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-rw-r--r--Documentation/ABI/obsolete/dv13949
-rw-r--r--Documentation/ABI/obsolete/proc-pid-oom_adj22
-rw-r--r--Documentation/ABI/removed/dv139414
-rw-r--r--Documentation/ABI/removed/raw139415
-rw-r--r--Documentation/ABI/removed/raw1394_legacy_isochronous16
-rw-r--r--Documentation/ABI/removed/video139416
-rw-r--r--Documentation/ABI/testing/sysfs-block-zram99
-rw-r--r--Documentation/ABI/testing/sysfs-devices-system-ibm-rtl22
-rw-r--r--Documentation/DocBook/device-drivers.tmpl5
-rw-r--r--Documentation/DocBook/kernel-api.tmpl6
-rw-r--r--Documentation/DocBook/kgdb.tmpl13
-rw-r--r--Documentation/DocBook/media-entities.tmpl6
-rw-r--r--Documentation/DocBook/v4l/compat.xml24
-rw-r--r--Documentation/DocBook/v4l/controls.xml12
-rw-r--r--Documentation/DocBook/v4l/dev-rds.xml68
-rw-r--r--Documentation/DocBook/v4l/dev-teletext.xml29
-rw-r--r--Documentation/DocBook/v4l/pixfmt-packed-rgb.xml2
-rw-r--r--Documentation/DocBook/v4l/pixfmt-srggb10.xml90
-rw-r--r--Documentation/DocBook/v4l/pixfmt-srggb8.xml67
-rw-r--r--Documentation/DocBook/v4l/pixfmt-y10.xml79
-rw-r--r--Documentation/DocBook/v4l/pixfmt.xml32
-rw-r--r--Documentation/DocBook/v4l/v4l2.xml10
-rw-r--r--Documentation/DocBook/v4l/videodev2.h.xml106
-rw-r--r--Documentation/DocBook/v4l/vidioc-g-dv-preset.xml3
-rw-r--r--Documentation/DocBook/v4l/vidioc-g-dv-timings.xml3
-rw-r--r--Documentation/DocBook/v4l/vidioc-query-dv-preset.xml2
-rw-r--r--Documentation/DocBook/v4l/vidioc-querycap.xml7
-rw-r--r--Documentation/DocBook/v4l/vidioc-queryctrl.xml18
-rw-r--r--Documentation/DocBook/v4l/vidioc-s-hw-freq-seek.xml10
-rw-r--r--Documentation/accounting/getdelays.c38
-rw-r--r--Documentation/block/switching-sched.txt8
-rw-r--r--Documentation/cgroups/cgroups.txt14
-rw-r--r--Documentation/coccinelle.txt50
-rw-r--r--Documentation/devices.txt9
-rw-r--r--Documentation/dvb/get_dvb_firmware46
-rw-r--r--Documentation/dvb/lmedm04.txt58
-rw-r--r--Documentation/fb/viafb.txt48
-rw-r--r--Documentation/feature-removal-schedule.txt77
-rw-r--r--Documentation/filesystems/00-INDEX2
-rw-r--r--Documentation/filesystems/9p.txt4
-rw-r--r--Documentation/filesystems/Locking33
-rw-r--r--Documentation/filesystems/ext4.txt14
-rw-r--r--Documentation/filesystems/nfs/00-INDEX4
-rw-r--r--Documentation/filesystems/nfs/idmapper.txt67
-rw-r--r--Documentation/filesystems/nfs/nfsroot.txt22
-rw-r--r--Documentation/filesystems/nfs/pnfs.txt48
-rw-r--r--Documentation/filesystems/proc.txt25
-rw-r--r--Documentation/filesystems/sharedsubtree.txt4
-rw-r--r--Documentation/filesystems/smbfs.txt8
-rw-r--r--Documentation/filesystems/xfs-delayed-logging-design.txt11
-rw-r--r--Documentation/hwmon/it8728
-rw-r--r--Documentation/hwmon/lm8560
-rw-r--r--Documentation/hwmon/lm9042
-rw-r--r--Documentation/hwmon/ltc426163
-rw-r--r--Documentation/hwmon/pcf859118
-rw-r--r--Documentation/hwmon/sysfs-interface15
-rw-r--r--Documentation/i2c/busses/i2c-i8016
-rw-r--r--Documentation/ioctl/ioctl-number.txt3
-rw-r--r--Documentation/kbuild/kconfig-language.txt3
-rw-r--r--Documentation/kbuild/makefiles.txt7
-rw-r--r--Documentation/kbuild/modules.txt733
-rw-r--r--Documentation/kernel-parameters.txt14
-rw-r--r--Documentation/leds-class.txt21
-rw-r--r--Documentation/leds/leds-lp5521.txt88
-rw-r--r--Documentation/leds/leds-lp5523.txt83
-rw-r--r--Documentation/misc-devices/apds990x.txt111
-rw-r--r--Documentation/misc-devices/bh1770glc.txt116
-rw-r--r--Documentation/rbtree.txt4
-rw-r--r--Documentation/scsi/ChangeLog.megaraid_sas47
-rw-r--r--Documentation/sound/alsa/ALSA-Configuration.txt82
-rw-r--r--Documentation/sound/alsa/HD-Audio.txt8
-rw-r--r--Documentation/sysctl/kernel.txt14
-rw-r--r--Documentation/sysctl/vm.txt12
-rw-r--r--Documentation/sysrq.txt7
-rw-r--r--Documentation/timers/hpet_example.c27
-rw-r--r--Documentation/trace/postprocess/trace-vmscan-postprocess.pl39
-rw-r--r--Documentation/video4linux/CARDLIST.cx881
-rw-r--r--Documentation/video4linux/CARDLIST.em28xx3
-rw-r--r--Documentation/video4linux/CARDLIST.saa71342
-rw-r--r--Documentation/video4linux/bttv/MAKEDEV1
-rw-r--r--Documentation/video4linux/gspca.txt2
-rw-r--r--Documentation/video4linux/v4l2-framework.txt35
-rw-r--r--Documentation/vm/highmem.txt162
83 files changed, 2555 insertions, 697 deletions
diff --git a/Documentation/ABI/obsolete/dv1394 b/Documentation/ABI/obsolete/dv1394
deleted file mode 100644
index 2ee36864ca1..00000000000
--- a/Documentation/ABI/obsolete/dv1394
+++ /dev/null
@@ -1,9 +0,0 @@
-What: dv1394 (a.k.a. "OHCI-DV I/O support" for FireWire)
-Contact: linux1394-devel@lists.sourceforge.net
-Description:
- New application development should use raw1394 + userspace libraries
- instead, notably libiec61883 which is functionally equivalent.
-
-Users:
- ffmpeg/libavformat (used by a variety of media players)
- dvgrab v1.x (replaced by dvgrab2 on top of raw1394 and resp. libraries)
diff --git a/Documentation/ABI/obsolete/proc-pid-oom_adj b/Documentation/ABI/obsolete/proc-pid-oom_adj
new file mode 100644
index 00000000000..cf63f264ce0
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/ABI/obsolete/proc-pid-oom_adj
@@ -0,0 +1,22 @@
+What: /proc/<pid>/oom_adj
+When: August 2012
+Why: /proc/<pid>/oom_adj allows userspace to influence the oom killer's
+ badness heuristic used to determine which task to kill when the kernel
+ is out of memory.
+
+ The badness heuristic has since been rewritten since the introduction of
+ this tunable such that its meaning is deprecated. The value was
+ implemented as a bitshift on a score generated by the badness()
+ function that did not have any precise units of measure. With the
+ rewrite, the score is given as a proportion of available memory to the
+ task allocating pages, so using a bitshift which grows the score
+ exponentially is, thus, impossible to tune with fine granularity.
+
+ A much more powerful interface, /proc/<pid>/oom_score_adj, was
+ introduced with the oom killer rewrite that allows users to increase or
+ decrease the badness() score linearly. This interface will replace
+ /proc/<pid>/oom_adj.
+
+ A warning will be emitted to the kernel log if an application uses this
+ deprecated interface. After it is printed once, future warnings will be
+ suppressed until the kernel is rebooted.
diff --git a/Documentation/ABI/removed/dv1394 b/Documentation/ABI/removed/dv1394
new file mode 100644
index 00000000000..c2310b6676f
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/ABI/removed/dv1394
@@ -0,0 +1,14 @@
+What: dv1394 (a.k.a. "OHCI-DV I/O support" for FireWire)
+Date: May 2010 (scheduled), finally removed in kernel v2.6.37
+Contact: linux1394-devel@lists.sourceforge.net
+Description:
+ /dev/dv1394/* were character device files, one for each FireWire
+ controller and for NTSC and PAL respectively, from which DV data
+ could be received by read() or transmitted by write(). A few
+ ioctl()s allowed limited control.
+ This special-purpose interface has been superseded by libraw1394 +
+ libiec61883 which are functionally equivalent, support HDV, and
+ transparently work on top of the newer firewire kernel drivers.
+
+Users:
+ ffmpeg/libavformat (if configured for DV1394)
diff --git a/Documentation/ABI/removed/raw1394 b/Documentation/ABI/removed/raw1394
new file mode 100644
index 00000000000..490aa1efc4a
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/ABI/removed/raw1394
@@ -0,0 +1,15 @@
+What: raw1394 (a.k.a. "Raw IEEE1394 I/O support" for FireWire)
+Date: May 2010 (scheduled), finally removed in kernel v2.6.37
+Contact: linux1394-devel@lists.sourceforge.net
+Description:
+ /dev/raw1394 was a character device file that allowed low-level
+ access to FireWire buses. Its major drawbacks were its inability
+ to implement sensible device security policies, and its low level
+ of abstraction that required userspace clients do duplicate much
+ of the kernel's ieee1394 core functionality.
+ Replaced by /dev/fw*, i.e. the <linux/firewire-cdev.h> ABI of
+ firewire-core.
+
+Users:
+ libraw1394 (works with firewire-cdev too, transparent to library ABI
+ users)
diff --git a/Documentation/ABI/removed/raw1394_legacy_isochronous b/Documentation/ABI/removed/raw1394_legacy_isochronous
deleted file mode 100644
index 1b629622d88..00000000000
--- a/Documentation/ABI/removed/raw1394_legacy_isochronous
+++ /dev/null
@@ -1,16 +0,0 @@
-What: legacy isochronous ABI of raw1394 (1st generation iso ABI)
-Date: June 2007 (scheduled), removed in kernel v2.6.23
-Contact: linux1394-devel@lists.sourceforge.net
-Description:
- The two request types RAW1394_REQ_ISO_SEND, RAW1394_REQ_ISO_LISTEN have
- been deprecated for quite some time. They are very inefficient as they
- come with high interrupt load and several layers of callbacks for each
- packet. Because of these deficiencies, the video1394 and dv1394 drivers
- and the 3rd-generation isochronous ABI in raw1394 (rawiso) were created.
-
-Users:
- libraw1394 users via the long deprecated API raw1394_iso_write,
- raw1394_start_iso_write, raw1394_start_iso_rcv, raw1394_stop_iso_rcv
-
- libdc1394, which optionally uses these old libraw1394 calls
- alternatively to the more efficient video1394 ABI
diff --git a/Documentation/ABI/removed/video1394 b/Documentation/ABI/removed/video1394
new file mode 100644
index 00000000000..c39c25aee77
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/ABI/removed/video1394
@@ -0,0 +1,16 @@
+What: video1394 (a.k.a. "OHCI-1394 Video support" for FireWire)
+Date: May 2010 (scheduled), finally removed in kernel v2.6.37
+Contact: linux1394-devel@lists.sourceforge.net
+Description:
+ /dev/video1394/* were character device files, one for each FireWire
+ controller, which were used for isochronous I/O. It was added as an
+ alternative to raw1394's isochronous I/O functionality which had
+ performance issues in its first generation. Any video1394 user had
+ to use raw1394 + libraw1394 too because video1394 did not provide
+ asynchronous I/O for device discovery and configuration.
+ Replaced by /dev/fw*, i.e. the <linux/firewire-cdev.h> ABI of
+ firewire-core.
+
+Users:
+ libdc1394 (works with firewire-cdev too, transparent to library ABI
+ users)
diff --git a/Documentation/ABI/testing/sysfs-block-zram b/Documentation/ABI/testing/sysfs-block-zram
new file mode 100644
index 00000000000..c8b3b48ec62
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/ABI/testing/sysfs-block-zram
@@ -0,0 +1,99 @@
+What: /sys/block/zram<id>/disksize
+Date: August 2010
+Contact: Nitin Gupta <ngupta@vflare.org>
+Description:
+ The disksize file is read-write and specifies the disk size
+ which represents the limit on the *uncompressed* worth of data
+ that can be stored in this disk.
+
+What: /sys/block/zram<id>/initstate
+Date: August 2010
+Contact: Nitin Gupta <ngupta@vflare.org>
+Description:
+ The disksize file is read-only and shows the initialization
+ state of the device.
+
+What: /sys/block/zram<id>/reset
+Date: August 2010
+Contact: Nitin Gupta <ngupta@vflare.org>
+Description:
+ The disksize file is write-only and allows resetting the
+ device. The reset operation frees all the memory assocaited
+ with this device.
+
+What: /sys/block/zram<id>/num_reads
+Date: August 2010
+Contact: Nitin Gupta <ngupta@vflare.org>
+Description:
+ The num_reads file is read-only and specifies the number of
+ reads (failed or successful) done on this device.
+
+What: /sys/block/zram<id>/num_writes
+Date: August 2010
+Contact: Nitin Gupta <ngupta@vflare.org>
+Description:
+ The num_writes file is read-only and specifies the number of
+ writes (failed or successful) done on this device.
+
+What: /sys/block/zram<id>/invalid_io
+Date: August 2010
+Contact: Nitin Gupta <ngupta@vflare.org>
+Description:
+ The invalid_io file is read-only and specifies the number of
+ non-page-size-aligned I/O requests issued to this device.
+
+What: /sys/block/zram<id>/notify_free
+Date: August 2010
+Contact: Nitin Gupta <ngupta@vflare.org>
+Description:
+ The notify_free file is read-only and specifies the number of
+ swap slot free notifications received by this device. These
+ notifications are send to a swap block device when a swap slot
+ is freed. This statistic is applicable only when this disk is
+ being used as a swap disk.
+
+What: /sys/block/zram<id>/discard
+Date: August 2010
+Contact: Nitin Gupta <ngupta@vflare.org>
+Description:
+ The discard file is read-only and specifies the number of
+ discard requests received by this device. These requests
+ provide information to block device regarding blocks which are
+ no longer used by filesystem.
+
+What: /sys/block/zram<id>/zero_pages
+Date: August 2010
+Contact: Nitin Gupta <ngupta@vflare.org>
+Description:
+ The zero_pages file is read-only and specifies number of zero
+ filled pages written to this disk. No memory is allocated for
+ such pages.
+
+What: /sys/block/zram<id>/orig_data_size
+Date: August 2010
+Contact: Nitin Gupta <ngupta@vflare.org>
+Description:
+ The orig_data_size file is read-only and specifies uncompressed
+ size of data stored in this disk. This excludes zero-filled
+ pages (zero_pages) since no memory is allocated for them.
+ Unit: bytes
+
+What: /sys/block/zram<id>/compr_data_size
+Date: August 2010
+Contact: Nitin Gupta <ngupta@vflare.org>
+Description:
+ The compr_data_size file is read-only and specifies compressed
+ size of data stored in this disk. So, compression ratio can be
+ calculated using orig_data_size and this statistic.
+ Unit: bytes
+
+What: /sys/block/zram<id>/mem_used_total
+Date: August 2010
+Contact: Nitin Gupta <ngupta@vflare.org>
+Description:
+ The mem_used_total file is read-only and specifies the amount
+ of memory, including allocator fragmentation and metadata
+ overhead, allocated for this disk. So, allocator space
+ efficiency can be calculated using compr_data_size and this
+ statistic.
+ Unit: bytes \ No newline at end of file
diff --git a/Documentation/ABI/testing/sysfs-devices-system-ibm-rtl b/Documentation/ABI/testing/sysfs-devices-system-ibm-rtl
new file mode 100644
index 00000000000..b82deeaec31
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/ABI/testing/sysfs-devices-system-ibm-rtl
@@ -0,0 +1,22 @@
+What: state
+Date: Sep 2010
+KernelVersion: 2.6.37
+Contact: Vernon Mauery <vernux@us.ibm.com>
+Description: The state file allows a means by which to change in and
+ out of Premium Real-Time Mode (PRTM), as well as the
+ ability to query the current state.
+ 0 => PRTM off
+ 1 => PRTM enabled
+Users: The ibm-prtm userspace daemon uses this interface.
+
+
+What: version
+Date: Sep 2010
+KernelVersion: 2.6.37
+Contact: Vernon Mauery <vernux@us.ibm.com>
+Description: The version file provides a means by which to query
+ the RTL table version that lives in the Extended
+ BIOS Data Area (EBDA).
+Users: The ibm-prtm userspace daemon uses this interface.
+
+
diff --git a/Documentation/DocBook/device-drivers.tmpl b/Documentation/DocBook/device-drivers.tmpl
index feca0758391..22edcbb9dda 100644
--- a/Documentation/DocBook/device-drivers.tmpl
+++ b/Documentation/DocBook/device-drivers.tmpl
@@ -51,8 +51,13 @@
<sect1><title>Delaying, scheduling, and timer routines</title>
!Iinclude/linux/sched.h
!Ekernel/sched.c
+!Iinclude/linux/completion.h
!Ekernel/timer.c
</sect1>
+ <sect1><title>Wait queues and Wake events</title>
+!Iinclude/linux/wait.h
+!Ekernel/wait.c
+ </sect1>
<sect1><title>High-resolution timers</title>
!Iinclude/linux/ktime.h
!Iinclude/linux/hrtimer.h
diff --git a/Documentation/DocBook/kernel-api.tmpl b/Documentation/DocBook/kernel-api.tmpl
index 6b4e07f28b6..7160652a873 100644
--- a/Documentation/DocBook/kernel-api.tmpl
+++ b/Documentation/DocBook/kernel-api.tmpl
@@ -93,6 +93,12 @@ X!Ilib/string.c
!Elib/crc32.c
!Elib/crc-ccitt.c
</sect1>
+
+ <sect1 id="idr"><title>idr/ida Functions</title>
+!Pinclude/linux/idr.h idr sync
+!Plib/idr.c IDA description
+!Elib/idr.c
+ </sect1>
</chapter>
<chapter id="mm">
diff --git a/Documentation/DocBook/kgdb.tmpl b/Documentation/DocBook/kgdb.tmpl
index 490d862c5f0..d71b57fcf11 100644
--- a/Documentation/DocBook/kgdb.tmpl
+++ b/Documentation/DocBook/kgdb.tmpl
@@ -710,7 +710,18 @@ Task Addr Pid Parent [*] cpu State Thread Command
<listitem><para>A simple shell</para></listitem>
<listitem><para>The kdb core command set</para></listitem>
<listitem><para>A registration API to register additional kdb shell commands.</para>
- <para>A good example of a self-contained kdb module is the "ftdump" command for dumping the ftrace buffer. See: kernel/trace/trace_kdb.c</para></listitem>
+ <itemizedlist>
+ <listitem><para>A good example of a self-contained kdb module
+ is the "ftdump" command for dumping the ftrace buffer. See:
+ kernel/trace/trace_kdb.c</para></listitem>
+ <listitem><para>For an example of how to dynamically register
+ a new kdb command you can build the kdb_hello.ko kernel module
+ from samples/kdb/kdb_hello.c. To build this example you can
+ set CONFIG_SAMPLES=y and CONFIG_SAMPLE_KDB=m in your kernel
+ config. Later run "modprobe kdb_hello" and the next time you
+ enter the kdb shell, you can run the "hello"
+ command.</para></listitem>
+ </itemizedlist></listitem>
<listitem><para>The implementation for kdb_printf() which
emits messages directly to I/O drivers, bypassing the kernel
log.</para></listitem>
diff --git a/Documentation/DocBook/media-entities.tmpl b/Documentation/DocBook/media-entities.tmpl
index 6ae97157b1c..be34dcbe0d9 100644
--- a/Documentation/DocBook/media-entities.tmpl
+++ b/Documentation/DocBook/media-entities.tmpl
@@ -250,6 +250,9 @@
<!ENTITY sub-yuv422p SYSTEM "v4l/pixfmt-yuv422p.xml">
<!ENTITY sub-yuyv SYSTEM "v4l/pixfmt-yuyv.xml">
<!ENTITY sub-yvyu SYSTEM "v4l/pixfmt-yvyu.xml">
+<!ENTITY sub-srggb10 SYSTEM "v4l/pixfmt-srggb10.xml">
+<!ENTITY sub-srggb8 SYSTEM "v4l/pixfmt-srggb8.xml">
+<!ENTITY sub-y10 SYSTEM "v4l/pixfmt-y10.xml">
<!ENTITY sub-pixfmt SYSTEM "v4l/pixfmt.xml">
<!ENTITY sub-cropcap SYSTEM "v4l/vidioc-cropcap.xml">
<!ENTITY sub-dbg-g-register SYSTEM "v4l/vidioc-dbg-g-register.xml">
@@ -347,6 +350,9 @@
<!ENTITY yuv422p SYSTEM "v4l/pixfmt-yuv422p.xml">
<!ENTITY yuyv SYSTEM "v4l/pixfmt-yuyv.xml">
<!ENTITY yvyu SYSTEM "v4l/pixfmt-yvyu.xml">
+<!ENTITY srggb10 SYSTEM "v4l/pixfmt-srggb10.xml">
+<!ENTITY srggb8 SYSTEM "v4l/pixfmt-srggb8.xml">
+<!ENTITY y10 SYSTEM "v4l/pixfmt-y10.xml">
<!ENTITY cropcap SYSTEM "v4l/vidioc-cropcap.xml">
<!ENTITY dbg-g-register SYSTEM "v4l/vidioc-dbg-g-register.xml">
<!ENTITY encoder-cmd SYSTEM "v4l/vidioc-encoder-cmd.xml">
diff --git a/Documentation/DocBook/v4l/compat.xml b/Documentation/DocBook/v4l/compat.xml
index 54447f0d078..c9ce61d981f 100644
--- a/Documentation/DocBook/v4l/compat.xml
+++ b/Documentation/DocBook/v4l/compat.xml
@@ -21,11 +21,15 @@ API.</para>
<title>Opening and Closing Devices</title>
<para>For compatibility reasons the character device file names
-recommended for V4L2 video capture, overlay, radio, teletext and raw
+recommended for V4L2 video capture, overlay, radio and raw
vbi capture devices did not change from those used by V4L. They are
listed in <xref linkend="devices" /> and below in <xref
linkend="v4l-dev" />.</para>
+ <para>The teletext devices (minor range 192-223) have been removed in
+V4L2 and no longer exist. There is no hardware available anymore for handling
+pure teletext. Instead raw or sliced VBI is used.</para>
+
<para>The V4L <filename>videodev</filename> module automatically
assigns minor numbers to drivers in load order, depending on the
registered device type. We recommend that V4L2 drivers by default
@@ -66,13 +70,6 @@ not compatible with V4L or V4L2.</para> </footnote>,
<entry>64-127</entry>
</row>
<row>
- <entry>Teletext decoder</entry>
- <entry><para><filename>/dev/vtx</filename>,
-<filename>/dev/vtx0</filename> to
-<filename>/dev/vtx31</filename></para></entry>
- <entry>192-223</entry>
- </row>
- <row>
<entry>Raw VBI capture</entry>
<entry><para><filename>/dev/vbi</filename>,
<filename>/dev/vbi0</filename> to
@@ -2345,6 +2342,17 @@ more information.</para>
</listitem>
</orderedlist>
</section>
+ <section>
+ <title>V4L2 in Linux 2.6.37</title>
+ <orderedlist>
+ <listitem>
+ <para>Remove the vtx (videotext/teletext) API. This API was no longer
+used and no hardware exists to verify the API. Nor were any userspace applications found
+that used it. It was originally scheduled for removal in 2.6.35.
+ </para>
+ </listitem>
+ </orderedlist>
+ </section>
<section id="other">
<title>Relation of V4L2 to other Linux multimedia APIs</title>
diff --git a/Documentation/DocBook/v4l/controls.xml b/Documentation/DocBook/v4l/controls.xml
index 8408caaee27..2fae3e87ce7 100644
--- a/Documentation/DocBook/v4l/controls.xml
+++ b/Documentation/DocBook/v4l/controls.xml
@@ -312,10 +312,17 @@ minimum value disables backlight compensation.</entry>
information and bits 24-31 must be zero.</entry>
</row>
<row>
+ <entry><constant>V4L2_CID_ILLUMINATORS_1</constant>
+ <constant>V4L2_CID_ILLUMINATORS_2</constant></entry>
+ <entry>boolean</entry>
+ <entry>Switch on or off the illuminator 1 or 2 of the device
+ (usually a microscope).</entry>
+ </row>
+ <row>
<entry><constant>V4L2_CID_LASTP1</constant></entry>
<entry></entry>
<entry>End of the predefined control IDs (currently
-<constant>V4L2_CID_BG_COLOR</constant> + 1).</entry>
+<constant>V4L2_CID_ILLUMINATORS_2</constant> + 1).</entry>
</row>
<row>
<entry><constant>V4L2_CID_PRIVATE_BASE</constant></entry>
@@ -357,9 +364,6 @@ enumerate_menu (void)
querymenu.index++) {
if (0 == ioctl (fd, &VIDIOC-QUERYMENU;, &amp;querymenu)) {
printf (" %s\n", querymenu.name);
- } else {
- perror ("VIDIOC_QUERYMENU");
- exit (EXIT_FAILURE);
}
}
}
diff --git a/Documentation/DocBook/v4l/dev-rds.xml b/Documentation/DocBook/v4l/dev-rds.xml
index 0869d701b1e..360d2737e64 100644
--- a/Documentation/DocBook/v4l/dev-rds.xml
+++ b/Documentation/DocBook/v4l/dev-rds.xml
@@ -3,15 +3,16 @@
<para>The Radio Data System transmits supplementary
information in binary format, for example the station name or travel
information, on an inaudible audio subcarrier of a radio program. This
-interface is aimed at devices capable of receiving and decoding RDS
+interface is aimed at devices capable of receiving and/or transmitting RDS
information.</para>
<para>For more information see the core RDS standard <xref linkend="en50067" />
and the RBDS standard <xref linkend="nrsc4" />.</para>
<para>Note that the RBDS standard as is used in the USA is almost identical
-to the RDS standard. Any RDS decoder can also handle RBDS. Only some of the fields
-have slightly different meanings. See the RBDS standard for more information.</para>
+to the RDS standard. Any RDS decoder/encoder can also handle RBDS. Only some of the
+fields have slightly different meanings. See the RBDS standard for more
+information.</para>
<para>The RBDS standard also specifies support for MMBS (Modified Mobile Search).
This is a proprietary format which seems to be discontinued. The RDS interface does not
@@ -21,16 +22,25 @@ be needed, then please contact the linux-media mailing list: &v4l-ml;.</para>
<section>
<title>Querying Capabilities</title>
- <para>Devices supporting the RDS capturing API
-set the <constant>V4L2_CAP_RDS_CAPTURE</constant> flag in
+ <para>Devices supporting the RDS capturing API set
+the <constant>V4L2_CAP_RDS_CAPTURE</constant> flag in
the <structfield>capabilities</structfield> field of &v4l2-capability;
-returned by the &VIDIOC-QUERYCAP; ioctl.
-Any tuner that supports RDS will set the
-<constant>V4L2_TUNER_CAP_RDS</constant> flag in the <structfield>capability</structfield>
-field of &v4l2-tuner;.
-Whether an RDS signal is present can be detected by looking at
-the <structfield>rxsubchans</structfield> field of &v4l2-tuner;: the
-<constant>V4L2_TUNER_SUB_RDS</constant> will be set if RDS data was detected.</para>
+returned by the &VIDIOC-QUERYCAP; ioctl. Any tuner that supports RDS
+will set the <constant>V4L2_TUNER_CAP_RDS</constant> flag in
+the <structfield>capability</structfield> field of &v4l2-tuner;. If
+the driver only passes RDS blocks without interpreting the data
+the <constant>V4L2_TUNER_SUB_RDS_BLOCK_IO</constant> flag has to be
+set, see <link linkend="reading-rds-data">Reading RDS data</link>.
+For future use the
+flag <constant>V4L2_TUNER_SUB_RDS_CONTROLS</constant> has also been
+defined. However, a driver for a radio tuner with this capability does
+not yet exist, so if you are planning to write such a driver you
+should discuss this on the linux-media mailing list: &v4l-ml;.</para>
+
+ <para> Whether an RDS signal is present can be detected by looking
+at the <structfield>rxsubchans</structfield> field of &v4l2-tuner;:
+the <constant>V4L2_TUNER_SUB_RDS</constant> will be set if RDS data
+was detected.</para>
<para>Devices supporting the RDS output API
set the <constant>V4L2_CAP_RDS_OUTPUT</constant> flag in
@@ -40,16 +50,31 @@ Any modulator that supports RDS will set the
<constant>V4L2_TUNER_CAP_RDS</constant> flag in the <structfield>capability</structfield>
field of &v4l2-modulator;.
