path: root/mm/nommu.c
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* nommu: yield CPU while disposing VMSteven J. Magnani2010-11-251-0/+1
| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | Depending on processor speed, page size, and the amount of memory a process is allowed to amass, cleanup of a large VM may freeze the system for many seconds. This can result in a watchdog timeout. Make sure other tasks receive some service when cleaning up large VMs. Signed-off-by: Steven J. Magnani <steve@digidescorp.com> Cc: Greg Ungerer <gerg@snapgear.com> Reviewed-by: KOSAKI Motohiro <kosaki.motohiro@jp.fujitsu.com> Cc: <stable@kernel.org> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
* audit mmapAl Viro2010-10-301-0/+2
| | | | | | | | | | Normal syscall audit doesn't catch 5th argument of syscall. It also doesn't catch the contents of userland structures pointed to be syscall argument, so for both old and new mmap(2) ABI it doesn't record the descriptor we are mapping. For old one it also misses flags. Signed-off-by: Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk>
* mm: add vzalloc() and vzalloc_node() helpersDave Young2010-10-261-1/+48
| | | | | | | | | | | | | | Add vzalloc() and vzalloc_node() to encapsulate the vmalloc-then-memset-zero operation. Use __GFP_ZERO to zero fill the allocated memory. Signed-off-by: Dave Young <hidave.darkstar@gmail.com> Cc: Christoph Lameter <cl@linux-foundation.org> Acked-by: Greg Ungerer <gerg@snapgear.com> Cc: David Howells <dhowells@redhat.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
* mm: make the vma list be doubly linkedLinus Torvalds2010-08-211-2/+5
| | | | | | | | | | It's a really simple list, and several of the users want to go backwards in it to find the previous vma. So rather than have to look up the previous entry with 'find_vma_prev()' or something similar, just make it doubly linked instead. Tested-by: Ian Campbell <ijc@hellion.org.uk> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
* NOMMU: Remove an extraneous no_printk()David Howells2010-08-131-5/+0
| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | Remove an extraneous no_printk() in mm/nommu.c that got missed when the function got generalised from several things that used it in commit 12fdff3fc248 ("Add a dummy printk function for the maintenance of unused printks"). Without this, the following error is observed: mm/nommu.c:41: error: conflicting types for 'no_printk' include/linux/kernel.h:314: error: previous definition of 'no_printk' was here Reported-by: Michal Simek <monstr@monstr.eu> Signed-off-by: David Howells <dhowells@redhat.com> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
* nommu: allow private mappings of read-only devicesBernd Schmidt2010-05-261-14/+18
| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | Slightly rearrange the logic that determines capabilities and vm_flags. Disable BDI_CAP_MAP_DIRECT in all cases if the device can't support the protections. Allow private readonly mappings of readonly backing devices. Signed-off-by: Bernd Schmidt <bernds_cb1@t-online.de> Signed-off-by: Mike Frysinger <vapier@gentoo.org> Acked-by: David McCullough <davidm@snapgear.com> Acked-by: Greg Ungerer <gerg@uclinux.org> Acked-by: Paul Mundt <lethal@linux-sh.org> Acked-by: David Howells <dhowells@redhat.com> Cc: Hugh Dickins <hughd@google.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
* NOMMU: Fix __get_user_pages() to pin last page on offset buffersDavid Howells2010-03-251-1/+1
| | | | | | | | | | | | | | Fix __get_user_pages() to make it pin the last page on a buffer that doesn't begin at the start of a page, but is a multiple of PAGE_SIZE in size. The problem is that __get_user_pages() advances the pointer too much when it iterates to the next page if the page it's currently looking at isn't used from the first byte. This can cause the end of a short VMA to be reached prematurely, resulting in the last page being lost. Signed-off-by: Steven J. Magnani <steve@digidescorp.com> Signed-off-by: David Howells <dhowells@redhat.com> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
* NOMMU: Revert 'nommu: get_user_pages(): pin last page on non-page-aligned start'David Howells2010-03-251-2/+2
| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | Revert the following patch: commit c08c6e1f54c85fc299cf9f88cf330d6dd28a9a1d Author: Steven J. Magnani <steve@digidescorp.com> Date: Fri Mar 5 13:42:24 2010 -0800 nommu: get_user_pages(): pin last page on non-page-aligned start As it assumes that the mappings begin at the start of pages - something that isn't necessarily true on NOMMU systems. On NOMMU systems, it is possible for a mapping to only occupy part of the page, and not necessarily touch either end of it; in fact it's also possible for multiple non-overlapping mappings to coexist on one page (consider direct mappings of ROMFS files, for example). Signed-off-by: David Howells <dhowells@redhat.com> Acked-by: Steven J. Magnani <steve@digidescorp.com> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
* nommu: fix an incorrect comment in the do_mmap_shared_file()David Howells2010-03-241-4/+3
| | | | | | | | | | | Fix an incorrect comment in the do_mmap_shared_file(). If a mapping is requested MAP_SHARED, then a private copy cannot be made and still provide correct semantics. Signed-off-by: David Howells <dhowells@redhat.com> Reported-by: Dave Hudson <uclinux@blueteddy.net> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
