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* sched: enable CONFIG_FAIR_GROUP_SCHED=y by defaultIngo Molnar2007-10-151-1/+1
| | | | | | | | enable CONFIG_FAIR_GROUP_SCHED=y by default. Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu> Signed-off-by: Peter Zijlstra <a.p.zijlstra@chello.nl> Reviewed-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
* sched: fair-group sched, cleanupsIngo Molnar2007-10-151-4/+4
| | | | | | | | fair-group sched, cleanups. Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu> Signed-off-by: Peter Zijlstra <a.p.zijlstra@chello.nl> Reviewed-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
* sched: add fair-user schedulerSrivatsa Vaddagiri2007-10-151-0/+13
| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | Enable user-id based fair group scheduling. This is useful for anyone who wants to test the group scheduler w/o having to enable CONFIG_CGROUPS. A separate scheduling group (i.e struct task_grp) is automatically created for every new user added to the system. Upon uid change for a task, it is made to move to the corresponding scheduling group. A /proc tunable (/proc/root_user_share) is also provided to tune root user's quota of cpu bandwidth. Signed-off-by: Srivatsa Vaddagiri <vatsa@linux.vnet.ibm.com> Signed-off-by: Dhaval Giani <dhaval@linux.vnet.ibm.com> Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu> Signed-off-by: Peter Zijlstra <a.p.zijlstra@chello.nl> Reviewed-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
* sched: clean up code under CONFIG_FAIR_GROUP_SCHEDSrivatsa Vaddagiri2007-10-151-6/+5
| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | With the view of supporting user-id based fair scheduling (and not just container-based fair scheduling), this patch renames several functions and makes them independent of whether they are being used for container or user-id based fair scheduling. Also fix a problem reported by KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki (wrt allocating less-sized array for tg->cfs_rq[] and tf->se[]). Signed-off-by: Srivatsa Vaddagiri <vatsa@linux.vnet.ibm.com> Signed-off-by: Dhaval Giani <dhaval@linux.vnet.ibm.com> Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu> Signed-off-by: Peter Zijlstra <a.p.zijlstra@chello.nl> Reviewed-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
* sched: group-scheduler coreSrivatsa Vaddagiri2007-10-151-0/+9
| | | | | | | | | | | Add interface to control cpu bandwidth allocation to task-groups. (not yet configurable, due to missing CONFIG_CONTAINERS) Signed-off-by: Srivatsa Vaddagiri <vatsa@linux.vnet.ibm.com> Signed-off-by: Dhaval Giani <dhaval@linux.vnet.ibm.com> Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu> Signed-off-by: Peter Zijlstra <a.p.zijlstra@chello.nl>
* disable sys_timerfd() for 2.6.23Andrew Morton2007-09-191-0/+1
| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | There is still some confusion and disagreement over what this interface should actually do. So it is best that we disable it in 2.6.23 until we get that fully sorted out. (sys_timerfd() was present in 2.6.22 but it was apparently broken, so here we assume that nobody is using it yet). Cc: Michael Kerrisk <mtk-manpages@gmx.net> Cc: Davide Libenzi <davidel@xmailserver.org> Acked-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
* Fix failure to resume from initrdsNigel Cunningham2007-09-191-1/+3
| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | Commit 831441862956fffa17b9801db37e6ea1650b0f69 (Freezer: make kernel threads nonfreezable by default) breaks freezing when attempting to resume from an initrd, because the init (which is freezeable) spins while waiting for another thread to run /linuxrc, but doesn't check whether it has been told to enter the refrigerator. The original patch replaced a call to try_to_freeze() with a call to yield(). I believe a simple reversion is wrong because if !CONFIG_PM_SLEEP, try_to_freeze() is a noop. It should still yield. Signed-off-by: Nigel Cunningham <nigel@nigel.suspend2.net> Acked-by: Rafael J. Wysocki <rjw@sisk.pl> Acked-by: Pavel Machek <pavel@ucw.cz> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
* fix maxcpus=1 oops in show_stat()Hugh Dickins2007-08-301-8/+0
| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | Alexey Dobriyan reports that maxcpus=1 is still broken in 2.6.23-rc4: if CONFIG_HOTPLUG_CPU is not set, x86_64 bootup oopses in show_stat() - for_each_possible_cpu accesses a per-cpu area which was never set up. Alexey identified commit 61ec7567db103d537329b0db9a887db570431ff4 (ACPI: boot correctly with "nosmp" or "maxcpus=0") as the origin; but it's not really to blame, just exposes a bug in 2.6.23-rc1's commit 8b3b295502444340dd0701855ac422fbf32e161d (Especially when !CONFIG_HOTPLUG_CPU, avoid needlessy allocating resources for CPUs that can never become available). rc1's test for max_cpus < 2 in start_kernel() wasn't working because max_cpus was still NR_CPUS at that point: until rc4 moved the maxcpus parsing earlier. Now it sets cpu_possible_map to 1 before allocating all possible per-cpu areas; then smp_init() expands cpu_possible_map to cpu_present_map (0xf in my case) later on. rc1's commit has good intentions, but expects cpu_present_map to be limited by maxcpus, which is only the case on i386. cpus_and(possible, possible,present) might be good, but needs an audit of cpu_present_map uses - there may well be assumptions that any cpu present is possible. So stay safe for now and just revert those #ifndef CONFIG_HOTPLUG_CPU optimizations in rc1's commit. Signed-off-by: Hugh Dickins <hugh@veritas.com> Cc: Alexey Dobriyan <adobriyan@sw.ru> Cc: Len Brown <lenb@kernel.org> Cc: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Cc: Jan Beulich <jbeulich@novell.com> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
* fix maxcpus=N parsingHugh Dickins2007-08-271-1/+1
| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | Commit 61ec7567db103d537329b0db9a887db570431ff4 ('ACPI: boot correctly with "nosmp" or "maxcpus=0"') broke 'maxcpus=' handling on x86[-64]. maxcpus=N is now having no effect on x86_64, and freezing bootup on i386 (because of inconsistency with the separate maxcpus parsing down in arch/i386, I guess). That's because early_param parsing is a little different from __setup parsing, and needs the "=" omitted: then it seems to work as the original commit intended (no mention of IO-APIC in /proc/interrupts when maxcpus=0). Signed-off-by: Hugh Dickins <hugh@veritas.com> Cc: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Cc: Len Brown <len.brown@intel.com> Cc: Andi Kleen <ak@suse.de> Cc: Rusty Russell <rusty@rustcorp.com.au> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
* ACPI: boot correctly with "nosmp" or "maxcpus=0"Len Brown2007-08-211-2/+10
| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | In MPS mode, "nosmp" and "maxcpus=0" boot a UP kernel with IOAPIC disabled. However, in ACPI mode, these parameters didn't completely disable the IO APIC initialization code and boot failed. init/main.c: Disable the IO_APIC if "nosmp" or "maxcpus=0" undefine disable_ioapic_setup() when it doesn't apply. i386: delete ioapic_setup(), it was a duplicate of parse_noapic() delete undefinition of disable_ioapic_setup() x86_64: rename disable_ioapic_setup() to parse_noapic() to match i386 define disable_ioapic_setup() in header to match i386 http://bugzilla.kernel.org/show_bug.cgi?id=1641 Acked-by: Andi Kleen <ak@suse.de> Signed-off-by: Len Brown <len.brown@intel.com>
* Kconfig: remove top level menu "Code maturity level options"Al Boldi2007-07-311-4/+1
| | | | | | | | | | | | Remove the top level menu "Code maturity level options", and moves its options into menu "General setup". This makes Kconfig less cluttered and easier to setup. Signed-off-by: Al Boldi <a1426z@gawab.com> Acked-by: Sam Ravnborg <sam@ravnborg.org> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
* ANON_INODES shouldn't be user visibleAdrian Bunk2007-07-311-11/+5
| | | | | | | | | | There doesn't seem to be a good reason for ANON_INODES being an user visible option. Signed-off-by: Adrian Bunk <bunk@stusta.de> Acked-by: Davide Libenzi <davidel@xmailserver.org> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
* Merge master.kernel.org:/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/lethal/sh-2.6.23Linus Torvalds2007-07-301-1/+1
|\ | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | * master.kernel.org:/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/lethal/sh-2.6.23: sh: Fix fs.h removal from mm.h regressions. sh: fix get_wchan() for SH kernels without framepointers sh: arch/sh/boot - fix shell usage rtc: rtc-sh: Correct sh_rtc_set_time() for some SH-3 parts. sh: remove support for sh7300 and solution engine 7300 sh: Add sh to the CC_OPTIMIZE_FOR_SIZE dependencies. sh: Kill off virt_to_bus()/bus_to_virt(). sh: sh-sci - fix SH7708 support sh: Restrict DSP support to specific CPUs. sh: Silence sq compile warning on sh4 nommu. sh: Kill the rest of the SE73180 cruft. sh: remove support for sh73180 and solution engine 73180 sh: remove old broken pint code sh: Reclaim beginning of P3 space for vmalloc area. sh: Fix Dreamcast DMA issues. sh: Add kmap_coherent()/kunmap_coherent() interface for SH-4.
