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authorRafael J. Wysocki <rjw@sisk.pl>2007-07-17 04:03:35 -0700
committerLinus Torvalds <torvalds@woody.linux-foundation.org>2007-07-17 10:23:02 -0700
commit831441862956fffa17b9801db37e6ea1650b0f69 (patch)
treeb0334921341f8f1734bdd3243de76d676329d21c
parent787d2214c19bcc9b6ac48af0ce098277a801eded (diff)
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Freezer: make kernel threads nonfreezable by default
Currently, the freezer treats all tasks as freezable, except for the kernel threads that explicitly set the PF_NOFREEZE flag for themselves. This approach is problematic, since it requires every kernel thread to either set PF_NOFREEZE explicitly, or call try_to_freeze(), even if it doesn't care for the freezing of tasks at all. It seems better to only require the kernel threads that want to or need to be frozen to use some freezer-related code and to remove any freezer-related code from the other (nonfreezable) kernel threads, which is done in this patch. The patch causes all kernel threads to be nonfreezable by default (ie. to have PF_NOFREEZE set by default) and introduces the set_freezable() function that should be called by the freezable kernel threads in order to unset PF_NOFREEZE. It also makes all of the currently freezable kernel threads call set_freezable(), so it shouldn't cause any (intentional) change of behaviour to appear. Additionally, it updates documentation to describe the freezing of tasks more accurately. [akpm@linux-foundation.org: build fixes] Signed-off-by: Rafael J. Wysocki <rjw@sisk.pl> Acked-by: Nigel Cunningham <nigel@nigel.suspend2.net> Cc: Pavel Machek <pavel@ucw.cz> Cc: Oleg Nesterov <oleg@tv-sign.ru> Cc: Gautham R Shenoy <ego@in.ibm.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
-rw-r--r--Documentation/power/freezing-of-tasks.txt160
-rw-r--r--Documentation/power/kernel_threads.txt40
-rw-r--r--Documentation/power/swsusp.txt18
-rw-r--r--arch/i386/kernel/apm.c2
-rw-r--r--arch/i386/kernel/io_apic.c1
-rw-r--r--drivers/block/loop.c8
-rw-r--r--drivers/block/pktcdvd.c1
-rw-r--r--drivers/char/apm-emulation.c12
-rw-r--r--drivers/char/hvc_console.c1
-rw-r--r--drivers/edac/edac_mc.c1
-rw-r--r--drivers/ieee1394/ieee1394_core.c3
-rw-r--r--drivers/ieee1394/nodemgr.c1
-rw-r--r--drivers/input/gameport/gameport.c1
-rw-r--r--drivers/input/serio/serio.c1
-rw-r--r--drivers/input/touchscreen/ucb1400_ts.c1
-rw-r--r--drivers/macintosh/therm_adt746x.c1
-rw-r--r--drivers/macintosh/windfarm_core.c1
-rw-r--r--drivers/md/md.c1
-rw-r--r--drivers/media/dvb/dvb-core/dvb_frontend.c1
-rw-r--r--drivers/media/video/cx88/cx88-tvaudio.c1
-rw-r--r--drivers/media/video/msp3400-kthreads.c6
-rw-r--r--drivers/media/video/tvaudio.c2
-rw-r--r--drivers/media/video/video-buf-dvb.c1
-rw-r--r--drivers/media/video/vivi.c1
-rw-r--r--drivers/mfd/ucb1x00-ts.c1
-rw-r--r--drivers/mmc/card/queue.c7
-rw-r--r--drivers/mtd/mtd_blkdevs.c3
-rw-r--r--drivers/mtd/ubi/wl.c1
-rw-r--r--drivers/net/wireless/airo.c3
-rw-r--r--drivers/net/wireless/libertas/main.c1
-rw-r--r--drivers/pcmcia/cs.c1
-rw-r--r--drivers/pnp/pnpbios/core.c1
-rw-r--r--drivers/scsi/libsas/sas_scsi_host.c3
-rw-r--r--drivers/scsi/scsi_error.c3
-rw-r--r--drivers/usb/atm/ueagle-atm.c1
-rw-r--r--drivers/usb/core/hub.c1
-rw-r--r--drivers/usb/gadget/file_storage.c3
-rw-r--r--drivers/usb/storage/usb.c3
-rw-r--r--drivers/video/ps3fb.c1
-rw-r--r--drivers/w1/w1.c1
-rw-r--r--fs/cifs/cifsfs.c1
-rw-r--r--fs/cifs/connect.c1
-rw-r--r--fs/jffs2/background.c1
-rw-r--r--fs/lockd/svc.c2
-rw-r--r--fs/nfs/callback.c2
-rw-r--r--fs/nfsd/nfssvc.c2
-rw-r--r--fs/xfs/linux-2.6/xfs_super.c1
-rw-r--r--include/linux/freezer.h14
-rw-r--r--init/do_mounts_initrd.c7
-rw-r--r--kernel/audit.c1
-rw-r--r--kernel/exit.c6
-rw-r--r--kernel/fork.c2
-rw-r--r--kernel/rcutorture.c4
-rw-r--r--kernel/rtmutex-tester.c1
-rw-r--r--kernel/sched.c3
-rw-r--r--kernel/softirq.c3
-rw-r--r--kernel/softlockup.c2
-rw-r--r--kernel/workqueue.c4
-rw-r--r--mm/pdflush.c1
-rw-r--r--mm/vmscan.c1
-rw-r--r--net/bluetooth/bnep/core.c2
-rw-r--r--net/bluetooth/cmtp/core.c2
-rw-r--r--net/bluetooth/hidp/core.c2
-rw-r--r--net/bluetooth/rfcomm/core.c2
-rw-r--r--net/core/pktgen.c2
65 files changed, 256 insertions, 113 deletions
diff --git a/Documentation/power/freezing-of-tasks.txt b/Documentation/power/freezing-of-tasks.txt
new file mode 100644
index 00000000000..af1a282c71a
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/power/freezing-of-tasks.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,160 @@
+Freezing of tasks
+ (C) 2007 Rafael J. Wysocki <rjw@sisk.pl>, GPL
+
+I. What is the freezing of tasks?
