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authorNick Piggin <nickpiggin@yahoo.com.au>2005-06-25 14:57:23 -0700
committerLinus Torvalds <torvalds@ppc970.osdl.org>2005-06-25 16:24:43 -0700
commit4866cde064afbb6c2a488c265e696879de616daa (patch)
tree6effad1ab6271129fc607b98273086409876563a /kernel
parent48c08d3f8ff94fa118187e4d8d4a5707bb85e59d (diff)
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[PATCH] sched: cleanup context switch locking
Instead of requiring architecture code to interact with the scheduler's locking implementation, provide a couple of defines that can be used by the architecture to request runqueue unlocked context switches, and ask for interrupts to be enabled over the context switch. Also replaces the "switch_lock" used by these architectures with an oncpu flag (note, not a potentially slow bitflag). This eliminates one bus locked memory operation when context switching, and simplifies the task_running function. Signed-off-by: Nick Piggin <nickpiggin@yahoo.com.au> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@osdl.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@osdl.org>
Diffstat (limited to 'kernel')
-rw-r--r--kernel/sched.c132
1 files changed, 108 insertions, 24 deletions
diff --git a/kernel/sched.c b/kernel/sched.c
index 98bf1c091da..b1410577f9a 100644
--- a/kernel/sched.c
+++ b/kernel/sched.c
@@ -268,14 +268,71 @@ static DEFINE_PER_CPU(struct runqueue, runqueues);
#define task_rq(p) cpu_rq(task_cpu(p))
#define cpu_curr(cpu) (cpu_rq(cpu)->curr)
-/*
- * Default context-switch locking:
- */
#ifndef prepare_arch_switch
-# define prepare_arch_switch(rq, next) do { } while (0)
-# define finish_arch_switch(rq, next) spin_unlock_irq(&(rq)->lock)
-# define task_running(rq, p) ((rq)->curr == (p))
+# define prepare_arch_switch(next) do { } while (0)
+#endif
+#ifndef finish_arch_switch
+# define finish_arch_switch(prev) do { } while (0)
+#endif
+
+#ifndef __ARCH_WANT_UNLOCKED_CTXSW
+static inline int task_running(runqueue_t *rq, task_t *p)
+{
+ return rq->curr == p;
+}
+
+static inline void prepare_lock_switch(runqueue_t *rq, task_t *next)
+{
+}
+
+static inline void finish_lock_switch(runqueue_t *rq, task_t *prev)
+{
+ spin_unlock_irq(&rq->lock);
+}
+
+#else /* __ARCH_WANT_UNLOCKED_CTXSW */
+static inline int task_running(runqueue_t *rq, task_t *p)
+{
+#ifdef CONFIG_SMP
+ return p->oncpu;
+#else
+ return rq->curr == p;
+#endif
+}
+
+static inline void prepare_lock_switch(runqueue_t *rq, task_t *next)
+{
+#ifdef CONFIG_SMP
+ /*
+ * We can optimise this out completely for !SMP, because the
+ * SMP rebalancing from interrupt is the only thing that cares
+ * here.
+ */
+ next->oncpu = 1;
+#endif
+#ifdef __ARCH_WANT_INTERRUPTS_ON_CTXSW
+ spin_unlock_irq(&rq->lock);
+#else
+ spin_unlock(&rq->lock);
#endif
+}
+
+static inline void finish_lock_switch(runqueue_t *rq, task_t *prev)
+{
+#ifdef CONFIG_SMP
+ /*
+ * After ->oncpu is cleared, the task can be moved to a different CPU.
+ * We must ensure this doesn't happen until the switch is completely
+ * finished.
+ */
+ smp_wmb();
+ prev->oncpu = 0;
+#endif
+#ifndef __ARCH_WANT_INTERRUPTS_ON_CTXSW
+ local_irq_enable();
+#endif
+}
+#endif /* __ARCH_WANT_UNLOCKED_CTXSW */
/*
* task_rq_lock - lock the runqueue a given task resides on and disable
@@ -1196,17 +1253,14 @@ void fastcall sched_fork(task_t *p)
p->state = TASK_RUNNING;
INIT_LIST_HEAD(&p->run_list);
p->array = NULL;
- spin_lock_init(&p->switch_lock);
#ifdef CONFIG_SCHEDSTATS
memset(&p->sched_info, 0, sizeof(p->sched_info));
#endif
+#if defined(CONFIG_SMP) && defined(__ARCH_WANT_UNLOCKED_CTXSW)
+ p->oncpu = 0;
+#endif
#ifdef CONFIG_PREEMPT
- /*
- * During context-switch we hold precisely one spinlock, which
- * schedule_tail drops. (in the common case it's this_rq()->lock,
- * but it also can be p->switch_lock.) So we compensate with a count
- * of 1. Also, we want to start with kernel preemption disabled.
