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authorGreg KH <greg@press.(none)>2005-06-27 22:07:56 -0700
committerGreg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@suse.de>2005-06-27 22:07:56 -0700
commit8644d2a42bdba2d513f71c07eaf1b6f9b718b8eb (patch)
treec43b6c2fdf1b68b66906a2de69446dcec0f9af6b /Documentation
parent1cde8a16815bd85c8137d1ea556398983c597c11 (diff)
parent99f95e5286df2f69edab8a04c7080d986ee4233b (diff)
downloadmrst-s0i3-test-8644d2a42bdba2d513f71c07eaf1b6f9b718b8eb.tar.gz
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Merge rsync://rsync.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/torvalds/linux-2.6
Diffstat (limited to 'Documentation')
-rw-r--r--Documentation/Changes24
-rw-r--r--Documentation/block/ioprio.txt176
-rw-r--r--Documentation/cciss.txt1
-rw-r--r--Documentation/kernel-parameters.txt2
-rw-r--r--Documentation/pcmcia/devicetable.txt64
-rw-r--r--Documentation/pcmcia/driver-changes.txt51
6 files changed, 311 insertions, 7 deletions
diff --git a/Documentation/Changes b/Documentation/Changes
index b3760075476..afebdbcd553 100644
--- a/Documentation/Changes
+++ b/Documentation/Changes
@@ -44,9 +44,9 @@ running, the suggested command should tell you.
Again, keep in mind that this list assumes you are already
functionally running a Linux 2.4 kernel. Also, not all tools are
-necessary on all systems; obviously, if you don't have any PCMCIA (PC
-Card) hardware, for example, you probably needn't concern yourself
-with pcmcia-cs.
+necessary on all systems; obviously, if you don't have any ISDN
+hardware, for example, you probably needn't concern yourself with
+isdn4k-utils.
o Gnu C 2.95.3 # gcc --version
o Gnu make 3.79.1 # make --version
@@ -57,6 +57,7 @@ o e2fsprogs 1.29 # tune2fs
o jfsutils 1.1.3 # fsck.jfs -V
o reiserfsprogs 3.6.3 # reiserfsck -V 2>&1|grep reiserfsprogs
o xfsprogs 2.6.0 # xfs_db -V
+o pcmciautils 001
o pcmcia-cs 3.1.21 # cardmgr -V
o quota-tools 3.09 # quota -V
o PPP 2.4.0 # pppd --version
@@ -186,13 +187,20 @@ architecture independent and any version from 2.0.0 onward should
work correctly with this version of the XFS kernel code (2.6.0 or
later is recommended, due to some significant improvements).
+PCMCIAutils
+-----------
+
+PCMCIAutils replaces pcmcia-cs (see below). It properly sets up
+PCMCIA sockets at system startup and loads the appropriate modules
+for 16-bit PCMCIA devices if the kernel is modularized and the hotplug
+subsystem is used.
Pcmcia-cs
---------
PCMCIA (PC Card) support is now partially implemented in the main
-kernel source. Pay attention when you recompile your kernel ;-).
-Also, be sure to upgrade to the latest pcmcia-cs release.
+kernel source. The "pcmciautils" package (see above) replaces pcmcia-cs
+for newest kernels.
Quota-tools
-----------
@@ -349,9 +357,13 @@ Xfsprogs
--------
o <ftp://oss.sgi.com/projects/xfs/download/>
+Pcmciautils
+-----------
+o <ftp://ftp.kernel.org/pub/linux/utils/kernel/pcmcia/>
+
Pcmcia-cs
---------
-o <ftp://pcmcia-cs.sourceforge.net/pub/pcmcia-cs/pcmcia-cs-3.1.21.tar.gz>
+o <http://pcmcia-cs.sourceforge.net/>
Quota-tools
----------
diff --git a/Documentation/block/ioprio.txt b/Documentation/block/ioprio.txt
new file mode 100644
index 00000000000..96ccf681075
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/block/ioprio.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,176 @@
+Block io priorities
+===================
+
+
+Intro
+-----
+
+With the introduction of cfq v3 (aka cfq-ts or time sliced cfq), basic io
+priorities is supported for reads on files. This enables users to io nice
+processes or process groups, similar to what has been possible to cpu
+scheduling for ages. This document mainly details the current possibilites
+with cfq, other io schedulers do not support io priorities so far.
