path: root/mm/mremap.c
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* mm: remove pte_*map_nested()Peter Zijlstra2010-10-261-2/+2
| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | Since we no longer need to provide KM_type, the whole pte_*map_nested() API is now redundant, remove it. Signed-off-by: Peter Zijlstra <a.p.zijlstra@chello.nl> Acked-by: Chris Metcalf <cmetcalf@tilera.com> Cc: David Howells <dhowells@redhat.com> Cc: Hugh Dickins <hughd@google.com> Cc: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com> Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu> Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de> Cc: "H. Peter Anvin" <hpa@zytor.com> Cc: Steven Rostedt <rostedt@goodmis.org> Cc: Russell King <rmk@arm.linux.org.uk> Cc: Ralf Baechle <ralf@linux-mips.org> Cc: David Miller <davem@davemloft.net> Cc: Paul Mackerras <paulus@samba.org> Cc: Benjamin Herrenschmidt <benh@kernel.crashing.org> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
* include cleanup: Update gfp.h and slab.h includes to prepare for breaking ↵Tejun Heo2010-03-301-1/+0
| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | implicit slab.h inclusion from percpu.h percpu.h is included by sched.h and module.h and thus ends up being included when building most .c files. percpu.h includes slab.h which in turn includes gfp.h making everything defined by the two files universally available and complicating inclusion dependencies. percpu.h -> slab.h dependency is about to be removed. Prepare for this change by updating users of gfp and slab facilities include those headers directly instead of assuming availability. As this conversion needs to touch large number of source files, the following script is used as the basis of conversion. http://userweb.kernel.org/~tj/misc/slabh-sweep.py The script does the followings. * Scan files for gfp and slab usages and update includes such that only the necessary includes are there. ie. if only gfp is used, gfp.h, if slab is used, slab.h. * When the script inserts a new include, it looks at the include blocks and try to put the new include such that its order conforms to its surrounding. It's put in the include block which contains core kernel includes, in the same order that the rest are ordered - alphabetical, Christmas tree, rev-Xmas-tree or at the end if there doesn't seem to be any matching order. * If the script can't find a place to put a new include (mostly because the file doesn't have fitting include block), it prints out an error message indicating which .h file needs to be added to the file. The conversion was done in the following steps. 1. The initial automatic conversion of all .c files updated slightly over 4000 files, deleting around 700 includes and adding ~480 gfp.h and ~3000 slab.h inclusions. The script emitted errors for ~400 files. 2. Each error was manually checked. Some didn't need the inclusion, some needed manual addition while adding it to implementation .h or embedding .c file was more appropriate for others. This step added inclusions to around 150 files. 3. The script was run again and the output was compared to the edits from #2 to make sure no file was left behind. 4. Several build tests were done and a couple of problems were fixed. e.g. lib/decompress_*.c used malloc/free() wrappers around slab APIs requiring slab.h to be added manually. 5. The script was run on all .h files but without automatically editing them as sprinkling gfp.h and slab.h inclusions around .h files could easily lead to inclusion dependency hell. Most gfp.h inclusion directives were ignored as stuff from gfp.h was usually wildly available and often used in preprocessor macros. Each slab.h inclusion directive was examined and added manually as necessary. 6. percpu.h was updated not to include slab.h. 7. Build test were done on the following configurations and failures were fixed. CONFIG_GCOV_KERNEL was turned off for all tests (as my distributed build env didn't work with gcov compiles) and a few more options had to be turned off depending on archs to make things build (like ipr on powerpc/64 which failed due to missing writeq). * x86 and x86_64 UP and SMP allmodconfig and a custom test config. * powerpc and powerpc64 SMP allmodconfig * sparc and sparc64 SMP allmodconfig * ia64 SMP allmodconfig * s390 SMP allmodconfig * alpha SMP allmodconfig * um on x86_64 SMP allmodconfig 8. percpu.h modifications were reverted so that it could be applied as a separate patch and serve as bisection point. Given the fact that I had only a couple of failures from tests on step 6, I'm fairly confident about the coverage of this conversion patch. If there is a breakage, it's likely to be something in one of the arch headers which should be easily discoverable easily on most builds of the specific arch. Signed-off-by: Tejun Heo <tj@kernel.org> Guess-its-ok-by: Christoph Lameter <cl@linux-foundation.org> Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@redhat.com> Cc: Lee Schermerhorn <Lee.Schermerhorn@hp.com>
* mm: change anon_vma linking to fix multi-process server scalability issueRik van Riel2010-03-061-2/+5
| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | The old anon_vma code can lead to scalability issues with heavily forking workloads. Specifically, each anon_vma will be shared between the parent process and all its child processes. In a workload with 1000 child processes and a VMA with 1000 anonymous pages per process that get COWed, this leads to a system with a million anonymous pages in the same anon_vma, each of which is mapped in just one of the 1000 processes. However, the current rmap code needs to walk them all, leading to O(N) scanning complexity for each page. This can result in systems where one CPU is walking the page tables of 1000 processes in page_referenced_one, while all other CPUs are stuck on the anon_vma lock. This leads to catastrophic failure for a benchmark like AIM7, where the total number of processes can reach in the tens of thousands. Real workloads are still a factor 10 less process intensive than AIM7, but they are catching up. This patch changes the way anon_vmas and VMAs are linked, which allows us to associate multiple anon_vmas with a VMA. At fork time, each child process gets its own anon_vmas, in which its COWed pages will be instantiated. The parents' anon_vma is also linked to the VMA, because non-COWed pages could be present in any of the children. This reduces rmap scanning complexity to O(1) for the pages of the 1000 child processes, with O(N) complexity for at most 1/N pages in the system. This reduces the average scanning cost in heavily forking workloads from O(N) to 2. The only real complexity in this patch stems from the fact that linking a VMA to anon_vmas now involves memory allocations. This means vma_adjust can fail, if it needs to attach a VMA to anon_vma structures. This in turn means error handling needs to be added to the calling functions. A second source of complexity is that, because there can be multiple anon_vmas, the anon_vma linking in vma_adjust can no longer be done under "the" anon_vma lock. To prevent the rmap code from walking up an incomplete VMA, this patch introduces the VM_LOCK_RMAP VMA flag. This bit flag uses the same slot as the NOMMU VM_MAPPED_COPY, with an ifdef in mm.h to make sure it is impossible to compile a kernel that needs both symbolic values for the same bitflag. Some test results: Without the anon_vma changes, when AIM7 hits around 9.7k users (on a test box with 16GB RAM and not quite enough IO), the system ends up running >99% in system time, with every CPU on the same anon_vma lock in the pageout code. With these changes, AIM7 hits the cross-over point around 29.7k users. This happens with ~99% IO wait time, there never seems to be any spike in system time. The anon_vma lock contention appears to be resolved. [akpm@linux-foundation.org: cleanups] Signed-off-by: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com> Cc: KOSAKI Motohiro <kosaki.motohiro@jp.fujitsu.com> Cc: Larry Woodman <lwoodman@redhat.com> Cc: Lee Schermerhorn <Lee.Schermerhorn@hp.com> Cc: Minchan Kim <minchan.kim@gmail.com> Cc: Andrea Arcangeli <aarcange@redhat.com> Cc: Hugh Dickins <hugh.dickins@tiscali.co.uk> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
* mm: use rlimit helpersJiri Slaby2010-03-061-1/+1
| | | | | | | | | | | | | Make sure compiler won't do weird things with limits. E.g. fetching them twice may return 2 different values after writable limits are implemented. I.e. either use rlimit helpers added in 3e10e716abf3c71bdb5d86b8f507f9e72236c9cd ("resource: add helpers for fetching rlimits") or ACCESS_ONCE if not applicable. Signed-off-by: Jiri Slaby <jslaby@suse.cz> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
* Take arch_mmap_check() into get_unmapped_area()Al Viro2009-12-111-12/+3
| | | | | Acked-by: Hugh Dickins <hugh.dickins@tiscali.co.uk> Signed-off-by: Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk>
* fix pgoff in "have to relocate" case of mremap()Al Viro2009-12-111-1/+3
| | | | | Acked-by: Hugh Dickins <hugh.dickins@tiscali.co.uk> Signed-off-by: Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk>
* fix the arch checks in MREMAP_FIXED caseAl Viro2009-12-111-2/+17
| | | | | | Acked-by: Russell King <rmk+kernel@arm.linux.org.uk> Acked-by: Hugh Dickins <hugh.dickins@tiscali.co.uk> Signed-off-by: Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk>
* fix checks for expand-in-place mremapAl Viro2009-12-111-2/+11
| | | | | Acked-by: Russell King <rmk+kernel@arm.linux.org.uk> Signed-off-by: Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk>
* do_mremap() untangling, part 3Al Viro2009-12-111-4/+12
| | | | | | | | | Take the check for being able to expand vma in place into a separate helper. Acked-by: Russell King <rmk+kernel@arm.linux.org.uk> Acked-by: Hugh Dickins <hugh.dickins@tiscali.co.uk> Signed-off-by: Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk>
* do_mremap() untangling, part 2Al Viro2009-12-111-48/+72
| | | | | | | | | Take the MREMAP_FIXED into a separate helper, simplify the living hell out of conditions in both cases. Acked-by: Russell King <rmk+kernel@arm.linux.org.uk> Acked-by: Hugh Dickins <hugh.dickins@tiscali.co.uk> Signed-off-by: Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk>
