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authorNick Piggin <npiggin@kernel.dk>2010-08-18 04:37:38 +1000
committerAl Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk>2010-08-18 08:35:48 -0400
commit6416ccb7899960868f5016751fb81bf25213d24f (patch)
tree457069571211e4ece844dc332a2f9673705a5bde /fs
parent2dc91abe03d8ce6dd7f9251faffafca5f6b9e85d (diff)
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fs: scale files_lock
fs: scale files_lock Improve scalability of files_lock by adding per-cpu, per-sb files lists, protected with an lglock. The lglock provides fast access to the per-cpu lists to add and remove files. It also provides a snapshot of all the per-cpu lists (although this is very slow). One difficulty with this approach is that a file can be removed from the list by another CPU. We must track which per-cpu list the file is on with a new variale in the file struct (packed into a hole on 64-bit archs). Scalability could suffer if files are frequently removed from different cpu's list. However loads with frequent removal of files imply short interval between adding and removing the files, and the scheduler attempts to avoid moving processes too far away. Also, even in the case of cross-CPU removal, the hardware has much more opportunity to parallelise cacheline transfers with N cachelines than with 1. A worst-case test of 1 CPU allocating files subsequently being freed by N CPUs degenerates to contending on a single lock, which is no worse than before. When more than one CPU are allocating files, even if they are always freed by different CPUs, there will be more parallelism than the single-lock case. Testing results: On a 2 socket, 8 core opteron, I measure the number of times the lock is taken to remove the file, the number of times it is removed by the same CPU that added it, and the number of times it is removed by the same node that added it. Booting: locks= 25049 cpu-hits= 23174 (92.5%) node-hits= 23945 (95.6%) kbuild -j16 locks=2281913 cpu-hits=2208126 (96.8%) node-hits=2252674 (98.7%) dbench 64 locks=4306582 cpu-hits=4287247 (99.6%) node-hits=4299527 (99.8%) So a file is removed from the same CPU it was added by over 90% of the time. It remains within the same node 95% of the time. Tim Chen ran some numbers for a 64 thread Nehalem system performing a compile. throughput 2.6.34-rc2 24.5 +patch 24.9 us sys idle IO wait (in %) 2.6.34-rc2 51.25 28.25 17.25 3.25 +patch 53.75 18.5 19 8.75 So significantly less CPU time spent in kernel code, higher idle time and slightly higher throughput. Single threaded performance difference was within the noise of microbenchmarks. That is not to say penalty does not exist, the code is larger and more memory accesses required so it will be slightly slower. Cc: linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org Cc: Tim Chen <tim.c.chen@linux.intel.com> Cc: Andi Kleen <ak@linux.intel.com> Signed-off-by: Nick Piggin <npiggin@kernel.dk> Signed-off-by: Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk>
Diffstat (limited to 'fs')
-rw-r--r--fs/file_table.c108
-rw-r--r--fs/super.c18
2 files changed, 108 insertions, 18 deletions
diff --git a/fs/file_table.c b/fs/file_table.c
index 6f0e62ecfdd..a04bdd81c11 100644
--- a/fs/file_table.c
+++ b/fs/file_table.c
@@ -20,7 +20,9 @@
#include <linux/cdev.h>
#include <linux/fsnotify.h>
#include <linux/sysctl.h>
+#include <linux/lglock.h>
#include <linux/percpu_counter.h>
+#include <linux/percpu.h>
#include <linux/ima.h>
#include <asm/atomic.h>
@@ -32,7 +34,8 @@ struct files_stat_struct files_stat = {
.max_files = NR_FILE
};
-static __cacheline_aligned_in_smp DEFINE_SPINLOCK(files_lock);
+DECLARE_LGLOCK(files_lglock);
+DEFINE_LGLOCK(files_lglock);
/* SLAB cache for file structures */
static struct kmem_cache *filp_cachep __read_mostly;
@@ -336,30 +339,98 @@ void put_filp(struct file *file)
}
}
+static inline int file_list_cpu(struct file *file)
+{
+#ifdef CONFIG_SMP
+ return file->f_sb_list_cpu;
+#else
+ return smp_processor_id();
+#endif
+}
+
+/* helper for file_sb_list_add to reduce ifdefs */
+static inline void __file_sb_list_add(struct file *file, struct super_block *sb)
+{
+ struct list_head *list;
+#ifdef CONFIG_SMP
+ int cpu;
+ cpu = smp_processor_id();
+ file->f_sb_list_cpu = cpu;
+ list = per_cpu_ptr(sb->s_files, cpu);
+#else
+ list = &sb->s_files;
+#endif
+ list_add(&file->f_u.fu_list, list);
+}
+
+/**
+ * file_sb_list_add - add a file to the sb's file list
+ * @file: file to add
+ * @sb: sb to add it to
+ *
+ * Use this function to associate a file with the superblock of the inode it
+ * refers to.
