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-rw-r--r--Documentation/power/runtime_pm.txt93
1 files changed, 93 insertions, 0 deletions
diff --git a/Documentation/power/runtime_pm.txt b/Documentation/power/runtime_pm.txt
index 8602e15212d..55b859b3bc7 100644
--- a/Documentation/power/runtime_pm.txt
+++ b/Documentation/power/runtime_pm.txt
@@ -224,6 +224,12 @@ defined in include/linux/pm.h:
RPM_SUSPENDED, which means that each device is initially regarded by the
PM core as 'suspended', regardless of its real hardware status
+ unsigned int runtime_auto;
+ - if set, indicates that the user space has allowed the device driver to
+ power manage the device at run time via the /sys/devices/.../power/control
+ interface; it may only be modified with the help of the pm_runtime_allow()
+ and pm_runtime_forbid() helper functions
+
All of the above fields are members of the 'power' member of 'struct device'.
4. Run-time PM Device Helper Functions
@@ -329,6 +335,20 @@ drivers/base/power/runtime.c and include/linux/pm_runtime.h:
'power.runtime_error' is set or 'power.disable_depth' is greater than
zero)
+ bool pm_runtime_suspended(struct device *dev);
+ - return true if the device's runtime PM status is 'suspended', or false
+ otherwise
+
+ void pm_runtime_allow(struct device *dev);
+ - set the power.runtime_auto flag for the device and decrease its usage
+ counter (used by the /sys/devices/.../power/control interface to
+ effectively allow the device to be power managed at run time)
+
+ void pm_runtime_forbid(struct device *dev);
+ - unset the power.runtime_auto flag for the device and increase its usage
+ counter (used by the /sys/devices/.../power/control interface to
+ effectively prevent the device from being power managed at run time)
+
It is safe to execute the following helper functions from interrupt context:
pm_request_idle()
@@ -382,6 +402,18 @@ may be desirable to suspend the device as soon as ->probe() or ->remove() has
finished, so the PM core uses pm_runtime_idle_sync() to invoke the
subsystem-level idle callback for the device at that time.
+The user space can effectively disallow the driver of the device to power manage
+it at run time by changing the value of its /sys/devices/.../power/control
+attribute to "on", which causes pm_runtime_forbid() to be called. In principle,
+this mechanism may also be used by the driver to effectively turn off the
+run-time power management of the device until the user space turns it on.
+Namely, during the initialization the driver can make sure that the run-time PM
+status of the device is 'active' and call pm_runtime_forbid(). It should be
+noted, however, that if the user space has already intentionally changed the
+value of /sys/devices/.../power/control to "auto" to allow the driver to power
+manage the device at run time, the driver may confuse it by using
+pm_runtime_forbid() this way.
+
6. Run-time PM and System Sleep
Run-time PM and system sleep (i.e., system suspend and hibernation, also known
@@ -431,3 +463,64 @@ The PM core always increments the run-time usage counter before calling the
->prepare() callback and decrements it after calling the ->complete() callback.
Hence disabling run-time PM temporarily like this will not cause any run-time
suspend callbacks to be lost.
+
+7. Generic subsystem callbacks
+
+Subsystems may wish to conserve code space by using the set of generic power
+management callbacks provided by the PM core, defined in
+driver/base/power/generic_ops.c:
+
+ int pm_generic_runtime_idle(struct device *dev);
+ - invoke the ->runtime_idle() callback provided by the driver of this
+ device, if defined, and call pm_runtime_suspend() for this device if the
+ return value is 0 or the callback is not defined
+
+ int pm_generic_runtime_suspend(struct device *dev);
+ - invoke the ->runtime_suspend() callback provided by the driver of this
+ device and return its result, or return -EINVAL if not defined
+
+ int pm_generic_runtime_resume(struct device *dev);
+ - invoke the ->runtime_resume() callback provided by the driver of this
+ device and return its result, or return -EINVAL if not defined
+
+ int pm_generic_suspend(struct device *dev);
+ - if the device has not been suspended at run time, invoke the ->suspend()
+ callback provided by its driver and return its result, or return 0 if not
+ defined
+
+ int pm_generic_resume(struct device *dev);
+ - invoke the ->resume() callback provided by the driver of this device and,
+ if successful, change the device's runtime PM status to 'active'
+
+ int pm_generic_freeze(struct device *dev);
+ - if the device has not been suspended at run time, invoke the ->freeze()
+ callback provided by its driver and return its result, or return 0 if not
+ defined
+
+ int pm_generic_thaw(struct device *dev);
+ - if the device has not been suspended at run time, invoke the ->thaw()
+ callback provided by its driver and return its result, or return 0 if not
+ defined
+
+ int pm_generic_poweroff(struct device *dev);
+ - if the device has not been suspended at run time, invoke the ->poweroff()
+ callback provided by its driver and return its result, or return 0 if not
+ defined
+
+ int pm_generic_restore(struct device *dev);
+ - invoke the ->restore() callback provided by the driver of this device and,
+ if successful, change the device's runtime PM status to 'active'
+
+These functions can be assigned to the ->runtime_idle(), ->runtime_suspend(),
+->runtime_resume(), ->suspend(), ->resume(), ->freeze(), ->thaw(), ->poweroff(),
+or ->restore() callback pointers in the subsystem-level dev_pm_ops structures.
+
+If a subsystem wishes to use all of them at the same time, it can simply assign
+the GENERIC_SUBSYS_PM_OPS macro, defined in include/linux/pm.h, to its
+dev_pm_ops structure pointer.
+
+Device drivers that wish to use the same function as a system suspend, freeze,
+poweroff and run-time suspend callback, and similarly for system resume, thaw,
+restore, and run-time resume, can achieve this with the help of the
+UNIVERSAL_DEV_PM_OPS macro defined in include/linux/pm.h (possibly setting its
+last argument to NULL).