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authorMasami Hiramatsu <mhiramat@redhat.com>2009-01-06 14:41:52 -0800
committerLinus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>2009-01-06 15:59:21 -0800
commite8386a0cb22f4a2d439384212c494ad0bda848fe (patch)
tree84c462bccddead49c0e2c0dcfcc0f70cd9cf60f7 /kernel
parent017c39bdb1b3ac1da6db339474a77b528043c05a (diff)
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kprobes: support probing module __exit function
Allows kprobes to probe __exit routine. This adds flags member to struct kprobe. When module is freed(kprobes hooks module_notifier to get this event), kprobes which probe the functions in that module are set to "Gone" flag to the flags member. These "Gone" probes are never be enabled. Users can check the GONE flag through debugfs. This also removes mod_refcounted, because we couldn't free a module if kprobe incremented the refcount of that module. [akpm@linux-foundation.org: document some locking] [mhiramat@redhat.com: bugfix: pass aggr_kprobe to arch_remove_kprobe] [mhiramat@redhat.com: bugfix: release old_p's insn_slot before error return] Signed-off-by: Masami Hiramatsu <mhiramat@redhat.com> Acked-by: Ananth N Mavinakayanahalli <ananth@in.ibm.com> Cc: Anil S Keshavamurthy <anil.s.keshavamurthy@intel.com> Signed-off-by: Masami Hiramatsu <mhiramat@redhat.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
Diffstat (limited to 'kernel')
-rw-r--r--kernel/kprobes.c159
1 files changed, 119 insertions, 40 deletions
diff --git a/kernel/kprobes.c b/kernel/kprobes.c
index a1e233a1958..cb732a9aa55 100644
--- a/kernel/kprobes.c
+++ b/kernel/kprobes.c
@@ -327,7 +327,7 @@ static int __kprobes aggr_pre_handler(struct kprobe *p, struct pt_regs *regs)
struct kprobe *kp;
list_for_each_entry_rcu(kp, &p->list, list) {
- if (kp->pre_handler) {
+ if (kp->pre_handler && !kprobe_gone(kp)) {
set_kprobe_instance(kp);
if (kp->pre_handler(kp, regs))
return 1;
@@ -343,7 +343,7 @@ static void __kprobes aggr_post_handler(struct kprobe *p, struct pt_regs *regs,
struct kprobe *kp;
list_for_each_entry_rcu(kp, &p->list, list) {
- if (kp->post_handler) {
+ if (kp->post_handler && !kprobe_gone(kp)) {
set_kprobe_instance(kp);
kp->post_handler(kp, regs, flags);
reset_kprobe_instance();
@@ -545,9 +545,10 @@ static inline void add_aggr_kprobe(struct kprobe *ap, struct kprobe *p)
ap->addr = p->addr;
ap->pre_handler = aggr_pre_handler;
ap->fault_handler = aggr_fault_handler;
- if (p->post_handler)
+ /* We don't care the kprobe which has gone. */
+ if (p->post_handler && !kprobe_gone(p))
ap->post_handler = aggr_post_handler;
- if (p->break_handler)
+ if (p->break_handler && !kprobe_gone(p))
ap->break_handler = aggr_break_handler;
INIT_LIST_HEAD(&ap->list);
@@ -566,17 +567,41 @@ static int __kprobes register_aggr_kprobe(struct kprobe *old_p,
int ret = 0;
struct kprobe *ap;
+ if (kprobe_gone(old_p)) {
+ /*
+ * Attempting to insert new probe at the same location that
+ * had a probe in the module vaddr area which already
+ * freed. So, the instruction slot has already been
+ * released. We need a new slot for the new probe.
+ */
+ ret = arch_prepare_kprobe(old_p);
+ if (ret)
+ return ret;
+ }
if (old_p->pre_handler == aggr_pre_handler) {
copy_kprobe(old_p, p);
ret = add_new_kprobe(old_p, p);
+ ap = old_p;
} else {
ap = kzalloc(sizeof(struct kprobe), GFP_KERNEL);
- if (!ap)
+ if (!ap) {
+ if (kprobe_gone(old_p))
+ arch_remove_kprobe(old_p);
return -ENOMEM;
+ }
add_aggr_kprobe(ap, old_p);
copy_kprobe(ap, p);
ret = add_new_kprobe(ap, p);
}
+ if (kprobe_gone(old_p)) {
+ /*
+ * If the old_p has gone, its breakpoint has been disarmed.
