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* trivial comment wording/typo fix regarding taint flagsDaniel Roesen2007-10-201-1/+1
| | | | | Signed-off-by: Daniel Roesen <dr@cluenet.de> Signed-off-by: Adrian Bunk <bunk@kernel.org>
* whitespace fixes: panic handlingDaniel Walker2007-10-181-5/+5
| | | | | | Signed-off-by: Daniel Walker <dwalker@mvista.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
* Report that kernel is tainted if there was an OOPSPavel Emelianov2007-07-171-2/+3
| | | | | | | | | | | | | | If the kernel OOPSed or BUGed then it probably should be considered as tainted. Thus, all subsequent OOPSes and SysRq dumps will report the tainted kernel. This saves a lot of time explaining oddities in the calltraces. Signed-off-by: Pavel Emelianov <xemul@openvz.org> Acked-by: Randy Dunlap <randy.dunlap@oracle.com> Cc: <linux-arch@vger.kernel.org> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> [ Added parisc patch from Matthew Wilson -Linus ] Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
* [PATCH] Add TAINT_USER and ability to set taint flags from userspaceTheodore Ts'o2007-02-111-2/+4
| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | Allow taint flags to be set from userspace by writing to /proc/sys/kernel/tainted, and add a new taint flag, TAINT_USER, to be used when userspace has potentially done something dangerous that might compromise the kernel. This will allow support personnel to ask further questions about what may have caused the user taint flag to have been set. For example, they might examine the logs of the realtime JVM to see if the Java program has used the really silly, stupid, dangerous, and completely-non-portable direct access to physical memory feature which MUST be implemented according to the Real-Time Specification for Java (RTSJ). Sigh. What were those silly people at Sun thinking? [akpm@osdl.org: build fix] [bunk@stusta.de: cleanup] Signed-off-by: "Theodore Ts'o" <tytso@mit.edu> Signed-off-by: Adrian Bunk <bunk@stusta.de> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
* [PATCH] x86: Clean up x86 NMI sysctlsAndi Kleen2006-09-301-1/+0
| | | | | | | | | Use prototypes in headers Don't define panic_on_unrecovered_nmi for all architectures Cc: dzickus@redhat.com Signed-off-by: Andi Kleen <ak@suse.de>
* [PATCH] Add the __stack_chk_fail() functionArjan van de Ven2006-09-261-0/+12
| | | | | | | | | | | | | GCC emits a call to a __stack_chk_fail() function when the stack canary is not matching the expected value. Since this is a bad security issue; lets panic the kernel rather than limping along; the kernel really can't be trusted anymore when this happens. Signed-off-by: Arjan van de Ven <arjan@linux.intel.com> Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu> Signed-off-by: Andi Kleen <ak@suse.de> CC: Andi Kleen <ak@suse.de>
* [PATCH] x86: Allow users to force a panic on NMIDon Zickus2006-09-261-0/+1
| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | To quote Alan Cox: The default Linux behaviour on an NMI of either memory or unknown is to continue operation. For many environments such as scientific computing it is preferable that the box is taken out and the error dealt with than an uncorrected parity/ECC error get propogated. A small number of systems do generate NMI's for bizarre random reasons such as power management so the default is unchanged. In other respects the new proc/sys entry works like the existing panic controls already in that directory. This is separate to the edac support - EDAC allows supported chipsets to handle ECC errors well, this change allows unsupported cases to at least panic rather than cause problems further down the line. Signed-off-by: Don Zickus <dzickus@redhat.com> Signed-off-by: Andi Kleen <ak@suse.de>
* [PATCH] lockdep: do not touch console state when tainting the kernelIngo Molnar2006-09-061-1/+1
| | | | | | | | Remove an unintended console_verbose() side-effect from add_taint(). Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@osdl.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@osdl.org>
* [PATCH] panic.c build fixAndrew Morton2006-08-141-0/+1
| | | | | | | | | kernel/panic.c: In function 'add_taint': kernel/panic.c:176: warning: implicit declaration of function 'debug_locks_off' Cc: Andi Kleen <ak@muc.de> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@osdl.org> Signed-off-by: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@suse.de>
* [PATCH] lockdep: disable lock debugging when kernel state becomes untrustedArjan van de Ven2006-07-101-0/+2
| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | Disable lockdep debugging in two situations where the integrity of the kernel no longer is guaranteed: when oopsing and when hitting a tainting-condition. The goal is to not get weird lockdep traces that don't make sense or are otherwise undebuggable, to not waste time. Lockdep assumes that the previous state it knows about is valid to operate, which is why lockdep turns itself off after the first violation it reports, after that point it can no longer make that assumption. A kernel oops means that the integrity of the kernel compromised; in addition anything lockdep would report is of lesser importance than the oops. All the tainting conditions are of similar integrity-violating nature and also make debugging/diagnosing more difficult. Signed-off-by: Arjan van de Ven <arjan@linux.intel.com> Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@osdl.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@osdl.org>