In order to enable the RDS transmission one must set the <constant>V4L2_TUNER_SUB_RDS</constant>
-bit in the <structfield>txsubchans</structfield> field of &v4l2-modulator;.</para>
-
+bit in the <structfield>txsubchans</structfield> field of &v4l2-modulator;.
+If the driver only passes RDS blocks without interpreting the data
+the <constant>V4L2_TUNER_SUB_RDS_BLOCK_IO</constant> flag has to be set. If the
+tuner is capable of handling RDS entities like program identification codes and radio
+text, the flag <constant>V4L2_TUNER_SUB_RDS_CONTROLS</constant> should be set,
+see <link linkend="writing-rds-data">Writing RDS data</link> and
+<link linkend="fm-tx-controls">FM Transmitter Control Reference</link>.</para>
</section>
- <section>
+ <section id="reading-rds-data">
<title>Reading RDS data</title>
<para>RDS data can be read from the radio device
-with the &func-read; function. The data is packed in groups of three bytes,
+with the &func-read; function. The data is packed in groups of three bytes.</para>
+ </section>
+
+ <section id="writing-rds-data">
+ <title>Writing RDS data</title>
+
+ <para>RDS data can be written to the radio device
+with the &func-write; function. The data is packed in groups of three bytes,
as follows:</para>
+ </section>
+
+ <section>
<table frame="none" pgwide="1" id="v4l2-rds-data">
<title>struct
<structname>v4l2_rds_data</structname></title>
@@ -111,48 +136,57 @@ as follows:</para>
<tbody valign="top">
<row>
<entry>V4L2_RDS_BLOCK_MSK</entry>
+ <entry> </entry>
<entry>7</entry>
<entry>Mask for bits 0-2 to get the block ID.</entry>
</row>
<row>
<entry>V4L2_RDS_BLOCK_A</entry>
+ <entry> </entry>
<entry>0</entry>
<entry>Block A.</entry>
</row>
<row>
<entry>V4L2_RDS_BLOCK_B</entry>
+ <entry> </entry>
<entry>1</entry>
<entry>Block B.</entry>
</row>
<row>
<entry>V4L2_RDS_BLOCK_C</entry>
+ <entry> </entry>
<entry>2</entry>
<entry>Block C.</entry>
</row>
<row>
<entry>V4L2_RDS_BLOCK_D</entry>
+ <entry> </entry>
<entry>3</entry>
<entry>Block D.</entry>
</row>
<row>
<entry>V4L2_RDS_BLOCK_C_ALT</entry>
+ <entry> </entry>
<entry>4</entry>
<entry>Block C'.</entry>
</row>
<row>
<entry>V4L2_RDS_BLOCK_INVALID</entry>
+ <entry>read-only</entry>
<entry>7</entry>
<entry>An invalid block.</entry>
</row>
<row>
<entry>V4L2_RDS_BLOCK_CORRECTED</entry>
+ <entry>read-only</entry>
<entry>0x40</entry>
<entry>A bit error was detected but corrected.</entry>
</row>
<row>
<entry>V4L2_RDS_BLOCK_ERROR</entry>
+ <entry>read-only</entry>
<entry>0x80</entry>
- <entry>An incorrectable error occurred.</entry>
+ <entry>An uncorrectable error occurred.</entry>
</row>
</tbody>
</tgroup>
diff --git a/Documentation/DocBook/v4l/dev-teletext.xml b/Documentation/DocBook/v4l/dev-teletext.xml
index 76184e8ed61..414b1cfff9f 100644
--- a/Documentation/DocBook/v4l/dev-teletext.xml
+++ b/Documentation/DocBook/v4l/dev-teletext.xml
@@ -1,35 +1,32 @@
<title>Teletext Interface</title>
- <para>This interface aims at devices receiving and demodulating
+ <para>This interface was aimed at devices receiving and demodulating
Teletext data [<xref linkend="ets300706" />, <xref linkend="itu653" />], evaluating the
Teletext packages and storing formatted pages in cache memory. Such
devices are usually implemented as microcontrollers with serial
-interface (I<superscript>2</superscript>C) and can be found on older
+interface (I<superscript>2</superscript>C) and could be found on old
TV cards, dedicated Teletext decoding cards and home-brew devices
connected to the PC parallel port.</para>
- <para>The Teletext API was designed by Martin Buck. It is defined in
+ <para>The Teletext API was designed by Martin Buck. It was defined in
the kernel header file <filename>linux/videotext.h</filename>, the
specification is available from <ulink url="ftp://ftp.gwdg.de/pub/linux/misc/videotext/">
ftp://ftp.gwdg.de/pub/linux/misc/videotext/</ulink>. (Videotext is the name of
-the German public television Teletext service.) Conventional character
-device file names are <filename>/dev/vtx</filename> and
-<filename>/dev/vttuner</filename>, with device number 83, 0 and 83, 16
-respectively. A similar interface exists for the Philips SAA5249
-Teletext decoder [specification?] with character device file names
-<filename>/dev/tlkN</filename>, device number 102, N.</para>
+the German public television Teletext service.)</para>
<para>Eventually the Teletext API was integrated into the V4L API
with character device file names <filename>/dev/vtx0</filename> to
<filename>/dev/vtx31</filename>, device major number 81, minor numbers
-192 to 223. For reference the V4L Teletext API specification is
-reproduced here in full: "Teletext interfaces talk the existing VTX
-API." Teletext devices with major number 83 and 102 will be removed in
-Linux 2.6.</para>
+192 to 223.</para>
- <para>There are no plans to replace the Teletext API or to integrate
-it into V4L2. Please write to the linux-media mailing list: &v4l-ml;
-when the need arises.</para>
+ <para>However, teletext decoders were quickly replaced by more
+generic VBI demodulators and those dedicated teletext decoders no longer exist.
+For many years the vtx devices were still around, even though nobody used
+them. So the decision was made to finally remove support for the Teletext API in
+kernel 2.6.37.</para>
+
+ <para>Modern devices all use the <link linkend="raw-vbi">raw</link> or
+<link linkend="sliced">sliced</link> VBI API.</para>
<!--
Local Variables:
diff --git a/Documentation/DocBook/v4l/pixfmt-packed-rgb.xml b/Documentation/DocBook/v4l/pixfmt-packed-rgb.xml
index 26e87923108..4db272b8a0d 100644
--- a/Documentation/DocBook/v4l/pixfmt-packed-rgb.xml
+++ b/Documentation/DocBook/v4l/pixfmt-packed-rgb.xml
@@ -739,7 +739,7 @@ defined in error. Drivers may interpret them as in <xref
<entry>b<subscript>1</subscript></entry>
<entry>b<subscript>0</subscript></entry>
</row>
- <row id="V4L2-PIX-FMT-BGR666">
+ <row><!-- id="V4L2-PIX-FMT-BGR666" -->
<entry><constant>V4L2_PIX_FMT_BGR666</constant></entry>
<entry>'BGRH'</entry>
<entry></entry>
diff --git a/Documentation/DocBook/v4l/pixfmt-srggb10.xml b/Documentation/DocBook/v4l/pixfmt-srggb10.xml
new file mode 100644
index 00000000000..7b274092e60
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/DocBook/v4l/pixfmt-srggb10.xml
@@ -0,0 +1,90 @@
+ <refentry>
+ <refmeta>
+ <refentrytitle>V4L2_PIX_FMT_SRGGB10 ('RG10'),
+ V4L2_PIX_FMT_SGRBG10 ('BA10'),
+ V4L2_PIX_FMT_SGBRG10 ('GB10'),
+ V4L2_PIX_FMT_SBGGR10 ('BG10'),
+ </refentrytitle>
+ &manvol;
+ </refmeta>
+ <refnamediv>
+ <refname id="V4L2-PIX-FMT-SRGGB10"><constant>V4L2_PIX_FMT_SRGGB10</constant></refname>
+ <refname id="V4L2-PIX-FMT-SGRBG10"><constant>V4L2_PIX_FMT_SGRBG10</constant></refname>
+ <refname id="V4L2-PIX-FMT-SGBRG10"><constant>V4L2_PIX_FMT_SGBRG10</constant></refname>
+ <refname id="V4L2-PIX-FMT-SBGGR10"><constant>V4L2_PIX_FMT_SBGGR10</constant></refname>
+ <refpurpose>10-bit Bayer formats expanded to 16 bits</refpurpose>
+ </refnamediv>
+ <refsect1>
+ <title>Description</title>
+
+ <para>The following four pixel formats are raw sRGB / Bayer formats with
+10 bits per colour. Each colour component is stored in a 16-bit word, with 6
+unused high bits filled with zeros. Each n-pixel row contains n/2 green samples
+and n/2 blue or red samples, with alternating red and blue rows. Bytes are
+stored in memory in little endian order. They are conventionally described
+as GRGR... BGBG..., RGRG... GBGB..., etc. Below is an example of one of these
+formats</para>
+
+ <example>
+ <title><constant>V4L2_PIX_FMT_SBGGR10</constant> 4 &times; 4
+pixel image</title>
+
+ <formalpara>
+ <title>Byte Order.</title>
+ <para>Each cell is one byte, high 6 bits in high bytes are 0.
+ <informaltable frame="none">
+ <tgroup cols="5" align="center">
+ <colspec align="left" colwidth="2*" />
+ <tbody valign="top">
+ <row>
+ <entry>start&nbsp;+&nbsp;0:</entry>
+ <entry>B<subscript>00low</subscript></entry>
+ <entry>B<subscript>00high</subscript></entry>
+ <entry>G<subscript>01low</subscript></entry>
+ <entry>G<subscript>01high</subscript></entry>
+ <entry>B<subscript>02low</subscript></entry>
+ <entry>B<subscript>02high</subscript></entry>
+ <entry>G<subscript>03low</subscript></entry>
+ <entry>G<subscript>03high</subscript></entry>
+ </row>
+ <row>
+ <entry>start&nbsp;+&nbsp;8:</entry>
+ <entry>G<subscript>10low</subscript></entry>
+ <entry>G<subscript>10high</subscript></entry>
+ <entry>R<subscript>11low</subscript></entry>
+ <entry>R<subscript>11high</subscript></entry>
+ <entry>G<subscript>12low</subscript></entry>
+ <entry>G<subscript>12high</subscript></entry>
+ <entry>R<subscript>13low</subscript></entry>
+ <entry>R<subscript>13high</subscript></entry>
+ </row>
+ <row>
+ <entry>start&nbsp;+&nbsp;16:</entry>
+ <entry>B<subscript>20low</subscript></entry>
+ <entry>B<subscript>20high</subscript></entry>
+ <entry>G<subscript>21low</subscript></entry>
+ <entry>G<subscript>21high</subscript></entry>
+ <entry>B<subscript>22low</subscript></entry>
+ <entry>B<subscript>22high</subscript></entry>
+ <entry>G<subscript>23low</subscript></entry>
+ <entry>G<subscript>23high</subscript></entry>
+ </row>
+ <row>
+ <entry>start&nbsp;+&nbsp;24:</entry>
+ <entry>G<subscript>30low</subscript></entry>
+ <entry>G<subscript>30high</subscript></entry>
+ <entry>R<subscript>31low</subscript></entry>
+ <entry>R<subscript>31high</subscript></entry>
+ <entry>G<subscript>32low</subscript></entry>
+ <entry>G<subscript>32high</subscript></entry>
+ <entry>R<subscript>33low</subscript></entry>
+ <entry>R<subscript>33high</subscript></entry>
+ </row>
+ </tbody>
+ </tgroup>
+ </informaltable>
+ </para>
+ </formalpara>
+ </example>
+ </refsect1>
+</refentry>
diff --git a/Documentation/DocBook/v4l/pixfmt-srggb8.xml b/Documentation/DocBook/v4l/pixfmt-srggb8.xml
new file mode 100644
index 00000000000..2570e3be3cf
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/DocBook/v4l/pixfmt-srggb8.xml
@@ -0,0 +1,67 @@
+ <refentry id="V4L2-PIX-FMT-SRGGB8">
+ <refmeta>
+ <refentrytitle>V4L2_PIX_FMT_SRGGB8 ('RGGB')</refentrytitle>
+ &manvol;
+ </refmeta>
+ <refnamediv>
+ <refname><constant>V4L2_PIX_FMT_SRGGB8</constant></refname>
+ <refpurpose>Bayer RGB format</refpurpose>
+ </refnamediv>
+ <refsect1>
+ <title>Description</title>
+
+ <para>This is commonly the native format of digital cameras,
+reflecting the arrangement of sensors on the CCD device. Only one red,
+green or blue value is given for each pixel. Missing components must
+be interpolated from neighbouring pixels. From left to right the first
+row consists of a red and green value, the second row of a green and
+blue value. This scheme repeats to the right and down for every two
+columns and rows.</para>
+
+ <example>
+ <title><constant>V4L2_PIX_FMT_SRGGB8</constant> 4 &times; 4
+pixel image</title>
+
+ <formalpara>
+ <title>Byte Order.</title>
+ <para>Each cell is one byte.
+ <informaltable frame="none">
+ <tgroup cols="5" align="center">
+ <colspec align="left" colwidth="2*" />
+ <tbody valign="top">
+ <row>
+ <entry>start&nbsp;+&nbsp;0:</entry>
+ <entry>R<subscript>00</subscript></entry>
+ <entry>G<subscript>01</subscript></entry>
+ <entry>R<subscript>02</subscript></entry>
+ <entry>G<subscript>03</subscript></entry>
+ </row>
+ <row>
+ <entry>start&nbsp;+&nbsp;4:</entry>
+ <entry>G<subscript>10</subscript></entry>
+ <entry>B<subscript>11</subscript></entry>
+ <entry>G<subscript>12</subscript></entry>
+ <entry>B<subscript>13</subscript></entry>
+ </row>
+ <row>
+ <entry>start&nbsp;+&nbsp;8:</entry>
+ <entry>R<subscript>20</subscript></entry>
+ <entry>G<subscript>21</subscript></entry>
+ <entry>R<subscript>22</subscript></entry>
+ <entry>G<subscript>23</subscript></entry>
+ </row>
+ <row>
+ <entry>start&nbsp;+&nbsp;12:</entry>
+ <entry>G<subscript>30</subscript></entry>
+ <entry>B<subscript>31</subscript></entry>
+ <entry>G<subscript>32</subscript></entry>
+ <entry>B<subscript>33</subscript></entry>
+ </row>
+ </tbody>
+ </tgroup>
+ </informaltable>
+ </para>
+ </formalpara>
+ </example>
+ </refsect1>
+ </refentry>
diff --git a/Documentation/DocBook/v4l/pixfmt-y10.xml b/Documentation/DocBook/v4l/pixfmt-y10.xml
new file mode 100644
index 00000000000..d065043db8d
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/DocBook/v4l/pixfmt-y10.xml
@@ -0,0 +1,79 @@
+<refentry id="V4L2-PIX-FMT-Y10">
+ <refmeta>
+ <refentrytitle>V4L2_PIX_FMT_Y10 ('Y10 ')</refentrytitle>
+ &manvol;
+ </refmeta>
+ <refnamediv>
+ <refname><constant>V4L2_PIX_FMT_Y10</constant></refname>
+ <refpurpose>Grey-scale image</refpurpose>
+ </refnamediv>
+ <refsect1>
+ <title>Description</title>
+
+ <para>This is a grey-scale image with a depth of 10 bits per pixel. Pixels
+are stored in 16-bit words with unused high bits padded with 0. The least
+significant byte is stored at lower memory addresses (little-endian).</para>
+
+ <example>
+ <title><constant>V4L2_PIX_FMT_Y10</constant> 4 &times; 4
+pixel image</title>
+
+ <formalpara>
+ <title>Byte Order.</title>
+ <para>Each cell is one byte.
+ <informaltable frame="none">
+ <tgroup cols="9" align="center">
+ <colspec align="left" colwidth="2*" />
+ <tbody valign="top">
+ <row>
+ <entry>start&nbsp;+&nbsp;0:</entry>
+ <entry>Y'<subscript>00low</subscript></entry>
+ <entry>Y'<subscript>00high</subscript></entry>
+ <entry>Y'<subscript>01low</subscript></entry>
+ <entry>Y'<subscript>01high</subscript></entry>
+ <entry>Y'<subscript>02low</subscript></entry>
+ <entry>Y'<subscript>02high</subscript></entry>
+ <entry>Y'<subscript>03low</subscript></entry>
+ <entry>Y'<subscript>03high</subscript></entry>
+ </row>
+ <row>
+ <entry>start&nbsp;+&nbsp;8:</entry>
+ <entry>Y'<subscript>10low</subscript></entry>
+ <entry>Y'<subscript>10high</subscript></entry>
+ <entry>Y'<subscript>11low</subscript></entry>
+ <entry>Y'<subscript>11high</subscript></entry>
+ <entry>Y'<subscript>12low</subscript></entry>
+ <entry>Y'<subscript>12high</subscript></entry>
+ <entry>Y'<subscript>13low</subscript></entry>
+ <entry>Y'<subscript>13high</subscript></entry>
+ </row>
+ <row>
+ <entry>start&nbsp;+&nbsp;16:</entry>
+ <entry>Y'<subscript>20low</subscript></entry>
+ <entry>Y'<subscript>20high</subscript></entry>
+ <entry>Y'<subscript>21low</subscript></entry>
+ <entry>Y'<subscript>21high</subscript></entry>
+ <entry>Y'<subscript>22low</subscript></entry>
+ <entry>Y'<subscript>22high</subscript></entry>
+ <entry>Y'<subscript>23low</subscript></entry>
+ <entry>Y'<subscript>23high</subscript></entry>
+ </row>
+ <row>
+ <entry>start&nbsp;+&nbsp;24:</entry>
+ <entry>Y'<subscript>30low</subscript></entry>
+ <entry>Y'<subscript>30high</subscript></entry>
+ <entry>Y'<subscript>31low</subscript></entry>
+ <entry>Y'<subscript>31high</subscript></entry>
+ <entry>Y'<subscript>32low</subscript></entry>
+ <entry>Y'<subscript>32high</subscript></entry>
+ <entry>Y'<subscript>33low</subscript></entry>
+ <entry>Y'<subscript>33high</subscript></entry>
+ </row>
+ </tbody>
+ </tgroup>
+ </informaltable>
+ </para>
+ </formalpara>
+ </example>
+ </refsect1>
+</refentry>
diff --git a/Documentation/DocBook/v4l/pixfmt.xml b/Documentation/DocBook/v4l/pixfmt.xml
index c4ad0a8e42d..d7c46718709 100644
--- a/Documentation/DocBook/v4l/pixfmt.xml
+++ b/Documentation/DocBook/v4l/pixfmt.xml
@@ -566,7 +566,9 @@ access the palette, this must be done with ioctls of the Linux framebuffer API.<
&sub-sbggr8;
&sub-sgbrg8;
&sub-sgrbg8;
+ &sub-srggb8;
&sub-sbggr16;
+ &sub-srggb10;
</section>
<section id="yuv-formats">
@@ -589,6 +591,7 @@ information.</para>
&sub-packed-yuv;
&sub-grey;
+ &sub-y10;
&sub-y16;
&sub-yuyv;
&sub-uyvy;
@@ -685,6 +688,11 @@ http://www.ivtvdriver.org/</ulink></para><para>The format is documented in the
kernel sources in the file <filename>Documentation/video4linux/cx2341x/README.hm12</filename>
</para></entry>
</row>
+ <row id="V4L2-PIX-FMT-CPIA1">
+ <entry><constant>V4L2_PIX_FMT_CPIA1</constant></entry>
+ <entry>'CPIA'</entry>
+ <entry>YUV format used by the gspca cpia1 driver.</entry>
+ </row>
<row id="V4L2-PIX-FMT-SPCA501">
<entry><constant>V4L2_PIX_FMT_SPCA501</constant></entry>
<entry>'S501'</entry>
@@ -705,11 +713,6 @@ kernel sources in the file <filename>Documentation/video4linux/cx2341x/README.hm
<entry>'S561'</entry>
<entry>Compressed GBRG Bayer format used by the gspca driver.</entry>
</row>
- <row id="V4L2-PIX-FMT-SGRBG10">
- <entry><constant>V4L2_PIX_FMT_SGRBG10</constant></entry>
- <entry>'DA10'</entry>
- <entry>10 bit raw Bayer, expanded to 16 bits.</entry>
- </row>
<row id="V4L2-PIX-FMT-SGRBG10DPCM8">
<entry><constant>V4L2_PIX_FMT_SGRBG10DPCM8</constant></entry>
<entry>'DB10'</entry>
@@ -770,6 +773,11 @@ kernel sources in the file <filename>Documentation/video4linux/cx2341x/README.hm
<entry>'S920'</entry>
<entry>YUV 4:2:0 format of the gspca sn9c20x driver.</entry>
</row>
+ <row id="V4L2-PIX-FMT-SN9C2028">
+ <entry><constant>V4L2_PIX_FMT_SN9C2028</constant></entry>
+ <entry>'SONX'</entry>
+ <entry>Compressed GBRG bayer format of the gspca sn9c2028 driver.</entry>
+ </row>
<row id="V4L2-PIX-FMT-STV0680">
<entry><constant>V4L2_PIX_FMT_STV0680</constant></entry>
<entry>'S680'</entry>
@@ -787,6 +795,20 @@ http://www.thedirks.org/winnov/</ulink></para></entry>
<entry>'TM60'</entry>
<entry><para>Used by Trident tm6000</para></entry>
</row>
+ <row id="V4L2-PIX-FMT-CIT-YYVYUY">
+ <entry><constant>V4L2_PIX_FMT_CIT_YYVYUY</constant></entry>
+ <entry>'CITV'</entry>
+ <entry><para>Used by xirlink CIT, found at IBM webcams.</para>
+ <para>Uses one line of Y then 1 line of VYUY</para>
+ </entry>
+ </row>
+ <row id="V4L2-PIX-FMT-KONICA420">
+ <entry><constant>V4L2_PIX_FMT_KONICA420</constant></entry>
+ <entry>'KONI'</entry>
+ <entry><para>Used by Konica webcams.</para>
+ <para>YUV420 planar in blocks of 256 pixels.</para>
+ </entry>
+ </row>
<row id="V4L2-PIX-FMT-YYUV">
<entry><constant>V4L2_PIX_FMT_YYUV</constant></entry>
<entry>'YYUV'</entry>
diff --git a/Documentation/DocBook/v4l/v4l2.xml b/Documentation/DocBook/v4l/v4l2.xml
index 7c3c098d5d0..839e93e875a 100644
--- a/Documentation/DocBook/v4l/v4l2.xml
+++ b/Documentation/DocBook/v4l/v4l2.xml
@@ -99,6 +99,7 @@ Remote Controller chapter.</contrib>
<year>2007</year>
<year>2008</year>
<year>2009</year>
+ <year>2010</year>
<holder>Bill Dirks, Michael H. Schimek, Hans Verkuil, Martin
Rubli, Andy Walls, Muralidharan Karicheri, Mauro Carvalho Chehab</holder>
</copyright>
@@ -110,10 +111,17 @@ Rubli, Andy Walls, Muralidharan Karicheri, Mauro Carvalho Chehab</holder>
<!-- Put document revisions here, newest first. -->
<!-- API revisions (changes and additions of defines, enums,
structs, ioctls) must be noted in more detail in the history chapter
-(compat.sgml), along with the possible impact on existing drivers and
+(compat.xml), along with the possible impact on existing drivers and
applications. -->
<revision>
+ <revnumber>2.6.37</revnumber>
+ <date>2010-08-06</date>
+ <authorinitials>hv</authorinitials>
+ <revremark>Removed obsolete vtx (videotext) API.</revremark>
+ </revision>
+
+ <revision>
<revnumber>2.6.33</revnumber>
<date>2009-12-03</date>
<authorinitials>mk</authorinitials>
diff --git a/Documentation/DocBook/v4l/videodev2.h.xml b/Documentation/DocBook/v4l/videodev2.h.xml
index 865b06d9e67..325b23b6964 100644
--- a/Documentation/DocBook/v4l/videodev2.h.xml
+++ b/Documentation/DocBook/v4l/videodev2.h.xml
@@ -154,23 +154,13 @@ enum <link linkend="v4l2-buf-type">v4l2_buf_type</link> {
V4L2_BUF_TYPE_VBI_OUTPUT = 5,
V4L2_BUF_TYPE_SLICED_VBI_CAPTURE = 6,
V4L2_BUF_TYPE_SLICED_VBI_OUTPUT = 7,
-#if 1 /*KEEP*/
+#if 1
/* Experimental */
V4L2_BUF_TYPE_VIDEO_OUTPUT_OVERLAY = 8,
#endif
V4L2_BUF_TYPE_PRIVATE = 0x80,
};
-enum <link linkend="v4l2-ctrl-type">v4l2_ctrl_type</link> {
- V4L2_CTRL_TYPE_INTEGER = 1,
- V4L2_CTRL_TYPE_BOOLEAN = 2,
- V4L2_CTRL_TYPE_MENU = 3,
- V4L2_CTRL_TYPE_BUTTON = 4,
- V4L2_CTRL_TYPE_INTEGER64 = 5,
- V4L2_CTRL_TYPE_CTRL_CLASS = 6,
- V4L2_CTRL_TYPE_STRING = 7,
-};
-
enum <link linkend="v4l2-tuner-type">v4l2_tuner_type</link> {
V4L2_TUNER_RADIO = 1,
V4L2_TUNER_ANALOG_TV = 2,
@@ -288,6 +278,7 @@ struct <link linkend="v4l2-pix-format">v4l2_pix_format</link> {
#define <link linkend="V4L2-PIX-FMT-RGB565">V4L2_PIX_FMT_RGB565</link> v4l2_fourcc('R', 'G', 'B', 'P') /* 16 RGB-5-6-5 */
#define <link linkend="V4L2-PIX-FMT-RGB555X">V4L2_PIX_FMT_RGB555X</link> v4l2_fourcc('R', 'G', 'B', 'Q') /* 16 RGB-5-5-5 BE */
#define <link linkend="V4L2-PIX-FMT-RGB565X">V4L2_PIX_FMT_RGB565X</link> v4l2_fourcc('R', 'G', 'B', 'R') /* 16 RGB-5-6-5 BE */
+#define <link linkend="V4L2-PIX-FMT-BGR666">V4L2_PIX_FMT_BGR666</link> v4l2_fourcc('B', 'G', 'R', 'H') /* 18 BGR-6-6-6 */
#define <link linkend="V4L2-PIX-FMT-BGR24">V4L2_PIX_FMT_BGR24</link> v4l2_fourcc('B', 'G', 'R', '3') /* 24 BGR-8-8-8 */
#define <link linkend="V4L2-PIX-FMT-RGB24">V4L2_PIX_FMT_RGB24</link> v4l2_fourcc('R', 'G', 'B', '3') /* 24 RGB-8-8-8 */
#define <link linkend="V4L2-PIX-FMT-BGR32">V4L2_PIX_FMT_BGR32</link> v4l2_fourcc('B', 'G', 'R', '4') /* 32 BGR-8-8-8-8 */
@@ -295,6 +286,9 @@ struct <link linkend="v4l2-pix-format">v4l2_pix_format</link> {
/* Grey formats */
#define <link linkend="V4L2-PIX-FMT-GREY">V4L2_PIX_FMT_GREY</link> v4l2_fourcc('G', 'R', 'E', 'Y') /* 8 Greyscale */
+#define <link linkend="V4L2-PIX-FMT-Y4">V4L2_PIX_FMT_Y4</link> v4l2_fourcc('Y', '0', '4', ' ') /* 4 Greyscale */
+#define <link linkend="V4L2-PIX-FMT-Y6">V4L2_PIX_FMT_Y6</link> v4l2_fourcc('Y', '0', '6', ' ') /* 6 Greyscale */
+#define <link linkend="V4L2-PIX-FMT-Y10">V4L2_PIX_FMT_Y10</link> v4l2_fourcc('Y', '1', '0', ' ') /* 10 Greyscale */
#define <link linkend="V4L2-PIX-FMT-Y16">V4L2_PIX_FMT_Y16</link> v4l2_fourcc('Y', '1', '6', ' ') /* 16 Greyscale */