| * sh: Add sh to the CC_OPTIMIZE_FOR_SIZE dependencies.Paul Mundt2007-07-261-1/+1
| | | | | | | | | | | | | | Presently we only use this with CONFIG_EXPERIMENTAL, but it is something that can be supported commonly. Signed-off-by: Paul Mundt <lethal@linux-sh.org>
* | initramfs: missing __initAl Viro2007-07-261-1/+1
|/ | | | | Signed-off-by: Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
* Freezer: make kernel threads nonfreezable by defaultRafael J. Wysocki2007-07-171-5/+2
| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | Currently, the freezer treats all tasks as freezable, except for the kernel threads that explicitly set the PF_NOFREEZE flag for themselves. This approach is problematic, since it requires every kernel thread to either set PF_NOFREEZE explicitly, or call try_to_freeze(), even if it doesn't care for the freezing of tasks at all. It seems better to only require the kernel threads that want to or need to be frozen to use some freezer-related code and to remove any freezer-related code from the other (nonfreezable) kernel threads, which is done in this patch. The patch causes all kernel threads to be nonfreezable by default (ie. to have PF_NOFREEZE set by default) and introduces the set_freezable() function that should be called by the freezable kernel threads in order to unset PF_NOFREEZE. It also makes all of the currently freezable kernel threads call set_freezable(), so it shouldn't cause any (intentional) change of behaviour to appear. Additionally, it updates documentation to describe the freezing of tasks more accurately. [akpm@linux-foundation.org: build fixes] Signed-off-by: Rafael J. Wysocki <rjw@sisk.pl> Acked-by: Nigel Cunningham <nigel@nigel.suspend2.net> Cc: Pavel Machek <pavel@ucw.cz> Cc: Oleg Nesterov <oleg@tv-sign.ru> Cc: Gautham R Shenoy <ego@in.ibm.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
* Make SLUB the default allocatorChristoph Lameter2007-07-171-1/+1
| | | | | | | | | | | There are some reports that 2.6.22 has SLUB as the default. Not true! This will make SLUB the default for 2.6.23. Signed-off-by: Christoph Lameter <clameter@sgi.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
* adjust nosmp handlingJan Beulich2007-07-161-15/+27
| | | | | | | | | Especially when !CONFIG_HOTPLUG_CPU, avoid needlessy allocating resources for CPUs that can never become available. Signed-off-by: Jan Beulich <jbeulich@novell.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
* Allow softlockup to be runtime disabledDave Jones2007-07-161-1/+11
| | | | | | | | | | It's useful sometimes to disable the softlockup checker at boottime. Especially if it triggers during a distro install. Signed-off-by: Dave Jones <davej@redhat.com> Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
* user namespace: add the frameworkCedric Le Goater2007-07-161-0/+9
| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | Basically, it will allow a process to unshare its user_struct table, resetting at the same time its own user_struct and all the associated accounting. A new root user (uid == 0) is added to the user namespace upon creation. Such root users have full privileges and it seems that theses privileges should be controlled through some means (process capabilities ?) The unshare is not included in this patch. Changes since [try #4]: - Updated get_user_ns and put_user_ns to accept NULL, and get_user_ns to return the namespace. Changes since [try #3]: - moved struct user_namespace to files user_namespace.{c,h} Changes since [try #2]: - removed struct user_namespace* argument from find_user() Changes since [try #1]: - removed struct user_namespace* argument from find_user() - added a root_user per user namespace Signed-off-by: Cedric Le Goater <clg@fr.ibm.com> Signed-off-by: Serge E. Hallyn <serue@us.ibm.com> Acked-by: Pavel Emelianov <xemul@openvz.org> Cc: Herbert Poetzl <herbert@13thfloor.at> Cc: Kirill Korotaev <dev@sw.ru> Cc: Eric W. Biederman <ebiederm@xmission.com> Cc: Chris Wright <chrisw@sous-sol.org> Cc: Stephen Smalley <sds@tycho.nsa.gov> Cc: James Morris <jmorris@namei.org> Cc: Andrew Morgan <agm@google.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
* remove CONFIG_UTS_NS and CONFIG_IPC_NSCedric Le Goater2007-07-161-17/+0
| | | | | | | | | | | | | | CONFIG_UTS_NS and CONFIG_IPC_NS have very little value as they only deactivate the unshare of the uts and ipc namespaces and do not improve performance. Signed-off-by: Cedric Le Goater <clg@fr.ibm.com> Acked-by: "Serge E. Hallyn" <serue@us.ibm.com> Cc: Eric W. Biederman <ebiederm@xmission.com> Cc: Herbert Poetzl <herbert@13thfloor.at> Cc: Pavel Emelianov <xemul@openvz.org> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
* init: wait for asynchronously scanned block devicesPierre Ossman2007-07-161-2/+22
| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | Some buses (e.g. USB and MMC) do their scanning of devices in the background, causing a race between them and prepare_namespace(). In order to be able to use these buses without an initrd, we now wait for the device specified in root= to actually show up. If the device never shows up than we will hang in an infinite loop. In order to not mess with setups that reboot on panic, the feature must be turned on via the command line option "rootwait". [bunk@stusta.de: root_wait can become static] Signed-off-by: Pierre Ossman <drzeus@drzeus.cx> Cc: Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk> Cc: Christoph Hellwig <hch@lst.de> Signed-off-by: Adrian Bunk <bunk@stusta.de> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
* Use menuconfig objects II - module menuJan Engelhardt2007-07-161-4/+1
| | | | | | | | | | Change menuconfig objects from "menu, config" into "menuconfig" so that the user can disable the whole feature without entering its menu first. Signed-off-by: Jan Engelhardt <jengelh@gmx.de> Cc: Rusty Russell <rusty@rustcorp.com.au> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
* slob: sparsemem supportPaul Mundt2007-07-161-1/+1
| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | Currently slob is disabled if we're using sparsemem, due to an earlier patch from Goto-san. Slob and static sparsemem work without any trouble as it is, and the only hiccup is a missing slab_is_available() in the case of sparsemem extreme. With this, we're rid of the last set of restrictions for slob usage. Signed-off-by: Paul Mundt <lethal@linux-sh.org> Acked-by: Pekka Enberg <penberg@cs.helsinki.fi> Acked-by: Matt Mackall <mpm@selenic.com> Cc: Christoph Lameter <clameter@sgi.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
* serial: convert early_uart to earlycon for 8250Yinghai Lu2007-07-161-1/+4
| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | Beacuse SERIAL_PORT_DFNS is removed from include/asm-i386/serial.h and include/asm-x86_64/serial.h. the serial8250_ports need to be probed late in serial initializing stage. the console_init=>serial8250_console_init=> register_console=>serial8250_console_setup will return -ENDEV, and console ttyS0 can not be enabled at that time. need to wait till uart_add_one_port in drivers/serial/serial_core.c to call register_console to get console ttyS0. that is too late. Make early_uart to use early_param, so uart console can be used earlier. Make it to be bootconsole with CON_BOOT flag, so can use console handover feature. and it will switch to corresponding normal serial console automatically. new command line will be: console=uart8250,io,0x3f8,9600n8 console=uart8250,mmio,0xff5e0000,115200n8 or earlycon=uart8250,io,0x3f8,9600n8 earlycon=uart8250,mmio,0xff5e0000,115200n8 it will print in very early stage: Early serial console at I/O port 0x3f8 (options '9600n8') console [uart0] enabled later for console it will print: console handover: boot [uart0] -> real [ttyS0] Signed-off-by: <yinghai.lu@sun.com> Cc: Andi Kleen <ak@suse.de> Cc: Bjorn Helgaas <bjorn.helgaas@hp.com> Cc: Russell King <rmk@arm.linux.org.uk> Cc: Gerd Hoffmann <kraxel@suse.de> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
* block/Kconfig already has its own "menuconfig" so remove theseJan Engelhardt2007-07-101-2/+0
| | | | | | | | | "menu, endmenu" that did not get cleaned up in the block patch [ http://lkml.org/lkml/2007/4/10/251 ] Signed-off-by: Jan Engelhardt <jengelh@gmx.de> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Jens Axboe <jens.axboe@oracle.com>
* sched: add init_idle_bootup_task()Ingo Molnar2007-07-091-2/+3
| | | | | | | | add the init_idle_bootup_task() callback to the bootup thread, unused at the moment. (CFS will use it to switch the scheduling class of the boot thread to the idle class) Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu>
* init/main: use __init_refok to fix section mismatchSam Ravnborg2007-05-191-1/+1
| | | | | | | Kill a special case in modpost by introducing the __init_refok marker. Signed-off-by: Sam Ravnborg <sam@ravnborg.org>
* SLUB: Remove depends on EXPERIMENTAL and !ARCH_USES_SLAB_PAGE_STRUCTChristoph Lameter2007-05-171-1/+0
| | | | | | | | | | | | | No arch sets ARCH_USES_SLAB_PAGE_STRUCT anymore. Remove the experimental dependency as well since we want to have it as a real alternative to SLAB. It all comes down to killing a single line from init/Kconfig. Signed-off-by: Christoph Lameter <clameter@sgi.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
* slob: implement RCU freeingNick Piggin2007-05-171-5/+2
| | | | | | | | | | | The SLOB allocator should implement SLAB_DESTROY_BY_RCU correctly, because even on UP, RCU freeing semantics are not equivalent to simply freeing immediately. This also allows SLOB to be used on SMP. Signed-off-by: Nick Piggin <npiggin@suse.de> Acked-by: Matt Mackall <mpm@selenic.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
* signal/timer/event: eventfd coreDavide Libenzi2007-05-111-0/+10
| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | This is a very simple and light file descriptor, that can be used as event wait/dispatch by userspace (both wait and dispatch) and by the kernel (dispatch only). It can be used instead of pipe(2) in all cases where those would simply be used to signal events. Their kernel overhead is much lower than pipes, and they do not consume two fds. When used in the kernel, it can offer an fd-bridge to enable, for example, functionalities like KAIO or syslets/threadlets to signal to an fd the completion of certain operations. But more in general, an eventfd can be used by the kernel to signal readiness, in a POSIX poll/select way, of interfaces that would otherwise be incompatible with it. The API is: int eventfd(unsigned int count); The eventfd API accepts an initial "count" parameter, and returns an eventfd fd. It supports poll(2) (POLLIN, POLLOUT, POLLERR), read(2) and write(2). The POLLIN flag is raised when the internal counter is greater than zero. The POLLOUT flag is raised when at least a value of "1" can be written to the internal counter. The POLLERR flag is raised when an overflow in the counter value is detected. The write(2) operation can never overflow the counter, since it blocks (unless O_NONBLOCK is set, in which case -EAGAIN is returned). But the eventfd_signal() function can do it, since it's supposed to not sleep during its operation. The read(2) function reads the __u64 counter value, and reset the internal value to zero. If the value read is equal to (__u64) -1, an overflow happened on the internal counter (due to 2^64 eventfd_signal() posts that has never been retired - unlickely, but possible). The write(2) call writes an __u64 count value, and adds it to the current counter. The eventfd fd supports O_NONBLOCK also. On the kernel side, we have: struct file *eventfd_fget(int fd); int eventfd_signal(struct file *file, unsigned int n); The eventfd_fget() should be called to get a struct file* from an eventfd fd (this is an fget() + check of f_op being an eventfd fops pointer). The kernel can then call eventfd_signal() every time it wants to post an event to userspace. The eventfd_signal() function can be called from any context. An eventfd() simple test and bench is available here: http://www.xmailserver.org/eventfd-bench.c This is the eventfd-based version of pipetest-4 (pipe(2) based): http://www.xmailserver.org/pipetest-4.c Not that performance matters much in the eventfd case, but eventfd-bench shows almost as double as performance than pipetest-4. [akpm@linux-foundation.org: fix i386 build] [akpm@linux-foundation.org: add sys_eventfd to sys_ni.c] Signed-off-by: Davide Libenzi <davidel@xmailserver.org> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
