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-rw-r--r--Documentation/DocBook/kernel-locking.tmpl14
-rw-r--r--Documentation/RCU/checklist.txt46
-rw-r--r--drivers/input/evdev.c2
-rw-r--r--drivers/vhost/net.c16
-rw-r--r--drivers/vhost/vhost.c22
-rw-r--r--drivers/vhost/vhost.h10
-rw-r--r--include/linux/cgroup.h4
-rw-r--r--include/linux/compiler.h4
-rw-r--r--include/linux/cred.h2
-rw-r--r--include/linux/fdtable.h6
-rw-r--r--include/linux/fs.h2
-rw-r--r--include/linux/genhd.h6
-rw-r--r--include/linux/hardirq.h2
-rw-r--r--include/linux/idr.h4
-rw-r--r--include/linux/init_task.h14
-rw-r--r--include/linux/input.h2
-rw-r--r--include/linux/iocontext.h2
-rw-r--r--include/linux/key.h3
-rw-r--r--include/linux/kvm_host.h2
-rw-r--r--include/linux/mm_types.h2
-rw-r--r--include/linux/nfs_fs.h2
-rw-r--r--include/linux/notifier.h10
-rw-r--r--include/linux/radix-tree.h4
-rw-r--r--include/linux/rculist.h62
-rw-r--r--include/linux/rculist_nulls.h16
-rw-r--r--include/linux/rcupdate.h482
-rw-r--r--include/linux/rcutiny.h104
-rw-r--r--include/linux/rcutree.h57
-rw-r--r--include/linux/sched.h16
-rw-r--r--include/linux/srcu.h34
-rw-r--r--include/linux/sunrpc/auth_gss.h4
-rw-r--r--include/net/cls_cgroup.h3
-rw-r--r--include/net/netfilter/nf_conntrack.h2
-rw-r--r--init/Kconfig26
-rw-r--r--kernel/Makefile1
-rw-r--r--kernel/cgroup.c2
-rw-r--r--kernel/pid.c3
-rw-r--r--kernel/rcupdate.c6
-rw-r--r--kernel/rcutiny.c33
-rw-r--r--kernel/rcutiny_plugin.h578
-rw-r--r--kernel/rcutorture.c6
-rw-r--r--kernel/rcutree.c85
-rw-r--r--kernel/rcutree.h17
-rw-r--r--kernel/rcutree_plugin.h45
-rw-r--r--kernel/rcutree_trace.c2
-rw-r--r--lib/Kconfig.debug37
-rw-r--r--lib/radix-tree.c2
-rw-r--r--net/ipv4/netfilter/nf_nat_core.c2
-rw-r--r--net/netfilter/core.c2
-rw-r--r--net/netfilter/nf_conntrack_ecache.c4
-rw-r--r--net/netfilter/nf_conntrack_extend.c2
-rw-r--r--net/netfilter/nf_conntrack_proto.c4
-rw-r--r--net/netfilter/nf_log.c2
-rw-r--r--net/netfilter/nf_queue.c2
54 files changed, 1364 insertions, 458 deletions
diff --git a/Documentation/DocBook/kernel-locking.tmpl b/Documentation/DocBook/kernel-locking.tmpl
index 0b1a3f97f28..d7884b13fb1 100644
--- a/Documentation/DocBook/kernel-locking.tmpl
+++ b/Documentation/DocBook/kernel-locking.tmpl
@@ -1645,7 +1645,9 @@ the amount of locking which needs to be done.
all the readers who were traversing the list when we deleted the
element are finished. We use <function>call_rcu()</function> to
register a callback which will actually destroy the object once
- the readers are finished.
+ all pre-existing readers are finished. Alternatively,
+ <function>synchronize_rcu()</function> may be used to block until
+ all pre-existing are finished.
</para>
<para>
But how does Read Copy Update know when the readers are
@@ -1714,7 +1716,7 @@ the amount of locking which needs to be done.
- object_put(obj);
+ list_del_rcu(&amp;obj-&gt;list);
cache_num--;
-+ call_rcu(&amp;obj-&gt;rcu, cache_delete_rcu, obj);
++ call_rcu(&amp;obj-&gt;rcu, cache_delete_rcu);
}
/* Must be holding cache_lock */
@@ -1725,14 +1727,6 @@ the amount of locking which needs to be done.
if (++cache_num > MAX_CACHE_SIZE) {
struct object *i, *outcast = NULL;
list_for_each_entry(i, &amp;cache, list) {
-@@ -85,6 +94,7 @@
- obj-&gt;popularity = 0;
- atomic_set(&amp;obj-&gt;refcnt, 1); /* The cache holds a reference */
- spin_lock_init(&amp;obj-&gt;lock);
-+ INIT_RCU_HEAD(&amp;obj-&gt;rcu);
-
- spin_lock_irqsave(&amp;cache_lock, flags);
- __cache_add(obj);
@@ -104,12 +114,11 @@
struct object *cache_find(int id)
{
diff --git a/Documentation/RCU/checklist.txt b/Documentation/RCU/checklist.txt
index 790d1a81237..0c134f8afc6 100644
--- a/Documentation/RCU/checklist.txt
+++ b/Documentation/RCU/checklist.txt
@@ -218,13 +218,22 @@ over a rather long period of time, but improvements are always welcome!
include:
a. Keeping a count of the number of data-structure elements
- used by the RCU-protected data structure, including those
- waiting for a grace period to elapse. Enforce a limit
- on this number, stalling updates as needed to allow
- previously deferred frees to complete.
-
- Alternatively, limit only the number awaiting deferred
- free rather than the total number of elements.
+ used by the RCU-protected data structure, including
+ those waiting for a grace period to elapse. Enforce a
+ limit on this number, stalling updates as needed to allow
+ previously deferred frees to complete. Alternatively,
+ limit only the number awaiting deferred free rather than
+ the total number of elements.
+
+ One way to stall the updates is to acquire the update-side
+ mutex. (Don't try this with a spinlock -- other CPUs
+ spinning on the lock could prevent the grace period
+ from ever ending.) Another way to stall the updates
+ is for the updates to use a wrapper function around
+ the memory allocator, so that this wrapper function
+ simulates OOM when there is too much memory awaiting an
+ RCU grace period. There are of course many other
+ variations on this theme.
b. Limiting update rate. For example, if updates occur only
once per hour, then no explicit rate limiting is required,
@@ -365,3 +374,26 @@ over a rather long period of time, but improvements are always welcome!
and the compiler to freely reorder code into and out of RCU
read-side critical sections. It is the responsibility of the
RCU update-side primitives to deal with this.
+
+17. Use CONFIG_PROVE_RCU, CONFIG_DEBUG_OBJECTS_RCU_HEAD, and
+ the __rcu sparse checks to validate your RCU code. These
+ can help find problems as follows:
+
+ CONFIG_PROVE_RCU: check that accesses to RCU-protected data
+ structures are carried out under the proper RCU
+ read-side critical section, while holding the right
+ combination of locks, or whatever other conditions
+ are appropriate.
+
+ CONFIG_DEBUG_OBJECTS_RCU_HEAD: check that you don't pass the
+ same object to call_rcu() (or friends) before an RCU
+ grace period has elapsed since the last time that you
+ passed that same object to call_rcu() (or friends).
+
+ __rcu sparse checks: tag the pointer to the RCU-protected data
+ structure with __rcu, and sparse will warn you if you
+ access that pointer without the services of one of the
+ variants of rcu_dereference().
+
+ These debugging aids can help you find problems that are
+ otherwise extremely difficult to spot.
diff --git a/drivers/input/evdev.c b/drivers/input/evdev.c
index c908c5f8364..5808731f72d 100644
--- a/drivers/input/evdev.c
+++ b/drivers/input/evdev.c
@@ -28,7 +28,7 @@ struct evdev {
int minor;
struct input_handle handle;
wait_queue_head_t wait;
- struct evdev_client *grab;
+ struct evdev_client __rcu *grab;
struct list_head client_list;
spinlock_t client_lock; /* protects client_list */
struct mutex mutex;
diff --git a/drivers/vhost/net.c b/drivers/vhost/net.c
index 29e850a7a2f..1318ee00834 100644
--- a/drivers/vhost/net.c
+++ b/drivers/vhost/net.c
@@ -127,7 +127,10 @@ static void handle_tx(struct vhost_net *net)
size_t len, total_len = 0;
int err, wmem;
size_t hdr_size;
- struct socket *sock = rcu_dereference(vq->private_data);
+ struct socket *sock;
+
+ sock = rcu_dereference_check(vq->private_data,
+ lockdep_is_held(&vq->mutex));
if (!sock)
return;
@@ -582,7 +585,10 @@ static void vhost_net_disable_vq(struct vhost_net *n,
static void vhost_net_enable_vq(struct vhost_net *n,
struct vhost_virtqueue *vq)
{
- struct socket *sock = vq->private_data;
+ struct socket *sock;
+
+ sock = rcu_dereference_protected(vq->private_data,
+ lockdep_is_held(&vq->mutex));
if (!sock)
return;
if (vq == n->vqs + VHOST_NET_VQ_TX) {
@@ -598,7 +604,8 @@ static struct socket *vhost_net_stop_vq(struct vhost_net *n,
struct socket *sock;
mutex_lock(&vq->mutex);
- sock = vq->private_data;
+ sock = rcu_dereference_protected(vq->private_data,
+ lockdep_is_held(&vq->mutex));
vhost_net_disable_vq(n, vq);
rcu_assign_pointer(vq->private_data, NULL);
mutex_unlock(&vq->mutex);
@@ -736,7 +743,8 @@ static long vhost_net_set_backend(struct vhost_net *n, unsigned index, int fd)
}
/* start polling new socket */
- oldsock = vq->private_data;
+ oldsock = rcu_dereference_protected(vq->private_data,
+ lockdep_is_held(&vq->mutex));
if (sock != oldsock) {
vhost_net_disable_vq(n, vq);
rcu_assign_pointer(vq->private_data, sock);
diff --git a/drivers/vhost/vhost.c b/drivers/vhost/vhost.c
index e05557d5299..b5c49478d20 100644
--- a/drivers/vhost/vhost.c
+++ b/drivers/vhost/vhost.c
@@ -284,7 +284,7 @@ long vhost_dev_reset_owner(struct vhost_dev *dev)
vhost_dev_cleanup(dev);
memory->nregions = 0;
- dev->memory = memory;
+ RCU_INIT_POINTER(dev->memory, memory);
return 0;
}
@@ -316,8 +316,9 @@ void vhost_dev_cleanup(struct vhost_dev *dev)
fput(dev->log_file);
dev->log_file = NULL;
/* No one will access memory at this point */
- kfree(dev->memory);
- dev->memory = NULL;
+ kfree(rcu_dereference_protected(dev->memory,
+ lockdep_is_held(&dev->mutex)));
+ RCU_INIT_POINTER(dev->memory, NULL);
if (dev->mm)
mmput(dev->mm);
dev->mm = NULL;
@@ -401,14 +402,22 @@ static int vq_access_ok(unsigned int num,
/* Caller should have device mutex but not vq mutex */
int vhost_log_access_ok(struct vhost_dev *dev)
{
- return memory_access_ok(dev, dev->memory, 1);
+ struct vhost_memory *mp;
+
+ mp = rcu_dereference_protected(dev->memory,
+ lockdep_is_held(&dev->mutex));
+ return memory_access_ok(dev, mp, 1);
}
/* Verify access for write logging. */
/* Caller should have vq mutex and device mutex */
static int vq_log_access_ok(struct vhost_virtqueue *vq, void __user *log_base)
{
- return vq_memory_access_ok(log_base, vq->dev->memory,
+ struct vhost_memory *mp;
+
+ mp = rcu_dereference_protected(vq->dev->memory,
+ lockdep_is_held(&vq->mutex));
+ return vq_memory_access_ok(log_base, mp,
vhost_has_feature(vq->dev, VHOST_F_LOG_ALL)) &&
(!vq->log_used || log_access_ok(log_base, vq->log_addr,
sizeof *vq->used +
@@ -448,7 +457,8 @@ static long vhost_set_memory(struct vhost_dev *d, struct vhost_memory __user *m)
kfree(newmem);
return -EFAULT;
}
- oldmem = d->memory;
+ oldmem = rcu_dereference_protected(d->memory,
+ lockdep_is_held(&d->mutex));
rcu_assign_pointer(d->memory, newmem);
synchronize_rcu();
kfree(oldmem);
diff --git a/drivers/vhost/vhost.h b/drivers/vhost/vhost.h
index afd77295971..af3c11ded5f 100644
--- a/drivers/vhost/vhost.h
+++ b/drivers/vhost/vhost.h
@@ -106,7 +106,7 @@ struct vhost_virtqueue {
* vhost_work execution acts instead of rcu_read_lock() and the end of
* vhost_work execution acts instead of rcu_read_lock().
* Writers use virtqueue mutex. */
- void *private_data;
+ void __rcu *private_data;
/* Log write descriptors */
void __user *log_base;
struct vhost_log log[VHOST_NET_MAX_SG];
@@ -116,7 +116,7 @@ struct vhost_dev {
/* Readers use RCU to access memory table pointer
* log base pointer and features.
* Writers use mutex below.*/
- struct vhost_memory *memory;
+ struct vhost_memory __rcu *memory;
struct mm_struct *mm;
struct mutex mutex;
unsigned acked_features;
@@ -173,7 +173,11 @@ enum {
static inline int vhost_has_feature(struct vhost_dev *dev, int bit)
{
- unsigned acked_features = rcu_dereference(dev->acked_features);
+ unsigned acked_features;
+
+ acked_features =
+ rcu_dereference_index_check(dev->acked_features,
+ lockdep_is_held(&dev->mutex));
return acked_features & (1 << bit);
}
diff --git a/include/linux/cgroup.h b/include/linux/cgroup.h
index ed3e92e41c6..3cb7d04308c 100644
--- a/include/linux/cgroup.h
+++ b/include/linux/cgroup.h
@@ -75,7 +75,7 @@ struct cgroup_subsys_state {
unsigned long flags;
/* ID for this css, if possible */
- struct css_id *id;
+ struct css_id __rcu *id;
};
/* bits in struct cgroup_subsys_state flags field */
@@ -205,7 +205,7 @@ struct cgroup {
struct list_head children; /* my children */
struct cgroup *parent; /* my parent */
- struct dentry *dentry; /* cgroup fs entry, RCU protected */
+ struct dentry __rcu *dentry; /* cgroup fs entry, RCU protected */
/* Private pointers for each registered subsystem */
struct cgroup_subsys_state *subsys[CGROUP_SUBSYS_COUNT];
diff --git a/include/linux/compiler.h b/include/linux/compiler.h
index c1a62c56a66..320d6c94ff8 100644
--- a/include/linux/compiler.h
+++ b/include/linux/compiler.h
@@ -16,7 +16,11 @@
# define __release(x) __context__(x,-1)
# define __cond_lock(x,c) ((c) ? ({ __acquire(x); 1; }) : 0)
# define __percpu __attribute__((noderef, address_space(3)))
+#ifdef CONFIG_SPARSE_RCU_POINTER
+# define __rcu __attribute__((noderef, address_space(4)))
+#else
# define __rcu
+#endif
extern void __chk_user_ptr(const volatile void __user *);
extern void __chk_io_ptr(const volatile void __iomem *);
#else
diff --git a/include/linux/cred.h b/include/linux/cred.h
index 4d2c39573f3..4aaeab37644 100644
--- a/include/linux/cred.h
+++ b/include/linux/cred.h
@@ -84,7 +84,7 @@ struct thread_group_cred {
atomic_t usage;
pid_t tgid; /* thread group process ID */
spinlock_t lock;
- struct key *session_keyring; /* keyring inherited over fork */
+ struct key __rcu *session_keyring; /* keyring inherited over fork */
struct key *process_keyring; /* keyring private to this process */
struct rcu_head rcu; /* RCU deletion hook */
};
diff --git a/include/linux/fdtable.h b/include/linux/fdtable.h
index f59ed297b66..133c0ba25e3 100644
--- a/include/linux/fdtable.h
+++ b/include/linux/fdtable.h
@@ -31,7 +31,7 @@ struct embedded_fd_set {
struct fdtable {
unsigned int max_fds;
- struct file ** fd; /* current fd array */
+ struct file __rcu **fd; /* current fd array */
fd_set *close_on_exec;
fd_set *open_fds;
struct rcu_head rcu;
@@ -46,7 +46,7 @@ struct files_struct {
* read mostly part
*/
atomic_t count;
- struct fdtable *fdt;
+ struct fdtable __rcu *fdt;
struct fdtable fdtab;
/*
* written part on a separate cache line in SMP
@@ -55,7 +55,7 @@ struct files_struct {
int next_fd;
struct embedded_fd_set close_on_exec_init;
struct embedded_fd_set open_fds_init;
- struct file * fd_array[NR_OPEN_DEFAULT];
+ struct file __rcu * fd_array[NR_OPEN_DEFAULT];
};
#define rcu_dereference_check_fdtable(files, fdtfd) \
diff --git a/include/linux/fs.h b/include/linux/fs.h
index 76041b61475..aa3dc8d2043 100644
--- a/include/linux/fs.h
+++ b/include/linux/fs.h
@@ -1380,7 +1380,7 @@ struct super_block {
* Saved mount options for lazy filesystems using
* generic_show_options()
*/
- char *s_options;
+ char __rcu *s_options;
};
extern struct timespec current_fs_time(struct super_block *sb);
diff --git a/include/linux/genhd.h b/include/linux/genhd.h
index 5f2f4c4d8fb..af3f06b41dc 100644
--- a/include/linux/genhd.h
+++ b/include/linux/genhd.h
@@ -129,8 +129,8 @@ struct blk_scsi_cmd_filter {
struct disk_part_tbl {
struct rcu_head rcu_head;
int len;
- struct hd_struct *last_lookup;
- struct hd_struct *part[];
+ struct hd_struct __rcu *last_lookup;
+ struct hd_struct __rcu *part[];
};
struct gendisk {
@@ -149,7 +149,7 @@ struct gendisk {
* non-critical accesses use RCU. Always access through
* helpers.