+
+The freezing of tasks is a mechanism by which user space processes and some
+kernel threads are controlled during hibernation or system-wide suspend (on some
+architectures).
+
+II. How does it work?
+
+There are four per-task flags used for that, PF_NOFREEZE, PF_FROZEN, TIF_FREEZE
+and PF_FREEZER_SKIP (the last one is auxiliary). The tasks that have
+PF_NOFREEZE unset (all user space processes and some kernel threads) are
+regarded as 'freezable' and treated in a special way before the system enters a
+suspend state as well as before a hibernation image is created (in what follows
+we only consider hibernation, but the description also applies to suspend).
+
+Namely, as the first step of the hibernation procedure the function
+freeze_processes() (defined in kernel/power/process.c) is called. It executes
+try_to_freeze_tasks() that sets TIF_FREEZE for all of the freezable tasks and
+sends a fake signal to each of them. A task that receives such a signal and has
+TIF_FREEZE set, should react to it by calling the refrigerator() function
+(defined in kernel/power/process.c), which sets the task's PF_FROZEN flag,
+changes its state to TASK_UNINTERRUPTIBLE and makes it loop until PF_FROZEN is
+cleared for it. Then, we say that the task is 'frozen' and therefore the set of
+functions handling this mechanism is called 'the freezer' (these functions are
+defined in kernel/power/process.c and include/linux/freezer.h). User space
+processes are generally frozen before kernel threads.
+
+It is not recommended to call refrigerator() directly. Instead, it is
+recommended to use the try_to_freeze() function (defined in
+include/linux/freezer.h), that checks the task's TIF_FREEZE flag and makes the
+task enter refrigerator() if the flag is set.
+
+For user space processes try_to_freeze() is called automatically from the
+signal-handling code, but the freezable kernel threads need to call it
+explicitly in suitable places. The code to do this may look like the following:
+
+ do {
+ hub_events();
+ wait_event_interruptible(khubd_wait,
+ !list_empty(&hub_event_list));
+ try_to_freeze();
+ } while (!signal_pending(current));
+
+(from drivers/usb/core/hub.c::hub_thread()).
+
+If a freezable kernel thread fails to call try_to_freeze() after the freezer has
+set TIF_FREEZE for it, the freezing of tasks will fail and the entire
+hibernation operation will be cancelled. For this reason, freezable kernel
+threads must call try_to_freeze() somewhere.
+
+After the system memory state has been restored from a hibernation image and
+devices have been reinitialized, the function thaw_processes() is called in
+order to clear the PF_FROZEN flag for each frozen task. Then, the tasks that
+have been frozen leave refrigerator() and continue running.
+
+III. Which kernel threads are freezable?
+
+Kernel threads are not freezable by default. However, a kernel thread may clear
+PF_NOFREEZE for itself by calling set_freezable() (the resetting of PF_NOFREEZE
+directly is strongly discouraged). From this point it is regarded as freezable
+and must call try_to_freeze() in a suitable place.
+
+IV. Why do we do that?
+
+Generally speaking, there is a couple of reasons to use the freezing of tasks:
+
+1. The principal reason is to prevent filesystems from being damaged after
+hibernation. At the moment we have no simple means of checkpointing
+filesystems, so if there are any modifications made to filesystem data and/or
+metadata on disks, we cannot bring them back to the state from before the
+modifications. At the same time each hibernation image contains some
+filesystem-related information that must be consistent with the state of the
+on-disk data and metadata after the system memory state has been restored from
+the image (otherwise the filesystems will be damaged in a nasty way, usually
+making them almost impossible to repair). We therefore freeze tasks that might
+cause the on-disk filesystems' data and metadata to be modified after the
+hibernation image has been created and before the system is finally powered off.
+The majority of these are user space processes, but if any of the kernel threads
+may cause something like this to happen, they have to be freezable.
+
+2. The second reason is to prevent user space processes and some kernel threads
+from interfering with the suspending and resuming of devices. A user space
+process running on a second CPU while we are suspending devices may, for
+example, be troublesome and without the freezing of tasks we would need some
+safeguards against race conditions that might occur in such a case.
+
+Although Linus Torvalds doesn't like the freezing of tasks, he said this in one
+of the discussions on LKML (http://lkml.org/lkml/2007/4/27/608):
+
+"RJW:> Why we freeze tasks at all or why we freeze kernel threads?
+
+Linus: In many ways, 'at all'.
+
+I _do_ realize the IO request queue issues, and that we cannot actually do
+s2ram with some devices in the middle of a DMA. So we want to be able to
+avoid *that*, there's no question about that. And I suspect that stopping
+user threads and then waiting for a sync is practically one of the easier
+ways to do so.
+
+So in practice, the 'at all' may become a 'why freeze kernel threads?' and
+freezing user threads I don't find really objectionable."
+
+Still, there are kernel threads that may want to be freezable. For example, if
+a kernel that belongs to a device driver accesses the device directly, it in
+principle needs to know when the device is suspended, so that it doesn't try to
+access it at that time. However, if the kernel thread is freezable, it will be
+frozen before the driver's .suspend() callback is executed and it will be
+thawed after the driver's .resume() callback has run, so it won't be accessing
+the device while it's suspended.