+ */
void file_sb_list_add(struct file *file, struct super_block *sb)
{
- spin_lock(&files_lock);
- BUG_ON(!list_empty(&file->f_u.fu_list));
- list_add(&file->f_u.fu_list, &sb->s_files);
- spin_unlock(&files_lock);
+ lg_local_lock(files_lglock);
+ __file_sb_list_add(file, sb);
+ lg_local_unlock(files_lglock);
}
+/**
+ * file_sb_list_del - remove a file from the sb's file list
+ * @file: file to remove
+ * @sb: sb to remove it from
+ *
+ * Use this function to remove a file from its superblock.
+ */
void file_sb_list_del(struct file *file)
{
if (!list_empty(&file->f_u.fu_list)) {
- spin_lock(&files_lock);
+ lg_local_lock_cpu(files_lglock, file_list_cpu(file));
list_del_init(&file->f_u.fu_list);
- spin_unlock(&files_lock);
+ lg_local_unlock_cpu(files_lglock, file_list_cpu(file));
}
}
+#ifdef CONFIG_SMP
+
+/*
+ * These macros iterate all files on all CPUs for a given superblock.
+ * files_lglock must be held globally.
+ */
+#define do_file_list_for_each_entry(__sb, __file) \
+{ \
+ int i; \
+ for_each_possible_cpu(i) { \
+ struct list_head *list; \
+ list = per_cpu_ptr((__sb)->s_files, i); \
+ list_for_each_entry((__file), list, f_u.fu_list)
+
+#define while_file_list_for_each_entry \
+ } \
+}
+
+#else
+
+#define do_file_list_for_each_entry(__sb, __file) \
+{ \
+ struct list_head *list; \
+ list = &(sb)->s_files; \
+ list_for_each_entry((__file), list, f_u.fu_list)
+
+#define while_file_list_for_each_entry \
+}
+
+#endif
+
int fs_may_remount_ro(struct super_block *sb)
{
struct file *file;
-
/* Check that no files are currently opened for writing. */
- spin_lock(&files_lock);
- list_for_each_entry(file, &sb->s_files, f_u.fu_list) {
+ lg_global_lock(files_lglock);
+ do_file_list_for_each_entry(sb, file) {
struct inode *inode = file->f_path.dentry->d_inode;
/* File with pending delete? */
@@ -369,11 +440,11 @@ int fs_may_remount_ro(struct super_block *sb)
/* Writeable file? */
if (S_ISREG(inode->i_mode) && (file->f_mode & FMODE_WRITE))
goto too_bad;
- }
- spin_unlock(&files_lock);
+ } while_file_list_for_each_entry;
+ lg_global_unlock(files_lglock);
return 1; /* Tis' cool bro. */
too_bad:
- spin_unlock(&files_lock);
+ lg_global_unlock(files_lglock);
return 0;
}
@@ -389,8 +460,8 @@ void mark_files_ro(struct super_block *sb)
struct file *f;
retry:
- spin_lock(&files_lock);
- list_for_each_entry(f, &sb->s_files, f_u.fu_list) {
+ lg_global_lock(files_lglock);
+ do_file_list_for_each_entry(sb, f) {
struct vfsmount *mnt;
if (!S_ISREG(f->f_path.dentry->d_inode->i_mode))
continue;
@@ -406,12 +477,12 @@ retry:
file_release_write(f);
mnt = mntget(f->f_path.mnt);
/* This can sleep, so we can't hold the spinlock. */
- spin_unlock(&files_lock);
+ lg_global_unlock(files_lglock);
mnt_drop_write(mnt);
mntput(mnt);
goto retry;
- }
- spin_unlock(&files_lock);
+ } while_file_list_for_each_entry;
+ lg_global_unlock(files_lglock);
}
void __init files_init(unsigned long mempages)
@@ -431,5 +502,6 @@ void __init files_init(unsigned long mempages)
if (files_stat.max_files < NR_FILE)
files_stat.max_files = NR_FILE;
files_defer_init();
+ lg_lock_init(files_lglock);
percpu_counter_init(&nr_files, 0);
}
diff --git a/fs/super.c b/fs/super.c
index 9674ab2c871..8819e3a7ff2 100644
--- a/fs/super.c
+++ b/fs/super.c
@@ -54,7 +54,22 @@ static struct super_block *alloc_super(struct file_system_type *type)
s = NULL;
goto out;
}
+#ifdef CONFIG_SMP
+ s->s_files = alloc_percpu(struct list_head);
+ if (!s->s_files) {
+ security_sb_free(s);
+ kfree(s);
+ s = NULL;
+ goto out;
+ } else {
+ int i;
+
+ for_each_possible_cpu(i)
+ INIT_LIST_HEAD(per_cpu_ptr(s->s_files, i));
+ }
+#else
INIT_LIST_HEAD(&s->s_files);
+#endif
INIT_LIST_HEAD(&s->s_instances);
INIT_HLIST_HEAD(&s->s_anon);
INIT_LIST_HEAD(&s->s_inodes);
@@ -108,6 +123,9 @@ out:
*/
static inline void destroy_super(struct super_block *s)
{
+#ifdef CONFIG_SMP
+ free_percpu(s->s_files);
+#endif
security_sb_free(s);
kfree(s->s_subtype);
kfree(s->s_options);