path: root/include
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authorSerge E. Hallyn <serue@us.ibm.com>2007-10-16 23:31:36 -0700
committerLinus Torvalds <torvalds@woody.linux-foundation.org>2007-10-17 08:43:07 -0700
commitb53767719b6cd8789392ea3e7e2eb7b8906898f0 (patch)
treea0279dc93c79b94d3865b0f19f6b7b353e20608c /include
parent57c521ce6125e15e99e56c902cb8da96bee7b36d (diff)
Implement file posix capabilities
Implement file posix capabilities. This allows programs to be given a subset of root's powers regardless of who runs them, without having to use setuid and giving the binary all of root's powers. This version works with Kaigai Kohei's userspace tools, found at http://www.kaigai.gr.jp/index.php. For more information on how to use this patch, Chris Friedhoff has posted a nice page at http://www.friedhoff.org/fscaps.html. Changelog: Nov 27: Incorporate fixes from Andrew Morton (security-introduce-file-caps-tweaks and security-introduce-file-caps-warning-fix) Fix Kconfig dependency. Fix change signaling behavior when file caps are not compiled in. Nov 13: Integrate comments from Alexey: Remove CONFIG_ ifdef from capability.h, and use %zd for printing a size_t. Nov 13: Fix endianness warnings by sparse as suggested by Alexey Dobriyan. Nov 09: Address warnings of unused variables at cap_bprm_set_security when file capabilities are disabled, and simultaneously clean up the code a little, by pulling the new code into a helper function. Nov 08: For pointers to required userspace tools and how to use them, see http://www.friedhoff.org/fscaps.html. Nov 07: Fix the calculation of the highest bit checked in check_cap_sanity(). Nov 07: Allow file caps to be enabled without CONFIG_SECURITY, since capabilities are the default. Hook cap_task_setscheduler when !CONFIG_SECURITY. Move capable(TASK_KILL) to end of cap_task_kill to reduce audit messages. Nov 05: Add secondary calls in selinux/hooks.c to task_setioprio and task_setscheduler so that selinux and capabilities with file cap support can be stacked. Sep 05: As Seth Arnold points out, uid checks are out of place for capability code. Sep 01: Define task_setscheduler, task_setioprio, cap_task_kill, and task_setnice to make sure a user cannot affect a process in which they called a program with some fscaps. One remaining question is the note under task_setscheduler: are we ok with CAP_SYS_NICE being sufficient to confine a process to a cpuset? It is a semantic change, as without fsccaps, attach_task doesn't allow CAP_SYS_NICE to override the uid equivalence check. But since it uses security_task_setscheduler, which elsewhere is used where CAP_SYS_NICE can be used to override the uid equivalence check, fixing it might be tough. task_setscheduler note: this also controls cpuset:attach_task. Are we ok with CAP_SYS_NICE being used to confine to a cpuset? task_setioprio task_setnice sys_setpriority uses this (through set_one_prio) for another process. Need same checks as setrlimit Aug 21: Updated secureexec implementation to reflect the fact that euid and uid might be the same and nonzero, but the process might still have elevated caps. Aug 15: Handle endianness of xattrs. Enforce capability version match between kernel and disk. Enforce that no bits beyond the known max capability are set, else return -EPERM. With this extra processing, it may be worth reconsidering doing all the work at bprm_set_security rather than d_instantiate. Aug 10: Always call getxattr at bprm_set_security, rather than caching it at d_instantiate. [morgan@kernel.org: file-caps clean up for linux/capability.h] [bunk@kernel.org: unexport cap_inode_killpriv] Signed-off-by: Serge E. Hallyn <serue@us.ibm.com> Cc: Stephen Smalley <sds@tycho.nsa.gov> Cc: James Morris <jmorris@namei.org> Cc: Chris Wright <chrisw@sous-sol.org> Cc: Andrew Morgan <morgan@kernel.org> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morgan <morgan@kernel.org> Signed-off-by: Adrian Bunk <bunk@kernel.org> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
Diffstat (limited to 'include')
4 files changed, 73 insertions, 19 deletions
diff --git a/include/linux/binfmts.h b/include/linux/binfmts.h
index 3a6512f8ec9..b7fc55ec8d4 100644
--- a/include/linux/binfmts.h
+++ b/include/linux/binfmts.h
@@ -37,7 +37,8 @@ struct linux_binprm{
int sh_bang;
struct file * file;
int e_uid, e_gid;
- kernel_cap_t cap_inheritable, cap_permitted, cap_effective;
+ kernel_cap_t cap_inheritable, cap_permitted;
+ bool cap_effective;
void *security;
int argc, envc;
char * filename; /* Name of binary as seen by procps */
diff --git a/include/linux/capability.h b/include/linux/capability.h
index 2dfa5855593..8961e7fb755 100644
--- a/include/linux/capability.h
+++ b/include/linux/capability.h
@@ -1,14 +1,14 @@
* This is <linux/capability.h>
- * Andrew G. Morgan <morgan@transmeta.com>
+ * Andrew G. Morgan <morgan@kernel.org>
* Alexander Kjeldaas <astor@guardian.no>
* with help from Aleph1, Roland Buresund and Andrew Main.
