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-rw-r--r--Documentation/keys.txt19
-rw-r--r--include/linux/key.h5
-rw-r--r--security/keys/Makefile1
-rw-r--r--security/keys/gc.c193
-rw-r--r--security/keys/internal.h4
-rw-r--r--security/keys/key.c14
-rw-r--r--security/keys/keyctl.c1
-rw-r--r--security/keys/keyring.c85
-rw-r--r--security/keys/sysctl.c28
9 files changed, 344 insertions, 6 deletions
diff --git a/Documentation/keys.txt b/Documentation/keys.txt
index b56aacc1fff..203487e9b1d 100644
--- a/Documentation/keys.txt
+++ b/Documentation/keys.txt
@@ -26,7 +26,7 @@ This document has the following sections:
- Notes on accessing payload contents
- Defining a key type
- Request-key callback service
- - Key access filesystem
+ - Garbage collection
============
@@ -113,6 +113,9 @@ Each key has a number of attributes:
(*) Dead. The key's type was unregistered, and so the key is now useless.
+Keys in the last three states are subject to garbage collection. See the
+section on "Garbage collection".
+
====================
KEY SERVICE OVERVIEW
@@ -1231,3 +1234,17 @@ by executing:
In this case, the program isn't required to actually attach the key to a ring;
the rings are provided for reference.
+
+
+==================
+GARBAGE COLLECTION
+==================
+
+Dead keys (for which the type has been removed) will be automatically unlinked
+from those keyrings that point to them and deleted as soon as possible by a
+background garbage collector.
+
+Similarly, revoked and expired keys will be garbage collected, but only after a
+certain amount of time has passed. This time is set as a number of seconds in:
+
+ /proc/sys/kernel/keys/gc_delay
diff --git a/include/linux/key.h b/include/linux/key.h
index e544f466d69..33e0165de10 100644
--- a/include/linux/key.h
+++ b/include/linux/key.h
@@ -129,7 +129,10 @@ struct key {
struct rw_semaphore sem; /* change vs change sem */
struct key_user *user; /* owner of this key */
void *security; /* security data for this key */
- time_t expiry; /* time at which key expires (or 0) */
+ union {
+ time_t expiry; /* time at which key expires (or 0) */
+ time_t revoked_at; /* time at which key was revoked */
+ };
uid_t uid;
gid_t gid;
key_perm_t perm; /* access permissions */
diff --git a/security/keys/Makefile b/security/keys/Makefile
index 747a464943a..74d5447d7df 100644
--- a/security/keys/Makefile
+++ b/security/keys/Makefile
@@ -3,6 +3,7 @@
#
obj-y := \
+ gc.o \
key.o \
keyring.o \
keyctl.o \
diff --git a/security/keys/gc.c b/security/keys/gc.c
new file mode 100644
index 00000000000..44adc325e15
--- /dev/null
+++ b/security/keys/gc.c
@@ -0,0 +1,193 @@
+/* Key garbage collector
+ *
+ * Copyright (C) 2009 Red Hat, Inc. All Rights Reserved.
+ * Written by David Howells (dhowells@redhat.com)
+ *
+ * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
+ * modify it under the terms of the GNU General Public Licence
+ * as published by the Free Software Foundation; either version
+ * 2 of the Licence, or (at your option) any later version.