* Remove obsolete #include <linux/config.h>Jörn Engel2006-06-301-1/+0
| | | | | Signed-off-by: Jörn Engel <joern@wohnheim.fh-wedel.de> Signed-off-by: Adrian Bunk <bunk@stusta.de>
* [PATCH] the scheduled unexport of panic_timeoutAdrian Bunk2006-04-111-1/+0
| | | | | | | | Implement the scheduled unexport of panic_timeout. Signed-off-by: Adrian Bunk <bunk@stusta.de> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@osdl.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@osdl.org>
* [PATCH] Notifier chain update: API changesAlan Stern2006-03-271-2/+2
| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | The kernel's implementation of notifier chains is unsafe. There is no protection against entries being added to or removed from a chain while the chain is in use. The issues were discussed in this thread: http://marc.theaimsgroup.com/?l=linux-kernel&m=113018709002036&w=2 We noticed that notifier chains in the kernel fall into two basic usage classes: "Blocking" chains are always called from a process context and the callout routines are allowed to sleep; "Atomic" chains can be called from an atomic context and the callout routines are not allowed to sleep. We decided to codify this distinction and make it part of the API. Therefore this set of patches introduces three new, parallel APIs: one for blocking notifiers, one for atomic notifiers, and one for "raw" notifiers (which is really just the old API under a new name). New kinds of data structures are used for the heads of the chains, and new routines are defined for registration, unregistration, and calling a chain. The three APIs are explained in include/linux/notifier.h and their implementation is in kernel/sys.c. With atomic and blocking chains, the implementation guarantees that the chain links will not be corrupted and that chain callers will not get messed up by entries being added or removed. For raw chains the implementation provides no guarantees at all; users of this API must provide their own protections. (The idea was that situations may come up where the assumptions of the atomic and blocking APIs are not appropriate, so it should be possible for users to handle these things in their own way.) There are some limitations, which should not be too hard to live with. For atomic/blocking chains, registration and unregistration must always be done in a process context since the chain is protected by a mutex/rwsem. Also, a callout routine for a non-raw chain must not try to register or unregister entries on its own chain. (This did happen in a couple of places and the code had to be changed to avoid it.) Since atomic chains may be called from within an NMI handler, they cannot use spinlocks for synchronization. Instead we use RCU. The overhead falls almost entirely in the unregister routine, which is okay since unregistration is much less frequent that calling a chain. Here is the list of chains that we adjusted and their classifications. None of them use the raw API, so for the moment it is only a placeholder. ATOMIC CHAINS ------------- arch/i386/kernel/traps.c: i386die_chain arch/ia64/kernel/traps.c: ia64die_chain arch/powerpc/kernel/traps.c: powerpc_die_chain arch/sparc64/kernel/traps.c: sparc64die_chain arch/x86_64/kernel/traps.c: die_chain drivers/char/ipmi/ipmi_si_intf.c: xaction_notifier_list kernel/panic.c: panic_notifier_list kernel/profile.c: task_free_notifier net/bluetooth/hci_core.c: hci_notifier net/ipv4/netfilter/ip_conntrack_core.c: ip_conntrack_chain net/ipv4/netfilter/ip_conntrack_core.c: ip_conntrack_expect_chain net/ipv6/addrconf.c: inet6addr_chain net/netfilter/nf_conntrack_core.c: nf_conntrack_chain net/netfilter/nf_conntrack_core.c: nf_conntrack_expect_chain net/netlink/af_netlink.c: netlink_chain BLOCKING CHAINS --------------- arch/powerpc/platforms/pseries/reconfig.c: pSeries_reconfig_chain arch/s390/kernel/process.c: idle_chain arch/x86_64/kernel/process.c idle_notifier drivers/base/memory.c: memory_chain drivers/cpufreq/cpufreq.c cpufreq_policy_notifier_list drivers/cpufreq/cpufreq.c cpufreq_transition_notifier_list drivers/macintosh/adb.c: adb_client_list drivers/macintosh/via-pmu.c sleep_notifier_list drivers/macintosh/via-pmu68k.c sleep_notifier_list drivers/macintosh/windfarm_core.c wf_client_list drivers/usb/core/notify.c usb_notifier_list drivers/video/fbmem.c fb_notifier_list kernel/cpu.c cpu_chain kernel/module.c module_notify_list kernel/profile.c munmap_notifier kernel/profile.c task_exit_notifier kernel/sys.c reboot_notifier_list net/core/dev.c netdev_chain net/decnet/dn_dev.c: dnaddr_chain net/ipv4/devinet.c: inetaddr_chain It's possible that some of these classifications are wrong. If they are, please let us know or submit a patch to fix them. Note that any chain that gets called very frequently should be atomic, because the rwsem read-locking used for blocking chains is very likely to incur cache misses on SMP systems. (However, if the chain's callout routines may sleep then the chain cannot be atomic.) The patch set was written by Alan Stern and Chandra Seetharaman, incorporating material written by Keith Owens and suggestions from Paul McKenney and Andrew Morton. [jes@sgi.com: restructure the notifier chain initialization macros] Signed-off-by: Alan Stern <stern@rowland.harvard.edu> Signed-off-by: Chandra Seetharaman <sekharan@us.ibm.com> Signed-off-by: Jes Sorensen <jes@sgi.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@osdl.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@osdl.org>
