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authorDavid Howells <dhowells@redhat.com>2009-09-02 09:14:00 +0100
committerJames Morris <jmorris@namei.org>2009-09-02 21:29:11 +1000
commit5d135440faf7db8d566de0c6fab36b16cf9cfc3b (patch)
treed9c022e73ed51dfe5729fde9a97150cb64b68196 /security
parentf041ae2f99d49adc914153a34a2d0e14e4389d90 (diff)
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KEYS: Add garbage collection for dead, revoked and expired keys. [try #6]
Add garbage collection for dead, revoked and expired keys. This involved erasing all links to such keys from keyrings that point to them. At that point, the key will be deleted in the normal manner. Keyrings from which garbage collection occurs are shrunk and their quota consumption reduced as appropriate. Dead keys (for which the key type has been removed) will be garbage collected immediately. Revoked and expired keys will hang around for a number of seconds, as set in /proc/sys/kernel/keys/gc_delay before being automatically removed. The default is 5 minutes. Signed-off-by: David Howells <dhowells@redhat.com> Signed-off-by: James Morris <jmorris@namei.org>
Diffstat (limited to 'security')
-rw-r--r--security/keys/Makefile1
-rw-r--r--security/keys/gc.c193
-rw-r--r--security/keys/internal.h4
-rw-r--r--security/keys/key.c14
-rw-r--r--security/keys/keyctl.c1
-rw-r--r--security/keys/keyring.c85
-rw-r--r--security/keys/sysctl.c28
7 files changed, 322 insertions, 4 deletions
diff --git a/security/keys/Makefile b/security/keys/Makefile
index 747a464943a..74d5447d7df 100644
--- a/security/keys/Makefile
+++ b/security/keys/Makefile
@@ -3,6 +3,7 @@
#
obj-y := \
+ gc.o \
key.o \
keyring.o \
keyctl.o \
diff --git a/security/keys/gc.c b/security/keys/gc.c
new file mode 100644
index 00000000000..44adc325e15
--- /dev/null
+++ b/security/keys/gc.c
@@ -0,0 +1,193 @@
+/* Key garbage collector
+ *
+ * Copyright (C) 2009 Red Hat, Inc. All Rights Reserved.
+ * Written by David Howells (dhowells@redhat.com)
+ *
+ * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
+ * modify it under the terms of the GNU General Public Licence
+ * as published by the Free Software Foundation; either version
+ * 2 of the Licence, or (at your option) any later version.
+ */
+
+#include <linux/module.h>
+#include <keys/keyring-type.h>
+#include "internal.h"
+
+/*
+ * Delay between key revocation/expiry in seconds
+ */
+unsigned key_gc_delay = 5 * 60;
+
+/*
+ * Reaper
+ */
+static void key_gc_timer_func(unsigned long);
+static void key_garbage_collector(struct work_struct *);
+static DEFINE_TIMER(key_gc_timer, key_gc_timer_func, 0, 0);
+static DECLARE_WORK(key_gc_work, key_garbage_collector);
+static key_serial_t key_gc_cursor; /* the last key the gc considered */
+static unsigned long key_gc_executing;
+static time_t key_gc_next_run = LONG_MAX;
+
+/*
+ * Schedule a garbage collection run
+ * - precision isn't particularly important
+ */
+void key_schedule_gc(time_t gc_at)
+{
+ unsigned long expires;
+ time_t now = current_kernel_time().tv_sec;
+