+ * We have to arm it again after preparing real kprobes.
+ */
+ ap->flags &= ~KPROBE_FLAG_GONE;
+ if (kprobe_enabled)
+ arch_arm_kprobe(ap);
+ }
return ret;
}
@@ -639,8 +664,7 @@ static int __kprobes __register_kprobe(struct kprobe *p,
return -EINVAL;
}
- p->mod_refcounted = 0;
-
+ p->flags = 0;
/*
* Check if are we probing a module.
*/
@@ -649,16 +673,14 @@ static int __kprobes __register_kprobe(struct kprobe *p,
struct module *calling_mod;
calling_mod = __module_text_address(called_from);
/*
- * We must allow modules to probe themself and in this case
- * avoid incrementing the module refcount, so as to allow
- * unloading of self probing modules.
+ * We must hold a refcount of the probed module while updating
+ * its code to prohibit unexpected unloading.
*/
if (calling_mod != probed_mod) {
if (unlikely(!try_module_get(probed_mod))) {
preempt_enable();
return -EINVAL;
}
- p->mod_refcounted = 1;
} else
probed_mod = NULL;
}
@@ -687,8 +709,9 @@ static int __kprobes __register_kprobe(struct kprobe *p,
out:
mutex_unlock(&kprobe_mutex);
- if (ret && probed_mod)
+ if (probed_mod)
module_put(probed_mod);
+
return ret;
}
@@ -716,16 +739,16 @@ valid_p:
list_is_singular(&old_p->list))) {
/*
* Only probe on the hash list. Disarm only if kprobes are
- * enabled - otherwise, the breakpoint would already have
- * been removed. We save on flushing icache.
+ * enabled and not gone - otherwise, the breakpoint would
+ * already have been removed. We save on flushing icache.
*/
- if (kprobe_enabled)
+ if (kprobe_enabled && !kprobe_gone(old_p))
arch_disarm_kprobe(p);
hlist_del_rcu(&old_p->hlist);
} else {
- if (p->break_handler)
+ if (p->break_handler && !kprobe_gone(p))
old_p->break_handler = NULL;
- if (p->post_handler) {
+ if (p->post_handler && !kprobe_gone(p)) {
list_for_each_entry_rcu(list_p, &old_p->list, list) {
if ((list_p != p) && (list_p->post_handler))
goto noclean;
@@ -740,27 +763,16 @@ noclean:
static void __kprobes __unregister_kprobe_bottom(struct kprobe *p)
{
- struct module *mod;
struct kprobe *old_p;
- if (p->mod_refcounted) {
- /*
- * Since we've already incremented refcount,
- * we don't need to disable preemption.
- */
- mod = module_text_address((unsigned long)p->addr);
- if (mod)
- module_put(mod);
- }
-
- if (list_empty(&p->list) || list_is_singular(&p->list)) {
- if (!list_empty(&p->list)) {
- /* "p" is the last child of an aggr_kprobe */
- old_p = list_entry(p->list.next, struct kprobe, list);
- list_del(&p->list);
- kfree(old_p);
- }
+ if (list_empty(&p->list))
arch_remove_kprobe(p);
+ else if (list_is_singular(&p->list)) {
+ /* "p" is the last child of an aggr_kprobe */
+ old_p = list_entry(p->list.next, struct kprobe, list);
+ list_del(&p->list);
+ arch_remove_kprobe(old_p);
+ kfree(old_p);
}
}
@@ -1074,6 +1086,67 @@ static int __kprobes pre_handler_kretprobe(struct kprobe *p,
#endif /* CONFIG_KRETPROBES */
+/* Set the kprobe gone and remove its instruction buffer. */
+static void __kprobes kill_kprobe(struct kprobe *p)
+{
+ struct kprobe *kp;
+ p->flags |= KPROBE_FLAG_GONE;
+ if (p->pre_handler == aggr_pre_handler) {
+ /*
+ * If this is an aggr_kprobe, we have to list all the
+ * chained probes and mark them GONE.