+
+3. Another reason for freezing tasks is to prevent user space processes from
+realizing that hibernation (or suspend) operation takes place. Ideally, user
+space processes should not notice that such a system-wide operation has occurred
+and should continue running without any problems after the restore (or resume
+from suspend). Unfortunately, in the most general case this is quite difficult
+to achieve without the freezing of tasks. Consider, for example, a process
+that depends on all CPUs being online while it's running. Since we need to
+disable nonboot CPUs during the hibernation, if this process is not frozen, it
+may notice that the number of CPUs has changed and may start to work incorrectly
+because of that.
+
+V. Are there any problems related to the freezing of tasks?
+
+Yes, there are.
+
+First of all, the freezing of kernel threads may be tricky if they depend one
+on another. For example, if kernel thread A waits for a completion (in the
+TASK_UNINTERRUPTIBLE state) that needs to be done by freezable kernel thread B
+and B is frozen in the meantime, then A will be blocked until B is thawed, which
+may be undesirable. That's why kernel threads are not freezable by default.
+
+Second, there are the following two problems related to the freezing of user
+space processes:
+1. Putting processes into an uninterruptible sleep distorts the load average.
+2. Now that we have FUSE, plus the framework for doing device drivers in
+userspace, it gets even more complicated because some userspace processes are
+now doing the sorts of things that kernel threads do
+(https://lists.linux-foundation.org/pipermail/linux-pm/2007-May/012309.html).
+
+The problem 1. seems to be fixable, although it hasn't been fixed so far. The
+other one is more serious, but it seems that we can work around it by using
+hibernation (and suspend) notifiers (in that case, though, we won't be able to
+avoid the realization by the user space processes that the hibernation is taking
+place).
+
+There are also problems that the freezing of tasks tends to expose, although
+they are not directly related to it. For example, if request_firmware() is
+called from a device driver's .resume() routine, it will timeout and eventually
+fail, because the user land process that should respond to the request is frozen
+at this point. So, seemingly, the failure is due to the freezing of tasks.
+Suppose, however, that the firmware file is located on a filesystem accessible
+only through another device that hasn't been resumed yet. In that case,
+request_firmware() will fail regardless of whether or not the freezing of tasks
+is used. Consequently, the problem is not really related to the freezing of
+tasks, since it generally exists anyway. [The solution to this particular
+problem is to keep the firmware in memory after it's loaded for the first time
+and upload if from memory to the device whenever necessary.]
diff --git a/Documentation/power/kernel_threads.txt b/Documentation/power/kernel_threads.txt
deleted file mode 100644
index fb57784986b..00000000000
--- a/Documentation/power/kernel_threads.txt
+++ /dev/null
@@ -1,40 +0,0 @@
-KERNEL THREADS
-
-
-Freezer
-
-Upon entering a suspended state the system will freeze all
-tasks. This is done by delivering pseudosignals. This affects
-kernel threads, too. To successfully freeze a kernel thread
-the thread has to check for the pseudosignal and enter the
-refrigerator. Code to do this looks like this:
-
- do {
- hub_events();
- wait_event_interruptible(khubd_wait, !list_empty(&hub_event_list));
- try_to_freeze();
- } while (!signal_pending(current));
-
-from drivers/usb/core/hub.c::hub_thread()
-
-
-The Unfreezable
-
-Some kernel threads however, must not be frozen. The kernel must
-be able to finish pending IO operations and later on be able to
-write the memory image to disk. Kernel threads needed to do IO
-must stay awake. Such threads must mark themselves unfreezable
-like this:
-
- /*
- * This thread doesn't need any user-level access,
- * so get rid of all our resources.
- */
- daemonize("usb-storage");
-
- current->flags |= PF_NOFREEZE;
-
-from drivers/usb/storage/usb.c::usb_stor_control_thread()
-
-Such drivers are themselves responsible for staying quiet during
-the actual snapshotting.
diff --git a/Documentation/power/swsusp.txt b/Documentation/power/swsusp.txt
index 152b510d1bb..aea7e920966 100644
--- a/Documentation/power/swsusp.txt
+++ b/Documentation/power/swsusp.txt
@@ -140,21 +140,11 @@ should be sent to the mailing list available through the suspend2
website, and not to the Linux Kernel Mailing List. We are working
toward merging suspend2 into the mainline kernel.
-Q: A kernel thread must voluntarily freeze itself (call 'refrigerator').
-I found some kernel threads that don't do it, and they don't freeze
-so the system can't sleep. Is this a known behavior?
-
-A: All such kernel threads need to be fixed, one by one. Select the
-place where the thread is safe to be frozen (no kernel semaphores
-should be held at that point and it must be safe to sleep there), and
-add:
-
- try_to_freeze();
-
-If the thread is needed for writing the image to storage, you should
-instead set the PF_NOFREEZE process flag when creating the thread (and
-be very careful).
+Q: What is the freezing of tasks and why are we using it?
+A: The freezing of tasks is a mechanism by which user space processes and some
+kernel threads are controlled during hibernation or system-wide suspend (on some
+architectures). See freezing-of-tasks.txt for details.