/* Palette formats */
@@ -330,7 +324,11 @@ struct <link linkend="v4l2-pix-format">v4l2_pix_format</link> {
#define <link linkend="V4L2-PIX-FMT-SBGGR8">V4L2_PIX_FMT_SBGGR8</link> v4l2_fourcc('B', 'A', '8', '1') /* 8 BGBG.. GRGR.. */
#define <link linkend="V4L2-PIX-FMT-SGBRG8">V4L2_PIX_FMT_SGBRG8</link> v4l2_fourcc('G', 'B', 'R', 'G') /* 8 GBGB.. RGRG.. */
#define <link linkend="V4L2-PIX-FMT-SGRBG8">V4L2_PIX_FMT_SGRBG8</link> v4l2_fourcc('G', 'R', 'B', 'G') /* 8 GRGR.. BGBG.. */
-#define <link linkend="V4L2-PIX-FMT-SGRBG10">V4L2_PIX_FMT_SGRBG10</link> v4l2_fourcc('B', 'A', '1', '0') /* 10bit raw bayer */
+#define <link linkend="V4L2-PIX-FMT-SRGGB8">V4L2_PIX_FMT_SRGGB8</link> v4l2_fourcc('R', 'G', 'G', 'B') /* 8 RGRG.. GBGB.. */
+#define <link linkend="V4L2-PIX-FMT-SBGGR10">V4L2_PIX_FMT_SBGGR10</link> v4l2_fourcc('B', 'G', '1', '0') /* 10 BGBG.. GRGR.. */
+#define <link linkend="V4L2-PIX-FMT-SGBRG10">V4L2_PIX_FMT_SGBRG10</link> v4l2_fourcc('G', 'B', '1', '0') /* 10 GBGB.. RGRG.. */
+#define <link linkend="V4L2-PIX-FMT-SGRBG10">V4L2_PIX_FMT_SGRBG10</link> v4l2_fourcc('B', 'A', '1', '0') /* 10 GRGR.. BGBG.. */
+#define <link linkend="V4L2-PIX-FMT-SRGGB10">V4L2_PIX_FMT_SRGGB10</link> v4l2_fourcc('R', 'G', '1', '0') /* 10 RGRG.. GBGB.. */
/* 10bit raw bayer DPCM compressed to 8 bits */
#define <link linkend="V4L2-PIX-FMT-SGRBG10DPCM8">V4L2_PIX_FMT_SGRBG10DPCM8</link> v4l2_fourcc('B', 'D', '1', '0')
/*
@@ -346,6 +344,7 @@ struct <link linkend="v4l2-pix-format">v4l2_pix_format</link> {
#define <link linkend="V4L2-PIX-FMT-MPEG">V4L2_PIX_FMT_MPEG</link> v4l2_fourcc('M', 'P', 'E', 'G') /* MPEG-1/2/4 */
/* Vendor-specific formats */
+#define <link linkend="V4L2-PIX-FMT-CPIA1">V4L2_PIX_FMT_CPIA1</link> v4l2_fourcc('C', 'P', 'I', 'A') /* cpia1 YUV */
#define <link linkend="V4L2-PIX-FMT-WNVA">V4L2_PIX_FMT_WNVA</link> v4l2_fourcc('W', 'N', 'V', 'A') /* Winnov hw compress */
#define <link linkend="V4L2-PIX-FMT-SN9C10X">V4L2_PIX_FMT_SN9C10X</link> v4l2_fourcc('S', '9', '1', '0') /* SN9C10x compression */
#define <link linkend="V4L2-PIX-FMT-SN9C20X-I420">V4L2_PIX_FMT_SN9C20X_I420</link> v4l2_fourcc('S', '9', '2', '0') /* SN9C20x YUV 4:2:0 */
@@ -358,12 +357,15 @@ struct <link linkend="v4l2-pix-format">v4l2_pix_format</link> {
#define <link linkend="V4L2-PIX-FMT-SPCA561">V4L2_PIX_FMT_SPCA561</link> v4l2_fourcc('S', '5', '6', '1') /* compressed GBRG bayer */
#define <link linkend="V4L2-PIX-FMT-PAC207">V4L2_PIX_FMT_PAC207</link> v4l2_fourcc('P', '2', '0', '7') /* compressed BGGR bayer */
#define <link linkend="V4L2-PIX-FMT-MR97310A">V4L2_PIX_FMT_MR97310A</link> v4l2_fourcc('M', '3', '1', '0') /* compressed BGGR bayer */
+#define <link linkend="V4L2-PIX-FMT-SN9C2028">V4L2_PIX_FMT_SN9C2028</link> v4l2_fourcc('S', 'O', 'N', 'X') /* compressed GBRG bayer */
#define <link linkend="V4L2-PIX-FMT-SQ905C">V4L2_PIX_FMT_SQ905C</link> v4l2_fourcc('9', '0', '5', 'C') /* compressed RGGB bayer */
#define <link linkend="V4L2-PIX-FMT-PJPG">V4L2_PIX_FMT_PJPG</link> v4l2_fourcc('P', 'J', 'P', 'G') /* Pixart 73xx JPEG */
#define <link linkend="V4L2-PIX-FMT-OV511">V4L2_PIX_FMT_OV511</link> v4l2_fourcc('O', '5', '1', '1') /* ov511 JPEG */
#define <link linkend="V4L2-PIX-FMT-OV518">V4L2_PIX_FMT_OV518</link> v4l2_fourcc('O', '5', '1', '8') /* ov518 JPEG */
-#define <link linkend="V4L2-PIX-FMT-TM6000">V4L2_PIX_FMT_TM6000</link> v4l2_fourcc('T', 'M', '6', '0') /* tm5600/tm60x0 */
#define <link linkend="V4L2-PIX-FMT-STV0680">V4L2_PIX_FMT_STV0680</link> v4l2_fourcc('S', '6', '8', '0') /* stv0680 bayer */
+#define <link linkend="V4L2-PIX-FMT-TM6000">V4L2_PIX_FMT_TM6000</link> v4l2_fourcc('T', 'M', '6', '0') /* tm5600/tm60x0 */
+#define <link linkend="V4L2-PIX-FMT-CIT-YYVYUY">V4L2_PIX_FMT_CIT_YYVYUY</link> v4l2_fourcc('C', 'I', 'T', 'V') /* one line of Y then 1 line of VYUY */
+#define <link linkend="V4L2-PIX-FMT-KONICA420">V4L2_PIX_FMT_KONICA420</link> v4l2_fourcc('K', 'O', 'N', 'I') /* YUV420 planar in blocks of 256 pixels */
/*
* F O R M A T E N U M E R A T I O N
@@ -380,7 +382,7 @@ struct <link linkend="v4l2-fmtdesc">v4l2_fmtdesc</link> {
#define V4L2_FMT_FLAG_COMPRESSED 0x0001
#define V4L2_FMT_FLAG_EMULATED 0x0002
-#if 1 /*KEEP*/
+#if 1
/* Experimental Frame Size and frame rate enumeration */
/*
* F R A M E S I Z E E N U M E R A T I O N
@@ -544,6 +546,8 @@ struct <link linkend="v4l2-buffer">v4l2_buffer</link> {
#define V4L2_BUF_FLAG_KEYFRAME 0x0008 /* Image is a keyframe (I-frame) */
#define V4L2_BUF_FLAG_PFRAME 0x0010 /* Image is a P-frame */
#define V4L2_BUF_FLAG_BFRAME 0x0020 /* Image is a B-frame */
+/* Buffer is ready, but the data contained within is corrupted. */
+#define V4L2_BUF_FLAG_ERROR 0x0040
#define V4L2_BUF_FLAG_TIMECODE 0x0100 /* timecode field is valid */
#define V4L2_BUF_FLAG_INPUT 0x0200 /* input field is valid */
@@ -934,6 +938,16 @@ struct <link linkend="v4l2-ext-controls">v4l2_ext_controls</link> {
#define V4L2_CTRL_ID2CLASS(id) ((id) &amp; 0x0fff0000UL)
#define V4L2_CTRL_DRIVER_PRIV(id) (((id) &amp; 0xffff) &gt;= 0x1000)
+enum <link linkend="v4l2-ctrl-type">v4l2_ctrl_type</link> {
+ V4L2_CTRL_TYPE_INTEGER = 1,
+ V4L2_CTRL_TYPE_BOOLEAN = 2,
+ V4L2_CTRL_TYPE_MENU = 3,
+ V4L2_CTRL_TYPE_BUTTON = 4,
+ V4L2_CTRL_TYPE_INTEGER64 = 5,
+ V4L2_CTRL_TYPE_CTRL_CLASS = 6,
+ V4L2_CTRL_TYPE_STRING = 7,
+};
+
/* Used in the VIDIOC_QUERYCTRL ioctl for querying controls */
struct <link linkend="v4l2-queryctrl">v4l2_queryctrl</link> {
__u32 id;
@@ -1018,21 +1032,27 @@ enum <link linkend="v4l2-colorfx">v4l2_colorfx</link> {
V4L2_COLORFX_NONE = 0,
V4L2_COLORFX_BW = 1,
V4L2_COLORFX_SEPIA = 2,
- V4L2_COLORFX_NEGATIVE = 3,
- V4L2_COLORFX_EMBOSS = 4,
- V4L2_COLORFX_SKETCH = 5,
- V4L2_COLORFX_SKY_BLUE = 6,
+ V4L2_COLORFX_NEGATIVE = 3,
+ V4L2_COLORFX_EMBOSS = 4,
+ V4L2_COLORFX_SKETCH = 5,
+ V4L2_COLORFX_SKY_BLUE = 6,
V4L2_COLORFX_GRASS_GREEN = 7,
V4L2_COLORFX_SKIN_WHITEN = 8,
- V4L2_COLORFX_VIVID = 9.
+ V4L2_COLORFX_VIVID = 9,
};
#define V4L2_CID_AUTOBRIGHTNESS (V4L2_CID_BASE+32)
#define V4L2_CID_BAND_STOP_FILTER (V4L2_CID_BASE+33)
#define V4L2_CID_ROTATE (V4L2_CID_BASE+34)
#define V4L2_CID_BG_COLOR (V4L2_CID_BASE+35)
+
+#define V4L2_CID_CHROMA_GAIN (V4L2_CID_BASE+36)
+
+#define V4L2_CID_ILLUMINATORS_1 (V4L2_CID_BASE+37)
+#define V4L2_CID_ILLUMINATORS_2 (V4L2_CID_BASE+38)
+
/* last CID + 1 */
-#define V4L2_CID_LASTP1 (V4L2_CID_BASE+36)
+#define V4L2_CID_LASTP1 (V4L2_CID_BASE+39)
/* MPEG-class control IDs defined by V4L2 */
#define V4L2_CID_MPEG_BASE (V4L2_CTRL_CLASS_MPEG | 0x900)
@@ -1349,6 +1369,8 @@ struct <link linkend="v4l2-modulator">v4l2_modulator</link> {
#define V4L2_TUNER_CAP_SAP 0x0020
#define V4L2_TUNER_CAP_LANG1 0x0040
#define V4L2_TUNER_CAP_RDS 0x0080
+#define V4L2_TUNER_CAP_RDS_BLOCK_IO 0x0100
+#define V4L2_TUNER_CAP_RDS_CONTROLS 0x0200
/* Flags for the 'rxsubchans' field */
#define V4L2_TUNER_SUB_MONO 0x0001
@@ -1378,7 +1400,8 @@ struct <link linkend="v4l2-hw-freq-seek">v4l2_hw_freq_seek</link> {
enum <link linkend="v4l2-tuner-type">v4l2_tuner_type</link> type;
__u32 seek_upward;
__u32 wrap_around;
- __u32 reserved[8];
+ __u32 spacing;
+ __u32 reserved[7];
};
/*
@@ -1433,7 +1456,7 @@ struct <link linkend="v4l2-audioout">v4l2_audioout</link> {
*
* NOTE: EXPERIMENTAL API
*/
-#if 1 /*KEEP*/
+#if 1
#define V4L2_ENC_IDX_FRAME_I (0)
#define V4L2_ENC_IDX_FRAME_P (1)
#define V4L2_ENC_IDX_FRAME_B (2)
@@ -1626,6 +1649,38 @@ struct <link linkend="v4l2-streamparm">v4l2_streamparm</link> {
};
/*
+ * E V E N T S
+ */
+
+#define V4L2_EVENT_ALL 0
+#define V4L2_EVENT_VSYNC 1
+#define V4L2_EVENT_EOS 2
+#define V4L2_EVENT_PRIVATE_START 0x08000000
+
+/* Payload for V4L2_EVENT_VSYNC */
+struct <link linkend="v4l2-event-vsync">v4l2_event_vsync</link> {
+ /* Can be V4L2_FIELD_ANY, _NONE, _TOP or _BOTTOM */
+ __u8 field;
+} __attribute__ ((packed));
+
+struct <link linkend="v4l2-event">v4l2_event</link> {
+ __u32 type;
+ union {
+ struct <link linkend="v4l2-event-vsync">v4l2_event_vsync</link> vsync;
+ __u8 data[64];
+ } u;
+ __u32 pending;
+ __u32 sequence;
+ struct timespec timestamp;
+ __u32 reserved[9];
+};
+
+struct <link linkend="v4l2-event-subscription">v4l2_event_subscription</link> {
+ __u32 type;
+ __u32 reserved[7];
+};
+
+/*
* A D V A N C E D D E B U G G I N G
*
* NOTE: EXPERIMENTAL API, NEVER RELY ON THIS IN APPLICATIONS!
@@ -1720,7 +1775,7 @@ struct <link linkend="v4l2-dbg-chip-ident">v4l2_dbg_chip_ident</link> {
#define VIDIOC_G_EXT_CTRLS _IOWR('V', 71, struct <link linkend="v4l2-ext-controls">v4l2_ext_controls</link>)
#define VIDIOC_S_EXT_CTRLS _IOWR('V', 72, struct <link linkend="v4l2-ext-controls">v4l2_ext_controls</link>)
#define VIDIOC_TRY_EXT_CTRLS _IOWR('V', 73, struct <link linkend="v4l2-ext-controls">v4l2_ext_controls</link>)
-#if 1 /*KEEP*/
+#if 1
#define VIDIOC_ENUM_FRAMESIZES _IOWR('V', 74, struct <link linkend="v4l2-frmsizeenum">v4l2_frmsizeenum</link>)
#define VIDIOC_ENUM_FRAMEINTERVALS _IOWR('V', 75, struct <link linkend="v4l2-frmivalenum">v4l2_frmivalenum</link>)
#define VIDIOC_G_ENC_INDEX _IOR('V', 76, struct <link linkend="v4l2-enc-idx">v4l2_enc_idx</link>)
@@ -1728,7 +1783,7 @@ struct <link linkend="v4l2-dbg-chip-ident">v4l2_dbg_chip_ident</link> {
#define VIDIOC_TRY_ENCODER_CMD _IOWR('V', 78, struct <link linkend="v4l2-encoder-cmd">v4l2_encoder_cmd</link>)
#endif
-#if 1 /*KEEP*/
+#if 1
/* Experimental, meant for debugging, testing and internal use.
Only implemented if CONFIG_VIDEO_ADV_DEBUG is defined.
You must be root to use these ioctls. Never use these in applications! */
@@ -1747,6 +1802,9 @@ struct <link linkend="v4l2-dbg-chip-ident">v4l2_dbg_chip_ident</link> {
#define VIDIOC_QUERY_DV_PRESET _IOR('V', 86, struct <link linkend="v4l2-dv-preset">v4l2_dv_preset</link>)
#define VIDIOC_S_DV_TIMINGS _IOWR('V', 87, struct <link linkend="v4l2-dv-timings">v4l2_dv_timings</link>)
#define VIDIOC_G_DV_TIMINGS _IOWR('V', 88, struct <link linkend="v4l2-dv-timings">v4l2_dv_timings</link>)
+#define VIDIOC_DQEVENT _IOR('V', 89, struct <link linkend="v4l2-event">v4l2_event</link>)
+#define VIDIOC_SUBSCRIBE_EVENT _IOW('V', 90, struct <link linkend="v4l2-event-subscription">v4l2_event_subscription</link>)
+#define VIDIOC_UNSUBSCRIBE_EVENT _IOW('V', 91, struct <link linkend="v4l2-event-subscription">v4l2_event_subscription</link>)
/* Reminder: when adding new ioctls please add support for them to
drivers/media/video/v4l2-compat-ioctl32.c as well! */
diff --git a/Documentation/DocBook/v4l/vidioc-g-dv-preset.xml b/Documentation/DocBook/v4l/vidioc-g-dv-preset.xml
index 3c6784e132f..d733721a751 100644
--- a/Documentation/DocBook/v4l/vidioc-g-dv-preset.xml
+++ b/Documentation/DocBook/v4l/vidioc-g-dv-preset.xml
@@ -16,8 +16,7 @@
<funcdef>int <function>ioctl</function></funcdef>
<paramdef>int <parameter>fd</parameter></paramdef>
<paramdef>int <parameter>request</parameter></paramdef>
- <paramdef>&v4l2-dv-preset;
-*<parameter>argp</parameter></paramdef>
+ <paramdef>struct v4l2_dv_preset *<parameter>argp</parameter></paramdef>
</funcprototype>
</funcsynopsis>
</refsynopsisdiv>
diff --git a/Documentation/DocBook/v4l/vidioc-g-dv-timings.xml b/Documentation/DocBook/v4l/vidioc-g-dv-timings.xml
index ecc19576bb8..d5ec6abf0ce 100644
--- a/Documentation/DocBook/v4l/vidioc-g-dv-timings.xml
+++ b/Documentation/DocBook/v4l/vidioc-g-dv-timings.xml
@@ -16,8 +16,7 @@
<funcdef>int <function>ioctl</function></funcdef>
<paramdef>int <parameter>fd</parameter></paramdef>
<paramdef>int <parameter>request</parameter></paramdef>
- <paramdef>&v4l2-dv-timings;
-*<parameter>argp</parameter></paramdef>
+ <paramdef>struct v4l2_dv_timings *<parameter>argp</parameter></paramdef>
</funcprototype>
</funcsynopsis>
</refsynopsisdiv>
diff --git a/Documentation/DocBook/v4l/vidioc-query-dv-preset.xml b/Documentation/DocBook/v4l/vidioc-query-dv-preset.xml
index 402229ee06f..d272f7ab91b 100644
--- a/Documentation/DocBook/v4l/vidioc-query-dv-preset.xml
+++ b/Documentation/DocBook/v4l/vidioc-query-dv-preset.xml
@@ -16,7 +16,7 @@ input</refpurpose>
<funcdef>int <function>ioctl</function></funcdef>
<paramdef>int <parameter>fd</parameter></paramdef>
<paramdef>int <parameter>request</parameter></paramdef>
- <paramdef>&v4l2-dv-preset; *<parameter>argp</parameter></paramdef>
+ <paramdef>struct v4l2_dv_preset *<parameter>argp</parameter></paramdef>
</funcprototype>
</funcsynopsis>
</refsynopsisdiv>
diff --git a/Documentation/DocBook/v4l/vidioc-querycap.xml b/Documentation/DocBook/v4l/vidioc-querycap.xml
index 6ab7e25b31b..d499da93a45 100644
--- a/Documentation/DocBook/v4l/vidioc-querycap.xml
+++ b/Documentation/DocBook/v4l/vidioc-querycap.xml
@@ -184,7 +184,7 @@ data.</entry>
<row>
<entry><constant>V4L2_CAP_RDS_CAPTURE</constant></entry>
<entry>0x00000100</entry>
- <entry>The device supports the <link linkend="rds">RDS</link> interface.</entry>
+ <entry>The device supports the <link linkend="rds">RDS</link> capture interface.</entry>
</row>
<row>
<entry><constant>V4L2_CAP_VIDEO_OUTPUT_OVERLAY</constant></entry>
@@ -206,6 +206,11 @@ driver capabilities.</para></footnote></entry>
hardware frequency seeking.</entry>
</row>
<row>
+ <entry><constant>V4L2_CAP_RDS_OUTPUT</constant></entry>
+ <entry>0x00000800</entry>
+ <entry>The device supports the <link linkend="rds">RDS</link> output interface.</entry>
+ </row>
+ <row>
<entry><constant>V4L2_CAP_TUNER</constant></entry>
<entry>0x00010000</entry>
<entry>The device has some sort of tuner to
diff --git a/Documentation/DocBook/v4l/vidioc-queryctrl.xml b/Documentation/DocBook/v4l/vidioc-queryctrl.xml
index 8e0e055ac93..0d5e8283cf3 100644
--- a/Documentation/DocBook/v4l/vidioc-queryctrl.xml
+++ b/Documentation/DocBook/v4l/vidioc-queryctrl.xml
@@ -103,8 +103,12 @@ structure. The driver fills the rest of the structure or returns an
<structfield>index</structfield> is invalid. Menu items are enumerated
by calling <constant>VIDIOC_QUERYMENU</constant> with successive
<structfield>index</structfield> values from &v4l2-queryctrl;
-<structfield>minimum</structfield> (0) to
-<structfield>maximum</structfield>, inclusive.</para>
+<structfield>minimum</structfield> to
+<structfield>maximum</structfield>, inclusive. Note that it is possible
+for <constant>VIDIOC_QUERYMENU</constant> to return an &EINVAL; for some
+indices between <structfield>minimum</structfield> and <structfield>maximum</structfield>.
+In that case that particular menu item is not supported by this driver. Also note that
+the <structfield>minimum</structfield> value is not necessarily 0.</para>
<para>See also the examples in <xref linkend="control" />.</para>
@@ -139,7 +143,7 @@ string. This information is intended for the user.</entry>
<entry><structfield>minimum</structfield></entry>
<entry>Minimum value, inclusive. This field gives a lower
bound for <constant>V4L2_CTRL_TYPE_INTEGER</constant> controls and the
-lowest valid index (always 0) for <constant>V4L2_CTRL_TYPE_MENU</constant> controls.
+lowest valid index for <constant>V4L2_CTRL_TYPE_MENU</constant> controls.
For <constant>V4L2_CTRL_TYPE_STRING</constant> controls the minimum value
gives the minimum length of the string. This length <emphasis>does not include the terminating
zero</emphasis>. It may not be valid for any other type of control, including
@@ -279,7 +283,7 @@ values which are actually different on the hardware.</entry>
</row>
<row>
<entry><constant>V4L2_CTRL_TYPE_MENU</constant></entry>
- <entry>0</entry>
+ <entry>&ge; 0</entry>
<entry>1</entry>
<entry>N-1</entry>
<entry>The control has a menu of N choices. The names of
@@ -405,8 +409,10 @@ writing a value will cause the device to carry out a given action
<term><errorcode>EINVAL</errorcode></term>
<listitem>
<para>The &v4l2-queryctrl; <structfield>id</structfield>
-is invalid. The &v4l2-querymenu; <structfield>id</structfield> or
-<structfield>index</structfield> is invalid.</para>
+is invalid. The &v4l2-querymenu; <structfield>id</structfield> is
+invalid or <structfield>index</structfield> is out of range (less than
+<structfield>minimum</structfield> or greater than <structfield>maximum</structfield>)
+or this particular menu item is not supported by the driver.</para>
</listitem>
</varlistentry>
<varlistentry>
diff --git a/Documentation/DocBook/v4l/vidioc-s-hw-freq-seek.xml b/Documentation/DocBook/v4l/vidioc-s-hw-freq-seek.xml
index 14b3ec7ed75..c30dcc4232c 100644
--- a/Documentation/DocBook/v4l/vidioc-s-hw-freq-seek.xml
+++ b/Documentation/DocBook/v4l/vidioc-s-hw-freq-seek.xml
@@ -51,7 +51,8 @@
<para>Start a hardware frequency seek from the current frequency.
To do this applications initialize the <structfield>tuner</structfield>,
-<structfield>type</structfield>, <structfield>seek_upward</structfield> and
+<structfield>type</structfield>, <structfield>seek_upward</structfield>,
+<structfield>spacing</structfield> and
<structfield>wrap_around</structfield> fields, and zero out the
<structfield>reserved</structfield> array of a &v4l2-hw-freq-seek; and
call the <constant>VIDIOC_S_HW_FREQ_SEEK</constant> ioctl with a pointer
@@ -89,7 +90,12 @@ field and the &v4l2-tuner; <structfield>index</structfield> field.</entry>
</row>
<row>
<entry>__u32</entry>
- <entry><structfield>reserved</structfield>[8]</entry>
+ <entry><structfield>spacing</structfield></entry>
+ <entry>If non-zero, defines the hardware seek resolution in Hz. The driver selects the nearest value that is supported by the device. If spacing is zero a reasonable default value is used.</entry>
+ </row>
+ <row>
+ <entry>__u32</entry>
+ <entry><structfield>reserved</structfield>[7]</entry>
<entry>Reserved for future extensions. Drivers and
applications must set the array to zero.</entry>
</row>
diff --git a/Documentation/accounting/getdelays.c b/Documentation/accounting/getdelays.c
index 6e25c2659e0..a2976a6de03 100644
--- a/Documentation/accounting/getdelays.c
+++ b/Documentation/accounting/getdelays.c
@@ -21,6 +21,7 @@
#include <sys/types.h>
#include <sys/stat.h>
#include <sys/socket.h>
+#include <sys/wait.h>
#include <signal.h>
#include <linux/genetlink.h>
@@ -266,11 +267,13 @@ int main(int argc, char *argv[])
int containerset = 0;
char containerpath[1024];
int cfd = 0;
+ int forking = 0;
+ sigset_t sigset;
struct msgtemplate msg;
- while (1) {
- c = getopt(argc, argv, "qdiw:r:m:t:p:vlC:");
+ while (!forking) {
+ c = getopt(argc, argv, "qdiw:r:m:t:p:vlC:c:");
if (c < 0)
break;
@@ -319,6 +322,28 @@ int main(int argc, char *argv[])
err(1, "Invalid pid\n");
cmd_type = TASKSTATS_CMD_ATTR_PID;
break;
+ case 'c':
+
+ /* Block SIGCHLD for sigwait() later */
+ if (sigemptyset(&sigset) == -1)
+ err(1, "Failed to empty sigset");
+ if (sigaddset(&sigset, SIGCHLD))
+ err(1, "Failed to set sigchld in sigset");
+ sigprocmask(SIG_BLOCK, &sigset, NULL);
+
+ /* fork/exec a child */
+ tid = fork();
+ if (tid < 0)
+ err(1, "Fork failed\n");
+ if (tid == 0)
+ if (execvp(argv[optind - 1],
+ &argv[optind - 1]) < 0)
+ exit(-1);
+
+ /* Set the command type and avoid further processing */
+ cmd_type = TASKSTATS_CMD_ATTR_PID;
+ forking = 1;
+ break;
case 'v':
printf("debug on\n");
dbg = 1;
@@ -370,6 +395,15 @@ int main(int argc, char *argv[])
goto err;
}
+ /*
+ * If we forked a child, wait for it to exit. Cannot use waitpid()
+ * as all the delicious data would be reaped as part of the wait
+ */
+ if (tid && forking) {
+ int sig_received;
+ sigwait(&sigset, &sig_received);
+ }
+
if (tid) {
rc = send_cmd(nl_sd, id, mypid, TASKSTATS_CMD_GET,
cmd_type, &tid, sizeof(__u32));
diff --git a/Documentation/block/switching-sched.txt b/Documentation/block/switching-sched.txt
index d5af3f63081..71cfbdc0f74 100644
--- a/Documentation/block/switching-sched.txt
+++ b/Documentation/block/switching-sched.txt
@@ -16,7 +16,7 @@ you can do so by typing:
As of the Linux 2.6.10 kernel, it is now possible to change the
IO scheduler for a given block device on the fly (thus making it possible,
for instance, to set the CFQ scheduler for the system default, but
-set a specific device to use the anticipatory or noop schedulers - which
+set a specific device to use the deadline or noop schedulers - which
can improve that device's throughput).
To set a specific scheduler, simply do this:
@@ -31,7 +31,7 @@ a "cat /sys/block/DEV/queue/scheduler" - the list of valid names
will be displayed, with the currently selected scheduler in brackets:
# cat /sys/block/hda/queue/scheduler
-noop anticipatory deadline [cfq]
-# echo anticipatory > /sys/block/hda/queue/scheduler
+noop deadline [cfq]
+# echo deadline > /sys/block/hda/queue/scheduler
# cat /sys/block/hda/queue/scheduler
-noop [anticipatory] deadline cfq
+noop [deadline] cfq
diff --git a/Documentation/cgroups/cgroups.txt b/Documentation/cgroups/cgroups.txt
index b34823ff164..190018b0c64 100644
--- a/Documentation/cgroups/cgroups.txt
+++ b/Documentation/cgroups/cgroups.txt
@@ -18,7 +18,8 @@ CONTENTS:
1.2 Why are cgroups needed ?
1.3 How are cgroups implemented ?
1.4 What does notify_on_release do ?
- 1.5 How do I use cgroups ?
+ 1.5 What does clone_children do ?
+ 1.6 How do I use cgroups ?
2. Usage Examples and Syntax
2.1 Basic Usage
2.2 Attaching processes
@@ -293,7 +294,16 @@ notify_on_release in the root cgroup at system boot is disabled
value of their parents notify_on_release setting. The default value of
a cgroup hierarchy's release_agent path is empty.
-1.5 How do I use cgroups ?
+1.5 What does clone_children do ?
+---------------------------------
+
+If the clone_children flag is enabled (1) in a cgroup, then all
+cgroups created beneath will call the post_clone callbacks for each
+subsystem of the newly created cgroup. Usually when this callback is
+implemented for a subsystem, it copies the values of the parent
+subsystem, this is the case for the cpuset.
+
+1.6 How do I use cgroups ?