*/
- struct disk_part_tbl *part_tbl;
+ struct disk_part_tbl __rcu *part_tbl;
struct hd_struct part0;
const struct block_device_operations *fops;
diff --git a/include/linux/hardirq.h b/include/linux/hardirq.h
index d5b387669da..1f4517d55b1 100644
--- a/include/linux/hardirq.h
+++ b/include/linux/hardirq.h
@@ -139,7 +139,7 @@ static inline void account_system_vtime(struct task_struct *tsk)
#endif
#if defined(CONFIG_NO_HZ)
-#if defined(CONFIG_TINY_RCU)
+#if defined(CONFIG_TINY_RCU) || defined(CONFIG_TINY_PREEMPT_RCU)
extern void rcu_enter_nohz(void);
extern void rcu_exit_nohz(void);
diff --git a/include/linux/idr.h b/include/linux/idr.h
index e968db71e33..cdb715e58e3 100644
--- a/include/linux/idr.h
+++ b/include/linux/idr.h
@@ -50,14 +50,14 @@
struct idr_layer {
unsigned long bitmap; /* A zero bit means "space here" */
- struct idr_layer *ary[1<<IDR_BITS];
+ struct idr_layer __rcu *ary[1<<IDR_BITS];
int count; /* When zero, we can release it */
int layer; /* distance from leaf */
struct rcu_head rcu_head;
};
struct idr {
- struct idr_layer *top;
+ struct idr_layer __rcu *top;
struct idr_layer *id_free;
int layers; /* only valid without concurrent changes */
int id_free_cnt;
diff --git a/include/linux/init_task.h b/include/linux/init_task.h
index 1f43fa56f60..2fea6c8ef6b 100644
--- a/include/linux/init_task.h
+++ b/include/linux/init_task.h
@@ -82,11 +82,17 @@ extern struct group_info init_groups;
# define CAP_INIT_BSET CAP_FULL_SET
#ifdef CONFIG_TREE_PREEMPT_RCU
+#define INIT_TASK_RCU_TREE_PREEMPT() \
+ .rcu_blocked_node = NULL,
+#else
+#define INIT_TASK_RCU_TREE_PREEMPT(tsk)
+#endif
+#ifdef CONFIG_PREEMPT_RCU
#define INIT_TASK_RCU_PREEMPT(tsk) \
.rcu_read_lock_nesting = 0, \
.rcu_read_unlock_special = 0, \
- .rcu_blocked_node = NULL, \
- .rcu_node_entry = LIST_HEAD_INIT(tsk.rcu_node_entry),
+ .rcu_node_entry = LIST_HEAD_INIT(tsk.rcu_node_entry), \
+ INIT_TASK_RCU_TREE_PREEMPT()
#else
#define INIT_TASK_RCU_PREEMPT(tsk)
#endif
@@ -137,8 +143,8 @@ extern struct cred init_cred;
.children = LIST_HEAD_INIT(tsk.children), \
.sibling = LIST_HEAD_INIT(tsk.sibling), \
.group_leader = &tsk, \
- .real_cred = &init_cred, \
- .cred = &init_cred, \
+ RCU_INIT_POINTER(.real_cred, &init_cred), \
+ RCU_INIT_POINTER(.cred, &init_cred), \
.cred_guard_mutex = \
__MUTEX_INITIALIZER(tsk.cred_guard_mutex), \
.comm = "swapper", \
diff --git a/include/linux/input.h b/include/linux/input.h
index 896a92227bc..d6ae1761be9 100644
--- a/include/linux/input.h
+++ b/include/linux/input.h
@@ -1196,7 +1196,7 @@ struct input_dev {
int (*flush)(struct input_dev *dev, struct file *file);
int (*event)(struct input_dev *dev, unsigned int type, unsigned int code, int value);
- struct input_handle *grab;
+ struct input_handle __rcu *grab;
spinlock_t event_lock;
struct mutex mutex;
diff --git a/include/linux/iocontext.h b/include/linux/iocontext.h
index 64d52913303..3e70b21884a 100644
--- a/include/linux/iocontext.h
+++ b/include/linux/iocontext.h
@@ -53,7 +53,7 @@ struct io_context {
struct radix_tree_root radix_root;
struct hlist_head cic_list;
- void *ioc_data;
+ void __rcu *ioc_data;
};
static inline struct io_context *ioc_task_link(struct io_context *ioc)
diff --git a/include/linux/key.h b/include/linux/key.h
index cd50dfa1d4c..3db0adce1fd 100644
--- a/include/linux/key.h
+++ b/include/linux/key.h
@@ -178,8 +178,9 @@ struct key {
*/
union {
unsigned long value;
+ void __rcu *rcudata;
void *data;
- struct keyring_list *subscriptions;
+ struct keyring_list __rcu *subscriptions;
} payload;
};
diff --git a/include/linux/kvm_host.h b/include/linux/kvm_host.h
index c13cc48697a..ac740b26eb1 100644
--- a/include/linux/kvm_host.h
+++ b/include/linux/kvm_host.h
@@ -205,7 +205,7 @@ struct kvm {
struct mutex irq_lock;
#ifdef CONFIG_HAVE_KVM_IRQCHIP
- struct kvm_irq_routing_table *irq_routing;
+ struct kvm_irq_routing_table __rcu *irq_routing;
struct hlist_head mask_notifier_list;
struct hlist_head irq_ack_notifier_list;
#endif
diff --git a/include/linux/mm_types.h b/include/linux/mm_types.h
index ee7e258627f..cb57d657ce4 100644
--- a/include/linux/mm_types.h
+++ b/include/linux/mm_types.h
@@ -299,7 +299,7 @@ struct mm_struct {
* new_owner->mm == mm
* new_owner->alloc_lock is held
*/
- struct task_struct *owner;
+ struct task_struct __rcu *owner;
#endif
#ifdef CONFIG_PROC_FS
diff --git a/include/linux/nfs_fs.h b/include/linux/nfs_fs.h
index 508f8cf6da3..d0edf7d823a 100644
--- a/include/linux/nfs_fs.h
+++ b/include/linux/nfs_fs.h
@@ -185,7 +185,7 @@ struct nfs_inode {
struct nfs4_cached_acl *nfs4_acl;
/* NFSv4 state */
struct list_head open_states;
- struct nfs_delegation *delegation;
+ struct nfs_delegation __rcu *delegation;
fmode_t delegation_state;
struct rw_semaphore rwsem;
#endif /* CONFIG_NFS_V4*/
diff --git a/include/linux/notifier.h b/include/linux/notifier.h
index b2f1a4d8355..2026f9e1ceb 100644
--- a/include/linux/notifier.h
+++ b/include/linux/notifier.h
@@ -49,28 +49,28 @@
struct notifier_block {
int (*notifier_call)(struct notifier_block *, unsigned long, void *);
- struct notifier_block *next;
+ struct notifier_block __rcu *next;
int priority;
};
struct atomic_notifier_head {
spinlock_t lock;
- struct notifier_block *head;
+ struct notifier_block __rcu *head;
};
struct blocking_notifier_head {
struct rw_semaphore rwsem;
- struct notifier_block *head;
+ struct notifier_block __rcu *head;
};
struct raw_notifier_head {
- struct notifier_block *head;
+ struct notifier_block __rcu *head;
};
struct srcu_notifier_head {
struct mutex mutex;
struct srcu_struct srcu;
- struct notifier_block *head;
+ struct notifier_block __rcu *head;
};
#define ATOMIC_INIT_NOTIFIER_HEAD(name) do { \
diff --git a/include/linux/radix-tree.h b/include/linux/radix-tree.h
index 634b8e674ac..a39cbed9ee1 100644
--- a/include/linux/radix-tree.h
+++ b/include/linux/radix-tree.h
@@ -47,6 +47,8 @@ static inline void *radix_tree_indirect_to_ptr(void *ptr)
{
return (void *)((unsigned long)ptr & ~RADIX_TREE_INDIRECT_PTR);
}
+#define radix_tree_indirect_to_ptr(ptr) \
+ radix_tree_indirect_to_ptr((void __force *)(ptr))
static inline int radix_tree_is_indirect_ptr(void *ptr)
{
@@ -61,7 +63,7 @@ static inline int radix_tree_is_indirect_ptr(void *ptr)
struct radix_tree_root {
unsigned int height;
gfp_t gfp_mask;
- struct radix_tree_node *rnode;
+ struct radix_tree_node __rcu *rnode;
};
#define RADIX_TREE_INIT(mask) { \
diff --git a/include/linux/rculist.h b/include/linux/rculist.h
index 4ec3b38ce9c..f31ef61f1c6 100644
--- a/include/linux/rculist.h
+++ b/include/linux/rculist.h
@@ -10,6 +10,21 @@
#include <linux/rcupdate.h>
/*
+ * Why is there no list_empty_rcu()? Because list_empty() serves this
+ * purpose. The list_empty() function fetches the RCU-protected pointer
+ * and compares it to the address of the list head, but neither dereferences
+ * this pointer itself nor provides this pointer to the caller. Therefore,
+ * it is not necessary to use rcu_dereference(), so that list_empty() can
+ * be used anywhere you would want to use a list_empty_rcu().
+ */
+
+/*
+ * return the ->next pointer of a list_head in an rcu safe
+ * way, we must not access it directly
+ */
+#define list_next_rcu(list) (*((struct list_head __rcu **)(&(list)->next)))
+
+/*
* Insert a new entry between two known consecutive entries.
*
* This is only for internal list manipulation where we know
@@ -20,7 +35,7 @@ static inline void __list_add_rcu(struct list_head *new,
{
new->next = next;
new->prev = prev;
- rcu_assign_pointer(prev->next, new);
+ rcu_assign_pointer(list_next_rcu(prev), new);
next->prev = new;
}
@@ -138,7 +153,7 @@ static inline void list_replace_rcu(struct list_head *old,
{
new->next = old->next;
new->prev = old->prev;
- rcu_assign_pointer(new->prev->next, new);
+ rcu_assign_pointer(list_next_rcu(new->prev), new);
new->next->prev = new;
old->prev = LIST_POISON2;
}
@@ -193,7 +208,7 @@ static inline void list_splice_init_rcu(struct list_head *list,
*/
last->next = at;
- rcu_assign_pointer(head->next, first);
+ rcu_assign_pointer(list_next_rcu(head), first);
first->prev = head;
at->prev = last;
}
@@ -208,7 +223,9 @@ static inline void list_splice_init_rcu(struct list_head *list,
* primitives such as list_add_rcu() as long as it's guarded by rcu_read_lock().
*/
#define list_entry_rcu(ptr, type, member) \
- container_of(rcu_dereference_raw(ptr), type, member)
+ ({typeof (*ptr) __rcu *__ptr = (typeof (*ptr) __rcu __force *)ptr; \
+ container_of((typeof(ptr))rcu_dereference_raw(__ptr), type, member); \
+ })
/**
* list_first_entry_rcu - get the first element from a list
@@ -225,9 +242,9 @@ static inline void list_splice_init_rcu(struct list_head *list,
list_entry_rcu((ptr)->next, type, member)
#define __list_for_each_rcu(pos, head) \
- for (pos = rcu_dereference_raw((head)->next); \
+ for (pos = rcu_dereference_raw(list_next_rcu(head)); \
pos != (head); \
- pos = rcu_dereference_raw(pos->next))
+ pos = rcu_dereference_raw(list_next_rcu((pos)))
/**
* list_for_each_entry_rcu - iterate over rcu list of given type
@@ -257,9 +274,9 @@ static inline void list_splice_init_rcu(struct list_head *list,
* as long as the traversal is guarded by rcu_read_lock().
*/
#define list_for_each_continue_rcu(pos, head) \
- for ((pos) = rcu_dereference_raw((pos)->next); \
+ for ((pos) = rcu_dereference_raw(list_next_rcu(pos)); \
prefetch((pos)->next), (pos) != (head); \
- (pos) = rcu_dereference_raw((pos)->next))
+ (pos) = rcu_dereference_raw(list_next_rcu(pos)))
/**
* list_for_each_entry_continue_rcu - continue iteration over list of given type
@@ -314,12 +331,19 @@ static inline void hlist_replace_rcu(struct hlist_node *old,
new->next = next;
new->pprev = old->pprev;
- rcu_assign_pointer(*new->pprev, new);
+ rcu_assign_pointer(*(struct hlist_node __rcu **)new->pprev, new);
if (next)
new->next->pprev = &new->next;
old->pprev = LIST_POISON2;
}
+/*
+ * return the first or the next element in an RCU protected hlist
+ */
+#define hlist_first_rcu(head) (*((struct hlist_node __rcu **)(&(head)->first)))
+#define hlist_next_rcu(node) (*((struct hlist_node __rcu **)(&(node)->next)))
+#define hlist_pprev_rcu(node) (*((struct hlist_node __rcu **)((node)->pprev)))
+
/**
* hlist_add_head_rcu
* @n: the element to add to the hash list.
@@ -346,7 +370,7 @@ static inline void hlist_add_head_rcu(struct hlist_node *n,
n->next = first;
n->pprev = &h->first;
- rcu_assign_pointer(h->first, n);
+ rcu_assign_pointer(hlist_first_rcu(h), n);
if (first)
first->pprev = &n->next;
}
@@ -374,7 +398,7 @@ static inline void hlist_add_before_rcu(struct hlist_node *n,
{
n->pprev = next->pprev;
n->next = next;
- rcu_assign_pointer(*(n->pprev), n);
+ rcu_assign_pointer(hlist_pprev_rcu(n), n);
next->pprev = &n->next;
}
@@ -401,15 +425,15 @@ static inline void hlist_add_after_rcu(struct hlist_node *prev,
{
n->next = prev->next;
n->pprev = &prev->next;
- rcu_assign_pointer(prev->next, n);
+ rcu_assign_pointer(hlist_next_rcu(prev), n);
if (n->next)
n->next->pprev = &n->next;
}
-#define __hlist_for_each_rcu(pos, head) \
- for (pos = rcu_dereference((head)->first); \
- pos && ({ prefetch(pos->next); 1; }); \
- pos = rcu_dereference(pos->next))
+#define __hlist_for_each_rcu(pos, head) \
+ for (pos = rcu_dereference(hlist_first_rcu(head)); \
+ pos && ({ prefetch(pos->next); 1; }); \
+ pos = rcu_dereference(hlist_next_rcu(pos)))
/**
* hlist_for_each_entry_rcu - iterate over rcu list of given type
@@ -422,11 +446,11 @@ static inline void hlist_add_after_rcu(struct hlist_node *prev,
* the _rcu list-mutation primitives such as hlist_add_head_rcu()
* as long as the traversal is guarded by rcu_read_lock().
*/
-#define hlist_for_each_entry_rcu(tpos, pos, head, member) \
- for (pos = rcu_dereference_raw((head)->first); \
+#define hlist_for_each_entry_rcu(tpos, pos, head, member) \
+ for (pos = rcu_dereference_raw(hlist_first_rcu(head)); \
pos && ({ prefetch(pos->next); 1; }) && \
({ tpos = hlist_entry(pos, typeof(*tpos), member); 1; }); \
- pos = rcu_dereference_raw(pos->next))
+ pos = rcu_dereference_raw(hlist_next_rcu(pos)))
/**
* hlist_for_each_entry_rcu_bh - iterate over rcu list of given type
diff --git a/include/linux/rculist_nulls.h b/include/linux/rculist_nulls.h
index b70ffe53cb9..2ae13714828 100644
--- a/include/linux/rculist_nulls.h
+++ b/include/linux/rculist_nulls.h
@@ -37,6 +37,12 @@ static inline void hlist_nulls_del_init_rcu(struct hlist_nulls_node *n)
}
}
+#define hlist_nulls_first_rcu(head) \
+ (*((struct hlist_nulls_node __rcu __force **)&(head)->first))
+
+#define hlist_nulls_next_rcu(node) \
+ (*((struct hlist_nulls_node __rcu __force **)&(node)->next))
+
/**
* hlist_nulls_del_rcu - deletes entry from hash list without re-initialization
* @n: the element to delete from the hash list.
