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authorFlorian Fainelli <florian@openwrt.org>2010-08-30 18:32:24 +0200
committerDavid Woodhouse <David.Woodhouse@intel.com>2010-10-24 23:46:34 +0100
commitd1e1f4e42b5df063712ca2926e50c07b95c96b96 (patch)
tree6dc4ab018397d5029690957b27d376e25d1c1f85 /drivers/mtd/nand/nand_base.c
parent42af8b58fb5ec97214e85780db71bb9d60541fcc (diff)
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mtd: nand: add support for reading ONFI parameters from NAND device
This patch adds support for reading NAND device ONFI parameters and use the ONFI informations to define its geometry. In case the device supports ONFI, the onfi_version field in struct nand_chip contains the version (BCD) and the onfi_params structure can be used by drivers to set up timings and such. We currently only support ONFI 1.0 parameters. Signed-off-by: Brian Norris <norris@broadcom.com> Signed-off-by: Matthieu Castet <matthieu.castet@parrot.com> Signed-off-by: Maxime Bizon <mbizon@freebox.fr> Signed-off-by: Florian Fainelli <ffainelli@freebox.fr> Signed-off-by: David Woodhouse <David.Woodhouse@intel.com>
Diffstat (limited to 'drivers/mtd/nand/nand_base.c')
-rw-r--r--drivers/mtd/nand/nand_base.c164
1 files changed, 134 insertions, 30 deletions
diff --git a/drivers/mtd/nand/nand_base.c b/drivers/mtd/nand/nand_base.c
index 596ac848b46..5b26fffc353 100644
--- a/drivers/mtd/nand/nand_base.c
+++ b/drivers/mtd/nand/nand_base.c
@@ -2787,14 +2787,46 @@ static void nand_set_defaults(struct nand_chip *chip, int busw)
}
/*
+ * sanitize ONFI strings so we can safely print them
+ */
+static void sanitize_string(uint8_t *s, size_t len)
+{
+ ssize_t i;
+
+ /* null terminate */
+ s[len - 1] = 0;
+
+ /* remove non printable chars */
+ for (i = 0; i < len - 1; i++) {
+ if (s[i] < ' ' || s[i] > 127)
+ s[i] = '?';
+ }
+
+ /* remove trailing spaces */
+ strim(s);
+}
+
+static u16 onfi_crc16(u16 crc, u8 const *p, size_t len)
+{
+ int i;
+ while (len--) {
+ crc ^= *p++ << 8;
+ for (i = 0; i < 8; i++)
+ crc = (crc << 1) ^ ((crc & 0x8000) ? 0x8005 : 0);
+ }
+
+ return crc;
+}
+
+/*
* Get the flash and manufacturer id and lookup if the type is supported
*/
static struct nand_flash_dev *nand_get_flash_type(struct mtd_info *mtd,
struct nand_chip *chip,
- int busw, int *maf_id,
+ int busw, int *maf_id, int *dev_id,
struct nand_flash_dev *type)
{
- int i, dev_id, maf_idx;
+ int i, maf_idx;
u8 id_data[8];
/* Select the device */
@@ -2811,7 +2843,7 @@ static struct nand_flash_dev *nand_get_flash_type(struct mtd_info *mtd,
/* Read manufacturer and device IDs */
*maf_id = chip->read_byte(mtd);
- dev_id = chip->read_byte(mtd);
+ *dev_id = chip->read_byte(mtd);
/* Try again to make sure, as some systems the bus-hold or other
* interface concerns can cause random data which looks like a
@@ -2821,15 +2853,13 @@ static struct nand_flash_dev *nand_get_flash_type(struct mtd_info *mtd,
chip->cmdfunc(mtd, NAND_CMD_READID, 0x00, -1);
- /* Read entire ID string */