Q: What is the difference between "platform" and "shutdown"?
diff --git a/arch/i386/kernel/apm.c b/arch/i386/kernel/apm.c
index 4112afe712b..47001d50a08 100644
--- a/arch/i386/kernel/apm.c
+++ b/arch/i386/kernel/apm.c
@@ -222,6 +222,7 @@
#include <linux/capability.h>
#include <linux/device.h>
#include <linux/kernel.h>
+#include <linux/freezer.h>
#include <linux/smp.h>
#include <linux/dmi.h>
#include <linux/suspend.h>
@@ -2311,7 +2312,6 @@ static int __init apm_init(void)
remove_proc_entry("apm", NULL);
return err;
}
- kapmd_task->flags |= PF_NOFREEZE;
wake_up_process(kapmd_task);
if (num_online_cpus() > 1 && !smp ) {
diff --git a/arch/i386/kernel/io_apic.c b/arch/i386/kernel/io_apic.c
index 7f8b7af2b95..21db8f56c9a 100644
--- a/arch/i386/kernel/io_apic.c
+++ b/arch/i386/kernel/io_apic.c
@@ -667,6 +667,7 @@ static int balanced_irq(void *unused)
set_pending_irq(i, cpumask_of_cpu(0));
}
+ set_freezable();
for ( ; ; ) {
time_remaining = schedule_timeout_interruptible(time_remaining);
try_to_freeze();
diff --git a/drivers/block/loop.c b/drivers/block/loop.c
index 4503290da40..06eaa11cbc2 100644
--- a/drivers/block/loop.c
+++ b/drivers/block/loop.c
@@ -68,6 +68,7 @@
#include <linux/loop.h>
#include <linux/compat.h>
#include <linux/suspend.h>
+#include <linux/freezer.h>
#include <linux/writeback.h>
#include <linux/buffer_head.h> /* for invalidate_bdev() */
#include <linux/completion.h>
@@ -600,13 +601,6 @@ static int loop_thread(void *data)
struct loop_device *lo = data;
struct bio *bio;
- /*
- * loop can be used in an encrypted device,
- * hence, it mustn't be stopped at all
- * because it could be indirectly used during suspension
- */
- current->flags |= PF_NOFREEZE;
-
set_user_nice(current, -20);
while (!kthread_should_stop() || lo->lo_bio) {
diff --git a/drivers/block/pktcdvd.c b/drivers/block/pktcdvd.c
index 7c294a40002..31be33e4f11 100644
--- a/drivers/block/pktcdvd.c
+++ b/drivers/block/pktcdvd.c
@@ -1593,6 +1593,7 @@ static int kcdrwd(void *foobar)
long min_sleep_time, residue;
set_user_nice(current, -20);
+ set_freezable();
for (;;) {
DECLARE_WAITQUEUE(wait, current);
diff --git a/drivers/char/apm-emulation.c b/drivers/char/apm-emulation.c
index 179c7a3b6e7..ec116df919d 100644
--- a/drivers/char/apm-emulation.c
+++ b/drivers/char/apm-emulation.c
@@ -20,6 +20,7 @@
#include <linux/sched.h>
#include <linux/pm.h>
#include <linux/apm-emulation.h>
+#include <linux/freezer.h>
#include <linux/device.h>
#include <linux/kernel.h>
#include <linux/list.h>
@@ -329,13 +330,8 @@ apm_ioctl(struct inode * inode, struct file *filp, u_int cmd, u_long arg)
/*
* Wait for the suspend/resume to complete. If there
* are pending acknowledges, we wait here for them.
- *
- * Note: we need to ensure that the PM subsystem does
- * not kick us out of the wait when it suspends the
- * threads.
*/
flags = current->flags;
- current->flags |= PF_NOFREEZE;
wait_event(apm_suspend_waitqueue,
as->suspend_state == SUSPEND_DONE);
@@ -365,13 +361,8 @@ apm_ioctl(struct inode * inode, struct file *filp, u_int cmd, u_long arg)
/*
* Wait for the suspend/resume to complete. If there
* are pending acknowledges, we wait here for them.
- *
- * Note: we need to ensure that the PM subsystem does
- * not kick us out of the wait when it suspends the
- * threads.
*/
flags = current->flags;
- current->flags |= PF_NOFREEZE;
wait_event_interruptible(apm_suspend_waitqueue,
as->suspend_state == SUSPEND_DONE);
@@ -598,7 +589,6 @@ static int __init apm_init(void)
kapmd_tsk = NULL;
return ret;
}
- kapmd_tsk->flags |= PF_NOFREEZE;
wake_up_process(kapmd_tsk);
#ifdef CONFIG_PROC_FS
diff --git a/drivers/char/hvc_console.c b/drivers/char/hvc_console.c
index b3ab42e0dd4..83c1151ec7a 100644
--- a/drivers/char/hvc_console.c
+++ b/drivers/char/hvc_console.c
@@ -679,6 +679,7 @@ static int khvcd(void *unused)
int poll_mask;
struct hvc_struct *hp;
+ set_freezable();