@@ -88,7 +94,7 @@ static inline void hlist_nulls_add_head_rcu(struct hlist_nulls_node *n,
n->next = first;
n->pprev = &h->first;
- rcu_assign_pointer(h->first, n);
+ rcu_assign_pointer(hlist_nulls_first_rcu(h), n);
if (!is_a_nulls(first))
first->pprev = &n->next;
}
@@ -100,11 +106,11 @@ static inline void hlist_nulls_add_head_rcu(struct hlist_nulls_node *n,
* @member: the name of the hlist_nulls_node within the struct.
*
*/
-#define hlist_nulls_for_each_entry_rcu(tpos, pos, head, member) \
- for (pos = rcu_dereference_raw((head)->first); \
- (!is_a_nulls(pos)) && \
+#define hlist_nulls_for_each_entry_rcu(tpos, pos, head, member) \
+ for (pos = rcu_dereference_raw(hlist_nulls_first_rcu(head)); \
+ (!is_a_nulls(pos)) && \
({ tpos = hlist_nulls_entry(pos, typeof(*tpos), member); 1; }); \
- pos = rcu_dereference_raw(pos->next))
+ pos = rcu_dereference_raw(hlist_nulls_next_rcu(pos)))
#endif
#endif
diff --git a/include/linux/rcupdate.h b/include/linux/rcupdate.h
index 9fbc54a2585..89414d67d96 100644
--- a/include/linux/rcupdate.h
+++ b/include/linux/rcupdate.h
@@ -41,11 +41,15 @@
#include <linux/lockdep.h>
#include <linux/completion.h>
#include <linux/debugobjects.h>
+#include <linux/compiler.h>
#ifdef CONFIG_RCU_TORTURE_TEST
extern int rcutorture_runnable; /* for sysctl */
#endif /* #ifdef CONFIG_RCU_TORTURE_TEST */
+#define ULONG_CMP_GE(a, b) (ULONG_MAX / 2 >= (a) - (b))
+#define ULONG_CMP_LT(a, b) (ULONG_MAX / 2 < (a) - (b))
+
/**
* struct rcu_head - callback structure for use with RCU
* @next: next update requests in a list
@@ -57,29 +61,94 @@ struct rcu_head {
};
/* Exported common interfaces */
-extern void rcu_barrier(void);
+extern void call_rcu_sched(struct rcu_head *head,
+ void (*func)(struct rcu_head *rcu));
+extern void synchronize_sched(void);
extern void rcu_barrier_bh(void);
extern void rcu_barrier_sched(void);
extern void synchronize_sched_expedited(void);
extern int sched_expedited_torture_stats(char *page);
+static inline void __rcu_read_lock_bh(void)
+{
+ local_bh_disable();
+}
+
+static inline void __rcu_read_unlock_bh(void)
+{
+ local_bh_enable();
+}
+
+#ifdef CONFIG_PREEMPT_RCU
+
+extern void __rcu_read_lock(void);
+extern void __rcu_read_unlock(void);
+void synchronize_rcu(void);
+
+/*
+ * Defined as a macro as it is a very low level header included from
+ * areas that don't even know about current. This gives the rcu_read_lock()
+ * nesting depth, but makes sense only if CONFIG_PREEMPT_RCU -- in other
+ * types of kernel builds, the rcu_read_lock() nesting depth is unknowable.
+ */
+#define rcu_preempt_depth() (current->rcu_read_lock_nesting)
+
+#else /* #ifdef CONFIG_PREEMPT_RCU */
+
+static inline void __rcu_read_lock(void)
+{
+ preempt_disable();
+}
+
+static inline void __rcu_read_unlock(void)
+{
+ preempt_enable();
+}
+
+static inline void synchronize_rcu(void)
+{
+ synchronize_sched();
+}
+
+static inline int rcu_preempt_depth(void)
+{
+ return 0;
+}
+
+#endif /* #else #ifdef CONFIG_PREEMPT_RCU */
+
/* Internal to kernel */
extern void rcu_init(void);
+extern void rcu_sched_qs(int cpu);
+extern void rcu_bh_qs(int cpu);
+extern void rcu_check_callbacks(int cpu, int user);
+struct notifier_block;
+
+#ifdef CONFIG_NO_HZ
+
+extern void rcu_enter_nohz(void);
+extern void rcu_exit_nohz(void);
+
+#else /* #ifdef CONFIG_NO_HZ */
+
+static inline void rcu_enter_nohz(void)
+{
+}
+
+static inline void rcu_exit_nohz(void)
+{
+}
+
+#endif /* #else #ifdef CONFIG_NO_HZ */
#if defined(CONFIG_TREE_RCU) || defined(CONFIG_TREE_PREEMPT_RCU)
#include <linux/rcutree.h>
-#elif defined(CONFIG_TINY_RCU)
+#elif defined(CONFIG_TINY_RCU) || defined(CONFIG_TINY_PREEMPT_RCU)
#include <linux/rcutiny.h>
#else
#error "Unknown RCU implementation specified to kernel configuration"
#endif
-#define RCU_HEAD_INIT { .next = NULL, .func = NULL }
-#define RCU_HEAD(head) struct rcu_head head = RCU_HEAD_INIT
-#define INIT_RCU_HEAD(ptr) do { \
- (ptr)->next = NULL; (ptr)->func = NULL; \
-} while (0)
-
/*
* init_rcu_head_on_stack()/destroy_rcu_head_on_stack() are needed for dynamic
* initialization and destruction of rcu_head on the stack. rcu_head structures
@@ -120,14 +189,15 @@ extern struct lockdep_map rcu_sched_lock_map;
extern int debug_lockdep_rcu_enabled(void);
/**
- * rcu_read_lock_held - might we be in RCU read-side critical section?
+ * rcu_read_lock_held() - might we be in RCU read-side critical section?
*
* If CONFIG_DEBUG_LOCK_ALLOC is selected, returns nonzero iff in an RCU
* read-side critical section. In absence of CONFIG_DEBUG_LOCK_ALLOC,
* this assumes we are in an RCU read-side critical section unless it can
- * prove otherwise.
+ * prove otherwise. This is useful for debug checks in functions that
+ * require that they be called within an RCU read-side critical section.
*
- * Check debug_lockdep_rcu_enabled() to prevent false positives during boot
+ * Checks debug_lockdep_rcu_enabled() to prevent false positives during boot
* and while lockdep is disabled.
*/
static inline int rcu_read_lock_held(void)
@@ -144,14 +214,16 @@ static inline int rcu_read_lock_held(void)
extern int rcu_read_lock_bh_held(void);
/**
- * rcu_read_lock_sched_held - might we be in RCU-sched read-side critical section?
+ * rcu_read_lock_sched_held() - might we be in RCU-sched read-side critical section?
*
* If CONFIG_DEBUG_LOCK_ALLOC is selected, returns nonzero iff in an
* RCU-sched read-side critical section. In absence of
* CONFIG_DEBUG_LOCK_ALLOC, this assumes we are in an RCU-sched read-side
* critical section unless it can prove otherwise. Note that disabling
* of preemption (including disabling irqs) counts as an RCU-sched
- * read-side critical section.
+ * read-side critical section. This is useful for debug checks in functions
+ * that required that they be called within an RCU-sched read-side
+ * critical section.
*
* Check debug_lockdep_rcu_enabled() to prevent false positives during boot
* and while lockdep is disabled.
@@ -211,7 +283,11 @@ static inline int rcu_read_lock_sched_held(void)
extern int rcu_my_thread_group_empty(void);
-#define __do_rcu_dereference_check(c) \
+/**
+ * rcu_lockdep_assert - emit lockdep splat if specified condition not met
+ * @c: condition to check
+ */
+#define rcu_lockdep_assert(c) \
do { \
static bool __warned; \
if (debug_lockdep_rcu_enabled() && !__warned && !(c)) { \
@@ -220,41 +296,155 @@ extern int rcu_my_thread_group_empty(void);
} \
} while (0)
+#else /* #ifdef CONFIG_PROVE_RCU */
+
+#define rcu_lockdep_assert(c) do { } while (0)
+
+#endif /* #else #ifdef CONFIG_PROVE_RCU */
+
+/*
+ * Helper functions for rcu_dereference_check(), rcu_dereference_protected()
+ * and rcu_assign_pointer(). Some of these could be folded into their
+ * callers, but they are left separate in order to ease introduction of
+ * multiple flavors of pointers to match the multiple flavors of RCU
+ * (e.g., __rcu_bh, * __rcu_sched, and __srcu), should this make sense in
+ * the future.
+ */
+#define __rcu_access_pointer(p, space) \
+ ({ \
+ typeof(*p) *_________p1 = (typeof(*p)*__force )ACCESS_ONCE(p); \
+ (void) (((typeof (*p) space *)p) == p); \
+ ((typeof(*p) __force __kernel *)(_________p1)); \
+ })
+#define __rcu_dereference_check(p, c, space) \
+ ({ \
+ typeof(*p) *_________p1 = (typeof(*p)*__force )ACCESS_ONCE(p); \
+ rcu_lockdep_assert(c); \
+ (void) (((typeof (*p) space *)p) == p); \
+ smp_read_barrier_depends(); \
+ ((typeof(*p) __force __kernel *)(_________p1)); \
+ })
+#define __rcu_dereference_protected(p, c, space) \
+ ({ \
+ rcu_lockdep_assert(c); \
+ (void) (((typeof (*p) space *)p) == p); \
+ ((typeof(*p) __force __kernel *)(p)); \
+ })
+
+#define __rcu_dereference_index_check(p, c) \
+ ({ \
+ typeof(p) _________p1 = ACCESS_ONCE(p); \
+ rcu_lockdep_assert(c); \
+ smp_read_barrier_depends(); \
+ (_________p1); \
+ })
+#define __rcu_assign_pointer(p, v, space) \
+ ({ \
+ if (!__builtin_constant_p(v) || \
+ ((v) != NULL)) \
+ smp_wmb(); \
+ (p) = (typeof(*v) __force space *)(v); \
+ })
+
+
/**
- * rcu_dereference_check - rcu_dereference with debug checking
+ * rcu_access_pointer() - fetch RCU pointer with no dereferencing
+ * @p: The pointer to read
+ *
+ * Return the value of the specified RCU-protected pointer, but omit the
+ * smp_read_barrier_depends() and keep the ACCESS_ONCE(). This is useful
+ * when the value of this pointer is accessed, but the pointer is not
+ * dereferenced, for example, when testing an RCU-protected pointer against
+ * NULL. Although rcu_access_pointer() may also be used in cases where
+ * update-side locks prevent the value of the pointer from changing, you
+ * should instead use rcu_dereference_protected() for this use case.
+ */
+#define rcu_access_pointer(p) __rcu_access_pointer((p), __rcu)
+
+/**
+ * rcu_dereference_check() - rcu_dereference with debug checking
* @p: The pointer to read, prior to dereferencing
* @c: The conditions under which the dereference will take place
*
* Do an rcu_dereference(), but check that the conditions under which the
- * dereference will take place are correct. Typically the conditions indicate
- * the various locking conditions that should be held at that point. The check
- * should return true if the conditions are satisfied.
+ * dereference will take place are correct. Typically the conditions
+ * indicate the various locking conditions that should be held at that
+ * point. The check should return true if the conditions are satisfied.
+ * An implicit check for being in an RCU read-side critical section
+ * (rcu_read_lock()) is included.
*
* For example:
*
- * bar = rcu_dereference_check(foo->bar, rcu_read_lock_held() ||
- * lockdep_is_held(&foo->lock));
+ * bar = rcu_dereference_check(foo->bar, lockdep_is_held(&foo->lock));
*
* could be used to indicate to lockdep that foo->bar may only be dereferenced
- * if either the RCU read lock is held, or that the lock required to replace
+ * if either rcu_read_lock() is held, or that the lock required to replace
* the bar struct at foo->bar is held.
*
* Note that the list of conditions may also include indications of when a lock
* need not be held, for example during initialisation or destruction of the
* target struct:
*
- * bar = rcu_dereference_check(foo->bar, rcu_read_lock_held() ||
- * lockdep_is_held(&foo->lock) ||
+ * bar = rcu_dereference_check(foo->bar, lockdep_is_held(&foo->lock) ||
* atomic_read(&foo->usage) == 0);
+ *
+ * Inserts memory barriers on architectures that require them
+ * (currently only the Alpha), prevents the compiler from refetching
+ * (and from merging fetches), and, more importantly, documents exactly
+ * which pointers are protected by RCU and checks that the pointer is
+ * annotated as __rcu.
*/
#define rcu_dereference_check(p, c) \
- ({ \
- __do_rcu_dereference_check(c); \
- rcu_dereference_raw(p); \
- })
+ __rcu_dereference_check((p), rcu_read_lock_held() || (c), __rcu)
/**
- * rcu_dereference_protected - fetch RCU pointer when updates prevented
+ * rcu_dereference_bh_check() - rcu_dereference_bh with debug checking
+ * @p: The pointer to read, prior to dereferencing
+ * @c: The conditions under which the dereference will take place
+ *
+ * This is the RCU-bh counterpart to rcu_dereference_check().
+ */
+#define rcu_dereference_bh_check(p, c) \
+ __rcu_dereference_check((p), rcu_read_lock_bh_held() || (c), __rcu)
+
+/**
+ * rcu_dereference_sched_check() - rcu_dereference_sched with debug checking
+ * @p: The pointer to read, prior to dereferencing
+ * @c: The conditions under which the dereference will take place
+ *
+ * This is the RCU-sched counterpart to rcu_dereference_check().
+ */
+#define rcu_dereference_sched_check(p, c) \
+ __rcu_dereference_check((p), rcu_read_lock_sched_held() || (c), \
+ __rcu)
+
+#define rcu_dereference_raw(p) rcu_dereference_check(p, 1) /*@@@ needed? @@@*/
+
+/**
+ * rcu_dereference_index_check() - rcu_dereference for indices with debug checking
+ * @p: The pointer to read, prior to dereferencing
+ * @c: The conditions under which the dereference will take place
+ *
+ * Similar to rcu_dereference_check(), but omits the sparse checking.
+ * This allows rcu_dereference_index_check() to be used on integers,
+ * which can then be used as array indices. Attempting to use
+ * rcu_dereference_check() on an integer will give compiler warnings
+ * because the sparse address-space mechanism relies on dereferencing
+ * the RCU-protected pointer. Dereferencing integers is not something
+ * that even gcc will put up with.
+ *
+ * Note that this function does not implicitly check for RCU read-side
+ * critical sections. If this function gains lots of uses, it might
+ * make sense to provide versions for each flavor of RCU, but it does
+ * not make sense as of early 2010.
+ */
+#define rcu_dereference_index_check(p, c) \
+ __rcu_dereference_index_check((p), (c))
+
+/**
+ * rcu_dereference_protected() - fetch RCU pointer when updates prevented
+ * @p: The pointer to read, prior to dereferencing
+ * @c: The conditions under which the dereference will take place
*
* Return the value of the specified RCU-protected pointer, but omit
* both the smp_read_barrier_depends() and the ACCESS_ONCE(). This
@@ -263,35 +453,61 @@ extern int rcu_my_thread_group_empty(void);
* prevent the compiler from repeating this reference or combining it
* with other references, so it should not be used without protection
* of appropriate locks.
+ *
+ * This function is only for update-side use. Using this function
+ * when protected only by rcu_read_lock() will result in infrequent
+ * but very ugly failures.
*/
#define rcu_dereference_protected(p, c) \
- ({ \
- __do_rcu_dereference_check(c); \
- (p); \
- })
+ __rcu_dereference_protected((p), (c), __rcu)
-#else /* #ifdef CONFIG_PROVE_RCU */
+/**
+ * rcu_dereference_bh_protected() - fetch RCU-bh pointer when updates prevented
+ * @p: The pointer to read, prior to dereferencing
+ * @c: The conditions under which the dereference will take place
+ *
+ * This is the RCU-bh counterpart to rcu_dereference_protected().
+ */
+#define rcu_dereference_bh_protected(p, c) \
+ __rcu_dereference_protected((p), (c), __rcu)
-#define rcu_dereference_check(p, c) rcu_dereference_raw(p)
-#define rcu_dereference_protected(p, c) (p)
+/**
+ * rcu_dereference_sched_protected() - fetch RCU-sched pointer when updates prevented
+ * @p: The pointer to read, prior to dereferencing
+ * @c: The conditions under which the dereference will take place
+ *
+ * This is the RCU-sched counterpart to rcu_dereference_protected().
+ */
+#define rcu_dereference_sched_protected(p, c) \
+ __rcu_dereference_protected((p), (c), __rcu)
-#endif /* #else #ifdef CONFIG_PROVE_RCU */
/**
- * rcu_access_pointer - fetch RCU pointer with no dereferencing
+ * rcu_dereference() - fetch RCU-protected pointer for dereferencing
+ * @p: The pointer to read, prior to dereferencing
*
- * Return the value of the specified RCU-protected pointer, but omit the
- * smp_read_barrier_depends() and keep the ACCESS_ONCE(). This is useful
- * when the value of this pointer is accessed, but the pointer is not
- * dereferenced, for example, when testing an RCU-protected pointer against
- * NULL. This may also be used in cases where update-side locks prevent
- * the value of the pointer from changing, but rcu_dereference_protected()
- * is a lighter-weight primitive for this use case.