* signal/timer/event: timerfd coreDavide Libenzi2007-05-111-0/+10
| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | This patch introduces a new system call for timers events delivered though file descriptors. This allows timer event to be used with standard POSIX poll(2), select(2) and read(2). As a consequence of supporting the Linux f_op->poll subsystem, they can be used with epoll(2) too. The system call is defined as: int timerfd(int ufd, int clockid, int flags, const struct itimerspec *utmr); The "ufd" parameter allows for re-use (re-programming) of an existing timerfd w/out going through the close/open cycle (same as signalfd). If "ufd" is -1, s new file descriptor will be created, otherwise the existing "ufd" will be re-programmed. The "clockid" parameter is either CLOCK_MONOTONIC or CLOCK_REALTIME. The time specified in the "utmr->it_value" parameter is the expiry time for the timer. If the TFD_TIMER_ABSTIME flag is set in "flags", this is an absolute time, otherwise it's a relative time. If the time specified in the "utmr->it_interval" is not zero (.tv_sec == 0, tv_nsec == 0), this is the period at which the following ticks should be generated. The "utmr->it_interval" should be set to zero if only one tick is requested. Setting the "utmr->it_value" to zero will disable the timer, or will create a timerfd without the timer enabled. The function returns the new (or same, in case "ufd" is a valid timerfd descriptor) file, or -1 in case of error. As stated before, the timerfd file descriptor supports poll(2), select(2) and epoll(2). When a timer event happened on the timerfd, a POLLIN mask will be returned. The read(2) call can be used, and it will return a u32 variable holding the number of "ticks" that happened on the interface since the last call to read(2). The read(2) call supportes the O_NONBLOCK flag too, and EAGAIN will be returned if no ticks happened. A quick test program, shows timerfd working correctly on my amd64 box: http://www.xmailserver.org/timerfd-test.c [akpm@linux-foundation.org: add sys_timerfd to sys_ni.c] Signed-off-by: Davide Libenzi <davidel@xmailserver.org> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
* signal/timer/event: signalfd coreDavide Libenzi2007-05-111-0/+10
| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | This patch series implements the new signalfd() system call. I took part of the original Linus code (and you know how badly it can be broken :), and I added even more breakage ;) Signals are fetched from the same signal queue used by the process, so signalfd will compete with standard kernel delivery in dequeue_signal(). If you want to reliably fetch signals on the signalfd file, you need to block them with sigprocmask(SIG_BLOCK). This seems to be working fine on my Dual Opteron machine. I made a quick test program for it: http://www.xmailserver.org/signafd-test.c The signalfd() system call implements signal delivery into a file descriptor receiver. The signalfd file descriptor if created with the following API: int signalfd(int ufd, const sigset_t *mask, size_t masksize); The "ufd" parameter allows to change an existing signalfd sigmask, w/out going to close/create cycle (Linus idea). Use "ufd" == -1 if you want a brand new signalfd file. The "mask" allows to specify the signal mask of signals that we are interested in. The "masksize" parameter is the size of "mask". The signalfd fd supports the poll(2) and read(2) system calls. The poll(2) will return POLLIN when signals are available to be dequeued. As a direct consequence of supporting the Linux poll subsystem, the signalfd fd can use used together with epoll(2) too. The read(2) system call will return a "struct signalfd_siginfo" structure in the userspace supplied buffer. The return value is the number of bytes copied in the supplied buffer, or -1 in case of error. The read(2) call can also return 0, in case the sighand structure to which the signalfd was attached, has been orphaned. The O_NONBLOCK flag is also supported, and read(2) will return -EAGAIN in case no signal is available. If the size of the buffer passed to read(2) is lower than sizeof(struct signalfd_siginfo), -EINVAL is returned. A read from the signalfd can also return -ERESTARTSYS in case a signal hits the process. The format of the struct signalfd_siginfo is, and the valid fields depends of the (->code & __SI_MASK) value, in the same way a struct siginfo would: struct signalfd_siginfo { __u32 signo; /* si_signo */ __s32 err; /* si_errno */ __s32 code; /* si_code */ __u32 pid; /* si_pid */ __u32 uid; /* si_uid */ __s32 fd; /* si_fd */ __u32 tid; /* si_fd */ __u32 band; /* si_band */ __u32 overrun; /* si_overrun */ __u32 trapno; /* si_trapno */ __s32 status; /* si_status */ __s32 svint; /* si_int */ __u64 svptr; /* si_ptr */ __u64 utime; /* si_utime */ __u64 stime; /* si_stime */ __u64 addr; /* si_addr */ }; [akpm@linux-foundation.org: fix signalfd_copyinfo() on i386] Signed-off-by: Davide Libenzi <davidel@xmailserver.org> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
* signal/timer/event fds: anonymous inode sourceDavide Libenzi2007-05-111-0/+10
| | | | | | | | | | | | | This patch add an anonymous inode source, to be used for files that need and inode only in order to create a file*. We do not care of having an inode for each file, and we do not even care of having different names in the associated dentries (dentry names will be same for classes of file*). This allow code reuse, and will be used by epoll, signalfd and timerfd (and whatever else there'll be). Signed-off-by: Davide Libenzi <davidel@xmailserver.org> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