+
+Scheduling classes
+------------------
+
+CFQ implements three generic scheduling classes that determine how io is
+served for a process.
+
+IOPRIO_CLASS_RT: This is the realtime io class. This scheduling class is given
+higher priority than any other in the system, processes from this class are
+given first access to the disk every time. Thus it needs to be used with some
+care, one io RT process can starve the entire system. Within the RT class,
+there are 8 levels of class data that determine exactly how much time this
+process needs the disk for on each service. In the future this might change
+to be more directly mappable to performance, by passing in a wanted data
+rate instead.
+
+IOPRIO_CLASS_BE: This is the best-effort scheduling class, which is the default
+for any process that hasn't set a specific io priority. The class data
+determines how much io bandwidth the process will get, it's directly mappable
+to the cpu nice levels just more coarsely implemented. 0 is the highest
+BE prio level, 7 is the lowest. The mapping between cpu nice level and io
+nice level is determined as: io_nice = (cpu_nice + 20) / 5.
+
+IOPRIO_CLASS_IDLE: This is the idle scheduling class, processes running at this
+level only get io time when no one else needs the disk. The idle class has no
+class data, since it doesn't really apply here.
+
+Tools
+-----
+
+See below for a sample ionice tool. Usage:
+
+# ionice -c<class> -n<level> -p<pid>
+
+If pid isn't given, the current process is assumed. IO priority settings
+are inherited on fork, so you can use ionice to start the process at a given
+level:
+
+# ionice -c2 -n0 /bin/ls
+
+will run ls at the best-effort scheduling class at the highest priority.
+For a running process, you can give the pid instead:
+
+# ionice -c1 -n2 -p100
+
+will change pid 100 to run at the realtime scheduling class, at priority 2.
+
+---> snip ionice.c tool <---
+
+#include <stdio.h>
+#include <stdlib.h>
+#include <errno.h>
+#include <getopt.h>
+#include <unistd.h>
+#include <sys/ptrace.h>
+#include <asm/unistd.h>
+
+extern int sys_ioprio_set(int, int, int);
+extern int sys_ioprio_get(int, int);
+
+#if defined(__i386__)
+#define __NR_ioprio_set 289
+#define __NR_ioprio_get 290
+#elif defined(__ppc__)
+#define __NR_ioprio_set 273
+#define __NR_ioprio_get 274
+#elif defined(__x86_64__)
+#define __NR_ioprio_set 251
+#define __NR_ioprio_get 252
+#elif defined(__ia64__)
+#define __NR_ioprio_set 1274
+#define __NR_ioprio_get 1275
+#else
+#error "Unsupported arch"
+#endif
+
+_syscall3(int, ioprio_set, int, which, int, who, int, ioprio);
+_syscall2(int, ioprio_get, int, which, int, who);
+
+enum {
+ IOPRIO_CLASS_NONE,
+ IOPRIO_CLASS_RT,
+ IOPRIO_CLASS_BE,
+ IOPRIO_CLASS_IDLE,
+};
+
+enum {
+ IOPRIO_WHO_PROCESS = 1,
+ IOPRIO_WHO_PGRP,
+ IOPRIO_WHO_USER,
+};
+
+#define IOPRIO_CLASS_SHIFT 13
+
+const char *to_prio[] = { "none", "realtime", "best-effort", "idle", };
+
+int main(int argc, char *argv[])
+{
+ int ioprio = 4, set = 0, ioprio_class = IOPRIO_CLASS_BE;
+ int c, pid = 0;
+
+ while ((c = getopt(argc, argv, "+n:c:p:")) != EOF) {
+ switch (c) {