+ * This is a simple wrapper around rcu_dereference_check().
+ */
+#define rcu_dereference(p) rcu_dereference_check(p, 0)
+
+/**
+ * rcu_dereference_bh() - fetch an RCU-bh-protected pointer for dereferencing
+ * @p: The pointer to read, prior to dereferencing
+ *
+ * Makes rcu_dereference_check() do the dirty work.
+ */
+#define rcu_dereference_bh(p) rcu_dereference_bh_check(p, 0)
+
+/**
+ * rcu_dereference_sched() - fetch RCU-sched-protected pointer for dereferencing
+ * @p: The pointer to read, prior to dereferencing
+ *
+ * Makes rcu_dereference_check() do the dirty work.
*/
-#define rcu_access_pointer(p) ACCESS_ONCE(p)
+#define rcu_dereference_sched(p) rcu_dereference_sched_check(p, 0)
/**
- * rcu_read_lock - mark the beginning of an RCU read-side critical section.
+ * rcu_read_lock() - mark the beginning of an RCU read-side critical section
*
* When synchronize_rcu() is invoked on one CPU while other CPUs
* are within RCU read-side critical sections, then the
@@ -302,7 +518,7 @@ extern int rcu_my_thread_group_empty(void);
* until after the all the other CPUs exit their critical sections.
*
* Note, however, that RCU callbacks are permitted to run concurrently
- * with RCU read-side critical sections. One way that this can happen
+ * with new RCU read-side critical sections. One way that this can happen
* is via the following sequence of events: (1) CPU 0 enters an RCU
* read-side critical section, (2) CPU 1 invokes call_rcu() to register
* an RCU callback, (3) CPU 0 exits the RCU read-side critical section,
@@ -317,7 +533,20 @@ extern int rcu_my_thread_group_empty(void);
* will be deferred until the outermost RCU read-side critical section
* completes.
*
- * It is illegal to block while in an RCU read-side critical section.
+ * You can avoid reading and understanding the next paragraph by
+ * following this rule: don't put anything in an rcu_read_lock() RCU
+ * read-side critical section that would block in a !PREEMPT kernel.
+ * But if you want the full story, read on!
+ *
+ * In non-preemptible RCU implementations (TREE_RCU and TINY_RCU), it
+ * is illegal to block while in an RCU read-side critical section. In
+ * preemptible RCU implementations (TREE_PREEMPT_RCU and TINY_PREEMPT_RCU)
+ * in CONFIG_PREEMPT kernel builds, RCU read-side critical sections may
+ * be preempted, but explicit blocking is illegal. Finally, in preemptible
+ * RCU implementations in real-time (CONFIG_PREEMPT_RT) kernel builds,
+ * RCU read-side critical sections may be preempted and they may also
+ * block, but only when acquiring spinlocks that are subject to priority
+ * inheritance.
*/
static inline void rcu_read_lock(void)
{
@@ -337,7 +566,7 @@ static inline void rcu_read_lock(void)
*/
/**
- * rcu_read_unlock - marks the end of an RCU read-side critical section.
+ * rcu_read_unlock() - marks the end of an RCU read-side critical section.
*
* See rcu_read_lock() for more information.
*/
@@ -349,15 +578,16 @@ static inline void rcu_read_unlock(void)
}
/**
- * rcu_read_lock_bh - mark the beginning of a softirq-only RCU critical section
+ * rcu_read_lock_bh() - mark the beginning of an RCU-bh critical section
*
* This is equivalent of rcu_read_lock(), but to be used when updates
- * are being done using call_rcu_bh(). Since call_rcu_bh() callbacks
- * consider completion of a softirq handler to be a quiescent state,
- * a process in RCU read-side critical section must be protected by
- * disabling softirqs. Read-side critical sections in interrupt context
- * can use just rcu_read_lock().
- *
+ * are being done using call_rcu_bh() or synchronize_rcu_bh(). Since
+ * both call_rcu_bh() and synchronize_rcu_bh() consider completion of a
+ * softirq handler to be a quiescent state, a process in RCU read-side
+ * critical section must be protected by disabling softirqs. Read-side
+ * critical sections in interrupt context can use just rcu_read_lock(),
+ * though this should at least be commented to avoid confusing people
+ * reading the code.
*/
static inline void rcu_read_lock_bh(void)
{
@@ -379,13 +609,12 @@ static inline void rcu_read_unlock_bh(void)
}
/**
- * rcu_read_lock_sched - mark the beginning of a RCU-classic critical section
+ * rcu_read_lock_sched() - mark the beginning of a RCU-sched critical section
*
- * Should be used with either
- * - synchronize_sched()
- * or
- * - call_rcu_sched() and rcu_barrier_sched()
- * on the write-side to insure proper synchronization.
+ * This is equivalent of rcu_read_lock(), but to be used when updates
+ * are being done using call_rcu_sched() or synchronize_rcu_sched().
+ * Read-side critical sections can also be introduced by anything that
+ * disables preemption, including local_irq_disable() and friends.
*/
static inline void rcu_read_lock_sched(void)
{
@@ -420,54 +649,14 @@ static inline notrace void rcu_read_unlock_sched_notrace(void)
preempt_enable_notrace();
}
-
-/**
- * rcu_dereference_raw - fetch an RCU-protected pointer
- *
- * The caller must be within some flavor of RCU read-side critical
- * section, or must be otherwise preventing the pointer from changing,
- * for example, by holding an appropriate lock. This pointer may later
- * be safely dereferenced. It is the caller's responsibility to have
- * done the right thing, as this primitive does no checking of any kind.
- *
- * Inserts memory barriers on architectures that require them
- * (currently only the Alpha), and, more importantly, documents
- * exactly which pointers are protected by RCU.
- */
-#define rcu_dereference_raw(p) ({ \
- typeof(p) _________p1 = ACCESS_ONCE(p); \
- smp_read_barrier_depends(); \
- (_________p1); \
- })
-
-/**
- * rcu_dereference - fetch an RCU-protected pointer, checking for RCU
- *
- * Makes rcu_dereference_check() do the dirty work.
- */
-#define rcu_dereference(p) \
- rcu_dereference_check(p, rcu_read_lock_held())
-
/**
- * rcu_dereference_bh - fetch an RCU-protected pointer, checking for RCU-bh
+ * rcu_assign_pointer() - assign to RCU-protected pointer
+ * @p: pointer to assign to
+ * @v: value to assign (publish)
*
- * Makes rcu_dereference_check() do the dirty work.
- */
-#define rcu_dereference_bh(p) \
- rcu_dereference_check(p, rcu_read_lock_bh_held())
-
-/**
- * rcu_dereference_sched - fetch RCU-protected pointer, checking for RCU-sched
- *
- * Makes rcu_dereference_check() do the dirty work.
- */
-#define rcu_dereference_sched(p) \
- rcu_dereference_check(p, rcu_read_lock_sched_held())
-
-/**
- * rcu_assign_pointer - assign (publicize) a pointer to a newly
- * initialized structure that will be dereferenced by RCU read-side
- * critical sections. Returns the value assigned.
+ * Assigns the specified value to the specified RCU-protected
+ * pointer, ensuring that any concurrent RCU readers will see
+ * any prior initialization. Returns the value assigned.
*
* Inserts memory barriers on architectures that require them
* (pretty much all of them other than x86), and also prevents
@@ -476,14 +665,17 @@ static inline notrace void rcu_read_unlock_sched_notrace(void)
* call documents which pointers will be dereferenced by RCU read-side
* code.
*/
-
#define rcu_assign_pointer(p, v) \
- ({ \
- if (!__builtin_constant_p(v) || \
- ((v) != NULL)) \
- smp_wmb(); \
- (p) = (v); \
- })
+ __rcu_assign_pointer((p), (v), __rcu)
+
+/**
+ * RCU_INIT_POINTER() - initialize an RCU protected pointer
+ *
+ * Initialize an RCU-protected pointer in such a way to avoid RCU-lockdep
+ * splats.
+ */
+#define RCU_INIT_POINTER(p, v) \
+ p = (typeof(*v) __force __rcu *)(v)
/* Infrastructure to implement the synchronize_() primitives. */
@@ -494,26 +686,37 @@ struct rcu_synchronize {
extern void wakeme_after_rcu(struct rcu_head *head);
+#ifdef CONFIG_PREEMPT_RCU
+
/**
- * call_rcu - Queue an RCU callback for invocation after a grace period.
+ * call_rcu() - Queue an RCU callback for invocation after a grace period.
* @head: structure to be used for queueing the RCU updates.
- * @func: actual update function to be invoked after the grace period
+ * @func: actual callback function to be invoked after the grace period
*
- * The update function will be invoked some time after a full grace
- * period elapses, in other words after all currently executing RCU
- * read-side critical sections have completed. RCU read-side critical
+ * The callback function will be invoked some time after a full grace
+ * period elapses, in other words after all pre-existing RCU read-side
+ * critical sections have completed. However, the callback function
+ * might well execute concurrently with RCU read-side critical sections
+ * that started after call_rcu() was invoked. RCU read-side critical
* sections are delimited by rcu_read_lock() and rcu_read_unlock(),
* and may be nested.
*/
extern void call_rcu(struct rcu_head *head,
void (*func)(struct rcu_head *head));
+#else /* #ifdef CONFIG_PREEMPT_RCU */
+
+/* In classic RCU, call_rcu() is just call_rcu_sched(). */
+#define call_rcu call_rcu_sched
+
+#endif /* #else #ifdef CONFIG_PREEMPT_RCU */
+
/**
- * call_rcu_bh - Queue an RCU for invocation after a quicker grace period.
+ * call_rcu_bh() - Queue an RCU for invocation after a quicker grace period.
* @head: structure to be used for queueing the RCU updates.
- * @func: actual update function to be invoked after the grace period
+ * @func: actual callback function to be invoked after the grace period
*
- * The update function will be invoked some time after a full grace
+ * The callback function will be invoked some time after a full grace
* period elapses, in other words after all currently executing RCU
* read-side critical sections have completed. call_rcu_bh() assumes
* that the read-side critical sections end on completion of a softirq
@@ -566,37 +769,4 @@ static inline void debug_rcu_head_unqueue(struct rcu_head *head)
}
#endif /* #else !CONFIG_DEBUG_OBJECTS_RCU_HEAD */
-#ifndef CONFIG_PROVE_RCU
-#define __do_rcu_dereference_check(c) do { } while (0)
-#endif /* #ifdef CONFIG_PROVE_RCU */
-
-#define __rcu_dereference_index_check(p, c) \
- ({ \
- typeof(p) _________p1 = ACCESS_ONCE(p); \
- __do_rcu_dereference_check(c); \
- smp_read_barrier_depends(); \
- (_________p1); \
- })
-
-/**
- * rcu_dereference_index_check() - rcu_dereference for indices with debug checking
- * @p: The pointer to read, prior to dereferencing
- * @c: The conditions under which the dereference will take place
- *
- * Similar to rcu_dereference_check(), but omits the sparse checking.
- * This allows rcu_dereference_index_check() to be used on integers,
- * which can then be used as array indices. Attempting to use
- * rcu_dereference_check() on an integer will give compiler warnings
- * because the sparse address-space mechanism relies on dereferencing
- * the RCU-protected pointer. Dereferencing integers is not something
- * that even gcc will put up with.
- *
- * Note that this function does not implicitly check for RCU read-side
- * critical sections. If this function gains lots of uses, it might
- * make sense to provide versions for each flavor of RCU, but it does
- * not make sense as of early 2010.
- */
-#define rcu_dereference_index_check(p, c) \
- __rcu_dereference_index_check((p), (c))
-
#endif /* __LINUX_RCUPDATE_H */
diff --git a/include/linux/rcutiny.h b/include/linux/rcutiny.h
index e2e893144a8..13877cb93a6 100644
--- a/include/linux/rcutiny.h
+++ b/include/linux/rcutiny.h
@@ -27,103 +27,101 @@
#include <linux/cache.h>
-void rcu_sched_qs(int cpu);
-void rcu_bh_qs(int cpu);
-static inline void rcu_note_context_switch(int cpu)
-{
- rcu_sched_qs(cpu);
-}
+#define rcu_init_sched() do { } while (0)
-#define __rcu_read_lock() preempt_disable()
-#define __rcu_read_unlock() preempt_enable()
-#define __rcu_read_lock_bh() local_bh_disable()
-#define __rcu_read_unlock_bh() local_bh_enable()
-#define call_rcu_sched call_rcu
+#ifdef CONFIG_TINY_RCU
-#define rcu_init_sched() do { } while (0)
-extern void rcu_check_callbacks(int cpu, int user);
+static inline void synchronize_rcu_expedited(void)
+{
+ synchronize_sched(); /* Only one CPU, so pretty fast anyway!!! */
+}
-static inline int rcu_needs_cpu(int cpu)
+static inline void rcu_barrier(void)
{
- return 0;
+ rcu_barrier_sched(); /* Only one CPU, so only one list of callbacks! */
}
-/*
- * Return the number of grace periods.
- */
-static inline long rcu_batches_completed(void)
+#else /* #ifdef CONFIG_TINY_RCU */
+
+void rcu_barrier(void);
+void synchronize_rcu_expedited(void);
+
+#endif /* #else #ifdef CONFIG_TINY_RCU */
+
+static inline void synchronize_rcu_bh(void)
{
- return 0;
+ synchronize_sched();
}
-/*
- * Return the number of bottom-half grace periods.
- */
-static inline long rcu_batches_completed_bh(void)
+static inline void synchronize_rcu_bh_expedited(void)
{
- return 0;
+ synchronize_sched();
}
-static inline void rcu_force_quiescent_state(void)
+#ifdef CONFIG_TINY_RCU
+
+static inline void rcu_preempt_note_context_switch(void)
{
}
-static inline void rcu_bh_force_quiescent_state(void)
+static inline void exit_rcu(void)
{
}
-static inline void rcu_sched_force_quiescent_state(void)
+static inline int rcu_needs_cpu(int cpu)
{
+ return 0;
}
-extern void synchronize_sched(void);
+#else /* #ifdef CONFIG_TINY_RCU */
+
+void rcu_preempt_note_context_switch(void);
+extern void exit_rcu(void);
+int rcu_preempt_needs_cpu(void);
-static inline void synchronize_rcu(void)
+static inline int rcu_needs_cpu(int cpu)
{
- synchronize_sched();
+ return rcu_preempt_needs_cpu();
}
-static inline void synchronize_rcu_bh(void)
+#endif /* #else #ifdef CONFIG_TINY_RCU */
+
+static inline void rcu_note_context_switch(int cpu)
{
- synchronize_sched();
+ rcu_sched_qs(cpu);
+ rcu_preempt_note_context_switch();
}
-static inline void synchronize_rcu_expedited(void)
+/*
+ * Return the number of grace periods.
+ */
+static inline long rcu_batches_completed(void)
{
- synchronize_sched();
+ return 0;
}
-static inline void synchronize_rcu_bh_expedited(void)
+/*
+ * Return the number of bottom-half grace periods.