* untangling do_mremap(), part 1Al Viro2009-12-111-33/+55
| | | | | | | | | | Take locating vma and checks on it to a separate helper (it will be shared between MREMAP_FIXED/non-MREMAP_FIXED cases when we split them in the next patch) Acked-by: Russell King <rmk+kernel@arm.linux.org.uk> Acked-by: Hugh Dickins <hugh.dickins@tiscali.co.uk> Signed-off-by: Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk>
* truncate: new helpersnpiggin@suse.de2009-09-241-2/+2
| | | | | | | | | | Introduce new truncate helpers truncate_pagecache and inode_newsize_ok. vmtruncate is also consolidated from mm/memory.c and mm/nommu.c and into mm/truncate.c. Reviewed-by: Christoph Hellwig <hch@lst.de> Signed-off-by: Nick Piggin <npiggin@suse.de> Signed-off-by: Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk>
* ksm: mremap use err from ksm_madviseHugh Dickins2009-09-221-3/+5
| | | | | | | | | | | | | mremap move's use of ksm_madvise() was assuming -ENOMEM on failure, because ksm_madvise used to say -EAGAIN for that; but ksm_madvise now says -ENOMEM (letting madvise convert that to -EAGAIN), and can also say -ERESTARTSYS when signalled: so pass the error from ksm_madvise. Signed-off-by: Hugh Dickins <hugh.dickins@tiscali.co.uk> Acked-by: Izik Eidus <ieidus@redhat.com> Cc: Andrea Arcangeli <aarcange@redhat.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
* ksm: prevent mremap move poisoningHugh Dickins2009-09-221-0/+12
| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | KSM's scan allows for user pages to be COWed or unmapped at any time, without requiring any notification. But its stable tree does assume that when it finds a KSM page where it placed a KSM page, then it is the same KSM page that it placed there. mremap move could break that assumption: if an area containing a KSM page was unmapped, then an area containing a different KSM page was moved with mremap into the place of the original, before KSM's scan came around to notice. That could then poison a node of the stable tree, so that memcmps would "lie" and upset the ordering of the tree. Probably noone will ever need mremap move on a VM_MERGEABLE area; except that prohibiting it would make trouble for schemes in which we try making everything VM_MERGEABLE e.g. for testing: an mremap which normally works would then fail mysteriously. There's no need to go to any trouble, such as re-sorting KSM's list of rmap_items to match the new layout: simply unmerge the area to COW all its KSM pages before moving, but leave VM_MERGEABLE on so that they're remerged later. Signed-off-by: Hugh Dickins <hugh.dickins@tiscali.co.uk> Signed-off-by: Chris Wright <chrisw@redhat.com> Signed-off-by: Izik Eidus <ieidus@redhat.com> Cc: Andrea Arcangeli <aarcange@redhat.com> Cc: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com> Cc: Wu Fengguang <fengguang.wu@intel.com> Cc: Balbir Singh <balbir@in.ibm.com> Cc: Hugh Dickins <hugh.dickins@tiscali.co.uk> Cc: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com> Cc: Lee Schermerhorn <lee.schermerhorn@hp.com> Cc: Avi Kivity <avi@redhat.com> Cc: Nick Piggin <nickpiggin@yahoo.com.au> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
* [CVE-2009-0029] System call wrappers part 13Heiko Carstens2009-01-141-3/+3
| | | | Signed-off-by: Heiko Carstens <heiko.carstens@de.ibm.com>
* [CVE-2009-0029] Convert all system calls to return a longHeiko Carstens2009-01-141-1/+1
| | | | | | | | | Convert all system calls to return a long. This should be a NOP since all converted types should have the same size anyway. With the exception of sys_exit_group which returned void. But that doesn't matter since the system call doesn't return. Signed-off-by: Heiko Carstens <heiko.carstens@de.ibm.com>
* mm: update my addressAlan Cox2009-01-051-1/+1
| | | | | Signed-off-by: Alan Cox <alan@redhat.com> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
* mmap: handle mlocked pages during map, remap, unmapRik van Riel2008-10-201-3/+5
| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | Originally by Nick Piggin <npiggin@suse.de> Remove mlocked pages from the LRU using "unevictable infrastructure" during mmap(), munmap(), mremap() and truncate(). Try to move back to normal LRU lists on munmap() when last mlocked mapping removed. Remove PageMlocked() status when page truncated from file. [akpm@linux-foundation.org: cleanup] [kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com: fix double unlock_page()] [kosaki.motohiro@jp.fujitsu.com: split LRU: munlock rework] [lee.schermerhorn@hp.com: mlock: fix __mlock_vma_pages_range comment block] [akpm@linux-foundation.org: remove bogus kerneldoc token] Signed-off-by: Nick Piggin <npiggin@suse.de> Signed-off-by: Lee Schermerhorn <lee.schermerhorn@hp.com> Signed-off-by: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com> Signed-off-by: KOSAKI Motohiro <kosaki.motohiro@jp.fujitsu.com> Signed-off-by: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamewzawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
* mmu-notifiers: coreAndrea Arcangeli2008-07-281-0/+6
| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | With KVM/GFP/XPMEM there isn't just the primary CPU MMU pointing to pages. There are secondary MMUs (with secondary sptes and secondary tlbs) too. sptes in the kvm case are shadow pagetables, but when I say spte in mmu-notifier context, I mean "secondary pte". In GRU case there's no actual secondary pte and there's only a secondary tlb because the GRU secondary MMU has no knowledge about sptes and every secondary tlb miss event in the MMU always generates a page fault that has to be resolved by the CPU (this is not the case of KVM where the a secondary tlb miss will walk sptes in hardware and it will refill the secondary tlb transparently to software if the corresponding spte is present). The same way zap_page_range has to invalidate the pte before freeing the page, the spte (and secondary tlb) must also be invalidated before any page is freed and reused. Currently we take a page_count pin on every page mapped by sptes, but that means the pages can't be swapped whenever they're mapped by any spte because they're part of the guest working set. Furthermore a spte unmap event can immediately lead to a page to be freed when the pin is released (so requiring the same complex and relatively slow tlb_gather smp safe logic we have in zap_page_range and that can be avoided completely if the spte unmap event doesn't require an unpin of the page previously mapped in the secondary MMU). The mmu notifiers allow kvm/GRU/XPMEM to attach to the tsk->mm and know when the VM is swapping or freeing or doing anything on the primary MMU so that the secondary MMU code can drop sptes before the pages are freed, avoiding all page pinning and allowing 100% reliable swapping of guest physical address space. Furthermore it avoids the code that teardown the mappings of the secondary MMU, to implement a logic like tlb_gather in zap_page_range that would require many IPI to flush other cpu tlbs, for each fixed number of spte unmapped. To make an example: if what happens on the primary MMU is a protection downgrade (from writeable to wrprotect) the secondary MMU mappings will be invalidated, and the next secondary-mmu-page-fault will call get_user_pages and trigger a do_wp_page through get_user_pages if it called get_user_pages with write=1, and it'll re-establishing an updated spte or secondary-tlb-mapping on the copied page. Or it will setup a readonly spte or readonly tlb mapping if it's a guest-read, if it calls get_user_pages with write=0. This is just an example. This allows to map any page pointed by any pte (and in turn visible in the primary CPU MMU), into a secondary MMU (be it a pure tlb like GRU, or an full MMU with both sptes and secondary-tlb like the shadow-pagetable layer with kvm), or a remote DMA in software like XPMEM (hence needing of schedule in XPMEM code to send the invalidate to the remote node, while no need to schedule in kvm/gru as it's an immediate event like invalidating primary-mmu pte). At least for KVM without this patch it's impossible to swap guests reliably. And having this feature and removing the page pin allows several other optimizations that simplify life considerably. Dependencies: 1) mm_take_all_locks() to register the mmu notifier when the whole VM isn't doing anything with "mm". This allows mmu notifier users to keep track if the VM is in the middle of the invalidate_range_begin/end critical section with an atomic counter incraese in range_begin and decreased in range_end. No secondary MMU page fault is allowed to map any spte or secondary tlb reference, while the VM is in the middle of range_begin/end as any page returned by get_user_pages in that critical section could later immediately be freed without any further ->invalidate_page notification (invalidate_range_begin/end works on ranges and ->invalidate_page isn't called immediately before freeing the page). To stop all page freeing and pagetable overwrites the mmap_sem must be taken in write mode and all other anon_vma/i_mmap locks must be taken too. 2) It'd be a waste to add branches in the VM if nobody could possibly run KVM/GRU/XPMEM on the kernel, so mmu notifiers will only enabled if CONFIG_KVM=m/y. In the current kernel kvm won't yet take advantage of mmu notifiers, but this already allows to compile a KVM external module against a kernel with mmu notifiers enabled and from the next pull from kvm.git we'll start using them. And GRU/XPMEM will also be able to continue the development by enabling KVM=m in their config, until they submit all GRU/XPMEM GPLv2 code to the mainline kernel. Then they can also enable MMU_NOTIFIERS in the same way KVM does it (even if KVM=n). This guarantees nobody selects MMU_NOTIFIER=y if KVM and GRU and XPMEM are all =n. The mmu_notifier_register call can fail because mm_take_all_locks may be interrupted by a signal and return -EINTR. Because mmu_notifier_reigster is used when a driver startup, a failure can be gracefully handled. Here an example of the change applied to kvm to register the mmu notifiers. Usually when a driver startups other allocations