* Explicitly set pgid and sid of init processSukadev Bhattiprolu2007-05-111-0/+1
| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | Explicitly set pgid and sid of init process to 1. Signed-off-by: Sukadev Bhattiprolu <sukadev@us.ibm.com> Cc: Cedric Le Goater <clg@fr.ibm.com> Cc: Dave Hansen <haveblue@us.ibm.com> Cc: Serge Hallyn <serue@us.ibm.com> Cc: Eric Biederman <ebiederm@xmission.com> Cc: Herbert Poetzl <herbert@13thfloor.at> Cc: <containers@lists.osdl.org> Acked-by: Eric W. Biederman <ebiederm@xmission.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
* SLUB: SLUB_DEBUG must depend on SLUBChristoph Lameter2007-05-101-0/+1
| | | | | | | | | Otherwise people get asked about SLUB_DEBUG even if they have another slab allocator enabled. Signed-off-by: Christoph Lameter <clameter@sgi.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
* Merge git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/bunk/trivialLinus Torvalds2007-05-091-4/+2
|\ | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | * git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/bunk/trivial: (25 commits) sound: convert "sound" subdirectory to UTF-8 MAINTAINERS: Add cxacru website/mailing list include files: convert "include" subdirectory to UTF-8 general: convert "kernel" subdirectory to UTF-8 documentation: convert the Documentation directory to UTF-8 Convert the toplevel files CREDITS and MAINTAINERS to UTF-8. remove broken URLs from net drivers' output Magic number prefix consistency change to Documentation/magic-number.txt trivial: s/i_sem /i_mutex/ fix file specification in comments drivers/base/platform.c: fix small typo in doc misc doc and kconfig typos Remove obsolete fat_cvf help text Fix occurrences of "the the " Fix minor typoes in kernel/module.c Kconfig: Remove reference to external mqueue library Kconfig: A couple of grammatical fixes in arch/i386/Kconfig Correct comments in genrtc.c to refer to correct /proc file. Fix more "deprecated" spellos. Fix "deprecated" typoes. ... Fix trivial comment conflict in kernel/relay.c.
| * Kconfig: Remove reference to external mqueue libraryRobert P. J. Day2007-05-091-3/+1
| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | Remove the reference to an external mqueue library since that was merged into glibc in 2004. Signed-off-by: Robert P. J. Day <rpjday@mindspring.com> Signed-off-by: Adrian Bunk <bunk@stusta.de>
| * Fix trivial typos in Kconfig* filesDavid Sterba2007-05-091-1/+1
| | | | | | | | | | | | | | Fix several typos in help text in Kconfig* files. Signed-off-by: David Sterba <dave@jikos.cz> Signed-off-by: Adrian Bunk <bunk@stusta.de>
* | kthread: don't depend on work queuesEric W. Biederman2007-05-091-0/+5
| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | Currently there is a circular reference between work queue initialization and kthread initialization. This prevents the kthread infrastructure from initializing until after work queues have been initialized. We want the properties of tasks created with kthread_create to be as close as possible to the init_task and to not be contaminated by user processes. The later we start our kthreadd that creates these tasks the harder it is to avoid contamination from user processes and the more of a mess we have to clean up because the defaults have changed on us. So this patch modifies the kthread support to not use work queues but to instead use a simple list of structures, and to have kthreadd start from init_task immediately after our kernel thread that execs /sbin/init. By being a true child of init_task we only have to change those process settings that we want to have different from init_task, such as our process name, the cpus that are allowed, blocking all signals and setting SIGCHLD to SIG_IGN so that all of our children are reaped automatically. By being a true child of init_task we also naturally get our ppid set to 0 and do not wind up as a child of PID == 1. Ensuring that tasks generated by kthread_create will not slow down the functioning of the wait family of functions. [akpm@linux-foundation.org: use interruptible sleeps] Signed-off-by: Eric W. Biederman <ebiederm@xmission.com> Cc: Oleg Nesterov <oleg@tv-sign.ru> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
* | Display all possible partitions when the root filesystem failed to mountDave Gilbert2007-05-091-1/+6
| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | Display all possible partitions when the root filesystem is not mounted. This helps to track spell'o's and missing drivers. Updated to work with newer kernels. Example output: VFS: Cannot open root device "foobar" or unknown-block(0,0) Please append a correct "root=" boot option; here are the available partitions: 0800 8388608 sda driver: sd 0801 192748 sda1 0802 8193150 sda2 0810 4194304 sdb driver: sd Kernel panic - not syncing: VFS: Unable to mount root fs on unknown-block(0,0) [akpm@linux-foundation.org: cleanups, fix printk warnings] Signed-off-by: Jan Engelhardt <jengelh@gmx.de> Cc: Dave Gilbert <linux@treblig.org> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
* | Fix spellings of slab allocator section in init/KconfigChristoph Lameter2007-05-091-8/+7
| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | Fix some of the spelling issues. Fix sentences. Discourage SLOB use since SLUB can pack objects denser. Signed-off-by: Christoph Lameter <clameter@sgi.com> Cc: Matt Mackall <mpm@selenic.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
* | SLUB: add CONFIG_SLUB_DEBUGChristoph Lameter2007-05-091-0/+9