--------------------------
To start a new job that is to be contained within a cgroup, using
diff --git a/Documentation/coccinelle.txt b/Documentation/coccinelle.txt
index cd2b0283706..4a276ea7001 100644
--- a/Documentation/coccinelle.txt
+++ b/Documentation/coccinelle.txt
@@ -24,6 +24,9 @@ of many distributions, e.g. :
You can get the latest version released from the Coccinelle homepage at
http://coccinelle.lip6.fr/
+Information and tips about Coccinelle are also provided on the wiki
+pages at http://cocci.ekstranet.diku.dk/wiki/doku.php
+
Once you have it, run the following command:
./configure
@@ -41,20 +44,22 @@ A Coccinelle-specific target is defined in the top level
Makefile. This target is named 'coccicheck' and calls the 'coccicheck'
front-end in the 'scripts' directory.
-Four modes are defined: report, patch, context, and org. The mode to
+Four modes are defined: patch, report, context, and org. The mode to
use is specified by setting the MODE variable with 'MODE=<mode>'.
+'patch' proposes a fix, when possible.
+
'report' generates a list in the following format:
file:line:column-column: message
-'patch' proposes a fix, when possible.
-
'context' highlights lines of interest and their context in a
diff-like style.Lines of interest are indicated with '-'.
'org' generates a report in the Org mode format of Emacs.
-Note that not all semantic patches implement all modes.
+Note that not all semantic patches implement all modes. For easy use
+of Coccinelle, the default mode is "chain" which tries the previous
+modes in the order above until one succeeds.
To make a report for every semantic patch, run the following command:
@@ -68,9 +73,9 @@ To produce patches, run:
The coccicheck target applies every semantic patch available in the
-subdirectories of 'scripts/coccinelle' to the entire Linux kernel.
+sub-directories of 'scripts/coccinelle' to the entire Linux kernel.
-For each semantic patch, a changelog message is proposed. It gives a
+For each semantic patch, a commit message is proposed. It gives a
description of the problem being checked by the semantic patch, and
includes a reference to Coccinelle.
@@ -93,12 +98,35 @@ or
make coccicheck COCCI=<my_SP.cocci> MODE=report
+ Using Coccinelle on (modified) files
+~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
+
+To apply Coccinelle on a file basis, instead of a directory basis, the
+following command may be used:
+
+ make C=1 CHECK="scripts/coccicheck"
+
+To check only newly edited code, use the value 2 for the C flag, i.e.
+
+ make C=2 CHECK="scripts/coccicheck"
+
+This runs every semantic patch in scripts/coccinelle by default. The
+COCCI variable may additionally be used to only apply a single
+semantic patch as shown in the previous section.
+
+The "chain" mode is the default. You can select another one with the
+MODE variable explained above.
+
+In this mode, there is no information about semantic patches
+displayed, and no commit message proposed.
+
+
Proposing new semantic patches
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
New semantic patches can be proposed and submitted by kernel
developers. For sake of clarity, they should be organized in the
-subdirectories of 'scripts/coccinelle/'.
+sub-directories of 'scripts/coccinelle/'.
Detailed description of the 'report' mode
@@ -111,7 +139,7 @@ Example:
Running
- make coccicheck MODE=report COCCI=scripts/coccinelle/err_cast.cocci
+ make coccicheck MODE=report COCCI=scripts/coccinelle/api/err_cast.cocci
will execute the following part of the SmPL script.
@@ -149,7 +177,7 @@ identified.
Example:
Running
- make coccicheck MODE=patch COCCI=scripts/coccinelle/err_cast.cocci
+ make coccicheck MODE=patch COCCI=scripts/coccinelle/api/err_cast.cocci
will execute the following part of the SmPL script.
@@ -193,7 +221,7 @@ NOTE: The diff-like output generated is NOT an applicable patch. The
Example:
Running
- make coccicheck MODE=context COCCI=scripts/coccinelle/err_cast.cocci
+ make coccicheck MODE=context COCCI=scripts/coccinelle/api/err_cast.cocci
will execute the following part of the SmPL script.
@@ -228,7 +256,7 @@ diff -u -p /home/user/linux/crypto/ctr.c /tmp/nothing
Example:
Running
- make coccicheck MODE=org COCCI=scripts/coccinelle/err_cast.cocci
+ make coccicheck MODE=org COCCI=scripts/coccinelle/api/err_cast.cocci
will execute the following part of the SmPL script.
diff --git a/Documentation/devices.txt b/Documentation/devices.txt
index c58abf1ccc7..eccffe71522 100644
--- a/Documentation/devices.txt
+++ b/Documentation/devices.txt
@@ -1496,9 +1496,6 @@ Your cooperation is appreciated.
64 = /dev/radio0 Radio device
...
127 = /dev/radio63 Radio device
- 192 = /dev/vtx0 Teletext device
- ...
- 223 = /dev/vtx31 Teletext device
224 = /dev/vbi0 Vertical blank interrupt
...
255 = /dev/vbi31 Vertical blank interrupt
@@ -2520,6 +2517,12 @@ Your cooperation is appreciated.
8 = /dev/mmcblk1 Second SD/MMC card
...
+ The start of next SD/MMC card can be configured with
+ CONFIG_MMC_BLOCK_MINORS, or overridden at boot/modprobe
+ time using the mmcblk.perdev_minors option. That would
+ bump the offset between each card to be the configured
+ value instead of the default 8.
+
179 char CCube DVXChip-based PCI products
0 = /dev/dvxirq0 First DVX device
1 = /dev/dvxirq1 Second DVX device
diff --git a/Documentation/dvb/get_dvb_firmware b/Documentation/dvb/get_dvb_firmware
index 350959f4e41..59690de8ebf 100644
--- a/Documentation/dvb/get_dvb_firmware
+++ b/Documentation/dvb/get_dvb_firmware
@@ -26,7 +26,8 @@ use IO::Handle;
"dec3000s", "vp7041", "dibusb", "nxt2002", "nxt2004",
"or51211", "or51132_qam", "or51132_vsb", "bluebird",
"opera1", "cx231xx", "cx18", "cx23885", "pvrusb2", "mpc718",
- "af9015", "ngene", "az6027");
+ "af9015", "ngene", "az6027", "lme2510_lg", "lme2510c_s7395",
+ "lme2510c_s7395_old");
# Check args
syntax() if (scalar(@ARGV) != 1);
@@ -584,6 +585,49 @@ sub az6027{
$firmware;
}
+
+sub lme2510_lg {
+ my $sourcefile = "LMEBDA_DVBS.sys";
+ my $hash = "fc6017ad01e79890a97ec53bea157ed2";
+ my $outfile = "dvb-usb-lme2510-lg.fw";
+ my $hasho = "caa065d5fdbd2c09ad57b399bbf55cad";
+
+ checkstandard();
+
+ verify($sourcefile, $hash);
+ extract($sourcefile, 4168, 3841, $outfile);
+ verify($outfile, $hasho);
+ $outfile;
+}
+
+sub lme2510c_s7395 {
+ my $sourcefile = "US2A0D.sys";
+ my $hash = "b0155a8083fb822a3bd47bc360e74601";
+ my $outfile = "dvb-usb-lme2510c-s7395.fw";
+ my $hasho = "3a3cf1aeebd17b6ddc04cebe131e94cf";
+
+ checkstandard();
+
+ verify($sourcefile, $hash);
+ extract($sourcefile, 37248, 3720, $outfile);
+ verify($outfile, $hasho);
+ $outfile;
+}
+
+sub lme2510c_s7395_old {
+ my $sourcefile = "LMEBDA_DVBS7395C.sys";
+ my $hash = "7572ae0eb9cdf91baabd7c0ba9e09b31";
+ my $outfile = "dvb-usb-lme2510c-s7395.fw";
+ my $hasho = "90430c5b435eb5c6f88fd44a9d950674";
+
+ checkstandard();
+
+ verify($sourcefile, $hash);
+ extract($sourcefile, 4208, 3881, $outfile);
+ verify($outfile, $hasho);
+ $outfile;
+}
+
# ---------------------------------------------------------------
# Utilities
diff --git a/Documentation/dvb/lmedm04.txt b/Documentation/dvb/lmedm04.txt
new file mode 100644
index 00000000000..e175784b89b
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/dvb/lmedm04.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,58 @@
+To extract firmware for the DM04/QQBOX you need to copy the
+following file(s) to this directory.
+
+for DM04+/QQBOX LME2510C (Sharp 7395 Tuner)
+-------------------------------------------
+
+The Sharp 7395 driver can be found in windows/system32/driver
+
+US2A0D.sys (dated 17 Mar 2009)
+
+
+and run
+./get_dvb_firmware lme2510c_s7395
+
+ will produce
+ dvb-usb-lme2510c-s7395.fw
+
+An alternative but older firmware can be found on the driver
+disk DVB-S_EN_3.5A in BDADriver/driver
+
+LMEBDA_DVBS7395C.sys (dated 18 Jan 2008)
+
+and run
+./get_dvb_firmware lme2510c_s7395_old
+
+ will produce
+ dvb-usb-lme2510c-s7395.fw
+
+--------------------------------------------------------------------
+
+The LG firmware can be found on the driver
+disk DM04+_5.1A[LG] in BDADriver/driver
+
+for DM04 LME2510 (LG Tuner)
+---------------------------
+
+LMEBDA_DVBS.sys (dated 13 Nov 2007)
+
+and run
+./get_dvb_firmware lme2510_lg
+
+ will produce
+ dvb-usb-lme2510-lg.fw
+
+
+Other LG firmware can be extracted manually from US280D.sys
+only found in windows/system32/driver.
+
+dd if=US280D.sys ibs=1 skip=42616 count=3668 of=dvb-usb-lme2510-lg.fw
+
+for DM04 LME2510C (LG Tuner)
+---------------------------
+
+dd if=US280D.sys ibs=1 skip=35200 count=3850 of=dvb-usb-lme2510c-lg.fw
+
+---------------------------------------------------------------------
+
+Copy the firmware file(s) to /lib/firmware
diff --git a/Documentation/fb/viafb.txt b/Documentation/fb/viafb.txt
index f3e046a6a98..1a2e8aa3fbb 100644
--- a/Documentation/fb/viafb.txt
+++ b/Documentation/fb/viafb.txt
@@ -197,6 +197,54 @@ Notes:
example,
# fbset -depth 16
+
+[Configure viafb via /proc]
+---------------------------
+ The following files exist in /proc/viafb
+
+ supported_output_devices
+
+ This read-only file contains a full ',' seperated list containing all
+ output devices that could be available on your platform. It is likely
+ that not all of those have a connector on your hardware but it should
+ provide a good starting point to figure out which of those names match
+ a real connector.
+ Example:
+ # cat /proc/viafb/supported_output_devices
+
+ iga1/output_devices
+ iga2/output_devices
+
+ These two files are readable and writable. iga1 and iga2 are the two
+ independent units that produce the screen image. Those images can be
+ forwarded to one or more output devices. Reading those files is a way
+ to query which output devices are currently used by an iga.
+ Example:
+ # cat /proc/viafb/iga1/output_devices
+ If there are no output devices printed the output of this iga is lost.
+ This can happen for example if only one (the other) iga is used.
+ Writing to these files allows adjusting the output devices during
+ runtime. One can add new devices, remove existing ones or switch
+ between igas. Essentially you can write a ',' seperated list of device
+ names (or a single one) in the same format as the output to those
+ files. You can add a '+' or '-' as a prefix allowing simple addition
+ and removal of devices. So a prefix '+' adds the devices from your list
+ to the already existing ones, '-' removes the listed devices from the
+ existing ones and if no prefix is given it replaces all existing ones
+ with the listed ones. If you remove devices they are expected to turn
+ off. If you add devices that are already part of the other iga they are
+ removed there and added to the new one.
+ Examples:
+ Add CRT as output device to iga1
+ # echo +CRT > /proc/viafb/iga1/output_devices
+
+ Remove (turn off) DVP1 and LVDS1 as output devices of iga2
+ # echo -DVP1,LVDS1 > /proc/viafb/iga2/output_devices
+
+ Replace all iga1 output devices by CRT
+ # echo CRT > /proc/viafb/iga1/output_devices
+
+
[Bootup with viafb]:
--------------------
Add the following line to your grub.conf:
diff --git a/Documentation/feature-removal-schedule.txt b/Documentation/feature-removal-schedule.txt
index 9961f1564d2..d8f36f984fa 100644
--- a/Documentation/feature-removal-schedule.txt
+++ b/Documentation/feature-removal-schedule.txt
@@ -98,7 +98,7 @@ Who: Pavel Machek <pavel@ucw.cz>
---------------------------
What: Video4Linux API 1 ioctls and from Video devices.
-When: July 2009
+When: kernel 2.6.38
Files: include/linux/videodev.h
Check: include/linux/videodev.h
Why: V4L1 AP1 was replaced by V4L2 API during migration from 2.4 to 2.6
@@ -116,6 +116,21 @@ Who: Mauro Carvalho Chehab <mchehab@infradead.org>
---------------------------
+What: Video4Linux obsolete drivers using V4L1 API
+When: kernel 2.6.38
+Files: drivers/staging/cpia/* drivers/staging/stradis/*
+Check: drivers/staging/cpia/cpia.c drivers/staging/stradis/stradis.c
+Why: There are some drivers still using V4L1 API, despite all efforts we've done
+ to migrate. Those drivers are for obsolete hardware that the old maintainer
+ didn't care (or not have the hardware anymore), and that no other developer
+ could find any hardware to buy. They probably have no practical usage today,
+ and people with such old hardware could probably keep using an older version
+ of the kernel. Those drivers will be moved to staging on 2.6.37 and, if nobody
+ care enough to port and test them with V4L2 API, they'll be removed on 2.6.38.
+Who: Mauro Carvalho Chehab <mchehab@infradead.org>
+
+---------------------------
+
What: sys_sysctl
When: September 2010
Option: CONFIG_SYSCTL_SYSCALL
@@ -470,29 +485,6 @@ When: April 2011
Why: Superseded by xt_CT
Who: Netfilter developer team <netfilter-devel@vger.kernel.org>
----------------------------
-
-What: video4linux /dev/vtx teletext API support
-When: 2.6.35
-Files: drivers/media/video/saa5246a.c drivers/media/video/saa5249.c
- include/linux/videotext.h
-Why: The vtx device nodes have been superseded by vbi device nodes
- for many years. No applications exist that use the vtx support.
- Of the two i2c drivers that actually support this API the saa5249
- has been impossible to use for a year now and no known hardware
- that supports this device exists. The saa5246a is theoretically
- supported by the old mxb boards, but it never actually worked.
-
- In summary: there is no hardware that can use this API and there
- are no applications actually implementing this API.
-
- The vtx support still reserves minors 192-223 and we would really
- like to reuse those for upcoming new functionality. In the unlikely
- event that new hardware appears that wants to use the functionality
- provided by the vtx API, then that functionality should be build
- around the sliced VBI API instead.
-Who: Hans Verkuil <hverkuil@xs4all.nl>
-
----------------------------
What: IRQF_DISABLED
@@ -502,16 +494,6 @@ Who: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
----------------------------
-What: old ieee1394 subsystem (CONFIG_IEEE1394)
-When: 2.6.37
-Files: drivers/ieee1394/ except init_ohci1394_dma.c
-Why: superseded by drivers/firewire/ (CONFIG_FIREWIRE) which offers more
- features, better performance, and better security, all with smaller
- and more modern code base
-Who: Stefan Richter <stefanr@s5r6.in-berlin.de>
-
-----------------------------
-
What: The acpi_sleep=s4_nonvs command line option
When: 2.6.37
Files: arch/x86/kernel/acpi/sleep.c
@@ -536,6 +518,23 @@ Who: FUJITA Tomonori <fujita.tomonori@lab.ntt.co.jp>
----------------------------
+What: namespace cgroup (ns_cgroup)
+When: 2.6.38
+Why: The ns_cgroup leads to some problems:
+ * cgroup creation is out-of-control
+ * cgroup name can conflict when pids are looping
+ * it is not possible to have a single process handling
+ a lot of namespaces without falling in a exponential creation time
+ * we may want to create a namespace without creating a cgroup
+
+ The ns_cgroup is replaced by a compatibility flag 'clone_children',
+ where a newly created cgroup will copy the parent cgroup values.
+ The userspace has to manually create a cgroup and add a task to
+ the 'tasks' file.
+Who: Daniel Lezcano <daniel.lezcano@free.fr>
+
+----------------------------
+
What: iwlwifi disable_hw_scan module parameters
When: 2.6.40
Why: Hareware scan is the prefer method for iwlwifi devices for
@@ -545,3 +544,13 @@ Why: Hareware scan is the prefer method for iwlwifi devices for
Who: Wey-Yi Guy <wey-yi.w.guy@intel.com>
----------------------------
+
+What: access to nfsd auth cache through sys_nfsservctl or '.' files
+ in the 'nfsd' filesystem.
+When: 2.6.40
+Why: This is a legacy interface which have been replaced by a more
+ dynamic cache. Continuing to maintain this interface is an
+ unnecessary burden.
+Who: NeilBrown <neilb@suse.de>
+
+----------------------------
diff --git a/Documentation/filesystems/00-INDEX b/Documentation/filesystems/00-INDEX
index 4303614b5ad..8c624a18f67 100644
--- a/Documentation/filesystems/00-INDEX
+++ b/Documentation/filesystems/00-INDEX
@@ -96,8 +96,6 @@ seq_file.txt
- how to use the seq_file API
sharedsubtree.txt
- a description of shared subtrees for namespaces.
-smbfs.txt
- - info on using filesystems with the SMB protocol (Win 3.11 and NT).
spufs.txt
- info and mount options for the SPU filesystem used on Cell.
sysfs-pci.txt
diff --git a/Documentation/filesystems/9p.txt b/Documentation/filesystems/9p.txt
index f9765e8cf08..b22abba78fe 100644
--- a/Documentation/filesystems/9p.txt
+++ b/Documentation/filesystems/9p.txt
@@ -111,7 +111,7 @@ OPTIONS
This can be used to share devices/named pipes/sockets between
hosts. This functionality will be expanded in later versions.
- access there are three access modes.
+ access there are four access modes.
user = if a user tries to access a file on v9fs
filesystem for the first time, v9fs sends an
attach command (Tattach) for that user.
@@ -120,6 +120,8 @@ OPTIONS
the files on the mounted filesystem
any = v9fs does single attach and performs all
operations as one user
+ client = ACL based access check on the 9p client
+ side for access validation
cachetag cache tag to use the specified persistent cache.
cache tags for existing cache sessions can be listed at
diff --git a/Documentation/filesystems/Locking b/Documentation/filesystems/Locking
index 2db4283efa8..a91f3089001 100644
--- a/Documentation/filesystems/Locking
+++ b/Documentation/filesystems/Locking
@@ -322,7 +322,6 @@ fl_release_private: yes yes
prototypes:
int (*fl_compare_owner)(struct file_lock *, struct file_lock *);
void (*fl_notify)(struct file_lock *); /* unblock callback */
- void (*fl_copy_lock)(struct file_lock *, struct file_lock *);
void (*fl_release_private)(struct file_lock *);
void (*fl_break)(struct file_lock *); /* break_lease callback */
@@ -330,7 +329,6 @@ locking rules:
BKL may block
fl_compare_owner: yes no
fl_notify: yes no
-fl_copy_lock: yes no
fl_release_private: yes yes
fl_break: yes no
@@ -349,21 +347,36 @@ call this method upon the IO completion.
--------------------------- block_device_operations -----------------------
prototypes:
- int (*open) (struct inode *, struct file *);
- int (*release) (struct inode *, struct file *);
- int (*ioctl) (struct inode *, struct file *, unsigned, unsigned long);
+ int (*open) (struct block_device *, fmode_t);
+ int (*release) (struct gendisk *, fmode_t);
+ int (*ioctl) (struct block_device *, fmode_t, unsigned, unsigned long);
+ int (*compat_ioctl) (struct block_device *, fmode_t, unsigned, unsigned long);
+ int (*direct_access) (struct block_device *, sector_t, void **, unsigned long *);
int (*media_changed) (struct gendisk *);
+ void (*unlock_native_capacity) (struct gendisk *);
int (*revalidate_disk) (struct gendisk *);
+ int (*getgeo)(struct block_device *, struct hd_geometry *);
+ void (*swap_slot_free_notify) (struct block_device *, unsigned long);
locking rules:
- BKL bd_sem
-open: yes yes
-release: yes yes
-ioctl: yes no
+ BKL bd_mutex
+open: no yes
+release: no yes
+ioctl: no no
+compat_ioctl: no no
+direct_access: no no
media_changed: no no
+unlock_native_capacity: no no
revalidate_disk: no no
+getgeo: no no
+swap_slot_free_notify: no no (see below)
+
+media_changed, unlock_native_capacity and revalidate_disk are called only from
+check_disk_change().
+
+swap_slot_free_notify is called with swap_lock and sometimes the page lock
+held.
-The last two are called only from check_disk_change().
--------------------------- file_operations -------------------------------
prototypes:
diff --git a/Documentation/filesystems/ext4.txt b/Documentation/filesystems/ext4.txt
index e1def1786e5..6ab9442d7ee 100644
--- a/Documentation/filesystems/ext4.txt
+++ b/Documentation/filesystems/ext4.txt
@@ -353,6 +353,20 @@ noauto_da_alloc replacing existing files via patterns such as
system crashes before the delayed allocation
blocks are forced to disk.
+noinit_itable Do not initialize any uninitialized inode table
+ blocks in the background. This feature may be
+ used by installation CD's so that the install
+ process can complete as quickly as possible; the
+ inode table initialization process would then be
+ deferred until the next time the file system
+ is unmounted.
+
+init_itable=n The lazy itable init code will wait n times the
+ number of milliseconds it took to zero out the
+ previous block group's inode table. This
+ minimizes the impact on the systme performance
+ while file system's inode table is being initialized.
+
discard Controls whether ext4 should issue discard/TRIM
nodiscard(*) commands to the underlying block device when
blocks are freed. This is useful for SSD devices
diff --git a/Documentation/filesystems/nfs/00-INDEX b/Documentation/filesystems/nfs/00-INDEX
index 2f68cd68876..a57e12411d2 100644
--- a/Documentation/filesystems/nfs/00-INDEX
+++ b/Documentation/filesystems/nfs/00-INDEX
@@ -12,5 +12,9 @@ nfs-rdma.txt
- how to install and setup the Linux NFS/RDMA client and server software
nfsroot.txt
- short guide on setting up a diskless box with NFS root filesystem.
+pnfs.txt
+ - short explanation of some of the internals of the pnfs client code
rpc-cache.txt
- introduction to the caching mechanisms in the sunrpc layer.
+idmapper.txt
+ - information for configuring request-keys to be used by idmapper
diff --git a/Documentation/filesystems/nfs/idmapper.txt b/Documentation/filesystems/nfs/idmapper.txt
new file mode 100644
index 00000000000..b9b4192ea8b
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/filesystems/nfs/idmapper.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,67 @@
+
+=========
+ID Mapper
+=========
+Id mapper is used by NFS to translate user and group ids into names, and to
+translate user and group names into ids. Part of this translation involves
+performing an upcall to userspace to request the information. Id mapper will
+user request-key to perform this upcall and cache the result. The program
+/usr/sbin/nfs.idmap should be called by request-key, and will perform the
+translation and initialize a key with the resulting information.
+
+ NFS_USE_NEW_IDMAPPER must be selected when configuring the kernel to use this
+ feature.
+
+===========
+Configuring
+===========
+The file /etc/request-key.conf will need to be modified so /sbin/request-key can
+direct the upcall. The following line should be added:
+
+#OP TYPE DESCRIPTION CALLOUT INFO PROGRAM ARG1 ARG2 ARG3 ...
+#====== ======= =============== =============== ===============================
+create id_resolver * * /usr/sbin/nfs.idmap %k %d 600
+
+This will direct all id_resolver requests to the program /usr/sbin/nfs.idmap.
+The last parameter, 600, defines how many seconds into the future the key will
+expire. This parameter is optional for /usr/sbin/nfs.idmap. When the timeout
+is not specified, nfs.idmap will default to 600 seconds.
+
+id mapper uses for key descriptions:
+ uid: Find the UID for the given user
+ gid: Find the GID for the given group
+ user: Find the user name for the given UID
+ group: Find the group name for the given GID
+
+You can handle any of these individually, rather than using the generic upcall
+program. If you would like to use your own program for a uid lookup then you
+would edit your request-key.conf so it look similar to this:
+
+#OP TYPE DESCRIPTION CALLOUT INFO PROGRAM ARG1 ARG2 ARG3 ...
+#====== ======= =============== =============== ===============================
+create id_resolver uid:* * /some/other/program %k %d 600
+create id_resolver * * /usr/sbin/nfs.idmap %k %d 600
+
+Notice that the new line was added above the line for the generic program.
+request-key will find the first matching line and corresponding program. In
+this case, /some/other/program will handle all uid lookups and
+/usr/sbin/nfs.idmap will handle gid, user, and group lookups.
+
+See <file:Documentation/keys-request-keys.txt> for more information about the
+request-key function.
+
+
+=========
+nfs.idmap
+=========
+nfs.idmap is designed to be called by request-key, and should not be run "by
+hand". This program takes two arguments, a serialized key and a key
+description. The serialized key is first converted into a key_serial_t, and
+then passed as an argument to keyctl_instantiate (both are part of keyutils.h).
+
+The actual lookups are performed by functions found in nfsidmap.h. nfs.idmap
+determines the correct function to call by looking at the first part of the
+description string. For example, a uid lookup description will appear as
+"uid:user@domain".
+
+nfs.idmap will return 0 if the key was instantiated, and non-zero otherwise.
diff --git a/Documentation/filesystems/nfs/nfsroot.txt b/Documentation/filesystems/nfs/nfsroot.txt
index f2430a7974e..90c71c6f0d0 100644
--- a/Documentation/filesystems/nfs/nfsroot.txt
+++ b/Documentation/filesystems/nfs/nfsroot.txt
@@ -159,6 +159,28 @@ ip=<client-ip>:<server-ip>:<gw-ip>:<netmask>:<hostname>:<device>:<autoconf>
Default: any
+nfsrootdebug
+
+ This parameter enables debugging messages to appear in the kernel
+ log at boot time so that administrators can verify that the correct
+ NFS mount options, server address, and root path are passed to the
+ NFS client.
+
+
+rdinit=<executable file>
+
+ To specify which file contains the program that starts system
+ initialization, administrators can use this command line parameter.
+ The default value of this parameter is "/init". If the specified
+ file exists and the kernel can execute it, root filesystem related
+ kernel command line parameters, including `nfsroot=', are ignored.
+
+ A description of the process of mounting the root file system can be
+ found in:
+
+ Documentation/early-userspace/README
+
+
3.) Boot Loader
diff --git a/Documentation/filesystems/nfs/pnfs.txt b/Documentation/filesystems/nfs/pnfs.txt
new file mode 100644
index 00000000000..bc0b9cfe095
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/filesystems/nfs/pnfs.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,48 @@
+Reference counting in pnfs:
+==========================
+
+The are several inter-related caches. We have layouts which can
+reference multiple devices, each of which can reference multiple data servers.
+Each data server can be referenced by multiple devices. Each device
+can be referenced by multiple layouts. To keep all of this straight,
+we need to reference count.
+
+
+struct pnfs_layout_hdr
+----------------------
+The on-the-wire command LAYOUTGET corresponds to struct
+pnfs_layout_segment, usually referred to by the variable name lseg.
+Each nfs_inode may hold a pointer to a cache of of these layout
+segments in nfsi->layout, of type struct pnfs_layout_hdr.
+
+We reference the header for the inode pointing to it, across each
+outstanding RPC call that references it (LAYOUTGET, LAYOUTRETURN,
+LAYOUTCOMMIT), and for each lseg held within.
+
+Each header is also (when non-empty) put on a list associated with
+struct nfs_client (cl_layouts). Being put on this list does not bump
+the reference count, as the layout is kept around by the lseg that
+keeps it in the list.
+
+deviceid_cache
+--------------
+lsegs reference device ids, which are resolved per nfs_client and
+layout driver type. The device ids are held in a RCU cache (struct
+nfs4_deviceid_cache). The cache itself is referenced across each
+mount. The entries (struct nfs4_deviceid) themselves are held across
+the lifetime of each lseg referencing them.
+
+RCU is used because the deviceid is basically a write once, read many
+data structure. The hlist size of 32 buckets needs better
+justification, but seems reasonable given that we can have multiple
+deviceid's per filesystem, and multiple filesystems per nfs_client.