- */
+ /* Want to start with kernel preemption disabled. */
p->thread_info->preempt_count = 1;
#endif
/*
@@ -1388,22 +1442,40 @@ void fastcall sched_exit(task_t * p)
}
/**
+ * prepare_task_switch - prepare to switch tasks
+ * @rq: the runqueue preparing to switch
+ * @next: the task we are going to switch to.
+ *
+ * This is called with the rq lock held and interrupts off. It must
+ * be paired with a subsequent finish_task_switch after the context
+ * switch.
+ *
+ * prepare_task_switch sets up locking and calls architecture specific
+ * hooks.
+ */
+static inline void prepare_task_switch(runqueue_t *rq, task_t *next)
+{
+ prepare_lock_switch(rq, next);
+ prepare_arch_switch(next);
+}
+
+/**
* finish_task_switch - clean up after a task-switch
* @prev: the thread we just switched away from.
*
- * We enter this with the runqueue still locked, and finish_arch_switch()
- * will unlock it along with doing any other architecture-specific cleanup
- * actions.
+ * finish_task_switch must be called after the context switch, paired
+ * with a prepare_task_switch call before the context switch.
+ * finish_task_switch will reconcile locking set up by prepare_task_switch,
+ * and do any other architecture-specific cleanup actions.
*
* Note that we may have delayed dropping an mm in context_switch(). If
* so, we finish that here outside of the runqueue lock. (Doing it
* with the lock held can cause deadlocks; see schedule() for
* details.)
*/
-static inline void finish_task_switch(task_t *prev)
+static inline void finish_task_switch(runqueue_t *rq, task_t *prev)
__releases(rq->lock)
{
- runqueue_t *rq = this_rq();
struct mm_struct *mm = rq->prev_mm;
unsigned long prev_task_flags;
@@ -1421,7 +1493,8 @@ static inline void finish_task_switch(task_t *prev)
* Manfred Spraul <manfred@colorfullife.com>
*/
prev_task_flags = prev->flags;
- finish_arch_switch(rq, prev);
+ finish_arch_switch(prev);
+ finish_lock_switch(rq, prev);
if (mm)
mmdrop(mm);
if (unlikely(prev_task_flags & PF_DEAD))
@@ -1435,8 +1508,12 @@ static inline void finish_task_switch(task_t *prev)
asmlinkage void schedule_tail(task_t *prev)
__releases(rq->lock)
{
- finish_task_switch(prev);
-
+ runqueue_t *rq = this_rq();
+ finish_task_switch(rq, prev);
+#ifdef __ARCH_WANT_UNLOCKED_CTXSW
+ /* In this case, finish_task_switch does not reenable preemption */
+ preempt_enable();
+#endif
if (current->set_child_tid)
put_user(current->pid, current->set_child_tid);
}
@@ -2816,11 +2893,15 @@ switch_tasks:
rq->curr = next;
++*switch_count;
- prepare_arch_switch(rq, next);
+ prepare_task_switch(rq, next);
prev = context_switch(rq, prev, next);
barrier();
-
- finish_task_switch(prev);
+ /*
+ * this_rq must be evaluated again because prev may have moved
+ * CPUs since it called schedule(), thus the 'rq' on its stack
+ * frame will be invalid.
+ */
+ finish_task_switch(this_rq(), prev);
} else
spin_unlock_irq(&rq->lock);
@@ -4085,6 +4166,9 @@ void __devinit init_idle(task_t *idle, int cpu)
spin_lock_irqsave(&rq->lock, flags);
rq->curr = rq->idle = idle;
+#if defined(CONFIG_SMP) && defined(__ARCH_WANT_UNLOCKED_CTXSW)
+ idle->oncpu = 1;
+#endif
set_tsk_need_resched(idle);
spin_unlock_irqrestore(&rq->lock, flags);