+ */
+static inline long rcu_batches_completed_bh(void)
{
- synchronize_sched();
+ return 0;
}
-struct notifier_block;
-
-#ifdef CONFIG_NO_HZ
-
-extern void rcu_enter_nohz(void);
-extern void rcu_exit_nohz(void);
-
-#else /* #ifdef CONFIG_NO_HZ */
-
-static inline void rcu_enter_nohz(void)
+static inline void rcu_force_quiescent_state(void)
{
}
-static inline void rcu_exit_nohz(void)
+static inline void rcu_bh_force_quiescent_state(void)
{
}
-#endif /* #else #ifdef CONFIG_NO_HZ */
-
-static inline void exit_rcu(void)
+static inline void rcu_sched_force_quiescent_state(void)
{
}
-static inline int rcu_preempt_depth(void)
+static inline void rcu_cpu_stall_reset(void)
{
- return 0;
}
#ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_LOCK_ALLOC
diff --git a/include/linux/rcutree.h b/include/linux/rcutree.h
index c0ed1c056f2..95518e62879 100644
--- a/include/linux/rcutree.h
+++ b/include/linux/rcutree.h
@@ -30,64 +30,23 @@
#ifndef __LINUX_RCUTREE_H
#define __LINUX_RCUTREE_H
-struct notifier_block;
-
-extern void rcu_sched_qs(int cpu);
-extern void rcu_bh_qs(int cpu);
extern void rcu_note_context_switch(int cpu);
extern int rcu_needs_cpu(int cpu);
+extern void rcu_cpu_stall_reset(void);
#ifdef CONFIG_TREE_PREEMPT_RCU
-extern void __rcu_read_lock(void);
-extern void __rcu_read_unlock(void);
-extern void synchronize_rcu(void);
extern void exit_rcu(void);
-/*
- * Defined as macro as it is a very low level header
- * included from areas that don't even know about current
- */
-#define rcu_preempt_depth() (current->rcu_read_lock_nesting)
-
#else /* #ifdef CONFIG_TREE_PREEMPT_RCU */
-static inline void __rcu_read_lock(void)
-{
- preempt_disable();
-}
-
-static inline void __rcu_read_unlock(void)
-{
- preempt_enable();
-}
-
-#define synchronize_rcu synchronize_sched
-
static inline void exit_rcu(void)
{
}
-static inline int rcu_preempt_depth(void)
-{
- return 0;
-}
-
#endif /* #else #ifdef CONFIG_TREE_PREEMPT_RCU */
-static inline void __rcu_read_lock_bh(void)
-{
- local_bh_disable();
-}
-static inline void __rcu_read_unlock_bh(void)
-{
- local_bh_enable();
-}
-
-extern void call_rcu_sched(struct rcu_head *head,
- void (*func)(struct rcu_head *rcu));
extern void synchronize_rcu_bh(void);
-extern void synchronize_sched(void);
extern void synchronize_rcu_expedited(void);
static inline void synchronize_rcu_bh_expedited(void)
@@ -95,7 +54,7 @@ static inline void synchronize_rcu_bh_expedited(void)
synchronize_sched_expedited();
}
-extern void rcu_check_callbacks(int cpu, int user);
+extern void rcu_barrier(void);
extern long rcu_batches_completed(void);
extern long rcu_batches_completed_bh(void);
@@ -104,18 +63,6 @@ extern void rcu_force_quiescent_state(void);
extern void rcu_bh_force_quiescent_state(void);
extern void rcu_sched_force_quiescent_state(void);
-#ifdef CONFIG_NO_HZ
-void rcu_enter_nohz(void);
-void rcu_exit_nohz(void);
-#else /* CONFIG_NO_HZ */
-static inline void rcu_enter_nohz(void)
-{
-}
-static inline void rcu_exit_nohz(void)
-{
-}
-#endif /* CONFIG_NO_HZ */
-
/* A context switch is a grace period for RCU-sched and RCU-bh. */
static inline int rcu_blocking_is_gp(void)
{
diff --git a/include/linux/sched.h b/include/linux/sched.h
index 1e2a6db2d7d..e18473f0eb7 100644
--- a/include/linux/sched.h
+++ b/include/linux/sched.h
@@ -1202,11 +1202,13 @@ struct task_struct {
unsigned int policy;
cpumask_t cpus_allowed;
-#ifdef CONFIG_TREE_PREEMPT_RCU
+#ifdef CONFIG_PREEMPT_RCU
int rcu_read_lock_nesting;
char rcu_read_unlock_special;
- struct rcu_node *rcu_blocked_node;
struct list_head rcu_node_entry;
+#endif /* #ifdef CONFIG_PREEMPT_RCU */
+#ifdef CONFIG_TREE_PREEMPT_RCU
+ struct rcu_node *rcu_blocked_node;
#endif /* #ifdef CONFIG_TREE_PREEMPT_RCU */
#if defined(CONFIG_SCHEDSTATS) || defined(CONFIG_TASK_DELAY_ACCT)
@@ -1288,9 +1290,9 @@ struct task_struct {
struct list_head cpu_timers[3];
/* process credentials */
- const struct cred *real_cred; /* objective and real subjective task
+ const struct cred __rcu *real_cred; /* objective and real subjective task
* credentials (COW) */
- const struct cred *cred; /* effective (overridable) subjective task
+ const struct cred __rcu *cred; /* effective (overridable) subjective task
* credentials (COW) */
struct mutex cred_guard_mutex; /* guard against foreign influences on
* credential calculations
@@ -1418,7 +1420,7 @@ struct task_struct {
#endif
#ifdef CONFIG_CGROUPS
/* Control Group info protected by css_set_lock */
- struct css_set *cgroups;
+ struct css_set __rcu *cgroups;
/* cg_list protected by css_set_lock and tsk->alloc_lock */
struct list_head cg_list;
#endif
@@ -1740,7 +1742,7 @@ extern void thread_group_times(struct task_struct *p, cputime_t *ut, cputime_t *
#define tsk_used_math(p) ((p)->flags & PF_USED_MATH)
#define used_math() tsk_used_math(current)
-#ifdef CONFIG_TREE_PREEMPT_RCU
+#ifdef CONFIG_PREEMPT_RCU
#define RCU_READ_UNLOCK_BLOCKED (1 << 0) /* blocked while in RCU read-side. */
#define RCU_READ_UNLOCK_NEED_QS (1 << 1) /* RCU core needs CPU response. */
@@ -1749,7 +1751,9 @@ static inline void rcu_copy_process(struct task_struct *p)
{
p->rcu_read_lock_nesting = 0;
p->rcu_read_unlock_special = 0;
+#ifdef CONFIG_TREE_PREEMPT_RCU
p->rcu_blocked_node = NULL;
+#endif
INIT_LIST_HEAD(&p->rcu_node_entry);
}
diff --git a/include/linux/srcu.h b/include/linux/srcu.h
index 4d5d2f546db..58971e891f4 100644
--- a/include/linux/srcu.h
+++ b/include/linux/srcu.h
@@ -108,19 +108,43 @@ static inline int srcu_read_lock_held(struct srcu_struct *sp)
#endif /* #else #ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_LOCK_ALLOC */
/**
- * srcu_dereference - fetch SRCU-protected pointer with checking
+ * srcu_dereference_check - fetch SRCU-protected pointer for later dereferencing
+ * @p: the pointer to fetch and protect for later dereferencing
+ * @sp: pointer to the srcu_struct, which is used to check that we
+ * really are in an SRCU read-side critical section.
+ * @c: condition to check for update-side use
*
- * Makes rcu_dereference_check() do the dirty work.
+ * If PROVE_RCU is enabled, invoking this outside of an RCU read-side
+ * critical section will result in an RCU-lockdep splat, unless @c evaluates
+ * to 1. The @c argument will normally be a logical expression containing
+ * lockdep_is_held() calls.
*/
-#define srcu_dereference(p, sp) \
- rcu_dereference_check(p, srcu_read_lock_held(sp))
+#define srcu_dereference_check(p, sp, c) \
+ __rcu_dereference_check((p), srcu_read_lock_held(sp) || (c), __rcu)
+
+/**
+ * srcu_dereference - fetch SRCU-protected pointer for later dereferencing
+ * @p: the pointer to fetch and protect for later dereferencing
+ * @sp: pointer to the srcu_struct, which is used to check that we
+ * really are in an SRCU read-side critical section.
+ *
+ * Makes rcu_dereference_check() do the dirty work. If PROVE_RCU
+ * is enabled, invoking this outside of an RCU read-side critical
+ * section will result in an RCU-lockdep splat.
+ */
+#define srcu_dereference(p, sp) srcu_dereference_check((p), (sp), 0)
/**
* srcu_read_lock - register a new reader for an SRCU-protected structure.
* @sp: srcu_struct in which to register the new reader.
*
* Enter an SRCU read-side critical section. Note that SRCU read-side
- * critical sections may be nested.
+ * critical sections may be nested. However, it is illegal to
+ * call anything that waits on an SRCU grace period for the same
+ * srcu_struct, whether directly or indirectly. Please note that
+ * one way to indirectly wait on an SRCU grace period is to acquire
+ * a mutex that is held elsewhere while calling synchronize_srcu() or
+ * synchronize_srcu_expedited().
*/
static inline int srcu_read_lock(struct srcu_struct *sp) __acquires(sp)
{
diff --git a/include/linux/sunrpc/auth_gss.h b/include/linux/sunrpc/auth_gss.h
index 671538d25bc..8eee9dbbfe7 100644
--- a/include/linux/sunrpc/auth_gss.h
+++ b/include/linux/sunrpc/auth_gss.h
@@ -69,7 +69,7 @@ struct gss_cl_ctx {
enum rpc_gss_proc gc_proc;
u32 gc_seq;
spinlock_t gc_seq_lock;
- struct gss_ctx *gc_gss_ctx;
+ struct gss_ctx __rcu *gc_gss_ctx;
struct xdr_netobj gc_wire_ctx;
u32 gc_win;
unsigned long gc_expiry;
@@ -80,7 +80,7 @@ struct gss_upcall_msg;
struct gss_cred {
struct rpc_cred gc_base;
enum rpc_gss_svc gc_service;
- struct gss_cl_ctx *gc_ctx;
+ struct gss_cl_ctx __rcu *gc_ctx;
struct gss_upcall_msg *gc_upcall;
unsigned long gc_upcall_timestamp;
unsigned char gc_machine_cred : 1;
diff --git a/include/net/cls_cgroup.h b/include/net/cls_cgroup.h
index 726cc353640..dd1fdb8293f 100644
--- a/include/net/cls_cgroup.h
+++ b/include/net/cls_cgroup.h
@@ -45,7 +45,8 @@ static inline u32 task_cls_classid(struct task_struct *p)
return 0;
rcu_read_lock();
- id = rcu_dereference(net_cls_subsys_id);
+ id = rcu_dereference_index_check(net_cls_subsys_id,
+ rcu_read_lock_held());
if (id >= 0)
classid = container_of(task_subsys_state(p, id),
struct cgroup_cls_state, css)->classid;
diff --git a/include/net/netfilter/nf_conntrack.h b/include/net/netfilter/nf_conntrack.h
index e624dae54fa..caf17db87db 100644
--- a/include/net/netfilter/nf_conntrack.h
+++ b/include/net/netfilter/nf_conntrack.h
@@ -75,7 +75,7 @@ struct nf_conntrack_helper;
/* nf_conn feature for connections that have a helper */
struct nf_conn_help {
/* Helper. if any */
- struct nf_conntrack_helper *helper;
+ struct nf_conntrack_helper __rcu *helper;
union nf_conntrack_help help;
diff --git a/init/Kconfig b/init/Kconfig
index 2de5b1cbadd..a619a1ac7f4 100644
--- a/init/Kconfig
+++ b/init/Kconfig
@@ -340,6 +340,7 @@ choice
config TREE_RCU
bool "Tree-based hierarchical RCU"
+ depends on !PREEMPT && SMP
help
This option selects the RCU implementation that is
designed for very large SMP system with hundreds or
@@ -347,7 +348,7 @@ config TREE_RCU
smaller systems.
config TREE_PREEMPT_RCU
- bool "Preemptable tree-based hierarchical RCU"
+ bool "Preemptible tree-based hierarchical RCU"
depends on PREEMPT
help
This option selects the RCU implementation that is
@@ -365,8 +366,22 @@ config TINY_RCU
is not required. This option greatly reduces the
memory footprint of RCU.
+config TINY_PREEMPT_RCU
+ bool "Preemptible UP-only small-memory-footprint RCU"
+ depends on !SMP && PREEMPT
+ help
+ This option selects the RCU implementation that is designed
+ for real-time UP systems. This option greatly reduces the
+ memory footprint of RCU.
+
endchoice
+config PREEMPT_RCU
+ def_bool ( TREE_PREEMPT_RCU || TINY_PREEMPT_RCU )
+ help
+ This option enables preemptible-RCU code that is common between
+ the TREE_PREEMPT_RCU and TINY_PREEMPT_RCU implementations.
+
config RCU_TRACE
bool "Enable tracing for RCU"
depends on TREE_RCU || TREE_PREEMPT_RCU
@@ -387,9 +402,12 @@ config RCU_FANOUT
help
This option controls the fanout of hierarchical implementations
of RCU, allowing RCU to work efficiently on machines with
- large numbers of CPUs. This value must be at least the cube
- root of NR_CPUS, which allows NR_CPUS up to 32,768 for 32-bit
- systems and up to 262,144 for 64-bit systems.
+ large numbers of CPUs. This value must be at least the fourth
+ root of NR_CPUS, which allows NR_CPUS to be insanely large.
+ The default value of RCU_FANOUT should be used for production
+ systems, but if you are stress-testing the RCU implementation
+ itself, small RCU_FANOUT values allow you to test large-system
+ code paths on small(er) systems.
Select a specific number if testing RCU itself.
Take the default if unsure.
diff --git a/kernel/Makefile b/kernel/Makefile
index 0b72d1a74be..17046b6e7c9 100644
--- a/kernel/Makefile
+++ b/kernel/Makefile
@@ -86,6 +86,7 @@ obj-$(CONFIG_TREE_RCU) += rcutree.o
obj-$(CONFIG_TREE_PREEMPT_RCU) += rcutree.o
obj-$(CONFIG_TREE_RCU_TRACE) += rcutree_trace.o
obj-$(CONFIG_TINY_RCU) += rcutiny.o
+obj-$(CONFIG_TINY_PREEMPT_RCU) += rcutiny.o
obj-$(CONFIG_RELAY) += relay.o
obj-$(CONFIG_SYSCTL) += utsname_sysctl.o
obj-$(CONFIG_TASK_DELAY_ACCT) += delayacct.o
diff --git a/kernel/cgroup.c b/kernel/cgroup.c
index 192f88c5b0f..e5c5497a7dc 100644
--- a/kernel/cgroup.c
+++ b/kernel/cgroup.c
@@ -138,7 +138,7 @@ struct css_id {
* is called after synchronize_rcu(). But for safe use, css_is_removed()
* css_tryget() should be used for avoiding race.
*/
- struct cgroup_subsys_state *css;
+ struct cgroup_subsys_state __rcu *css;
/*
* ID of this css.
*/
diff --git a/kernel/pid.c b/kernel/pid.c
index d55c6fb8d08..39b65b69584 100644
--- a/kernel/pid.c
+++ b/kernel/pid.c
@@ -401,7 +401,7 @@ struct task_struct *pid_task(struct pid *pid, enum pid_type type)
struct task_struct *result = NULL;
if (pid) {
struct hlist_node *first;
- first = rcu_dereference_check(pid->tasks[type].first,
+ first = rcu_dereference_check(hlist_first_rcu(&pid->tasks[type]),
rcu_read_lock_held() ||
lockdep_tasklist_lock_is_held());
if (first)
@@ -416,6 +416,7 @@ EXPORT_SYMBOL(pid_task);
*/
struct task_struct *find_task_by_pid_ns(pid_t nr, struct pid_namespace *ns)
{
+ rcu_lockdep_assert(rcu_read_lock_held());
return pid_task(find_pid_ns(nr, ns), PIDTYPE_PID);
}
diff --git a/kernel/rcupdate.c b/kernel/rcupdate.c
index 4d169835fb3..6c79e851521 100644
--- a/kernel/rcupdate.c
+++ b/kernel/rcupdate.c
@@ -73,12 +73,14 @@ int debug_lockdep_rcu_enabled(void)
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(debug_lockdep_rcu_enabled);
/**
- * rcu_read_lock_bh_held - might we be in RCU-bh read-side critical section?
+ * rcu_read_lock_bh_held() - might we be in RCU-bh read-side critical section?
*
* Check for bottom half being disabled, which covers both the
* CONFIG_PROVE_RCU and not cases. Note that if someone uses
* rcu_read_lock_bh(), but then later enables BH, lockdep (if enabled)
- * will show the situation.
+ * will show the situation. This is useful for debug checks in functions
+ * that require that they be called within an RCU read-side critical
+ * section.
*
* Check debug_lockdep_rcu_enabled() to prevent false positives during boot.
*/
diff --git a/kernel/rcutiny.c b/kernel/rcutiny.c
index 196ec02f8be..d806735342a 100644
--- a/kernel/rcutiny.c
+++ b/kernel/rcutiny.c
@@ -59,6 +59,14 @@ int rcu_scheduler_active __read_mostly;
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(rcu_scheduler_active);
#endif /* #ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_LOCK_ALLOC */
+/* Forward declarations for rcutiny_plugin.h. */
+static void __rcu_process_callbacks(struct rcu_ctrlblk *rcp);
+static void __call_rcu(struct rcu_head *head,
+ void (*func)(struct rcu_head *rcu),
+ struct rcu_ctrlblk *rcp);
+
+#include "rcutiny_plugin.h"
+
#ifdef CONFIG_NO_HZ
static long rcu_dynticks_nesting = 1;
@@ -140,6 +148,7 @@ void rcu_check_callbacks(int cpu, int user)
rcu_sched_qs(cpu);
else if (!in_softirq())
rcu_bh_qs(cpu);
+ rcu_preempt_check_callbacks();
}
/*
@@ -162,6 +171,7 @@ static void __rcu_process_callbacks(struct rcu_ctrlblk *rcp)
*rcp->donetail = NULL;
if (rcp->curtail == rcp->donetail)
rcp->curtail = &rcp->rcucblist;
+ rcu_preempt_remove_callbacks(rcp);
rcp->donetail = &rcp->rcucblist;
local_irq_restore(flags);
@@ -182,6 +192,7 @@ static void rcu_process_callbacks(struct softirq_action *unused)
{
__rcu_process_callbacks(&rcu_sched_ctrlblk);
__rcu_process_callbacks(&rcu_bh_ctrlblk);
+ rcu_preempt_process_callbacks();
}
/*
@@ -223,15 +234,15 @@ static void __call_rcu(struct rcu_head *head,
}
/*
- * Post an RCU callback to be invoked after the end of an RCU grace
+ * Post an RCU callback to be invoked after the end of an RCU-sched grace
* period. But since we have but one CPU, that would be after any
* quiescent state.