* Add generic sys_old_mmap()Christoph Hellwig2010-03-121-0/+24
| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | Add a generic implementation of the old mmap() syscall, which expects its argument in a memory block and switch all architectures over to use it. Signed-off-by: Christoph Hellwig <hch@lst.de> Cc: Ralf Baechle <ralf@linux-mips.org> Cc: Benjamin Herrenschmidt <benh@kernel.crashing.org> Cc: Paul Mundt <lethal@linux-sh.org> Cc: Jeff Dike <jdike@addtoit.com> Cc: Hirokazu Takata <takata@linux-m32r.org> Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de> Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu> Reviewed-by: H. Peter Anvin <hpa@zytor.com> Cc: Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk> Cc: Arnd Bergmann <arnd@arndb.de> Cc: Heiko Carstens <heiko.carstens@de.ibm.com> Cc: Martin Schwidefsky <schwidefsky@de.ibm.com> Cc: "Luck, Tony" <tony.luck@intel.com> Cc: James Morris <jmorris@namei.org> Cc: Andreas Schwab <schwab@linux-m68k.org> Acked-by: Jesper Nilsson <jesper.nilsson@axis.com> Acked-by: Russell King <rmk+kernel@arm.linux.org.uk> Acked-by: Greg Ungerer <gerg@uclinux.org> Acked-by: David Howells <dhowells@redhat.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
* nommu: get_user_pages(): pin last page on non-page-aligned startSteven J. Magnani2010-03-061-2/+2
| | | | | | | | | | | | The noMMU version of get_user_pages() fails to pin the last page when the start address isn't page-aligned. The patch fixes this in a way that makes find_extend_vma() congruent to its MMU cousin. Signed-off-by: Steven J. Magnani <steve@digidescorp.com> Acked-by: Paul Mundt <lethal@linux-sh.org> Cc: David Howells <dhowells@redhat.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
* mm: change anon_vma linking to fix multi-process server scalability issueRik van Riel2010-03-061-1/+1
| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | The old anon_vma code can lead to scalability issues with heavily forking workloads. Specifically, each anon_vma will be shared between the parent process and all its child processes. In a workload with 1000 child processes and a VMA with 1000 anonymous pages per process that get COWed, this leads to a system with a million anonymous pages in the same anon_vma, each of which is mapped in just one of the 1000 processes. However, the current rmap code needs to walk them all, leading to O(N) scanning complexity for each page. This can result in systems where one CPU is walking the page tables of 1000 processes in page_referenced_one, while all other CPUs are stuck on the anon_vma lock. This leads to catastrophic failure for a benchmark like AIM7, where the total number of processes can reach in the tens of thousands. Real workloads are still a factor 10 less process intensive than AIM7, but they are catching up. This patch changes the way anon_vmas and VMAs are linked, which allows us to associate multiple anon_vmas with a VMA. At fork time, each child process gets its own anon_vmas, in which its COWed pages will be instantiated. The parents' anon_vma is also linked to the VMA, because non-COWed pages could be present in any of the children. This reduces rmap scanning complexity to O(1) for the pages of the 1000 child processes, with O(N) complexity for at most 1/N pages in the system. This reduces the average scanning cost in heavily forking workloads from O(N) to 2. The only real complexity in this patch stems from the fact that linking a VMA to anon_vmas now involves memory allocations. This means vma_adjust can fail, if it needs to attach a VMA to anon_vma structures. This in turn means error handling needs to be added to the calling functions. A second source of complexity is that, because there can be multiple anon_vmas, the anon_vma linking in vma_adjust can no longer be done under "the" anon_vma lock. To prevent the rmap code from walking up an incomplete VMA, this patch introduces the VM_LOCK_RMAP VMA flag. This bit flag uses the same slot as the NOMMU VM_MAPPED_COPY, with an ifdef in mm.h to make sure it is impossible to compile a kernel that needs both symbolic values for the same bitflag. Some test results: Without the anon_vma changes, when AIM7 hits around 9.7k users (on a test box with 16GB RAM and not quite enough IO), the system ends up running >99% in system time, with every CPU on the same anon_vma lock in the pageout code. With these changes, AIM7 hits the cross-over point around 29.7k users. This happens with ~99% IO wait time, there never seems to be any spike in system time. The anon_vma lock contention appears to be resolved. [akpm@linux-foundation.org: cleanups] Signed-off-by: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com> Cc: KOSAKI Motohiro <kosaki.motohiro@jp.fujitsu.com> Cc: Larry Woodman <lwoodman@redhat.com> Cc: Lee Schermerhorn <Lee.Schermerhorn@hp.com> Cc: Minchan Kim <minchan.kim@gmail.com> Cc: Andrea Arcangeli <aarcange@redhat.com> Cc: Hugh Dickins <hugh.dickins@tiscali.co.uk> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
* nommu: fix shared mmap after truncate shrinkage problemsDavid Howells2010-01-161-0/+62
| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | Fix a problem in NOMMU mmap with ramfs whereby a shared mmap can happen over the end of a truncation. The problem is that ramfs_nommu_check_mappings() checks that the reduced file size against the VMA tree, but not the vm_region tree. The following sequence of events can cause the problem: fd = open("/tmp/x", O_RDWR|O_TRUNC|O_CREAT, 0600); ftruncate(fd, 32 * 1024); a = mmap(NULL, 32 * 1024, PROT_READ|PROT_WRITE, MAP_SHARED, fd, 0); b = mmap(NULL, 16 * 1024, PROT_READ|PROT_WRITE, MAP_SHARED, fd, 0); munmap(a, 32 * 1024); ftruncate(fd, 16 * 1024); c = mmap(NULL, 32 * 1024, PROT_READ|PROT_WRITE, MAP_SHARED, fd, 0); Mapping 'a' creates a vm_region covering 32KB of the file. Mapping 'b' sees that the vm_region from 'a' is covering the region it wants and so shares it, pinning it in memory. Mapping 'a' then goes away and the file is truncated to the end of VMA 'b'. However, the region allocated by 'a' is still in effect, and has _not_ been reduced. Mapping 'c' is then created, and because there's a vm_region covering the desired region, get_unmapped_area() is _not_ called to repeat the check, and the mapping is granted, even though the pages from the latter half of the mapping have been discarded. However: d = mmap(NULL, 16 * 1024, PROT_READ|PROT_WRITE, MAP_SHARED, fd, 0); Mapping 'd' should work, and should end up sharing the region allocated by 'a'. To deal with this, we shrink the vm_region struct during the truncation, lest do_mmap_pgoff() take it as licence to share the full region automatically without calling the get_unmapped_area() file op again. Signed-off-by: David Howells <dhowells@redhat.com> Acked-by: Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk> Cc: Greg Ungerer <gerg@snapgear.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
* nommu: don't need get_unmapped_area() for NOMMUDavid Howells2010-01-161-21/+0
| | | | | | | | | | get_unmapped_area() is unnecessary for NOMMU as no-one calls it. Signed-off-by: David Howells <dhowells@redhat.com> Acked-by: Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk> Cc: Greg Ungerer <gerg@snapgear.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
* nommu: remove a superfluous check of vm_region::vm_usageDavid Howells2010-01-161-4/+3
| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | In split_vma(), there's no need to check if the VMA being split has a region that's in use by more than one VMA because: (1) The preceding test prohibits splitting of non-anonymous VMAs and regions (eg: file or chardev backed VMAs). (2) Anonymous regions can't be mapped multiple times because there's no handle by which to refer to the already existing region. (3) If a VMA has previously been split, then the region backing it has also been split into two regions, each of usage 1. Signed-off-by: David Howells <dhowells@redhat.com> Acked-by: Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk> Cc: Greg Ungerer <gerg@snapgear.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
* nommu: struct vm_region's vm_usage count need not be atomicDavid Howells2010-01-161-7/+7
| | | | | | | | | | | The vm_usage count field in struct vm_region does not need to be atomic as it's only even modified whilst nommu_region_sem is write locked. Signed-off-by: David Howells <dhowells@redhat.com> Acked-by: Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk> Cc: Greg Ungerer <gerg@snapgear.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
* NOMMU: Use copy_*_user_page() in access_process_vm()Jie Zhang2010-01-061-2/+4
| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | The MMU code uses the copy_*_user_page() variants in access_process_vm() rather than copy_*_user() as the former includes an icache flush. This is important when doing things like setting software breakpoints with gdb. So switch the NOMMU code over to do the same. This patch makes the reasonable assumption that copy_from_user_page() won't fail - which is probably fine, as we've checked the VMA from which we're copying is usable, and the copy is not allowed to cross VMAs. The one case where it might go wrong is if the VMA is a device rather than RAM, and that device returns an error which - in which case rubbish will be returned rather than EIO. Signed-off-by: Jie Zhang <jie.zhang@analog.com> Signed-off-by: Mike Frysinger <vapier@gentoo.org> Signed-off-by: David Howells <dhowells@redhat.com> Acked-by: David McCullough <david_mccullough@mcafee.com> Acked-by: Paul Mundt <lethal@linux-sh.org> Acked-by: Greg Ungerer <gerg@uclinux.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
* NOMMU: Avoiding duplicate icache flushes of shared mapsMike Frysinger2010-01-061-3/+8
| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | When working with FDPIC, there are many shared mappings of read-only code regions between applications (the C library, applet packages like busybox, etc.), but the current do_mmap_pgoff() function will issue an icache flush whenever a VMA is added to an MM instead of only doing it when the map is initially created. The flush can instead be done when a region is first mmapped PROT_EXEC. Note that we may not rely on the first mapping of a region being executable - it's possible for it to be PROT_READ only, so we have to remember whether we've flushed the region or not, and then flush the entire region when a bit of it is made executable. However, this also affects the brk area. That will no longer be executable. We can mprotect() it to PROT_EXEC on MPU-mode kernels, but for NOMMU mode kernels, when it increases the brk allocation, making sys_brk() flush the extra from the icache should suffice. The brk area probably isn't used by NOMMU programs since the brk area can only use up the leavings from the stack allocation, where the stack allocation is larger than requested. Signed-off-by: David Howells <dhowells@redhat.com> Signed-off-by: Mike Frysinger <vapier@gentoo.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