+
+The hash code is copied from the nfsd code base. A discussion of
+hashing and variations of this algorithm can be found at:
+http://groups.google.com/group/comp.lang.c/browse_thread/thread/9522965e2b8d3809
+
+data server cache
+-----------------
+file driver devices refer to data servers, which are kept in a module
+level cache. Its reference is held over the lifetime of the deviceid
+pointing to it.
diff --git a/Documentation/filesystems/proc.txt b/Documentation/filesystems/proc.txt
index a6aca874088..e73df2722ff 100644
--- a/Documentation/filesystems/proc.txt
+++ b/Documentation/filesystems/proc.txt
@@ -136,6 +136,7 @@ Table 1-1: Process specific entries in /proc
statm Process memory status information
status Process status in human readable form
wchan If CONFIG_KALLSYMS is set, a pre-decoded wchan
+ pagemap Page table
stack Report full stack trace, enable via CONFIG_STACKTRACE
smaps a extension based on maps, showing the memory consumption of
each mapping
@@ -370,17 +371,24 @@ Shared_Dirty: 0 kB
Private_Clean: 0 kB
Private_Dirty: 0 kB
Referenced: 892 kB
+Anonymous: 0 kB
Swap: 0 kB
KernelPageSize: 4 kB
MMUPageSize: 4 kB
-The first of these lines shows the same information as is displayed for the
-mapping in /proc/PID/maps. The remaining lines show the size of the mapping,
-the amount of the mapping that is currently resident in RAM, the "proportional
-set size” (divide each shared page by the number of processes sharing it), the
-number of clean and dirty shared pages in the mapping, and the number of clean
-and dirty private pages in the mapping. The "Referenced" indicates the amount
-of memory currently marked as referenced or accessed.
+The first of these lines shows the same information as is displayed for the
+mapping in /proc/PID/maps. The remaining lines show the size of the mapping
+(size), the amount of the mapping that is currently resident in RAM (RSS), the
+process' proportional share of this mapping (PSS), the number of clean and
+dirty private pages in the mapping. Note that even a page which is part of a
+MAP_SHARED mapping, but has only a single pte mapped, i.e. is currently used
+by only one process, is accounted as private and not as shared. "Referenced"
+indicates the amount of memory currently marked as referenced or accessed.
+"Anonymous" shows the amount of memory that does not belong to any file. Even
+a mapping associated with a file may contain anonymous pages: when MAP_PRIVATE
+and a page is modified, the file page is replaced by a private anonymous copy.
+"Swap" shows how much would-be-anonymous memory is also used, but out on
+swap.
This file is only present if the CONFIG_MMU kernel configuration option is
enabled.
@@ -397,6 +405,9 @@ To clear the bits for the file mapped pages associated with the process
> echo 3 > /proc/PID/clear_refs
Any other value written to /proc/PID/clear_refs will have no effect.
+The /proc/pid/pagemap gives the PFN, which can be used to find the pageflags
+using /proc/kpageflags and number of times a page is mapped using
+/proc/kpagecount. For detailed explanation, see Documentation/vm/pagemap.txt.
1.2 Kernel data
---------------
diff --git a/Documentation/filesystems/sharedsubtree.txt b/Documentation/filesystems/sharedsubtree.txt
index fc0e39af43c..4ede421c968 100644
--- a/Documentation/filesystems/sharedsubtree.txt
+++ b/Documentation/filesystems/sharedsubtree.txt
@@ -62,10 +62,10 @@ replicas continue to be exactly same.
# mount /dev/sd0 /tmp/a
#ls /tmp/a
- t1 t2 t2
+ t1 t2 t3
#ls /mnt/a
- t1 t2 t2
+ t1 t2 t3
Note that the mount has propagated to the mount at /mnt as well.
diff --git a/Documentation/filesystems/smbfs.txt b/Documentation/filesystems/smbfs.txt
deleted file mode 100644
index 194fb0decd2..00000000000
--- a/Documentation/filesystems/smbfs.txt
+++ /dev/null
@@ -1,8 +0,0 @@
-Smbfs is a filesystem that implements the SMB protocol, which is the
-protocol used by Windows for Workgroups, Windows 95 and Windows NT.
-Smbfs was inspired by Samba, the program written by Andrew Tridgell
-that turns any Unix host into a file server for DOS or Windows clients.
-
-Smbfs is a SMB client, but uses parts of samba for its operation. For
-more info on samba, including documentation, please go to
-http://www.samba.org/ and then on to your nearest mirror.
diff --git a/Documentation/filesystems/xfs-delayed-logging-design.txt b/Documentation/filesystems/xfs-delayed-logging-design.txt
index 96d0df28bed..7445bf335da 100644
--- a/Documentation/filesystems/xfs-delayed-logging-design.txt
+++ b/Documentation/filesystems/xfs-delayed-logging-design.txt
@@ -794,17 +794,6 @@ designed.
Roadmap:
-2.6.37 Remove experimental tag from mount option
- => should be roughly 6 months after initial merge
- => enough time to:
- => gain confidence and fix problems reported by early
- adopters (a.k.a. guinea pigs)
- => address worst performance regressions and undesired
- behaviours
- => start tuning/optimising code for parallelism
- => start tuning/optimising algorithms consuming
- excessive CPU time
-
2.6.39 Switch default mount option to use delayed logging
=> should be roughly 12 months after initial merge
=> enough time to shake out remaining problems before next round of
diff --git a/Documentation/hwmon/it87 b/Documentation/hwmon/it87
index 8d08bf0d38e..38425f0f264 100644
--- a/Documentation/hwmon/it87
+++ b/Documentation/hwmon/it87
@@ -22,6 +22,10 @@ Supported chips:
Prefix: 'it8720'
Addresses scanned: from Super I/O config space (8 I/O ports)
Datasheet: Not publicly available
+ * IT8721F/IT8758E
+ Prefix: 'it8721'
+ Addresses scanned: from Super I/O config space (8 I/O ports)
+ Datasheet: Not publicly available
* SiS950 [clone of IT8705F]
Prefix: 'it87'
Addresses scanned: from Super I/O config space (8 I/O ports)
@@ -67,7 +71,7 @@ Description
-----------
This driver implements support for the IT8705F, IT8712F, IT8716F,
-IT8718F, IT8720F, IT8726F and SiS950 chips.
+IT8718F, IT8720F, IT8721F, IT8726F, IT8758E and SiS950 chips.
These chips are 'Super I/O chips', supporting floppy disks, infrared ports,
joysticks and other miscellaneous stuff. For hardware monitoring, they
@@ -86,14 +90,15 @@ the driver won't notice and report changes in the VID value. The two
upper VID bits share their pins with voltage inputs (in5 and in6) so you
can't have both on a given board.
-The IT8716F, IT8718F, IT8720F and later IT8712F revisions have support for
-2 additional fans. The additional fans are supported by the driver.
+The IT8716F, IT8718F, IT8720F, IT8721F/IT8758E and later IT8712F revisions
+have support for 2 additional fans. The additional fans are supported by the
+driver.
-The IT8716F, IT8718F and IT8720F, and late IT8712F and IT8705F also have
-optional 16-bit tachometer counters for fans 1 to 3. This is better (no more
-fan clock divider mess) but not compatible with the older chips and
-revisions. The 16-bit tachometer mode is enabled by the driver when one
-of the above chips is detected.
+The IT8716F, IT8718F, IT8720F and IT8721F/IT8758E, and late IT8712F and
+IT8705F also have optional 16-bit tachometer counters for fans 1 to 3. This
+is better (no more fan clock divider mess) but not compatible with the older
+chips and revisions. The 16-bit tachometer mode is enabled by the driver when
+one of the above chips is detected.
The IT8726F is just bit enhanced IT8716F with additional hardware
for AMD power sequencing. Therefore the chip will appear as IT8716F
@@ -115,7 +120,12 @@ alarm is triggered if the voltage has crossed a programmable minimum or
maximum limit. Note that minimum in this case always means 'closest to
zero'; this is important for negative voltage measurements. All voltage
inputs can measure voltages between 0 and 4.08 volts, with a resolution of
-0.016 volt. The battery voltage in8 does not have limit registers.
+0.016 volt (except IT8721F/IT8758E: 0.012 volt.) The battery voltage in8 does
+not have limit registers.
+
+On the IT8721F/IT8758E, some voltage inputs are internal and scaled inside
+the chip (in7, in8 and optionally in3). The driver handles this transparently
+so user-space doesn't have to care.
The VID lines (IT8712F/IT8716F/IT8718F/IT8720F) encode the core voltage value:
the voltage level your processor should work with. This is hardcoded by
diff --git a/Documentation/hwmon/lm85 b/Documentation/hwmon/lm85
index b98e0e0d191..239258a63c8 100644
--- a/Documentation/hwmon/lm85
+++ b/Documentation/hwmon/lm85
@@ -14,6 +14,10 @@ Supported chips:
Prefix: 'adt7463'
Addresses scanned: I2C 0x2c, 0x2d, 0x2e
Datasheet: http://www.onsemi.com/PowerSolutions/product.do?id=ADT7463
+ * Analog Devices ADT7468
+ Prefix: 'adt7468'
+ Addresses scanned: I2C 0x2c, 0x2d, 0x2e
+ Datasheet: http://www.onsemi.com/PowerSolutions/product.do?id=ADT7468
* SMSC EMC6D100, SMSC EMC6D101
Prefix: 'emc6d100'
Addresses scanned: I2C 0x2c, 0x2d, 0x2e
@@ -34,7 +38,7 @@ Description
-----------
This driver implements support for the National Semiconductor LM85 and
-compatible chips including the Analog Devices ADM1027, ADT7463 and
+compatible chips including the Analog Devices ADM1027, ADT7463, ADT7468 and
SMSC EMC6D10x chips family.
The LM85 uses the 2-wire interface compatible with the SMBUS 2.0
@@ -87,14 +91,22 @@ To smooth the response of fans to changes in temperature, the LM85 has an
optional filter for smoothing temperatures. The ADM1027 has the same
config option but uses it to rate limit the changes to fan speed instead.
-The ADM1027 and ADT7463 have a 10-bit ADC and can therefore measure
-temperatures with 0.25 degC resolution. They also provide an offset to the
-temperature readings that is automatically applied during measurement.
-This offset can be used to zero out any errors due to traces and placement.
-The documentation says that the offset is in 0.25 degC steps, but in
-initial testing of the ADM1027 it was 1.00 degC steps. Analog Devices has
-confirmed this "bug". The ADT7463 is reported to work as described in the
-documentation. The current lm85 driver does not show the offset register.
+The ADM1027, ADT7463 and ADT7468 have a 10-bit ADC and can therefore
+measure temperatures with 0.25 degC resolution. They also provide an offset
+to the temperature readings that is automatically applied during
+measurement. This offset can be used to zero out any errors due to traces
+and placement. The documentation says that the offset is in 0.25 degC
+steps, but in initial testing of the ADM1027 it was 1.00 degC steps. Analog
+Devices has confirmed this "bug". The ADT7463 is reported to work as
+described in the documentation. The current lm85 driver does not show the
+offset register.
+
+The ADT7468 has a high-frequency PWM mode, where all PWM outputs are
+driven by a 22.5 kHz clock. This is a global mode, not per-PWM output,
+which means that setting any PWM frequency above 11.3 kHz will switch
+all 3 PWM outputs to a 22.5 kHz frequency. Conversely, setting any PWM
+frequency below 11.3 kHz will switch all 3 PWM outputs to a frequency
+between 10 and 100 Hz, which can then be tuned separately.
See the vendor datasheets for more information. There is application note
from National (AN-1260) with some additional information about the LM85.
@@ -125,17 +137,17 @@ datasheet for a complete description of the differences. Other than
identifying the chip, the driver behaves no differently with regard to
these two chips. The LM85B is recommended for new designs.
-The ADM1027 and ADT7463 chips have an optional SMBALERT output that can be
-used to signal the chipset in case a limit is exceeded or the temperature
-sensors fail. Individual sensor interrupts can be masked so they won't
-trigger SMBALERT. The SMBALERT output if configured replaces one of the other
-functions (PWM2 or IN0). This functionality is not implemented in current
-driver.
+The ADM1027, ADT7463 and ADT7468 chips have an optional SMBALERT output
+that can be used to signal the chipset in case a limit is exceeded or the
+temperature sensors fail. Individual sensor interrupts can be masked so
+they won't trigger SMBALERT. The SMBALERT output if configured replaces one
+of the other functions (PWM2 or IN0). This functionality is not implemented
+in current driver.
-The ADT7463 also has an optional THERM output/input which can be connected
-to the processor PROC_HOT output. If available, the autofan control
-dynamic Tmin feature can be enabled to keep the system temperature within
-spec (just?!) with the least possible fan noise.
+The ADT7463 and ADT7468 also have an optional THERM output/input which can
+be connected to the processor PROC_HOT output. If available, the autofan
+control dynamic Tmin feature can be enabled to keep the system temperature
+within spec (just?!) with the least possible fan noise.
Configuration Notes
-------------------
@@ -201,8 +213,8 @@ the temperatures to compensate for systemic errors in the
measurements. These features are not currently supported by the lm85
driver.
-In addition to the ADM1027 features, the ADT7463 also has Tmin control
-and THERM asserted counts. Automatic Tmin control acts to adjust the
-Tmin value to maintain the measured temperature sensor at a specified
-temperature. There isn't much documentation on this feature in the
-ADT7463 data sheet. This is not supported by current driver.
+In addition to the ADM1027 features, the ADT7463 and ADT7468 also have
+Tmin control and THERM asserted counts. Automatic Tmin control acts to
+adjust the Tmin value to maintain the measured temperature sensor at a
+specified temperature. There isn't much documentation on this feature in
+the ADT7463 data sheet. This is not supported by current driver.
diff --git a/Documentation/hwmon/lm90 b/Documentation/hwmon/lm90
index 6a03dd4bcc9..fa475c0a48a 100644
--- a/Documentation/hwmon/lm90
+++ b/Documentation/hwmon/lm90
@@ -63,8 +63,8 @@ Supported chips:
Datasheet: Publicly available at the Maxim website
http://www.maxim-ic.com/quick_view2.cfm/qv_pk/2578
* Maxim MAX6659
- Prefix: 'max6657'
- Addresses scanned: I2C 0x4c, 0x4d (unsupported 0x4e)
+ Prefix: 'max6659'
+ Addresses scanned: I2C 0x4c, 0x4d, 0x4e
Datasheet: Publicly available at the Maxim website
http://www.maxim-ic.com/quick_view2.cfm/qv_pk/2578
* Maxim MAX6680
@@ -84,6 +84,21 @@ Supported chips:
Addresses scanned: I2C 0x4c
Datasheet: Publicly available at the Maxim website
http://www.maxim-ic.com/quick_view2.cfm/qv_pk/3500
+ * Maxim MAX6695
+ Prefix: 'max6695'
+ Addresses scanned: I2C 0x18
+ Datasheet: Publicly available at the Maxim website
+ http://www.maxim-ic.com/datasheet/index.mvp/id/4199
+ * Maxim MAX6696
+ Prefix: 'max6695'
+ Addresses scanned: I2C 0x18, 0x19, 0x1a, 0x29, 0x2a, 0x2b,
+ 0x4c, 0x4d and 0x4e
+ Datasheet: Publicly available at the Maxim website
+ http://www.maxim-ic.com/datasheet/index.mvp/id/4199
+ * Winbond/Nuvoton W83L771W/G
+ Prefix: 'w83l771'
+ Addresses scanned: I2C 0x4c
+ Datasheet: No longer available
* Winbond/Nuvoton W83L771AWG/ASG
Prefix: 'w83l771'
Addresses scanned: I2C 0x4c
@@ -101,10 +116,11 @@ well as the temperature of up to one external diode. It is compatible
with many other devices, many of which are supported by this driver.
Note that there is no easy way to differentiate between the MAX6657,
-MAX6658 and MAX6659 variants. The extra address and features of the
-MAX6659 are not supported by this driver. The MAX6680 and MAX6681 only
-differ in their pinout, therefore they obviously can't (and don't need to)
-be distinguished.
+MAX6658 and MAX6659 variants. The extra features of the MAX6659 are only
+supported by this driver if the chip is located at address 0x4d or 0x4e,
+or if the chip type is explicitly selected as max6659.
+The MAX6680 and MAX6681 only differ in their pinout, therefore they obviously
+can't (and don't need to) be distinguished.
The specificity of this family of chipsets over the ADM1021/LM84
family is that it features critical limits with hysteresis, and an
@@ -151,11 +167,21 @@ MAX6680 and MAX6681:
* Selectable address
* Remote sensor type selection
+MAX6695 and MAX6696:
+ * Better local resolution
+ * Selectable address (max6696)
+ * Second critical temperature limit
+ * Two remote sensors
+
+W83L771W/G
+ * The G variant is lead-free, otherwise similar to the W.
+ * Filter and alert configuration register at 0xBF
+ * Moving average (depending on conversion rate)
+
W83L771AWG/ASG
+ * Successor of the W83L771W/G, same features.
* The AWG and ASG variants only differ in package format.
- * Filter and alert configuration register at 0xBF
* Diode ideality factor configuration (remote sensor) at 0xE3
- * Moving average (depending on conversion rate)
All temperature values are given in degrees Celsius. Resolution
is 1.0 degree for the local temperature, 0.125 degree for the remote
diff --git a/Documentation/hwmon/ltc4261 b/Documentation/hwmon/ltc4261
new file mode 100644
index 00000000000..eba2e2c4b94
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/hwmon/ltc4261
@@ -0,0 +1,63 @@
+Kernel driver ltc4261
+=====================
+
+Supported chips:
+ * Linear Technology LTC4261
+ Prefix: 'ltc4261'
+ Addresses scanned: -
+ Datasheet:
+ http://cds.linear.com/docs/Datasheet/42612fb.pdf
+
+Author: Guenter Roeck <guenter.roeck@ericsson.com>
+
+
+Description
+-----------
+
+The LTC4261/LTC4261-2 negative voltage Hot Swap controllers allow a board
+to be safely inserted and removed from a live backplane.
+
+
+Usage Notes
+-----------
+
+This driver does not probe for LTC4261 devices, since there is no register
+which can be safely used to identify the chip. You will have to instantiate
+the devices explicitly.
+
+Example: the following will load the driver for an LTC4261 at address 0x10
+on I2C bus #1:
+$ modprobe ltc4261
+$ echo ltc4261 0x10 > /sys/bus/i2c/devices/i2c-1/new_device
+
+
+Sysfs entries
+-------------
+
+Voltage readings provided by this driver are reported as obtained from the ADC
+registers. If a set of voltage divider resistors is installed, calculate the
+real voltage by multiplying the reported value with (R1+R2)/R2, where R1 is the
+value of the divider resistor against the measured voltage and R2 is the value
+of the divider resistor against Ground.
+
+Current reading provided by this driver is reported as obtained from the ADC
+Current Sense register. The reported value assumes that a 1 mOhm sense resistor
+is installed. If a different sense resistor is installed, calculate the real
+current by dividing the reported value by the sense resistor value in mOhm.
+
+The chip has two voltage sensors, but only one set of voltage alarm status bits.
+In many many designs, those alarms are associated with the ADIN2 sensor, due to
+the proximity of the ADIN2 pin to the OV pin. ADIN2 is, however, not available
+on all chip variants. To ensure that the alarm condition is reported to the user,
+report it with both voltage sensors.
+
+in1_input ADIN2 voltage (mV)
+in1_min_alarm ADIN/ADIN2 Undervoltage alarm
+in1_max_alarm ADIN/ADIN2 Overvoltage alarm
+
+in2_input ADIN voltage (mV)
+in2_min_alarm ADIN/ADIN2 Undervoltage alarm
+in2_max_alarm ADIN/ADIN2 Overvoltage alarm
+
+curr1_input SENSE current (mA)
+curr1_alarm SENSE overcurrent alarm
diff --git a/Documentation/hwmon/pcf8591 b/Documentation/hwmon/pcf8591
index e76a7892f68..ac020b3bb7b 100644
--- a/Documentation/hwmon/pcf8591
+++ b/Documentation/hwmon/pcf8591
@@ -4,7 +4,7 @@ Kernel driver pcf8591
Supported chips:
* Philips/NXP PCF8591
Prefix: 'pcf8591'
- Addresses scanned: I2C 0x48 - 0x4f
+ Addresses scanned: none
Datasheet: Publicly available at the NXP website
http://www.nxp.com/pip/PCF8591_6.html
@@ -58,18 +58,16 @@ Module parameters
Accessing PCF8591 via /sys interface
-------------------------------------
-! Be careful !
-The PCF8591 is plainly impossible to detect! Stupid chip.
-So every chip with address in the interval [0x48..0x4f] is
-detected as PCF8591. If you have other chips in this address
-range, the workaround is to load this module after the one
-for your others chips.
+The PCF8591 is plainly impossible to detect! Thus the driver won't even
+try. You have to explicitly instantiate the device at the relevant
+address (in the interval [0x48..0x4f]) either through platform data, or
+using the sysfs interface. See Documentation/i2c/instantiating-devices
+for details.
-On detection (i.e. insmod, modprobe et al.), directories are being
-created for each detected PCF8591:
+Directories are being created for each instantiated PCF8591:
/sys/bus/i2c/devices/<0>-<1>/
-where <0> is the bus the chip was detected on (e. g. i2c-0)
+where <0> is the bus the chip is connected to (e. g. i2c-0)
and <1> the chip address ([48..4f])
Inside these directories, there are such files:
diff --git a/Documentation/hwmon/sysfs-interface b/Documentation/hwmon/sysfs-interface
index 48ceabedf55..64569901055 100644
--- a/Documentation/hwmon/sysfs-interface
+++ b/Documentation/hwmon/sysfs-interface
@@ -309,6 +309,20 @@ temp[1-*]_crit_hyst
from the critical value.
RW
+temp[1-*]_emergency
+ Temperature emergency max value, for chips supporting more than
+ two upper temperature limits. Must be equal or greater than
+ corresponding temp_crit values.
+ Unit: millidegree Celsius
+ RW
+
+temp[1-*]_emergency_hyst
+ Temperature hysteresis value for emergency limit.
+ Unit: millidegree Celsius
+ Must be reported as an absolute temperature, NOT a delta
+ from the emergency value.
+ RW
+
temp[1-*]_lcrit Temperature critical min value, typically lower than
corresponding temp_min values.
Unit: millidegree Celsius
@@ -505,6 +519,7 @@ fan[1-*]_max_alarm
temp[1-*]_min_alarm
temp[1-*]_max_alarm
temp[1-*]_crit_alarm
+temp[1-*]_emergency_alarm
Limit alarm
0: no alarm
1: alarm
diff --git a/Documentation/i2c/busses/i2c-i801 b/Documentation/i2c/busses/i2c-i801
index e307914a3ed..93fe76e5652 100644
--- a/Documentation/i2c/busses/i2c-i801
+++ b/Documentation/i2c/busses/i2c-i801
@@ -15,10 +15,14 @@ Supported adapters:
* Intel 82801I (ICH9)
* Intel EP80579 (Tolapai)
* Intel 82801JI (ICH10)
- * Intel 3400/5 Series (PCH)
+ * Intel 5/3400 Series (PCH)
* Intel Cougar Point (PCH)
+ * Intel Patsburg (PCH)
Datasheets: Publicly available at the Intel website
+On Intel Patsburg and later chipsets, both the normal host SMBus controller
+and the additional 'Integrated Device Function' controllers are supported.
+
Authors:
Mark Studebaker <mdsxyz123@yahoo.com>
Jean Delvare <khali@linux-fr.org>
diff --git a/Documentation/ioctl/ioctl-number.txt b/Documentation/ioctl/ioctl-number.txt
index 33223ff121d..63ffd78824d 100644
--- a/Documentation/ioctl/ioctl-number.txt
+++ b/Documentation/ioctl/ioctl-number.txt
@@ -259,7 +259,7 @@ Code Seq#(hex) Include File Comments
't' 00-7F linux/if_ppp.h
't' 80-8F linux/isdn_ppp.h
't' 90 linux/toshiba.h
-'u' 00-1F linux/smb_fs.h
+'u' 00-1F linux/smb_fs.h gone
'v' all linux/videodev.h conflict!
'v' 00-1F linux/ext2_fs.h conflict!
'v' 00-1F linux/fs.h conflict!
@@ -278,7 +278,6 @@ Code Seq#(hex) Include File Comments
<mailto:oe@port.de>
'z' 10-4F drivers/s390/crypto/zcrypt_api.h conflict!
0x80 00-1F linux/fb.h
-0x81 00-1F linux/videotext.h
0x88 00-3F media/ovcamchip.h
0x89 00-06 arch/x86/include/asm/sockios.h
0x89 0B-DF linux/sockios.h
diff --git a/Documentation/kbuild/kconfig-language.txt b/Documentation/kbuild/kconfig-language.txt
index b472e4e0ba6..2fe93ca7c77 100644
--- a/Documentation/kbuild/kconfig-language.txt
+++ b/Documentation/kbuild/kconfig-language.txt
@@ -322,7 +322,8 @@ mainmenu:
"mainmenu" <prompt>
This sets the config program's title bar if the config program chooses
-to use it.
+to use it. It should be placed at the top of the configuration, before any
+other statement.
Kconfig hints
diff --git a/Documentation/kbuild/makefiles.txt b/Documentation/kbuild/makefiles.txt
index c787ae51212..0ef00bd6e54 100644
--- a/Documentation/kbuild/makefiles.txt
+++ b/Documentation/kbuild/makefiles.txt
@@ -776,6 +776,13 @@ This will delete the directory debian, including all subdirectories.
Kbuild will assume the directories to be in the same relative path as the
Makefile if no absolute path is specified (path does not start with '/').
+To exclude certain files from make clean, use the $(no-clean-files) variable.
+This is only a special case used in the top level Kbuild file:
+
+ Example:
+ #Kbuild
+ no-clean-files := $(bounds-file) $(offsets-file)
+
Usually kbuild descends down in subdirectories due to "obj-* := dir/",
but in the architecture makefiles where the kbuild infrastructure
is not sufficient this sometimes needs to be explicit.
diff --git a/Documentation/kbuild/modules.txt b/Documentation/kbuild/modules.txt
index 0767cf69c69..3fb39e0116b 100644
--- a/Documentation/kbuild/modules.txt
+++ b/Documentation/kbuild/modules.txt
@@ -1,215 +1,185 @@
+Building External Modules
-In this document you will find information about:
-- how to build external modules
-- how to make your module use the kbuild infrastructure
-- how kbuild will install a kernel
-- how to install modules in a non-standard location
+This document describes how to build an out-of-tree kernel module.
=== Table of Contents
=== 1 Introduction
- === 2 How to build external modules
- --- 2.1 Building external modules
- --- 2.2 Available targets
- --- 2.3 Available options
- --- 2.4 Preparing the kernel tree for module build
- --- 2.5 Building separate files for a module
- === 3. Example commands
- === 4. Creating a kbuild file for an external module
- === 5. Include files
- --- 5.1 How to include files from the kernel include dir
- --- 5.2 External modules using an include/ dir
- --- 5.3 External modules using several directories
- === 6. Module installation
- --- 6.1 INSTALL_MOD_PATH
- --- 6.2 INSTALL_MOD_DIR
- === 7. Module versioning & Module.symvers
- --- 7.1 Symbols from the kernel (vmlinux + modules)
- --- 7.2 Symbols and external modules
- --- 7.3 Symbols from another external module
- === 8. Tips & Tricks
- --- 8.1 Testing for CONFIG_FOO_BAR
+ === 2 How to Build External Modules
+ --- 2.1 Command Syntax
+ --- 2.2 Options
+ --- 2.3 Targets
+ --- 2.4 Building Separate Files
+ === 3. Creating a Kbuild File for an External Module
+ --- 3.1 Shared Makefile
+ --- 3.2 Separate Kbuild file and Makefile
+ --- 3.3 Binary Blobs
+ --- 3.4 Building Multiple Modules
+ === 4. Include Files
+ --- 4.1 Kernel Includes
+ --- 4.2 Single Subdirectory
+ --- 4.3 Several Subdirectories
+ === 5. Module Installation
+ --- 5.1 INSTALL_MOD_PATH
+ --- 5.2 INSTALL_MOD_DIR
+ === 6. Module Versioning
+ --- 6.1 Symbols From the Kernel (vmlinux + modules)
+ --- 6.2 Symbols and External Modules
+ --- 6.3 Symbols From Another External Module
+ === 7. Tips & Tricks
+ --- 7.1 Testing for CONFIG_FOO_BAR
=== 1. Introduction
-kbuild includes functionality for building modules both
-within the kernel source tree and outside the kernel source tree.
-The latter is usually referred to as external or "out-of-tree"
-modules and is used both during development and for modules that
-are not planned to be included in the kernel tree.
+"kbuild" is the build system used by the Linux kernel. Modules must use
+kbuild to stay compatible with changes in the build infrastructure and
+to pick up the right flags to "gcc." Functionality for building modules
+both in-tree and out-of-tree is provided. The method for building
+either is similar, and all modules are initially developed and built
+out-of-tree.
-What is covered within this file is mainly information to authors
-of modules. The author of an external module should supply
-a makefile that hides most of the complexity, so one only has to type
-'make' to build the module. A complete example will be presented in
-chapter 4, "Creating a kbuild file for an external module".
+Covered in this document is information aimed at developers interested
+in building out-of-tree (or "external") modules. The author of an
+external module should supply a makefile that hides most of the
+complexity, so one only has to type "make" to build the module. This is
+easily accomplished, and a complete example will be presented in
+section 3.