__set_current_state(TASK_RUNNING);
do {
poll_mask = 0;
diff --git a/drivers/edac/edac_mc.c b/drivers/edac/edac_mc.c
index 7b622300d0e..804875de580 100644
--- a/drivers/edac/edac_mc.c
+++ b/drivers/edac/edac_mc.c
@@ -1906,6 +1906,7 @@ static void do_edac_check(void)
static int edac_kernel_thread(void *arg)
{
+ set_freezable();
while (!kthread_should_stop()) {
do_edac_check();
diff --git a/drivers/ieee1394/ieee1394_core.c b/drivers/ieee1394/ieee1394_core.c
index 0fc8c6e559e..ee45259573c 100644
--- a/drivers/ieee1394/ieee1394_core.c
+++ b/drivers/ieee1394/ieee1394_core.c
@@ -30,6 +30,7 @@
#include <linux/moduleparam.h>
#include <linux/bitops.h>
#include <linux/kdev_t.h>
+#include <linux/freezer.h>
#include <linux/suspend.h>
#include <linux/kthread.h>
#include <linux/preempt.h>
@@ -1128,8 +1129,6 @@ static int hpsbpkt_thread(void *__hi)
struct list_head tmp;
int may_schedule;
- current->flags |= PF_NOFREEZE;
-
while (!kthread_should_stop()) {
INIT_LIST_HEAD(&tmp);
diff --git a/drivers/ieee1394/nodemgr.c b/drivers/ieee1394/nodemgr.c
index 51a12062ed3..2ffd53461db 100644
--- a/drivers/ieee1394/nodemgr.c
+++ b/drivers/ieee1394/nodemgr.c
@@ -1699,6 +1699,7 @@ static int nodemgr_host_thread(void *__hi)
unsigned int g, generation = 0;
int i, reset_cycles = 0;
+ set_freezable();
/* Setup our device-model entries */
nodemgr_create_host_dev_files(host);
diff --git a/drivers/input/gameport/gameport.c b/drivers/input/gameport/gameport.c
index bd686a2a517..20896d5e5f0 100644
--- a/drivers/input/gameport/gameport.c
+++ b/drivers/input/gameport/gameport.c
@@ -445,6 +445,7 @@ static struct gameport *gameport_get_pending_child(struct gameport *parent)
static int gameport_thread(void *nothing)
{
+ set_freezable();
do {
gameport_handle_event();
wait_event_interruptible(gameport_wait,
diff --git a/drivers/input/serio/serio.c b/drivers/input/serio/serio.c
index a8f3bc1dff2..372ca493119 100644
--- a/drivers/input/serio/serio.c
+++ b/drivers/input/serio/serio.c
@@ -384,6 +384,7 @@ static struct serio *serio_get_pending_child(struct serio *parent)
static int serio_thread(void *nothing)
{
+ set_freezable();
do {
serio_handle_event();
wait_event_interruptible(serio_wait,
diff --git a/drivers/input/touchscreen/ucb1400_ts.c b/drivers/input/touchscreen/ucb1400_ts.c
index f0cbcdb008e..36f94401915 100644
--- a/drivers/input/touchscreen/ucb1400_ts.c
+++ b/drivers/input/touchscreen/ucb1400_ts.c
@@ -292,6 +292,7 @@ static int ucb1400_ts_thread(void *_ucb)
sched_setscheduler(tsk, SCHED_FIFO, &param);
+ set_freezable();
while (!kthread_should_stop()) {
unsigned int x, y, p;
long timeout;
diff --git a/drivers/macintosh/therm_adt746x.c b/drivers/macintosh/therm_adt746x.c
index bd55e6ab99f..f25685b9b7c 100644
--- a/drivers/macintosh/therm_adt746x.c
+++ b/drivers/macintosh/therm_adt746x.c
@@ -335,6 +335,7 @@ static int monitor_task(void *arg)
{
struct thermostat* th = arg;
+ set_freezable();
while(!kthread_should_stop()) {
try_to_freeze();
msleep_interruptible(2000);
diff --git a/drivers/macintosh/windfarm_core.c b/drivers/macintosh/windfarm_core.c
index 4fcb245ba18..e18d265d5d3 100644
--- a/drivers/macintosh/windfarm_core.c
+++ b/drivers/macintosh/windfarm_core.c
@@ -92,6 +92,7 @@ static int wf_thread_func(void *data)
DBG("wf: thread started\n");
+ set_freezable();
while(!kthread_should_stop()) {
if (time_after_eq(jiffies, next)) {
wf_notify(WF_EVENT_TICK, NULL);
diff --git a/drivers/md/md.c b/drivers/md/md.c
index 33beaa7da08..9aefc4a023d 100644
--- a/drivers/md/md.c
+++ b/drivers/md/md.c
@@ -4642,7 +4642,6 @@ static int md_thread(void * arg)
* many dirty RAID5 blocks.
*/
- current->flags |= PF_NOFREEZE;
allow_signal(SIGKILL);
while (!kthread_should_stop()) {
diff --git a/drivers/media/dvb/dvb-core/dvb_frontend.c b/drivers/media/dvb/dvb-core/dvb_frontend.c
index f4e4ca2dcad..b6c7f6610ec 100644
--- a/drivers/media/dvb/dvb-core/dvb_frontend.c
+++ b/drivers/media/dvb/dvb-core/dvb_frontend.c