* mm: move sys_mmap_pgoff from util.cHugh Dickins2009-12-301-0/+25
| | | | | | | | | | | | | Move sys_mmap_pgoff() from mm/util.c to mm/mmap.c and mm/nommu.c, where we'd expect to find such code: especially now that it contains the MAP_HUGETLB handling. Revert mm/util.c to how it was in 2.6.32. This patch just ignores MAP_HUGETLB in the nommu case, as in 2.6.32, whereas 2.6.33-rc2 reported -ENOSYS. Perhaps validate_mmap_request() should reject it with -EINVAL? Add that later if necessary. Signed-off-by: Hugh Dickins <hugh.dickins@tiscali.co.uk> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
* nommu: fix malloc performance by adding uninitialized flagJie Zhang2009-12-151-3/+5
| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | The NOMMU code currently clears all anonymous mmapped memory. While this is what we want in the default case, all memory allocation from userspace under NOMMU has to go through this interface, including malloc() which is allowed to return uninitialized memory. This can easily be a significant performance penalty. So for constrained embedded systems were security is irrelevant, allow people to avoid clearing memory unnecessarily. This also alters the ELF-FDPIC binfmt such that it obtains uninitialised memory for the brk and stack region. Signed-off-by: Jie Zhang <jie.zhang@analog.com> Signed-off-by: Robin Getz <rgetz@blackfin.uclinux.org> Signed-off-by: Mike Frysinger <vapier@gentoo.org> Signed-off-by: David Howells <dhowells@redhat.com> Acked-by: Paul Mundt <lethal@linux-sh.org> Acked-by: Greg Ungerer <gerg@snapgear.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
* NOMMU: Don't pass NULL pointers to fput() in do_mmap_pgoff()David Howells2009-10-311-2/+4
| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | Don't pass NULL pointers to fput() in the error handling paths of the NOMMU do_mmap_pgoff() as it can't handle it. The following can be used as a test program: int main() { static long long a[1024 * 1024 * 20] = { 0 }; return a;} Without the patch, the code oopses in atomic_long_dec_and_test() as called by fput() after the kernel complains that it can't allocate that big a chunk of memory. With the patch, the kernel just complains about the allocation size and then the program segfaults during execve() as execve() can't complete the allocation of all the new ELF program segments. Reported-by: Robin Getz <rgetz@blackfin.uclinux.org> Signed-off-by: David Howells <dhowells@redhat.com> Acked-by: Robin Getz <rgetz@blackfin.uclinux.org> Cc: stable@kernel.org Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
* const: mark struct vm_struct_operationsAlexey Dobriyan2009-09-271-1/+1
| | | | | | | | | | | * mark struct vm_area_struct::vm_ops as const * mark vm_ops in AGP code But leave TTM code alone, something is fishy there with global vm_ops being used. Signed-off-by: Alexey Dobriyan <adobriyan@gmail.com> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
* NOMMU: Ignore mmap() address param as it is a hintDavid Howells2009-09-241-4/+4
| | | | | | | | Ignore the address parameter given to NOMMU mmap() as it is a hint, rather than giving an error if it's non-zero. MAP_FIXED still gets an error. Signed-off-by: David Howells <dhowells@redhat.com> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
* NOMMU: Fix MAP_PRIVATE mmap() of objects where the data can be mapped directlyDavid Howells2009-09-241-22/+12
| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | Fix MAP_PRIVATE mmap() of files and devices where the data in the backing store might be mapped directly. Use the BDI_CAP_MAP_DIRECT capability flag to govern whether or not we should be trying to map a file directly. This can be used to determine whether or not a region has been filled in at the point where we call do_mmap_shared() or do_mmap_private(). The BDI_CAP_MAP_DIRECT capability flag is cleared by validate_mmap_request() if there's any reason we can't use it. It's also cleared in do_mmap_pgoff() if f_op->get_unmapped_area() fails. Without this fix, attempting to run a program from a RomFS image on a non-mappable MTD partition results in a BUG as the kernel attempts XIP, and this can be caught in gdb: Program received signal SIGABRT, Aborted. 