+ kenter("%ld", gc_at - now);
+
+ gc_at += key_gc_delay;
+
+ if (now >= gc_at) {
+ schedule_work(&key_gc_work);
+ } else if (gc_at < key_gc_next_run) {
+ expires = jiffies + (gc_at - now) * HZ;
+ mod_timer(&key_gc_timer, expires);
+ }
+}
+
+/*
+ * The garbage collector timer kicked off
+ */
+static void key_gc_timer_func(unsigned long data)
+{
+ kenter("");
+ key_gc_next_run = LONG_MAX;
+ schedule_work(&key_gc_work);
+}
+
+/*
+ * Garbage collect pointers from a keyring
+ * - return true if we altered the keyring
+ */
+static bool key_gc_keyring(struct key *keyring, time_t limit)
+{
+ struct keyring_list *klist;
+ struct key *key;
+ int loop;
+
+ kenter("%x", key_serial(keyring));
+
+ if (test_bit(KEY_FLAG_REVOKED, &keyring->flags))
+ goto dont_gc;
+
+ /* scan the keyring looking for dead keys */
+ klist = rcu_dereference(keyring->payload.subscriptions);
+ if (!klist)
+ goto dont_gc;
+
+ for (loop = klist->nkeys - 1; loop >= 0; loop--) {
+ key = klist->keys[loop];
+ if (test_bit(KEY_FLAG_DEAD, &key->flags) ||
+ (key->expiry > 0 && key->expiry <= limit))
+ goto do_gc;
+ }
+
+dont_gc:
+ kleave(" = false");
+ return false;
+
+do_gc:
+ key_gc_cursor = keyring->serial;
+ key_get(keyring);
+ spin_unlock(&key_serial_lock);
+ keyring_gc(keyring, limit);
+ key_put(keyring);
+ kleave(" = true");
+ return true;
+}
+
+/*
+ * Garbage collector for keys
+ * - this involves scanning the keyrings for dead, expired and revoked keys
+ * that have overstayed their welcome
+ */
+static void key_garbage_collector(struct work_struct *work)
+{
+ struct rb_node *rb;
+ key_serial_t cursor;
+ struct key *key, *xkey;
+ time_t new_timer = LONG_MAX, limit;
+
+ kenter("");
+
+ if (test_and_set_bit(0, &key_gc_executing)) {
+ key_schedule_gc(current_kernel_time().tv_sec);
+ return;
+ }
+
+ limit = current_kernel_time().tv_sec;
+ if (limit > key_gc_delay)
+ limit -= key_gc_delay;
+ else
+ limit = key_gc_delay;
+
+ spin_lock(&key_serial_lock);
+
+ if (RB_EMPTY_ROOT(&key_serial_tree))
+ goto reached_the_end;
+
+ cursor = key_gc_cursor;
+ if (cursor < 0)
+ cursor = 0;
+
+ /* find the first key above the cursor */
+ key = NULL;
+ rb = key_serial_tree.rb_node;
+ while (rb) {
+ xkey = rb_entry(rb, struct key, serial_node);
+ if (cursor < xkey->serial) {
+ key = xkey;
+ rb = rb->rb_left;
+ } else if (cursor > xkey->serial) {
+ rb = rb->rb_right;
+ } else {
+ rb = rb_next(rb);
+ if (!rb)
+ goto reached_the_end;
+ key = rb_entry(rb, struct key, serial_node);
+ break;
+ }
+ }
+
+ if (!key)
+ goto reached_the_end;
+
+ /* trawl through the keys looking for keyrings */
+ for (;;) {
+ if (key->expiry > 0 && key->expiry < new_timer)
+ new_timer = key->expiry;
+
+ if (key->type == &key_type_keyring &&
+ key_gc_keyring(key, limit)) {
+ /* the gc ate our lock */
+ schedule_work(&key_gc_work);
+ goto no_unlock;
+ }
+
+ rb = rb_next(&key->serial_node);
+ if (!rb) {
+ key_gc_cursor = 0;
+ break;
+ }
+ key = rb_entry(rb, struct key, serial_node);
+ }
+
+out:
+ spin_unlock(&key_serial_lock);
+no_unlock:
+ clear_bit(0, &key_gc_executing);