@@ -523,6 +523,7 @@ static int dvb_frontend_thread(void *data)
dvb_frontend_init(fe);
+ set_freezable();
while (1) {
up(&fepriv->sem); /* is locked when we enter the thread... */
restart:
diff --git a/drivers/media/video/cx88/cx88-tvaudio.c b/drivers/media/video/cx88/cx88-tvaudio.c
index 259ea08e784..1cc2d286a1c 100644
--- a/drivers/media/video/cx88/cx88-tvaudio.c
+++ b/drivers/media/video/cx88/cx88-tvaudio.c
@@ -906,6 +906,7 @@ int cx88_audio_thread(void *data)
u32 mode = 0;
dprintk("cx88: tvaudio thread started\n");
+ set_freezable();
for (;;) {
msleep_interruptible(1000);
if (kthread_should_stop())
diff --git a/drivers/media/video/msp3400-kthreads.c b/drivers/media/video/msp3400-kthreads.c
index e1821eb82fb..d5ee2629121 100644
--- a/drivers/media/video/msp3400-kthreads.c
+++ b/drivers/media/video/msp3400-kthreads.c
@@ -23,6 +23,7 @@
#include <linux/module.h>
#include <linux/slab.h>
#include <linux/i2c.h>
+#include <linux/freezer.h>
#include <linux/videodev.h>
#include <linux/videodev2.h>
#include <media/v4l2-common.h>
@@ -468,6 +469,7 @@ int msp3400c_thread(void *data)
v4l_dbg(1, msp_debug, client, "msp3400 daemon started\n");
+ set_freezable();
for (;;) {
v4l_dbg(2, msp_debug, client, "msp3400 thread: sleep\n");
msp_sleep(state, -1);
@@ -646,7 +648,7 @@ int msp3410d_thread(void *data)
int val, i, std, count;
v4l_dbg(1, msp_debug, client, "msp3410 daemon started\n");
-
+ set_freezable();
for (;;) {
v4l_dbg(2, msp_debug, client, "msp3410 thread: sleep\n");
msp_sleep(state,-1);
@@ -940,7 +942,7 @@ int msp34xxg_thread(void *data)
int val, i;
v4l_dbg(1, msp_debug, client, "msp34xxg daemon started\n");
-
+ set_freezable();
for (;;) {
v4l_dbg(2, msp_debug, client, "msp34xxg thread: sleep\n");
msp_sleep(state, -1);
diff --git a/drivers/media/video/tvaudio.c b/drivers/media/video/tvaudio.c
index c9bf9dbc2ea..9da338dc4f3 100644
--- a/drivers/media/video/tvaudio.c
+++ b/drivers/media/video/tvaudio.c
@@ -271,7 +271,7 @@ static int chip_thread(void *data)
struct CHIPDESC *desc = chiplist + chip->type;
v4l_dbg(1, debug, &chip->c, "%s: thread started\n", chip->c.name);
-
+ set_freezable();
for (;;) {
set_current_state(TASK_INTERRUPTIBLE);
if (!kthread_should_stop())
diff --git a/drivers/media/video/video-buf-dvb.c b/drivers/media/video/video-buf-dvb.c
index fcc5467e763..e617925ba31 100644
--- a/drivers/media/video/video-buf-dvb.c
+++ b/drivers/media/video/video-buf-dvb.c
@@ -47,6 +47,7 @@ static int videobuf_dvb_thread(void *data)
int err;
dprintk("dvb thread started\n");
+ set_freezable();
videobuf_read_start(&dvb->dvbq);
for (;;) {
diff --git a/drivers/media/video/vivi.c b/drivers/media/video/vivi.c
index f7e1d191037..3ef4d0159c3 100644
--- a/drivers/media/video/vivi.c
+++ b/drivers/media/video/vivi.c
@@ -573,6 +573,7 @@ static int vivi_thread(void *data)
dprintk(1,"thread started\n");
mod_timer(&dma_q->timeout, jiffies+BUFFER_TIMEOUT);
+ set_freezable();
for (;;) {
vivi_sleep(dma_q);
diff --git a/drivers/mfd/ucb1x00-ts.c b/drivers/mfd/ucb1x00-ts.c
index 38e815a2e87..fdbaa776f24 100644
--- a/drivers/mfd/ucb1x00-ts.c
+++ b/drivers/mfd/ucb1x00-ts.c
@@ -209,6 +209,7 @@ static int ucb1x00_thread(void *_ts)
DECLARE_WAITQUEUE(wait, tsk);
int valid = 0;
+ set_freezable();
add_wait_queue(&ts->irq_wait, &wait);
while (!kthread_should_stop()) {
unsigned int x, y, p;
diff --git a/drivers/mmc/card/queue.c b/drivers/mmc/card/queue.c
index 4fb2089dc69..b53dac8d1b6 100644
--- a/drivers/mmc/card/queue.c
+++ b/drivers/mmc/card/queue.c
@@ -11,6 +11,7 @@
*/
#include <linux/module.h>
#include <linux/blkdev.h>
+#include <linux/freezer.h>
#include <linux/kthread.h>
#include <linux/mmc/card.h>
@@ -44,11 +45,7 @@ static int mmc_queue_thread(void *d)
struct mmc_queue *mq = d;
struct request_queue *q = mq->queue;
- /*
- * Set iothread to ensure that we aren't put to sleep by
- * the process freezing. We handle suspension ourselves.
- */
- current->flags |= PF_MEMALLOC|PF_NOFREEZE;
+ current->flags |= PF_MEMALLOC;
down(&mq->thread_sem);
do {
diff --git a/drivers/mtd/mtd_blkdevs.c b/drivers/mtd/mtd_blkdevs.c
index 51bc7e2f1f2..ef89780eb9d 100644
--- a/drivers/mtd/mtd_blkdevs.c
+++ b/drivers/mtd/mtd_blkdevs.c
@@ -16,6 +16,7 @@
#include <linux/mtd/mtd.h>
#include <linux/blkdev.h>
#include <linux/blkpg.h>
+#include <linux/freezer.h>
#include <linux/spinlock.h>
#include <linux/hdreg.h>
#include <linux/init.h>
@@ -80,7 +81,7 @@ static int mtd_blktrans_thread(void *arg)
struct request_queue *rq = tr->blkcore_priv->rq;
/* we might get involved when memory gets low, so use PF_MEMALLOC */
- current->flags |= PF_MEMALLOC | PF_NOFREEZE;
+ current->flags |= PF_MEMALLOC;
spin_lock_irq(rq->queue_lock);
while (!kthread_should_stop()) {
diff --git a/drivers/mtd/ubi/wl.c b/drivers/mtd/ubi/wl.c
index 9ecaf77eca9..ab2174a56bc 100644
--- a/drivers/mtd/ubi/wl.c
+++ b/drivers/mtd/ubi/wl.c
@@ -1346,6 +1346,7 @@ static int ubi_thread(void *u)
ubi_msg("background thread \"%s\" started, PID %d",
ubi->bgt_name, current->pid);
+ set_freezable();
for (;;) {
int err;
diff --git a/drivers/net/wireless/airo.c b/drivers/net/wireless/airo.c
index 1c54908fdc4..ee1cc14db38 100644
--- a/drivers/net/wireless/airo.c
+++ b/drivers/net/wireless/airo.c
@@ -3086,7 +3086,8 @@ static int airo_thread(void *data) {
struct net_device *dev = data;
struct airo_info *ai = dev->priv;
int locked;
-
+
+ set_freezable();
while(1) {
/* make swsusp happy with our thread */
try_to_freeze();
diff --git a/drivers/net/wireless/libertas/main.c b/drivers/net/wireless/libertas/main.c
index 4a59306a3f0..9f366242c39 100644
--- a/drivers/net/wireless/libertas/main.c
+++ b/drivers/net/wireless/libertas/main.c
@@ -613,6 +613,7 @@ static int wlan_service_main_thread(void *data)
init_waitqueue_entry(&wait, current);
+ set_freezable();
for (;;) {
lbs_deb_thread( "main-thread 111: intcounter=%d "
"currenttxskb=%p dnld_sent=%d\n",
diff --git a/drivers/pcmcia/cs.c b/drivers/pcmcia/cs.c
index 50cad3a59a6..7c93a108f9b 100644
--- a/drivers/pcmcia/cs.c
+++ b/drivers/pcmcia/cs.c
@@ -651,6 +651,7 @@ static int pccardd(void *__skt)
add_wait_queue(&skt->thread_wait, &wait);
complete(&skt->thread_done);
+ set_freezable();
for (;;) {
unsigned long flags;
unsigned int events;
diff --git a/drivers/pnp/pnpbios/core.c b/drivers/pnp/pnpbios/core.c
index 3a201b77b96..03baf1c64a2 100644
--- a/drivers/pnp/pnpbios/core.c
+++ b/drivers/pnp/pnpbios/core.c
@@ -160,6 +160,7 @@ static int pnp_dock_thread(void * unused)
{
static struct pnp_docking_station_info now;
int docked = -1, d = 0;
+ set_freezable();
while (!unloading)
{
int status;
diff --git a/drivers/scsi/libsas/sas_scsi_host.c b/drivers/scsi/libsas/sas_scsi_host.c
index d70ddfda93f..9c5342e7a69 100644
--- a/drivers/scsi/libsas/sas_scsi_host.c
+++ b/drivers/scsi/libsas/sas_scsi_host.c
@@ -40,6 +40,7 @@
#include <linux/err.h>
#include <linux/blkdev.h>
+#include <linux/freezer.h>
#include <linux/scatterlist.h>
/* ---------- SCSI Host glue ---------- */
@@ -868,8 +869,6 @@ static int sas_queue_thread(void *_sas_ha)
{
struct sas_ha_struct *sas_ha = _sas_ha;
- current->flags |= PF_NOFREEZE;
-
while (1) {
set_current_state(TASK_INTERRUPTIBLE);
schedule();
diff --git a/drivers/scsi/scsi_error.c b/drivers/scsi/scsi_error.c
index 9adb64ac054..8a525abda30 100644
--- a/drivers/scsi/scsi_error.c
+++ b/drivers/scsi/scsi_error.c
@@ -19,6 +19,7 @@
#include <linux/timer.h>
#include <linux/string.h>
#include <linux/kernel.h>
+#include <linux/freezer.h>
#include <linux/kthread.h>
#include <linux/interrupt.h>
#include <linux/blkdev.h>
@@ -1516,8 +1517,6 @@ int scsi_error_handler(void *data)
{
struct Scsi_Host *shost = data;
- current->flags |= PF_NOFREEZE;
-
/*
* We use TASK_INTERRUPTIBLE so that the thread is not
* counted against the load average as a running process.
diff --git a/drivers/usb/atm/ueagle-atm.c b/drivers/usb/atm/ueagle-atm.c
index 4973e147bc7..8f046659b4e 100644
--- a/drivers/usb/atm/ueagle-atm.c
+++ b/drivers/usb/atm/ueagle-atm.c
@@ -1168,6 +1168,7 @@ static int uea_kthread(void *data)
struct uea_softc *sc = data;
int ret = -EAGAIN;
+ set_freezable();
uea_enters(INS_TO_USBDEV(sc));
while (!kthread_should_stop()) {
if (ret < 0 || sc->reset)
diff --git a/drivers/usb/core/hub.c b/drivers/usb/core/hub.c
index 50e79010401..fd74c50b180 100644
--- a/drivers/usb/core/hub.c
+++ b/drivers/usb/core/hub.c
@@ -2728,6 +2728,7 @@ loop:
static int hub_thread(void *__unused)
{
+ set_freezable();
do {
hub_events();