are required anyway and -ENOMEM failure paths exists already. struct kvm *kvm_arch_create_vm(void) { struct kvm *kvm = kzalloc(sizeof(struct kvm), GFP_KERNEL); + int err; if (!kvm) return ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM); INIT_LIST_HEAD(&kvm->arch.active_mmu_pages); + kvm->arch.mmu_notifier.ops = &kvm_mmu_notifier_ops; + err = mmu_notifier_register(&kvm->arch.mmu_notifier, current->mm); + if (err) { + kfree(kvm); + return ERR_PTR(err); + } + return kvm; } mmu_notifier_unregister returns void and it's reliable. The patch also adds a few needed but missing includes that would prevent kernel to compile after these changes on non-x86 archs (x86 didn't need them by luck). [akpm@linux-foundation.org: coding-style fixes] [akpm@linux-foundation.org: fix mm/filemap_xip.c build] [akpm@linux-foundation.org: fix mm/mmu_notifier.c build] Signed-off-by: Andrea Arcangeli <andrea@qumranet.com> Signed-off-by: Nick Piggin <npiggin@suse.de> Signed-off-by: Christoph Lameter <cl@linux-foundation.org> Cc: Jack Steiner <steiner@sgi.com> Cc: Robin Holt <holt@sgi.com> Cc: Nick Piggin <npiggin@suse.de> Cc: Peter Zijlstra <a.p.zijlstra@chello.nl> Cc: Kanoj Sarcar <kanojsarcar@yahoo.com> Cc: Roland Dreier <rdreier@cisco.com> Cc: Steve Wise <swise@opengridcomputing.com> Cc: Avi Kivity <avi@qumranet.com> Cc: Hugh Dickins <hugh@veritas.com> Cc: Rusty Russell <rusty@rustcorp.com.au> Cc: Anthony Liguori <aliguori@us.ibm.com> Cc: Chris Wright <chrisw@redhat.com> Cc: Marcelo Tosatti <marcelo@kvack.org> Cc: Eric Dumazet <dada1@cosmosbay.com> Cc: "Paul E. McKenney" <paulmck@us.ibm.com> Cc: Izik Eidus <izike@qumranet.com> Cc: Anthony Liguori <aliguori@us.ibm.com> Cc: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
* sparse pointer use of zero as nullStephen Hemminger2007-10-181-2/+2
| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | Get rid of sparse related warnings from places that use integer as NULL pointer. [akpm@linux-foundation.org: coding-style fixes] Signed-off-by: Stephen Hemminger <shemminger@linux-foundation.org> Cc: Andi Kleen <ak@suse.de> Cc: Jeff Garzik <jeff@garzik.org> Cc: Matt Mackall <mpm@selenic.com> Cc: Ian Kent <raven@themaw.net> Cc: Arnd Bergmann <arnd@arndb.de> Cc: Davide Libenzi <davidel@xmailserver.org> Cc: Stephen Smalley <sds@tycho.nsa.gov> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
* mm: variable length argument supportOllie Wild2007-07-191-1/+1
| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | Remove the arg+env limit of MAX_ARG_PAGES by copying the strings directly from the old mm into the new mm. We create the new mm before the binfmt code runs, and place the new stack at the very top of the address space. Once the binfmt code runs and figures out where the stack should be, we move it downwards. It is a bit peculiar in that we have one task with two mm's, one of which is inactive. [a.p.zijlstra@chello.nl: limit stack size] Signed-off-by: Ollie Wild <aaw@google.com> Signed-off-by: Peter Zijlstra <a.p.zijlstra@chello.nl> Cc: <linux-arch@vger.kernel.org> Cc: Hugh Dickins <hugh@veritas.com> [bunk@stusta.de: unexport bprm_mm_init] Signed-off-by: Adrian Bunk <bunk@stusta.de> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
* security: Protection for exploiting null dereference using mmapEric Paris2007-07-111-2/+11
| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | Add a new security check on mmap operations to see if the user is attempting to mmap to low area of the address space. The amount of space protected is indicated by the new proc tunable /proc/sys/vm/mmap_min_addr and defaults to 0, preserving existing behavior. This patch uses a new SELinux security class "memprotect." Policy already contains a number of allow rules like a_t self:process * (unconfined_t being one of them) which mean that putting this check in the process class (its best current fit) would make it useless as all user processes, which we also want to protect against, would be allowed. By taking the memprotect name of the new class it will also make it possible for us to move some of the other memory protect permissions out of 'process' and into the new class next time we bump the policy version number (which I also think is a good future idea) Acked-by: Stephen Smalley <sds@tycho.nsa.gov> Acked-by: Chris Wright <chrisw@sous-sol.org> Signed-off-by: Eric Paris <eparis@redhat.com> Signed-off-by: James Morris <jmorris@namei.org>
* [PATCH] mm: mremap correct rmap accountingHugh Dickins2007-01-301-1/+0
| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | Nick Piggin points out that page accounting on MIPS multiple ZERO_PAGEs is not maintained by its move_pte, and could lead to freeing a ZERO_PAGE. Instead of complicating that move_pte, just forget the minor optimization when mremapping, and change the one thing which needed it for correctness - filemap_xip use ZERO_PAGE(0) throughout instead of according to address. [ "There is no block device driver one could use for XIP on mips platforms" - Carsten Otte ] Signed-off-by: Hugh Dickins <hugh@veritas.com> Cc: Nick Piggin <nickpiggin@yahoo.com.au> Cc: Andrew Morton <akpm@osdl.org> Cc: Ralf Baechle <ralf@linux-mips.org> Cc: Carsten Otte <cotte@de.ibm.com> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