+ */
+
+#include <linux/module.h>
+#include <keys/keyring-type.h>
+#include "internal.h"
+
+/*
+ * Delay between key revocation/expiry in seconds
+ */
+unsigned key_gc_delay = 5 * 60;
+
+/*
+ * Reaper
+ */
+static void key_gc_timer_func(unsigned long);
+static void key_garbage_collector(struct work_struct *);
+static DEFINE_TIMER(key_gc_timer, key_gc_timer_func, 0, 0);
+static DECLARE_WORK(key_gc_work, key_garbage_collector);
+static key_serial_t key_gc_cursor; /* the last key the gc considered */
+static unsigned long key_gc_executing;
+static time_t key_gc_next_run = LONG_MAX;
+
+/*
+ * Schedule a garbage collection run
+ * - precision isn't particularly important
+ */
+void key_schedule_gc(time_t gc_at)
+{
+ unsigned long expires;
+ time_t now = current_kernel_time().tv_sec;
+
+ kenter("%ld", gc_at - now);
+
+ gc_at += key_gc_delay;
+
+ if (now >= gc_at) {
+ schedule_work(&key_gc_work);
+ } else if (gc_at < key_gc_next_run) {
+ expires = jiffies + (gc_at - now) * HZ;
+ mod_timer(&key_gc_timer, expires);
+ }
+}
+
+/*
+ * The garbage collector timer kicked off
+ */
+static void key_gc_timer_func(unsigned long data)
+{
+ kenter("");
+ key_gc_next_run = LONG_MAX;
+ schedule_work(&key_gc_work);
+}
+
+/*
+ * Garbage collect pointers from a keyring
+ * - return true if we altered the keyring
+ */
+static bool key_gc_keyring(struct key *keyring, time_t limit)
+{
+ struct keyring_list *klist;
+ struct key *key;
+ int loop;
+
+ kenter("%x", key_serial(keyring));
+
+ if (test_bit(KEY_FLAG_REVOKED, &keyring->flags))
+ goto dont_gc;
+
+ /* scan the keyring looking for dead keys */
+ klist = rcu_dereference(keyring->payload.subscriptions);
+ if (!klist)
+ goto dont_gc;
+
+ for (loop = klist->nkeys - 1; loop >= 0; loop--) {
+ key = klist->keys[loop];
+ if (test_bit(KEY_FLAG_DEAD, &key->flags) ||
+ (key->expiry > 0 && key->expiry <= limit))
+ goto do_gc;
+ }
+
+dont_gc:
+ kleave(" = false");
+ return false;
+
+do_gc:
+ key_gc_cursor = keyring->serial;
+ key_get(keyring);
+ spin_unlock(&key_serial_lock);
+ keyring_gc(keyring, limit);
+ key_put(keyring);
+ kleave(" = true");
+ return true;
+}
+
+/*
+ * Garbage collector for keys
+ * - this involves scanning the keyrings for dead, expired and revoked keys
+ * that have overstayed their welcome
+ */
+static void key_garbage_collector(struct work_struct *work)
+{
+ struct rb_node *rb;
+ key_serial_t cursor;
+ struct key *key, *xkey;
+ time_t new_timer = LONG_MAX, limit;
+
+ kenter("");
+
+ if (test_and_set_bit(0, &key_gc_executing)) {
+ key_schedule_gc(current_kernel_time().tv_sec);
+ return;
+ }
+
+ limit = current_kernel_time().tv_sec;
+ if (limit > key_gc_delay)
+ limit -= key_gc_delay;
+ else
+ limit = key_gc_delay;
+
+ spin_lock(&key_serial_lock);
+
+ if (RB_EMPTY_ROOT(&key_serial_tree))
+ goto reached_the_end;
+
+ cursor = key_gc_cursor;
+ if (cursor < 0)
+ cursor = 0;
+
+ /* find the first key above the cursor */
+ key = NULL;
+ rb = key_serial_tree.rb_node;
+ while (rb) {
+ xkey = rb_entry(rb, struct key, serial_node);
+ if (cursor < xkey->serial) {
+ key = xkey;
+ rb = rb->rb_left;
+ } else if (cursor > xkey->serial) {
+ rb = rb->rb_right;
+ } else {
+ rb = rb_next(rb);
+ if (!rb)
+ goto reached_the_end;
+ key = rb_entry(rb, struct key, serial_node);
+ break;
+ }
+ }
+
+ if (!key)
+ goto reached_the_end;