* [PATCH] pause_on_oops command line optionAndrew Morton2006-03-231-1/+96
| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | Attempt to fix the problem wherein people's oops reports scroll off the screen due to repeated oopsing or to oopses on other CPUs. If this happens the user can reboot with the `pause_on_oops=<seconds>' option. It will allow the first oopsing CPU to print an oops record just a single time. Second oopsing attempts, or oopses on other CPUs will cause those CPUs to enter a tight loop until the specified number of seconds have elapsed. The patch implements the infrastructure generically in the expectation that architectures other than x86 will find it useful. Cc: Dave Jones <davej@codemonkey.org.uk> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@osdl.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@osdl.org>
* [PATCH] prevent recursive panic from softlockup watchdogJan Beulich2006-02-101-0/+1
| | | | | | | | | When panic_timeout is zero, suppress triggering a nested panic due to soft lockup detection. Signed-off-by: Jan Beulich <jbeulich@novell.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@osdl.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@osdl.org>
* [PATCH] s390: cleanup KconfigMartin Schwidefsky2006-01-061-2/+2
| | | | | | | | | | Sanitize some s390 Kconfig options. We have ARCH_S390, ARCH_S390X, ARCH_S390_31, 64BIT, S390_SUPPORT and COMPAT. Replace these 6 options by S390, 64BIT and COMPAT. Signed-off-by: Martin Schwidefsky <schwidefsky@de.ibm.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@osdl.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@osdl.org>
* [PATCH] Call emergency_reboot from panicEric W. Biederman2005-07-261-5/+4
| | | | | | | | We know the system is in trouble so there is no question if this is an emergecy :) Signed-off-by: Eric W. Biederman <ebiederm@xmission.com> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@osdl.org>
* [PATCH] kdump: Use real pt_regs from exceptionAlexander Nyberg2005-06-251-1/+1
| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | Makes kexec_crashdump() take a pt_regs * as an argument. This allows to get exact register state at the point of the crash. If we come from direct panic assertion NULL will be passed and the current registers saved before crashdump. This hooks into two places: die(): check the conditions under which we will panic when calling do_exit and go there directly with the pt_regs that caused the fatal fault. die_nmi(): If we receive an NMI lockup while in the kernel use the pt_regs and go directly to crash_kexec(). We're probably nested up badly at this point so this might be the only chance to escape with proper information. Signed-off-by: Alexander Nyberg <alexn@telia.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@osdl.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@osdl.org>
* [PATCH] kexec: add kexec syscallsEric W. Biederman2005-06-251-2/+21
| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | This patch introduces the architecture independent implementation the sys_kexec_load, the compat_sys_kexec_load system calls. Kexec on panic support has been integrated into the core patch and is relatively clean. In addition the hopefully architecture independent option crashkernel=size@location has been docuemented. It's purpose is to reserve space for the panic kernel to live, and where no DMA transfer will ever be setup to access. Signed-off-by: Eric Biederman <ebiederm@xmission.com> Signed-off-by: Alexander Nyberg <alexn@telia.com> Signed-off-by: Adrian Bunk <bunk@stusta.de> Signed-off-by: Vivek Goyal <vgoyal@in.ibm.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@osdl.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@osdl.org>
* [SPARC]: Stop-A printk cleanupTom 'spot' Callaway2005-04-241-2/+2
| | | | | | | | | | | | This patch is incredibly trivial, but it does resolve some of the user confusion as to what "L1-A" actually is. Clarify printk message to refer to Stop-A (L1-A). Gentoo has a virtually identical patch in their kernel sources. Signed-off-by: Tom 'spot' Callaway <tcallawa@redhat.com> Signed-off-by: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>
* Linux-2.6.12-rc2v2.6.12-rc2Linus Torvalds2005-04-161-0/+157
Initial git repository build. I'm not bothering with the full history, even though we have it. We can create a separate "historical" git archive of that later if we want to, and in the meantime it's about 3.2GB when imported into git - space that would just make the early git days unnecessarily complicated, when we don't have a lot of good infrastructure for it. Let it rip!