* See here for the libcap library ("POSIX draft" compliance):
- * ftp://linux.kernel.org/pub/linux/libs/security/linux-privs/kernel-2.2/
- */
+ * ftp://linux.kernel.org/pub/linux/libs/security/linux-privs/kernel-2.6/
+ */
@@ -28,23 +28,41 @@ struct task_struct;
following structure to such a composite is better handled in a user
library since the draft standard requires the use of malloc/free
etc.. */
#define _LINUX_CAPABILITY_VERSION 0x19980330
typedef struct __user_cap_header_struct {
__u32 version;
int pid;
} __user *cap_user_header_t;
typedef struct __user_cap_data_struct {
__u32 effective;
__u32 permitted;
__u32 inheritable;
} __user *cap_user_data_t;
-#ifdef __KERNEL__
-#include <asm/current.h>
+#define XATTR_CAPS_SUFFIX "capability"
+#define XATTR_CAPS_SZ (3*sizeof(__le32))
+#define VFS_CAP_REVISION_MASK 0xFF000000
+#define VFS_CAP_REVISION_1 0x01000000
+#define VFS_CAP_FLAGS_EFFECTIVE 0x000001
+struct vfs_cap_data {
+ __u32 magic_etc; /* Little endian */
+ struct {
+ __u32 permitted; /* Little endian */
+ __u32 inheritable; /* Little endian */
+ } data[1];
+#ifdef __KERNEL__
@@ -59,7 +77,7 @@ typedef struct kernel_cap_struct {
typedef __u32 kernel_cap_t;
#define _USER_CAP_HEADER_SIZE (2*sizeof(__u32))
#define _KERNEL_CAP_T_SIZE (sizeof(kernel_cap_t))
@@ -67,7 +85,7 @@ typedef __u32 kernel_cap_t;
- ** POSIX-draft defined capabilities.
+ ** POSIX-draft defined capabilities.
/* In a system with the [_POSIX_CHOWN_RESTRICTED] option defined, this
@@ -87,7 +105,7 @@ typedef __u32 kernel_cap_t;
defined. Excluding DAC access covered by CAP_LINUX_IMMUTABLE. */
/* Overrides all restrictions about allowed operations on files, where
file owner ID must be equal to the user ID, except where CAP_FSETID
is applicable. It doesn't override MAC and DAC restrictions. */
@@ -257,7 +275,7 @@ typedef __u32 kernel_cap_t;
/* Override reserved space on ext2 filesystem */
/* Modify data journaling mode on ext3 filesystem (uses journaling
resources) */
-/* NOTE: ext2 honors fsuid when checking for resource overrides, so
+/* NOTE: ext2 honors fsuid when checking for resource overrides, so
you can override using fsuid too */
/* Override size restrictions on IPC message queues */
/* Allow more than 64hz interrupts from the real-time clock */
@@ -289,8 +307,10 @@ typedef __u32 kernel_cap_t;
+#define CAP_SETFCAP 31
#ifdef __KERNEL__
* Bounding set
extern kernel_cap_t cap_bset;
@@ -298,7 +318,7 @@ extern kernel_cap_t cap_bset;
* Internal kernel functions only
#define to_cap_t(x) { x }
diff --git a/include/linux/fs.h b/include/linux/fs.h
index 365586a4c4d..e3fc5dbb224 100644
--- a/include/linux/fs.h
+++ b/include/linux/fs.h
@@ -329,6 +329,7 @@ typedef void (dio_iodone_t)(struct kiocb *iocb, loff_t offset,
#define ATTR_KILL_SUID 2048
#define ATTR_KILL_SGID 4096
#define ATTR_FILE 8192
+#define ATTR_KILL_PRIV 16384
* This is the Inode Attributes structure, used for notify_change(). It
diff --git a/include/linux/security.h b/include/linux/security.h
index a300a3f2fe6..df591d289ec 100644
--- a/include/linux/security.h
+++ b/include/linux/security.h
@@ -51,8 +51,14 @@ extern void cap_bprm_apply_creds (struct linux_binprm *bprm, int unsafe);
extern int cap_bprm_secureexec(struct linux_binprm *bprm);
extern int cap_inode_setxattr(struct dentry *dentry, char *name, void *value, size_t size, int flags);
extern int cap_inode_removexattr(struct dentry *dentry, char *name);
+extern int cap_inode_need_killpriv(struct dentry *dentry);
+extern int cap_inode_killpriv(struct dentry *dentry);
extern int cap_task_post_setuid (uid_t old_ruid, uid_t old_euid, uid_t old_suid, int flags);
extern void cap_task_reparent_to_init (struct task_struct *p);
+extern int cap_task_kill(struct task_struct *p, struct siginfo *info, int sig, u32 secid);
+extern int cap_task_setscheduler (struct task_struct *p, int policy, struct sched_param *lp);
+extern int cap_task_setioprio (struct task_struct *p, int ioprio);
+extern int cap_task_setnice (struct task_struct *p, int nice);
extern int cap_syslog (int type);
extern int cap_vm_enough_memory(struct mm_struct *mm, long pages);
@@ -413,6 +419,18 @@ struct request_sock;
* is specified by @buffer_size. @buffer may be NULL to request
* the size of the buffer required.