+
+ /* trawl through the keys looking for keyrings */
+ for (;;) {
+ if (key->expiry > 0 && key->expiry < new_timer)
+ new_timer = key->expiry;
+
+ if (key->type == &key_type_keyring &&
+ key_gc_keyring(key, limit)) {
+ /* the gc ate our lock */
+ schedule_work(&key_gc_work);
+ goto no_unlock;
+ }
+
+ rb = rb_next(&key->serial_node);
+ if (!rb) {
+ key_gc_cursor = 0;
+ break;
+ }
+ key = rb_entry(rb, struct key, serial_node);
+ }
+
+out:
+ spin_unlock(&key_serial_lock);
+no_unlock:
+ clear_bit(0, &key_gc_executing);
+ if (new_timer < LONG_MAX)
+ key_schedule_gc(new_timer);
+
+ kleave("");
+ return;
+
+reached_the_end:
+ key_gc_cursor = 0;
+ goto out;
+}
diff --git a/security/keys/internal.h b/security/keys/internal.h
index a7252e7b2e0..fb830514c33 100644
--- a/security/keys/internal.h
+++ b/security/keys/internal.h
@@ -132,6 +132,10 @@ extern key_ref_t lookup_user_key(key_serial_t id, unsigned long flags,
extern long join_session_keyring(const char *name);
+extern unsigned key_gc_delay;
+extern void keyring_gc(struct key *keyring, time_t limit);
+extern void key_schedule_gc(time_t expiry_at);
+
/*
* check to see whether permission is granted to use a key in the desired way
*/
diff --git a/security/keys/key.c b/security/keys/key.c
index bd9d2670e9c..08531ad0f25 100644
--- a/security/keys/key.c
+++ b/security/keys/key.c
@@ -500,6 +500,7 @@ int key_negate_and_link(struct key *key,
set_bit(KEY_FLAG_INSTANTIATED, &key->flags);
now = current_kernel_time();
key->expiry = now.tv_sec + timeout;
+ key_schedule_gc(key->expiry);
if (test_and_clear_bit(KEY_FLAG_USER_CONSTRUCT, &key->flags))
awaken = 1;
@@ -888,6 +889,9 @@ EXPORT_SYMBOL(key_update);
*/
void key_revoke(struct key *key)
{
+ struct timespec now;
+ time_t time;
+
key_check(key);
/* make sure no one's trying to change or use the key when we mark it
@@ -900,6 +904,14 @@ void key_revoke(struct key *key)
key->type->revoke)
key->type->revoke(key);
+ /* set the death time to no more than the expiry time */
+ now = current_kernel_time();
+ time = now.tv_sec;
+ if (key->revoked_at == 0 || key->revoked_at > time) {
+ key->revoked_at = time;
+ key_schedule_gc(key->revoked_at);
+ }
+
up_write(&key->sem);
} /* end key_revoke() */
@@ -984,6 +996,8 @@ void unregister_key_type(struct key_type *ktype)
spin_unlock(&key_serial_lock);
up_write(&key_types_sem);
+ key_schedule_gc(0);
+
} /* end unregister_key_type() */
EXPORT_SYMBOL(unregister_key_type);
diff --git a/security/keys/keyctl.c b/security/keys/keyctl.c
index 1160b644dac..736d7800f97 100644
--- a/security/keys/keyctl.c
+++ b/security/keys/keyctl.c
@@ -1115,6 +1115,7 @@ long keyctl_set_timeout(key_serial_t id, unsigned timeout)
}
key->expiry = expiry;
+ key_schedule_gc(key->expiry);
up_write(&key->sem);
key_put(key);
diff --git a/security/keys/keyring.c b/security/keys/keyring.c
index 3dba81c2eba..ac977f661a7 100644
--- a/security/keys/keyring.c
+++ b/security/keys/keyring.c
@@ -1000,3 +1000,88 @@ static void keyring_revoke(struct key *keyring)
}
} /* end keyring_revoke() */
+
+/*
+ * Determine whether a key is dead
+ */
+static bool key_is_dead(struct key *key, time_t limit)
+{
+ return test_bit(KEY_FLAG_DEAD, &key->flags) ||
+ (key->expiry > 0 && key->expiry <= limit);
+}
+
+/*
+ * Collect garbage from the contents of a keyring
+ */