0xc005dce8 in add_nommu_region (region=<value optimized out>) at mm/nommu.c:547 (gdb) bt #0 0xc005dce8 in add_nommu_region (region=<value optimized out>) at mm/nommu.c:547 #1 0xc005f168 in do_mmap_pgoff (file=0xc31a6620, addr=<value optimized out>, len=3808, prot=3, flags=6146, pgoff=0) at mm/nommu.c:1373 #2 0xc00a96b8 in elf_fdpic_map_file (params=0xc33fbbec, file=0xc31a6620, mm=0xc31bef60, what=0xc0213144 "executable") at mm.h:1145 #3 0xc00aa8b4 in load_elf_fdpic_binary (bprm=0xc316cb00, regs=<value optimized out>) at fs/binfmt_elf_fdpic.c:343 #4 0xc006b588 in search_binary_handler (bprm=0x6, regs=0xc33fbce0) at fs/exec.c:1234 #5 0xc006c648 in do_execve (filename=<value optimized out>, argv=0xc3ad14cc, envp=0xc3ad1460, regs=0xc33fbce0) at fs/exec.c:1356 #6 0xc0008cf0 in sys_execve (name=<value optimized out>, argv=0xc3ad14cc, envp=0xc3ad1460) at arch/frv/kernel/process.c:263 #7 0xc00075dc in __syscall_call () at arch/frv/kernel/entry.S:897 Note that this fix does the following commit differently: commit a190887b58c32d19c2eee007c5eb8faa970a69ba Author: David Howells <dhowells@redhat.com> Date: Sat Sep 5 11:17:07 2009 -0700 nommu: fix error handling in do_mmap_pgoff() Reported-by: Graff Yang <graff.yang@gmail.com> Signed-off-by: David Howells <dhowells@redhat.com> Acked-by: Pekka Enberg <penberg@cs.helsinki.fi> Cc: Paul Mundt <lethal@linux-sh.org> Cc: Mel Gorman <mel@csn.ul.ie> Cc: Greg Ungerer <gerg@snapgear.com> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
* truncate: new helpersnpiggin@suse.de2009-09-241-40/+0
| | | | | | | | | | Introduce new truncate helpers truncate_pagecache and inode_newsize_ok. vmtruncate is also consolidated from mm/memory.c and mm/nommu.c and into mm/truncate.c. Reviewed-by: Christoph Hellwig <hch@lst.de> Signed-off-by: Nick Piggin <npiggin@suse.de> Signed-off-by: Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk>
* nommu: fix two build breakagesHugh Dickins2009-09-231-1/+2
| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | My 58fa879e1e640a1856f736b418984ebeccee1c95 "mm: FOLL flags for GUP flags" broke CONFIG_NOMMU build by forgetting to update nommu.c foll_flags type: mm/nommu.c:171: error: conflicting types for `__get_user_pages' mm/internal.h:254: error: previous declaration of `__get_user_pages' was here make[1]: *** [mm/nommu.o] Error 1 My 03f6462a3ae78f36eb1f0ee8b4d5ae2f7859c1d5 "mm: move highest_memmap_pfn" broke CONFIG_NOMMU build by forgetting to add a nommu.c highest_memmap_pfn: mm/built-in.o: In function `memmap_init_zone': (.meminit.text+0x326): undefined reference to `highest_memmap_pfn' mm/built-in.o: In function `memmap_init_zone': (.meminit.text+0x32d): undefined reference to `highest_memmap_pfn' Fix both breakages, and give myself 30 lashes (ouch!) Reported-by: Michal Simek <michal.simek@petalogix.com> Signed-off-by: Hugh Dickins <hugh.dickins@tiscali.co.uk> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
* nommu: add support for Memory Protection Units (MPU)Bernd Schmidt2009-09-221-0/+21
| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | Some architectures (like the Blackfin arch) implement some of the "simpler" features that one would expect out of a MMU such as memory protection. In our case, we actually get read/write/exec protection down to the page boundary so processes can't stomp on each other let alone the kernel. There is a performance decrease (which depends greatly on the workload) however as the hardware/software interaction was not optimized at design time. Signed-off-by: Bernd Schmidt <bernds_cb1@t-online.de> Signed-off-by: Bryan Wu <cooloney@kernel.org> Signed-off-by: Mike Frysinger <vapier@gentoo.org> Acked-by: David Howells <dhowells@redhat.com> Acked-by: Greg Ungerer <gerg@snapgear.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
* mm: FOLL flags for GUP flagsHugh Dickins2009-09-221-8/+8
| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | __get_user_pages() has been taking its own GUP flags, then processing them into FOLL flags for follow_page(). Though oddly named, the FOLL flags are more widely used, so pass them to __get_user_pages() now. Sorry, VM flags, VM_FAULT flags and FAULT_FLAGs are still distinct. (The patch to __get_user_pages() looks peculiar, with both gup_flags and foll_flags: the gup_flags remain constant; but as before there's an exceptional case, out of scope of the patch, in which foll_flags per page have FOLL_WRITE masked off.) Signed-off-by: Hugh Dickins <hugh.dickins@tiscali.co.uk> Cc: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com> Cc: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com> Cc: KOSAKI Motohiro <kosaki.motohiro@jp.fujitsu.com> Cc: Nick Piggin <npiggin@suse.de> Cc: Mel Gorman <mel@csn.ul.ie> Cc: Minchan Kim <minchan.kim@gmail.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
* mm: remove unused GUP flagsHugh Dickins2009-09-221-4/+2
| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | GUP_FLAGS_IGNORE_VMA_PERMISSIONS and GUP_FLAGS_IGNORE_SIGKILL were flags added solely to prevent __get_user_pages() from doing some of what it usually does, in the munlock case: we can now remove them. Signed-off-by: Hugh Dickins <hugh.dickins@tiscali.co.uk> Acked-by: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com> Cc: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com> Cc: KOSAKI Motohiro <kosaki.motohiro@jp.fujitsu.com> Cc: Nick Piggin <npiggin@suse.de> Cc: Mel Gorman <mel@csn.ul.ie> Cc: Minchan Kim <minchan.kim@gmail.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
* mm: includecheck fix for mm/nommu.cJaswinder Singh Rajput2009-09-221-2/+0
| | | | | | | | | | | | Fix the following 'make includecheck' warning: mm/nommu.c: internal.h is included more than once. Signed-off-by: Jaswinder Singh Rajput <jaswinderrajput@gmail.com> Cc: David Howells <dhowells@redhat.com> Acked-by: Greg Ungerer <gerg@snapgear.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