+ if (new_timer < LONG_MAX)
+ key_schedule_gc(new_timer);
+
+ kleave("");
+ return;
+
+reached_the_end:
+ key_gc_cursor = 0;
+ goto out;
+}
diff --git a/security/keys/internal.h b/security/keys/internal.h
index a7252e7b2e0..fb830514c33 100644
--- a/security/keys/internal.h
+++ b/security/keys/internal.h
@@ -132,6 +132,10 @@ extern key_ref_t lookup_user_key(key_serial_t id, unsigned long flags,
extern long join_session_keyring(const char *name);
+extern unsigned key_gc_delay;
+extern void keyring_gc(struct key *keyring, time_t limit);
+extern void key_schedule_gc(time_t expiry_at);
+
/*
* check to see whether permission is granted to use a key in the desired way
*/
diff --git a/security/keys/key.c b/security/keys/key.c
index bd9d2670e9c..08531ad0f25 100644
--- a/security/keys/key.c
+++ b/security/keys/key.c
@@ -500,6 +500,7 @@ int key_negate_and_link(struct key *key,
set_bit(KEY_FLAG_INSTANTIATED, &key->flags);
now = current_kernel_time();
key->expiry = now.tv_sec + timeout;
+ key_schedule_gc(key->expiry);
if (test_and_clear_bit(KEY_FLAG_USER_CONSTRUCT, &key->flags))
awaken = 1;
@@ -888,6 +889,9 @@ EXPORT_SYMBOL(key_update);
*/
void key_revoke(struct key *key)
{
+ struct timespec now;
+ time_t time;
+
key_check(key);
/* make sure no one's trying to change or use the key when we mark it
@@ -900,6 +904,14 @@ void key_revoke(struct key *key)
key->type->revoke)
key->type->revoke(key);
+ /* set the death time to no more than the expiry time */
+ now = current_kernel_time();
+ time = now.tv_sec;
+ if (key->revoked_at == 0 || key->revoked_at > time) {
+ key->revoked_at = time;
+ key_schedule_gc(key->revoked_at);
+ }
+
up_write(&key->sem);
} /* end key_revoke() */
@@ -984,6 +996,8 @@ void unregister_key_type(struct key_type *ktype)
spin_unlock(&key_serial_lock);
up_write(&key_types_sem);
+ key_schedule_gc(0);
+
} /* end unregister_key_type() */
EXPORT_SYMBOL(unregister_key_type);
diff --git a/security/keys/keyctl.c b/security/keys/keyctl.c
index 1160b644dac..736d7800f97 100644
--- a/security/keys/keyctl.c
+++ b/security/keys/keyctl.c
@@ -1115,6 +1115,7 @@ long keyctl_set_timeout(key_serial_t id, unsigned timeout)
}
key->expiry = expiry;
+ key_schedule_gc(key->expiry);
up_write(&key->sem);
key_put(key);
diff --git a/security/keys/keyring.c b/security/keys/keyring.c
index 3dba81c2eba..ac977f661a7 100644
--- a/security/keys/keyring.c
+++ b/security/keys/keyring.c
@@ -1000,3 +1000,88 @@ static void keyring_revoke(struct key *keyring)
}
} /* end keyring_revoke() */
+
+/*
+ * Determine whether a key is dead
+ */
+static bool key_is_dead(struct key *key, time_t limit)
+{
+ return test_bit(KEY_FLAG_DEAD, &key->flags) ||
+ (key->expiry > 0 && key->expiry <= limit);
+}
+
+/*
+ * Collect garbage from the contents of a keyring
+ */
+void keyring_gc(struct key *keyring, time_t limit)
+{
+ struct keyring_list *klist, *new;
+ struct key *key;
+ int loop, keep, max;
+
+ kenter("%x", key_serial(keyring));
+
+ down_write(&keyring->sem);
+
+ klist = keyring->payload.subscriptions;
+ if (!klist)
+ goto just_return;