-=== 2. How to build external modules
+=== 2. How to Build External Modules
-kbuild offers functionality to build external modules, with the
-prerequisite that there is a pre-built kernel available with full source.
-A subset of the targets available when building the kernel is available
-when building an external module.
+To build external modules, you must have a prebuilt kernel available
+that contains the configuration and header files used in the build.
+Also, the kernel must have been built with modules enabled. If you are
+using a distribution kernel, there will be a package for the kernel you
+are running provided by your distribution.
---- 2.1 Building external modules
+An alternative is to use the "make" target "modules_prepare." This will
+make sure the kernel contains the information required. The target
+exists solely as a simple way to prepare a kernel source tree for
+building external modules.
- Use the following command to build an external module:
+NOTE: "modules_prepare" will not build Module.symvers even if
+CONFIG_MODVERSIONS is set; therefore, a full kernel build needs to be
+executed to make module versioning work.
- make -C <path-to-kernel> M=`pwd`
+--- 2.1 Command Syntax
- For the running kernel use:
+ The command to build an external module is:
- make -C /lib/modules/`uname -r`/build M=`pwd`
+ $ make -C <path_to_kernel_src> M=$PWD
- For the above command to succeed, the kernel must have been
- built with modules enabled.
+ The kbuild system knows that an external module is being built
+ due to the "M=<dir>" option given in the command.
- To install the modules that were just built:
+ To build against the running kernel use:
- make -C <path-to-kernel> M=`pwd` modules_install
+ $ make -C /lib/modules/`uname -r`/build M=$PWD
- More complex examples will be shown later, the above should
- be enough to get you started.
+ Then to install the module(s) just built, add the target
+ "modules_install" to the command:
---- 2.2 Available targets
+ $ make -C /lib/modules/`uname -r`/build M=$PWD modules_install
- $KDIR refers to the path to the kernel source top-level directory
+--- 2.2 Options
- make -C $KDIR M=`pwd`
- Will build the module(s) located in current directory.
- All output files will be located in the same directory
- as the module source.
- No attempts are made to update the kernel source, and it is
- a precondition that a successful make has been executed
- for the kernel.
+ ($KDIR refers to the path of the kernel source directory.)
- make -C $KDIR M=`pwd` modules
- The modules target is implied when no target is given.
- Same functionality as if no target was specified.
- See description above.
+ make -C $KDIR M=$PWD
- make -C $KDIR M=`pwd` modules_install
- Install the external module(s).
- Installation default is in /lib/modules/<kernel-version>/extra,
- but may be prefixed with INSTALL_MOD_PATH - see separate
- chapter.
+ -C $KDIR
+ The directory where the kernel source is located.
+ "make" will actually change to the specified directory
+ when executing and will change back when finished.
- make -C $KDIR M=`pwd` clean
- Remove all generated files for the module - the kernel
- source directory is not modified.
+ M=$PWD
+ Informs kbuild that an external module is being built.
+ The value given to "M" is the absolute path of the
+ directory where the external module (kbuild file) is
+ located.
- make -C $KDIR M=`pwd` help
- help will list the available target when building external
- modules.
+--- 2.3 Targets
---- 2.3 Available options:
+ When building an external module, only a subset of the "make"
+ targets are available.
- $KDIR refers to the path to the kernel source top-level directory
+ make -C $KDIR M=$PWD [target]
- make -C $KDIR
- Used to specify where to find the kernel source.
- '$KDIR' represent the directory where the kernel source is.
- Make will actually change directory to the specified directory
- when executed but change back when finished.
+ The default will build the module(s) located in the current
+ directory, so a target does not need to be specified. All
+ output files will also be generated in this directory. No
+ attempts are made to update the kernel source, and it is a
+ precondition that a successful "make" has been executed for the
+ kernel.
- make -C $KDIR M=`pwd`
- M= is used to tell kbuild that an external module is
- being built.
- The option given to M= is the directory where the external
- module (kbuild file) is located.
- When an external module is being built only a subset of the
- usual targets are available.
+ modules
+ The default target for external modules. It has the
+ same functionality as if no target was specified. See
+ description above.
- make -C $KDIR SUBDIRS=`pwd`
- Same as M=. The SUBDIRS= syntax is kept for backwards
- compatibility.
+ modules_install
+ Install the external module(s). The default location is
+ /lib/modules/<kernel_release>/extra/, but a prefix may
+ be added with INSTALL_MOD_PATH (discussed in section 5).
---- 2.4 Preparing the kernel tree for module build
+ clean
+ Remove all generated files in the module directory only.
- To make sure the kernel contains the information required to
- build external modules the target 'modules_prepare' must be used.
- 'modules_prepare' exists solely as a simple way to prepare
- a kernel source tree for building external modules.
- Note: modules_prepare will not build Module.symvers even if
- CONFIG_MODVERSIONS is set. Therefore a full kernel build
- needs to be executed to make module versioning work.
+ help
+ List the available targets for external modules.
---- 2.5 Building separate files for a module
- It is possible to build single files which are part of a module.
- This works equally well for the kernel, a module and even for
- external modules.
- Examples (module foo.ko, consist of bar.o, baz.o):
- make -C $KDIR M=`pwd` bar.lst
- make -C $KDIR M=`pwd` bar.o
- make -C $KDIR M=`pwd` foo.ko
- make -C $KDIR M=`pwd` /
-
-
-=== 3. Example commands
-
-This example shows the actual commands to be executed when building
-an external module for the currently running kernel.
-In the example below, the distribution is supposed to use the
-facility to locate output files for a kernel compile in a different
-directory than the kernel source - but the examples will also work
-when the source and the output files are mixed in the same directory.
+--- 2.4 Building Separate Files
-# Kernel source
-/lib/modules/<kernel-version>/source -> /usr/src/linux-<version>
-
-# Output from kernel compile
-/lib/modules/<kernel-version>/build -> /usr/src/linux-<version>-up
-
-Change to the directory where the kbuild file is located and execute
-the following commands to build the module:
+ It is possible to build single files that are part of a module.
+ This works equally well for the kernel, a module, and even for
+ external modules.
- cd /home/user/src/module
- make -C /usr/src/`uname -r`/source \
- O=/lib/modules/`uname-r`/build \
- M=`pwd`
+ Example (The module foo.ko, consist of bar.o and baz.o):
+ make -C $KDIR M=$PWD bar.lst
+ make -C $KDIR M=$PWD baz.o
+ make -C $KDIR M=$PWD foo.ko
+ make -C $KDIR M=$PWD /
-Then, to install the module use the following command:
- make -C /usr/src/`uname -r`/source \
- O=/lib/modules/`uname-r`/build \
- M=`pwd` \
- modules_install
+=== 3. Creating a Kbuild File for an External Module
-If you look closely you will see that this is the same command as
-listed before - with the directories spelled out.
+In the last section we saw the command to build a module for the
+running kernel. The module is not actually built, however, because a
+build file is required. Contained in this file will be the name of
+the module(s) being built, along with the list of requisite source
+files. The file may be as simple as a single line:
-The above are rather long commands, and the following chapter
-lists a few tricks to make it all easier.
+ obj-m := <module_name>.o
+The kbuild system will build <module_name>.o from <module_name>.c,
+and, after linking, will result in the kernel module <module_name>.ko.
+The above line can be put in either a "Kbuild" file or a "Makefile."
+When the module is built from multiple sources, an additional line is
+needed listing the files:
-=== 4. Creating a kbuild file for an external module
+ <module_name>-y := <src1>.o <src2>.o ...
-kbuild is the build system for the kernel, and external modules
-must use kbuild to stay compatible with changes in the build system
-and to pick up the right flags to gcc etc.
+NOTE: Further documentation describing the syntax used by kbuild is
+located in Documentation/kbuild/makefiles.txt.
-The kbuild file used as input shall follow the syntax described
-in Documentation/kbuild/makefiles.txt. This chapter will introduce a few
-more tricks to be used when dealing with external modules.
+The examples below demonstrate how to create a build file for the
+module 8123.ko, which is built from the following files:
-In the following a Makefile will be created for a module with the
-following files:
8123_if.c
8123_if.h
8123_pci.c
8123_bin.o_shipped <= Binary blob
---- 4.1 Shared Makefile for module and kernel
+--- 3.1 Shared Makefile
- An external module always includes a wrapper Makefile supporting
- building the module using 'make' with no arguments.
- The Makefile provided will most likely include additional
- functionality such as test targets etc. and this part shall
- be filtered away from kbuild since it may impact kbuild if
- name clashes occurs.
+ An external module always includes a wrapper makefile that
+ supports building the module using "make" with no arguments.
+ This target is not used by kbuild; it is only for convenience.
+ Additional functionality, such as test targets, can be included
+ but should be filtered out from kbuild due to possible name
+ clashes.
Example 1:
--> filename: Makefile
@@ -219,11 +189,11 @@ following files:
8123-y := 8123_if.o 8123_pci.o 8123_bin.o
else
- # Normal Makefile
+ # normal makefile
+ KDIR ?= /lib/modules/`uname -r`/build
- KERNELDIR := /lib/modules/`uname -r`/build
- all::
- $(MAKE) -C $(KERNELDIR) M=`pwd` $@
+ default:
+ $(MAKE) -C $(KDIR) M=$$PWD
# Module specific targets
genbin:
@@ -231,15 +201,20 @@ following files:
endif
- In example 1, the check for KERNELRELEASE is used to separate
- the two parts of the Makefile. kbuild will only see the two
- assignments whereas make will see everything except the two
- kbuild assignments.
+ The check for KERNELRELEASE is used to separate the two parts
+ of the makefile. In the example, kbuild will only see the two
+ assignments, whereas "make" will see everything except these
+ two assignments. This is due to two passes made on the file:
+ the first pass is by the "make" instance run on the command
+ line; the second pass is by the kbuild system, which is
+ initiated by the parameterized "make" in the default target.
+
+--- 3.2 Separate Kbuild File and Makefile
- In recent versions of the kernel, kbuild will look for a file named
- Kbuild and as second option look for a file named Makefile.
- Utilising the Kbuild file makes us split up the Makefile in example 1
- into two files as shown in example 2:
+ In newer versions of the kernel, kbuild will first look for a
+ file named "Kbuild," and only if that is not found, will it
+ then look for a makefile. Utilizing a "Kbuild" file allows us
+ to split up the makefile from example 1 into two files:
Example 2:
--> filename: Kbuild
@@ -247,20 +222,21 @@ following files:
8123-y := 8123_if.o 8123_pci.o 8123_bin.o
--> filename: Makefile
- KERNELDIR := /lib/modules/`uname -r`/build
- all::
- $(MAKE) -C $(KERNELDIR) M=`pwd` $@
+ KDIR ?= /lib/modules/`uname -r`/build
+
+ default:
+ $(MAKE) -C $(KDIR) M=$$PWD
# Module specific targets
genbin:
echo "X" > 8123_bin.o_shipped
+ The split in example 2 is questionable due to the simplicity of
+ each file; however, some external modules use makefiles
+ consisting of several hundred lines, and here it really pays
+ off to separate the kbuild part from the rest.
- In example 2, we are down to two fairly simple files and for simple
- files as used in this example the split is questionable. But some
- external modules use Makefiles of several hundred lines and here it
- really pays off to separate the kbuild part from the rest.
- Example 3 shows a backward compatible version.
+ The next example shows a backward compatible version.
Example 3:
--> filename: Kbuild
@@ -269,13 +245,15 @@ following files:
--> filename: Makefile
ifneq ($(KERNELRELEASE),)
+ # kbuild part of makefile
include Kbuild
+
else
- # Normal Makefile
+ # normal makefile
+ KDIR ?= /lib/modules/`uname -r`/build
- KERNELDIR := /lib/modules/`uname -r`/build
- all::
- $(MAKE) -C $(KERNELDIR) M=`pwd` $@
+ default:
+ $(MAKE) -C $(KDIR) M=$$PWD
# Module specific targets
genbin:
@@ -283,260 +261,271 @@ following files:
endif
- The trick here is to include the Kbuild file from Makefile, so
- if an older version of kbuild picks up the Makefile, the Kbuild
- file will be included.
+ Here the "Kbuild" file is included from the makefile. This
+ allows an older version of kbuild, which only knows of
+ makefiles, to be used when the "make" and kbuild parts are
+ split into separate files.
---- 4.2 Binary blobs included in a module
+--- 3.3 Binary Blobs
- Some external modules needs to include a .o as a blob. kbuild
- has support for this, but requires the blob file to be named
- <filename>_shipped. In our example the blob is named
- 8123_bin.o_shipped and when the kbuild rules kick in the file
- 8123_bin.o is created as a simple copy off the 8213_bin.o_shipped file
- with the _shipped part stripped of the filename.
- This allows the 8123_bin.o filename to be used in the assignment to
- the module.
+ Some external modules need to include an object file as a blob.
+ kbuild has support for this, but requires the blob file to be
+ named <filename>_shipped. When the kbuild rules kick in, a copy
+ of <filename>_shipped is created with _shipped stripped off,
+ giving us <filename>. This shortened filename can be used in
+ the assignment to the module.
+
+ Throughout this section, 8123_bin.o_shipped has been used to
+ build the kernel module 8123.ko; it has been included as
+ 8123_bin.o.
- Example 4:
- obj-m := 8123.o
8123-y := 8123_if.o 8123_pci.o 8123_bin.o
- In example 4, there is no distinction between the ordinary .c/.h files
- and the binary file. But kbuild will pick up different rules to create
- the .o file.
+ Although there is no distinction between the ordinary source
+ files and the binary file, kbuild will pick up different rules
+ when creating the object file for the module.
+
+--- 3.4 Building Multiple Modules
+ kbuild supports building multiple modules with a single build
+ file. For example, if you wanted to build two modules, foo.ko
+ and bar.ko, the kbuild lines would be:
-=== 5. Include files
+ obj-m := foo.o bar.o
+ foo-y := <foo_srcs>
+ bar-y := <bar_srcs>
-Include files are a necessity when a .c file uses something from other .c
-files (not strictly in the sense of C, but if good programming practice is
-used). Any module that consists of more than one .c file will have a .h file
-for one of the .c files.
+ It is that simple!
-- If the .h file only describes a module internal interface, then the .h file
- shall be placed in the same directory as the .c files.
-- If the .h files describe an interface used by other parts of the kernel
- located in different directories, the .h files shall be located in
- include/linux/ or other include/ directories as appropriate.
-One exception for this rule is larger subsystems that have their own directory
-under include/ such as include/scsi. Another exception is arch-specific
-.h files which are located under include/asm-$(ARCH)/*.
+=== 4. Include Files
-External modules have a tendency to locate include files in a separate include/
-directory and therefore need to deal with this in their kbuild file.
+Within the kernel, header files are kept in standard locations
+according to the following rule:
---- 5.1 How to include files from the kernel include dir
+ * If the header file only describes the internal interface of a
+ module, then the file is placed in the same directory as the
+ source files.
+ * If the header file describes an interface used by other parts
+ of the kernel that are located in different directories, then
+ the file is placed in include/linux/.
- When a module needs to include a file from include/linux/, then one
- just uses:
+ NOTE: There are two notable exceptions to this rule: larger
+ subsystems have their own directory under include/, such as
+ include/scsi; and architecture specific headers are located
+ under arch/$(ARCH)/include/.
- #include <linux/modules.h>
+--- 4.1 Kernel Includes
- kbuild will make sure to add options to gcc so the relevant
- directories are searched.
- Likewise for .h files placed in the same directory as the .c file.
+ To include a header file located under include/linux/, simply
+ use:
- #include "8123_if.h"
+ #include <linux/module.h>
- will do the job.
+ kbuild will add options to "gcc" so the relevant directories
+ are searched.
---- 5.2 External modules using an include/ dir
+--- 4.2 Single Subdirectory
- External modules often locate their .h files in a separate include/
- directory although this is not usual kernel style. When an external
- module uses an include/ dir then kbuild needs to be told so.
- The trick here is to use either EXTRA_CFLAGS (take effect for all .c
- files) or CFLAGS_$F.o (take effect only for a single file).
+ External modules tend to place header files in a separate
+ include/ directory where their source is located, although this
+ is not the usual kernel style. To inform kbuild of the
+ directory, use either ccflags-y or CFLAGS_<filename>.o.
- In our example, if we move 8123_if.h to a subdirectory named include/
- the resulting Kbuild file would look like:
+ Using the example from section 3, if we moved 8123_if.h to a
+ subdirectory named include, the resulting kbuild file would
+ look like:
--> filename: Kbuild
- obj-m := 8123.o
+ obj-m := 8123.o
- EXTRA_CFLAGS := -Iinclude
+ ccflags-y := -Iinclude
8123-y := 8123_if.o 8123_pci.o 8123_bin.o
- Note that in the assignment there is no space between -I and the path.
- This is a kbuild limitation: there must be no space present.
+ Note that in the assignment there is no space between -I and
+ the path. This is a limitation of kbuild: there must be no
+ space present.
---- 5.3 External modules using several directories
-
- If an external module does not follow the usual kernel style, but
- decides to spread files over several directories, then kbuild can
- handle this too.
+--- 4.3 Several Subdirectories
+ kbuild can handle files that are spread over several directories.
Consider the following example:
- |
- +- src/complex_main.c
- | +- hal/hardwareif.c
- | +- hal/include/hardwareif.h
- +- include/complex.h
-
- To build a single module named complex.ko, we then need the following
+ .
+ |__ src
+ | |__ complex_main.c
+ | |__ hal
+ | |__ hardwareif.c
+ | |__ include
+ | |__ hardwareif.h
+ |__ include
+ |__ complex.h
+
+ To build the module complex.ko, we then need the following
kbuild file:
- Kbuild:
+ --> filename: Kbuild
obj-m := complex.o
complex-y := src/complex_main.o
complex-y += src/hal/hardwareif.o
- EXTRA_CFLAGS := -I$(src)/include
- EXTRA_CFLAGS += -I$(src)src/hal/include
+ ccflags-y := -I$(src)/include
+ ccflags-y += -I$(src)/src/hal/include
+ As you can see, kbuild knows how to handle object files located
+ in other directories. The trick is to specify the directory
+ relative to the kbuild file's location. That being said, this
+ is NOT recommended practice.
- kbuild knows how to handle .o files located in another directory -
- although this is NOT recommended practice. The syntax is to specify
- the directory relative to the directory where the Kbuild file is
- located.
+ For the header files, kbuild must be explicitly told where to
+ look. When kbuild executes, the current directory is always the
+ root of the kernel tree (the argument to "-C") and therefore an
+ absolute path is needed. $(src) provides the absolute path by
+ pointing to the directory where the currently executing kbuild
+ file is located.
- To find the .h files, we have to explicitly tell kbuild where to look
- for the .h files. When kbuild executes, the current directory is always
- the root of the kernel tree (argument to -C) and therefore we have to
- tell kbuild how to find the .h files using absolute paths.
- $(src) will specify the absolute path to the directory where the
- Kbuild file are located when being build as an external module.
- Therefore -I$(src)/ is used to point out the directory of the Kbuild
- file and any additional path are just appended.
-=== 6. Module installation
+=== 5. Module Installation
-Modules which are included in the kernel are installed in the directory:
+Modules which are included in the kernel are installed in the
+directory:
- /lib/modules/$(KERNELRELEASE)/kernel
+ /lib/modules/$(KERNELRELEASE)/kernel/
-External modules are installed in the directory:
+And external modules are installed in:
- /lib/modules/$(KERNELRELEASE)/extra
+ /lib/modules/$(KERNELRELEASE)/extra/
---- 6.1 INSTALL_MOD_PATH
+--- 5.1 INSTALL_MOD_PATH
- Above are the default directories, but as always, some level of
- customization is possible. One can prefix the path using the variable
- INSTALL_MOD_PATH:
+ Above are the default directories but as always some level of
+ customization is possible. A prefix can be added to the
+ installation path using the variable INSTALL_MOD_PATH:
$ make INSTALL_MOD_PATH=/frodo modules_install
- => Install dir: /frodo/lib/modules/$(KERNELRELEASE)/kernel
-
- INSTALL_MOD_PATH may be set as an ordinary shell variable or as in the
- example above, can be specified on the command line when calling make.
- INSTALL_MOD_PATH has effect both when installing modules included in
- the kernel as well as when installing external modules.
+ => Install dir: /frodo/lib/modules/$(KERNELRELEASE)/kernel/
---- 6.2 INSTALL_MOD_DIR
+ INSTALL_MOD_PATH may be set as an ordinary shell variable or,
+ as shown above, can be specified on the command line when
+ calling "make." This has effect when installing both in-tree
+ and out-of-tree modules.
- When installing external modules they are by default installed to a
- directory under /lib/modules/$(KERNELRELEASE)/extra, but one may wish
- to locate modules for a specific functionality in a separate
- directory. For this purpose, one can use INSTALL_MOD_DIR to specify an
- alternative name to 'extra'.
+--- 5.2 INSTALL_MOD_DIR
- $ make INSTALL_MOD_DIR=gandalf -C KERNELDIR \
- M=`pwd` modules_install
- => Install dir: /lib/modules/$(KERNELRELEASE)/gandalf
+ External modules are by default installed to a directory under
+ /lib/modules/$(KERNELRELEASE)/extra/, but you may wish to
+ locate modules for a specific functionality in a separate
+ directory. For this purpose, use INSTALL_MOD_DIR to specify an
+ alternative name to "extra."
+ $ make INSTALL_MOD_DIR=gandalf -C $KDIR \
+ M=$PWD modules_install
+ => Install dir: /lib/modules/$(KERNELRELEASE)/gandalf/
-=== 7. Module versioning & Module.symvers
-Module versioning is enabled by the CONFIG_MODVERSIONS tag.
+=== 6. Module Versioning
-Module versioning is used as a simple ABI consistency check. The Module
-versioning creates a CRC value of the full prototype for an exported symbol and
-when a module is loaded/used then the CRC values contained in the kernel are
-compared with similar values in the module. If they are not equal, then the
-kernel refuses to load the module.
+Module versioning is enabled by the CONFIG_MODVERSIONS tag, and is used
+as a simple ABI consistency check. A CRC value of the full prototype
+for an exported symbol is created. When a module is loaded/used, the
+CRC values contained in the kernel are compared with similar values in
+the module; if they are not equal, the kernel refuses to load the
+module.
-Module.symvers contains a list of all exported symbols from a kernel build.
+Module.symvers contains a list of all exported symbols from a kernel
+build.
---- 7.1 Symbols from the kernel (vmlinux + modules)
+--- 6.1 Symbols From the Kernel (vmlinux + modules)
- During a kernel build, a file named Module.symvers will be generated.
- Module.symvers contains all exported symbols from the kernel and
- compiled modules. For each symbols, the corresponding CRC value
- is stored too.
+ During a kernel build, a file named Module.symvers will be
+ generated. Module.symvers contains all exported symbols from
+ the kernel and compiled modules. For each symbol, the
+ corresponding CRC value is also stored.
The syntax of the Module.symvers file is:
- <CRC> <Symbol> <module>
- Sample:
+ <CRC> <Symbol> <module>
+
0x2d036834 scsi_remove_host drivers/scsi/scsi_mod
- For a kernel build without CONFIG_MODVERSIONS enabled, the crc
- would read: 0x00000000
+ For a kernel build without CONFIG_MODVERSIONS enabled, the CRC
+ would read 0x00000000.
Module.symvers serves two purposes:
- 1) It lists all exported symbols both from vmlinux and all modules
- 2) It lists the CRC if CONFIG_MODVERSIONS is enabled
-
---- 7.2 Symbols and external modules
-
- When building an external module, the build system needs access to
- the symbols from the kernel to check if all external symbols are
- defined. This is done in the MODPOST step and to obtain all
- symbols, modpost reads Module.symvers from the kernel.
- If a Module.symvers file is present in the directory where
- the external module is being built, this file will be read too.
- During the MODPOST step, a new Module.symvers file will be written
- containing all exported symbols that were not defined in the kernel.
-
---- 7.3 Symbols from another external module
-
- Sometimes, an external module uses exported symbols from another
- external module. Kbuild needs to have full knowledge on all symbols
- to avoid spitting out warnings about undefined symbols.
- Three solutions exist to let kbuild know all symbols of more than
- one external module.
- The method with a top-level kbuild file is recommended but may be
- impractical in certain situations.
-
- Use a top-level Kbuild file
- If you have two modules: 'foo' and 'bar', and 'foo' needs
- symbols from 'bar', then one can use a common top-level kbuild
- file so both modules are compiled in same build.
-
- Consider following directory layout:
- ./foo/ <= contains the foo module
- ./bar/ <= contains the bar module
- The top-level Kbuild file would then look like:
-
- #./Kbuild: (this file may also be named Makefile)
+ 1) It lists all exported symbols from vmlinux and all modules.
+ 2) It lists the CRC if CONFIG_MODVERSIONS is enabled.
+
+--- 6.2 Symbols and External Modules
+
+ When building an external module, the build system needs access
+ to the symbols from the kernel to check if all external symbols
+ are defined. This is done in the MODPOST step. modpost obtains
+ the symbols by reading Module.symvers from the kernel source
+ tree. If a Module.symvers file is present in the directory
+ where the external module is being built, this file will be
+ read too. During the MODPOST step, a new Module.symvers file
+ will be written containing all exported symbols that were not
+ defined in the kernel.
+
+--- 6.3 Symbols From Another External Module
+
+ Sometimes, an external module uses exported symbols from
+ another external module. kbuild needs to have full knowledge of
+ all symbols to avoid spitting out warnings about undefined
+ symbols. Three solutions exist for this situation.
+
+ NOTE: The method with a top-level kbuild file is recommended
+ but may be impractical in certain situations.
+
+ Use a top-level kbuild file
+ If you have two modules, foo.ko and bar.ko, where
+ foo.ko needs symbols from bar.ko, you can use a
+ common top-level kbuild file so both modules are
+ compiled in the same build. Consider the following
+ directory layout:
+
+ ./foo/ <= contains foo.ko
+ ./bar/ <= contains bar.ko
+
+ The top-level kbuild file would then look like:
+
+ #./Kbuild (or ./Makefile):
obj-y := foo/ bar/
- Executing:
- make -C $KDIR M=`pwd`
+ And executing
+
+ $ make -C $KDIR M=$PWD
- will then do the expected and compile both modules with full
- knowledge on symbols from both modules.
+ will then do the expected and compile both modules with
+ full knowledge of symbols from either module.
Use an extra Module.symvers file
- When an external module is built, a Module.symvers file is
- generated containing all exported symbols which are not
- defined in the kernel.
- To get access to symbols from module 'bar', one can copy the
- Module.symvers file from the compilation of the 'bar' module
- to the directory where the 'foo' module is built.
- During the module build, kbuild will read the Module.symvers
- file in the directory of the external module and when the
- build is finished, a new Module.symvers file is created
- containing the sum of all symbols defined and not part of the
- kernel.
-
- Use make variable KBUILD_EXTRA_SYMBOLS in the Makefile
- If it is impractical to copy Module.symvers from another
- module, you can assign a space separated list of files to
- KBUILD_EXTRA_SYMBOLS in your Makfile. These files will be
- loaded by modpost during the initialisation of its symbol
- tables.
-
-=== 8. Tips & Tricks
-
---- 8.1 Testing for CONFIG_FOO_BAR
-
- Modules often need to check for certain CONFIG_ options to decide if
- a specific feature shall be included in the module. When kbuild is used
- this is done by referencing the CONFIG_ variable directly.
+ When an external module is built, a Module.symvers file
+ is generated containing all exported symbols which are
+ not defined in the kernel. To get access to symbols
+ from bar.ko, copy the Module.symvers file from the
+ compilation of bar.ko to the directory where foo.ko is
+ built. During the module build, kbuild will read the
+ Module.symvers file in the directory of the external
+ module, and when the build is finished, a new
+ Module.symvers file is created containing the sum of
+ all symbols defined and not part of the kernel.
+
+ Use "make" variable KBUILD_EXTRA_SYMBOLS
+ If it is impractical to copy Module.symvers from
+ another module, you can assign a space separated list
+ of files to KBUILD_EXTRA_SYMBOLS in your build file.
+ These files will be loaded by modpost during the
+ initialization of its symbol tables.
+
+
+=== 7. Tips & Tricks
+
+--- 7.1 Testing for CONFIG_FOO_BAR
+
+ Modules often need to check for certain CONFIG_ options to
+ decide if a specific feature is included in the module. In
+ kbuild this is done by referencing the CONFIG_ variable
+ directly.
#fs/ext2/Makefile
obj-$(CONFIG_EXT2_FS) += ext2.o
@@ -544,9 +533,9 @@ Module.symvers contains a list of all exported symbols from a kernel build.
ext2-y := balloc.o bitmap.o dir.o
ext2-$(CONFIG_EXT2_FS_XATTR) += xattr.o
- External modules have traditionally used grep to check for specific
- CONFIG_ settings directly in .config. This usage is broken.