|/ | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | CONFIG_SLUB_DEBUG can be used to switch off the debugging and sysfs components of SLUB. Thus SLUB will be able to replace SLOB. SLUB can arrange objects in a denser way than SLOB and the code size should be minimal without debugging and sysfs support. Note that CONFIG_SLUB_DEBUG is materially different from CONFIG_SLAB_DEBUG. CONFIG_SLAB_DEBUG is used to enable slab debugging in SLAB. SLUB enables debugging via a boot parameter. SLUB debug code should always be present. CONFIG_SLUB_DEBUG can be modified in the embedded config section. Signed-off-by: Christoph Lameter <clameter@sgi.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
* Move LOG_BUF_SHIFT to a more sensible placeAlistair John Strachan2007-05-081-0/+17
| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | Several people have observed that perhaps LOG_BUF_SHIFT should be in a more obvious place than under DEBUG_KERNEL. Under some circumstances (such as the PARISC architecture), DEBUG_KERNEL can increase kernel size, which is an undesirable trade off for something as trivial as increasing the kernel log buffer size. Instead, move LOG_BUF_SHIFT into "General Setup", so that people are more likely to be able to change it such a circumstance that the default buffer size is insufficient. Signed-off-by: Alistair John Strachan <s0348365@sms.ed.ac.uk> Acked-by: Randy Dunlap <randy.dunlap@oracle.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
* enhance initcall_debug, measure latencyIngo Molnar2007-05-081-0/+17
| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | enhance the initcall_debug boot option: - measure the time the initcall took to execute and report it in units of milliseconds. - show the return code of initcalls (useful to see failures and to make sure that an initcall hung) [akpm@linux-foundation.org: fix printk warning] Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
* init/do_mounts.c: proper prepare_namespace() prototypeAdrian Bunk2007-05-082-1/+1
| | | | | | | | Add a proper protype for prepare_namespace() in include/linux/init.h. Signed-off-by: Adrian Bunk <bunk@stusta.de> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
* freezer: remove PF_NOFREEZE from handle_initrdRafael J. Wysocki2007-05-071-2/+3
| | | | | | | | | | | Make handle_initrd() call try_to_freeze() in a suitable place instead of setting PF_NOFREEZE for the current task. Signed-off-by: Rafael J. Wysocki <rjw@sisk.pl> Acked-by: Nigel Cunningham <nigel@nigel.suspend2.net> Acked-by: Pavel Machek <pavel@ucw.cz> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
* blackfin architectureBryan Wu2007-05-071-1/+1
| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | This adds support for the Analog Devices Blackfin processor architecture, and currently supports the BF533, BF532, BF531, BF537, BF536, BF534, and BF561 (Dual Core) devices, with a variety of development platforms including those avaliable from Analog Devices (BF533-EZKit, BF533-STAMP, BF537-STAMP, BF561-EZKIT), and Bluetechnix! Tinyboards. The Blackfin architecture was jointly developed by Intel and Analog Devices Inc. (ADI) as the Micro Signal Architecture (MSA) core and introduced it in December of 2000. Since then ADI has put this core into its Blackfin processor family of devices. The Blackfin core has the advantages of a clean, orthogonal,RISC-like microprocessor instruction set. It combines a dual-MAC (Multiply/Accumulate), state-of-the-art signal processing engine and single-instruction, multiple-data (SIMD) multimedia capabilities into a single instruction-set architecture. The Blackfin architecture, including the instruction set, is described by the ADSP-BF53x/BF56x Blackfin Processor Programming Reference http://blackfin.uclinux.org/gf/download/frsrelease/29/2549/Blackfin_PRM.pdf The Blackfin processor is already supported by major releases of gcc, and there are binary and source rpms/tarballs for many architectures at: http://blackfin.uclinux.org/gf/project/toolchain/frs There is complete documentation, including "getting started" guides available at: http://docs.blackfin.uclinux.org/ which provides links to the sources and patches you will need in order to set up a cross-compiling environment for bfin-linux-uclibc This patch, as well as the other patches (toolchain, distribution, uClibc) are actively supported by Analog Devices Inc, at: http://blackfin.uclinux.org/ We have tested this on LTP, and our test plan (including pass/fails) can be found at: http://docs.blackfin.uclinux.org/doku.php?id=testing_the_linux_kernel [m.kozlowski@tuxland.pl: balance parenthesis in blackfin header files] Signed-off-by: Bryan Wu <bryan.wu@analog.com> Signed-off-by: Mariusz Kozlowski <m.kozlowski@tuxland.pl> Signed-off-by: Aubrey Li <aubrey.li@analog.com> Signed-off-by: Jie Zhang <jie.zhang@analog.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
* SLUB coreChristoph Lameter2007-05-071-13/+40
| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | This is a new slab allocator which was motivated by the complexity of the existing code in mm/slab.c. It attempts to address a variety of concerns with the existing implementation. A. Management of object queues A particular concern was the complex management of the numerous object queues in SLAB. SLUB has no such queues. Instead we dedicate a slab for each allocating CPU and use objects from a slab directly instead of queueing them up. B. Storage overhead of object queues SLAB Object queues exist per node, per CPU. The alien cache queue even has a queue array that contain a queue for each processor on each node. For very large systems the number of queues and the number of objects that may be caught in those queues grows exponentially. On our systems with 1k nodes / processors we have several gigabytes just tied up for storing references to objects for those queues This does not include the objects that could be on those queues. One fears that the whole memory of the machine could one day be consumed by those queues. C. SLAB meta data overhead SLAB has overhead at the beginning of each slab. This means that data cannot be naturally aligned at the beginning of a slab block. SLUB keeps all meta data in the corresponding page_struct. Objects can be naturally aligned in the