* nommu: fix error handling in do_mmap_pgoff()David Howells2009-09-051-2/+1
| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | Fix the error handling in do_mmap_pgoff(). If do_mmap_shared_file() or do_mmap_private() fail, we jump to the error_put_region label at which point we cann __put_nommu_region() on the region - but we haven't yet added the region to the tree, and so __put_nommu_region() may BUG because the region tree is empty or it may corrupt the region tree. To get around this, we can afford to add the region to the region tree before calling do_mmap_shared_file() or do_mmap_private() as we keep nommu_region_sem write-locked, so no-one can race with us by seeing a transient region. Signed-off-by: David Howells <dhowells@redhat.com> Acked-by: Pekka Enberg <penberg@cs.helsinki.fi> Acked-by: Paul Mundt <lethal@linux-sh.org> Cc: Mel Gorman <mel@csn.ul.ie> Acked-by: Greg Ungerer <gerg@snapgear.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
* nommu: check fd read permission in validate_mmap_request()Graff Yang2009-08-181-0/+4
| | | | | | | | | | | | | According to the POSIX (1003.1-2008), the file descriptor shall have been opened with read permission, regardless of the protection options specified to mmap(). The ltp test cases mmap06/07 need this. Signed-off-by: Graff Yang <graff.yang@gmail.com> Acked-by: Paul Mundt <lethal@linux-sh.org> Signed-off-by: David Howells <dhowells@redhat.com> Acked-by: Greg Ungerer <gerg@snapgear.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
* Security/SELinux: seperate lsm specific mmap_min_addrEric Paris2009-08-171-3/+0
| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | Currently SELinux enforcement of controls on the ability to map low memory is determined by the mmap_min_addr tunable. This patch causes SELinux to ignore the tunable and instead use a seperate Kconfig option specific to how much space the LSM should protect. The tunable will now only control the need for CAP_SYS_RAWIO and SELinux permissions will always protect the amount of low memory designated by CONFIG_LSM_MMAP_MIN_ADDR. This allows users who need to disable the mmap_min_addr controls (usual reason being they run WINE as a non-root user) to do so and still have SELinux controls preventing confined domains (like a web server) from being able to map some area of low memory. Signed-off-by: Eric Paris <eparis@redhat.com> Signed-off-by: James Morris <jmorris@namei.org>
* Merge git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/lethal/sh-2.6Linus Torvalds2009-07-011-0/+21
|\ | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | * git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/lethal/sh-2.6: sh: LCDC dcache flush for deferred io sh: Fix compiler error and include the definition of IS_ERR_VALUE sh: re-add LCDC fbdev support to the Migo-R defconfig sh: fix se7724 ceu names sh: ms7724se: Enable sh_eth in defconfig. arch/sh/boards/mach-se/7206/io.c: Remove unnecessary semicolons sh: ms7724se: Add sh_eth support nommu: provide follow_pfn(). sh: Kill off unused DEBUG_BOOTMEM symbol. perf_counter tools: add cpu_relax()/rmb() definitions for sh. sh64: Hook up page fault events for software perf counters. sh: Hook up page fault events for software perf counters. sh: make set_perf_counter_pending() static inline. clocksource: sh_tmu: Make undefined TCOR behaviour less undefined.
| * nommu: provide follow_pfn().Paul Mundt2009-06-261-0/+21
| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | With the introduction of follow_pfn() as an exported symbol, modules have begun making use of it. Unfortunately this was not reflected on nommu at the time, so the in-tree users have subsequently all blown up with link errors there. This provides a simple follow_pfn() that just returns addr >> PAGE_SHIFT, which will do the right thing on nommu. There is no need to do range checking within the vma, as the find_vma() case will already take care of this. Signed-off-by: Paul Mundt <lethal@linux-sh.org>
* | clarify get_user_pages() prototypePeter Zijlstra2009-06-251-7/+5
|/ | | | | | | | | Currently the 4th parameter of get_user_pages() is called len, but its in pages, not bytes. Rename the thing to nr_pages to avoid future confusion. Signed-off-by: Peter Zijlstra <a.p.zijlstra@chello.nl> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
* nommu: Provide mmap_min_addr definition.Paul Mundt2009-06-101-0/+3
| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | With the "security: use mmap_min_addr indepedently of security models" change, mmap_min_addr is used in common areas, which susbsequently blows up the nommu build. This stubs in the definition in the nommu case as well. Signed-off-by: Paul Mundt <lethal@linux-sh.org> -- mm/nommu.c | 3 +++ 1 file changed, 3 insertions(+) Signed-off-by: James Morris <jmorris@namei.org>
* NOMMU: Don't check vm_region::vm_start is page aligned in add_nommu_region()David Howells2009-05-071-2/+0
| | | | | | | | | | Don't check vm_region::vm_start is page aligned in add_nommu_region() because the region may reflect some non-page-aligned mapped file, such as could be obtained from RomFS XIP. Signed-off-by: David Howells <dhowells@redhat.com> Acked-by: Greg Ungerer <gerg@uclinux.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
* nommu: make the initial mmap allocation excess behaviour Kconfig configurableDavid Howells2009-05-061-1/+1
| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | NOMMU mmap() has an option controlled by a sysctl variable that determines whether the allocations made by do_mmap_private() should have the excess space trimmed off and returned to the allocator. Make the initial setting of this variable a Kconfig configuration option. The reason there can be excess space is that the allocator only allocates in power-of-2 size chunks, but mmap()'s can be made in sizes that aren't a power of 2. There are two alternatives: (1) Keep the excess as dead space. The dead space then remains unused for the lifetime of the mapping. Mappings of shared objects such as libc, ld.so or busybox's text segment may retain their dead space forever. (2) Return the excess to the allocator. This means that the dead space is limited to less than a page per mapping, but it means that for a transient process, there's more chance of fragmentation as the excess space may be reused fairly quickly. During the boot process, a lot of transient processes are created, and this can cause a lot of fragmentation as the pagecache and various slabs grow greatly during this time. By turning off the trimming of excess space during boot and disabling batching of frees, Coldfire can manage to boot. A better way of doing things might be to have /sbin/init turn this option off. By that point libc, ld.so and init - which are all long-duration processes - have all been loaded and trimmed. Reported-by: Lanttor Guo <lanttor.guo@freescale.com> Signed-off-by: David Howells <dhowells@redhat.com> Tested-by: Lanttor Guo <lanttor.guo@freescale.com> Cc: Greg Ungerer <gerg@snapgear.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
* mm: fix Committed_AS underflow on large NR_CPUS environmentKOSAKI Motohiro2009-05-021-6/+7
| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | The Committed_AS field can underflow in certain situations: > # while true; do cat /proc/meminfo | grep _AS; sleep 1; done | uniq -c > 1 Committed_AS: 18446744073709323392 kB > 11 Committed_AS: 18446744073709455488 kB > 6 Committed_AS: 35136 kB > 5 Committed_AS: 18446744073709454400 kB > 7 Committed_AS: 35904 kB > 3 Committed_AS: 18446744073709453248 kB > 2 Committed_AS: 34752 kB > 9 Committed_AS: 18446744073709453248 kB > 8 Committed_AS: 34752 kB > 3 Committed_AS: 18446744073709320960 kB > 7 Committed_AS: 18446744073709454080 kB > 3 Committed_AS: 18446744073709320960 kB > 5 Committed_AS: 18446744073709454080 kB > 6 Committed_AS: 18446744073709320960 kB Because NR_CPUS can be greater than 1000 and meminfo_proc_show() does not check for underflow. But NR_CPUS proportional isn't good calculation. In general, possibility of lock contention is proportional to the number of online cpus, not theorical maximum cpus (NR_CPUS). The current kernel has generic percpu-counter stuff. using it is right way. it makes code simplify and percpu_counter_read_positive() don't make underflow issue. Reported-by: Dave Hansen <dave@linux.vnet.ibm.com> Signed-off-by: KOSAKI Motohiro <kosaki.motohiro@jp.fujitsu.com> Cc: Eric B Munson <ebmunson@us.ibm.com> Cc: Mel Gorman <mel@csn.ul.ie> Cc: Christoph Lameter <cl@linux-foundation.org> Cc: <stable@kernel.org> [All kernel versions] Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
* nommu: fix a number of issues with the per-MM VMA patchDavid Howells2009-04-021-27/+25
| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | Fix a number of issues with the per-MM VMA patch: (1) Make mmap_pages_allocated an atomic_long_t, just in case this is used on a NOMMU system with more than 2G pages. Makes no difference on a 32-bit system. (2) Report vma->vm_pgoff * PAGE_SIZE as a 64-bit value, not a 32-bit value, lest it overflow. (3) Move the allocation of the vm_area_struct slab back for fork.c. (4) Use KMEM_CACHE() for both vm_area_struct and vm_region slabs. (5) Use BUG_ON() rather than if () BUG(). (6) Make the default validate_nommu_regions() a static inline rather than a #define. (7) Make free_page_series()'s objection to pages with a refcount != 1 more informative. (8) Adjust the __put_nommu_region() banner comment to indicate that the semaphore must be held for writing. (9) Limit the number of warnings about munmaps of non-mmapped regions. Reported-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: David Howells <dhowells@redhat.com> Cc: Greg Ungerer <gerg@snapgear.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
* uclinux: add process name to allocation error messageGreg Ungerer2009-01-271-2/+2
| | | | | | | | | This patch adds the name of the process to the bad allocation error message on non-MMU systems. Changed suggested by jsujjavanich@syntech-fuelmaster.com Signed-off-by: Greg Ungerer <gerg@uclinux.org>
* nommu: Stub in vm_map_ram()/vm_unmap_ram()/vm_unmap_aliases().Paul Mundt2009-01-211-1/+19
| | | | | | | | Presently we do not support these interfaces, so make them BUG() wrappers as per the rest of the vmap interface on nommu. Fixes up the modular xfs build. Signed-off-by: Paul Mundt <lethal@linux-sh.org>
* [CVE-2009-0029] System call wrappers part 13Heiko Carstens2009-01-141-6/+5
| | | | Signed-off-by: Heiko Carstens <heiko.carstens@de.ibm.com>
* [CVE-2009-0029] Convert all system calls to return a longHeiko Carstens2009-01-141-1/+1