*/
-void call_rcu(struct rcu_head *head, void (*func)(struct rcu_head *rcu))
+void call_rcu_sched(struct rcu_head *head, void (*func)(struct rcu_head *rcu))
{
__call_rcu(head, func, &rcu_sched_ctrlblk);
}
-EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(call_rcu);
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(call_rcu_sched);
/*
* Post an RCU bottom-half callback to be invoked after any subsequent
@@ -243,20 +254,6 @@ void call_rcu_bh(struct rcu_head *head, void (*func)(struct rcu_head *rcu))
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(call_rcu_bh);
-void rcu_barrier(void)
-{
- struct rcu_synchronize rcu;
-
- init_rcu_head_on_stack(&rcu.head);
- init_completion(&rcu.completion);
- /* Will wake me after RCU finished. */
- call_rcu(&rcu.head, wakeme_after_rcu);
- /* Wait for it. */
- wait_for_completion(&rcu.completion);
- destroy_rcu_head_on_stack(&rcu.head);
-}
-EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(rcu_barrier);
-
void rcu_barrier_bh(void)
{
struct rcu_synchronize rcu;
@@ -289,5 +286,3 @@ void __init rcu_init(void)
{
open_softirq(RCU_SOFTIRQ, rcu_process_callbacks);
}
-
-#include "rcutiny_plugin.h"
diff --git a/kernel/rcutiny_plugin.h b/kernel/rcutiny_plugin.h
index d223a92bc74..c5bea1137dc 100644
--- a/kernel/rcutiny_plugin.h
+++ b/kernel/rcutiny_plugin.h
@@ -1,7 +1,7 @@
/*
- * Read-Copy Update mechanism for mutual exclusion (tree-based version)
+ * Read-Copy Update mechanism for mutual exclusion, the Bloatwatch edition
* Internal non-public definitions that provide either classic
- * or preemptable semantics.
+ * or preemptible semantics.
*
* This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
* it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
@@ -17,11 +17,583 @@
* along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software
* Foundation, Inc., 59 Temple Place - Suite 330, Boston, MA 02111-1307, USA.
*
- * Copyright IBM Corporation, 2009
+ * Copyright (c) 2010 Linaro
*
* Author: Paul E. McKenney <paulmck@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
*/
+#ifdef CONFIG_TINY_PREEMPT_RCU
+
+#include <linux/delay.h>
+
+/* Global control variables for preemptible RCU. */
+struct rcu_preempt_ctrlblk {
+ struct rcu_ctrlblk rcb; /* curtail: ->next ptr of last CB for GP. */
+ struct rcu_head **nexttail;
+ /* Tasks blocked in a preemptible RCU */
+ /* read-side critical section while an */
+ /* preemptible-RCU grace period is in */
+ /* progress must wait for a later grace */
+ /* period. This pointer points to the */
+ /* ->next pointer of the last task that */
+ /* must wait for a later grace period, or */
+ /* to &->rcb.rcucblist if there is no */
+ /* such task. */
+ struct list_head blkd_tasks;
+ /* Tasks blocked in RCU read-side critical */
+ /* section. Tasks are placed at the head */
+ /* of this list and age towards the tail. */
+ struct list_head *gp_tasks;
+ /* Pointer to the first task blocking the */
+ /* current grace period, or NULL if there */
+ /* is not such task. */
+ struct list_head *exp_tasks;
+ /* Pointer to first task blocking the */
+ /* current expedited grace period, or NULL */
+ /* if there is no such task. If there */
+ /* is no current expedited grace period, */
+ /* then there cannot be any such task. */
+ u8 gpnum; /* Current grace period. */
+ u8 gpcpu; /* Last grace period blocked by the CPU. */
+ u8 completed; /* Last grace period completed. */
+ /* If all three are equal, RCU is idle. */
+};
+
+static struct rcu_preempt_ctrlblk rcu_preempt_ctrlblk = {
+ .rcb.donetail = &rcu_preempt_ctrlblk.rcb.rcucblist,
+ .rcb.curtail = &rcu_preempt_ctrlblk.rcb.rcucblist,
+ .nexttail = &rcu_preempt_ctrlblk.rcb.rcucblist,
+ .blkd_tasks = LIST_HEAD_INIT(rcu_preempt_ctrlblk.blkd_tasks),
+};
+
+static int rcu_preempted_readers_exp(void);
+static void rcu_report_exp_done(void);
+
+/*
+ * Return true if the CPU has not yet responded to the current grace period.
+ */
+static int rcu_cpu_cur_gp(void)
+{
+ return rcu_preempt_ctrlblk.gpcpu != rcu_preempt_ctrlblk.gpnum;
+}
+
+/*
+ * Check for a running RCU reader. Because there is only one CPU,
+ * there can be but one running RCU reader at a time. ;-)
+ */
+static int rcu_preempt_running_reader(void)
+{
+ return current->rcu_read_lock_nesting;
+}
+
+/*
+ * Check for preempted RCU readers blocking any grace period.
+ * If the caller needs a reliable answer, it must disable hard irqs.
+ */
+static int rcu_preempt_blocked_readers_any(void)
+{
+ return !list_empty(&rcu_preempt_ctrlblk.blkd_tasks);
+}
+
+/*
+ * Check for preempted RCU readers blocking the current grace period.
+ * If the caller needs a reliable answer, it must disable hard irqs.
+ */
+static int rcu_preempt_blocked_readers_cgp(void)
+{
+ return rcu_preempt_ctrlblk.gp_tasks != NULL;
+}
+
+/*
+ * Return true if another preemptible-RCU grace period is needed.
+ */
+static int rcu_preempt_needs_another_gp(void)
+{
+ return *rcu_preempt_ctrlblk.rcb.curtail != NULL;
+}
+
+/*
+ * Return true if a preemptible-RCU grace period is in progress.
+ * The caller must disable hardirqs.
+ */
+static int rcu_preempt_gp_in_progress(void)
+{
+ return rcu_preempt_ctrlblk.completed != rcu_preempt_ctrlblk.gpnum;
+}
+
+/*
+ * Record a preemptible-RCU quiescent state for the specified CPU. Note
+ * that this just means that the task currently running on the CPU is
+ * in a quiescent state. There might be any number of tasks blocked
+ * while in an RCU read-side critical section.
+ *
+ * Unlike the other rcu_*_qs() functions, callers to this function
+ * must disable irqs in order to protect the assignment to
+ * ->rcu_read_unlock_special.
+ *
+ * Because this is a single-CPU implementation, the only way a grace
+ * period can end is if the CPU is in a quiescent state. The reason is
+ * that a blocked preemptible-RCU reader can exit its critical section
+ * only if the CPU is running it at the time. Therefore, when the
+ * last task blocking the current grace period exits its RCU read-side
+ * critical section, neither the CPU nor blocked tasks will be stopping
+ * the current grace period. (In contrast, SMP implementations
+ * might have CPUs running in RCU read-side critical sections that
+ * block later grace periods -- but this is not possible given only
+ * one CPU.)
+ */
+static void rcu_preempt_cpu_qs(void)
+{
+ /* Record both CPU and task as having responded to current GP. */
+ rcu_preempt_ctrlblk.gpcpu = rcu_preempt_ctrlblk.gpnum;
+ current->rcu_read_unlock_special &= ~RCU_READ_UNLOCK_NEED_QS;
+
+ /*
+ * If there is no GP, or if blocked readers are still blocking GP,
+ * then there is nothing more to do.
+ */
+ if (!rcu_preempt_gp_in_progress() || rcu_preempt_blocked_readers_cgp())
+ return;
+
+ /* Advance callbacks. */
+ rcu_preempt_ctrlblk.completed = rcu_preempt_ctrlblk.gpnum;
+ rcu_preempt_ctrlblk.rcb.donetail = rcu_preempt_ctrlblk.rcb.curtail;
+ rcu_preempt_ctrlblk.rcb.curtail = rcu_preempt_ctrlblk.nexttail;
+
+ /* If there are no blocked readers, next GP is done instantly. */
+ if (!rcu_preempt_blocked_readers_any())
+ rcu_preempt_ctrlblk.rcb.donetail = rcu_preempt_ctrlblk.nexttail;
+
+ /* If there are done callbacks, make RCU_SOFTIRQ process them. */
+ if (*rcu_preempt_ctrlblk.rcb.donetail != NULL)
+ raise_softirq(RCU_SOFTIRQ);
+}
+
+/*
+ * Start a new RCU grace period if warranted. Hard irqs must be disabled.
+ */
+static void rcu_preempt_start_gp(void)
+{
+ if (!rcu_preempt_gp_in_progress() && rcu_preempt_needs_another_gp()) {
+
+ /* Official start of GP. */
+ rcu_preempt_ctrlblk.gpnum++;
+
+ /* Any blocked RCU readers block new GP. */
+ if (rcu_preempt_blocked_readers_any())
+ rcu_preempt_ctrlblk.gp_tasks =
+ rcu_preempt_ctrlblk.blkd_tasks.next;
+
+ /* If there is no running reader, CPU is done with GP. */
+ if (!rcu_preempt_running_reader())
+ rcu_preempt_cpu_qs();
+ }
+}
+
+/*
+ * We have entered the scheduler, and the current task might soon be
+ * context-switched away from. If this task is in an RCU read-side
+ * critical section, we will no longer be able to rely on the CPU to
+ * record that fact, so we enqueue the task on the blkd_tasks list.
+ * If the task started after the current grace period began, as recorded
+ * by ->gpcpu, we enqueue at the beginning of the list. Otherwise
+ * before the element referenced by ->gp_tasks (or at the tail if
+ * ->gp_tasks is NULL) and point ->gp_tasks at the newly added element.
+ * The task will dequeue itself when it exits the outermost enclosing
+ * RCU read-side critical section. Therefore, the current grace period
+ * cannot be permitted to complete until the ->gp_tasks pointer becomes
+ * NULL.
+ *
+ * Caller must disable preemption.
+ */
+void rcu_preempt_note_context_switch(void)
+{
+ struct task_struct *t = current;
+ unsigned long flags;
+
+ local_irq_save(flags); /* must exclude scheduler_tick(). */
+ if (rcu_preempt_running_reader() &&
+ (t->rcu_read_unlock_special & RCU_READ_UNLOCK_BLOCKED) == 0) {
+
+ /* Possibly blocking in an RCU read-side critical section. */
+ t->rcu_read_unlock_special |= RCU_READ_UNLOCK_BLOCKED;
+
+ /*
+ * If this CPU has already checked in, then this task
+ * will hold up the next grace period rather than the
+ * current grace period. Queue the task accordingly.
+ * If the task is queued for the current grace period
+ * (i.e., this CPU has not yet passed through a quiescent
+ * state for the current grace period), then as long
+ * as that task remains queued, the current grace period
+ * cannot end.
+ */
+ list_add(&t->rcu_node_entry, &rcu_preempt_ctrlblk.blkd_tasks);
+ if (rcu_cpu_cur_gp())
+ rcu_preempt_ctrlblk.gp_tasks = &t->rcu_node_entry;
+ }
+
+ /*
+ * Either we were not in an RCU read-side critical section to
+ * begin with, or we have now recorded that critical section
+ * globally. Either way, we can now note a quiescent state
+ * for this CPU. Again, if we were in an RCU read-side critical
+ * section, and if that critical section was blocking the current
+ * grace period, then the fact that the task has been enqueued
+ * means that current grace period continues to be blocked.
+ */
+ rcu_preempt_cpu_qs();
+ local_irq_restore(flags);
+}
+
+/*
+ * Tiny-preemptible RCU implementation for rcu_read_lock().
+ * Just increment ->rcu_read_lock_nesting, shared state will be updated
+ * if we block.
+ */
+void __rcu_read_lock(void)
+{
+ current->rcu_read_lock_nesting++;
+ barrier(); /* needed if we ever invoke rcu_read_lock in rcutiny.c */
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(__rcu_read_lock);
+
+/*
+ * Handle special cases during rcu_read_unlock(), such as needing to
+ * notify RCU core processing or task having blocked during the RCU
+ * read-side critical section.
+ */
+static void rcu_read_unlock_special(struct task_struct *t)
+{
+ int empty;
+ int empty_exp;
+ unsigned long flags;
+ struct list_head *np;
+ int special;
+
+ /*
+ * NMI handlers cannot block and cannot safely manipulate state.
+ * They therefore cannot possibly be special, so just leave.
+ */
+ if (in_nmi())
+ return;
+
+ local_irq_save(flags);
+
+ /*
+ * If RCU core is waiting for this CPU to exit critical section,
+ * let it know that we have done so.
+ */
+ special = t->rcu_read_unlock_special;
+ if (special & RCU_READ_UNLOCK_NEED_QS)
+ rcu_preempt_cpu_qs();
+
+ /* Hardware IRQ handlers cannot block. */
+ if (in_irq()) {
+ local_irq_restore(flags);
+ return;
+ }
+
+ /* Clean up if blocked during RCU read-side critical section. */
+ if (special & RCU_READ_UNLOCK_BLOCKED) {
+ t->rcu_read_unlock_special &= ~RCU_READ_UNLOCK_BLOCKED;
+
+ /*
+ * Remove this task from the ->blkd_tasks list and adjust
+ * any pointers that might have been referencing it.
+ */
+ empty = !rcu_preempt_blocked_readers_cgp();
+ empty_exp = rcu_preempt_ctrlblk.exp_tasks == NULL;
+ np = t->rcu_node_entry.next;
+ if (np == &rcu_preempt_ctrlblk.blkd_tasks)
+ np = NULL;
+ list_del(&t->rcu_node_entry);
+ if (&t->rcu_node_entry == rcu_preempt_ctrlblk.gp_tasks)
+ rcu_preempt_ctrlblk.gp_tasks = np;
+ if (&t->rcu_node_entry == rcu_preempt_ctrlblk.exp_tasks)
+ rcu_preempt_ctrlblk.exp_tasks = np;
+ INIT_LIST_HEAD(&t->rcu_node_entry);
+
+ /*
+ * If this was the last task on the current list, and if
+ * we aren't waiting on the CPU, report the quiescent state
+ * and start a new grace period if needed.
+ */
+ if (!empty && !rcu_preempt_blocked_readers_cgp()) {
+ rcu_preempt_cpu_qs();
+ rcu_preempt_start_gp();
+ }
+
+ /*
+ * If this was the last task on the expedited lists,
+ * then we need wake up the waiting task.
+ */
+ if (!empty_exp && rcu_preempt_ctrlblk.exp_tasks == NULL)
+ rcu_report_exp_done();
+ }
+ local_irq_restore(flags);
+}
+
+/*
+ * Tiny-preemptible RCU implementation for rcu_read_unlock().
+ * Decrement ->rcu_read_lock_nesting. If the result is zero (outermost
+ * rcu_read_unlock()) and ->rcu_read_unlock_special is non-zero, then
+ * invoke rcu_read_unlock_special() to clean up after a context switch
+ * in an RCU read-side critical section and other special cases.
+ */
+void __rcu_read_unlock(void)
+{
+ struct task_struct *t = current;
+
+ barrier(); /* needed if we ever invoke rcu_read_unlock in rcutiny.c */
+ --t->rcu_read_lock_nesting;
+ barrier(); /* decrement before load of ->rcu_read_unlock_special */
+ if (t->rcu_read_lock_nesting == 0 &&
+ unlikely(ACCESS_ONCE(t->rcu_read_unlock_special)))
+ rcu_read_unlock_special(t);
+#ifdef CONFIG_PROVE_LOCKING
+ WARN_ON_ONCE(t->rcu_read_lock_nesting < 0);
+#endif /* #ifdef CONFIG_PROVE_LOCKING */
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(__rcu_read_unlock);
+
+/*
+ * Check for a quiescent state from the current CPU. When a task blocks,
+ * the task is recorded in the rcu_preempt_ctrlblk structure, which is
+ * checked elsewhere. This is called from the scheduling-clock interrupt.
+ *
+ * Caller must disable hard irqs.
+ */
+static void rcu_preempt_check_callbacks(void)
+{
+ struct task_struct *t = current;
+
+ if (!rcu_preempt_running_reader() && rcu_preempt_gp_in_progress())
+ rcu_preempt_cpu_qs();
+ if (&rcu_preempt_ctrlblk.rcb.rcucblist !=
+ rcu_preempt_ctrlblk.rcb.donetail)
+ raise_softirq(RCU_SOFTIRQ);
+ if (rcu_preempt_gp_in_progress() && rcu_preempt_running_reader())
+ t->rcu_read_unlock_special |= RCU_READ_UNLOCK_NEED_QS;
+}
+
+/*
+ * TINY_PREEMPT_RCU has an extra callback-list tail pointer to
+ * update, so this is invoked from __rcu_process_callbacks() to
+ * handle that case. Of course, it is invoked for all flavors of
+ * RCU, but RCU callbacks can appear only on one of the lists, and
+ * neither ->nexttail nor ->donetail can possibly be NULL, so there
+ * is no need for an explicit check.