slab. F.e. a 128 byte object will be aligned at 128 byte boundaries and can fit tightly into a 4k page with no bytes left over. SLAB cannot do this. D. SLAB has a complex cache reaper SLUB does not need a cache reaper for UP systems. On SMP systems the per CPU slab may be pushed back into partial list but that operation is simple and does not require an iteration over a list of objects. SLAB expires per CPU, shared and alien object queues during cache reaping which may cause strange hold offs. E. SLAB has complex NUMA policy layer support SLUB pushes NUMA policy handling into the page allocator. This means that allocation is coarser (SLUB does interleave on a page level) but that situation was also present before 2.6.13. SLABs application of policies to individual slab objects allocated in SLAB is certainly a performance concern due to the frequent references to memory policies which may lead a sequence of objects to come from one node after another. SLUB will get a slab full of objects from one node and then will switch to the next. F. Reduction of the size of partial slab lists SLAB has per node partial lists. This means that over time a large number of partial slabs may accumulate on those lists. These can only be reused if allocator occur on specific nodes. SLUB has a global pool of partial slabs and will consume slabs from that pool to decrease fragmentation. G. Tunables SLAB has sophisticated tuning abilities for each slab cache. One can manipulate the queue sizes in detail. However, filling the queues still requires the uses of the spin lock to check out slabs. SLUB has a global parameter (min_slab_order) for tuning. Increasing the minimum slab order can decrease the locking overhead. The bigger the slab order the less motions of pages between per CPU and partial lists occur and the better SLUB will be scaling. G. Slab merging We often have slab caches with similar parameters. SLUB detects those on boot up and merges them into the corresponding general caches. This leads to more effective memory use. About 50% of all caches can be eliminated through slab merging. This will also decrease slab fragmentation because partial allocated slabs can be filled up again. Slab merging can be switched off by specifying slub_nomerge on boot up. Note that merging can expose heretofore unknown bugs in the kernel because corrupted objects may now be placed differently and corrupt differing neighboring objects. Enable sanity checks to find those. H. Diagnostics The current slab diagnostics are difficult to use and require a recompilation of the kernel. SLUB contains debugging code that is always available (but is kept out of the hot code paths). SLUB diagnostics can be enabled via the "slab_debug" option. Parameters can be specified to select a single or a group of slab caches for diagnostics. This means that the system is running with the usual performance and it is much more likely that race conditions can be reproduced. I. Resiliency If basic sanity checks are on then SLUB is capable of detecting common error conditions and recover as best as possible to allow the system to continue. J. Tracing Tracing can be enabled via the slab_debug=T,<slabcache> option during boot. SLUB will then protocol all actions on that slabcache and dump the object contents on free. K. On demand DMA cache creation. Generally DMA caches are not needed. If a kmalloc is used with __GFP_DMA then just create this single slabcache that is needed. For systems that have no ZONE_DMA requirement the support is completely eliminated. L. Performance increase Some benchmarks have shown speed improvements on kernbench in the range of 5-10%. The locking overhead of slub is based on the underlying base allocation size. If we can reliably allocate larger order pages then it is possible to increase slub performance much further. The anti-fragmentation patches may enable further performance increases. Tested on: i386 UP + SMP, x86_64 UP + SMP + NUMA emulation, IA64 NUMA + Simulator SLUB Boot options slub_nomerge Disable merging of slabs slub_min_order=x Require a minimum order for slab caches. This increases the managed chunk size and therefore reduces meta data and locking overhead. slub_min_objects=x Mininum objects per slab. Default is 8. slub_max_order=x Avoid generating slabs larger than order specified. slub_debug Enable all diagnostics for all caches slub_debug=<options> Enable selective options for all caches slub_debug=<o>,<cache> Enable selective options for a certain set of caches Available Debug options F Double Free checking, sanity and resiliency R Red zoning P Object / padding poisoning U Track last free / alloc T Trace all allocs / frees (only use for individual slabs). To use SLUB: Apply this patch and then select SLUB as the default slab allocator. [hugh@veritas.com: fix an oops-causing locking error] [akpm@linux-foundation.org: various stupid cleanups and small fixes] Signed-off-by: Christoph Lameter <clameter@sgi.com> Signed-off-by: Hugh Dickins <hugh@veritas.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
* Safer nr_node_ids and nr_node_ids determination and initial valuesChristoph Lameter2007-05-071-5/+0
| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | The nr_cpu_ids value is currently only calculated in smp_init. However, it may be needed before (SLUB needs it on kmem_cache_init!) and other kernel components may also want to allocate dynamically sized per cpu array before smp_init. So move the determination of possible cpus into sched_init() where we already loop over all possible cpus early in boot. Also initialize both nr_node_ids and nr_cpu_ids with the highest value they could take. If we have accidental users before these values are determined then the current valud of 0 may cause too small per cpu and per node arrays to be allocated. If it is set to the maximum possible then we only waste some memory for early boot users. Signed-off-by: Christoph Lameter <clameter@sgi.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>