path: root/include/mtd/mtd-abi.h
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* mtd: nand: expand nand_ecc_layout, deprecate ioctl ECCGETLAYOUTBrian Norris2010-10-241-2/+2
| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | struct nand_ecclayout is too small for many new chips; OOB regions can be as large as 448 bytes and may increase more in the future. Thus, copying that struct to user-space with the ECCGETLAYOUT ioctl is not a good idea; the ioctl would have to be updated every time there's a change to the current largest size. Instead, the old nand_ecclayout is renamed to nand_ecclayout_user and a new struct nand_ecclayout is created that can accomodate larger sizes and expand without affecting the user-space. struct nand_ecclayout can still be used in board drivers without modification -- at least for now. A new function is provided to convert from the new to the old in order to allow the deprecated ioctl to continue to work with truncated data. Perhaps the ioctl, the conversion process, and the struct nand_ecclayout_user can be removed altogether in the future. Note: There are comments in nand/davinci_nand.c::nand_davinci_probe() regarding this issue; this driver (and maybe others) can be updated to account for extra space. All kernel drivers can use the expanded nand_ecclayout as a drop-in replacement and ignore its benefits. Signed-off-by: Brian Norris <computersforpeace@gmail.com> Signed-off-by: Artem Bityutskiy <Artem.Bityutskiy@nokia.com> Signed-off-by: David Woodhouse <David.Woodhouse@intel.com>
* mtd: Update copyright noticesDavid Woodhouse2010-08-081-1/+16
| | | | Signed-off-by: David Woodhouse <dwmw2@infradead.org>
* mtd: add an ioctl to query the lock status of a flash sectorRichard Cochran2010-08-021-0/+1
| | | | | | | | | | This patchs adds a way for user space programs to find out whether a flash sector is locked. An optional driver method in the mtd_info struct provides the information. Signed-off-by: Richard Cochran <richard.cochran@omicron.at> Signed-off-by: Artem Bityutskiy <Artem.Bityutskiy@nokia.com> Signed-off-by: David Woodhouse <David.Woodhouse@intel.com>
* mtd: add OOB ioctls for >4GiB devicesKevin Cernekee2009-05-291-0/+9
| | | | | | Signed-off-by: Kevin Cernekee <kpc.mtd@gmail.com> Signed-off-by: Artem Bityutskiy <Artem.Bityutskiy@nokia.com> Signed-off-by: David Woodhouse <David.Woodhouse@intel.com>
* mtd: add MEMERASE64 ioctl for >4GiB devicesKevin Cernekee2009-05-291-0/+6
| | | | | | | | | New MEMERASE/MEMREADOOB/MEMWRITEOOB ioctls are needed in order to support 64-bit offsets into large NAND flash devices. Signed-off-by: Kevin Cernekee <kpc.mtd@gmail.com> Signed-off-by: Artem Bityutskiy <Artem.Bityutskiy@nokia.com> Signed-off-by: David Woodhouse <David.Woodhouse@intel.com>
* make MTD headers use strict integer typesArnd Bergmann2009-03-261-32/+34
| | | | | | | | | | | The MTD headers traditionally use stdint types rather than the kernel integer types. This converts them to do the same as all the others. Cc: David Woodhouse <dwmw2@infradead.org> Signed-off-by: Arnd Bergmann <arnd@arndb.de> Signed-off-by: H. Peter Anvin <hpa@linux.intel.com> Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu>
* make exported headers use strict posix typesArnd Bergmann2009-03-261-2/+2
| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | A number of standard posix types are used in exported headers, which is not allowed if __STRICT_KERNEL_NAMES is defined. In order to get rid of the non-__STRICT_KERNEL_NAMES part and to make sane headers the default, we have to change them all to safe types. There are also still some leftovers in reiserfs_fs.h, elfcore.h and coda.h, but these files have not compiled in user space for a long time. This leaves out the various integer types ({u_,u,}int{8,16,32,64}_t), which we take care of separately. Signed-off-by: Arnd Bergmann <arnd@arndb.de> Acked-by: Mauro Carvalho Chehab <mchehab@redhat.com> Cc: David Airlie <airlied@linux.ie> Cc: Arnaldo Carvalho de Melo <acme@ghostprotocols.net> Cc: YOSHIFUJI Hideaki <yoshfuji@linux-ipv6.org> Cc: netdev@vger.kernel.org Cc: linux-ppp@vger.kernel.org Cc: Jaroslav Kysela <perex@perex.cz> Cc: Takashi Iwai <tiwai@suse.de> Cc: David Woodhouse <dwmw2@infradead.org> Signed-off-by: H. Peter Anvin <hpa@linux.intel.com> Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu>