+ */
+static void rcu_preempt_remove_callbacks(struct rcu_ctrlblk *rcp)
+{
+ if (rcu_preempt_ctrlblk.nexttail == rcp->donetail)
+ rcu_preempt_ctrlblk.nexttail = &rcp->rcucblist;
+}
+
+/*
+ * Process callbacks for preemptible RCU.
+ */
+static void rcu_preempt_process_callbacks(void)
+{
+ __rcu_process_callbacks(&rcu_preempt_ctrlblk.rcb);
+}
+
+/*
+ * Queue a preemptible -RCU callback for invocation after a grace period.
+ */
+void call_rcu(struct rcu_head *head, void (*func)(struct rcu_head *rcu))
+{
+ unsigned long flags;
+
+ debug_rcu_head_queue(head);
+ head->func = func;
+ head->next = NULL;
+
+ local_irq_save(flags);
+ *rcu_preempt_ctrlblk.nexttail = head;
+ rcu_preempt_ctrlblk.nexttail = &head->next;
+ rcu_preempt_start_gp(); /* checks to see if GP needed. */
+ local_irq_restore(flags);
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(call_rcu);
+
+void rcu_barrier(void)
+{
+ struct rcu_synchronize rcu;
+
+ init_rcu_head_on_stack(&rcu.head);
+ init_completion(&rcu.completion);
+ /* Will wake me after RCU finished. */
+ call_rcu(&rcu.head, wakeme_after_rcu);
+ /* Wait for it. */
+ wait_for_completion(&rcu.completion);
+ destroy_rcu_head_on_stack(&rcu.head);
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(rcu_barrier);
+
+/*
+ * synchronize_rcu - wait until a grace period has elapsed.
+ *
+ * Control will return to the caller some time after a full grace
+ * period has elapsed, in other words after all currently executing RCU
+ * read-side critical sections have completed. RCU read-side critical
+ * sections are delimited by rcu_read_lock() and rcu_read_unlock(),
+ * and may be nested.
+ */
+void synchronize_rcu(void)
+{
+#ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_LOCK_ALLOC
+ if (!rcu_scheduler_active)
+ return;
+#endif /* #ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_LOCK_ALLOC */
+
+ WARN_ON_ONCE(rcu_preempt_running_reader());
+ if (!rcu_preempt_blocked_readers_any())
+ return;
+
+ /* Once we get past the fastpath checks, same code as rcu_barrier(). */
+ rcu_barrier();
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(synchronize_rcu);
+
+static DECLARE_WAIT_QUEUE_HEAD(sync_rcu_preempt_exp_wq);
+static unsigned long sync_rcu_preempt_exp_count;
+static DEFINE_MUTEX(sync_rcu_preempt_exp_mutex);
+
+/*
+ * Return non-zero if there are any tasks in RCU read-side critical
+ * sections blocking the current preemptible-RCU expedited grace period.
+ * If there is no preemptible-RCU expedited grace period currently in
+ * progress, returns zero unconditionally.
+ */
+static int rcu_preempted_readers_exp(void)
+{
+ return rcu_preempt_ctrlblk.exp_tasks != NULL;
+}
+
+/*
+ * Report the exit from RCU read-side critical section for the last task
+ * that queued itself during or before the current expedited preemptible-RCU
+ * grace period.
+ */
+static void rcu_report_exp_done(void)
+{
+ wake_up(&sync_rcu_preempt_exp_wq);
+}
+
+/*
+ * Wait for an rcu-preempt grace period, but expedite it. The basic idea
+ * is to rely in the fact that there is but one CPU, and that it is
+ * illegal for a task to invoke synchronize_rcu_expedited() while in a
+ * preemptible-RCU read-side critical section. Therefore, any such
+ * critical sections must correspond to blocked tasks, which must therefore
+ * be on the ->blkd_tasks list. So just record the current head of the
+ * list in the ->exp_tasks pointer, and wait for all tasks including and
+ * after the task pointed to by ->exp_tasks to drain.
+ */
+void synchronize_rcu_expedited(void)
+{
+ unsigned long flags;
+ struct rcu_preempt_ctrlblk *rpcp = &rcu_preempt_ctrlblk;
+ unsigned long snap;
+
+ barrier(); /* ensure prior action seen before grace period. */
+
+ WARN_ON_ONCE(rcu_preempt_running_reader());
+
+ /*
+ * Acquire lock so that there is only one preemptible RCU grace
+ * period in flight. Of course, if someone does the expedited
+ * grace period for us while we are acquiring the lock, just leave.
+ */
+ snap = sync_rcu_preempt_exp_count + 1;
+ mutex_lock(&sync_rcu_preempt_exp_mutex);
+ if (ULONG_CMP_LT(snap, sync_rcu_preempt_exp_count))
+ goto unlock_mb_ret; /* Others did our work for us. */
+
+ local_irq_save(flags);
+
+ /*
+ * All RCU readers have to already be on blkd_tasks because
+ * we cannot legally be executing in an RCU read-side critical
+ * section.
+ */
+
+ /* Snapshot current head of ->blkd_tasks list. */
+ rpcp->exp_tasks = rpcp->blkd_tasks.next;
+ if (rpcp->exp_tasks == &rpcp->blkd_tasks)
+ rpcp->exp_tasks = NULL;
+ local_irq_restore(flags);
+
+ /* Wait for tail of ->blkd_tasks list to drain. */
+ if (rcu_preempted_readers_exp())
+ wait_event(sync_rcu_preempt_exp_wq,
+ !rcu_preempted_readers_exp());
+
+ /* Clean up and exit. */
+ barrier(); /* ensure expedited GP seen before counter increment. */
+ sync_rcu_preempt_exp_count++;
+unlock_mb_ret:
+ mutex_unlock(&sync_rcu_preempt_exp_mutex);
+ barrier(); /* ensure subsequent action seen after grace period. */
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(synchronize_rcu_expedited);
+
+/*
+ * Does preemptible RCU need the CPU to stay out of dynticks mode?
+ */
+int rcu_preempt_needs_cpu(void)
+{
+ if (!rcu_preempt_running_reader())
+ rcu_preempt_cpu_qs();
+ return rcu_preempt_ctrlblk.rcb.rcucblist != NULL;
+}
+
+/*
+ * Check for a task exiting while in a preemptible -RCU read-side
+ * critical section, clean up if so. No need to issue warnings,
+ * as debug_check_no_locks_held() already does this if lockdep
+ * is enabled.
+ */
+void exit_rcu(void)
+{
+ struct task_struct *t = current;
+
+ if (t->rcu_read_lock_nesting == 0)
+ return;
+ t->rcu_read_lock_nesting = 1;
+ rcu_read_unlock();
+}
+
+#else /* #ifdef CONFIG_TINY_PREEMPT_RCU */
+
+/*
+ * Because preemptible RCU does not exist, it never has any callbacks
+ * to check.
+ */
+static void rcu_preempt_check_callbacks(void)
+{
+}
+
+/*
+ * Because preemptible RCU does not exist, it never has any callbacks
+ * to remove.
+ */
+static void rcu_preempt_remove_callbacks(struct rcu_ctrlblk *rcp)
+{
+}
+
+/*
+ * Because preemptible RCU does not exist, it never has any callbacks
+ * to process.
+ */
+static void rcu_preempt_process_callbacks(void)
+{
+}
+
+#endif /* #else #ifdef CONFIG_TINY_PREEMPT_RCU */
+
#ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_LOCK_ALLOC
#include <linux/kernel_stat.h>
diff --git a/kernel/rcutorture.c b/kernel/rcutorture.c
index 2e2726d790b..729710273dc 100644
--- a/kernel/rcutorture.c
+++ b/kernel/rcutorture.c
@@ -303,6 +303,10 @@ static void rcu_read_delay(struct rcu_random_state *rrsp)
mdelay(longdelay_ms);
if (!(rcu_random(rrsp) % (nrealreaders * 2 * shortdelay_us)))
udelay(shortdelay_us);
+#ifdef CONFIG_PREEMPT
+ if (!preempt_count() && !(rcu_random(rrsp) % (nrealreaders * 20000)))
+ preempt_schedule(); /* No QS if preempt_disable() in effect */
+#endif
}
static void rcu_torture_read_unlock(int idx) __releases(RCU)
@@ -536,6 +540,8 @@ static void srcu_read_delay(struct rcu_random_state *rrsp)
delay = rcu_random(rrsp) % (nrealreaders * 2 * longdelay * uspertick);
if (!delay)
schedule_timeout_interruptible(longdelay);
+ else
+ rcu_read_delay(rrsp);
}
static void srcu_torture_read_unlock(int idx) __releases(&srcu_ctl)
diff --git a/kernel/rcutree.c b/kernel/rcutree.c
index d5bc43976c5..42140a860bb 100644
--- a/kernel/rcutree.c
+++ b/kernel/rcutree.c
@@ -143,6 +143,11 @@ module_param(blimit, int, 0);
module_param(qhimark, int, 0);
module_param(qlowmark, int, 0);
+#ifdef CONFIG_RCU_CPU_STALL_DETECTOR
+int rcu_cpu_stall_suppress __read_mostly = RCU_CPU_STALL_SUPPRESS_INIT;
+module_param(rcu_cpu_stall_suppress, int, 0644);
+#endif /* #ifdef CONFIG_RCU_CPU_STALL_DETECTOR */
+
static void force_quiescent_state(struct rcu_state *rsp, int relaxed);
static int rcu_pending(int cpu);
@@ -450,7 +455,7 @@ static int rcu_implicit_dynticks_qs(struct rcu_data *rdp)
#ifdef CONFIG_RCU_CPU_STALL_DETECTOR
-int rcu_cpu_stall_panicking __read_mostly;
+int rcu_cpu_stall_suppress __read_mostly;
static void record_gp_stall_check_time(struct rcu_state *rsp)
{
@@ -482,8 +487,11 @@ static void print_other_cpu_stall(struct rcu_state *rsp)
rcu_print_task_stall(rnp);
raw_spin_unlock_irqrestore(&rnp->lock, flags);
- /* OK, time to rat on our buddy... */
-
+ /*
+ * OK, time to rat on our buddy...
+ * See Documentation/RCU/stallwarn.txt for info on how to debug
+ * RCU CPU stall warnings.
+ */
printk(KERN_ERR "INFO: %s detected stalls on CPUs/tasks: {",
rsp->name);
rcu_for_each_leaf_node(rsp, rnp) {
@@ -512,6 +520,11 @@ static void print_cpu_stall(struct rcu_state *rsp)
unsigned long flags;
struct rcu_node *rnp = rcu_get_root(rsp);
+ /*
+ * OK, time to rat on ourselves...
+ * See Documentation/RCU/stallwarn.txt for info on how to debug
+ * RCU CPU stall warnings.
+ */
printk(KERN_ERR "INFO: %s detected stall on CPU %d (t=%lu jiffies)\n",
rsp->name, smp_processor_id(), jiffies - rsp->gp_start);
trigger_all_cpu_backtrace();
@@ -530,7 +543,7 @@ static void check_cpu_stall(struct rcu_state *rsp, struct rcu_data *rdp)
long delta;
struct rcu_node *rnp;
- if (rcu_cpu_stall_panicking)
+ if (rcu_cpu_stall_suppress)
return;
delta = jiffies - rsp->jiffies_stall;
rnp = rdp->mynode;
@@ -548,10 +561,26 @@ static void check_cpu_stall(struct rcu_state *rsp, struct rcu_data *rdp)
static int rcu_panic(struct notifier_block *this, unsigned long ev, void *ptr)
{
- rcu_cpu_stall_panicking = 1;
+ rcu_cpu_stall_suppress = 1;
return NOTIFY_DONE;
}
+/**
+ * rcu_cpu_stall_reset - prevent further stall warnings in current grace period
+ *
+ * Set the stall-warning timeout way off into the future, thus preventing
+ * any RCU CPU stall-warning messages from appearing in the current set of
+ * RCU grace periods.
+ *
+ * The caller must disable hard irqs.
+ */
+void rcu_cpu_stall_reset(void)
+{
+ rcu_sched_state.jiffies_stall = jiffies + ULONG_MAX / 2;
+ rcu_bh_state.jiffies_stall = jiffies + ULONG_MAX / 2;
+ rcu_preempt_stall_reset();
+}
+
static struct notifier_block rcu_panic_block = {
.notifier_call = rcu_panic,
};
@@ -571,6 +600,10 @@ static void check_cpu_stall(struct rcu_state *rsp, struct rcu_data *rdp)
{
}
+void rcu_cpu_stall_reset(void)
+{
+}
+
static void __init check_cpu_stall_init(void)
{
}
@@ -712,7 +745,7 @@ static void
rcu_start_gp(struct rcu_state *rsp, unsigned long flags)
__releases(rcu_get_root(rsp)->lock)
{
- struct rcu_data *rdp = rsp->rda[smp_processor_id()];
+ struct rcu_data *rdp = this_cpu_ptr(rsp->rda);
struct rcu_node *rnp = rcu_get_root(rsp);
if (!cpu_needs_another_gp(rsp, rdp) || rsp->fqs_active) {
@@ -960,7 +993,7 @@ rcu_check_quiescent_state(struct rcu_state *rsp, struct rcu_data *rdp)
static void rcu_send_cbs_to_orphanage(struct rcu_state *rsp)
{
int i;
- struct rcu_data *rdp = rsp->rda[smp_processor_id()];
+ struct rcu_data *rdp = this_cpu_ptr(rsp->rda);
if (rdp->nxtlist == NULL)
return; /* irqs disabled, so comparison is stable. */
@@ -984,7 +1017,7 @@ static void rcu_adopt_orphan_cbs(struct rcu_state *rsp)
struct rcu_data *rdp;
raw_spin_lock_irqsave(&rsp->onofflock, flags);
- rdp = rsp->rda[smp_processor_id()];
+ rdp = this_cpu_ptr(rsp->rda);
if (rsp->orphan_cbs_list == NULL) {
raw_spin_unlock_irqrestore(&rsp->onofflock, flags);
return;
@@ -1007,7 +1040,7 @@ static void __rcu_offline_cpu(int cpu, struct rcu_state *rsp)
unsigned long flags;
unsigned long mask;
int need_report = 0;
- struct rcu_data *rdp = rsp->rda[cpu];
+ struct rcu_data *rdp = per_cpu_ptr(rsp->rda, cpu);
struct rcu_node *rnp;
/* Exclude any attempts to start a new grace period. */
@@ -1226,7 +1259,8 @@ static void force_qs_rnp(struct rcu_state *rsp, int (*f)(struct rcu_data *))
cpu = rnp->grplo;
bit = 1;
for (; cpu <= rnp->grphi; cpu++, bit <<= 1) {
- if ((rnp->qsmask & bit) != 0 && f(rsp->rda[cpu]))
+ if ((rnp->qsmask & bit) != 0 &&
+ f(per_cpu_ptr(rsp->rda, cpu)))
mask |= bit;
}
if (mask != 0) {
@@ -1402,7 +1436,7 @@ __call_rcu(struct rcu_head *head, void (*func)(struct rcu_head *rcu),
* a quiescent state betweentimes.
*/
local_irq_save(flags);
- rdp = rsp->rda[smp_processor_id()];
+ rdp = this_cpu_ptr(rsp->rda);
rcu_process_gp_end(rsp, rdp);
check_for_new_grace_period(rsp, rdp);
@@ -1701,7 +1735,7 @@ rcu_boot_init_percpu_data(int cpu, struct rcu_state *rsp)
{
unsigned long flags;
int i;
- struct rcu_data *rdp = rsp->rda[cpu];
+ struct rcu_data *rdp = per_cpu_ptr(rsp->rda, cpu);
struct rcu_node *rnp = rcu_get_root(rsp);
/* Set up local state, ensuring consistent view of global state. */
@@ -1729,7 +1763,7 @@ rcu_init_percpu_data(int cpu, struct rcu_state *rsp, int preemptable)
{
unsigned long flags;
unsigned long mask;
- struct rcu_data *rdp = rsp->rda[cpu];
+ struct rcu_data *rdp = per_cpu_ptr(rsp->rda, cpu);
struct rcu_node *rnp = rcu_get_root(rsp);
/* Set up local state, ensuring consistent view of global state. */
@@ -1865,7 +1899,8 @@ static void __init rcu_init_levelspread(struct rcu_state *rsp)
/*
* Helper function for rcu_init() that initializes one rcu_state structure.
*/
-static void __init rcu_init_one(struct rcu_state *rsp)
+static void __init rcu_init_one(struct rcu_state *rsp,
+ struct rcu_data __percpu *rda)
{
static char *buf[] = { "rcu_node_level_0",
"rcu_node_level_1",
@@ -1918,37 +1953,23 @@ static void __init rcu_init_one(struct rcu_state *rsp)
}
}
+ rsp->rda = rda;
rnp = rsp->level[NUM_RCU_LVLS - 1];
for_each_possible_cpu(i) {
while (i > rnp->grphi)
rnp++;
- rsp->rda[i]->mynode = rnp;
+ per_cpu_ptr(rsp->rda, i)->mynode = rnp;
rcu_boot_init_percpu_data(i, rsp);
}
}
-/*
- * Helper macro for __rcu_init() and __rcu_init_preempt(). To be used
- * nowhere else! Assigns leaf node pointers into each CPU's rcu_data
- * structure.