+ case 'n':
+ ioprio = strtol(optarg, NULL, 10);
+ set = 1;
+ break;
+ case 'c':
+ ioprio_class = strtol(optarg, NULL, 10);
+ set = 1;
+ break;
+ case 'p':
+ pid = strtol(optarg, NULL, 10);
+ break;
+ }
+ }
+
+ switch (ioprio_class) {
+ case IOPRIO_CLASS_NONE:
+ ioprio_class = IOPRIO_CLASS_BE;
+ break;
+ case IOPRIO_CLASS_RT:
+ case IOPRIO_CLASS_BE:
+ break;
+ case IOPRIO_CLASS_IDLE:
+ ioprio = 7;
+ break;
+ default:
+ printf("bad prio class %d\n", ioprio_class);
+ return 1;
+ }
+
+ if (!set) {
+ if (!pid && argv[optind])
+ pid = strtol(argv[optind], NULL, 10);
+
+ ioprio = ioprio_get(IOPRIO_WHO_PROCESS, pid);
+
+ printf("pid=%d, %d\n", pid, ioprio);
+
+ if (ioprio == -1)
+ perror("ioprio_get");
+ else {
+ ioprio_class = ioprio >> IOPRIO_CLASS_SHIFT;
+ ioprio = ioprio & 0xff;
+ printf("%s: prio %d\n", to_prio[ioprio_class], ioprio);
+ }
+ } else {
+ if (ioprio_set(IOPRIO_WHO_PROCESS, pid, ioprio | ioprio_class << IOPRIO_CLASS_SHIFT) == -1) {
+ perror("ioprio_set");
+ return 1;
+ }
+
+ if (argv[optind])
+ execvp(argv[optind], &argv[optind]);
+ }
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+---> snip ionice.c tool <---
+
+
+March 11 2005, Jens Axboe <axboe@suse.de>
diff --git a/Documentation/cciss.txt b/Documentation/cciss.txt
index d599beb9df8..c8f9a73111d 100644
--- a/Documentation/cciss.txt
+++ b/Documentation/cciss.txt
@@ -17,6 +17,7 @@ This driver is known to work with the following cards:
* SA P600
* SA P800
* SA E400
+ * SA E300
If nodes are not already created in the /dev/cciss directory, run as root:
diff --git a/Documentation/kernel-parameters.txt b/Documentation/kernel-parameters.txt
index 96d924eb7b6..0f71251f12b 100644
--- a/Documentation/kernel-parameters.txt
+++ b/Documentation/kernel-parameters.txt
@@ -1119,7 +1119,7 @@ running once the system is up.
See Documentation/ramdisk.txt.
psmouse.proto= [HW,MOUSE] Highest PS2 mouse protocol extension to
- probe for (bare|imps|exps).
+ probe for (bare|imps|exps|lifebook|any).
psmouse.rate= [HW,MOUSE] Set desired mouse report rate, in reports
per second.
psmouse.resetafter=
diff --git a/Documentation/pcmcia/devicetable.txt b/Documentation/pcmcia/devicetable.txt
new file mode 100644
index 00000000000..045511acafc
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/pcmcia/devicetable.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,64 @@
+Matching of PCMCIA devices to drivers is done using one or more of the
+following criteria:
+
+- manufactor ID
+- card ID
+- product ID strings _and_ hashes of these strings
+- function ID
+- device function (actual and pseudo)
+
+You should use the helpers in include/pcmcia/device_id.h for generating the
+struct pcmcia_device_id[] entries which match devices to drivers.
+
+If you want to match product ID strings, you also need to pass the crc32
+hashes of the string to the macro, e.g. if you want to match the product ID
+string 1, you need to use
+
+PCMCIA_DEVICE_PROD_ID1("some_string", 0x(hash_of_some_string)),
+
+If the hash is incorrect, the kernel will inform you about this in "dmesg"
+upon module initialization, and tell you of the correct hash.