* [PATCH] paravirt: lazy mmu mode hooks.patchZachary Amsden2006-10-011-0/+2
| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | Implement lazy MMU update hooks which are SMP safe for both direct and shadow page tables. The idea is that PTE updates and page invalidations while in lazy mode can be batched into a single hypercall. We use this in VMI for shadow page table synchronization, and it is a win. It also can be used by PPC and for direct page tables on Xen. For SMP, the enter / leave must happen under protection of the page table locks for page tables which are being modified. This is because otherwise, you end up with stale state in the batched hypercall, which other CPUs can race ahead of. Doing this under the protection of the locks guarantees the synchronization is correct, and also means that spurious faults which are generated during this window by remote CPUs are properly handled, as the page fault handler must re-check the PTE under protection of the same lock. Signed-off-by: Zachary Amsden <zach@vmware.com> Signed-off-by: Jeremy Fitzhardinge <jeremy@xensource.com> Cc: Rusty Russell <rusty@rustcorp.com.au> Cc: Andi Kleen <ak@suse.de> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@osdl.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@osdl.org>
* [PATCH] lockdep: annotate mmIngo Molnar2006-07-031-1/+1
| | | | | | | | | | Teach special (recursive) locking code to the lock validator. Has no effect on non-lockdep kernels. Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu> Signed-off-by: Arjan van de Ven <arjan@linux.intel.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@osdl.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@osdl.org>
* [PATCH] move capable() to capability.hRandy.Dunlap2006-01-111-0/+1
| | | | | | | | | | | | | - Move capable() from sched.h to capability.h; - Use <linux/capability.h> where capable() is used (in include/, block/, ipc/, kernel/, a few drivers/, mm/, security/, & sound/; many more drivers/ to go) Signed-off-by: Randy Dunlap <rdunlap@xenotime.net> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@osdl.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@osdl.org>
* Make sure we copy pages inserted with "vm_insert_page()" on forkLinus Torvalds2005-12-161-1/+1
| | | | | | | | | | | | The logic that decides that a fork() might be able to avoid copying a VM area when it can be re-created by page faults didn't know about the new vm_insert_page() case. Also make some things a bit more anal wrt VM_PFNMAP. Pointed out by Hugh Dickins <hugh@veritas.com> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@osdl.org>
* [PATCH] mm: split page table lockHugh Dickins2005-10-291-1/+10
| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | Christoph Lameter demonstrated very poor scalability on the SGI 512-way, with a many-threaded application which concurrently initializes different parts of a large anonymous area. This patch corrects that, by using a separate spinlock per page table page, to guard the page table entries in that page, instead of using the mm's single page_table_lock. (But even then, page_table_lock is still used to guard page table allocation, and anon_vma allocation.) In this implementation, the spinlock is tucked inside the struct page of the page table page: with a BUILD_BUG_ON in case it overflows - which it would in the case of 32-bit PA-RISC with spinlock debugging enabled. Splitting the lock is not quite for free: another cacheline access. Ideally, I suppose we would use split ptlock only for multi-threaded processes on multi-cpu machines; but deciding that dynamically would have its own costs. So for now enable it by config, at some number of cpus - since the Kconfig language doesn't support inequalities, let preprocessor compare that with NR_CPUS. But I don't think it's worth being user-configurable: for good testing of both split and unsplit configs, split now at 4 cpus, and perhaps change that to 8 later. There is a benefit even for singly threaded processes: kswapd can be attacking one part of the mm while another part is busy faulting. Signed-off-by: Hugh Dickins <hugh@veritas.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@osdl.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@osdl.org>
* [PATCH] mm: ptd_alloc take ptlockHugh Dickins2005-10-291-18/+9
| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | Second step in pushing down the page_table_lock. Remove the temporary bridging hack from __pud_alloc, __pmd_alloc, __pte_alloc: expect callers not to hold page_table_lock, whether it's on init_mm or a user mm; take page_table_lock internally to check if a racing task already allocated. Convert their callers from common code. But avoid coming back to change them again later: instead of moving the spin_lock(&mm->page_table_lock) down, switch over to new macros pte_alloc_map_lock and pte_unmap_unlock, which encapsulate the mapping+locking and unlocking+unmapping together, and in the end may use alternatives to the mm page_table_lock itself. These callers all hold mmap_sem (some exclusively, some not), so at no level can a page table be whipped away from beneath them; and pte_alloc uses the "atomic" pmd_present to test whether it needs to allocate. It appears that on all arches we can safely descend without page_table_lock. Signed-off-by: Hugh Dickins <hugh@veritas.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@osdl.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@osdl.org>