- */
-#define RCU_INIT_FLAVOR(rsp, rcu_data) \
-do { \
- int i; \
- \
- for_each_possible_cpu(i) { \
- (rsp)->rda[i] = &per_cpu(rcu_data, i); \
- } \
- rcu_init_one(rsp); \
-} while (0)
-
void __init rcu_init(void)
{
int cpu;
rcu_bootup_announce();
- RCU_INIT_FLAVOR(&rcu_sched_state, rcu_sched_data);
- RCU_INIT_FLAVOR(&rcu_bh_state, rcu_bh_data);
+ rcu_init_one(&rcu_sched_state, &rcu_sched_data);
+ rcu_init_one(&rcu_bh_state, &rcu_bh_data);
__rcu_init_preempt();
open_softirq(RCU_SOFTIRQ, rcu_process_callbacks);
diff --git a/kernel/rcutree.h b/kernel/rcutree.h
index 14c040b18ed..7918ba61873 100644
--- a/kernel/rcutree.h
+++ b/kernel/rcutree.h
@@ -254,19 +254,23 @@ struct rcu_data {
#define RCU_STALL_DELAY_DELTA 0
#endif
-#define RCU_SECONDS_TILL_STALL_CHECK (10 * HZ + RCU_STALL_DELAY_DELTA)
+#define RCU_SECONDS_TILL_STALL_CHECK (CONFIG_RCU_CPU_STALL_TIMEOUT * HZ + \
+ RCU_STALL_DELAY_DELTA)
/* for rsp->jiffies_stall */
-#define RCU_SECONDS_TILL_STALL_RECHECK (30 * HZ + RCU_STALL_DELAY_DELTA)
+#define RCU_SECONDS_TILL_STALL_RECHECK (3 * RCU_SECONDS_TILL_STALL_CHECK + 30)
/* for rsp->jiffies_stall */
#define RCU_STALL_RAT_DELAY 2 /* Allow other CPUs time */
/* to take at least one */
/* scheduling clock irq */
/* before ratting on them. */
-#endif /* #ifdef CONFIG_RCU_CPU_STALL_DETECTOR */
+#ifdef CONFIG_RCU_CPU_STALL_DETECTOR_RUNNABLE
+#define RCU_CPU_STALL_SUPPRESS_INIT 0
+#else
+#define RCU_CPU_STALL_SUPPRESS_INIT 1
+#endif
-#define ULONG_CMP_GE(a, b) (ULONG_MAX / 2 >= (a) - (b))
-#define ULONG_CMP_LT(a, b) (ULONG_MAX / 2 < (a) - (b))
+#endif /* #ifdef CONFIG_RCU_CPU_STALL_DETECTOR */
/*
* RCU global state, including node hierarchy. This hierarchy is
@@ -283,7 +287,7 @@ struct rcu_state {
struct rcu_node *level[NUM_RCU_LVLS]; /* Hierarchy levels. */
u32 levelcnt[MAX_RCU_LVLS + 1]; /* # nodes in each level. */
u8 levelspread[NUM_RCU_LVLS]; /* kids/node in each level. */
- struct rcu_data *rda[NR_CPUS]; /* array of rdp pointers. */
+ struct rcu_data __percpu *rda; /* pointer of percu rcu_data. */
/* The following fields are guarded by the root rcu_node's lock. */
@@ -365,6 +369,7 @@ static void rcu_report_unblock_qs_rnp(struct rcu_node *rnp,
#ifdef CONFIG_RCU_CPU_STALL_DETECTOR
static void rcu_print_detail_task_stall(struct rcu_state *rsp);
static void rcu_print_task_stall(struct rcu_node *rnp);
+static void rcu_preempt_stall_reset(void);
#endif /* #ifdef CONFIG_RCU_CPU_STALL_DETECTOR */
static void rcu_preempt_check_blocked_tasks(struct rcu_node *rnp);
#ifdef CONFIG_HOTPLUG_CPU
diff --git a/kernel/rcutree_plugin.h b/kernel/rcutree_plugin.h
index 0e4f420245d..e9e0bc74ff3 100644
--- a/kernel/rcutree_plugin.h
+++ b/kernel/rcutree_plugin.h
@@ -154,7 +154,7 @@ static void rcu_preempt_note_context_switch(int cpu)
(t->rcu_read_unlock_special & RCU_READ_UNLOCK_BLOCKED) == 0) {
/* Possibly blocking in an RCU read-side critical section. */
- rdp = rcu_preempt_state.rda[cpu];
+ rdp = per_cpu_ptr(rcu_preempt_state.rda, cpu);
rnp = rdp->mynode;
raw_spin_lock_irqsave(&rnp->lock, flags);
t->rcu_read_unlock_special |= RCU_READ_UNLOCK_BLOCKED;
@@ -201,7 +201,7 @@ static void rcu_preempt_note_context_switch(int cpu)
*/
void __rcu_read_lock(void)
{
- ACCESS_ONCE(current->rcu_read_lock_nesting)++;
+ current->rcu_read_lock_nesting++;
barrier(); /* needed if we ever invoke rcu_read_lock in rcutree.c */
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(__rcu_read_lock);
@@ -344,7 +344,9 @@ void __rcu_read_unlock(void)
struct task_struct *t = current;
barrier(); /* needed if we ever invoke rcu_read_unlock in rcutree.c */
- if (--ACCESS_ONCE(t->rcu_read_lock_nesting) == 0 &&
+ --t->rcu_read_lock_nesting;
+ barrier(); /* decrement before load of ->rcu_read_unlock_special */
+ if (t->rcu_read_lock_nesting == 0 &&
unlikely(ACCESS_ONCE(t->rcu_read_unlock_special)))
rcu_read_unlock_special(t);
#ifdef CONFIG_PROVE_LOCKING
@@ -417,6 +419,16 @@ static void rcu_print_task_stall(struct rcu_node *rnp)
}
}
+/*
+ * Suppress preemptible RCU's CPU stall warnings by pushing the
+ * time of the next stall-warning message comfortably far into the
+ * future.
+ */
+static void rcu_preempt_stall_reset(void)
+{
+ rcu_preempt_state.jiffies_stall = jiffies + ULONG_MAX / 2;
+}
+
#endif /* #ifdef CONFIG_RCU_CPU_STALL_DETECTOR */
/*
@@ -546,9 +558,11 @@ EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(call_rcu);
*
* Control will return to the caller some time after a full grace
* period has elapsed, in other words after all currently executing RCU
- * read-side critical sections have completed. RCU read-side critical
- * sections are delimited by rcu_read_lock() and rcu_read_unlock(),
- * and may be nested.
+ * read-side critical sections have completed. Note, however, that
+ * upon return from synchronize_rcu(), the caller might well be executing
+ * concurrently with new RCU read-side critical sections that began while
+ * synchronize_rcu() was waiting. RCU read-side critical sections are
+ * delimited by rcu_read_lock() and rcu_read_unlock(), and may be nested.
*/
void synchronize_rcu(void)
{
@@ -771,7 +785,7 @@ static void rcu_preempt_send_cbs_to_orphanage(void)
*/
static void __init __rcu_init_preempt(void)
{
- RCU_INIT_FLAVOR(&rcu_preempt_state, rcu_preempt_data);
+ rcu_init_one(&rcu_preempt_state, &rcu_preempt_data);
}
/*
@@ -865,6 +879,14 @@ static void rcu_print_task_stall(struct rcu_node *rnp)
{
}
+/*
+ * Because preemptible RCU does not exist, there is no need to suppress
+ * its CPU stall warnings.
+ */
+static void rcu_preempt_stall_reset(void)
+{
+}
+
#endif /* #ifdef CONFIG_RCU_CPU_STALL_DETECTOR */
/*
@@ -919,15 +941,6 @@ static void rcu_preempt_process_callbacks(void)
}
/*
- * In classic RCU, call_rcu() is just call_rcu_sched().
- */
-void call_rcu(struct rcu_head *head, void (*func)(struct rcu_head *rcu))
-{
- call_rcu_sched(head, func);
-}
-EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(call_rcu);
-
-/*
* Wait for an rcu-preempt grace period, but make it happen quickly.
* But because preemptable RCU does not exist, map to rcu-sched.
*/
diff --git a/kernel/rcutree_trace.c b/kernel/rcutree_trace.c
index 36c95b45738..458e032a3a3 100644
--- a/kernel/rcutree_trace.c
+++ b/kernel/rcutree_trace.c
@@ -262,7 +262,7 @@ static void print_rcu_pendings(struct seq_file *m, struct rcu_state *rsp)
struct rcu_data *rdp;
for_each_possible_cpu(cpu) {
- rdp = rsp->rda[cpu];
+ rdp = per_cpu_ptr(rsp->rda, cpu);
if (rdp->beenonline)
print_one_rcu_pending(m, rdp);
}
diff --git a/lib/Kconfig.debug b/lib/Kconfig.debug
index 1b4afd2e6ca..52c2172dff1 100644
--- a/lib/Kconfig.debug
+++ b/lib/Kconfig.debug
@@ -539,6 +539,19 @@ config PROVE_RCU_REPEATEDLY
disabling, allowing multiple RCU-lockdep warnings to be printed
on a single reboot.
+config SPARSE_RCU_POINTER
+ bool "RCU debugging: sparse-based checks for pointer usage"
+ default n
+ help
+ This feature enables the __rcu sparse annotation for
+ RCU-protected pointers. This annotation will cause sparse
+ to flag any non-RCU used of annotated pointers. This can be
+ helpful when debugging RCU usage. Please note that this feature
+ is not intended to enforce code cleanliness; it is instead merely
+ a debugging aid.
+
+ Say Y to make sparse flag questionable use of RCU-protected pointers
+
Say N if you are unsure.
config LOCKDEP
@@ -832,6 +845,30 @@ config RCU_CPU_STALL_DETECTOR
Say Y if you are unsure.
+config RCU_CPU_STALL_TIMEOUT
+ int "RCU CPU stall timeout in seconds"
+ depends on RCU_CPU_STALL_DETECTOR
+ range 3 300
+ default 60
+ help
+ If a given RCU grace period extends more than the specified
+ number of seconds, a CPU stall warning is printed. If the
+ RCU grace period persists, additional CPU stall warnings are
+ printed at more widely spaced intervals.
+
+config RCU_CPU_STALL_DETECTOR_RUNNABLE
+ bool "RCU CPU stall checking starts automatically at boot"
+ depends on RCU_CPU_STALL_DETECTOR
+ default y
+ help
+ If set, start checking for RCU CPU stalls immediately on
+ boot. Otherwise, RCU CPU stall checking must be manually
+ enabled.
+
+ Say Y if you are unsure.
+
+ Say N if you wish to suppress RCU CPU stall checking during boot.
+
config RCU_CPU_STALL_VERBOSE
bool "Print additional per-task information for RCU_CPU_STALL_DETECTOR"
depends on RCU_CPU_STALL_DETECTOR && TREE_PREEMPT_RCU
diff --git a/lib/radix-tree.c b/lib/radix-tree.c
index 5b7d4623f0b..0ccbcdf7500 100644
--- a/lib/radix-tree.c
+++ b/lib/radix-tree.c
@@ -49,7 +49,7 @@ struct radix_tree_node {
unsigned int height; /* Height from the bottom */
unsigned int count;
struct rcu_head rcu_head;
- void *slots[RADIX_TREE_MAP_SIZE];
+ void __rcu *slots[RADIX_TREE_MAP_SIZE];
unsigned long tags[RADIX_TREE_MAX_TAGS][RADIX_TREE_TAG_LONGS];
};
diff --git a/net/ipv4/netfilter/nf_nat_core.c b/net/ipv4/netfilter/nf_nat_core.c
index 8c8632d9b93..957c9241fb0 100644
--- a/net/ipv4/netfilter/nf_nat_core.c
+++ b/net/ipv4/netfilter/nf_nat_core.c
@@ -38,7 +38,7 @@ static DEFINE_SPINLOCK(nf_nat_lock);
static struct nf_conntrack_l3proto *l3proto __read_mostly;
#define MAX_IP_NAT_PROTO 256
-static const struct nf_nat_protocol *nf_nat_protos[MAX_IP_NAT_PROTO]
+static const struct nf_nat_protocol __rcu *nf_nat_protos[MAX_IP_NAT_PROTO]
__read_mostly;
static inline const struct nf_nat_protocol *
diff --git a/net/netfilter/core.c b/net/netfilter/core.c
index 78b505d33bf..fdaec7daff1 100644
--- a/net/netfilter/core.c
+++ b/net/netfilter/core.c
@@ -27,7 +27,7 @@
static DEFINE_MUTEX(afinfo_mutex);
-const struct nf_afinfo *nf_afinfo[NFPROTO_NUMPROTO] __read_mostly;
+const struct nf_afinfo __rcu *nf_afinfo[NFPROTO_NUMPROTO] __read_mostly;
EXPORT_SYMBOL(nf_afinfo);
int nf_register_afinfo(const struct nf_afinfo *afinfo)
diff --git a/net/netfilter/nf_conntrack_ecache.c b/net/netfilter/nf_conntrack_ecache.c
index cdcc7649476..5702de35e2b 100644
--- a/net/netfilter/nf_conntrack_ecache.c
+++ b/net/netfilter/nf_conntrack_ecache.c
@@ -26,10 +26,10 @@
static DEFINE_MUTEX(nf_ct_ecache_mutex);
-struct nf_ct_event_notifier *nf_conntrack_event_cb __read_mostly;
+struct nf_ct_event_notifier __rcu *nf_conntrack_event_cb __read_mostly;
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(nf_conntrack_event_cb);
-struct nf_exp_event_notifier *nf_expect_event_cb __read_mostly;
+struct nf_exp_event_notifier __rcu *nf_expect_event_cb __read_mostly;
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(nf_expect_event_cb);
/* deliver cached events and clear cache entry - must be called with locally
diff --git a/net/netfilter/nf_conntrack_extend.c b/net/netfilter/nf_conntrack_extend.c
index 7dcf7a40419..1d9bdae0616 100644
--- a/net/netfilter/nf_conntrack_extend.c
+++ b/net/netfilter/nf_conntrack_extend.c
@@ -16,7 +16,7 @@
#include <linux/skbuff.h>
#include <net/netfilter/nf_conntrack_extend.h>
-static struct nf_ct_ext_type *nf_ct_ext_types[NF_CT_EXT_NUM];
+static struct nf_ct_ext_type __rcu *nf_ct_ext_types[NF_CT_EXT_NUM];
static DEFINE_MUTEX(nf_ct_ext_type_mutex);
void __nf_ct_ext_destroy(struct nf_conn *ct)
diff --git a/net/netfilter/nf_conntrack_proto.c b/net/netfilter/nf_conntrack_proto.c
index 5886ba1d52a..ed6d9295802 100644
--- a/net/netfilter/nf_conntrack_proto.c
+++ b/net/netfilter/nf_conntrack_proto.c
@@ -28,8 +28,8 @@
#include <net/netfilter/nf_conntrack_l4proto.h>
#include <net/netfilter/nf_conntrack_core.h>
-static struct nf_conntrack_l4proto **nf_ct_protos[PF_MAX] __read_mostly;
-struct nf_conntrack_l3proto *nf_ct_l3protos[AF_MAX] __read_mostly;
+static struct nf_conntrack_l4proto __rcu **nf_ct_protos[PF_MAX] __read_mostly;
+struct nf_conntrack_l3proto __rcu *nf_ct_l3protos[AF_MAX] __read_mostly;
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(nf_ct_l3protos);
static DEFINE_MUTEX(nf_ct_proto_mutex);
diff --git a/net/netfilter/nf_log.c b/net/netfilter/nf_log.c
index 7df37fd786b..b07393eab88 100644
--- a/net/netfilter/nf_log.c
+++ b/net/netfilter/nf_log.c
@@ -16,7 +16,7 @@
#define NF_LOG_PREFIXLEN 128
#define NFLOGGER_NAME_LEN 64
-static const struct nf_logger *nf_loggers[NFPROTO_NUMPROTO] __read_mostly;
+static const struct nf_logger __rcu *nf_loggers[NFPROTO_NUMPROTO] __read_mostly;
static struct list_head nf_loggers_l[NFPROTO_NUMPROTO] __read_mostly;
static DEFINE_MUTEX(nf_log_mutex);
diff --git a/net/netfilter/nf_queue.c b/net/netfilter/nf_queue.c
index 78b3cf9c519..74aebed5bd2 100644
--- a/net/netfilter/nf_queue.c
+++ b/net/netfilter/nf_queue.c
@@ -18,7 +18,7 @@
* long term mutex. The handler must provide an an outfn() to accept packets
* for queueing and must reinject all packets it receives, no matter what.
*/
-static const struct nf_queue_handler *queue_handler[NFPROTO_NUMPROTO] __read_mostly;
+static const struct nf_queue_handler __rcu *queue_handler[NFPROTO_NUMPROTO] __read_mostly;
static DEFINE_MUTEX(queue_handler_mutex);