+
+You can determine the hash of the product ID strings by running
+"pcmcia-modalias %n.%m" [%n being replaced with the socket number and %m being
+replaced with the device function] from pcmciautils. It generates a string
+in the following form:
+pcmcia:m0149cC1ABf06pfn00fn00pa725B842DpbF1EFEE84pc0877B627pd00000000
+
+The hex value after "pa" is the hash of product ID string 1, after "pb" for
+string 2 and so on.
+
+Alternatively, you can use this small tool to determine the crc32 hash.
+simply pass the string you want to evaluate as argument to this program,
+e.g.
+$ ./crc32hash "Dual Speed"
+
+-------------------------------------------------------------------------
+/* crc32hash.c - derived from linux/lib/crc32.c, GNU GPL v2 */
+#include <string.h>
+#include <stdio.h>
+#include <ctype.h>
+#include <stdlib.h>
+
+unsigned int crc32(unsigned char const *p, unsigned int len)
+{
+ int i;
+ unsigned int crc = 0;
+ while (len--) {
+ crc ^= *p++;
+ for (i = 0; i < 8; i++)
+ crc = (crc >> 1) ^ ((crc & 1) ? 0xedb88320 : 0);
+ }
+ return crc;
+}
+
+int main(int argc, char **argv) {
+ unsigned int result;
+ if (argc != 2) {
+ printf("no string passed as argument\n");
+ return -1;
+ }
+ result = crc32(argv[1], strlen(argv[1]));
+ printf("0x%x\n", result);
+ return 0;
+}
diff --git a/Documentation/pcmcia/driver-changes.txt b/Documentation/pcmcia/driver-changes.txt
new file mode 100644
index 00000000000..9c315ab48a0
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/pcmcia/driver-changes.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,51 @@
+This file details changes in 2.6 which affect PCMCIA card driver authors:
+
+* in-kernel device<->driver matching
+ PCMCIA devices and their correct drivers can now be matched in
+ kernelspace. See 'devicetable.txt' for details.
+
+* Device model integration (as of 2.6.11)
+ A struct pcmcia_device is registered with the device model core,
+ and can be used (e.g. for SET_NETDEV_DEV) by using
+ handle_to_dev(client_handle_t * handle).
+
+* Convert internal I/O port addresses to unsigned long (as of 2.6.11)
+ ioaddr_t should be replaced by kio_addr_t in PCMCIA card drivers.
+
+* irq_mask and irq_list parameters (as of 2.6.11)
+ The irq_mask and irq_list parameters should no longer be used in
+ PCMCIA card drivers. Instead, it is the job of the PCMCIA core to
+ determine which IRQ should be used. Therefore, link->irq.IRQInfo2
+ is ignored.
+
+* client->PendingEvents is gone (as of 2.6.11)
+ client->PendingEvents is no longer available.
+
+* client->Attributes are gone (as of 2.6.11)
+ client->Attributes is unused, therefore it is removed from all
+ PCMCIA card drivers
+
+* core functions no longer available (as of 2.6.11)
+ The following functions have been removed from the kernel source
+ because they are unused by all in-kernel drivers, and no external
+ driver was reported to rely on them:
+ pcmcia_get_first_region()
+ pcmcia_get_next_region()
+ pcmcia_modify_window()
+ pcmcia_set_event_mask()
+ pcmcia_get_first_window()
+ pcmcia_get_next_window()
+
+* device list iteration upon module removal (as of 2.6.10)
+ It is no longer necessary to iterate on the driver's internal
+ client list and call the ->detach() function upon module removal.
+
+* Resource management. (as of 2.6.8)
+ Although the PCMCIA subsystem will allocate resources for cards,
+ it no longer marks these resources busy. This means that driver
+ authors are now responsible for claiming your resources as per
+ other drivers in Linux. You should use request_region() to mark
+ your IO regions in-use, and request_mem_region() to mark your
+ memory regions in-use. The name argument should be a pointer to
+ your driver name. Eg, for pcnet_cs, name should point to the
+ string "pcnet_cs".