* [PATCH] mm: ptd_alloc inline and outHugh Dickins2005-10-291-6/+1
| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | It seems odd to me that, whereas pud_alloc and pmd_alloc test inline, only calling out-of-line __pud_alloc __pmd_alloc if allocation needed, pte_alloc_map and pte_alloc_kernel are entirely out-of-line. Though it does add a little to kernel size, change them to macros testing inline, calling __pte_alloc or __pte_alloc_kernel to allocate out-of-line. Mark none of them as fastcalls, leave that to CONFIG_REGPARM or not. It also seems more natural for the out-of-line functions to leave the offset calculation and map to the inline, which has to do it anyway for the common case. At least mremap move wants __pte_alloc without _map. Macros rather than inline functions, certainly to avoid the header file issues which arise from CONFIG_HIGHPTE needing kmap_types.h, but also in case any architectures I haven't built would have other such problems. Signed-off-by: Hugh Dickins <hugh@veritas.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@osdl.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@osdl.org>
* [PATCH] mm: update_hiwaters just in timeHugh Dickins2005-10-291-2/+10
| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | update_mem_hiwater has attracted various criticisms, in particular from those concerned with mm scalability. Originally it was called whenever rss or total_vm got raised. Then many of those callsites were replaced by a timer tick call from account_system_time. Now Frank van Maarseveen reports that to be found inadequate. How about this? Works for Frank. Replace update_mem_hiwater, a poor combination of two unrelated ops, by macros update_hiwater_rss and update_hiwater_vm. Don't attempt to keep mm->hiwater_rss up to date at timer tick, nor every time we raise rss (usually by 1): those are hot paths. Do the opposite, update only when about to lower rss (usually by many), or just before final accounting in do_exit. Handle mm->hiwater_vm in the same way, though it's much less of an issue. Demand that whoever collects these hiwater statistics do the work of taking the maximum with rss or total_vm. And there has been no collector of these hiwater statistics in the tree. The new convention needs an example, so match Frank's usage by adding a VmPeak line above VmSize to /proc/<pid>/status, and also a VmHWM line above VmRSS (High-Water-Mark or High-Water-Memory). There was a particular anomaly during mremap move, that hiwater_vm might be captured too high. A fleeting such anomaly remains, but it's quickly corrected now, whereas before it would stick. What locking? None: if the app is racy then these statistics will be racy, it's not worth any overhead to make them exact. But whenever it suits, hiwater_vm is updated under exclusive mmap_sem, and hiwater_rss under page_table_lock (for now) or with preemption disabled (later on): without going to any trouble, minimize the time between reading current values and updating, to minimize those occasions when a racing thread bumps a count up and back down in between. Signed-off-by: Hugh Dickins <hugh@veritas.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@osdl.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@osdl.org>
* [PATCH] mm: do_mremap current mmHugh Dickins2005-10-291-9/+9
| | | | | | | | Cleanup: relieve do_mremap from its surfeit of current->mms. Signed-off-by: Hugh Dickins <hugh@veritas.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@osdl.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@osdl.org>
* [PATCH] mm: move_page_tables by extentsHugh Dickins2005-10-291-96/+72
| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | Speeding up mremap's moving of ptes has never been a priority, but the locking will get more complicated shortly, and is already too baroque. Scrap the current one-by-one moving, do an extent at a time: curtailed by end of src and dst pmds (have to use PMD_SIZE: the way pmd_addr_end gets elided doesn't match this usage), and by latency considerations. One nice property of the old method is lost: it never allocated a page table unless absolutely necessary, so you could free empty page tables by mremapping to and fro. Whereas this way, it allocates a dst table wherever there was a src table. I keep diving in to reinstate the old behaviour, then come out preferring not to clutter how it now is. Signed-off-by: Hugh Dickins <hugh@veritas.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@osdl.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@osdl.org>
* [PATCH] mm: vm_stat_account unshackledHugh Dickins2005-10-291-2/+2