- As introduced before, external modules shall use kbuild when building
- and therefore can use the same methods as in-kernel modules when
- testing for CONFIG_ definitions.
+ External modules have traditionally used "grep" to check for
+ specific CONFIG_ settings directly in .config. This usage is
+ broken. As introduced before, external modules should use
+ kbuild for building and can therefore use the same methods as
+ in-tree modules when testing for CONFIG_ definitions.
diff --git a/Documentation/kernel-parameters.txt b/Documentation/kernel-parameters.txt
index 0b6815504e6..92e83e53148 100644
--- a/Documentation/kernel-parameters.txt
+++ b/Documentation/kernel-parameters.txt
@@ -706,7 +706,7 @@ and is between 256 and 4096 characters. It is defined in the file
arch/x86/kernel/cpu/cpufreq/elanfreq.c.
elevator= [IOSCHED]
- Format: {"anticipatory" | "cfq" | "deadline" | "noop"}
+ Format: {"cfq" | "deadline" | "noop"}
See Documentation/block/as-iosched.txt and
Documentation/block/deadline-iosched.txt for details.
@@ -1541,12 +1541,15 @@ and is between 256 and 4096 characters. It is defined in the file
1 to enable accounting
Default value is 0.
- nfsaddrs= [NFS]
+ nfsaddrs= [NFS] Deprecated. Use ip= instead.
See Documentation/filesystems/nfs/nfsroot.txt.
nfsroot= [NFS] nfs root filesystem for disk-less boxes.
See Documentation/filesystems/nfs/nfsroot.txt.
+ nfsrootdebug [NFS] enable nfsroot debugging messages.
+ See Documentation/filesystems/nfs/nfsroot.txt.
+
nfs.callback_tcpport=
[NFS] set the TCP port on which the NFSv4 callback
channel should listen.
@@ -2172,6 +2175,11 @@ and is between 256 and 4096 characters. It is defined in the file
reset_devices [KNL] Force drivers to reset the underlying device
during initialization.
+ resource_alloc_from_bottom
+ Allocate new resources from the beginning of available
+ space, not the end. If you need to use this, please
+ report a bug.
+
resume= [SWSUSP]
Specify the partition device for software suspend
@@ -2438,7 +2446,7 @@ and is between 256 and 4096 characters. It is defined in the file
topology informations if the hardware supports these.
The scheduler will make use of these informations and
e.g. base its process migration decisions on it.
- Default is off.
+ Default is on.
tp720= [HW,PS2]
diff --git a/Documentation/leds-class.txt b/Documentation/leds-class.txt
index 8fd5ca2ae32..58b266bd184 100644
--- a/Documentation/leds-class.txt
+++ b/Documentation/leds-class.txt
@@ -60,15 +60,18 @@ Hardware accelerated blink of LEDs
Some LEDs can be programmed to blink without any CPU interaction. To
support this feature, a LED driver can optionally implement the
-blink_set() function (see <linux/leds.h>). If implemented, triggers can
-attempt to use it before falling back to software timers. The blink_set()
-function should return 0 if the blink setting is supported, or -EINVAL
-otherwise, which means that LED blinking will be handled by software.
-
-The blink_set() function should choose a user friendly blinking
-value if it is called with *delay_on==0 && *delay_off==0 parameters. In
-this case the driver should give back the chosen value through delay_on
-and delay_off parameters to the leds subsystem.
+blink_set() function (see <linux/leds.h>). To set an LED to blinking,
+however, it is better to use use the API function led_blink_set(),
+as it will check and implement software fallback if necessary.
+
+To turn off blinking again, use the API function led_brightness_set()
+as that will not just set the LED brightness but also stop any software
+timers that may have been required for blinking.
+
+The blink_set() function should choose a user friendly blinking value
+if it is called with *delay_on==0 && *delay_off==0 parameters. In this
+case the driver should give back the chosen value through delay_on and
+delay_off parameters to the leds subsystem.
Setting the brightness to zero with brightness_set() callback function
should completely turn off the LED and cancel the previously programmed
diff --git a/Documentation/leds/leds-lp5521.txt b/Documentation/leds/leds-lp5521.txt
new file mode 100644
index 00000000000..c4d8d151e0f
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/leds/leds-lp5521.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,88 @@
+Kernel driver for lp5521
+========================
+
+* National Semiconductor LP5521 led driver chip
+* Datasheet: http://www.national.com/pf/LP/LP5521.html
+
+Authors: Mathias Nyman, Yuri Zaporozhets, Samu Onkalo
+Contact: Samu Onkalo (samu.p.onkalo-at-nokia.com)
+
+Description
+-----------
+
+LP5521 can drive up to 3 channels. Leds can be controlled directly via
+the led class control interface. Channels have generic names:
+lp5521:channelx, where x is 0 .. 2
+
+All three channels can be also controlled using the engine micro programs.
+More details of the instructions can be found from the public data sheet.
+
+Control interface for the engines:
+x is 1 .. 3
+enginex_mode : disabled, load, run
+enginex_load : store program (visible only in engine load mode)
+
+Example (start to blink the channel 2 led):
+cd /sys/class/leds/lp5521:channel2/device
+echo "load" > engine3_mode
+echo "037f4d0003ff6000" > engine3_load
+echo "run" > engine3_mode
+
+stop the engine:
+echo "disabled" > engine3_mode
+
+sysfs contains a selftest entry.
+The test communicates with the chip and checks that
+the clock mode is automatically set to the requested one.
+
+Each channel has its own led current settings.
+/sys/class/leds/lp5521:channel0/led_current - RW
+/sys/class/leds/lp5521:channel0/max_current - RO
+Format: 10x mA i.e 10 means 1.0 mA
+
+example platform data:
+
+Note: chan_nr can have values between 0 and 2.
+
+static struct lp5521_led_config lp5521_led_config[] = {
+ {
+ .chan_nr = 0,
+ .led_current = 50,
+ .max_current = 130,
+ }, {
+ .chan_nr = 1,
+ .led_current = 0,
+ .max_current = 130,
+ }, {
+ .chan_nr = 2,
+ .led_current = 0,
+ .max_current = 130,
+ }
+};
+
+static int lp5521_setup(void)
+{
+ /* setup HW resources */
+}
+
+static void lp5521_release(void)
+{
+ /* Release HW resources */
+}
+
+static void lp5521_enable(bool state)
+{
+ /* Control of chip enable signal */
+}
+
+static struct lp5521_platform_data lp5521_platform_data = {
+ .led_config = lp5521_led_config,
+ .num_channels = ARRAY_SIZE(lp5521_led_config),
+ .clock_mode = LP5521_CLOCK_EXT,
+ .setup_resources = lp5521_setup,
+ .release_resources = lp5521_release,
+ .enable = lp5521_enable,
+};
+
+If the current is set to 0 in the platform data, that channel is
+disabled and it is not visible in the sysfs.
diff --git a/Documentation/leds/leds-lp5523.txt b/Documentation/leds/leds-lp5523.txt
new file mode 100644
index 00000000000..fad2feb8b7c
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/leds/leds-lp5523.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,83 @@
+Kernel driver for lp5523
+========================
+
+* National Semiconductor LP5523 led driver chip
+* Datasheet: http://www.national.com/pf/LP/LP5523.html
+
+Authors: Mathias Nyman, Yuri Zaporozhets, Samu Onkalo
+Contact: Samu Onkalo (samu.p.onkalo-at-nokia.com)
+
+Description
+-----------
+LP5523 can drive up to 9 channels. Leds can be controlled directly via
+the led class control interface. Channels have generic names:
+lp5523:channelx where x is 0...8
+
+The chip provides 3 engines. Each engine can control channels without
+interaction from the main CPU. Details of the micro engine code can be found
+from the public data sheet. Leds can be muxed to different channels.
+
+Control interface for the engines:
+x is 1 .. 3
+enginex_mode : disabled, load, run
+enginex_load : microcode load (visible only in load mode)
+enginex_leds : led mux control (visible only in load mode)
+
+cd /sys/class/leds/lp5523:channel2/device
+echo "load" > engine3_mode
+echo "9d80400004ff05ff437f0000" > engine3_load
+echo "111111111" > engine3_leds
+echo "run" > engine3_mode
+
+sysfs contains a selftest entry. It measures each channel
+voltage level and checks if it looks reasonable. If the level is too high,
+the led is missing; if the level is too low, there is a short circuit.
+
+Selftest uses always the current from the platform data.
+
+Each channel contains led current settings.
+/sys/class/leds/lp5523:channel2/led_current - RW
+/sys/class/leds/lp5523:channel2/max_current - RO
+Format: 10x mA i.e 10 means 1.0 mA
+
+Example platform data:
+
+Note - chan_nr can have values between 0 and 8.
+
+static struct lp5523_led_config lp5523_led_config[] = {
+ {
+ .chan_nr = 0,
+ .led_current = 50,
+ .max_current = 130,
+ },
+...
+ }, {
+ .chan_nr = 8,
+ .led_current = 50,
+ .max_current = 130,
+ }
+};
+
+static int lp5523_setup(void)
+{
+ /* Setup HW resources */
+}
+
+static void lp5523_release(void)
+{
+ /* Release HW resources */
+}
+
+static void lp5523_enable(bool state)
+{
+ /* Control chip enable signal */
+}
+
+static struct lp5523_platform_data lp5523_platform_data = {
+ .led_config = lp5523_led_config,
+ .num_channels = ARRAY_SIZE(lp5523_led_config),
+ .clock_mode = LP5523_CLOCK_EXT,
+ .setup_resources = lp5523_setup,
+ .release_resources = lp5523_release,
+ .enable = lp5523_enable,
+};
diff --git a/Documentation/misc-devices/apds990x.txt b/Documentation/misc-devices/apds990x.txt
new file mode 100644
index 00000000000..d5408cade32
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/misc-devices/apds990x.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,111 @@
+Kernel driver apds990x
+======================
+
+Supported chips:
+Avago APDS990X
+
+Data sheet:
+Not freely available
+
+Author:
+Samu Onkalo <samu.p.onkalo@nokia.com>
+
+Description
+-----------
+
+APDS990x is a combined ambient light and proximity sensor. ALS and proximity
+functionality are highly connected. ALS measurement path must be running
+while the proximity functionality is enabled.
+
+ALS produces raw measurement values for two channels: Clear channel
+(infrared + visible light) and IR only. However, threshold comparisons happen
+using clear channel only. Lux value and the threshold level on the HW
+might vary quite much depending the spectrum of the light source.
+
+Driver makes necessary conversions to both directions so that user handles
+only lux values. Lux value is calculated using information from the both
+channels. HW threshold level is calculated from the given lux value to match
+with current type of the lightning. Sometimes inaccuracy of the estimations
+lead to false interrupt, but that doesn't harm.
+
+ALS contains 4 different gain steps. Driver automatically
+selects suitable gain step. After each measurement, reliability of the results
+is estimated and new measurement is trigged if necessary.
+
+Platform data can provide tuned values to the conversion formulas if
+values are known. Otherwise plain sensor default values are used.
+
+Proximity side is little bit simpler. There is no need for complex conversions.
+It produces directly usable values.
+
+Driver controls chip operational state using pm_runtime framework.
+Voltage regulators are controlled based on chip operational state.
+
+SYSFS
+-----
+
+
+chip_id
+ RO - shows detected chip type and version
+
+power_state
+ RW - enable / disable chip. Uses counting logic
+ 1 enables the chip
+ 0 disables the chip
+lux0_input
+ RO - measured lux value
+ sysfs_notify called when threshold interrupt occurs
+
+lux0_sensor_range
+ RO - lux0_input max value. Actually never reaches since sensor tends
+ to saturate much before that. Real max value varies depending
+ on the light spectrum etc.
+
+lux0_rate
+ RW - measurement rate in Hz
+
+lux0_rate_avail
+ RO - supported measurement rates
+
+lux0_calibscale
+ RW - calibration value. Set to neutral value by default.
+ Output results are multiplied with calibscale / calibscale_default
+ value.
+
+lux0_calibscale_default
+ RO - neutral calibration value
+
+lux0_thresh_above_value
+ RW - HI level threshold value. All results above the value
+ trigs an interrupt. 65535 (i.e. sensor_range) disables the above
+ interrupt.
+
+lux0_thresh_below_value
+ RW - LO level threshold value. All results below the value
+ trigs an interrupt. 0 disables the below interrupt.
+
+prox0_raw
+ RO - measured proximity value
+ sysfs_notify called when threshold interrupt occurs
+
+prox0_sensor_range
+ RO - prox0_raw max value (1023)
+
+prox0_raw_en
+ RW - enable / disable proximity - uses counting logic
+ 1 enables the proximity
+ 0 disables the proximity
+
+prox0_reporting_mode
+ RW - trigger / periodic. In "trigger" mode the driver tells two possible
+ values: 0 or prox0_sensor_range value. 0 means no proximity,
+ 1023 means proximity. This causes minimal number of interrupts.
+ In "periodic" mode the driver reports all values above
+ prox0_thresh_above. This causes more interrupts, but it can give
+ _rough_ estimate about the distance.
+
+prox0_reporting_mode_avail
+ RO - accepted values to prox0_reporting_mode (trigger, periodic)
+
+prox0_thresh_above_value
+ RW - threshold level which trigs proximity events.
diff --git a/Documentation/misc-devices/bh1770glc.txt b/Documentation/misc-devices/bh1770glc.txt
new file mode 100644
index 00000000000..7d64c014dc7
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/misc-devices/bh1770glc.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,116 @@
+Kernel driver bh1770glc
+=======================
+
+Supported chips:
+ROHM BH1770GLC
+OSRAM SFH7770
+
+Data sheet:
+Not freely available
+
+Author:
+Samu Onkalo <samu.p.onkalo@nokia.com>
+
+Description
+-----------
+BH1770GLC and SFH7770 are combined ambient light and proximity sensors.
+ALS and proximity parts operates on their own, but they shares common I2C
+interface and interrupt logic. In principle they can run on their own,
+but ALS side results are used to estimate reliability of the proximity sensor.
+
+ALS produces 16 bit lux values. The chip contains interrupt logic to produce
+low and high threshold interrupts.
+
+Proximity part contains IR-led driver up to 3 IR leds. The chip measures
+amount of reflected IR light and produces proximity result. Resolution is
+8 bit. Driver supports only one channel. Driver uses ALS results to estimate
+reliability of the proximity results. Thus ALS is always running while
+proximity detection is needed.
+
+Driver uses threshold interrupts to avoid need for polling the values.
+Proximity low interrupt doesn't exists in the chip. This is simulated
+by using a delayed work. As long as there is proximity threshold above
+interrupts the delayed work is pushed forward. So, when proximity level goes
+below the threshold value, there is no interrupt and the delayed work will
+finally run. This is handled as no proximity indication.
+
+Chip state is controlled via runtime pm framework when enabled in config.
+
+Calibscale factor is used to hide differences between the chips. By default
+value set to neutral state meaning factor of 1.00. To get proper values,
+calibrated source of light is needed as a reference. Calibscale factor is set
+so that measurement produces about the expected lux value.
+
+SYSFS
+-----
+
+chip_id
+ RO - shows detected chip type and version
+
+power_state
+ RW - enable / disable chip. Uses counting logic
+ 1 enables the chip
+ 0 disables the chip
+
+lux0_input
+ RO - measured lux value
+ sysfs_notify called when threshold interrupt occurs
+
+lux0_sensor_range
+ RO - lux0_input max value
+
+lux0_rate
+ RW - measurement rate in Hz
+
+lux0_rate_avail
+ RO - supported measurement rates
+
+lux0_thresh_above_value
+ RW - HI level threshold value. All results above the value
+ trigs an interrupt. 65535 (i.e. sensor_range) disables the above
+ interrupt.
+
+lux0_thresh_below_value
+ RW - LO level threshold value. All results below the value
+ trigs an interrupt. 0 disables the below interrupt.
+
+lux0_calibscale
+ RW - calibration value. Set to neutral value by default.
+ Output results are multiplied with calibscale / calibscale_default
+ value.
+
+lux0_calibscale_default
+ RO - neutral calibration value
+
+prox0_raw
+ RO - measured proximity value
+ sysfs_notify called when threshold interrupt occurs
+
+prox0_sensor_range
+ RO - prox0_raw max value
+
+prox0_raw_en
+ RW - enable / disable proximity - uses counting logic
+ 1 enables the proximity
+ 0 disables the proximity
+
+prox0_thresh_above_count
+ RW - number of proximity interrupts needed before triggering the event
+
+prox0_rate_above
+ RW - Measurement rate (in Hz) when the level is above threshold
+ i.e. when proximity on has been reported.
+
+prox0_rate_below
+ RW - Measurement rate (in Hz) when the level is below threshold
+ i.e. when proximity off has been reported.
+
+prox0_rate_avail
+ RO - Supported proximity measurement rates in Hz
+
+prox0_thresh_above0_value
+ RW - threshold level which trigs proximity events.
+ Filtered by persistence filter (prox0_thresh_above_count)
+
+prox0_thresh_above1_value
+ RW - threshold level which trigs event immediately
diff --git a/Documentation/rbtree.txt b/Documentation/rbtree.txt
index 221f38be98f..19f8278c385 100644
--- a/Documentation/rbtree.txt
+++ b/Documentation/rbtree.txt
@@ -21,8 +21,8 @@ three rotations, respectively, to balance the tree), with slightly slower
To quote Linux Weekly News:
There are a number of red-black trees in use in the kernel.
- The anticipatory, deadline, and CFQ I/O schedulers all employ
- rbtrees to track requests; the packet CD/DVD driver does the same.
+ The deadline and CFQ I/O schedulers employ rbtrees to
+ track requests; the packet CD/DVD driver does the same.
The high-resolution timer code uses an rbtree to organize outstanding
timer requests. The ext3 filesystem tracks directory entries in a
red-black tree. Virtual memory areas (VMAs) are tracked with red-black
diff --git a/Documentation/scsi/ChangeLog.megaraid_sas b/Documentation/scsi/ChangeLog.megaraid_sas
index 30023568805..00301ed9c37 100644
--- a/Documentation/scsi/ChangeLog.megaraid_sas
+++ b/Documentation/scsi/ChangeLog.megaraid_sas
@@ -1,3 +1,50 @@
+1 Release Date : Thur. May 03, 2010 09:12:45 PST 2009 -
+ (emaild-id:megaraidlinux@lsi.com)
+ Bo Yang
+
+2 Current Version : 00.00.04.31-rc1
+3 Older Version : 00.00.04.17.1-rc1
+
+1. Add the Online Controller Reset (OCR) to the Driver.
+ OCR is the new feature for megaraid_sas driver which
+ will allow the fw to do the chip reset which will not
+ affact the OS behavious.
+
+ To add the OCR support, driver need to do:
+ a). reset the controller chips -- Xscale and Gen2 which
+ will change the function calls and add the reset function
+ related to this two chips.
+
+ b). during the reset, driver will store the pending cmds
+ which not returned by FW to driver's pending queue. Driver
+ will re-issue those pending cmds again to FW after the OCR
+ finished.
+
+ c). In driver's timeout routine, driver will report to
+ OS as reset. Also driver's queue routine will block the
+ cmds until the OCR finished.
+
+ d). in Driver's ISR routine, if driver get the FW state as
+ state change, FW in Failure status and FW support online controller
+ reset (OCR), driver will start to do the controller reset.
+
+ e). In driver's IOCTL routine, the application cmds will wait for the
+ OCR to finish, then issue the cmds to FW.
+
+ f). Before driver kill adapter, driver will do last chance of
+ OCR to see if driver can bring back the FW.
+
+2. Add the support update flag to the driver to tell LSI megaraid_sas
+ application which driver will support the device update. So application
+ will not need to do the device update after application add/del the device
+ from the system.
+3. In driver's timeout routine, driver will do three time reset if fw is in
+ failed state. Driver will kill adapter if can't bring back FW after the
+ this three times reset.
+4. Add the input parameter max_sectors to 1MB support to our GEN2 controller.
+ customer can use the input paramenter max_sectors to add 1MB support to GEN2
+ controller.
+
1 Release Date : Thur. Oct 29, 2009 09:12:45 PST 2009 -
(emaild-id:megaraidlinux@lsi.com)
Bo Yang
diff --git a/Documentation/sound/alsa/ALSA-Configuration.txt b/Documentation/sound/alsa/ALSA-Configuration.txt
index 7f4dcebda9c..d0eb696d32e 100644
--- a/Documentation/sound/alsa/ALSA-Configuration.txt
+++ b/Documentation/sound/alsa/ALSA-Configuration.txt
@@ -300,6 +300,74 @@ Prior to version 0.9.0rc4 options had a 'snd_' prefix. This was removed.
control correctly. If you have problems regarding this, try
another ALSA compliant mixer (alsamixer works).
+ Module snd-azt1605
+ ------------------
+
+ Module for Aztech Sound Galaxy soundcards based on the Aztech AZT1605
+ chipset.
+
+ port - port # for BASE (0x220,0x240,0x260,0x280)
+ wss_port - port # for WSS (0x530,0x604,0xe80,0xf40)
+ irq - IRQ # for WSS (7,9,10,11)
+ dma1 - DMA # for WSS playback (0,1,3)
+ dma2 - DMA # for WSS capture (0,1), -1 = disabled (default)
+ mpu_port - port # for MPU-401 UART (0x300,0x330), -1 = disabled (default)
+ mpu_irq - IRQ # for MPU-401 UART (3,5,7,9), -1 = disabled (default)
+ fm_port - port # for OPL3 (0x388), -1 = disabled (default)
+
+ This module supports multiple cards. It does not support autoprobe: port,
+ wss_port, irq and dma1 have to be specified. The other values are
+ optional.
+
+ "port" needs to match the BASE ADDRESS jumper on the card (0x220 or 0x240)
+ or the value stored in the card's EEPROM for cards that have an EEPROM and
+ their "CONFIG MODE" jumper set to "EEPROM SETTING". The other values can
+ be choosen freely from the options enumerated above.
+
+ If dma2 is specified and different from dma1, the card will operate in
+ full-duplex mode. When dma1=3, only dma2=0 is valid and the only way to
+ enable capture since only channels 0 and 1 are available for capture.
+
+ Generic settings are "port=0x220 wss_port=0x530 irq=10 dma1=1 dma2=0
+ mpu_port=0x330 mpu_irq=9 fm_port=0x388".
+
+ Whatever IRQ and DMA channels you pick, be sure to reserve them for
+ legacy ISA in your BIOS.
+
+ Module snd-azt2316
+ ------------------
+
+ Module for Aztech Sound Galaxy soundcards based on the Aztech AZT2316
+ chipset.
+
+ port - port # for BASE (0x220,0x240,0x260,0x280)
+ wss_port - port # for WSS (0x530,0x604,0xe80,0xf40)
+ irq - IRQ # for WSS (7,9,10,11)
+ dma1 - DMA # for WSS playback (0,1,3)
+ dma2 - DMA # for WSS capture (0,1), -1 = disabled (default)
+ mpu_port - port # for MPU-401 UART (0x300,0x330), -1 = disabled (default)
+ mpu_irq - IRQ # for MPU-401 UART (5,7,9,10), -1 = disabled (default)
+ fm_port - port # for OPL3 (0x388), -1 = disabled (default)
+
+ This module supports multiple cards. It does not support autoprobe: port,
+ wss_port, irq and dma1 have to be specified. The other values are
+ optional.
+
+ "port" needs to match the BASE ADDRESS jumper on the card (0x220 or 0x240)
+ or the value stored in the card's EEPROM for cards that have an EEPROM and
+ their "CONFIG MODE" jumper set to "EEPROM SETTING". The other values can
+ be choosen freely from the options enumerated above.
+
+ If dma2 is specified and different from dma1, the card will operate in
+ full-duplex mode. When dma1=3, only dma2=0 is valid and the only way to
+ enable capture since only channels 0 and 1 are available for capture.
+
+ Generic settings are "port=0x220 wss_port=0x530 irq=10 dma1=1 dma2=0
+ mpu_port=0x330 mpu_irq=9 fm_port=0x388".
+
+ Whatever IRQ and DMA channels you pick, be sure to reserve them for
+ legacy ISA in your BIOS.
+
Module snd-aw2
--------------
@@ -1641,20 +1709,6 @@ Prior to version 0.9.0rc4 options had a 'snd_' prefix. This was removed.
This card is also known as Audio Excel DSP 16 or Zoltrix AV302.
- Module snd-sgalaxy
- ------------------
-
- Module for Aztech Sound Galaxy sound card.
-
- sbport - Port # for SB16 interface (0x220,0x240)
- wssport - Port # for WSS interface (0x530,0xe80,0xf40,0x604)
- irq - IRQ # (7,9,10,11)
- dma1 - DMA #
-
- This module supports multiple cards.
-
- The power-management is supported.
-
Module snd-sscape
-----------------
diff --git a/Documentation/sound/alsa/HD-Audio.txt b/Documentation/sound/alsa/HD-Audio.txt
index 278cc2122ea..c82beb00763 100644
--- a/Documentation/sound/alsa/HD-Audio.txt
+++ b/Documentation/sound/alsa/HD-Audio.txt
@@ -57,9 +57,11 @@ dead. However, this detection isn't perfect on some devices. In such
a case, you can change the default method via `position_fix` option.
`position_fix=1` means to use LPIB method explicitly.
-`position_fix=2` means to use the position-buffer. 0 is the default
-value, the automatic check and fallback to LPIB as described in the
-above. If you get a problem of repeated sounds, this option might
+`position_fix=2` means to use the position-buffer.
+`position_fix=3` means to use a combination of both methods, needed
+for some VIA and ATI controllers. 0 is the default value for all other
+controllers, the automatic check and fallback to LPIB as described in
+the above. If you get a problem of repeated sounds, this option might
help.
In addition to that, every controller is known to be broken regarding
diff --git a/Documentation/sysctl/kernel.txt b/Documentation/sysctl/kernel.txt
index 3894eaa2348..209e1584c3d 100644
--- a/Documentation/sysctl/kernel.txt
+++ b/Documentation/sysctl/kernel.txt
@@ -28,6 +28,7 @@ show up in /proc/sys/kernel:
- core_uses_pid
- ctrl-alt-del
- dentry-state
+- dmesg_restrict
- domainname
- hostname
- hotplug
@@ -213,6 +214,19 @@ to decide what to do with it.
==============================================================
+dmesg_restrict:
+
+This toggle indicates whether unprivileged users are prevented from using
+dmesg(8) to view messages from the kernel's log buffer. When
+dmesg_restrict is set to (0) there are no restrictions. When
+dmesg_restrict is set set to (1), users must have CAP_SYS_ADMIN to use
+dmesg(8).
+
+The kernel config option CONFIG_SECURITY_DMESG_RESTRICT sets the default
+value of dmesg_restrict.
+
+==============================================================
+
domainname & hostname:
These files can be used to set the NIS/YP domainname and the
diff --git a/Documentation/sysctl/vm.txt b/Documentation/sysctl/vm.txt
index b606c2c4dd3..30289fab86e 100644
--- a/Documentation/sysctl/vm.txt
+++ b/Documentation/sysctl/vm.txt
@@ -80,8 +80,10 @@ dirty_background_bytes
Contains the amount of dirty memory at which the pdflush background writeback
daemon will start writeback.
-If dirty_background_bytes is written, dirty_background_ratio becomes a function
-of its value (dirty_background_bytes / the amount of dirtyable system memory).
+Note: dirty_background_bytes is the counterpart of dirty_background_ratio. Only
+one of them may be specified at a time. When one sysctl is written it is
+immediately taken into account to evaluate the dirty memory limits and the
+other appears as 0 when read.
==============================================================
@@ -97,8 +99,10 @@ dirty_bytes
Contains the amount of dirty memory at which a process generating disk writes
will itself start writeback.
-If dirty_bytes is written, dirty_ratio becomes a function of its value
-(dirty_bytes / the amount of dirtyable system memory).
+Note: dirty_bytes is the counterpart of dirty_ratio. Only one of them may be
+specified at a time. When one sysctl is written it is immediately taken into
+account to evaluate the dirty memory limits and the other appears as 0 when
+read.
Note: the minimum value allowed for dirty_bytes is two pages (in bytes); any
value lower than this limit will be ignored and the old configuration will be
diff --git a/Documentation/sysrq.txt b/Documentation/sysrq.txt
index 5c17196c8fe..312e3754e8c 100644
--- a/Documentation/sysrq.txt
+++ b/Documentation/sysrq.txt
@@ -75,7 +75,7 @@ On all - write a character to /proc/sysrq-trigger. e.g.:
'f' - Will call oom_kill to kill a memory hog process.
-'g' - Used by kgdb on ppc and sh platforms.
+'g' - Used by kgdb (kernel debugger)
'h' - Will display help (actually any other key than those listed
here will display help. but 'h' is easy to remember :-)
@@ -110,12 +110,15 @@ On all - write a character to /proc/sysrq-trigger. e.g.:
'u' - Will attempt to remount all mounted filesystems read-only.
-'v' - Dumps Voyager SMP processor info to your console.