* Returns number of bytes used/required on success.
+ * @inode_need_killpriv:
+ * Called when an inode has been changed.
+ * @dentry is the dentry being changed.
+ * Return <0 on error to abort the inode change operation.
+ * Return 0 if inode_killpriv does not need to be called.
+ * Return >0 if inode_killpriv does need to be called.
+ * @inode_killpriv:
+ * The setuid bit is being removed. Remove similar security labels.
+ * Called with the dentry->d_inode->i_mutex held.
+ * @dentry is the dentry being changed.
+ * Return 0 on success. If error is returned, then the operation
+ * causing setuid bit removal is failed.
* Security hooks for file operations
@@ -1239,6 +1257,8 @@ struct security_operations {
int (*inode_getxattr) (struct dentry *dentry, char *name);
int (*inode_listxattr) (struct dentry *dentry);
int (*inode_removexattr) (struct dentry *dentry, char *name);
+ int (*inode_need_killpriv) (struct dentry *dentry);
+ int (*inode_killpriv) (struct dentry *dentry);
const char *(*inode_xattr_getsuffix) (void);
int (*inode_getsecurity)(const struct inode *inode, const char *name, void *buffer, size_t size, int err);
int (*inode_setsecurity)(struct inode *inode, const char *name, const void *value, size_t size, int flags);
@@ -1496,6 +1516,8 @@ void security_inode_post_setxattr(struct dentry *dentry, char *name,
int security_inode_getxattr(struct dentry *dentry, char *name);
int security_inode_listxattr(struct dentry *dentry);
int security_inode_removexattr(struct dentry *dentry, char *name);
+int security_inode_need_killpriv(struct dentry *dentry);
+int security_inode_killpriv(struct dentry *dentry);
const char *security_inode_xattr_getsuffix(void);
int security_inode_getsecurity(const struct inode *inode, const char *name, void *buffer, size_t size, int err);
int security_inode_setsecurity(struct inode *inode, const char *name, const void *value, size_t size, int flags);
@@ -1891,6 +1913,16 @@ static inline int security_inode_removexattr (struct dentry *dentry, char *name)
return cap_inode_removexattr(dentry, name);
+static inline int security_inode_need_killpriv(struct dentry *dentry)
+ return cap_inode_need_killpriv(dentry);
+static inline int security_inode_killpriv(struct dentry *dentry)
+ return cap_inode_killpriv(dentry);
static inline const char *security_inode_xattr_getsuffix (void)
return NULL ;
@@ -2035,12 +2067,12 @@ static inline int security_task_setgroups (struct group_info *group_info)
static inline int security_task_setnice (struct task_struct *p, int nice)
- return 0;
+ return cap_task_setnice(p, nice);
static inline int security_task_setioprio (struct task_struct *p, int ioprio)
- return 0;
+ return cap_task_setioprio(p, ioprio);
static inline int security_task_getioprio (struct task_struct *p)
@@ -2058,7 +2090,7 @@ static inline int security_task_setscheduler (struct task_struct *p,
int policy,
struct sched_param *lp)
- return 0;
+ return cap_task_setscheduler(p, policy, lp);
static inline int security_task_getscheduler (struct task_struct *p)
@@ -2075,7 +2107,7 @@ static inline int security_task_kill (struct task_struct *p,
struct siginfo *info, int sig,
u32 secid)
- return 0;
+ return cap_task_kill(p, info, sig, secid);
static inline int security_task_wait (struct task_struct *p)