| | | | | | | | | | The original vm_stat_account has fallen into disuse, with only one user, and only one user of vm_stat_unaccount. It's easier to keep track if we convert them all to __vm_stat_account, then free it from its __shackles. Signed-off-by: Hugh Dickins <hugh@veritas.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@osdl.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@osdl.org>
* [PATCH] mm: move_pte to remap ZERO_PAGENick Piggin2005-09-281-3/+3
| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | Move the ZERO_PAGE remapping complexity to the move_pte macro in asm-generic, have it conditionally depend on __HAVE_ARCH_MULTIPLE_ZERO_PAGE, which gets defined for MIPS. For architectures without __HAVE_ARCH_MULTIPLE_ZERO_PAGE, move_pte becomes a noop. From: Hugh Dickins <hugh@veritas.com> Fix nasty little bug we've missed in Nick's mremap move ZERO_PAGE patch. The "pte" at that point may be a swap entry or a pte_file entry: we must check pte_present before perhaps corrupting such an entry. Patch below against 2.6.14-rc2-mm1, but the same bug is in 2.6.14-rc2's mm/mremap.c, and more dangerous there since it's affecting all arches: I think the safest course is to send Nick's patch and Yoichi's build fix and this fix (build tested) on to Linus - so only MIPS can be affected. Signed-off-by: Nick Piggin <npiggin@suse.de> Signed-off-by: Hugh Dickins <hugh@veritas.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@osdl.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@osdl.org>
* [PATCH] mm: remap ZERO_PAGE mappingsNick Piggin2005-09-051-0/+4
| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | filemap_xip's nopage routine maps the ZERO_PAGE into readonly mappings, if it has no data page to map there: then if the hole in the file is later filled, __xip_unmap uses an rmap technique to replace the ZERO_PAGEs mapped for that offset by the newly allocated file page, so that established mappings will see the newly written data. However, on MIPS (alone) there's not one but as many as eight ZERO_PAGEs, chosen for coloring by user virtual address; and if mremap has meanwhile been used to move a mapping containing a ZERO_PAGE, it will generally not match the ZERO_PAGE(address) __xip_unmap is looking for. To maintain XIP's established mappings correctly on MIPS, we need Nick's fix to mremap's move_one_page (originally presented as an optimization), to replace the ZERO_PAGE appropriate to the old address by the ZERO_PAGE appropriate to the new address. (But when I first saw this, I was thinking the ZERO_PAGEs themselves would get corrupted, very bad. Now I think it's the other way round, that the established mappings will fail to see the newly written data: incorrect, but not corrupting everything else. Whether filemap_xip's technique is generally safe, I'd hesitate to say in a hurry: it's interesting, but we've never tried to do that in tmpfs.) Signed-off-by: Hugh Dickins <hugh@veritas.com> Signed-off-by: Nick Piggin <npiggin@suse.de> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@osdl.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@osdl.org>
* [PATCH] fix VmSize and VmData after mremapHugh Dickins2005-08-041-1/+1
| | | | | | | | | | | | | | mremap's move_vma is applying __vm_stat_account to the old vma which may have already been freed: move it to just before the do_munmap. mremapping to and fro with CONFIG_DEBUG_SLAB=y showed /proc/<pid>/status VmSize and VmData wrapping just like in kernel bugzilla #4842, and fixed by this patch - worth including in 2.6.13, though not yet confirmed that it fixes that specific report from Frank van Maarseveen. Signed-off-by: Hugh Dickins <hugh@veritas.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@osdl.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@osdl.org>
* [PATCH] mm acct accounting fixKirill Korotaev2005-05-171-1/+6
| | | | | | | | | This patch fixes mm->total_vm and mm->locked_vm acctounting in case when move_page_tables() fails inside move_vma(). Signed-Off-By: Kirill Korotaev <dev@sw.ru> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@osdl.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@osdl.org>
* [PATCH] RLIMIT_AS checking fixakpm@osdl.org2005-05-011-3/+3
| | | | | | | | | | | | Address bug #4508: there's potential for wraparound in the various places where we perform RLIMIT_AS checking. (I'm a bit worried about acct_stack_growth(). Are we sure that vma->vm_mm is always equal to current->mm? If not, then we're comparing some other process's total_vm with the calling process's rlimits). Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@osdl.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@osdl.org>
* Linux-2.6.12-rc2v2.6.12-rc2Linus Torvalds2005-04-161-0/+426
Initial git repository build. I'm not bothering with the full history, even though we have it. We can create a separate "historical" git archive of that later if we want to, and in the meantime it's about 3.2GB when imported into git - space that would just make the early git days unnecessarily complicated, when we don't have a lot of good infrastructure for it. Let it rip!