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authorIngo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu>2005-06-25 14:57:39 -0700
committerLinus Torvalds <torvalds@ppc970.osdl.org>2005-06-25 16:24:45 -0700
commitf8cbd99bd3a023db8d6356d19a5f6f539d367327 (patch)
treef7472cc26a2a1dad631c35a4eb6d0c10cf8cd66e /kernel
parentf704f56af95bec3c1ca719d64d0becef74d40899 (diff)
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[PATCH] sched: voluntary kernel preemption
This patch adds a new preemption model: 'Voluntary Kernel Preemption'. The 3 models can be selected from a new menu: (X) No Forced Preemption (Server) ( ) Voluntary Kernel Preemption (Desktop) ( ) Preemptible Kernel (Low-Latency Desktop) we still default to the stock (Server) preemption model. Voluntary preemption works by adding a cond_resched() (reschedule-if-needed) call to every might_sleep() check. It is lighter than CONFIG_PREEMPT - at the cost of not having as tight latencies. It represents a different latency/complexity/overhead tradeoff. It has no runtime impact at all if disabled. Here are size stats that show how the various preemption models impact the kernel's size: text data bss dec hex filename 3618774 547184 179896 4345854 424ffe vmlinux.stock 3626406 547184 179896 4353486 426dce vmlinux.voluntary +0.2% 3748414 548640 179896 4476950 445016 vmlinux.preempt +3.5% voluntary-preempt is +0.2% of .text, preempt is +3.5%. This feature has been tested for many months by lots of people (and it's also included in the RHEL4 distribution and earlier variants were in Fedora as well), and it's intended for users and distributions who dont want to use full-blown CONFIG_PREEMPT for one reason or another. Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@osdl.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@osdl.org>
Diffstat (limited to 'kernel')
-rw-r--r--kernel/Kconfig.preempt57
1 files changed, 49 insertions, 8 deletions
diff --git a/kernel/Kconfig.preempt b/kernel/Kconfig.preempt
index 34c631221aa..0b46a5dff4c 100644
--- a/kernel/Kconfig.preempt
+++ b/kernel/Kconfig.preempt
@@ -1,15 +1,56 @@
-config PREEMPT
- bool "Preemptible Kernel"
+choice
+ prompt "Preemption Model"
+ default PREEMPT_NONE
+
+config PREEMPT_NONE
+ bool "No Forced Preemption (Server)"
+ help
+ This is the traditional Linux preemption model, geared towards
+ throughput. It will still provide good latencies most of the
+ time, but there are no guarantees and occasional longer delays
+ are possible.
+
+ Select this option if you are building a kernel for a server or
+ scientific/computation system, or if you want to maximize the
+ raw processing power of the kernel, irrespective of scheduling
+ latencies.
+
+config PREEMPT_VOLUNTARY
+ bool "Voluntary Kernel Preemption (Desktop)"
help
- This option reduces the latency of the kernel when reacting to
- real-time or interactive events by allowing a low priority process to
- be preempted even if it is in kernel mode executing a system call.
- This allows applications to run more reliably even when the system is
+ This option reduces the latency of the kernel by adding more
+ "explicit preemption points" to the kernel code. These new
+ preemption points have been selected to reduce the maximum
+ latency of rescheduling, providing faster application reactions,
+ at the cost of slighly lower throughput.
+
+ This allows reaction to interactive events by allowing a
+ low priority process to voluntarily preempt itself even if it
+ is in kernel mode executing a system call. This allows
+ applications to run more 'smoothly' even when the system is
under load.
- Say Y here if you are building a kernel for a desktop, embedded
- or real-time system. Say N if you are unsure.
+ Select this if you are building a kernel for a desktop system.
+
+config PREEMPT
+ bool "Preemptible Kernel (Low-Latency Desktop)"
+ help
+ This option reduces the latency of the kernel by making
+ all kernel code (that is not executing in a critical section)
+ preemptible. This allows reaction to interactive events by
+ permitting a low priority process to be preempted involuntarily
+ even if it is in kernel mode executing a system call and would
+ otherwise not be about to reach a natural preemption point.
+ This allows applications to run more 'smoothly' even when the
+ system is under load, at the cost of slighly lower throughput
+ and a slight runtime overhead to kernel code.
+
+ Select this if you are building a kernel for a desktop or
+ embedded system with latency requirements in the milliseconds
+ range.
+
+endchoice
config PREEMPT_BKL
bool "Preempt The Big Kernel Lock"