* MTD/JFFS2: remove CVS keywordsAdrian Bunk2008-06-041-2/+0
| | | | | | | | | | | | Once upon a time, the MTD repository was using CVS. This patch therefore removes all usages of the no longer updated CVS keywords from the MTD code. This also includes code that printed them to the user. Signed-off-by: Adrian Bunk <bunk@kernel.org> Signed-off-by: David Woodhouse <dwmw2@infradead.org>
* [MTD] Unlocking all Intel flash that is locked on power up.Justin Treon2008-02-031-1/+1
| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | Patch for unlocking all Intel flash that has instant locking on power up. The patch has been tested on Intel M18, P30 and J3D Strata Flash. 1. The automatic unlocking can be disabled for a particular partition in the map or the command line. a. For the bit mask in the map it should look like: .mask_flags = MTD_POWERUP_LOCK, b. For the command line parsing it should look like: mtdparts=0x80000(bootloader)lk 2. This will only unlock parts with instant individual block locking. Intel parts with legacy unlocking will not be unlocked. Signed-off-by: Justin Treon <justin_treon@yahoo.com> Signed-off-by: Jared Hulbert <jaredeh@gmail.com> Acked-by: Nicolas Pitre <nico@cam.org> Signed-off-by: David Woodhouse <dwmw2@infradead.org>
* UBI: Unsorted Block ImagesArtem B. Bityutskiy2007-04-271-0/+1
| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | UBI (Latin: "where?") manages multiple logical volumes on a single flash device, specifically supporting NAND flash devices. UBI provides a flexible partitioning concept which still allows for wear-levelling across the whole flash device. In a sense, UBI may be compared to the Logical Volume Manager (LVM). Whereas LVM maps logical sector numbers to physical HDD sector numbers, UBI maps logical eraseblocks to physical eraseblocks. More information may be found at http://www.linux-mtd.infradead.org/doc/ubi.html Partitioning/Re-partitioning An UBI volume occupies a certain number of erase blocks. This is limited by a configured maximum volume size, which could also be viewed as the partition size. Each individual UBI volume's size can be changed independently of the other UBI volumes, provided that the sum of all volume sizes doesn't exceed a certain limit. UBI supports dynamic volumes and static volumes. Static volumes are read-only and their contents are protected by CRC check sums. Bad eraseblocks handling UBI transparently handles bad eraseblocks. When a physical eraseblock becomes bad, it is substituted by a good physical eraseblock, and the user does not even notice this. Scrubbing On a NAND flash bit flips can occur on any write operation, sometimes also on read. If bit flips persist on the device, at first they can still be corrected by ECC, but once they accumulate, correction will become impossible. Thus it is best to actively scrub the affected eraseblock, by first copying it to a free eraseblock and then erasing the original. The UBI layer performs this type of scrubbing under the covers, transparently to the UBI volume users. Erase Counts UBI maintains an erase count header per eraseblock. This frees higher-level layers (like file systems) from doing this and allows for centralized erase count management instead. The erase counts are used by the wear-levelling algorithm in the UBI layer. The algorithm itself is exchangeable. Booting from NAND For booting directly from NAND flash the hardware must at least be capable of fetching and executing a small portion of the NAND flash. Some NAND flash controllers have this kind of support. They usually limit the window to a few kilobytes in erase block 0. This "initial program loader" (IPL) must then contain sufficient logic to load and execute the next boot phase. Due to bad eraseblocks, which may be randomly scattered over the flash device, it is problematic to store the "secondary program loader" (SPL) statically. Also, due to bit-flips it may become corrupted over time. UBI allows to solve this problem gracefully by storing the SPL in a small static UBI volume. UBI volumes vs. static partitions UBI volumes are still very similar to static MTD partitions: * both consist of eraseblocks (logical eraseblocks in case of UBI volumes, and physical eraseblocks in case of static partitions; * both support three basic operations - read, write, erase. But UBI volumes have the following advantages over traditional static MTD partitions: * there are no eraseblock wear-leveling constraints in case of UBI volumes, so the user should not care about this; * there are no bit-flips and bad eraseblocks in case of UBI volumes. So, UBI volumes may be considered as flash devices with relaxed restrictions. Where can it be found? Documentation, kernel code and applications can be found in the MTD gits. What are the applications for? The applications help to create binary flash images for two purposes: pfi files (partial flash images) for in-system update of UBI volumes, and plain binary images, with or without OOB data in case of NAND, for a manufacturing step. Furthermore some tools are/and will be created that allow flash content analysis after a system has crashed.. Who did UBI? The original ideas, where UBI is based on, were developed by Andreas Arnez, Frank Haverkamp and Thomas Gleixner. Josh W. Boyer and some others were involved too. The implementation of the kernel layer was done by Artem B. Bityutskiy. The user-space applications and tools were written by Oliver Lohmann with contributions from Frank Haverkamp, Andreas Arnez, and Artem. Joern Engel contributed a patch which modifies JFFS2 so that it can be run on a UBI volume. Thomas Gleixner did modifications to the NAND layer. Alexander Schmidt made some testing work as well as core functionality improvements. Signed-off-by: Artem B. Bityutskiy <dedekind@linutronix.de> Signed-off-by: Frank Haverkamp <haver@vnet.ibm.com>
* [MTD] remove unused ecctype,eccsize fields from struct mtd_infoArtem Bityutskiy2007-02-091-6/+2
| | | | | | | | | | | | Remove unused and broken mtd->ecctype and mtd->eccsize fields from struct mtd_info. Do not remove them from userspace API data structures (don't want to breake userspace) but mark them as obsolete by a comment. Any userspace program which uses them should be half-broken anyway, so this is more about saving data structure size. Signed-off-by: Artem Bityutskiy <Artem.Bityutskiy@nokia.com> Signed-off-by: David Woodhouse <dwmw2@infradead.org>
* [MTD] Remove #ifndef __KERNEL__ hack in <mtd/mtd-abi.h>David Woodhouse2006-09-251-6/+0
| | | | | | Now that we have headers_install, we don't need this crap. Signed-off-by: David Woodhouse <dwmw2@infradead.org>
* [MTD] Unlock NOR flash automatically where necessaryHåvard Skinnemoen2006-09-221-0/+1
| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | Introduce the MTD_STUPID_LOCK flag which indicates that the flash chip is always locked after power-up, so all sectors need to be unlocked before it is usable. If this flag is set, and the chip provides an unlock() operation, mtd_add_device will unlock the whole MTD device if it's writeable. This means that non-writeable partitions will stay locked. Set MTD_STUPID_LOCK in fixup_use_atmel_lock() so that these chips will work as expected. Signed-off-by: Håvard Skinnemoen <hskinnemoen@atmel.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@osdl.org> Signed-off-by: David Woodhouse <dwmw2@infradead.org>
* MTD: kernel-doc fixes + additionsRandy Dunlap2006-06-291-1/+1
| | | | | | | | | Fix some kernel-doc typos/spellos. Use kernel-doc syntax in places where it was almost used. Correct/add struct, struct field, and function param names where needed. Signed-off-by: Randy Dunlap <rdunlap@xenotime.net> Signed-off-by: David Woodhouse <dwmw2@infradead.org>
* Merge git://git.infradead.org/hdrcleanup-2.6Linus Torvalds2006-06-201-2/+3