-
- for (i = 0; i < 8; i++)
+ for (i = 0; i < 2; i++)
id_data[i] = chip->read_byte(mtd);
- if (id_data[0] != *maf_id || id_data[1] != dev_id) {
+ if (id_data[0] != *maf_id || id_data[1] != *dev_id) {
printk(KERN_INFO "%s: second ID read did not match "
"%02x,%02x against %02x,%02x\n", __func__,
- *maf_id, dev_id, id_data[0], id_data[1]);
+ *maf_id, *dev_id, id_data[0], id_data[1]);
return ERR_PTR(-ENODEV);
}
@@ -2837,9 +2867,81 @@ static struct nand_flash_dev *nand_get_flash_type(struct mtd_info *mtd,
type = nand_flash_ids;
for (; type->name != NULL; type++)
- if (dev_id == type->id)
+ if (*dev_id == type->id)
break;
+ chip->onfi_version = 0;
+ if (!type->name || !type->pagesize) {
+ /* try ONFI for unknow chip or LP */
+ chip->cmdfunc(mtd, NAND_CMD_READID, 0x20, -1);
+ if (chip->read_byte(mtd) == 'O' &&
+ chip->read_byte(mtd) == 'N' &&
+ chip->read_byte(mtd) == 'F' &&
+ chip->read_byte(mtd) == 'I') {
+
+ struct nand_onfi_params *p = &chip->onfi_params;
+ int i;
+
+ printk(KERN_INFO "ONFI flash detected\n");
+ chip->cmdfunc(mtd, NAND_CMD_PARAM, 0, -1);
+ for (i = 0; i < 3; i++) {
+ chip->read_buf(mtd, (uint8_t *)p, sizeof(*p));
+ if (onfi_crc16(ONFI_CRC_BASE, (uint8_t *)p, 254) ==
+ le16_to_cpu(p->crc))
+ {
+ printk(KERN_INFO "ONFI param page %d valid\n", i);
+ break;
+ }
+ }
+
+ if (i < 3) {
+ /* check version */
+ int val = le16_to_cpu(p->revision);
+ if (val == 1 || val > (1 << 4))
+ printk(KERN_INFO "%s: unsupported ONFI version: %d\n",
+ __func__, val);
+ else {
+ if (val & (1 << 4))
+ chip->onfi_version = 22;
+ else if (val & (1 << 3))
+ chip->onfi_version = 21;
+ else if (val & (1 << 2))
+ chip->onfi_version = 20;
+ else
+ chip->onfi_version = 10;
+ }
+ }
+
+ if (chip->onfi_version) {
+ sanitize_string(p->manufacturer, sizeof(p->manufacturer));
+ sanitize_string(p->model, sizeof(p->model));
+ if (!mtd->name)
+ mtd->name = p->model;
+ mtd->writesize = le32_to_cpu(p->byte_per_page);
+ mtd->erasesize = le32_to_cpu(p->pages_per_block)*mtd->writesize;
+ mtd->oobsize = le16_to_cpu(p->spare_bytes_per_page);
+ chip->chipsize = le32_to_cpu(p->blocks_per_lun) * mtd->erasesize;
+ busw = 0;
+ if (le16_to_cpu(p->features) & 1)
+ busw = NAND_BUSWIDTH_16;
+
+ chip->options &= ~NAND_CHIPOPTIONS_MSK;
+ chip->options |= (NAND_NO_READRDY |
+ NAND_NO_AUTOINCR) & NAND_CHIPOPTIONS_MSK;
+
+ goto ident_done;
+
+ }
+ }
+ }
+
+ chip->cmdfunc(mtd, NAND_CMD_READID, 0x00, -1);
+
+ /* Read entire ID string */
+
+ for (i = 0; i < 8; i++)
+ id_data[i] = chip->read_byte(mtd);
+
if (!type->name)
return ERR_PTR(-ENODEV);
@@ -2927,6 +3029,21 @@ static struct nand_flash_dev *nand_get_flash_type(struct mtd_info *mtd,
mtd->erasesize <<= ((id_data[3] & 0x03) << 1);
}
}
+ /* Get chip options, preserve non chip based options */
+ chip->options &= ~NAND_CHIPOPTIONS_MSK;
+ chip->options |= type->options & NAND_CHIPOPTIONS_MSK;
+
+ /* Check if chip is a not a samsung device. Do not clear the
+ * options for chips which are not having an extended id.