+ */
+ list_for_each_entry_rcu(kp, &p->list, list)
+ kp->flags |= KPROBE_FLAG_GONE;
+ p->post_handler = NULL;
+ p->break_handler = NULL;
+ }
+ /*
+ * Here, we can remove insn_slot safely, because no thread calls
+ * the original probed function (which will be freed soon) any more.
+ */
+ arch_remove_kprobe(p);
+}
+
+/* Module notifier call back, checking kprobes on the module */
+static int __kprobes kprobes_module_callback(struct notifier_block *nb,
+ unsigned long val, void *data)
+{
+ struct module *mod = data;
+ struct hlist_head *head;
+ struct hlist_node *node;
+ struct kprobe *p;
+ unsigned int i;
+
+ if (val != MODULE_STATE_GOING)
+ return NOTIFY_DONE;
+
+ /*
+ * module .text section will be freed. We need to
+ * disable kprobes which have been inserted in the section.
+ */
+ mutex_lock(&kprobe_mutex);
+ for (i = 0; i < KPROBE_TABLE_SIZE; i++) {
+ head = &kprobe_table[i];
+ hlist_for_each_entry_rcu(p, node, head, hlist)
+ if (within_module_core((unsigned long)p->addr, mod)) {
+ /*
+ * The vaddr this probe is installed will soon
+ * be vfreed buy not synced to disk. Hence,
+ * disarming the breakpoint isn't needed.
+ */
+ kill_kprobe(p);
+ }
+ }
+ mutex_unlock(&kprobe_mutex);
+ return NOTIFY_DONE;
+}
+
+static struct notifier_block kprobe_module_nb = {
+ .notifier_call = kprobes_module_callback,
+ .priority = 0
+};
+
static int __init init_kprobes(void)
{
int i, err = 0;
@@ -1130,6 +1203,9 @@ static int __init init_kprobes(void)
err = arch_init_kprobes();
if (!err)
err = register_die_notifier(&kprobe_exceptions_nb);
+ if (!err)
+ err = register_module_notifier(&kprobe_module_nb);
+
kprobes_initialized = (err == 0);
if (!err)
@@ -1150,10 +1226,12 @@ static void __kprobes report_probe(struct seq_file *pi, struct kprobe *p,
else
kprobe_type = "k";
if (sym)
- seq_printf(pi, "%p %s %s+0x%x %s\n", p->addr, kprobe_type,
- sym, offset, (modname ? modname : " "));
+ seq_printf(pi, "%p %s %s+0x%x %s %s\n", p->addr, kprobe_type,
+ sym, offset, (modname ? modname : " "),
+ (kprobe_gone(p) ? "[GONE]" : ""));
else
- seq_printf(pi, "%p %s %p\n", p->addr, kprobe_type, p->addr);
+ seq_printf(pi, "%p %s %p %s\n", p->addr, kprobe_type, p->addr,
+ (kprobe_gone(p) ? "[GONE]" : ""));
}
static void __kprobes *kprobe_seq_start(struct seq_file *f, loff_t *pos)
@@ -1234,7 +1312,8 @@ static void __kprobes enable_all_kprobes(void)
for (i = 0; i < KPROBE_TABLE_SIZE; i++) {
head = &kprobe_table[i];
hlist_for_each_entry_rcu(p, node, head, hlist)
- arch_arm_kprobe(p);
+ if (!kprobe_gone(p))
+ arch_arm_kprobe(p);
}
kprobe_enabled = true;
@@ -1263,7 +1342,7 @@ static void __kprobes disable_all_kprobes(void)
for (i = 0; i < KPROBE_TABLE_SIZE; i++) {
head = &kprobe_table[i];
hlist_for_each_entry_rcu(p, node, head, hlist) {
- if (!arch_trampoline_kprobe(p))
+ if (!arch_trampoline_kprobe(p) && !kprobe_gone(p))
arch_disarm_kprobe(p);
}
}