+'v' - Forcefully restores framebuffer console
+'v' - Causes ETM buffer dump [ARM-specific]
'w' - Dumps tasks that are in uninterruptable (blocked) state.
'x' - Used by xmon interface on ppc/powerpc platforms.
+'y' - Show global CPU Registers [SPARC-64 specific]
+
'z' - Dump the ftrace buffer
'0'-'9' - Sets the console log level, controlling which kernel messages
diff --git a/Documentation/timers/hpet_example.c b/Documentation/timers/hpet_example.c
index 4bfafb7bc4c..9a3e7012c19 100644
--- a/Documentation/timers/hpet_example.c
+++ b/Documentation/timers/hpet_example.c
@@ -97,6 +97,33 @@ hpet_open_close(int argc, const char **argv)
void
hpet_info(int argc, const char **argv)
{
+ struct hpet_info info;
+ int fd;
+
+ if (argc != 1) {
+ fprintf(stderr, "hpet_info: device-name\n");
+ return;
+ }
+
+ fd = open(argv[0], O_RDONLY);
+ if (fd < 0) {
+ fprintf(stderr, "hpet_info: open of %s failed\n", argv[0]);
+ return;
+ }
+
+ if (ioctl(fd, HPET_INFO, &info) < 0) {
+ fprintf(stderr, "hpet_info: failed to get info\n");
+ goto out;
+ }
+
+ fprintf(stderr, "hpet_info: hi_irqfreq 0x%lx hi_flags 0x%lx ",
+ info.hi_ireqfreq, info.hi_flags);
+ fprintf(stderr, "hi_hpet %d hi_timer %d\n",
+ info.hi_hpet, info.hi_timer);
+
+out:
+ close(fd);
+ return;
}
void
diff --git a/Documentation/trace/postprocess/trace-vmscan-postprocess.pl b/Documentation/trace/postprocess/trace-vmscan-postprocess.pl
index 1b55146d1c8..b3e73ddb156 100644
--- a/Documentation/trace/postprocess/trace-vmscan-postprocess.pl
+++ b/Documentation/trace/postprocess/trace-vmscan-postprocess.pl
@@ -46,7 +46,7 @@ use constant HIGH_KSWAPD_LATENCY => 20;
use constant HIGH_KSWAPD_REWAKEUP => 21;
use constant HIGH_NR_SCANNED => 22;
use constant HIGH_NR_TAKEN => 23;
-use constant HIGH_NR_RECLAIM => 24;
+use constant HIGH_NR_RECLAIMED => 24;
use constant HIGH_NR_CONTIG_DIRTY => 25;
my %perprocesspid;
@@ -58,11 +58,13 @@ my $opt_read_procstat;
my $total_wakeup_kswapd;
my ($total_direct_reclaim, $total_direct_nr_scanned);
my ($total_direct_latency, $total_kswapd_latency);
+my ($total_direct_nr_reclaimed);
my ($total_direct_writepage_file_sync, $total_direct_writepage_file_async);
my ($total_direct_writepage_anon_sync, $total_direct_writepage_anon_async);
my ($total_kswapd_nr_scanned, $total_kswapd_wake);
my ($total_kswapd_writepage_file_sync, $total_kswapd_writepage_file_async);
my ($total_kswapd_writepage_anon_sync, $total_kswapd_writepage_anon_async);
+my ($total_kswapd_nr_reclaimed);
# Catch sigint and exit on request
my $sigint_report = 0;
@@ -104,7 +106,7 @@ my $regex_kswapd_wake_default = 'nid=([0-9]*) order=([0-9]*)';
my $regex_kswapd_sleep_default = 'nid=([0-9]*)';
my $regex_wakeup_kswapd_default = 'nid=([0-9]*) zid=([0-9]*) order=([0-9]*)';
my $regex_lru_isolate_default = 'isolate_mode=([0-9]*) order=([0-9]*) nr_requested=([0-9]*) nr_scanned=([0-9]*) nr_taken=([0-9]*) contig_taken=([0-9]*) contig_dirty=([0-9]*) contig_failed=([0-9]*)';
-my $regex_lru_shrink_inactive_default = 'lru=([A-Z_]*) nr_scanned=([0-9]*) nr_reclaimed=([0-9]*) priority=([0-9]*)';
+my $regex_lru_shrink_inactive_default = 'nid=([0-9]*) zid=([0-9]*) nr_scanned=([0-9]*) nr_reclaimed=([0-9]*) priority=([0-9]*) flags=([A-Z_|]*)';
my $regex_lru_shrink_active_default = 'lru=([A-Z_]*) nr_scanned=([0-9]*) nr_rotated=([0-9]*) priority=([0-9]*)';
my $regex_writepage_default = 'page=([0-9a-f]*) pfn=([0-9]*) flags=([A-Z_|]*)';
@@ -203,8 +205,8 @@ $regex_lru_shrink_inactive = generate_traceevent_regex(
"vmscan/mm_vmscan_lru_shrink_inactive",
$regex_lru_shrink_inactive_default,
"nid", "zid",
- "lru",
- "nr_scanned", "nr_reclaimed", "priority");
+ "nr_scanned", "nr_reclaimed", "priority",
+ "flags");
$regex_lru_shrink_active = generate_traceevent_regex(
"vmscan/mm_vmscan_lru_shrink_active",
$regex_lru_shrink_active_default,
@@ -375,6 +377,16 @@ EVENT_PROCESS:
my $nr_contig_dirty = $7;
$perprocesspid{$process_pid}->{HIGH_NR_SCANNED} += $nr_scanned;
$perprocesspid{$process_pid}->{HIGH_NR_CONTIG_DIRTY} += $nr_contig_dirty;
+ } elsif ($tracepoint eq "mm_vmscan_lru_shrink_inactive") {
+ $details = $5;
+ if ($details !~ /$regex_lru_shrink_inactive/o) {
+ print "WARNING: Failed to parse mm_vmscan_lru_shrink_inactive as expected\n";
+ print " $details\n";
+ print " $regex_lru_shrink_inactive/o\n";
+ next;
+ }
+ my $nr_reclaimed = $4;
+ $perprocesspid{$process_pid}->{HIGH_NR_RECLAIMED} += $nr_reclaimed;
} elsif ($tracepoint eq "mm_vmscan_writepage") {
$details = $5;
if ($details !~ /$regex_writepage/o) {
@@ -464,8 +476,8 @@ sub dump_stats {
# Print out process activity
printf("\n");
- printf("%-" . $max_strlen . "s %8s %10s %8s %8s %8s %8s %8s\n", "Process", "Direct", "Wokeup", "Pages", "Pages", "Pages", "Time");
- printf("%-" . $max_strlen . "s %8s %10s %8s %8s %8s %8s %8s\n", "details", "Rclms", "Kswapd", "Scanned", "Sync-IO", "ASync-IO", "Stalled");
+ printf("%-" . $max_strlen . "s %8s %10s %8s %8s %8s %8s %8s %8s\n", "Process", "Direct", "Wokeup", "Pages", "Pages", "Pages", "Pages", "Time");
+ printf("%-" . $max_strlen . "s %8s %10s %8s %8s %8s %8s %8s %8s\n", "details", "Rclms", "Kswapd", "Scanned", "Rclmed", "Sync-IO", "ASync-IO", "Stalled");
foreach $process_pid (keys %stats) {
if (!$stats{$process_pid}->{MM_VMSCAN_DIRECT_RECLAIM_BEGIN}) {
@@ -475,6 +487,7 @@ sub dump_stats {
$total_direct_reclaim += $stats{$process_pid}->{MM_VMSCAN_DIRECT_RECLAIM_BEGIN};
$total_wakeup_kswapd += $stats{$process_pid}->{MM_VMSCAN_WAKEUP_KSWAPD};
$total_direct_nr_scanned += $stats{$process_pid}->{HIGH_NR_SCANNED};
+ $total_direct_nr_reclaimed += $stats{$process_pid}->{HIGH_NR_RECLAIMED};
$total_direct_writepage_file_sync += $stats{$process_pid}->{MM_VMSCAN_WRITEPAGE_FILE_SYNC};
$total_direct_writepage_anon_sync += $stats{$process_pid}->{MM_VMSCAN_WRITEPAGE_ANON_SYNC};
$total_direct_writepage_file_async += $stats{$process_pid}->{MM_VMSCAN_WRITEPAGE_FILE_ASYNC};
@@ -489,11 +502,12 @@ sub dump_stats {
$index++;
}
- printf("%-" . $max_strlen . "s %8d %10d %8u %8u %8u %8.3f",
+ printf("%-" . $max_strlen . "s %8d %10d %8u %8u %8u %8u %8.3f",
$process_pid,
$stats{$process_pid}->{MM_VMSCAN_DIRECT_RECLAIM_BEGIN},
$stats{$process_pid}->{MM_VMSCAN_WAKEUP_KSWAPD},
$stats{$process_pid}->{HIGH_NR_SCANNED},
+ $stats{$process_pid}->{HIGH_NR_RECLAIMED},
$stats{$process_pid}->{MM_VMSCAN_WRITEPAGE_FILE_SYNC} + $stats{$process_pid}->{MM_VMSCAN_WRITEPAGE_ANON_SYNC},
$stats{$process_pid}->{MM_VMSCAN_WRITEPAGE_FILE_ASYNC} + $stats{$process_pid}->{MM_VMSCAN_WRITEPAGE_ANON_ASYNC},
$this_reclaim_delay / 1000);
@@ -529,8 +543,8 @@ sub dump_stats {
# Print out kswapd activity
printf("\n");
- printf("%-" . $max_strlen . "s %8s %10s %8s %8s %8s %8s\n", "Kswapd", "Kswapd", "Order", "Pages", "Pages", "Pages");
- printf("%-" . $max_strlen . "s %8s %10s %8s %8s %8s %8s\n", "Instance", "Wakeups", "Re-wakeup", "Scanned", "Sync-IO", "ASync-IO");
+ printf("%-" . $max_strlen . "s %8s %10s %8s %8s %8s %8s\n", "Kswapd", "Kswapd", "Order", "Pages", "Pages", "Pages", "Pages");
+ printf("%-" . $max_strlen . "s %8s %10s %8s %8s %8s %8s\n", "Instance", "Wakeups", "Re-wakeup", "Scanned", "Rclmed", "Sync-IO", "ASync-IO");
foreach $process_pid (keys %stats) {
if (!$stats{$process_pid}->{MM_VMSCAN_KSWAPD_WAKE}) {
@@ -539,16 +553,18 @@ sub dump_stats {
$total_kswapd_wake += $stats{$process_pid}->{MM_VMSCAN_KSWAPD_WAKE};
$total_kswapd_nr_scanned += $stats{$process_pid}->{HIGH_NR_SCANNED};
+ $total_kswapd_nr_reclaimed += $stats{$process_pid}->{HIGH_NR_RECLAIMED};
$total_kswapd_writepage_file_sync += $stats{$process_pid}->{MM_VMSCAN_WRITEPAGE_FILE_SYNC};
$total_kswapd_writepage_anon_sync += $stats{$process_pid}->{MM_VMSCAN_WRITEPAGE_ANON_SYNC};
$total_kswapd_writepage_file_async += $stats{$process_pid}->{MM_VMSCAN_WRITEPAGE_FILE_ASYNC};
$total_kswapd_writepage_anon_async += $stats{$process_pid}->{MM_VMSCAN_WRITEPAGE_ANON_ASYNC};
- printf("%-" . $max_strlen . "s %8d %10d %8u %8i %8u",
+ printf("%-" . $max_strlen . "s %8d %10d %8u %8u %8i %8u",
$process_pid,
$stats{$process_pid}->{MM_VMSCAN_KSWAPD_WAKE},
$stats{$process_pid}->{HIGH_KSWAPD_REWAKEUP},
$stats{$process_pid}->{HIGH_NR_SCANNED},
+ $stats{$process_pid}->{HIGH_NR_RECLAIMED},
$stats{$process_pid}->{MM_VMSCAN_WRITEPAGE_FILE_SYNC} + $stats{$process_pid}->{MM_VMSCAN_WRITEPAGE_ANON_SYNC},
$stats{$process_pid}->{MM_VMSCAN_WRITEPAGE_FILE_ASYNC} + $stats{$process_pid}->{MM_VMSCAN_WRITEPAGE_ANON_ASYNC});
@@ -579,6 +595,7 @@ sub dump_stats {
print "\nSummary\n";
print "Direct reclaims: $total_direct_reclaim\n";
print "Direct reclaim pages scanned: $total_direct_nr_scanned\n";
+ print "Direct reclaim pages reclaimed: $total_direct_nr_reclaimed\n";
print "Direct reclaim write file sync I/O: $total_direct_writepage_file_sync\n";
print "Direct reclaim write anon sync I/O: $total_direct_writepage_anon_sync\n";
print "Direct reclaim write file async I/O: $total_direct_writepage_file_async\n";
@@ -588,6 +605,7 @@ sub dump_stats {
print "\n";
print "Kswapd wakeups: $total_kswapd_wake\n";
print "Kswapd pages scanned: $total_kswapd_nr_scanned\n";
+ print "Kswapd pages reclaimed: $total_kswapd_nr_reclaimed\n";
print "Kswapd reclaim write file sync I/O: $total_kswapd_writepage_file_sync\n";
print "Kswapd reclaim write anon sync I/O: $total_kswapd_writepage_anon_sync\n";
print "Kswapd reclaim write file async I/O: $total_kswapd_writepage_file_async\n";
@@ -612,6 +630,7 @@ sub aggregate_perprocesspid() {
$perprocess{$process}->{MM_VMSCAN_WAKEUP_KSWAPD} += $perprocesspid{$process_pid}->{MM_VMSCAN_WAKEUP_KSWAPD};
$perprocess{$process}->{HIGH_KSWAPD_REWAKEUP} += $perprocesspid{$process_pid}->{HIGH_KSWAPD_REWAKEUP};
$perprocess{$process}->{HIGH_NR_SCANNED} += $perprocesspid{$process_pid}->{HIGH_NR_SCANNED};
+ $perprocess{$process}->{HIGH_NR_RECLAIMED} += $perprocesspid{$process_pid}->{HIGH_NR_RECLAIMED};
$perprocess{$process}->{MM_VMSCAN_WRITEPAGE_FILE_SYNC} += $perprocesspid{$process_pid}->{MM_VMSCAN_WRITEPAGE_FILE_SYNC};
$perprocess{$process}->{MM_VMSCAN_WRITEPAGE_ANON_SYNC} += $perprocesspid{$process_pid}->{MM_VMSCAN_WRITEPAGE_ANON_SYNC};
$perprocess{$process}->{MM_VMSCAN_WRITEPAGE_FILE_ASYNC} += $perprocesspid{$process_pid}->{MM_VMSCAN_WRITEPAGE_FILE_ASYNC};
diff --git a/Documentation/video4linux/CARDLIST.cx88 b/Documentation/video4linux/CARDLIST.cx88
index f2510541373..42517d9121d 100644
--- a/Documentation/video4linux/CARDLIST.cx88
+++ b/Documentation/video4linux/CARDLIST.cx88
@@ -83,3 +83,4 @@
82 -> WinFast DTV2000 H rev. J [107d:6f2b]
83 -> Prof 7301 DVB-S/S2 [b034:3034]
84 -> Samsung SMT 7020 DVB-S [18ac:dc00,18ac:dccd]
+ 85 -> Twinhan VP-1027 DVB-S [1822:0023]
diff --git a/Documentation/video4linux/CARDLIST.em28xx b/Documentation/video4linux/CARDLIST.em28xx
index 5c568757c30..ac2616a62fc 100644
--- a/Documentation/video4linux/CARDLIST.em28xx
+++ b/Documentation/video4linux/CARDLIST.em28xx
@@ -31,6 +31,7 @@
30 -> Videology 20K14XUSB USB2.0 (em2820/em2840)
31 -> Usbgear VD204v9 (em2821)
32 -> Supercomp USB 2.0 TV (em2821)
+ 33 -> Elgato Video Capture (em2860) [0fd9:0033]
34 -> Terratec Cinergy A Hybrid XS (em2860) [0ccd:004f]
35 -> Typhoon DVD Maker (em2860)
36 -> NetGMBH Cam (em2860)
@@ -45,7 +46,7 @@
45 -> Pinnacle PCTV DVB-T (em2870)
46 -> Compro, VideoMate U3 (em2870) [185b:2870]
47 -> KWorld DVB-T 305U (em2880) [eb1a:e305]
- 48 -> KWorld DVB-T 310U (em2880) [eb1a:e310]
+ 48 -> KWorld DVB-T 310U (em2880)
49 -> MSI DigiVox A/D (em2880) [eb1a:e310]
50 -> MSI DigiVox A/D II (em2880) [eb1a:e320]
51 -> Terratec Hybrid XS Secam (em2880) [0ccd:004c]
diff --git a/Documentation/video4linux/CARDLIST.saa7134 b/Documentation/video4linux/CARDLIST.saa7134
index 4000c29fcfb..8d9afc7d801 100644
--- a/Documentation/video4linux/CARDLIST.saa7134
+++ b/Documentation/video4linux/CARDLIST.saa7134
@@ -126,7 +126,7 @@
125 -> Beholder BeholdTV 409 [0000:4090]
126 -> Beholder BeholdTV 505 FM [5ace:5050]
127 -> Beholder BeholdTV 507 FM / BeholdTV 509 FM [5ace:5070,5ace:5090]
-128 -> Beholder BeholdTV Columbus TVFM [0000:5201]
+128 -> Beholder BeholdTV Columbus TV/FM [0000:5201]
129 -> Beholder BeholdTV 607 FM [5ace:6070]
130 -> Beholder BeholdTV M6 [5ace:6190]
131 -> Twinhan Hybrid DTV-DVB 3056 PCI [1822:0022]
diff --git a/Documentation/video4linux/bttv/MAKEDEV b/Documentation/video4linux/bttv/MAKEDEV
index 9d112f7fd5f..093c0cd1804 100644
--- a/Documentation/video4linux/bttv/MAKEDEV
+++ b/Documentation/video4linux/bttv/MAKEDEV
@@ -19,7 +19,6 @@ function makedev () {
echo "*** new device names ***"
makedev video 0
makedev radio 64
-makedev vtx 192
makedev vbi 224
#echo "*** old device names (for compatibility only) ***"
diff --git a/Documentation/video4linux/gspca.txt b/Documentation/video4linux/gspca.txt
index 56ba7bba716..6a562eeeb4c 100644
--- a/Documentation/video4linux/gspca.txt
+++ b/Documentation/video4linux/gspca.txt
@@ -302,12 +302,14 @@ sonixj 0c45:60fb Surfer NoName
sonixj 0c45:60fc LG-LIC300
sonixj 0c45:60fe Microdia Audio
sonixj 0c45:6100 PC Camera (SN9C128)
+sonixj 0c45:6102 PC Camera (SN9C128)
sonixj 0c45:610a PC Camera (SN9C128)
sonixj 0c45:610b PC Camera (SN9C128)
sonixj 0c45:610c PC Camera (SN9C128)
sonixj 0c45:610e PC Camera (SN9C128)
sonixj 0c45:6128 Microdia/Sonix SNP325
sonixj 0c45:612a Avant Camera
+sonixj 0c45:612b Speed-Link REFLECT2
sonixj 0c45:612c Typhoon Rasy Cam 1.3MPix
sonixj 0c45:6130 Sonix Pccam
sonixj 0c45:6138 Sn9c120 Mo4000
diff --git a/Documentation/video4linux/v4l2-framework.txt b/Documentation/video4linux/v4l2-framework.txt
index e831aaca66f..f22f35c271f 100644
--- a/Documentation/video4linux/v4l2-framework.txt
+++ b/Documentation/video4linux/v4l2-framework.txt
@@ -44,8 +44,8 @@ All drivers have the following structure:
2) A way of initializing and commanding sub-devices (if any).
-3) Creating V4L2 device nodes (/dev/videoX, /dev/vbiX, /dev/radioX and
- /dev/vtxX) and keeping track of device-node specific data.
+3) Creating V4L2 device nodes (/dev/videoX, /dev/vbiX and /dev/radioX)
+ and keeping track of device-node specific data.
4) Filehandle-specific structs containing per-filehandle data;
@@ -192,6 +192,11 @@ You also need a way to go from the low-level struct to v4l2_subdev. For the
common i2c_client struct the i2c_set_clientdata() call is used to store a
v4l2_subdev pointer, for other busses you may have to use other methods.
+Bridges might also need to store per-subdev private data, such as a pointer to
+bridge-specific per-subdev private data. The v4l2_subdev structure provides
+host private data for that purpose that can be accessed with
+v4l2_get_subdev_hostdata() and v4l2_set_subdev_hostdata().
+
From the bridge driver perspective you load the sub-device module and somehow
obtain the v4l2_subdev pointer. For i2c devices this is easy: you call
i2c_get_clientdata(). For other busses something similar needs to be done.
@@ -448,6 +453,10 @@ You should also set these fields:
- ioctl_ops: if you use the v4l2_ioctl_ops to simplify ioctl maintenance
(highly recommended to use this and it might become compulsory in the
future!), then set this to your v4l2_ioctl_ops struct.
+- lock: leave to NULL if you want to do all the locking in the driver.
+ Otherwise you give it a pointer to a struct mutex_lock and before any
+ of the v4l2_file_operations is called this lock will be taken by the
+ core and released afterwards.
- parent: you only set this if v4l2_device was registered with NULL as
the parent device struct. This only happens in cases where one hardware
device has multiple PCI devices that all share the same v4l2_device core.
@@ -464,6 +473,22 @@ If you use v4l2_ioctl_ops, then you should set either .unlocked_ioctl or
The v4l2_file_operations struct is a subset of file_operations. The main
difference is that the inode argument is omitted since it is never used.
+v4l2_file_operations and locking
+--------------------------------
+
+You can set a pointer to a mutex_lock in struct video_device. Usually this
+will be either a top-level mutex or a mutex per device node. If you want
+finer-grained locking then you have to set it to NULL and do you own locking.
+
+If a lock is specified then all file operations will be serialized on that
+lock. If you use videobuf then you must pass the same lock to the videobuf
+queue initialize function: if videobuf has to wait for a frame to arrive, then
+it will temporarily unlock the lock and relock it afterwards. If your driver
+also waits in the code, then you should do the same to allow other processes
+to access the device node while the first process is waiting for something.
+
+The implementation of a hotplug disconnect should also take the lock before
+calling v4l2_device_disconnect.
video_device registration
-------------------------
@@ -483,7 +508,6 @@ types exist:
VFL_TYPE_GRABBER: videoX for video input/output devices
VFL_TYPE_VBI: vbiX for vertical blank data (i.e. closed captions, teletext)
VFL_TYPE_RADIO: radioX for radio tuners
-VFL_TYPE_VTX: vtxX for teletext devices (deprecated, don't use)
The last argument gives you a certain amount of control over the device
device node number used (i.e. the X in videoX). Normally you will pass -1
@@ -547,9 +571,8 @@ from /dev).
After video_unregister_device() returns no new opens can be done. However,
in the case of USB devices some application might still have one of these
-device nodes open. So after the unregister all file operations will return
-an error as well, except for the ioctl and unlocked_ioctl file operations:
-those will still be passed on since some buffer ioctls may still be needed.
+device nodes open. So after the unregister all file operations (except
+release, of course) will return an error as well.
When the last user of the video device node exits, then the vdev->release()
callback is called and you can do the final cleanup there.
diff --git a/Documentation/vm/highmem.txt b/Documentation/vm/highmem.txt
new file mode 100644
index 00000000000..4324d24ffac
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/vm/highmem.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,162 @@
+
+ ====================
+ HIGH MEMORY HANDLING
+ ====================
+
+By: Peter Zijlstra <a.p.zijlstra@chello.nl>
+
+Contents:
+
+ (*) What is high memory?
+
+ (*) Temporary virtual mappings.
+
+ (*) Using kmap_atomic.
+
+ (*) Cost of temporary mappings.
+
+ (*) i386 PAE.
+
+
+====================
+WHAT IS HIGH MEMORY?
+====================
+
+High memory (highmem) is used when the size of physical memory approaches or
+exceeds the maximum size of virtual memory. At that point it becomes
+impossible for the kernel to keep all of the available physical memory mapped
+at all times. This means the kernel needs to start using temporary mappings of
+the pieces of physical memory that it wants to access.
+
+The part of (physical) memory not covered by a permanent mapping is what we
+refer to as 'highmem'. There are various architecture dependent constraints on
+where exactly that border lies.
+
+In the i386 arch, for example, we choose to map the kernel into every process's
+VM space so that we don't have to pay the full TLB invalidation costs for
+kernel entry/exit. This means the available virtual memory space (4GiB on
+i386) has to be divided between user and kernel space.
+
+The traditional split for architectures using this approach is 3:1, 3GiB for
+userspace and the top 1GiB for kernel space:
+
+ +--------+ 0xffffffff
+ | Kernel |
+ +--------+ 0xc0000000
+ | |
+ | User |
+ | |
+ +--------+ 0x00000000
+
+This means that the kernel can at most map 1GiB of physical memory at any one
+time, but because we need virtual address space for other things - including
+temporary maps to access the rest of the physical memory - the actual direct
+map will typically be less (usually around ~896MiB).
+
+Other architectures that have mm context tagged TLBs can have separate kernel
+and user maps. Some hardware (like some ARMs), however, have limited virtual
+space when they use mm context tags.
+
+
+==========================
+TEMPORARY VIRTUAL MAPPINGS
+==========================
+
+The kernel contains several ways of creating temporary mappings:
+
+ (*) vmap(). This can be used to make a long duration mapping of multiple
+ physical pages into a contiguous virtual space. It needs global
+ synchronization to unmap.
+
+ (*) kmap(). This permits a short duration mapping of a single page. It needs
+ global synchronization, but is amortized somewhat. It is also prone to
+ deadlocks when using in a nested fashion, and so it is not recommended for
+ new code.
+
+ (*) kmap_atomic(). This permits a very short duration mapping of a single
+ page. Since the mapping is restricted to the CPU that issued it, it
+ performs well, but the issuing task is therefore required to stay on that
+ CPU until it has finished, lest some other task displace its mappings.
+
+ kmap_atomic() may also be used by interrupt contexts, since it is does not
+ sleep and the caller may not sleep until after kunmap_atomic() is called.
+
+ It may be assumed that k[un]map_atomic() won't fail.
+
+
+=================
+USING KMAP_ATOMIC
+=================
+
+When and where to use kmap_atomic() is straightforward. It is used when code
+wants to access the contents of a page that might be allocated from high memory
+(see __GFP_HIGHMEM), for example a page in the pagecache. The API has two
+functions, and they can be used in a manner similar to the following:
+
+ /* Find the page of interest. */
+ struct page *page = find_get_page(mapping, offset);
+
+ /* Gain access to the contents of that page. */
+ void *vaddr = kmap_atomic(page);
+
+ /* Do something to the contents of that page. */
+ memset(vaddr, 0, PAGE_SIZE);
+
+ /* Unmap that page. */
+ kunmap_atomic(vaddr);
+
+Note that the kunmap_atomic() call takes the result of the kmap_atomic() call
+not the argument.
+
+If you need to map two pages because you want to copy from one page to
+another you need to keep the kmap_atomic calls strictly nested, like:
+
+ vaddr1 = kmap_atomic(page1);
+ vaddr2 = kmap_atomic(page2);
+
+ memcpy(vaddr1, vaddr2, PAGE_SIZE);
+
+ kunmap_atomic(vaddr2);
+ kunmap_atomic(vaddr1);
+
+
+==========================
+COST OF TEMPORARY MAPPINGS
+==========================
+
+The cost of creating temporary mappings can be quite high. The arch has to
+manipulate the kernel's page tables, the data TLB and/or the MMU's registers.
+
+If CONFIG_HIGHMEM is not set, then the kernel will try and create a mapping
+simply with a bit of arithmetic that will convert the page struct address into
+a pointer to the page contents rather than juggling mappings about. In such a
+case, the unmap operation may be a null operation.
+
+If CONFIG_MMU is not set, then there can be no temporary mappings and no
+highmem. In such a case, the arithmetic approach will also be used.
+
+
+========
+i386 PAE
+========
+
+The i386 arch, under some circumstances, will permit you to stick up to 64GiB
+of RAM into your 32-bit machine. This has a number of consequences:
+
+ (*) Linux needs a page-frame structure for each page in the system and the
+ pageframes need to live in the permanent mapping, which means:
+
+ (*) you can have 896M/sizeof(struct page) page-frames at most; with struct
+ page being 32-bytes that would end up being something in the order of 112G
+ worth of pages; the kernel, however, needs to store more than just
+ page-frames in that memory...
+
+ (*) PAE makes your page tables larger - which slows the system down as more
+ data has to be accessed to traverse in TLB fills and the like. One
+ advantage is that PAE has more PTE bits and can provide advanced features
+ like NX and PAT.
+
+The general recommendation is that you don't use more than 8GiB on a 32-bit
+machine - although more might work for you and your workload, you're pretty
+much on your own - don't expect kernel developers to really care much if things
+come apart.