+void keyring_gc(struct key *keyring, time_t limit)
+{
+ struct keyring_list *klist, *new;
+ struct key *key;
+ int loop, keep, max;
+
+ kenter("%x", key_serial(keyring));
+
+ down_write(&keyring->sem);
+
+ klist = keyring->payload.subscriptions;
+ if (!klist)
+ goto just_return;
+
+ /* work out how many subscriptions we're keeping */
+ keep = 0;
+ for (loop = klist->nkeys - 1; loop >= 0; loop--)
+ if (!key_is_dead(klist->keys[loop], limit));
+ keep++;
+
+ if (keep == klist->nkeys)
+ goto just_return;
+
+ /* allocate a new keyring payload */
+ max = roundup(keep, 4);
+ new = kmalloc(sizeof(struct keyring_list) + max * sizeof(struct key *),
+ GFP_KERNEL);
+ if (!new)
+ goto just_return;
+ new->maxkeys = max;
+ new->nkeys = 0;
+ new->delkey = 0;
+
+ /* install the live keys
+ * - must take care as expired keys may be updated back to life
+ */
+ keep = 0;
+ for (loop = klist->nkeys - 1; loop >= 0; loop--) {
+ key = klist->keys[loop];
+ if (!key_is_dead(key, limit)) {
+ if (keep >= max)
+ goto discard_new;
+ new->keys[keep++] = key_get(key);
+ }
+ }
+ new->nkeys = keep;
+
+ /* adjust the quota */
+ key_payload_reserve(keyring,
+ sizeof(struct keyring_list) +
+ KEYQUOTA_LINK_BYTES * keep);
+
+ if (keep == 0) {
+ rcu_assign_pointer(keyring->payload.subscriptions, NULL);
+ kfree(new);
+ } else {
+ rcu_assign_pointer(keyring->payload.subscriptions, new);
+ }
+
+ up_write(&keyring->sem);
+
+ call_rcu(&klist->rcu, keyring_clear_rcu_disposal);
+ kleave(" [yes]");
+ return;
+
+discard_new:
+ new->nkeys = keep;
+ keyring_clear_rcu_disposal(&new->rcu);
+just_return:
+ up_write(&keyring->sem);
+ kleave(" [no]");
+}
diff --git a/security/keys/sysctl.c b/security/keys/sysctl.c
index b611d493c2d..5e05dc09e2d 100644
--- a/security/keys/sysctl.c
+++ b/security/keys/sysctl.c
@@ -13,6 +13,8 @@
#include <linux/sysctl.h>
#include "internal.h"
+static const int zero, one = 1, max = INT_MAX;
+
ctl_table key_sysctls[] = {
{
.ctl_name = CTL_UNNUMBERED,
@@ -20,7 +22,9 @@ ctl_table key_sysctls[] = {
.data = &key_quota_maxkeys,
.maxlen = sizeof(unsigned),
.mode = 0644,
- .proc_handler = &proc_dointvec,
+ .proc_handler = &proc_dointvec_minmax,
+ .extra1 = (void *) &one,
+ .extra2 = (void *) &max,
},
{
.ctl_name = CTL_UNNUMBERED,
@@ -28,7 +32,9 @@ ctl_table key_sysctls[] = {
.data = &key_quota_maxbytes,
.maxlen = sizeof(unsigned),
.mode = 0644,
- .proc_handler = &proc_dointvec,
+ .proc_handler = &proc_dointvec_minmax,
+ .extra1 = (void *) &one,
+ .extra2 = (void *) &max,
},
{
.ctl_name = CTL_UNNUMBERED,
@@ -36,7 +42,9 @@ ctl_table key_sysctls[] = {
.data = &key_quota_root_maxkeys,
.maxlen = sizeof(unsigned),
.mode = 0644,
- .proc_handler = &proc_dointvec,
+ .proc_handler = &proc_dointvec_minmax,
+ .extra1 = (void *) &one,
+ .extra2 = (void *) &max,
},
{
.ctl_name = CTL_UNNUMBERED,
@@ -44,7 +52,19 @@ ctl_table key_sysctls[] = {
.data = &key_quota_root_maxbytes,
.maxlen = sizeof(unsigned),
.mode = 0644,
- .proc_handler = &proc_dointvec,
+ .proc_handler = &proc_dointvec_minmax,
+ .extra1 = (void *) &one,
+ .extra2 = (void *) &max,
+ },
+ {
+ .ctl_name = CTL_UNNUMBERED,
+ .procname = "gc_delay",
+ .data = &key_gc_delay,
+ .maxlen = sizeof(unsigned),
+ .mode = 0644,
+ .proc_handler = &proc_dointvec_minmax,
+ .extra1 = (void *) &zero,
+ .extra2 = (void *) &max,
},
{ .ctl_name = 0 }
};