm/, security/, & sound/; many more drivers/ to go) Signed-off-by: Randy Dunlap <rdunlap@xenotime.net> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@osdl.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@osdl.org>
* [PATCH] keys: Permit running process to instantiate keysDavid Howells2006-01-081-23/+84
| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | Make it possible for a running process (such as gssapid) to be able to instantiate a key, as was requested by Trond Myklebust for NFS4. The patch makes the following changes: (1) A new, optional key type method has been added. This permits a key type to intercept requests at the point /sbin/request-key is about to be spawned and do something else with them - passing them over the rpc_pipefs files or netlink sockets for instance. The uninstantiated key, the authorisation key and the intended operation name are passed to the method. (2) The callout_info is no longer passed as an argument to /sbin/request-key to prevent unauthorised viewing of this data using ps or by looking in /proc/pid/cmdline. This means that the old /sbin/request-key program will not work with the patched kernel as it will expect to see an extra argument that is no longer there. A revised keyutils package will be made available tomorrow. (3) The callout_info is now attached to the authorisation key. Reading this key will retrieve the information. (4) A new field has been added to the task_struct. This holds the authorisation key currently active for a thread. Searches now look here for the caller's set of keys rather than looking for an auth key in the lowest level of the session keyring. This permits a thread to be servicing multiple requests at once and to switch between them. Note that this is per-thread, not per-process, and so is usable in multithreaded programs. The setting of this field is inherited across fork and exec. (5) A new keyctl function (KEYCTL_ASSUME_AUTHORITY) has been added that permits a thread to assume the authority to deal with an uninstantiated key. Assumption is only permitted if the authorisation key associated with the uninstantiated key is somewhere in the thread's keyrings. This function can also clear the assumption. (6) A new magic key specifier has been added to refer to the currently assumed authorisation key (KEY_SPEC_REQKEY_AUTH_KEY). (7) Instantiation will only proceed if the appropriate authorisation key is assumed first. The assumed authorisation key is discarded if instantiation is successful. (8) key_validate() is moved from the file of request_key functions to the file of permissions functions. (9) The documentation is updated. From: <Valdis.Kletnieks@vt.edu> Build fix. Signed-off-by: David Howells <dhowells@redhat.com> Cc: Trond Myklebust <trond.myklebust@fys.uio.no> Cc: Alexander Zangerl <az@bond.edu.au> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@osdl.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@osdl.org>
* [PATCH] keys: Permit key expiry time to be setDavid Howells2006-01-081-0/+44
| | | | | | | | | | | Add a new keyctl function that allows the expiry time to be set on a key or removed from a key, provided the caller has attribute modification access. Signed-off-by: David Howells <dhowells@redhat.com> Cc: Trond Myklebust <trond.myklebust@fys.uio.no> Cc: Alexander Zangerl <az@bond.edu.au> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@osdl.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@osdl.org>
* [PATCH] Keys: Add LSM hooks for key management [try #3]David Howells2005-10-301-5/+8
| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | The attached patch adds LSM hooks for key management facilities. The notable changes are: (1) The key struct now supports a security pointer for the use of security modules. This will permit key labelling and restrictions on which programs may access a key. (2) Security modules get a chance to note (or abort) the allocation of a key. (3) The key permission checking can now be enhanced by the security modules; the permissions check consults LSM if all other checks bear out. (4) The key permissions checking functions now return an error code rather than a boolean value. (5) An extra permission has been added to govern the modification of attributes (UID, GID, permissions). Note that there isn't an LSM hook specifically for each keyctl() operation, but rather the permissions hook allows control of individual operations based on the permission request bits. Key management access control through LSM is enabled by automatically if both CONFIG_KEYS and CONFIG_SECURITY are enabled. This should be applied on top of the patch ensubjected: [PATCH] Keys: Possessor permissions should be additive Signed-Off-By: David Howells <dhowells@redhat.com> Signed-off-by: Chris Wright <chrisw@osdl.org> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@osdl.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@osdl.org>
* [PATCH] Keys: Add possessor permissions to keys [try #3]David Howells2005-09-281-150/+151
| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | The attached patch adds extra permission grants to keys for the possessor of a key in addition to the owner, group and other permissions bits. This makes SUID binaries easier to support without going as far as labelling keys and key targets using the LSM facilities. This patch adds a second "pointer type" to key structures (struct key_ref *) that can have the bottom bit of the address set to indicate the possession of a key. This is propagated through searches from the keyring to the discovered key. It has been made a separate type so that the compiler can spot attempts to dereference a potentially incorrect pointer. The "possession" attribute can't be attached to a key structure directly as it's not an intrinsic property of a key. Pointers to keys have been replaced with struct key_ref *'s wherever possession information needs to be passed through. This does assume that the bottom bit of the pointer will always be zero on return from kmem_cache_alloc(). The key reference type has been made into a typedef so that at least it can be located in the sources, even though it's basically a pointer to an undefined type. I've also renamed the accessor functions to be more useful, and all reference variables should now end in "_ref". Signed-Off-By: David Howells <dhowells@redhat.com> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@osdl.org>
* [PATCH] Keys: Fix key management syscall interface bugsDavid Howells2005-08-041-4/+7
| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | This fixes five bugs in the key management syscall interface: (1) add_key() returns 0 rather than EINVAL if the key type is "". Checking the key type isn't "" should be left to lookup_user_key(). (2) request_key() returns ENOKEY rather than EPERM if the key type begins with a ".". lookup_user_key() can't do this because internal key types begin with a ".". (3) Key revocation always returns 0, even if it fails. (4) Key read can return EAGAIN rather than EACCES under some circumstances. A key is permitted to by read by a process if it doesn't grant read access, but it does grant search access and it is in the process's keyrings. That search returns EAGAIN if it fails, and this needs translating to EACCES. (5) request_key() never adds the new key to the destination keyring if one is supplied. The wrong macro was being used to test for an error condition: PTR_ERR() will always return true, whether or not there's an error; this should've been IS_ERR(). Signed-Off-By: David Howells <dhowells@redhat.com> Signed-Off-By: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@osdl.org>
* [PATCH] Keys: Make request-key create an authorisation keyDavid Howells2005-06-241-58/+118
| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | The attached patch makes the following changes: (1) There's a new special key type called ".request_key_auth". This is an authorisation key for when one process requests a key and another process is started to construct it. This type of key cannot be created by the user; nor can it be requested by kernel services. Authorisation keys hold two references: (a) Each refers to a key being constructed. When the key being constructed is instantiated the authorisation key is revoked, rendering it of no further use. (b) The "authorising process". This is either: (i) the process that called request_key(), or: (ii) if the process that called request_key() itself had an authorisation key in its session keyring, then the authorising process referred to by that authorisation key will also be referred to by the new authorisation key. This means that the process that initiated a chain of key requests will authorise the lot of them, and will, by default, wind up with the keys obtained from them in its keyrings. (2) request_key() creates an authorisation key which is then passed to /sbin/request-key in as part of a new session keyring. (3) When request_key() is searching for a key to hand back to the caller, if it comes across an authorisation key in the session keyring of the calling process, it will also search the keyrings of the process specified therein and it will use the specified process's credentials (fsuid, fsgid, groups) to do that rather than the calling process's credentials. This allows a process started by /sbin/request-key to find keys belonging to the authorising process. (4) A key can be read, even if the process executing KEYCTL_READ doesn't have direct read or search permission if that key is contained within the keyrings of a process specified by an authorisation key found within the calling process's session keyring, and is searchable using the credentials of the authorising process. This allows a process started by /sbin/request-key to read keys belonging to the authorising process. (5) The magic KEY_SPEC_*_KEYRING key IDs when passed to KEYCTL_INSTANTIATE or KEYCTL_NEGATE will specify a keyring of the authorising process, rather than the process doing the instantiation. (6) One of the process keyrings can be nominated as the default to which request_key() should attach new keys if not otherwise specified. This is done with KEYCTL_SET_REQKEY_KEYRING and one of the KEY_REQKEY_DEFL_* constants. The current setting can also be read using this call. (7) request_key() is partially interruptible. If it is waiting for another process to finish constructing a key, it can be interrupted. This permits a request-key cycle to be broken without recourse to rebooting. Signed-Off-By: David Howells <dhowells@redhat.com> Signed-Off-By: Benoit Boissinot <benoit.boissinot@ens-lyon.org> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@osdl.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@osdl.org>
* [PATCH] keys: Discard key spinlock and use RCU for key payloadDavid Howells2005-06-241-16/+7
| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | The attached patch changes the key implementation in a number of ways: (1) It removes the spinlock from the key structure. (2) The key flags are now accessed using atomic bitops instead of write-locking the key spinlock and using C bitwise operators. The three instantiation flags are dealt with with the construction semaphore held during the request_key/instantiate/negate sequence, thus rendering the spinlock superfluous. The key flags are also now bit numbers not bit masks. (3) The key payload is now accessed using RCU. This permits the recursive keyring search algorithm to be simplified greatly since no locks need be taken other than the usual RCU preemption disablement. Searching now does not require any locks or semaphores to be held; merely that the starting keyring be pinned. (4) The keyring payload now includes an RCU head so that it can be disposed of by call_rcu(). This requires that the payload be copied on unlink to prevent introducing races in copy-down vs search-up. (5) The user key payload is now a structure with the data following it. It includes an RCU head like the keyring payload and for the same reason. It also contains a data length because the data length in the key may be changed on another CPU whilst an RCU protected read is in progress on the payload. This would then see the supposed RCU payload and the on-key data length getting out of sync. I'm tempted to drop the key's datalen entirely, except that it's used in conjunction with quota management and so is a little tricky to get rid of. (6) Update the keys documentation. Signed-Off-By: David Howells <dhowells@redhat.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@osdl.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@osdl.org>
* Linux-2.6.12-rc2v2.6.12-rc2Linus Torvalds2005-04-161-0/+987
Initial git repository build. I'm not bothering with the full history, even though we have it. We can create a separate "historical" git archive of that later if we want to, and in the meantime it's about 3.2GB when imported into git - space that would just make the early git days unnecessarily complicated, when we don't have a lot of good infrastructure for it. Let it rip!