+
+ /* work out how many subscriptions we're keeping */
+ keep = 0;
+ for (loop = klist->nkeys - 1; loop >= 0; loop--)
+ if (!key_is_dead(klist->keys[loop], limit));
+ keep++;
+
+ if (keep == klist->nkeys)
+ goto just_return;
+
+ /* allocate a new keyring payload */
+ max = roundup(keep, 4);
+ new = kmalloc(sizeof(struct keyring_list) + max * sizeof(struct key *),
+ GFP_KERNEL);
+ if (!new)
+ goto just_return;
+ new->maxkeys = max;
+ new->nkeys = 0;
+ new->delkey = 0;
+
+ /* install the live keys
+ * - must take care as expired keys may be updated back to life
+ */
+ keep = 0;
+ for (loop = klist->nkeys - 1; loop >= 0; loop--) {
+ key = klist->keys[loop];
+ if (!key_is_dead(key, limit)) {
+ if (keep >= max)
+ goto discard_new;
+ new->keys[keep++] = key_get(key);
+ }
+ }
+ new->nkeys = keep;
+
+ /* adjust the quota */
+ key_payload_reserve(keyring,
+ sizeof(struct keyring_list) +
+ KEYQUOTA_LINK_BYTES * keep);
+
+ if (keep == 0) {
+ rcu_assign_pointer(keyring->payload.subscriptions, NULL);
+ kfree(new);
+ } else {
+ rcu_assign_pointer(keyring->payload.subscriptions, new);
+ }
+
+ up_write(&keyring->sem);
+
+ call_rcu(&klist->rcu, keyring_clear_rcu_disposal);
+ kleave(" [yes]");
+ return;
+
+discard_new:
+ new->nkeys = keep;
+ keyring_clear_rcu_disposal(&new->rcu);
+just_return:
+ up_write(&keyring->sem);
+ kleave(" [no]");
+}
diff --git a/security/keys/sysctl.c b/security/keys/sysctl.c
index b611d493c2d..5e05dc09e2d 100644
--- a/security/keys/sysctl.c
+++ b/security/keys/sysctl.c
@@ -13,6 +13,8 @@
#include <linux/sysctl.h>
#include "internal.h"
+static const int zero, one = 1, max = INT_MAX;
+
ctl_table key_sysctls[] = {
{
.ctl_name = CTL_UNNUMBERED,
@@ -20,7 +22,9 @@ ctl_table key_sysctls[] = {
.data = &key_quota_maxkeys,
.maxlen = sizeof(unsigned),
.mode = 0644,
- .proc_handler = &proc_dointvec,
+ .proc_handler = &proc_dointvec_minmax,
+ .extra1 = (void *) &one,
+ .extra2 = (void *) &max,
},
{
.ctl_name = CTL_UNNUMBERED,
@@ -28,7 +32,9 @@ ctl_table key_sysctls[] = {
.data = &key_quota_maxbytes,
.maxlen = sizeof(unsigned),
.mode = 0644,
- .proc_handler = &proc_dointvec,
+ .proc_handler = &proc_dointvec_minmax,
+ .extra1 = (void *) &one,
+ .extra2 = (void *) &max,
},
{
.ctl_name = CTL_UNNUMBERED,
@@ -36,7 +42,9 @@ ctl_table key_sysctls[] = {
.data = &key_quota_root_maxkeys,
.maxlen = sizeof(unsigned),
.mode = 0644,
- .proc_handler = &proc_dointvec,
+ .proc_handler = &proc_dointvec_minmax,
+ .extra1 = (void *) &one,
+ .extra2 = (void *) &max,
},
{
.ctl_name = CTL_UNNUMBERED,
@@ -44,7 +52,19 @@ ctl_table key_sysctls[] = {
.data = &key_quota_root_maxbytes,
.maxlen = sizeof(unsigned),
.mode = 0644,
- .proc_handler = &proc_dointvec,
+ .proc_handler = &proc_dointvec_minmax,
+ .extra1 = (void *) &one,
+ .extra2 = (void *) &max,
+ },
+ {
+ .ctl_name = CTL_UNNUMBERED,
+ .procname = "gc_delay",
+ .data = &key_gc_delay,
+ .maxlen = sizeof(unsigned),
+ .mode = 0644,
+ .proc_handler = &proc_dointvec_minmax,
+ .extra1 = (void *) &zero,
+ .extra2 = (void *) &max,
},
{ .ctl_name = 0 }
};