+ */
+ if (*maf_id != NAND_MFR_SAMSUNG && !type->pagesize)
+ chip->options &= ~NAND_SAMSUNG_LP_OPTIONS;
+ident_done:
+
+ /*
+ * Set chip as a default. Board drivers can override it, if necessary
+ */
+ chip->options |= NAND_NO_AUTOINCR;
/* Try to identify manufacturer */
for (maf_idx = 0; nand_manuf_ids[maf_idx].id != 0x0; maf_idx++) {
@@ -2941,7 +3058,7 @@ static struct nand_flash_dev *nand_get_flash_type(struct mtd_info *mtd,
if (busw != (chip->options & NAND_BUSWIDTH_16)) {
printk(KERN_INFO "NAND device: Manufacturer ID:"
" 0x%02x, Chip ID: 0x%02x (%s %s)\n", *maf_id,
- dev_id, nand_manuf_ids[maf_idx].name, mtd->name);
+ *dev_id, nand_manuf_ids[maf_idx].name, mtd->name);
printk(KERN_WARNING "NAND bus width %d instead %d bit\n",
(chip->options & NAND_BUSWIDTH_16) ? 16 : 8,
busw ? 16 : 8);
@@ -2966,21 +3083,6 @@ static struct nand_flash_dev *nand_get_flash_type(struct mtd_info *mtd,
else
chip->badblockpos = NAND_SMALL_BADBLOCK_POS;
- /* Get chip options, preserve non chip based options */
- chip->options &= ~NAND_CHIPOPTIONS_MSK;
- chip->options |= type->options & NAND_CHIPOPTIONS_MSK;
-
- /*
- * Set chip as a default. Board drivers can override it, if necessary
- */
- chip->options |= NAND_NO_AUTOINCR;
-
- /* Check if chip is a not a samsung device. Do not clear the
- * options for chips which are not having an extended id.
- */
- if (*maf_id != NAND_MFR_SAMSUNG && !type->pagesize)
- chip->options &= ~NAND_SAMSUNG_LP_OPTIONS;
-
/*
* Bad block marker is stored in the last page of each block
* on Samsung and Hynix MLC devices; stored in first two pages
@@ -3021,9 +3123,11 @@ static struct nand_flash_dev *nand_get_flash_type(struct mtd_info *mtd,
if (mtd->writesize > 512 && chip->cmdfunc == nand_command)
chip->cmdfunc = nand_command_lp;
+ /* TODO onfi flash name */
printk(KERN_INFO "NAND device: Manufacturer ID:"
- " 0x%02x, Chip ID: 0x%02x (%s %s)\n", *maf_id, dev_id,
- nand_manuf_ids[maf_idx].name, type->name);
+ " 0x%02x, Chip ID: 0x%02x (%s %s)\n", *maf_id, *dev_id,
+ nand_manuf_ids[maf_idx].name,
+ chip->onfi_version ? type->name:chip->onfi_params.model);
return type;
}
@@ -3042,7 +3146,7 @@ static struct nand_flash_dev *nand_get_flash_type(struct mtd_info *mtd,
int nand_scan_ident(struct mtd_info *mtd, int maxchips,
struct nand_flash_dev *table)
{
- int i, busw, nand_maf_id;
+ int i, busw, nand_maf_id, nand_dev_id;
struct nand_chip *chip = mtd->priv;
struct nand_flash_dev *type;
@@ -3052,7 +3156,7 @@ int nand_scan_ident(struct mtd_info *mtd, int maxchips,
nand_set_defaults(chip, busw);
/* Read the flash type */
- type = nand_get_flash_type(mtd, chip, busw, &nand_maf_id, table);
+ type = nand_get_flash_type(mtd, chip, busw, &nand_maf_id, &nand_dev_id, table);
if (IS_ERR(type)) {
if (!(chip->options & NAND_SCAN_SILENT_NODEV))
@@ -3070,7 +3174,7 @@ int nand_scan_ident(struct mtd_info *mtd, int maxchips,
chip->cmdfunc(mtd, NAND_CMD_READID, 0x00, -1);
/* Read manufacturer and device IDs */
if (nand_maf_id != chip->read_byte(mtd) ||
- type->id != chip->read_byte(mtd))
+ nand_dev_id != chip->read_byte(mtd))
break;
}
if (i > 1)