| | | | | | | | | Convert all system calls to return a long. This should be a NOP since all converted types should have the same size anyway. With the exception of sys_exit_group which returned void. But that doesn't matter since the system call doesn't return. Signed-off-by: Heiko Carstens <heiko.carstens@de.ibm.com>
* NOMMU: Teach kobjsize() about VMA regions.Paul Mundt2009-01-081-0/+14
| | | | | | | | | | | | | | Now that we no longer use compound pages for all large allocations, kobjsize() actively breaks things like binfmt_flat by always handing back PAGE_SIZE for mmap'ed regions. Fix this up by looking up the VMA region for non-compounds. Ideally binfmt_flat wants to get rid of kobjsize() completely, but this is an incremental step. Signed-off-by: Paul Mundt <lethal@linux-sh.org> Signed-off-by: David Howells <dhowells@redhat.com> Tested-by: Mike Frysinger <vapier.adi@gmail.com>
* NOMMU: Make mmap allocation page trimming behaviour configurable.Paul Mundt2009-01-081-23/+42
| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | NOMMU mmap allocates a piece of memory for an mmap that's rounded up in size to the nearest power-of-2 number of pages. Currently it then discards the excess pages back to the page allocator, making that memory available for use by other things. This can, however, cause greater amount of fragmentation. To counter this, a sysctl is added in order to fine-tune the trimming behaviour. The default behaviour remains to trim pages aggressively, while this can either be disabled completely or set to a higher page-granular watermark in order to have finer-grained control. vm region vm_top bits taken from an earlier patch by David Howells. Signed-off-by: Paul Mundt <lethal@linux-sh.org> Signed-off-by: David Howells <dhowells@redhat.com> Tested-by: Mike Frysinger <vapier.adi@gmail.com>
* NOMMU: Make VMAs per MM as for MMU-mode linuxDavid Howells2009-01-081-296/+664
| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | Make VMAs per mm_struct as for MMU-mode linux. This solves two problems: (1) In SYSV SHM where nattch for a segment does not reflect the number of shmat's (and forks) done. (2) In mmap() where the VMA's vm_mm is set to point to the parent mm by an exec'ing process when VM_EXECUTABLE is specified, regardless of the fact that a VMA might be shared and already have its vm_mm assigned to another process or a dead process. A new struct (vm_region) is introduced to track a mapped region and to remember the circumstances under which it may be shared and the vm_list_struct structure is discarded as it's no longer required. This patch makes the following additional changes: (1) Regions are now allocated with alloc_pages() rather than kmalloc() and with no recourse to __GFP_COMP, so the pages are not composite. Instead, each page has a reference on it held by the region. Anything else that is interested in such a page will have to get a reference on it to retain it. When the pages are released due to unmapping, each page is passed to put_page() and will be freed when the page usage count reaches zero. (2) Excess pages are trimmed after an allocation as the allocation must be made as a power-of-2 quantity of pages. (3) VMAs are added to the parent MM's R/B tree and mmap lists. As an MM may end up with overlapping VMAs within the tree, the VMA struct address is appended to the sort key. (4) Non-anonymous VMAs are now added to the backing inode's prio list. (5) Holes may be punched in anonymous VMAs with munmap(), releasing parts of the backing region. The VMA and region structs will be split if necessary. (6) sys_shmdt() only releases one attachment to a SYSV IPC shared memory segment instead of all the attachments at that addresss. Multiple shmat()'s return the same address under NOMMU-mode instead of different virtual addresses as under MMU-mode. (7) Core dumping for ELF-FDPIC requires fewer exceptions for NOMMU-mode. (8) /proc/maps is now the global list of mapped regions, and may list bits that aren't actually mapped anywhere. (9) /proc/meminfo gains a line (tagged "MmapCopy") that indicates the amount of RAM currently allocated by mmap to hold mappable regions that can't be mapped directly. These are copies of the backing device or file if not anonymous. These changes make NOMMU mode more similar to MMU mode. The downside is that NOMMU mode requires some extra memory to track things over NOMMU without this patch (VMAs are no longer shared, and there are now region structs). Signed-off-by: David Howells <dhowells@redhat.com> Tested-by: Mike Frysinger <vapier.adi@gmail.com> Acked-by: Paul Mundt <lethal@linux-sh.org>
* NOMMU: Delete askedalloc and realalloc variablesDavid Howells2009-01-081-27/+1
| | | | | | | | | Delete the askedalloc and realalloc variables as nothing actually uses the value calculated. Signed-off-by: David Howells <dhowells@redhat.com> Tested-by: Mike Frysinger <vapier.adi@gmail.com> Acked-by: Paul Mundt <lethal@linux-sh.org>
* inode->i_op is never NULLAl Viro2009-01-051-1/+1
| | | | | | | | | | We used to have rather schizophrenic set of checks for NULL ->i_op even though it had been eliminated years ago. You'd need to go out of your way to set it to NULL explicitly _and_ a bunch of code would die on such inodes anyway. After killing two remaining places that still did that bogosity, all that crap can go away. Signed-off-by: Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk>