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+/*
+ * Copyright 2010 Tilera Corporation. All Rights Reserved.
+ *
+ * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
+ * modify it under the terms of the GNU General Public License
+ * as published by the Free Software Foundation, version 2.
+ *
+ * This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but
+ * WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
+ * MERCHANTABILITY OR FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE, GOOD TITLE or
+ * NON INFRINGEMENT. See the GNU General Public License for
+ * more details.
+ */
+
+/**
+ * NetIO interface structures and macros.
+ */
+
+#ifndef __NETIO_INTF_H__
+#define __NETIO_INTF_H__
+
+#include <hv/netio_errors.h>
+
+#ifdef __KERNEL__
+#include <linux/types.h>
+#else
+#include <stdint.h>
+#endif
+
+#if !defined(__HV__) && !defined(__BOGUX__) && !defined(__KERNEL__)
+#include <assert.h>
+#define netio_assert assert /**< Enable assertions from macros */
+#else
+#define netio_assert(...) ((void)(0)) /**< Disable assertions from macros */
+#endif
+
+/*
+ * If none of these symbols are defined, we're building libnetio in an
+ * environment where we have pthreads, so we'll enable locking.
+ */
+#if !defined(__HV__) && !defined(__BOGUX__) && !defined(__KERNEL__) && \
+ !defined(__NEWLIB__)
+#define _NETIO_PTHREAD /**< Include a mutex in netio_queue_t below */
+
+/*
+ * If NETIO_UNLOCKED is defined, we don't do use per-cpu locks on
+ * per-packet NetIO operations. We still do pthread locking on things
+ * like netio_input_register, though. This is used for building
+ * libnetio_unlocked.
+ */
+#ifndef NETIO_UNLOCKED
+
+/* Avoid PLT overhead by using our own inlined per-cpu lock. */
+#include <sched.h>
+typedef int _netio_percpu_mutex_t;
+
+static __inline int
+_netio_percpu_mutex_init(_netio_percpu_mutex_t* lock)
+{
+ *lock = 0;
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static __inline int
+_netio_percpu_mutex_lock(_netio_percpu_mutex_t* lock)
+{
+ while (__builtin_expect(__insn_tns(lock), 0))
+ sched_yield();
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static __inline int
+_netio_percpu_mutex_unlock(_netio_percpu_mutex_t* lock)
+{
+ *lock = 0;
+ return 0;
+}
+
+#else /* NETIO_UNLOCKED */
+
+/* Don't do any locking for per-packet NetIO operations. */
+typedef int _netio_percpu_mutex_t;
+#define _netio_percpu_mutex_init(L)
+#define _netio_percpu_mutex_lock(L)
+#define _netio_percpu_mutex_unlock(L)
+
+#endif /* NETIO_UNLOCKED */
+#endif /* !__HV__, !__BOGUX, !__KERNEL__, !__NEWLIB__ */
+
+/** How many tiles can register for a given queue.
+ * @ingroup setup */
+#define NETIO_MAX_TILES_PER_QUEUE 64
+
+
+/** Largest permissible queue identifier.
+ * @ingroup setup */
+#define NETIO_MAX_QUEUE_ID 255
+
+
+#ifndef __DOXYGEN__
+
+/* Metadata packet checksum/ethertype flags. */
+
+/** The L4 checksum has not been calculated. */
+#define _NETIO_PKT_NO_L4_CSUM_SHIFT 0
+#define _NETIO_PKT_NO_L4_CSUM_RMASK 1
+#define _NETIO_PKT_NO_L4_CSUM_MASK \
+ (_NETIO_PKT_NO_L4_CSUM_RMASK << _NETIO_PKT_NO_L4_CSUM_SHIFT)
+
+/** The L3 checksum has not been calculated. */
+#define _NETIO_PKT_NO_L3_CSUM_SHIFT 1
+#define _NETIO_PKT_NO_L3_CSUM_RMASK 1
+#define _NETIO_PKT_NO_L3_CSUM_MASK \
+ (_NETIO_PKT_NO_L3_CSUM_RMASK << _NETIO_PKT_NO_L3_CSUM_SHIFT)
+
+/** The L3 checksum is incorrect (or perhaps has not been calculated). */
+#define _NETIO_PKT_BAD_L3_CSUM_SHIFT 2
+#define _NETIO_PKT_BAD_L3_CSUM_RMASK 1
+#define _NETIO_PKT_BAD_L3_CSUM_MASK \
+ (_NETIO_PKT_BAD_L3_CSUM_RMASK << _NETIO_PKT_BAD_L3_CSUM_SHIFT)
+
+/** The Ethernet packet type is unrecognized. */
+#define _NETIO_PKT_TYPE_UNRECOGNIZED_SHIFT 3
+#define _NETIO_PKT_TYPE_UNRECOGNIZED_RMASK 1
+#define _NETIO_PKT_TYPE_UNRECOGNIZED_MASK \
+ (_NETIO_PKT_TYPE_UNRECOGNIZED_RMASK << \
+ _NETIO_PKT_TYPE_UNRECOGNIZED_SHIFT)
+
+/* Metadata packet type flags. */
+
+/** Where the packet type bits are; this field is the index into
+ * _netio_pkt_info. */
+#define _NETIO_PKT_TYPE_SHIFT 4
+#define _NETIO_PKT_TYPE_RMASK 0x3F
+
+/** How many VLAN tags the packet has, and, if we have two, which one we
+ * actually grouped on. A VLAN within a proprietary (Marvell or Broadcom)
+ * tag is counted here. */
+#define _NETIO_PKT_VLAN_SHIFT 4
+#define _NETIO_PKT_VLAN_RMASK 0x3
+#define _NETIO_PKT_VLAN_MASK \
+ (_NETIO_PKT_VLAN_RMASK << _NETIO_PKT_VLAN_SHIFT)
+#define _NETIO_PKT_VLAN_NONE 0 /* No VLAN tag. */
+#define _NETIO_PKT_VLAN_ONE 1 /* One VLAN tag. */
+#define _NETIO_PKT_VLAN_TWO_OUTER 2 /* Two VLAN tags, outer one used. */
+#define _NETIO_PKT_VLAN_TWO_INNER 3 /* Two VLAN tags, inner one used. */
+
+/** Which proprietary tags the packet has. */
+#define _NETIO_PKT_TAG_SHIFT 6
+#define _NETIO_PKT_TAG_RMASK 0x3
+#define _NETIO_PKT_TAG_MASK \
+ (_NETIO_PKT_TAG_RMASK << _NETIO_PKT_TAG_SHIFT)
+#define _NETIO_PKT_TAG_NONE 0 /* No proprietary tags. */
+#define _NETIO_PKT_TAG_MRVL 1 /* Marvell HyperG.Stack tags. */
+#define _NETIO_PKT_TAG_MRVL_EXT 2 /* HyperG.Stack extended tags. */
+#define _NETIO_PKT_TAG_BRCM 3 /* Broadcom HiGig tags. */
+
+/** Whether a packet has an LLC + SNAP header. */
+#define _NETIO_PKT_SNAP_SHIFT 8
+#define _NETIO_PKT_SNAP_RMASK 0x1
+#define _NETIO_PKT_SNAP_MASK \
+ (_NETIO_PKT_SNAP_RMASK << _NETIO_PKT_SNAP_SHIFT)
+
+/* NOTE: Bits 9 and 10 are unused. */
+
+/** Length of any custom data before the L2 header, in words. */
+#define _NETIO_PKT_CUSTOM_LEN_SHIFT 11
+#define _NETIO_PKT_CUSTOM_LEN_RMASK 0x1F
+#define _NETIO_PKT_CUSTOM_LEN_MASK \
+ (_NETIO_PKT_CUSTOM_LEN_RMASK << _NETIO_PKT_CUSTOM_LEN_SHIFT)
+
+/** The L4 checksum is incorrect (or perhaps has not been calculated). */
+#define _NETIO_PKT_BAD_L4_CSUM_SHIFT 16
+#define _NETIO_PKT_BAD_L4_CSUM_RMASK 0x1
+#define _NETIO_PKT_BAD_L4_CSUM_MASK \
+ (_NETIO_PKT_BAD_L4_CSUM_RMASK << _NETIO_PKT_BAD_L4_CSUM_SHIFT)
+
+/** Length of the L2 header, in words. */
+#define _NETIO_PKT_L2_LEN_SHIFT 17
+#define _NETIO_PKT_L2_LEN_RMASK 0x1F
+#define _NETIO_PKT_L2_LEN_MASK \
+ (_NETIO_PKT_L2_LEN_RMASK << _NETIO_PKT_L2_LEN_SHIFT)
+
+
+/* Flags in minimal packet metadata. */
+
+/** We need an eDMA checksum on this packet. */
+#define _NETIO_PKT_NEED_EDMA_CSUM_SHIFT 0
+#define _NETIO_PKT_NEED_EDMA_CSUM_RMASK 1
+#define _NETIO_PKT_NEED_EDMA_CSUM_MASK \
+ (_NETIO_PKT_NEED_EDMA_CSUM_RMASK << _NETIO_PKT_NEED_EDMA_CSUM_SHIFT)
+
+/* Data within the packet information table. */
+
+/* Note that, for efficiency, code which uses these fields assumes that none
+ * of the shift values below are zero. See uses below for an explanation. */
+
+/** Offset within the L2 header of the innermost ethertype (in halfwords). */
+#define _NETIO_PKT_INFO_ETYPE_SHIFT 6
+#define _NETIO_PKT_INFO_ETYPE_RMASK 0x1F
+
+/** Offset within the L2 header of the VLAN tag (in halfwords). */
+#define _NETIO_PKT_INFO_VLAN_SHIFT 11
+#define _NETIO_PKT_INFO_VLAN_RMASK 0x1F
+
+#endif
+
+
+/** The size of a memory buffer representing a small packet.
+ * @ingroup egress */
+#define SMALL_PACKET_SIZE 256
+
+/** The size of a memory buffer representing a large packet.
+ * @ingroup egress */
+#define LARGE_PACKET_SIZE 2048
+
+/** The size of a memory buffer representing a jumbo packet.
+ * @ingroup egress */
+#define JUMBO_PACKET_SIZE (12 * 1024)
+
+
+/* Common ethertypes.
+ * @ingroup ingress */
+/** @{ */
+/** The ethertype of IPv4. */
+#define ETHERTYPE_IPv4 (0x0800)
+/** The ethertype of ARP. */
+#define ETHERTYPE_ARP (0x0806)
+/** The ethertype of VLANs. */
+#define ETHERTYPE_VLAN (0x8100)
+/** The ethertype of a Q-in-Q header. */
+#define ETHERTYPE_Q_IN_Q (0x9100)
+/** The ethertype of IPv6. */
+#define ETHERTYPE_IPv6 (0x86DD)
+/** The ethertype of MPLS. */
+#define ETHERTYPE_MPLS (0x8847)
+/** @} */
+
+
+/** The possible return values of NETIO_PKT_STATUS.
+ * @ingroup ingress
+ */
+typedef enum
+{
+ /** No problems were detected with this packet. */
+ NETIO_PKT_STATUS_OK,
+ /** The packet is undersized; this is expected behavior if the packet's
+ * ethertype is unrecognized, but otherwise the packet is likely corrupt. */
+ NETIO_PKT_STATUS_UNDERSIZE,
+ /** The packet is oversized and some trailing bytes have been discarded.
+ This is expected behavior for short packets, since it's impossible to
+ precisely determine the amount of padding which may have been added to
+ them to make them meet the minimum Ethernet packet size. */
+ NETIO_PKT_STATUS_OVERSIZE,
+ /** The packet was judged to be corrupt by hardware (for instance, it had
+ a bad CRC, or part of it was discarded due to lack of buffer space in
+ the I/O shim) and should be discarded. */
+ NETIO_PKT_STATUS_BAD
+} netio_pkt_status_t;
+
+
+/** Log2 of how many buckets we have. */
+#define NETIO_LOG2_NUM_BUCKETS (10)
+
+/** How many buckets we have.
+ * @ingroup ingress */
+#define NETIO_NUM_BUCKETS (1 << NETIO_LOG2_NUM_BUCKETS)
+
+
+/**
+ * @brief A group-to-bucket identifier.
+ *
+ * @ingroup setup
+ *
+ * This tells us what to do with a given group.
+ */
+typedef union {
+ /** The header broken down into bits. */
+ struct {
+ /** Whether we should balance on L4, if available */
+ unsigned int __balance_on_l4:1;
+ /** Whether we should balance on L3, if available */
+ unsigned int __balance_on_l3:1;
+ /** Whether we should balance on L2, if available */
+ unsigned int __balance_on_l2:1;
+ /** Reserved for future use */
+ unsigned int __reserved:1;
+ /** The base bucket to use to send traffic */
+ unsigned int __bucket_base:NETIO_LOG2_NUM_BUCKETS;
+ /** The mask to apply to the balancing value. This must be one less
+ * than a power of two, e.g. 0x3 or 0xFF.
+ */
+ unsigned int __bucket_mask:NETIO_LOG2_NUM_BUCKETS;
+ /** Pad to 32 bits */
+ unsigned int __padding:(32 - 4 - 2 * NETIO_LOG2_NUM_BUCKETS);
+ } bits;
+ /** To send out the IDN. */
+ unsigned int word;
+}
+netio_group_t;
+
+
+/**
+ * @brief A VLAN-to-bucket identifier.
+ *
+ * @ingroup setup
+ *
+ * This tells us what to do with a given VLAN.
+ */
+typedef netio_group_t netio_vlan_t;
+
+
+/**
+ * A bucket-to-queue mapping.
+ * @ingroup setup
+ */
+typedef unsigned char netio_bucket_t;
+
+
+/**
+ * A packet size can always fit in a netio_size_t.
+ * @ingroup setup
+ */
+typedef unsigned int netio_size_t;
+
+
+/**
+ * @brief Ethernet standard (ingress) packet metadata.
+ *
+ * @ingroup ingress
+ *
+ * This is additional data associated with each packet.
+ * This structure is opaque and accessed through the @ref ingress.
+ *
+ * Also, the buffer population operation currently assumes that standard
+ * metadata is at least as large as minimal metadata, and will need to be
+ * modified if that is no longer the case.
+ */
+typedef struct
+{
+#ifdef __DOXYGEN__
+ /** This structure is opaque. */
+ unsigned char opaque[24];
+#else
+ /** The overall ordinal of the packet */
+ unsigned int __packet_ordinal;
+ /** The ordinal of the packet within the group */
+ unsigned int __group_ordinal;
+ /** The best flow hash IPP could compute. */
+ unsigned int __flow_hash;
+ /** Flags pertaining to checksum calculation, packet type, etc. */
+ unsigned int __flags;
+ /** The first word of "user data". */
+ unsigned int __user_data_0;
+ /** The second word of "user data". */
+ unsigned int __user_data_1;
+#endif
+}
+netio_pkt_metadata_t;
+
+
+/** To ensure that the L3 header is aligned mod 4, the L2 header should be
+ * aligned mod 4 plus 2, since every supported L2 header is 4n + 2 bytes
+ * long. The standard way to do this is to simply add 2 bytes of padding
+ * before the L2 header.
+ */
+#define NETIO_PACKET_PADDING 2
+
+
+
+/**
+ * @brief Ethernet minimal (egress) packet metadata.
+ *
+ * @ingroup egress
+ *
+ * This structure represents information about packets which have
+ * been processed by @ref netio_populate_buffer() or
+ * @ref netio_populate_prepend_buffer(). This structure is opaque
+ * and accessed through the @ref egress.
+ *
+ * @internal This structure is actually copied into the memory used by
+ * standard metadata, which is assumed to be large enough.
+ */
+typedef struct
+{
+#ifdef __DOXYGEN__
+ /** This structure is opaque. */
+ unsigned char opaque[14];
+#else
+ /** The offset of the L2 header from the start of the packet data. */
+ unsigned short l2_offset;
+ /** The offset of the L3 header from the start of the packet data. */
+ unsigned short l3_offset;
+ /** Where to write the checksum. */
+ unsigned char csum_location;
+ /** Where to start checksumming from. */
+ unsigned char csum_start;
+ /** Flags pertaining to checksum calculation etc. */
+ unsigned short flags;
+ /** The L2 length of the packet. */
+ unsigned short l2_length;
+ /** The checksum with which to seed the checksum generator. */
+ unsigned short csum_seed;
+ /** How much to checksum. */
+ unsigned short csum_length;
+#endif
+}
+netio_pkt_minimal_metadata_t;
+
+
+#ifndef __DOXYGEN__
+
+/**
+ * @brief An I/O notification header.
+ *
+ * This is the first word of data received from an I/O shim in a notification
+ * packet. It contains framing and status information.
+ */
+typedef union
+{
+ unsigned int word; /**< The whole word. */
+ /** The various fields. */
+ struct
+ {
+ unsigned int __channel:7; /**< Resource channel. */
+ unsigned int __type:4; /**< Type. */
+ unsigned int __ack:1; /**< Whether an acknowledgement is needed. */
+ unsigned int __reserved:1; /**< Reserved. */
+ unsigned int __protocol:1; /**< A protocol-specific word is added. */
+ unsigned int __status:2; /**< Status of the transfer. */
+ unsigned int __framing:2; /**< Framing of the transfer. */
+ unsigned int __transfer_size:14; /**< Transfer size in bytes (total). */
+ } bits;
+}
+__netio_pkt_notif_t;
+
+
+/**
+ * Returns the base address of the packet.
+ */
+#define _NETIO_PKT_HANDLE_BASE(p) \
+ ((unsigned char*)((p).word & 0xFFFFFFC0))
+
+/**
+ * Returns the base address of the packet.
+ */
+#define _NETIO_PKT_BASE(p) \
+ _NETIO_PKT_HANDLE_BASE(p->__packet)
+
+/**
+ * @brief An I/O notification packet (second word)
+ *
+ * This is the second word of data received from an I/O shim in a notification
+ * packet. This is the virtual address of the packet buffer, plus some flag
+ * bits. (The virtual address of the packet is always 256-byte aligned so we
+ * have room for 8 bits' worth of flags in the low 8 bits.)
+ *
+ * @internal
+ * NOTE: The low two bits must contain "__queue", so the "packet size"
+ * (SIZE_SMALL, SIZE_LARGE, or SIZE_JUMBO) can be determined quickly.
+ *
+ * If __addr or __offset are moved, _NETIO_PKT_BASE
+ * (defined right below this) must be changed.
+ */
+typedef union
+{
+ unsigned int word; /**< The whole word. */
+ /** The various fields. */
+ struct
+ {
+ /** Which queue the packet will be returned to once it is sent back to
+ the IPP. This is one of the SIZE_xxx values. */
+ unsigned int __queue:2;
+
+ /** The IPP handle of the sending IPP. */
+ unsigned int __ipp_handle:2;
+
+ /** Reserved for future use. */
+ unsigned int __reserved:1;
+
+ /** If 1, this packet has minimal (egress) metadata; otherwise, it
+ has standard (ingress) metadata. */
+ unsigned int __minimal:1;
+
+ /** Offset of the metadata within the packet. This value is multiplied
+ * by 64 and added to the base packet address to get the metadata
+ * address. Note that this field is aligned within the word such that
+ * you can easily extract the metadata address with a 26-bit mask. */
+ unsigned int __offset:2;
+
+ /** The top 24 bits of the packet's virtual address. */
+ unsigned int __addr:24;
+ } bits;
+}
+__netio_pkt_handle_t;
+
+#endif /* !__DOXYGEN__ */
+
+
+/**
+ * @brief A handle for an I/O packet's storage.
+ * @ingroup ingress
+ *
+ * netio_pkt_handle_t encodes the concept of a ::netio_pkt_t with its
+ * packet metadata removed. It is a much smaller type that exists to
+ * facilitate applications where the full ::netio_pkt_t type is too
+ * large, such as those that cache enormous numbers of packets or wish
+ * to transmit packet descriptors over the UDN.
+ *
+ * Because there is no metadata, most ::netio_pkt_t operations cannot be
+ * performed on a netio_pkt_handle_t. It supports only
+ * netio_free_handle() (to free the buffer) and
+ * NETIO_PKT_CUSTOM_DATA_H() (to access a pointer to its contents).
+ * The application must acquire any additional metadata it wants from the
+ * original ::netio_pkt_t and record it separately.
+ *
+ * A netio_pkt_handle_t can be extracted from a ::netio_pkt_t by calling
+ * NETIO_PKT_HANDLE(). An invalid handle (analogous to NULL) can be
+ * created by assigning the value ::NETIO_PKT_HANDLE_NONE. A handle can
+ * be tested for validity with NETIO_PKT_HANDLE_IS_VALID().
+ */
+typedef struct
+{
+ unsigned int word; /**< Opaque bits. */
+} netio_pkt_handle_t;
+
+/**
+ * @brief A packet descriptor.
+ *
+ * @ingroup ingress
+ * @ingroup egress
+ *
+ * This data structure represents a packet. The structure is manipulated
+ * through the @ref ingress and the @ref egress.
+ *
+ * While the contents of a netio_pkt_t are opaque, the structure itself is
+ * portable. This means that it may be shared between all tiles which have
+ * done a netio_input_register() call for the interface on which the pkt_t
+ * was initially received (via netio_get_packet()) or retrieved (via
+ * netio_get_buffer()). The contents of a netio_pkt_t can be transmitted to
+ * another tile via shared memory, or via a UDN message, or by other means.
+ * The destination tile may then use the pkt_t as if it had originally been
+ * received locally; it may read or write the packet's data, read its
+ * metadata, free the packet, send the packet, transfer the netio_pkt_t to
+ * yet another tile, and so forth.
+ *
+ * Once a netio_pkt_t has been transferred to a second tile, the first tile
+ * should not reference the original copy; in particular, if more than one
+ * tile frees or sends the same netio_pkt_t, the IPP's packet free lists will
+ * become corrupted. Note also that each tile which reads or modifies
+ * packet data must obey the memory coherency rules outlined in @ref input.
+ */
+typedef struct
+{
+#ifdef __DOXYGEN__
+ /** This structure is opaque. */
+ unsigned char opaque[32];
+#else
+ /** For an ingress packet (one with standard metadata), this is the
+ * notification header we got from the I/O shim. For an egress packet
+ * (one with minimal metadata), this word is zero if the packet has not
+ * been populated, and nonzero if it has. */
+ __netio_pkt_notif_t __notif_header;
+
+ /** Virtual address of the packet buffer, plus state flags. */
+ __netio_pkt_handle_t __packet;
+
+ /** Metadata associated with the packet. */
+ netio_pkt_metadata_t __metadata;
+#endif
+}
+netio_pkt_t;
+
+
+#ifndef __DOXYGEN__
+
+#define __NETIO_PKT_NOTIF_HEADER(pkt) ((pkt)->__notif_header)
+#define __NETIO_PKT_IPP_HANDLE(pkt) ((pkt)->__packet.bits.__ipp_handle)
+#define __NETIO_PKT_QUEUE(pkt) ((pkt)->__packet.bits.__queue)
+#define __NETIO_PKT_NOTIF_HEADER_M(mda, pkt) ((pkt)->__notif_header)
+#define __NETIO_PKT_IPP_HANDLE_M(mda, pkt) ((pkt)->__packet.bits.__ipp_handle)
+#define __NETIO_PKT_MINIMAL(pkt) ((pkt)->__packet.bits.__minimal)
+#define __NETIO_PKT_QUEUE_M(mda, pkt) ((pkt)->__packet.bits.__queue)
+#define __NETIO_PKT_FLAGS_M(mda, pkt) ((mda)->__flags)
+
+/* Packet information table, used by the attribute access functions below. */
+extern const uint16_t _netio_pkt_info[];
+
+#endif /* __DOXYGEN__ */
+
+
+#ifndef __DOXYGEN__
+/* These macros are deprecated and will disappear in a future MDE release. */
+#define NETIO_PKT_GOOD_CHECKSUM(pkt) \
+ NETIO_PKT_L4_CSUM_CORRECT(pkt)
+#define NETIO_PKT_GOOD_CHECKSUM_M(mda, pkt) \
+ NETIO_PKT_L4_CSUM_CORRECT_M(mda, pkt)
+#endif /* __DOXYGEN__ */
+
+
+/* Packet attribute access functions. */
+
+/** Return a pointer to the metadata for a packet.
+ * @ingroup ingress
+ *
+ * Calling this function once and passing the result to other retrieval
+ * functions with a "_M" suffix usually improves performance. This
+ * function must be called on an 'ingress' packet (i.e. one retrieved
+ * by @ref netio_get_packet(), on which @ref netio_populate_buffer() or
+ * @ref netio_populate_prepend_buffer have not been called). Use of this
+ * function on an 'egress' packet will cause an assertion failure.
+ *
+ * @param[in] pkt Packet on which to operate.
+ * @return A pointer to the packet's standard metadata.
+ */
+static __inline netio_pkt_metadata_t*
+NETIO_PKT_METADATA(netio_pkt_t* pkt)
+{
+ netio_assert(!pkt->__packet.bits.__minimal);
+ return &pkt->__metadata;
+}
+
+
+/** Return a pointer to the minimal metadata for a packet.
+ * @ingroup egress
+ *
+ * Calling this function once and passing the result to other retrieval
+ * functions with a "_MM" suffix usually improves performance. This
+ * function must be called on an 'egress' packet (i.e. one on which
+ * @ref netio_populate_buffer() or @ref netio_populate_prepend_buffer()
+ * have been called, or one retrieved by @ref netio_get_buffer()). Use of
+ * this function on an 'ingress' packet will cause an assertion failure.
+ *
+ * @param[in] pkt Packet on which to operate.
+ * @return A pointer to the packet's standard metadata.
+ */
+static __inline netio_pkt_minimal_metadata_t*
+NETIO_PKT_MINIMAL_METADATA(netio_pkt_t* pkt)
+{
+ netio_assert(pkt->__packet.bits.__minimal);
+ return (netio_pkt_minimal_metadata_t*) &pkt->__metadata;
+}
+
+
+/** Determine whether a packet has 'minimal' metadata.
+ * @ingroup pktfuncs
+ *
+ * This function will return nonzero if the packet is an 'egress'
+ * packet (i.e. one on which @ref netio_populate_buffer() or
+ * @ref netio_populate_prepend_buffer() have been called, or one
+ * retrieved by @ref netio_get_buffer()), and zero if the packet
+ * is an 'ingress' packet (i.e. one retrieved by @ref netio_get_packet(),
+ * which has not been converted into an 'egress' packet).
+ *
+ * @param[in] pkt Packet on which to operate.
+ * @return Nonzero if the packet has minimal metadata.
+ */
+static __inline unsigned int
+NETIO_PKT_IS_MINIMAL(netio_pkt_t* pkt)
+{
+ return pkt->__packet.bits.__minimal;
+}
+
+
+/** Return a handle for a packet's storage.
+ * @ingroup pktfuncs
+ *
+ * @param[in] pkt Packet on which to operate.
+ * @return A handle for the packet's storage.
+ */
+static __inline netio_pkt_handle_t
+NETIO_PKT_HANDLE(netio_pkt_t* pkt)
+{
+ netio_pkt_handle_t h;
+ h.word = pkt->__packet.word;
+ return h;
+}
+
+
+/** A special reserved value indicating the absence of a packet handle.
+ *
+ * @ingroup pktfuncs
+ */
+#define NETIO_PKT_HANDLE_NONE ((netio_pkt_handle_t) { 0 })
+
+
+/** Test whether a packet handle is valid.
+ *
+ * Applications may wish to use the reserved value NETIO_PKT_HANDLE_NONE
+ * to indicate no packet at all. This function tests to see if a packet
+ * handle is a real handle, not this special reserved value.
+ *
+ * @ingroup pktfuncs
+ *
+ * @param[in] handle Handle on which to operate.
+ * @return One if the packet handle is valid, else zero.
+ */
+static __inline unsigned int
+NETIO_PKT_HANDLE_IS_VALID(netio_pkt_handle_t handle)
+{
+ return handle.word != 0;
+}
+
+
+
+/** Return a pointer to the start of the packet's custom header.
+ * A custom header may or may not be present, depending upon the IPP; its
+ * contents and alignment are also IPP-dependent. Currently, none of the
+ * standard IPPs supplied by Tilera produce a custom header. If present,
+ * the custom header precedes the L2 header in the packet buffer.
+ * @ingroup ingress
+ *
+ * @param[in] handle Handle on which to operate.
+ * @return A pointer to start of the packet.
+ */
+static __inline unsigned char*
+NETIO_PKT_CUSTOM_DATA_H(netio_pkt_handle_t handle)
+{
+ return _NETIO_PKT_HANDLE_BASE(handle) + NETIO_PACKET_PADDING;
+}
+
+
+/** Return the length of the packet's custom header.
+ * A custom header may or may not be present, depending upon the IPP; its
+ * contents and alignment are also IPP-dependent. Currently, none of the
+ * standard IPPs supplied by Tilera produce a custom header. If present,
+ * the custom header precedes the L2 header in the packet buffer.
+ *
+ * @ingroup ingress
+ *
+ * @param[in] mda Pointer to packet's standard metadata.
+ * @param[in] pkt Packet on which to operate.
+ * @return The length of the packet's custom header, in bytes.
+ */
+static __inline netio_size_t
+NETIO_PKT_CUSTOM_HEADER_LENGTH_M(netio_pkt_metadata_t* mda, netio_pkt_t* pkt)
+{
+ /*
+ * Note that we effectively need to extract a quantity from the flags word
+ * which is measured in words, and then turn it into bytes by shifting
+ * it left by 2. We do this all at once by just shifting right two less
+ * bits, and shifting the mask up two bits.
+ */
+ return ((mda->__flags >> (_NETIO_PKT_CUSTOM_LEN_SHIFT - 2)) &
+ (_NETIO_PKT_CUSTOM_LEN_RMASK << 2));
+}
+
+
+/** Return the length of the packet, starting with the custom header.
+ * A custom header may or may not be present, depending upon the IPP; its
+ * contents and alignment are also IPP-dependent. Currently, none of the
+ * standard IPPs supplied by Tilera produce a custom header. If present,
+ * the custom header precedes the L2 header in the packet buffer.
+ * @ingroup ingress
+ *
+ * @param[in] mda Pointer to packet's standard metadata.
+ * @param[in] pkt Packet on which to operate.
+ * @return The length of the packet, in bytes.
+ */
+static __inline netio_size_t
+NETIO_PKT_CUSTOM_LENGTH_M(netio_pkt_metadata_t* mda, netio_pkt_t* pkt)
+{
+ return (__NETIO_PKT_NOTIF_HEADER(pkt).bits.__transfer_size -
+ NETIO_PACKET_PADDING);
+}
+
+
+/** Return a pointer to the start of the packet's custom header.
+ * A custom header may or may not be present, depending upon the IPP; its
+ * contents and alignment are also IPP-dependent. Currently, none of the
+ * standard IPPs supplied by Tilera produce a custom header. If present,
+ * the custom header precedes the L2 header in the packet buffer.
+ * @ingroup ingress
+ *
+ * @param[in] mda Pointer to packet's standard metadata.
+ * @param[in] pkt Packet on which to operate.
+ * @return A pointer to start of the packet.
+ */
+static __inline unsigned char*
+NETIO_PKT_CUSTOM_DATA_M(netio_pkt_metadata_t* mda, netio_pkt_t* pkt)
+{
+ return NETIO_PKT_CUSTOM_DATA_H(NETIO_PKT_HANDLE(pkt));
+}
+
+
+/** Return the length of the packet's L2 (Ethernet plus VLAN or SNAP) header.
+ * @ingroup ingress
+ *
+ * @param[in] mda Pointer to packet's standard metadata.
+ * @param[in] pkt Packet on which to operate.
+ * @return The length of the packet's L2 header, in bytes.
+ */
+static __inline netio_size_t
+NETIO_PKT_L2_HEADER_LENGTH_M(netio_pkt_metadata_t* mda, netio_pkt_t* pkt)
+{
+ /*
+ * Note that we effectively need to extract a quantity from the flags word
+ * which is measured in words, and then turn it into bytes by shifting
+ * it left by 2. We do this all at once by just shifting right two less
+ * bits, and shifting the mask up two bits. We then add two bytes.
+ */
+ return ((mda->__flags >> (_NETIO_PKT_L2_LEN_SHIFT - 2)) &
+ (_NETIO_PKT_L2_LEN_RMASK << 2)) + 2;
+}
+
+
+/** Return the length of the packet, starting with the L2 (Ethernet) header.
+ * @ingroup ingress
+ *
+ * @param[in] mda Pointer to packet's standard metadata.
+ * @param[in] pkt Packet on which to operate.
+ * @return The length of the packet, in bytes.
+ */
+static __inline netio_size_t
+NETIO_PKT_L2_LENGTH_M(netio_pkt_metadata_t* mda, netio_pkt_t* pkt)
+{
+ return (NETIO_PKT_CUSTOM_LENGTH_M(mda, pkt) -
+ NETIO_PKT_CUSTOM_HEADER_LENGTH_M(mda,pkt));
+}
+
+
+/** Return a pointer to the start of the packet's L2 (Ethernet) header.
+ * @ingroup ingress
+ *
+ * @param[in] mda Pointer to packet's standard metadata.
+ * @param[in] pkt Packet on which to operate.
+ * @return A pointer to start of the packet.
+ */
+static __inline unsigned char*
+NETIO_PKT_L2_DATA_M(netio_pkt_metadata_t* mda, netio_pkt_t* pkt)
+{
+ return (NETIO_PKT_CUSTOM_DATA_M(mda, pkt) +
+ NETIO_PKT_CUSTOM_HEADER_LENGTH_M(mda, pkt));
+}
+
+
+/** Retrieve the length of the packet, starting with the L3 (generally,
+ * the IP) header.
+ * @ingroup ingress
+ *
+ * @param[in] mda Pointer to packet's standard metadata.
+ * @param[in] pkt Packet on which to operate.
+ * @return Length of the packet's L3 header and data, in bytes.
+ */
+static __inline netio_size_t
+NETIO_PKT_L3_LENGTH_M(netio_pkt_metadata_t* mda, netio_pkt_t* pkt)
+{
+ return (NETIO_PKT_L2_LENGTH_M(mda, pkt) -
+ NETIO_PKT_L2_HEADER_LENGTH_M(mda,pkt));
+}
+
+
+/** Return a pointer to the packet's L3 (generally, the IP) header.
+ * @ingroup ingress
+ *
+ * Note that we guarantee word alignment of the L3 header.
+ *
+ * @param[in] mda Pointer to packet's standard metadata.
+ * @param[in] pkt Packet on which to operate.
+ * @return A pointer to the packet's L3 header.
+ */
+static __inline unsigned char*
+NETIO_PKT_L3_DATA_M(netio_pkt_metadata_t* mda, netio_pkt_t* pkt)
+{
+ return (NETIO_PKT_L2_DATA_M(mda, pkt) +
+ NETIO_PKT_L2_HEADER_LENGTH_M(mda, pkt));
+}
+
+
+/** Return the ordinal of the packet.
+ * @ingroup ingress
+ *
+ * Each packet is given an ordinal number when it is delivered by the IPP.
+ * In the medium term, the ordinal is unique and monotonically increasing,
+ * being incremented by 1 for each packet; the ordinal of the first packet
+ * delivered after the IPP starts is zero. (Since the ordinal is of finite
+ * size, given enough input packets, it will eventually wrap around to zero;
+ * in the long term, therefore, ordinals are not unique.) The ordinals
+ * handed out by different IPPs are not disjoint, so two packets from
+ * different IPPs may have identical ordinals. Packets dropped by the
+ * IPP or by the I/O shim are not assigned ordinals.
+ *
+ * @param[in] mda Pointer to packet's standard metadata.
+ * @param[in] pkt Packet on which to operate.
+ * @return The packet's per-IPP packet ordinal.
+ */
+static __inline unsigned int
+NETIO_PKT_ORDINAL_M(netio_pkt_metadata_t* mda, netio_pkt_t* pkt)
+{
+ return mda->__packet_ordinal;
+}
+
+
+/** Return the per-group ordinal of the packet.
+ * @ingroup ingress
+ *
+ * Each packet is given a per-group ordinal number when it is
+ * delivered by the IPP. By default, the group is the packet's VLAN,
+ * although IPP can be recompiled to use different values. In
+ * the medium term, the ordinal is unique and monotonically
+ * increasing, being incremented by 1 for each packet; the ordinal of
+ * the first packet distributed to a particular group is zero.
+ * (Since the ordinal is of finite size, given enough input packets,
+ * it will eventually wrap around to zero; in the long term,
+ * therefore, ordinals are not unique.) The ordinals handed out by
+ * different IPPs are not disjoint, so two packets from different IPPs
+ * may have identical ordinals; similarly, packets distributed to
+ * different groups may have identical ordinals. Packets dropped by
+ * the IPP or by the I/O shim are not assigned ordinals.
+ *
+ * @param[in] mda Pointer to packet's standard metadata.
+ * @param[in] pkt Packet on which to operate.
+ * @return The packet's per-IPP, per-group ordinal.
+ */
+static __inline unsigned int
+NETIO_PKT_GROUP_ORDINAL_M(netio_pkt_metadata_t* mda, netio_pkt_t* pkt)
+{
+ return mda->__group_ordinal;
+}
+
+
+/** Return the VLAN ID assigned to the packet.
+ * @ingroup ingress
+ *
+ * This value is usually contained within the packet header.
+ *
+ * This value will be zero if the packet does not have a VLAN tag, or if
+ * this value was not extracted from the packet.
+ *
+ * @param[in] mda Pointer to packet's standard metadata.
+ * @param[in] pkt Packet on which to operate.
+ * @return The packet's VLAN ID.
+ */
+static __inline unsigned short
+NETIO_PKT_VLAN_ID_M(netio_pkt_metadata_t* mda, netio_pkt_t* pkt)
+{
+ int vl = (mda->__flags >> _NETIO_PKT_VLAN_SHIFT) & _NETIO_PKT_VLAN_RMASK;
+ unsigned short* pkt_p;
+ int index;
+ unsigned short val;
+
+ if (vl == _NETIO_PKT_VLAN_NONE)
+ return 0;
+
+ pkt_p = (unsigned short*) NETIO_PKT_L2_DATA_M(mda, pkt);
+ index = (mda->__flags >> _NETIO_PKT_TYPE_SHIFT) & _NETIO_PKT_TYPE_RMASK;
+
+ val = pkt_p[(_netio_pkt_info[index] >> _NETIO_PKT_INFO_VLAN_SHIFT) &
+ _NETIO_PKT_INFO_VLAN_RMASK];
+
+#ifdef __TILECC__
+ return (__insn_bytex(val) >> 16) & 0xFFF;
+#else
+ return (__builtin_bswap32(val) >> 16) & 0xFFF;
+#endif
+}
+
+
+/** Return the ethertype of the packet.
+ * @ingroup ingress
+ *
+ * This value is usually contained within the packet header.
+ *
+ * This value is reliable if @ref NETIO_PKT_ETHERTYPE_RECOGNIZED_M()
+ * returns true, and otherwise, may not be well defined.
+ *
+ * @param[in] mda Pointer to packet's standard metadata.
+ * @param[in] pkt Packet on which to operate.
+ * @return The packet's ethertype.
+ */
+static __inline unsigned short
+NETIO_PKT_ETHERTYPE_M(netio_pkt_metadata_t* mda, netio_pkt_t* pkt)
+{
+ unsigned short* pkt_p = (unsigned short*) NETIO_PKT_L2_DATA_M(mda, pkt);
+ int index = (mda->__flags >> _NETIO_PKT_TYPE_SHIFT) & _NETIO_PKT_TYPE_RMASK;
+
+ unsigned short val =
+ pkt_p[(_netio_pkt_info[index] >> _NETIO_PKT_INFO_ETYPE_SHIFT) &
+ _NETIO_PKT_INFO_ETYPE_RMASK];
+
+ return __builtin_bswap32(val) >> 16;
+}
+
+
+/** Return the flow hash computed on the packet.
+ * @ingroup ingress
+ *
+ * For TCP and UDP packets, this hash is calculated by hashing together
+ * the "5-tuple" values, specifically the source IP address, destination
+ * IP address, protocol type, source port and destination port.
+ * The hash value is intended to be helpful for millions of distinct
+ * flows.
+ *
+ * For IPv4 or IPv6 packets which are neither TCP nor UDP, the flow hash is
+ * derived by hashing together the source and destination IP addresses.
+ *
+ * For MPLS-encapsulated packets, the flow hash is derived by hashing
+ * the first MPLS label.
+ *
+ * For all other packets the flow hash is computed from the source
+ * and destination Ethernet addresses.
+ *
+ * The hash is symmetric, meaning it produces the same value if the
+ * source and destination are swapped. The only exceptions are
+ * tunneling protocols 0x04 (IP in IP Encapsulation), 0x29 (Simple
+ * Internet Protocol), 0x2F (General Routing Encapsulation) and 0x32
+ * (Encap Security Payload), which use only the destination address
+ * since the source address is not meaningful.
+ *
+ * @param[in] mda Pointer to packet's standard metadata.
+ * @param[in] pkt Packet on which to operate.
+ * @return The packet's 32-bit flow hash.
+ */
+static __inline unsigned int
+NETIO_PKT_FLOW_HASH_M(netio_pkt_metadata_t* mda, netio_pkt_t* pkt)
+{
+ return mda->__flow_hash;
+}
+
+
+/** Return the first word of "user data" for the packet.
+ *
+ * The contents of the user data words depend on the IPP.
+ *
+ * When using the standard ipp1, ipp2, or ipp4 sub-drivers, the first
+ * word of user data contains the least significant bits of the 64-bit
+ * arrival cycle count (see @c get_cycle_count_low()).
+ *
+ * See the <em>System Programmer's Guide</em> for details.
+ *
+ * @ingroup ingress
+ *
+ * @param[in] mda Pointer to packet's standard metadata.
+ * @param[in] pkt Packet on which to operate.
+ * @return The packet's first word of "user data".
+ */
+static __inline unsigned int
+NETIO_PKT_USER_DATA_0_M(netio_pkt_metadata_t* mda, netio_pkt_t* pkt)
+{
+ return mda->__user_data_0;
+}
+
+
+/** Return the second word of "user data" for the packet.
+ *
+ * The contents of the user data words depend on the IPP.
+ *
+ * When using the standard ipp1, ipp2, or ipp4 sub-drivers, the second
+ * word of user data contains the most significant bits of the 64-bit
+ * arrival cycle count (see @c get_cycle_count_high()).
+ *
+ * See the <em>System Programmer's Guide</em> for details.
+ *
+ * @ingroup ingress
+ *
+ * @param[in] mda Pointer to packet's standard metadata.
+ * @param[in] pkt Packet on which to operate.
+ * @return The packet's second word of "user data".
+ */
+static __inline unsigned int
+NETIO_PKT_USER_DATA_1_M(netio_pkt_metadata_t* mda, netio_pkt_t* pkt)
+{
+ return mda->__user_data_1;
+}
+
+
+/** Determine whether the L4 (TCP/UDP) checksum was calculated.
+ * @ingroup ingress
+ *
+ * @param[in] mda Pointer to packet's standard metadata.
+ * @param[in] pkt Packet on which to operate.
+ * @return Nonzero if the L4 checksum was calculated.
+ */
+static __inline unsigned int
+NETIO_PKT_L4_CSUM_CALCULATED_M(netio_pkt_metadata_t* mda, netio_pkt_t* pkt)
+{
+ return !(mda->__flags & _NETIO_PKT_NO_L4_CSUM_MASK);
+}
+
+
+/** Determine whether the L4 (TCP/UDP) checksum was calculated and found to
+ * be correct.
+ * @ingroup ingress
+ *
+ * @param[in] mda Pointer to packet's standard metadata.
+ * @param[in] pkt Packet on which to operate.
+ * @return Nonzero if the checksum was calculated and is correct.
+ */
+static __inline unsigned int
+NETIO_PKT_L4_CSUM_CORRECT_M(netio_pkt_metadata_t* mda, netio_pkt_t* pkt)
+{
+ return !(mda->__flags &
+ (_NETIO_PKT_BAD_L4_CSUM_MASK | _NETIO_PKT_NO_L4_CSUM_MASK));
+}
+
+
+/** Determine whether the L3 (IP) checksum was calculated.
+ * @ingroup ingress
+ *
+ * @param[in] mda Pointer to packet's standard metadata.
+ * @param[in] pkt Packet on which to operate.
+ * @return Nonzero if the L3 (IP) checksum was calculated.
+*/
+static __inline unsigned int
+NETIO_PKT_L3_CSUM_CALCULATED_M(netio_pkt_metadata_t* mda, netio_pkt_t* pkt)
+{
+ return !(mda->__flags & _NETIO_PKT_NO_L3_CSUM_MASK);
+}
+
+
+/** Determine whether the L3 (IP) checksum was calculated and found to be
+ * correct.
+ * @ingroup ingress
+ *
+ * @param[in] mda Pointer to packet's standard metadata.
+ * @param[in] pkt Packet on which to operate.
+ * @return Nonzero if the checksum was calculated and is correct.
+ */
+static __inline unsigned int
+NETIO_PKT_L3_CSUM_CORRECT_M(netio_pkt_metadata_t* mda, netio_pkt_t* pkt)
+{
+ return !(mda->__flags &
+ (_NETIO_PKT_BAD_L3_CSUM_MASK | _NETIO_PKT_NO_L3_CSUM_MASK));
+}
+
+
+/** Determine whether the ethertype was recognized and L3 packet data was
+ * processed.
+ * @ingroup ingress
+ *
+ * @param[in] mda Pointer to packet's standard metadata.
+ * @param[in] pkt Packet on which to operate.
+ * @return Nonzero if the ethertype was recognized and L3 packet data was
+ * processed.
+ */
+static __inline unsigned int
+NETIO_PKT_ETHERTYPE_RECOGNIZED_M(netio_pkt_metadata_t* mda, netio_pkt_t* pkt)
+{
+ return !(mda->__flags & _NETIO_PKT_TYPE_UNRECOGNIZED_MASK);
+}
+
+
+/** Retrieve the status of a packet and any errors that may have occurred
+ * during ingress processing (length mismatches, CRC errors, etc.).
+ * @ingroup ingress
+ *
+ * Note that packets for which @ref NETIO_PKT_ETHERTYPE_RECOGNIZED()
+ * returns zero are always reported as underlength, as there is no a priori
+ * means to determine their length. Normally, applications should use
+ * @ref NETIO_PKT_BAD_M() instead of explicitly checking status with this
+ * function.
+ *
+ * @param[in] mda Pointer to packet's standard metadata.
+ * @param[in] pkt Packet on which to operate.
+ * @return The packet's status.
+ */
+static __inline netio_pkt_status_t
+NETIO_PKT_STATUS_M(netio_pkt_metadata_t* mda, netio_pkt_t* pkt)
+{
+ return (netio_pkt_status_t) __NETIO_PKT_NOTIF_HEADER(pkt).bits.__status;
+}
+
+
+/** Report whether a packet is bad (i.e., was shorter than expected based on
+ * its headers, or had a bad CRC).
+ * @ingroup ingress
+ *
+ * Note that this function does not verify L3 or L4 checksums.
+ *
+ * @param[in] mda Pointer to packet's standard metadata.
+ * @param[in] pkt Packet on which to operate.
+ * @return Nonzero if the packet is bad and should be discarded.
+ */
+static __inline unsigned int
+NETIO_PKT_BAD_M(netio_pkt_metadata_t* mda, netio_pkt_t* pkt)
+{
+ return ((NETIO_PKT_STATUS_M(mda, pkt) & 1) &&
+ (NETIO_PKT_ETHERTYPE_RECOGNIZED_M(mda, pkt) ||
+ NETIO_PKT_STATUS_M(mda, pkt) == NETIO_PKT_STATUS_BAD));
+}
+
+
+/** Return the length of the packet, starting with the L2 (Ethernet) header.
+ * @ingroup egress
+ *
+ * @param[in] mmd Pointer to packet's minimal metadata.
+ * @param[in] pkt Packet on which to operate.
+ * @return The length of the packet, in bytes.
+ */
+static __inline netio_size_t
+NETIO_PKT_L2_LENGTH_MM(netio_pkt_minimal_metadata_t* mmd, netio_pkt_t* pkt)
+{
+ return mmd->l2_length;
+}
+
+
+/** Return the length of the L2 (Ethernet) header.
+ * @ingroup egress
+ *
+ * @param[in] mmd Pointer to packet's minimal metadata.
+ * @param[in] pkt Packet on which to operate.
+ * @return The length of the packet's L2 header, in bytes.
+ */
+static __inline netio_size_t
+NETIO_PKT_L2_HEADER_LENGTH_MM(netio_pkt_minimal_metadata_t* mmd,
+ netio_pkt_t* pkt)
+{
+ return mmd->l3_offset - mmd->l2_offset;
+}
+
+
+/** Return the length of the packet, starting with the L3 (IP) header.
+ * @ingroup egress
+ *
+ * @param[in] mmd Pointer to packet's minimal metadata.
+ * @param[in] pkt Packet on which to operate.
+ * @return Length of the packet's L3 header and data, in bytes.
+ */
+static __inline netio_size_t
+NETIO_PKT_L3_LENGTH_MM(netio_pkt_minimal_metadata_t* mmd, netio_pkt_t* pkt)
+{
+ return (NETIO_PKT_L2_LENGTH_MM(mmd, pkt) -
+ NETIO_PKT_L2_HEADER_LENGTH_MM(mmd, pkt));
+}
+
+
+/** Return a pointer to the packet's L3 (generally, the IP) header.
+ * @ingroup egress
+ *
+ * Note that we guarantee word alignment of the L3 header.
+ *
+ * @param[in] mmd Pointer to packet's minimal metadata.
+ * @param[in] pkt Packet on which to operate.
+ * @return A pointer to the packet's L3 header.
+ */
+static __inline unsigned char*
+NETIO_PKT_L3_DATA_MM(netio_pkt_minimal_metadata_t* mmd, netio_pkt_t* pkt)
+{
+ return _NETIO_PKT_BASE(pkt) + mmd->l3_offset;
+}
+
+
+/** Return a pointer to the packet's L2 (Ethernet) header.
+ * @ingroup egress
+ *
+ * @param[in] mmd Pointer to packet's minimal metadata.
+ * @param[in] pkt Packet on which to operate.
+ * @return A pointer to start of the packet.
+ */
+static __inline unsigned char*
+NETIO_PKT_L2_DATA_MM(netio_pkt_minimal_metadata_t* mmd, netio_pkt_t* pkt)
+{
+ return _NETIO_PKT_BASE(pkt) + mmd->l2_offset;
+}
+
+
+/** Retrieve the status of a packet and any errors that may have occurred
+ * during ingress processing (length mismatches, CRC errors, etc.).
+ * @ingroup ingress
+ *
+ * Note that packets for which @ref NETIO_PKT_ETHERTYPE_RECOGNIZED()
+ * returns zero are always reported as underlength, as there is no a priori
+ * means to determine their length. Normally, applications should use
+ * @ref NETIO_PKT_BAD() instead of explicitly checking status with this
+ * function.
+ *
+ * @param[in] pkt Packet on which to operate.
+ * @return The packet's status.
+ */
+static __inline netio_pkt_status_t
+NETIO_PKT_STATUS(netio_pkt_t* pkt)
+{
+ netio_assert(!pkt->__packet.bits.__minimal);
+
+ return (netio_pkt_status_t) __NETIO_PKT_NOTIF_HEADER(pkt).bits.__status;
+}
+
+
+/** Report whether a packet is bad (i.e., was shorter than expected based on
+ * its headers, or had a bad CRC).
+ * @ingroup ingress
+ *
+ * Note that this function does not verify L3 or L4 checksums.
+ *
+ * @param[in] pkt Packet on which to operate.
+ * @return Nonzero if the packet is bad and should be discarded.
+ */
+static __inline unsigned int
+NETIO_PKT_BAD(netio_pkt_t* pkt)
+{
+ netio_pkt_metadata_t* mda = NETIO_PKT_METADATA(pkt);
+
+ return NETIO_PKT_BAD_M(mda, pkt);
+}
+
+
+/** Return the length of the packet's custom header.
+ * A custom header may or may not be present, depending upon the IPP; its
+ * contents and alignment are also IPP-dependent. Currently, none of the
+ * standard IPPs supplied by Tilera produce a custom header. If present,
+ * the custom header precedes the L2 header in the packet buffer.
+ * @ingroup pktfuncs
+ *
+ * @param[in] pkt Packet on which to operate.
+ * @return The length of the packet's custom header, in bytes.
+ */
+static __inline netio_size_t
+NETIO_PKT_CUSTOM_HEADER_LENGTH(netio_pkt_t* pkt)
+{
+ netio_pkt_metadata_t* mda = NETIO_PKT_METADATA(pkt);
+
+ return NETIO_PKT_CUSTOM_HEADER_LENGTH_M(mda, pkt);
+}
+
+
+/** Return the length of the packet, starting with the custom header.
+ * A custom header may or may not be present, depending upon the IPP; its
+ * contents and alignment are also IPP-dependent. Currently, none of the
+ * standard IPPs supplied by Tilera produce a custom header. If present,
+ * the custom header precedes the L2 header in the packet buffer.
+ * @ingroup pktfuncs
+ *
+ * @param[in] pkt Packet on which to operate.
+ * @return The length of the packet, in bytes.
+ */
+static __inline netio_size_t
+NETIO_PKT_CUSTOM_LENGTH(netio_pkt_t* pkt)
+{
+ netio_pkt_metadata_t* mda = NETIO_PKT_METADATA(pkt);
+
+ return NETIO_PKT_CUSTOM_LENGTH_M(mda, pkt);
+}
+
+
+/** Return a pointer to the packet's custom header.
+ * A custom header may or may not be present, depending upon the IPP; its
+ * contents and alignment are also IPP-dependent. Currently, none of the
+ * standard IPPs supplied by Tilera produce a custom header. If present,
+ * the custom header precedes the L2 header in the packet buffer.
+ * @ingroup pktfuncs
+ *
+ * @param[in] pkt Packet on which to operate.
+ * @return A pointer to start of the packet.
+ */
+static __inline unsigned char*
+NETIO_PKT_CUSTOM_DATA(netio_pkt_t* pkt)
+{
+ netio_pkt_metadata_t* mda = NETIO_PKT_METADATA(pkt);
+
+ return NETIO_PKT_CUSTOM_DATA_M(mda, pkt);
+}
+
+
+/** Return the length of the packet's L2 (Ethernet plus VLAN or SNAP) header.
+ * @ingroup pktfuncs
+ *
+ * @param[in] pkt Packet on which to operate.
+ * @return The length of the packet's L2 header, in bytes.
+ */
+static __inline netio_size_t
+NETIO_PKT_L2_HEADER_LENGTH(netio_pkt_t* pkt)
+{
+ if (NETIO_PKT_IS_MINIMAL(pkt))
+ {
+ netio_pkt_minimal_metadata_t* mmd = NETIO_PKT_MINIMAL_METADATA(pkt);
+
+ return NETIO_PKT_L2_HEADER_LENGTH_MM(mmd, pkt);
+ }
+ else
+ {
+ netio_pkt_metadata_t* mda = NETIO_PKT_METADATA(pkt);
+
+ return NETIO_PKT_L2_HEADER_LENGTH_M(mda, pkt);
+ }
+}
+
+
+/** Return the length of the packet, starting with the L2 (Ethernet) header.
+ * @ingroup pktfuncs
+ *
+ * @param[in] pkt Packet on which to operate.
+ * @return The length of the packet, in bytes.
+ */
+static __inline netio_size_t
+NETIO_PKT_L2_LENGTH(netio_pkt_t* pkt)
+{
+ if (NETIO_PKT_IS_MINIMAL(pkt))
+ {
+ netio_pkt_minimal_metadata_t* mmd = NETIO_PKT_MINIMAL_METADATA(pkt);
+
+ return NETIO_PKT_L2_LENGTH_MM(mmd, pkt);
+ }
+ else
+ {
+ netio_pkt_metadata_t* mda = NETIO_PKT_METADATA(pkt);
+
+ return NETIO_PKT_L2_LENGTH_M(mda, pkt);
+ }
+}
+
+
+/** Return a pointer to the packet's L2 (Ethernet) header.
+ * @ingroup pktfuncs
+ *
+ * @param[in] pkt Packet on which to operate.
+ * @return A pointer to start of the packet.
+ */
+static __inline unsigned char*
+NETIO_PKT_L2_DATA(netio_pkt_t* pkt)
+{
+ if (NETIO_PKT_IS_MINIMAL(pkt))
+ {
+ netio_pkt_minimal_metadata_t* mmd = NETIO_PKT_MINIMAL_METADATA(pkt);
+
+ return NETIO_PKT_L2_DATA_MM(mmd, pkt);
+ }
+ else
+ {
+ netio_pkt_metadata_t* mda = NETIO_PKT_METADATA(pkt);
+
+ return NETIO_PKT_L2_DATA_M(mda, pkt);
+ }
+}
+
+
+/** Retrieve the length of the packet, starting with the L3 (generally, the IP)
+ * header.
+ * @ingroup pktfuncs
+ *
+ * @param[in] pkt Packet on which to operate.
+ * @return Length of the packet's L3 header and data, in bytes.
+ */
+static __inline netio_size_t
+NETIO_PKT_L3_LENGTH(netio_pkt_t* pkt)
+{
+ if (NETIO_PKT_IS_MINIMAL(pkt))
+ {
+ netio_pkt_minimal_metadata_t* mmd = NETIO_PKT_MINIMAL_METADATA(pkt);
+
+ return NETIO_PKT_L3_LENGTH_MM(mmd, pkt);
+ }
+ else
+ {
+ netio_pkt_metadata_t* mda = NETIO_PKT_METADATA(pkt);
+
+ return NETIO_PKT_L3_LENGTH_M(mda, pkt);
+ }
+}
+
+
+/** Return a pointer to the packet's L3 (generally, the IP) header.
+ * @ingroup pktfuncs
+ *
+ * Note that we guarantee word alignment of the L3 header.
+ *
+ * @param[in] pkt Packet on which to operate.
+ * @return A pointer to the packet's L3 header.
+ */
+static __inline unsigned char*
+NETIO_PKT_L3_DATA(netio_pkt_t* pkt)
+{
+ if (NETIO_PKT_IS_MINIMAL(pkt))
+ {
+ netio_pkt_minimal_metadata_t* mmd = NETIO_PKT_MINIMAL_METADATA(pkt);
+
+ return NETIO_PKT_L3_DATA_MM(mmd, pkt);
+ }
+ else
+ {
+ netio_pkt_metadata_t* mda = NETIO_PKT_METADATA(pkt);
+
+ return NETIO_PKT_L3_DATA_M(mda, pkt);
+ }
+}
+
+
+/** Return the ordinal of the packet.
+ * @ingroup ingress
+ *
+ * Each packet is given an ordinal number when it is delivered by the IPP.
+ * In the medium term, the ordinal is unique and monotonically increasing,
+ * being incremented by 1 for each packet; the ordinal of the first packet
+ * delivered after the IPP starts is zero. (Since the ordinal is of finite
+ * size, given enough input packets, it will eventually wrap around to zero;
+ * in the long term, therefore, ordinals are not unique.) The ordinals
+ * handed out by different IPPs are not disjoint, so two packets from
+ * different IPPs may have identical ordinals. Packets dropped by the
+ * IPP or by the I/O shim are not assigned ordinals.
+ *
+ *
+ * @param[in] pkt Packet on which to operate.
+ * @return The packet's per-IPP packet ordinal.
+ */
+static __inline unsigned int
+NETIO_PKT_ORDINAL(netio_pkt_t* pkt)
+{
+ netio_pkt_metadata_t* mda = NETIO_PKT_METADATA(pkt);
+
+ return NETIO_PKT_ORDINAL_M(mda, pkt);
+}
+
+
+/** Return the per-group ordinal of the packet.
+ * @ingroup ingress
+ *
+ * Each packet is given a per-group ordinal number when it is
+ * delivered by the IPP. By default, the group is the packet's VLAN,
+ * although IPP can be recompiled to use different values. In
+ * the medium term, the ordinal is unique and monotonically
+ * increasing, being incremented by 1 for each packet; the ordinal of
+ * the first packet distributed to a particular group is zero.
+ * (Since the ordinal is of finite size, given enough input packets,
+ * it will eventually wrap around to zero; in the long term,
+ * therefore, ordinals are not unique.) The ordinals handed out by
+ * different IPPs are not disjoint, so two packets from different IPPs
+ * may have identical ordinals; similarly, packets distributed to
+ * different groups may have identical ordinals. Packets dropped by
+ * the IPP or by the I/O shim are not assigned ordinals.
+ *
+ * @param[in] pkt Packet on which to operate.
+ * @return The packet's per-IPP, per-group ordinal.
+ */
+static __inline unsigned int
+NETIO_PKT_GROUP_ORDINAL(netio_pkt_t* pkt)
+{
+ netio_pkt_metadata_t* mda = NETIO_PKT_METADATA(pkt);
+
+ return NETIO_PKT_GROUP_ORDINAL_M(mda, pkt);
+}
+
+
+/** Return the VLAN ID assigned to the packet.
+ * @ingroup ingress
+ *
+ * This is usually also contained within the packet header. If the packet
+ * does not have a VLAN tag, the VLAN ID returned by this function is zero.
+ *
+ * @param[in] pkt Packet on which to operate.
+ * @return The packet's VLAN ID.
+ */
+static __inline unsigned short
+NETIO_PKT_VLAN_ID(netio_pkt_t* pkt)
+{
+ netio_pkt_metadata_t* mda = NETIO_PKT_METADATA(pkt);
+
+ return NETIO_PKT_VLAN_ID_M(mda, pkt);
+}
+
+
+/** Return the ethertype of the packet.
+ * @ingroup ingress
+ *
+ * This value is reliable if @ref NETIO_PKT_ETHERTYPE_RECOGNIZED()
+ * returns true, and otherwise, may not be well defined.
+ *
+ * @param[in] pkt Packet on which to operate.
+ * @return The packet's ethertype.
+ */
+static __inline unsigned short
+NETIO_PKT_ETHERTYPE(netio_pkt_t* pkt)
+{
+ netio_pkt_metadata_t* mda = NETIO_PKT_METADATA(pkt);
+
+ return NETIO_PKT_ETHERTYPE_M(mda, pkt);
+}
+
+
+/** Return the flow hash computed on the packet.
+ * @ingroup ingress
+ *
+ * For TCP and UDP packets, this hash is calculated by hashing together
+ * the "5-tuple" values, specifically the source IP address, destination
+ * IP address, protocol type, source port and destination port.
+ * The hash value is intended to be helpful for millions of distinct
+ * flows.
+ *
+ * For IPv4 or IPv6 packets which are neither TCP nor UDP, the flow hash is
+ * derived by hashing together the source and destination IP addresses.
+ *
+ * For MPLS-encapsulated packets, the flow hash is derived by hashing
+ * the first MPLS label.
+ *
+ * For all other packets the flow hash is computed from the source
+ * and destination Ethernet addresses.
+ *
+ * The hash is symmetric, meaning it produces the same value if the
+ * source and destination are swapped. The only exceptions are
+ * tunneling protocols 0x04 (IP in IP Encapsulation), 0x29 (Simple
+ * Internet Protocol), 0x2F (General Routing Encapsulation) and 0x32
+ * (Encap Security Payload), which use only the destination address
+ * since the source address is not meaningful.
+ *
+ * @param[in] pkt Packet on which to operate.
+ * @return The packet's 32-bit flow hash.
+ */
+static __inline unsigned int
+NETIO_PKT_FLOW_HASH(netio_pkt_t* pkt)
+{
+ netio_pkt_metadata_t* mda = NETIO_PKT_METADATA(pkt);
+
+ return NETIO_PKT_FLOW_HASH_M(mda, pkt);
+}
+
+
+/** Return the first word of "user data" for the packet.
+ *
+ * The contents of the user data words depend on the IPP.
+ *
+ * When using the standard ipp1, ipp2, or ipp4 sub-drivers, the first
+ * word of user data contains the least significant bits of the 64-bit
+ * arrival cycle count (see @c get_cycle_count_low()).
+ *
+ * See the <em>System Programmer's Guide</em> for details.
+ *
+ * @ingroup ingress
+ *
+ * @param[in] pkt Packet on which to operate.
+ * @return The packet's first word of "user data".
+ */
+static __inline unsigned int
+NETIO_PKT_USER_DATA_0(netio_pkt_t* pkt)
+{
+ netio_pkt_metadata_t* mda = NETIO_PKT_METADATA(pkt);
+
+ return NETIO_PKT_USER_DATA_0_M(mda, pkt);
+}
+
+
+/** Return the second word of "user data" for the packet.
+ *
+ * The contents of the user data words depend on the IPP.
+ *
+ * When using the standard ipp1, ipp2, or ipp4 sub-drivers, the second
+ * word of user data contains the most significant bits of the 64-bit
+ * arrival cycle count (see @c get_cycle_count_high()).
+ *
+ * See the <em>System Programmer's Guide</em> for details.
+ *
+ * @ingroup ingress
+ *
+ * @param[in] pkt Packet on which to operate.
+ * @return The packet's second word of "user data".
+ */
+static __inline unsigned int
+NETIO_PKT_USER_DATA_1(netio_pkt_t* pkt)
+{
+ netio_pkt_metadata_t* mda = NETIO_PKT_METADATA(pkt);
+
+ return NETIO_PKT_USER_DATA_1_M(mda, pkt);
+}
+
+
+/** Determine whether the L4 (TCP/UDP) checksum was calculated.
+ * @ingroup ingress
+ *
+ * @param[in] pkt Packet on which to operate.
+ * @return Nonzero if the L4 checksum was calculated.
+ */
+static __inline unsigned int
+NETIO_PKT_L4_CSUM_CALCULATED(netio_pkt_t* pkt)
+{
+ netio_pkt_metadata_t* mda = NETIO_PKT_METADATA(pkt);
+
+ return NETIO_PKT_L4_CSUM_CALCULATED_M(mda, pkt);
+}
+
+
+/** Determine whether the L4 (TCP/UDP) checksum was calculated and found to
+ * be correct.
+ * @ingroup ingress
+ *
+ * @param[in] pkt Packet on which to operate.
+ * @return Nonzero if the checksum was calculated and is correct.
+ */
+static __inline unsigned int
+NETIO_PKT_L4_CSUM_CORRECT(netio_pkt_t* pkt)
+{
+ netio_pkt_metadata_t* mda = NETIO_PKT_METADATA(pkt);
+
+ return NETIO_PKT_L4_CSUM_CORRECT_M(mda, pkt);
+}
+
+
+/** Determine whether the L3 (IP) checksum was calculated.
+ * @ingroup ingress
+ *
+ * @param[in] pkt Packet on which to operate.
+ * @return Nonzero if the L3 (IP) checksum was calculated.
+*/
+static __inline unsigned int
+NETIO_PKT_L3_CSUM_CALCULATED(netio_pkt_t* pkt)
+{
+ netio_pkt_metadata_t* mda = NETIO_PKT_METADATA(pkt);
+
+ return NETIO_PKT_L3_CSUM_CALCULATED_M(mda, pkt);
+}
+
+
+/** Determine whether the L3 (IP) checksum was calculated and found to be
+ * correct.
+ * @ingroup ingress
+ *
+ * @param[in] pkt Packet on which to operate.
+ * @return Nonzero if the checksum was calculated and is correct.
+ */
+static __inline unsigned int
+NETIO_PKT_L3_CSUM_CORRECT(netio_pkt_t* pkt)
+{
+ netio_pkt_metadata_t* mda = NETIO_PKT_METADATA(pkt);
+
+ return NETIO_PKT_L3_CSUM_CORRECT_M(mda, pkt);
+}
+
+
+/** Determine whether the Ethertype was recognized and L3 packet data was
+ * processed.
+ * @ingroup ingress
+ *
+ * @param[in] pkt Packet on which to operate.
+ * @return Nonzero if the Ethertype was recognized and L3 packet data was
+ * processed.
+ */
+static __inline unsigned int
+NETIO_PKT_ETHERTYPE_RECOGNIZED(netio_pkt_t* pkt)
+{
+ netio_pkt_metadata_t* mda = NETIO_PKT_METADATA(pkt);
+
+ return NETIO_PKT_ETHERTYPE_RECOGNIZED_M(mda, pkt);
+}
+
+
+/** Set an egress packet's L2 length, using a metadata pointer to speed the
+ * computation.
+ * @ingroup egress
+ *
+ * @param[in,out] mmd Pointer to packet's minimal metadata.
+ * @param[in] pkt Packet on which to operate.
+ * @param[in] len Packet L2 length, in bytes.
+ */
+static __inline void
+NETIO_PKT_SET_L2_LENGTH_MM(netio_pkt_minimal_metadata_t* mmd, netio_pkt_t* pkt,
+ int len)
+{
+ mmd->l2_length = len;
+}
+
+
+/** Set an egress packet's L2 length.
+ * @ingroup egress
+ *
+ * @param[in,out] pkt Packet on which to operate.
+ * @param[in] len Packet L2 length, in bytes.
+ */
+static __inline void
+NETIO_PKT_SET_L2_LENGTH(netio_pkt_t* pkt, int len)
+{
+ netio_pkt_minimal_metadata_t* mmd = NETIO_PKT_MINIMAL_METADATA(pkt);
+
+ NETIO_PKT_SET_L2_LENGTH_MM(mmd, pkt, len);
+}
+
+
+/** Set an egress packet's L2 header length, using a metadata pointer to
+ * speed the computation.
+ * @ingroup egress
+ *
+ * It is not normally necessary to call this routine; only the L2 length,
+ * not the header length, is needed to transmit a packet. It may be useful if
+ * the egress packet will later be processed by code which expects to use
+ * functions like @ref NETIO_PKT_L3_DATA() to get a pointer to the L3 payload.
+ *
+ * @param[in,out] mmd Pointer to packet's minimal metadata.
+ * @param[in] pkt Packet on which to operate.
+ * @param[in] len Packet L2 header length, in bytes.
+ */
+static __inline void
+NETIO_PKT_SET_L2_HEADER_LENGTH_MM(netio_pkt_minimal_metadata_t* mmd,
+ netio_pkt_t* pkt, int len)
+{
+ mmd->l3_offset = mmd->l2_offset + len;
+}
+
+
+/** Set an egress packet's L2 header length.
+ * @ingroup egress
+ *
+ * It is not normally necessary to call this routine; only the L2 length,
+ * not the header length, is needed to transmit a packet. It may be useful if
+ * the egress packet will later be processed by code which expects to use
+ * functions like @ref NETIO_PKT_L3_DATA() to get a pointer to the L3 payload.
+ *
+ * @param[in,out] pkt Packet on which to operate.
+ * @param[in] len Packet L2 header length, in bytes.
+ */
+static __inline void
+NETIO_PKT_SET_L2_HEADER_LENGTH(netio_pkt_t* pkt, int len)
+{
+ netio_pkt_minimal_metadata_t* mmd = NETIO_PKT_MINIMAL_METADATA(pkt);
+
+ NETIO_PKT_SET_L2_HEADER_LENGTH_MM(mmd, pkt, len);
+}
+
+
+/** Set up an egress packet for hardware checksum computation, using a
+ * metadata pointer to speed the operation.
+ * @ingroup egress
+ *
+ * NetIO provides the ability to automatically calculate a standard
+ * 16-bit Internet checksum on transmitted packets. The application
+ * may specify the point in the packet where the checksum starts, the
+ * number of bytes to be checksummed, and the two bytes in the packet
+ * which will be replaced with the completed checksum. (If the range
+ * of bytes to be checksummed includes the bytes to be replaced, the
+ * initial values of those bytes will be included in the checksum.)
+ *
+ * For some protocols, the packet checksum covers data which is not present
+ * in the packet, or is at least not contiguous to the main data payload.
+ * For instance, the TCP checksum includes a "pseudo-header" which includes
+ * the source and destination IP addresses of the packet. To accommodate
+ * this, the checksum engine may be "seeded" with an initial value, which
+ * the application would need to compute based on the specific protocol's
+ * requirements. Note that the seed is given in host byte order (little-
+ * endian), not network byte order (big-endian); code written to compute a
+ * pseudo-header checksum in network byte order will need to byte-swap it
+ * before use as the seed.
+ *
+ * Note that the checksum is computed as part of the transmission process,
+ * so it will not be present in the packet upon completion of this routine.
+ *
+ * @param[in,out] mmd Pointer to packet's minimal metadata.
+ * @param[in] pkt Packet on which to operate.
+ * @param[in] start Offset within L2 packet of the first byte to include in
+ * the checksum.
+ * @param[in] length Number of bytes to include in the checksum.
+ * the checksum.
+ * @param[in] location Offset within L2 packet of the first of the two bytes
+ * to be replaced with the calculated checksum.
+ * @param[in] seed Initial value of the running checksum before any of the
+ * packet data is added.
+ */
+static __inline void
+NETIO_PKT_DO_EGRESS_CSUM_MM(netio_pkt_minimal_metadata_t* mmd,
+ netio_pkt_t* pkt, int start, int length,
+ int location, uint16_t seed)
+{
+ mmd->csum_start = start;
+ mmd->csum_length = length;
+ mmd->csum_location = location;
+ mmd->csum_seed = seed;
+ mmd->flags |= _NETIO_PKT_NEED_EDMA_CSUM_MASK;
+}
+
+
+/** Set up an egress packet for hardware checksum computation.
+ * @ingroup egress
+ *
+ * NetIO provides the ability to automatically calculate a standard
+ * 16-bit Internet checksum on transmitted packets. The application
+ * may specify the point in the packet where the checksum starts, the
+ * number of bytes to be checksummed, and the two bytes in the packet
+ * which will be replaced with the completed checksum. (If the range
+ * of bytes to be checksummed includes the bytes to be replaced, the
+ * initial values of those bytes will be included in the checksum.)
+ *
+ * For some protocols, the packet checksum covers data which is not present
+ * in the packet, or is at least not contiguous to the main data payload.
+ * For instance, the TCP checksum includes a "pseudo-header" which includes
+ * the source and destination IP addresses of the packet. To accommodate
+ * this, the checksum engine may be "seeded" with an initial value, which
+ * the application would need to compute based on the specific protocol's
+ * requirements. Note that the seed is given in host byte order (little-
+ * endian), not network byte order (big-endian); code written to compute a
+ * pseudo-header checksum in network byte order will need to byte-swap it
+ * before use as the seed.
+ *
+ * Note that the checksum is computed as part of the transmission process,
+ * so it will not be present in the packet upon completion of this routine.
+ *
+ * @param[in,out] pkt Packet on which to operate.
+ * @param[in] start Offset within L2 packet of the first byte to include in
+ * the checksum.
+ * @param[in] length Number of bytes to include in the checksum.
+ * the checksum.
+ * @param[in] location Offset within L2 packet of the first of the two bytes
+ * to be replaced with the calculated checksum.
+ * @param[in] seed Initial value of the running checksum before any of the
+ * packet data is added.
+ */
+static __inline void
+NETIO_PKT_DO_EGRESS_CSUM(netio_pkt_t* pkt, int start, int length,
+ int location, uint16_t seed)
+{
+ netio_pkt_minimal_metadata_t* mmd = NETIO_PKT_MINIMAL_METADATA(pkt);
+
+ NETIO_PKT_DO_EGRESS_CSUM_MM(mmd, pkt, start, length, location, seed);
+}
+
+
+/** Return the number of bytes which could be prepended to a packet, using a
+ * metadata pointer to speed the operation.
+ * See @ref netio_populate_prepend_buffer() to get a full description of
+ * prepending.
+ *
+ * @param[in,out] mda Pointer to packet's standard metadata.
+ * @param[in] pkt Packet on which to operate.
+ */
+static __inline int
+NETIO_PKT_PREPEND_AVAIL_M(netio_pkt_metadata_t* mda, netio_pkt_t* pkt)
+{
+ return (pkt->__packet.bits.__offset << 6) +
+ NETIO_PKT_CUSTOM_HEADER_LENGTH_M(mda, pkt);
+}
+
+
+/** Return the number of bytes which could be prepended to a packet, using a
+ * metadata pointer to speed the operation.
+ * See @ref netio_populate_prepend_buffer() to get a full description of
+ * prepending.
+ * @ingroup egress
+ *
+ * @param[in,out] mmd Pointer to packet's minimal metadata.
+ * @param[in] pkt Packet on which to operate.
+ */
+static __inline int
+NETIO_PKT_PREPEND_AVAIL_MM(netio_pkt_minimal_metadata_t* mmd, netio_pkt_t* pkt)
+{
+ return (pkt->__packet.bits.__offset << 6) + mmd->l2_offset;
+}
+
+
+/** Return the number of bytes which could be prepended to a packet.
+ * See @ref netio_populate_prepend_buffer() to get a full description of
+ * prepending.
+ * @ingroup egress
+ *
+ * @param[in] pkt Packet on which to operate.
+ */
+static __inline int
+NETIO_PKT_PREPEND_AVAIL(netio_pkt_t* pkt)
+{
+ if (NETIO_PKT_IS_MINIMAL(pkt))
+ {
+ netio_pkt_minimal_metadata_t* mmd = NETIO_PKT_MINIMAL_METADATA(pkt);
+
+ return NETIO_PKT_PREPEND_AVAIL_MM(mmd, pkt);
+ }
+ else
+ {
+ netio_pkt_metadata_t* mda = NETIO_PKT_METADATA(pkt);
+
+ return NETIO_PKT_PREPEND_AVAIL_M(mda, pkt);
+ }
+}
+
+
+/** Flush a packet's minimal metadata from the cache, using a metadata pointer
+ * to speed the operation.
+ * @ingroup egress
+ *
+ * @param[in] mmd Pointer to packet's minimal metadata.
+ * @param[in] pkt Packet on which to operate.
+ */
+static __inline void
+NETIO_PKT_FLUSH_MINIMAL_METADATA_MM(netio_pkt_minimal_metadata_t* mmd,
+ netio_pkt_t* pkt)
+{
+}
+
+
+/** Invalidate a packet's minimal metadata from the cache, using a metadata
+ * pointer to speed the operation.
+ * @ingroup egress
+ *
+ * @param[in] mmd Pointer to packet's minimal metadata.
+ * @param[in] pkt Packet on which to operate.
+ */
+static __inline void
+NETIO_PKT_INV_MINIMAL_METADATA_MM(netio_pkt_minimal_metadata_t* mmd,
+ netio_pkt_t* pkt)
+{
+}
+
+
+/** Flush and then invalidate a packet's minimal metadata from the cache,
+ * using a metadata pointer to speed the operation.
+ * @ingroup egress
+ *
+ * @param[in] mmd Pointer to packet's minimal metadata.
+ * @param[in] pkt Packet on which to operate.
+ */
+static __inline void
+NETIO_PKT_FLUSH_INV_MINIMAL_METADATA_MM(netio_pkt_minimal_metadata_t* mmd,
+ netio_pkt_t* pkt)
+{
+}
+
+
+/** Flush a packet's metadata from the cache, using a metadata pointer
+ * to speed the operation.
+ * @ingroup ingress
+ *
+ * @param[in] mda Pointer to packet's minimal metadata.
+ * @param[in] pkt Packet on which to operate.
+ */
+static __inline void
+NETIO_PKT_FLUSH_METADATA_M(netio_pkt_metadata_t* mda, netio_pkt_t* pkt)
+{
+}
+
+
+/** Invalidate a packet's metadata from the cache, using a metadata
+ * pointer to speed the operation.
+ * @ingroup ingress
+ *
+ * @param[in] mda Pointer to packet's metadata.
+ * @param[in] pkt Packet on which to operate.
+ */
+static __inline void
+NETIO_PKT_INV_METADATA_M(netio_pkt_metadata_t* mda, netio_pkt_t* pkt)
+{
+}
+
+
+/** Flush and then invalidate a packet's metadata from the cache,
+ * using a metadata pointer to speed the operation.
+ * @ingroup ingress
+ *
+ * @param[in] mda Pointer to packet's metadata.
+ * @param[in] pkt Packet on which to operate.
+ */
+static __inline void
+NETIO_PKT_FLUSH_INV_METADATA_M(netio_pkt_metadata_t* mda, netio_pkt_t* pkt)
+{
+}
+
+
+/** Flush a packet's minimal metadata from the cache.
+ * @ingroup egress
+ *
+ * @param[in] pkt Packet on which to operate.
+ */
+static __inline void
+NETIO_PKT_FLUSH_MINIMAL_METADATA(netio_pkt_t* pkt)
+{
+}
+
+
+/** Invalidate a packet's minimal metadata from the cache.
+ * @ingroup egress
+ *
+ * @param[in] pkt Packet on which to operate.
+ */
+static __inline void
+NETIO_PKT_INV_MINIMAL_METADATA(netio_pkt_t* pkt)
+{
+}
+
+
+/** Flush and then invalidate a packet's minimal metadata from the cache.
+ * @ingroup egress
+ *
+ * @param[in] pkt Packet on which to operate.
+ */
+static __inline void
+NETIO_PKT_FLUSH_INV_MINIMAL_METADATA(netio_pkt_t* pkt)
+{
+}
+
+
+/** Flush a packet's metadata from the cache.
+ * @ingroup ingress
+ *
+ * @param[in] pkt Packet on which to operate.
+ */
+static __inline void
+NETIO_PKT_FLUSH_METADATA(netio_pkt_t* pkt)
+{
+}
+
+
+/** Invalidate a packet's metadata from the cache.
+ * @ingroup ingress
+ *
+ * @param[in] pkt Packet on which to operate.
+ */
+static __inline void
+NETIO_PKT_INV_METADATA(netio_pkt_t* pkt)
+{
+}
+
+
+/** Flush and then invalidate a packet's metadata from the cache.
+ * @ingroup ingress
+ *
+ * @param[in] pkt Packet on which to operate.
+ */
+static __inline void
+NETIO_PKT_FLUSH_INV_METADATA(netio_pkt_t* pkt)
+{
+}
+
+/** Number of NUMA nodes we can distribute buffers to.
+ * @ingroup setup */
+#define NETIO_NUM_NODE_WEIGHTS 16
+
+/**
+ * @brief An object for specifying the characteristics of NetIO communication
+ * endpoint.
+ *
+ * @ingroup setup
+ *
+ * The @ref netio_input_register() function uses this structure to define
+ * how an application tile will communicate with an IPP.
+ *
+ *
+ * Future updates to NetIO may add new members to this structure,
+ * which can affect the success of the registration operation. Thus,
+ * if dynamically initializing the structure, applications are urged to
+ * zero it out first, for example:
+ *
+ * @code
+ * netio_input_config_t config;
+ * memset(&config, 0, sizeof (config));
+ * config.flags = NETIO_RECV | NETIO_XMIT_CSUM | NETIO_TAG_NONE;
+ * config.num_receive_packets = NETIO_MAX_RECEIVE_PKTS;
+ * config.queue_id = 0;
+ * .
+ * .
+ * .
+ * @endcode
+ *
+ * since that guarantees that any unused structure members, including
+ * members which did not exist when the application was first developed,
+ * will not have unexpected values.
+ *
+ * If statically initializing the structure, we strongly recommend use of
+ * C99-style named initializers, for example:
+ *
+ * @code
+ * netio_input_config_t config = {
+ * .flags = NETIO_RECV | NETIO_XMIT_CSUM | NETIO_TAG_NONE,
+ * .num_receive_packets = NETIO_MAX_RECEIVE_PKTS,
+ * .queue_id = 0,
+ * },
+ * @endcode
+ *
+ * instead of the old-style structure initialization:
+ *
+ * @code
+ * // Bad example! Currently equivalent to the above, but don't do this.
+ * netio_input_config_t config = {
+ * NETIO_RECV | NETIO_XMIT_CSUM | NETIO_TAG_NONE, NETIO_MAX_RECEIVE_PKTS, 0
+ * },
+ * @endcode
+ *
+ * since the C99 style requires no changes to the code if elements of the
+ * config structure are rearranged. (It also makes the initialization much
+ * easier to understand.)
+ *
+ * Except for items which address a particular tile's transmit or receive
+ * characteristics, such as the ::NETIO_RECV flag, applications are advised
+ * to specify the same set of configuration data on all registrations.
+ * This prevents differing results if multiple tiles happen to do their
+ * registration operations in a different order on different invocations of
+ * the application. This is particularly important for things like link
+ * management flags, and buffer size and homing specifications.
+ *
+ * Unless the ::NETIO_FIXED_BUFFER_VA flag is specified in flags, the NetIO
+ * buffer pool is automatically created and mapped into the application's
+ * virtual address space at an address chosen by the operating system,
+ * using the common memory (cmem) facility in the Tilera Multicore
+ * Components library. The cmem facility allows multiple processes to gain
+ * access to shared memory which is mapped into each process at an
+ * identical virtual address. In order for this to work, the processes
+ * must have a common ancestor, which must create the common memory using
+ * tmc_cmem_init().
+ *
+ * In programs using the iLib process creation API, or in programs which use
+ * only one process (which include programs using the pthreads library),
+ * tmc_cmem_init() is called automatically. All other applications
+ * must call it explicitly, before any child processes which might call
+ * netio_input_register() are created.
+ */
+typedef struct
+{
+ /** Registration characteristics.
+
+ This value determines several characteristics of the registration;
+ flags for different types of behavior are ORed together to make the
+ final flag value. Generally applications should specify exactly
+ one flag from each of the following categories:
+
+ - Whether the application will be receiving packets on this queue
+ (::NETIO_RECV or ::NETIO_NO_RECV).
+
+ - Whether the application will be transmitting packets on this queue,
+ and if so, whether it will request egress checksum calculation
+ (::NETIO_XMIT, ::NETIO_XMIT_CSUM, or ::NETIO_NO_XMIT). It is
+ legal to call netio_get_buffer() without one of the XMIT flags,
+ as long as ::NETIO_RECV is specified; in this case, the retrieved
+ buffers must be passed to another tile for transmission.
+
+ - Whether the application expects any vendor-specific tags in
+ its packets' L2 headers (::NETIO_TAG_NONE, ::NETIO_TAG_BRCM,
+ or ::NETIO_TAG_MRVL). This must match the configuration of the
+ target IPP.
+
+ To accommodate applications written to previous versions of the NetIO
+ interface, none of the flags above are currently required; if omitted,
+ NetIO behaves more or less as if ::NETIO_RECV | ::NETIO_XMIT_CSUM |
+ ::NETIO_TAG_NONE were used. However, explicit specification of
+ the relevant flags allows NetIO to do a better job of resource
+ allocation, allows earlier detection of certain configuration errors,
+ and may enable advanced features or higher performance in the future,
+ so their use is strongly recommended.
+
+ Note that specifying ::NETIO_NO_RECV along with ::NETIO_NO_XMIT
+ is a special case, intended primarily for use by programs which
+ retrieve network statistics or do link management operations.
+ When these flags are both specified, the resulting queue may not
+ be used with NetIO routines other than netio_get(), netio_set(),
+ and netio_input_unregister(). See @ref link for more information
+ on link management.
+
+ Other flags are optional; their use is described below.
+ */
+ int flags;
+
+ /** Interface name. This is a string which identifies the specific
+ Ethernet controller hardware to be used. The format of the string
+ is a device type and a device index, separated by a slash; so,
+ the first 10 Gigabit Ethernet controller is named "xgbe/0", while
+ the second 10/100/1000 Megabit Ethernet controller is named "gbe/1".
+ */
+ const char* interface;
+
+ /** Receive packet queue size. This specifies the maximum number
+ of ingress packets that can be received on this queue without
+ being retrieved by @ref netio_get_packet(). If the IPP's distribution
+ algorithm calls for a packet to be sent to this queue, and this
+ number of packets are already pending there, the new packet
+ will either be discarded, or sent to another tile registered
+ for the same queue_id (see @ref drops). This value must
+ be at least ::NETIO_MIN_RECEIVE_PKTS, can always be at least
+ ::NETIO_MAX_RECEIVE_PKTS, and may be larger than that on certain
+ interfaces.
+ */
+ int num_receive_packets;
+
+ /** The queue ID being requested. Legal values for this range from 0
+ to ::NETIO_MAX_QUEUE_ID, inclusive. ::NETIO_MAX_QUEUE_ID is always
+ greater than or equal to the number of tiles; this allows one queue
+ for each tile, plus at least one additional queue. Some applications
+ may wish to use the additional queue as a destination for unwanted
+ packets, since packets delivered to queues for which no tiles have
+ registered are discarded.
+ */
+ unsigned int queue_id;
+
+ /** Maximum number of small send buffers to be held in the local empty
+ buffer cache. This specifies the size of the area which holds
+ empty small egress buffers requested from the IPP but not yet
+ retrieved via @ref netio_get_buffer(). This value must be greater
+ than zero if the application will ever use @ref netio_get_buffer()
+ to allocate empty small egress buffers; it may be no larger than
+ ::NETIO_MAX_SEND_BUFFERS. See @ref epp for more details on empty
+ buffer caching.
+ */
+ int num_send_buffers_small_total;
+
+ /** Number of small send buffers to be preallocated at registration.
+ If this value is nonzero, the specified number of empty small egress
+ buffers will be requested from the IPP during the netio_input_register
+ operation; this may speed the execution of @ref netio_get_buffer().
+ This may be no larger than @ref num_send_buffers_small_total. See @ref
+ epp for more details on empty buffer caching.
+ */
+ int num_send_buffers_small_prealloc;
+
+ /** Maximum number of large send buffers to be held in the local empty
+ buffer cache. This specifies the size of the area which holds empty
+ large egress buffers requested from the IPP but not yet retrieved via
+ @ref netio_get_buffer(). This value must be greater than zero if the
+ application will ever use @ref netio_get_buffer() to allocate empty
+ large egress buffers; it may be no larger than ::NETIO_MAX_SEND_BUFFERS.
+ See @ref epp for more details on empty buffer caching.
+ */
+ int num_send_buffers_large_total;
+
+ /** Number of large send buffers to be preallocated at registration.
+ If this value is nonzero, the specified number of empty large egress
+ buffers will be requested from the IPP during the netio_input_register
+ operation; this may speed the execution of @ref netio_get_buffer().
+ This may be no larger than @ref num_send_buffers_large_total. See @ref
+ epp for more details on empty buffer caching.
+ */
+ int num_send_buffers_large_prealloc;
+
+ /** Maximum number of jumbo send buffers to be held in the local empty
+ buffer cache. This specifies the size of the area which holds empty
+ jumbo egress buffers requested from the IPP but not yet retrieved via
+ @ref netio_get_buffer(). This value must be greater than zero if the
+ application will ever use @ref netio_get_buffer() to allocate empty
+ jumbo egress buffers; it may be no larger than ::NETIO_MAX_SEND_BUFFERS.
+ See @ref epp for more details on empty buffer caching.
+ */
+ int num_send_buffers_jumbo_total;
+
+ /** Number of jumbo send buffers to be preallocated at registration.
+ If this value is nonzero, the specified number of empty jumbo egress
+ buffers will be requested from the IPP during the netio_input_register
+ operation; this may speed the execution of @ref netio_get_buffer().
+ This may be no larger than @ref num_send_buffers_jumbo_total. See @ref
+ epp for more details on empty buffer caching.
+ */
+ int num_send_buffers_jumbo_prealloc;
+
+ /** Total packet buffer size. This determines the total size, in bytes,
+ of the NetIO buffer pool. Note that the maximum number of available
+ buffers of each size is determined during hypervisor configuration
+ (see the <em>System Programmer's Guide</em> for details); this just
+ influences how much host memory is allocated for those buffers.
+
+ The buffer pool is allocated from common memory, which will be
+ automatically initialized if needed. If your buffer pool is larger
+ than 240 MB, you might need to explicitly call @c tmc_cmem_init(),
+ as described in the Application Libraries Reference Manual (UG227).
+
+ Packet buffers are currently allocated in chunks of 16 MB; this
+ value will be rounded up to the next larger multiple of 16 MB.
+ If this value is zero, a default of 32 MB will be used; this was
+ the value used by previous versions of NetIO. Note that taking this
+ default also affects the placement of buffers on Linux NUMA nodes.
+ See @ref buffer_node_weights for an explanation of buffer placement.
+
+ In order to successfully allocate packet buffers, Linux must have
+ available huge pages on the relevant Linux NUMA nodes. See the
+ <em>System Programmer's Guide</em> for information on configuring
+ huge page support in Linux.
+ */
+ uint64_t total_buffer_size;
+
+ /** Buffer placement weighting factors.
+
+ This array specifies the relative amount of buffering to place
+ on each of the available Linux NUMA nodes. This array is
+ indexed by the NUMA node, and the values in the array are
+ proportional to the amount of buffer space to allocate on that
+ node.
+
+ If memory striping is enabled in the Hypervisor, then there is
+ only one logical NUMA node (node 0). In that case, NetIO will by
+ default ignore the suggested buffer node weights, and buffers
+ will be striped across the physical memory controllers. See
+ UG209 System Programmer's Guide for a description of the
+ hypervisor option that controls memory striping.
+
+ If memory striping is disabled, then there are up to four NUMA
+ nodes, corresponding to the four DDRAM controllers in the TILE
+ processor architecture. See UG100 Tile Processor Architecture
+ Overview for a diagram showing the location of each of the DDRAM
+ controllers relative to the tile array.
+
+ For instance, if memory striping is disabled, the following
+ configuration strucure:
+
+ @code
+ netio_input_config_t config = {
+ .
+ .
+ .
+ .total_buffer_size = 4 * 16 * 1024 * 1024;
+ .buffer_node_weights = { 1, 0, 1, 0 },
+ },
+ @endcode
+
+ would result in 32 MB of buffers being placed on controller 0, and
+ 32 MB on controller 2. (Since buffers are allocated in units of
+ 16 MB, some sets of weights will not be able to be matched exactly.)
+
+ For the weights to be effective, @ref total_buffer_size must be
+ nonzero. If @ref total_buffer_size is zero, causing the default
+ 32 MB of buffer space to be used, then any specified weights will
+ be ignored, and buffers will positioned as they were in previous
+ versions of NetIO:
+
+ - For xgbe/0 and gbe/0, 16 MB of buffers will be placed on controller 1,
+ and the other 16 MB will be placed on controller 2.
+
+ - For xgbe/1 and gbe/1, 16 MB of buffers will be placed on controller 2,
+ and the other 16 MB will be placed on controller 3.
+
+ If @ref total_buffer_size is nonzero, but all weights are zero,
+ then all buffer space will be allocated on Linux NUMA node zero.
+
+ By default, the specified buffer placement is treated as a hint;
+ if sufficient free memory is not available on the specified
+ controllers, the buffers will be allocated elsewhere. However,
+ if the ::NETIO_STRICT_HOMING flag is specified in @ref flags, then a
+ failure to allocate buffer space exactly as requested will cause the
+ registration operation to fail with an error of ::NETIO_CANNOT_HOME.
+
+ Note that maximal network performance cannot be achieved with
+ only one memory controller.
+ */
+ uint8_t buffer_node_weights[NETIO_NUM_NODE_WEIGHTS];
+
+ /** Fixed virtual address for packet buffers. Only valid when
+ ::NETIO_FIXED_BUFFER_VA is specified in @ref flags; see the
+ description of that flag for details.
+ */
+ void* fixed_buffer_va;
+
+ /**
+ Maximum number of outstanding send packet requests. This value is
+ only relevant when an EPP is in use; it determines the number of
+ slots in the EPP's outgoing packet queue which this tile is allowed
+ to consume, and thus the number of packets which may be sent before
+ the sending tile must wait for an acknowledgment from the EPP.
+ Modifying this value is generally only helpful when using @ref
+ netio_send_packet_vector(), where it can help improve performance by
+ allowing a single vector send operation to process more packets.
+ Typically it is not specified, and the default, which divides the
+ outgoing packet slots evenly between all tiles on the chip, is used.
+
+ If a registration asks for more outgoing packet queue slots than are
+ available, ::NETIO_TOOMANY_XMIT will be returned. The total number
+ of packet queue slots which are available for all tiles for each EPP
+ is subject to change, but is currently ::NETIO_TOTAL_SENDS_OUTSTANDING.
+
+
+ This value is ignored if ::NETIO_XMIT is not specified in flags.
+ If you want to specify a large value here for a specific tile, you are
+ advised to specify NETIO_NO_XMIT on other, non-transmitting tiles so
+ that they do not consume a default number of packet slots. Any tile
+ transmitting is required to have at least ::NETIO_MIN_SENDS_OUTSTANDING
+ slots allocated to it; values less than that will be silently
+ increased by the NetIO library.
+ */
+ int num_sends_outstanding;
+}
+netio_input_config_t;
+
+
+/** Registration flags; used in the @ref netio_input_config_t structure.
+ * @addtogroup setup
+ */
+/** @{ */
+
+/** Fail a registration request if we can't put packet buffers
+ on the specified memory controllers. */
+#define NETIO_STRICT_HOMING 0x00000002
+
+/** This application expects no tags on its L2 headers. */
+#define NETIO_TAG_NONE 0x00000004
+
+/** This application expects Marvell extended tags on its L2 headers. */
+#define NETIO_TAG_MRVL 0x00000008
+
+/** This application expects Broadcom tags on its L2 headers. */
+#define NETIO_TAG_BRCM 0x00000010
+
+/** This registration may call routines which receive packets. */
+#define NETIO_RECV 0x00000020
+
+/** This registration may not call routines which receive packets. */
+#define NETIO_NO_RECV 0x00000040
+
+/** This registration may call routines which transmit packets. */
+#define NETIO_XMIT 0x00000080
+
+/** This registration may call routines which transmit packets with
+ checksum acceleration. */
+#define NETIO_XMIT_CSUM 0x00000100
+
+/** This registration may not call routines which transmit packets. */
+#define NETIO_NO_XMIT 0x00000200
+
+/** This registration wants NetIO buffers mapped at an application-specified
+ virtual address.
+
+ NetIO buffers are by default created by the TMC common memory facility,
+ which must be configured by a common ancestor of all processes sharing
+ a network interface. When this flag is specified, NetIO buffers are
+ instead mapped at an address chosen by the application (and specified
+ in @ref netio_input_config_t::fixed_buffer_va). This allows multiple
+ unrelated but cooperating processes to share a NetIO interface.
+ All processes sharing the same interface must specify this flag,
+ and all must specify the same fixed virtual address.
+
+ @ref netio_input_config_t::fixed_buffer_va must be a
+ multiple of 16 MB, and the packet buffers will occupy @ref
+ netio_input_config_t::total_buffer_size bytes of virtual address
+ space, beginning at that address. If any of those virtual addresses
+ are currently occupied by other memory objects, like application or
+ shared library code or data, @ref netio_input_register() will return
+ ::NETIO_FAULT. While it is impossible to provide a fixed_buffer_va
+ which will work for all applications, a good first guess might be to
+ use 0xb0000000 minus @ref netio_input_config_t::total_buffer_size.
+ If that fails, it might be helpful to consult the running application's
+ virtual address description file (/proc/<em>pid</em>/maps) to see
+ which regions of virtual address space are available.
+ */
+#define NETIO_FIXED_BUFFER_VA 0x00000400
+
+/** This registration call will not complete unless the network link
+ is up. The process will wait several seconds for this to happen (the
+ precise interval is link-dependent), but if the link does not come up,
+ ::NETIO_LINK_DOWN will be returned. This flag is the default if
+ ::NETIO_NOREQUIRE_LINK_UP is not specified. Note that this flag by
+ itself does not request that the link be brought up; that can be done
+ with the ::NETIO_AUTO_LINK_UPDN or ::NETIO_AUTO_LINK_UP flags (the
+ latter is the default if no NETIO_AUTO_LINK_xxx flags are specified),
+ or by explicitly setting the link's desired state via netio_set().
+ If the link is not brought up by one of those methods, and this flag
+ is specified, the registration operation will return ::NETIO_LINK_DOWN.
+ This flag is ignored if it is specified along with ::NETIO_NO_XMIT and
+ ::NETIO_NO_RECV. See @ref link for more information on link
+ management.
+ */
+#define NETIO_REQUIRE_LINK_UP 0x00000800
+
+/** This registration call will complete even if the network link is not up.
+ Whenever the link is not up, packets will not be sent or received:
+ netio_get_packet() will return ::NETIO_NOPKT once all queued packets
+ have been drained, and netio_send_packet() and similar routines will
+ return NETIO_QUEUE_FULL once the outgoing packet queue in the EPP
+ or the I/O shim is full. See @ref link for more information on link
+ management.
+ */
+#define NETIO_NOREQUIRE_LINK_UP 0x00001000
+
+#ifndef __DOXYGEN__
+/*
+ * These are part of the implementation of the NETIO_AUTO_LINK_xxx flags,
+ * but should not be used directly by applications, and are thus not
+ * documented.
+ */
+#define _NETIO_AUTO_UP 0x00002000
+#define _NETIO_AUTO_DN 0x00004000
+#define _NETIO_AUTO_PRESENT 0x00008000
+#endif
+
+/** Set the desired state of the link to up, allowing any speeds which are
+ supported by the link hardware, as part of this registration operation.
+ Do not take down the link automatically. This is the default if
+ no other NETIO_AUTO_LINK_xxx flags are specified. This flag is ignored
+ if it is specified along with ::NETIO_NO_XMIT and ::NETIO_NO_RECV.
+ See @ref link for more information on link management.
+ */
+#define NETIO_AUTO_LINK_UP (_NETIO_AUTO_PRESENT | _NETIO_AUTO_UP)
+
+/** Set the desired state of the link to up, allowing any speeds which are
+ supported by the link hardware, as part of this registration operation.
+ Set the desired state of the link to down the next time no tiles are
+ registered for packet reception or transmission. This flag is ignored
+ if it is specified along with ::NETIO_NO_XMIT and ::NETIO_NO_RECV.
+ See @ref link for more information on link management.
+ */
+#define NETIO_AUTO_LINK_UPDN (_NETIO_AUTO_PRESENT | _NETIO_AUTO_UP | \
+ _NETIO_AUTO_DN)
+
+/** Set the desired state of the link to down the next time no tiles are
+ registered for packet reception or transmission. This flag is ignored
+ if it is specified along with ::NETIO_NO_XMIT and ::NETIO_NO_RECV.
+ See @ref link for more information on link management.
+ */
+#define NETIO_AUTO_LINK_DN (_NETIO_AUTO_PRESENT | _NETIO_AUTO_DN)
+
+/** Do not bring up the link automatically as part of this registration
+ operation. Do not take down the link automatically. This flag
+ is ignored if it is specified along with ::NETIO_NO_XMIT and
+ ::NETIO_NO_RECV. See @ref link for more information on link management.
+ */
+#define NETIO_AUTO_LINK_NONE _NETIO_AUTO_PRESENT
+
+
+/** Minimum number of receive packets. */
+#define NETIO_MIN_RECEIVE_PKTS 16
+
+/** Lower bound on the maximum number of receive packets; may be higher
+ than this on some interfaces. */
+#define NETIO_MAX_RECEIVE_PKTS 128
+
+/** Maximum number of send buffers, per packet size. */
+#define NETIO_MAX_SEND_BUFFERS 16
+
+/** Number of EPP queue slots, and thus outstanding sends, per EPP. */
+#define NETIO_TOTAL_SENDS_OUTSTANDING 2015
+
+/** Minimum number of EPP queue slots, and thus outstanding sends, per
+ * transmitting tile. */
+#define NETIO_MIN_SENDS_OUTSTANDING 16
+
+
+/**@}*/
+
+#ifndef __DOXYGEN__
+
+/**
+ * An object for providing Ethernet packets to a process.
+ */
+struct __netio_queue_impl_t;
+
+/**
+ * An object for managing the user end of a NetIO queue.
+ */
+struct __netio_queue_user_impl_t;
+
+#endif /* !__DOXYGEN__ */
+
+
+/** A netio_queue_t describes a NetIO communications endpoint.
+ * @ingroup setup
+ */
+typedef struct
+{
+#ifdef __DOXYGEN__
+ uint8_t opaque[8]; /**< This is an opaque structure. */
+#else
+ struct __netio_queue_impl_t* __system_part; /**< The system part. */
+ struct __netio_queue_user_impl_t* __user_part; /**< The user part. */
+#ifdef _NETIO_PTHREAD
+ _netio_percpu_mutex_t lock; /**< Queue lock. */
+#endif
+#endif
+}
+netio_queue_t;
+
+
+/**
+ * @brief Packet send context.
+ *
+ * @ingroup egress
+ *
+ * Packet send context for use with netio_send_packet_prepare and _commit.
+ */
+typedef struct
+{
+#ifdef __DOXYGEN__
+ uint8_t opaque[44]; /**< This is an opaque structure. */
+#else
+ uint8_t flags; /**< Defined below */
+ uint8_t datalen; /**< Number of valid words pointed to by data. */
+ uint32_t request[9]; /**< Request to be sent to the EPP or shim. Note
+ that this is smaller than the 11-word maximum
+ request size, since some constant values are
+ not saved in the context. */
+ uint32_t *data; /**< Data to be sent to the EPP or shim via IDN. */
+#endif
+}
+netio_send_pkt_context_t;
+
+
+#ifndef __DOXYGEN__
+#define SEND_PKT_CTX_USE_EPP 1 /**< We're sending to an EPP. */
+#define SEND_PKT_CTX_SEND_CSUM 2 /**< Request includes a checksum. */
+#endif
+
+/**
+ * @brief Packet vector entry.
+ *
+ * @ingroup egress
+ *
+ * This data structure is used with netio_send_packet_vector() to send multiple
+ * packets with one NetIO call. The structure should be initialized by
+ * calling netio_pkt_vector_set(), rather than by setting the fields
+ * directly.
+ *
+ * This structure is guaranteed to be a power of two in size, no
+ * bigger than one L2 cache line, and to be aligned modulo its size.
+ */
+typedef struct
+#ifndef __DOXYGEN__
+__attribute__((aligned(8)))
+#endif
+{
+ /** Reserved for use by the user application. When initialized with
+ * the netio_set_pkt_vector_entry() function, this field is guaranteed
+ * to be visible to readers only after all other fields are already
+ * visible. This way it can be used as a valid flag or generation
+ * counter. */
+ uint8_t user_data;
+
+ /* Structure members below this point should not be accessed directly by
+ * applications, as they may change in the future. */
+
+ /** Low 8 bits of the packet address to send. The high bits are
+ * acquired from the 'handle' field. */
+ uint8_t buffer_address_low;
+
+ /** Number of bytes to transmit. */
+ uint16_t size;
+
+ /** The raw handle from a netio_pkt_t. If this is NETIO_PKT_HANDLE_NONE,
+ * this vector entry will be skipped and no packet will be transmitted. */
+ netio_pkt_handle_t handle;
+}
+netio_pkt_vector_entry_t;
+
+
+/**
+ * @brief Initialize fields in a packet vector entry.
+ *
+ * @ingroup egress
+ *
+ * @param[out] v Pointer to the vector entry to be initialized.
+ * @param[in] pkt Packet to be transmitted when the vector entry is passed to
+ * netio_send_packet_vector(). Note that the packet's attributes
+ * (e.g., its L2 offset and length) are captured at the time this
+ * routine is called; subsequent changes in those attributes will not
+ * be reflected in the packet which is actually transmitted.
+ * Changes in the packet's contents, however, will be so reflected.
+ * If this is NULL, no packet will be transmitted.
+ * @param[in] user_data User data to be set in the vector entry.
+ * This function guarantees that the "user_data" field will become
+ * visible to a reader only after all other fields have become visible.
+ * This allows a structure in a ring buffer to be written and read
+ * by a polling reader without any locks or other synchronization.
+ */
+static __inline void
+netio_pkt_vector_set(volatile netio_pkt_vector_entry_t* v, netio_pkt_t* pkt,
+ uint8_t user_data)
+{
+ if (pkt)
+ {
+ if (NETIO_PKT_IS_MINIMAL(pkt))
+ {
+ netio_pkt_minimal_metadata_t* mmd =
+ (netio_pkt_minimal_metadata_t*) &pkt->__metadata;
+ v->buffer_address_low = (uintptr_t) NETIO_PKT_L2_DATA_MM(mmd, pkt) & 0xFF;
+ v->size = NETIO_PKT_L2_LENGTH_MM(mmd, pkt);
+ }
+ else
+ {
+ netio_pkt_metadata_t* mda = &pkt->__metadata;
+ v->buffer_address_low = (uintptr_t) NETIO_PKT_L2_DATA_M(mda, pkt) & 0xFF;
+ v->size = NETIO_PKT_L2_LENGTH_M(mda, pkt);
+ }
+ v->handle.word = pkt->__packet.word;
+ }
+ else
+ {
+ v->handle.word = 0; /* Set handle to NETIO_PKT_HANDLE_NONE. */
+ }
+
+ __asm__("" : : : "memory");
+
+ v->user_data = user_data;
+}
+
+
+/**
+ * Flags and structures for @ref netio_get() and @ref netio_set().
+ * @ingroup config
+ */
+
+/** @{ */
+/** Parameter class; addr is a NETIO_PARAM_xxx value. */
+#define NETIO_PARAM 0
+/** Interface MAC address. This address is only valid with @ref netio_get().
+ * The value is a 6-byte MAC address. Depending upon the overall system
+ * design, a MAC address may or may not be available for each interface. */
+#define NETIO_PARAM_MAC 0
+
+/** Determine whether to suspend output on the receipt of pause frames.
+ * If the value is nonzero, the I/O shim will suspend output when a pause
+ * frame is received. If the value is zero, pause frames will be ignored. */
+#define NETIO_PARAM_PAUSE_IN 1
+
+/** Determine whether to send pause frames if the I/O shim packet FIFOs are
+ * nearly full. If the value is zero, pause frames are not sent. If
+ * the value is nonzero, it is the delay value which will be sent in any
+ * pause frames which are output, in units of 512 bit times. */
+#define NETIO_PARAM_PAUSE_OUT 2
+
+/** Jumbo frame support. The value is a 4-byte integer. If the value is
+ * nonzero, the MAC will accept frames of up to 10240 bytes. If the value
+ * is zero, the MAC will only accept frames of up to 1544 bytes. */
+#define NETIO_PARAM_JUMBO 3
+
+/** I/O shim's overflow statistics register. The value is two 16-bit integers.
+ * The first 16-bit value (or the low 16 bits, if the value is treated as a
+ * 32-bit number) is the count of packets which were completely dropped and
+ * not delivered by the shim. The second 16-bit value (or the high 16 bits,
+ * if the value is treated as a 32-bit number) is the count of packets
+ * which were truncated and thus only partially delivered by the shim. This
+ * register is automatically reset to zero after it has been read.
+ */
+#define NETIO_PARAM_OVERFLOW 4
+
+/** IPP statistics. This address is only valid with @ref netio_get(). The
+ * value is a netio_stat_t structure. Unlike the I/O shim statistics, the
+ * IPP statistics are not all reset to zero on read; see the description
+ * of the netio_stat_t for details. */
+#define NETIO_PARAM_STAT 5
+
+/** Possible link state. The value is a combination of "NETIO_LINK_xxx"
+ * flags. With @ref netio_get(), this will indicate which flags are
+ * actually supported by the hardware.
+ *
+ * For historical reasons, specifying this value to netio_set() will have
+ * the same behavior as using ::NETIO_PARAM_LINK_CONFIG, but this usage is
+ * discouraged.
+ */
+#define NETIO_PARAM_LINK_POSSIBLE_STATE 6
+
+/** Link configuration. The value is a combination of "NETIO_LINK_xxx" flags.
+ * With @ref netio_set(), this will attempt to immediately bring up the
+ * link using whichever of the requested flags are supported by the
+ * hardware, or take down the link if the flags are zero; if this is
+ * not possible, an error will be returned. Many programs will want
+ * to use ::NETIO_PARAM_LINK_DESIRED_STATE instead.
+ *
+ * For historical reasons, specifying this value to netio_get() will
+ * have the same behavior as using ::NETIO_PARAM_LINK_POSSIBLE_STATE,
+ * but this usage is discouraged.
+ */
+#define NETIO_PARAM_LINK_CONFIG NETIO_PARAM_LINK_POSSIBLE_STATE
+
+/** Current link state. This address is only valid with @ref netio_get().
+ * The value is zero or more of the "NETIO_LINK_xxx" flags, ORed together.
+ * If the link is down, the value ANDed with NETIO_LINK_SPEED will be
+ * zero; if the link is up, the value ANDed with NETIO_LINK_SPEED will
+ * result in exactly one of the NETIO_LINK_xxx values, indicating the
+ * current speed. */
+#define NETIO_PARAM_LINK_CURRENT_STATE 7
+
+/** Variant symbol for current state, retained for compatibility with
+ * pre-MDE-2.1 programs. */
+#define NETIO_PARAM_LINK_STATUS NETIO_PARAM_LINK_CURRENT_STATE
+
+/** Packet Coherence protocol. This address is only valid with @ref netio_get().
+ * The value is nonzero if the interface is configured for cache-coherent DMA.
+ */
+#define NETIO_PARAM_COHERENT 8
+
+/** Desired link state. The value is a conbination of "NETIO_LINK_xxx"
+ * flags, which specify the desired state for the link. With @ref
+ * netio_set(), this will, in the background, attempt to bring up the link
+ * using whichever of the requested flags are reasonable, or take down the
+ * link if the flags are zero. The actual link up or down operation may
+ * happen after this call completes. If the link state changes in the
+ * future, the system will continue to try to get back to the desired link
+ * state; for instance, if the link is brought up successfully, and then
+ * the network cable is disconnected, the link will go down. However, the
+ * desired state of the link is still up, so if the cable is reconnected,
+ * the link will be brought up again.
+ *
+ * With @ref netio_get(), this will indicate the desired state for the
+ * link, as set with a previous netio_set() call, or implicitly by a
+ * netio_input_register() or netio_input_unregister() operation. This may
+ * not reflect the current state of the link; to get that, use
+ * ::NETIO_PARAM_LINK_CURRENT_STATE. */
+#define NETIO_PARAM_LINK_DESIRED_STATE 9
+
+/** NetIO statistics structure. Retrieved using the ::NETIO_PARAM_STAT
+ * address passed to @ref netio_get(). */
+typedef struct
+{
+ /** Number of packets which have been received by the IPP and forwarded
+ * to a tile's receive queue for processing. This value wraps at its
+ * maximum, and is not cleared upon read. */
+ uint32_t packets_received;
+
+ /** Number of packets which have been dropped by the IPP, because they could
+ * not be received, or could not be forwarded to a tile. The former happens
+ * when the IPP does not have a free packet buffer of suitable size for an
+ * incoming frame. The latter happens when all potential destination tiles
+ * for a packet, as defined by the group, bucket, and queue configuration,
+ * have full receive queues. This value wraps at its maximum, and is not
+ * cleared upon read. */
+ uint32_t packets_dropped;
+
+ /*
+ * Note: the #defines after each of the following four one-byte values
+ * denote their location within the third word of the netio_stat_t. They
+ * are intended for use only by the IPP implementation and are thus omitted
+ * from the Doxygen output.
+ */
+
+ /** Number of packets dropped because no worker was able to accept a new
+ * packet. This value saturates at its maximum, and is cleared upon
+ * read. */
+ uint8_t drops_no_worker;
+#ifndef __DOXYGEN__
+#define NETIO_STAT_DROPS_NO_WORKER 0
+#endif
+
+ /** Number of packets dropped because no small buffers were available.
+ * This value saturates at its maximum, and is cleared upon read. */
+ uint8_t drops_no_smallbuf;
+#ifndef __DOXYGEN__
+#define NETIO_STAT_DROPS_NO_SMALLBUF 1
+#endif
+
+ /** Number of packets dropped because no large buffers were available.
+ * This value saturates at its maximum, and is cleared upon read. */
+ uint8_t drops_no_largebuf;
+#ifndef __DOXYGEN__
+#define NETIO_STAT_DROPS_NO_LARGEBUF 2
+#endif
+
+ /** Number of packets dropped because no jumbo buffers were available.
+ * This value saturates at its maximum, and is cleared upon read. */
+ uint8_t drops_no_jumbobuf;
+#ifndef __DOXYGEN__
+#define NETIO_STAT_DROPS_NO_JUMBOBUF 3
+#endif
+}
+netio_stat_t;
+
+
+/** Link can run, should run, or is running at 10 Mbps. */
+#define NETIO_LINK_10M 0x01
+
+/** Link can run, should run, or is running at 100 Mbps. */
+#define NETIO_LINK_100M 0x02
+
+/** Link can run, should run, or is running at 1 Gbps. */
+#define NETIO_LINK_1G 0x04
+
+/** Link can run, should run, or is running at 10 Gbps. */
+#define NETIO_LINK_10G 0x08
+
+/** Link should run at the highest speed supported by the link and by
+ * the device connected to the link. Only usable as a value for
+ * the link's desired state; never returned as a value for the current
+ * or possible states. */
+#define NETIO_LINK_ANYSPEED 0x10
+
+/** All legal link speeds. */
+#define NETIO_LINK_SPEED (NETIO_LINK_10M | \
+ NETIO_LINK_100M | \
+ NETIO_LINK_1G | \
+ NETIO_LINK_10G | \
+ NETIO_LINK_ANYSPEED)
+
+
+/** MAC register class. Addr is a register offset within the MAC.
+ * Registers within the XGbE and GbE MACs are documented in the Tile
+ * Processor I/O Device Guide (UG104). MAC registers start at address
+ * 0x4000, and do not include the MAC_INTERFACE registers. */
+#define NETIO_MAC 1
+
+/** MDIO register class (IEEE 802.3 clause 22 format). Addr is the "addr"
+ * member of a netio_mdio_addr_t structure. */
+#define NETIO_MDIO 2
+
+/** MDIO register class (IEEE 802.3 clause 45 format). Addr is the "addr"
+ * member of a netio_mdio_addr_t structure. */
+#define NETIO_MDIO_CLAUSE45 3
+
+/** NetIO MDIO address type. Retrieved or provided using the ::NETIO_MDIO
+ * address passed to @ref netio_get() or @ref netio_set(). */
+typedef union
+{
+ struct
+ {
+ unsigned int reg:16; /**< MDIO register offset. For clause 22 access,
+ must be less than 32. */
+ unsigned int phy:5; /**< Which MDIO PHY to access. */
+ unsigned int dev:5; /**< Which MDIO device to access within that PHY.
+ Applicable for clause 45 access only; ignored
+ for clause 22 access. */
+ }
+ bits; /**< Container for bitfields. */
+ uint64_t addr; /**< Value to pass to @ref netio_get() or
+ * @ref netio_set(). */
+}
+netio_mdio_addr_t;
+
+/** @} */
+
+#endif /* __NETIO_INTF_H__ */