|\ | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | * git://git.infradead.org/hdrcleanup-2.6: (63 commits) [S390] __FD_foo definitions. Switch to __s32 types in joystick.h instead of C99 types for consistency. Add <sys/types.h> to headers included for userspace in <linux/input.h> Move inclusion of <linux/compat.h> out of user scope in asm-x86_64/mtrr.h Remove struct fddi_statistics from user view in <linux/if_fddi.h> Move user-visible parts of drivers/s390/crypto/z90crypt.h to include/asm-s390 Revert include/media changes: Mauro says those ioctls are only used in-kernel(!) Include <linux/types.h> and use __uXX types in <linux/cramfs_fs.h> Use __uXX types in <linux/i2o_dev.h>, include <linux/ioctl.h> too Remove private struct dx_hash_info from public view in <linux/ext3_fs.h> Include <linux/types.h> and use __uXX types in <linux/affs_hardblocks.h> Use __uXX types in <linux/divert.h> for struct divert_blk et al. Use __u32 for elf_addr_t in <asm-powerpc/elf.h>, not u32. It's user-visible. Remove PPP_FCS from user view in <linux/ppp_defs.h>, remove __P mess entirely Use __uXX types in user-visible structures in <linux/nbd.h> Don't use 'u32' in user-visible struct ip_conntrack_old_tuple. Use __uXX types for S390 DASD volume label definitions which are user-visible S390 BIODASDREADCMB ioctl should use __u64 not u64 type. Remove unneeded inclusion of <linux/time.h> from <linux/ufs_fs.h> Fix private integer types used in V4L2 ioctls. ... Manually resolve conflict in include/linux/mtd/physmap.h
| * Move comment in mtd-abi.h to stop confusing unifdefDavid Woodhouse2006-04-251-2/+3
| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | Currently, unifdef removes the comment which starts on the same line as the #ifdef __KERNEL__, but leaves the second line of the comment in place. Move the comment onto a separate line. Signed-off-by: David Woodhouse <dwmw2@infradead.org>
* | [MTD] Restore MTD_ROM and MTD_RAM typesDavid Woodhouse2006-06-141-1/+2
| | | | | | | | | | | | | | Let's not attempt the abolition of mtd->type until/unless it's properly thought through. And certainly, let's not do it by halves. Signed-off-by: David Woodhouse <dwmw2@infradead.org>
* | [MTD] replace MTD_RAM with MTD_GENERIC_TYPEJoern Engel2006-05-301-2/+2
| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | Ram devices get the extra capability of MTD_NO_ERASE - not requiring an explicit erase before writing to it. Currently only mtdblock uses this capability. Rest of the patch is a simple text replacement. Signed-off-by: Joern Engel <joern@wh.fh-wedel.de>
* | [MTD] replace MTD_ROM with MTD_GENERIC_TYPEJoern Engel2006-05-301-1/+1
| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | No mtd user should ever check for the device type. Instead, device features should be checked by the flags - if at all. As a first step towards type removal, change MTD_ROM into MTD_GENERIC_TYPE. Signed-off-by: Joern Engel <joern@wh.fh-wedel.de>
* | [MTD] NAND Expose the new raw mode function and status info to userspaceThomas Gleixner2006-05-301-0/+27
| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | The raw read/write access to NAND (without ECC) has been changed in the NAND rework. Expose the new way - setting the file mode via ioctl - to userspace. Also allow to read out the ecc statistics information so userspace tools can see that bitflips happened and whether errors where correctable or not. Also expose the number of bad blocks for the partition, so nandwrite can check if the data fits into the parition before writing to it. Signed-off-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
* | [MTD] NAND Replace oobinfo by ecclayoutThomas Gleixner2006-05-291-7/+29
| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | The nand_oobinfo structure is not fitting the newer error correction demands anymore. Replace it by struct nand_ecclayout and fixup the users all over the place. Keep the nand_oobinfo based ioctl for user space compability reasons. Signed-off-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
* | [MTD] Introduce MTD_BIT_WRITEABLEJoern Engel2006-05-221-4/+3
| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | o Add a flag MTD_BIT_WRITEABLE for devices that allow single bits to be cleared. o Replace MTD_PROGRAM_REGIONS with a cleared MTD_BIT_WRITEABLE flag for STMicro and Intel Sibley flashes with internal ECC. Those flashes disallow clearing of single bits, unlike regular NOR flashes, so the new flag models their behaviour better. o Remove MTD_ECC. After the STMicro/Sibley merge, this flag is only set and never checked. Signed-off-by: Joern Engel <joern@wh.fh-wedel.de>
* | [MTD] Introduce writesizeJoern Engel2006-05-221-1/+1
| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | At least two flashes exists that have the concept of a minimum write unit, similar to NAND pages, but no other NAND characteristics. Therefore, rename the minimum write unit to "writesize" for all flashes, including NAND. Signed-off-by: Joern Engel <joern@wh.fh-wedel.de>
* | [MTD] Use single flag to mark writeable devices.Joern Engel2006-05-221-6/+4
| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | Two flags exist to decide whether a device is writeable or not. None of those two flags is checked for independently, so they are clearly redundant, if not an invitation to bugs. This patch removed both of them, replacing them with a single new flag. Signed-off-by: Joern Engel <joern@wh.fh-wedel.de>
* | Remove unused MTD typesJörn Engel2006-04-171-3/+0
| | | | | | | | | | | | | | Three types are never set or checked for. Remove. Signed-off-by: Jörn Engel <joern@wohnheim.fh-wedel.de> Signed-off-by: David Woodhouse <dwmw2@infradead.org>
* | Remove unchecked MTD flagsJörn Engel2006-04-171-9/+3
|/ | | | | | | Several flags are set by some devices, but never checked. Remove them. Signed-off-by: Jörn Engel <joern@wohnheim.fh-wedel.de> Signed-off-by: David Woodhouse <dwmw2@infradead.org>
* [MTD] user-abi: Clean up trailing white spacesThomas Gleixner2005-11-071-3/+3
| | | | Signed-off-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
* {MTD] add support for Intel's "Sibley" flashNicolas Pitre2005-11-061-1/+2
| | | | | | | | | | | | | This updates the Primary Vendor-Specific Extended Query parsing to version 1.4 in order to get the information about the Configurable Programming Mode regions implemented in the Sibley flash, as well as selecting the appropriate write command code. This flash does not behave like traditional NOR flash when writing data. While mtdblock should just work, further changes are needed for JFFS2 use. Signed-off-by: Nicolas Pitre <nico@cam.org> Signed-off-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
* [MTD] NAND: Honour autoplacement schemes supplied by the callerThomas Gleixner2005-05-231-1/+2
| | | | Signed-off-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
* [JFFS2] Add support for JFFS2-on-Dataflash devices.Andrew Victor2005-05-231-1/+2
| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | For Dataflash, can_mark_obsolete = false and the NAND write buffering code (wbuf.c) is used. Since the DataFlash chip will automatically erase pages when writing, the cleanmarkers are not needed - so cleanmarker_oob = false and cleanmarker_size = 0 DataFlash page-sizes are not a power of two (they're multiples of 528 bytes). The SECTOR_ADDR macro (added in the previous core patch) is replaced with a (slower) div/mod version if CONFIG_JFFS2_FS_DATAFLASH is selected. Signed-off-by: Andrew Victor <andrew@sanpeople.com> Signed-off-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
* [MTD] User interface to Protection RegistersNicolas Pitre2005-05-231-1/+10
| | | | | | | | | | | This is implemented using a ioctl to switch the MTD char device into one of the different OTP "modes", at which point read/write/seek can operate on the selected OTP area. Also some extra ioctls to query for size and lock protection segments or groups. Some example user space utilities are provided. Signed-off-by: Nicolas Pitre <nico@cam.org> Signed-off-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
* [MTD] Support for protection register support on Intel FLASH chipsNicolas Pitre2005-05-231-1/+7
| | | | | | | | | | This enables support for reading, writing and locking so called "Protection Registers" present on some flash chips. A subset of them are pre-programmed at the factory with a unique set of values. The rest is user-programmable. Signed-off-by: Nicolas Pitre <nico@cam.org> Signed-off-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
* Linux-2.6.12-rc2v2.6.12-rc2Linus Torvalds2005-04-161-0/+103
Initial git repository build. I'm not bothering with the full history, even though we have it. We can create a separate "historical" git archive of that later if we want to, and in the meantime it's about 3.2GB when imported into git - space that would just make the early git days unnecessarily complicated, when we don't have a lot of good infrastructure for it. Let it rip!