wait_event_interruptible(khubd_wait,
diff --git a/drivers/usb/gadget/file_storage.c b/drivers/usb/gadget/file_storage.c
index 8712ef98717..be7a1bd2823 100644
--- a/drivers/usb/gadget/file_storage.c
+++ b/drivers/usb/gadget/file_storage.c
@@ -3434,6 +3434,9 @@ static int fsg_main_thread(void *fsg_)
allow_signal(SIGKILL);
allow_signal(SIGUSR1);
+ /* Allow the thread to be frozen */
+ set_freezable();
+
/* Arrange for userspace references to be interpreted as kernel
* pointers. That way we can pass a kernel pointer to a routine
* that expects a __user pointer and it will work okay. */
diff --git a/drivers/usb/storage/usb.c b/drivers/usb/storage/usb.c
index bef8bcd9bd9..28842d208bb 100644
--- a/drivers/usb/storage/usb.c
+++ b/drivers/usb/storage/usb.c
@@ -311,8 +311,6 @@ static int usb_stor_control_thread(void * __us)
struct Scsi_Host *host = us_to_host(us);
int autopm_rc;
- current->flags |= PF_NOFREEZE;
-
for(;;) {
US_DEBUGP("*** thread sleeping.\n");
if(down_interruptible(&us->sema))
@@ -920,6 +918,7 @@ static int usb_stor_scan_thread(void * __us)
printk(KERN_DEBUG
"usb-storage: device found at %d\n", us->pusb_dev->devnum);
+ set_freezable();
/* Wait for the timeout to expire or for a disconnect */
if (delay_use > 0) {
printk(KERN_DEBUG "usb-storage: waiting for device "
diff --git a/drivers/video/ps3fb.c b/drivers/video/ps3fb.c
index 08b7ffbbbbd..3972aa8cf85 100644
--- a/drivers/video/ps3fb.c
+++ b/drivers/video/ps3fb.c
@@ -812,6 +812,7 @@ static int ps3fb_ioctl(struct fb_info *info, unsigned int cmd,
static int ps3fbd(void *arg)
{
+ set_freezable();
while (!kthread_should_stop()) {
try_to_freeze();
set_current_state(TASK_INTERRUPTIBLE);
diff --git a/drivers/w1/w1.c b/drivers/w1/w1.c
index f5c5b760ed7..c6332108f1c 100644
--- a/drivers/w1/w1.c
+++ b/drivers/w1/w1.c
@@ -805,6 +805,7 @@ static int w1_control(void *data)
struct w1_master *dev, *n;
int have_to_wait = 0;
+ set_freezable();
while (!kthread_should_stop() || have_to_wait) {
have_to_wait = 0;
diff --git a/fs/cifs/cifsfs.c b/fs/cifs/cifsfs.c
index 8b0cbf4a4ad..bd0f2f2353c 100644
--- a/fs/cifs/cifsfs.c
+++ b/fs/cifs/cifsfs.c
@@ -849,6 +849,7 @@ static int cifs_oplock_thread(void * dummyarg)
__u16 netfid;
int rc;
+ set_freezable();
do {
if (try_to_freeze())
continue;
diff --git a/fs/cifs/connect.c b/fs/cifs/connect.c
index f4e92661b22..0a1b8bd1dfc 100644
--- a/fs/cifs/connect.c
+++ b/fs/cifs/connect.c
@@ -363,6 +363,7 @@ cifs_demultiplex_thread(struct TCP_Server_Info *server)
GFP_KERNEL);
}
+ set_freezable();
while (!kthread_should_stop()) {
if (try_to_freeze())
continue;
diff --git a/fs/jffs2/background.c b/fs/jffs2/background.c
index 0c82dfcfd24..143c5530caf 100644
--- a/fs/jffs2/background.c
+++ b/fs/jffs2/background.c
@@ -81,6 +81,7 @@ static int jffs2_garbage_collect_thread(void *_c)
set_user_nice(current, 10);
+ set_freezable();
for (;;) {
allow_signal(SIGHUP);
diff --git a/fs/lockd/svc.c b/fs/lockd/svc.c
index 26809325469..9fcdef50aad 100644
--- a/fs/lockd/svc.c
+++ b/fs/lockd/svc.c
@@ -25,6 +25,7 @@
#include <linux/smp.h>
#include <linux/smp_lock.h>
#include <linux/mutex.h>
+#include <linux/freezer.h>
#include <linux/sunrpc/types.h>
#include <linux/sunrpc/stats.h>
@@ -119,6 +120,7 @@ lockd(struct svc_rqst *rqstp)
complete(&lockd_start_done);
daemonize("lockd");
+ set_freezable();
/* Process request with signals blocked, but allow SIGKILL. */
allow_signal(SIGKILL);
diff --git a/fs/nfs/callback.c b/fs/nfs/callback.c
index 75f309c8741..a796be5051b 100644
--- a/fs/nfs/callback.c
+++ b/fs/nfs/callback.c
@@ -14,6 +14,7 @@
#include <linux/sunrpc/svcsock.h>
#include <linux/nfs_fs.h>
#include <linux/mutex.h>
+#include <linux/freezer.h>
#include <net/inet_sock.h>
@@ -67,6 +68,7 @@ static void nfs_callback_svc(struct svc_rqst *rqstp)
daemonize("nfsv4-svc");
/* Process request with signals blocked, but allow SIGKILL. */
allow_signal(SIGKILL);
+ set_freezable();
complete(&nfs_callback_info.started);
diff --git a/fs/nfsd/nfssvc.c b/fs/nfsd/nfssvc.c
index ff55950efb4..5c8192bcbce 100644
--- a/fs/nfsd/nfssvc.c
+++ b/fs/nfsd/nfssvc.c
@@ -19,6 +19,7 @@
#include <linux/slab.h>
#include <linux/smp.h>
#include <linux/smp_lock.h>
+#include <linux/freezer.h>
#include <linux/fs_struct.h>
#include <linux/sunrpc/types.h>
@@ -432,6 +433,7 @@ nfsd(struct svc_rqst *rqstp)
* dirty pages.
*/
current->flags |= PF_LESS_THROTTLE;
+ set_freezable();
/*
* The main request loop
diff --git a/fs/xfs/linux-2.6/xfs_super.c b/fs/xfs/linux-2.6/xfs_super.c
index 06894cf00b1..4528f9a3f30 100644
--- a/fs/xfs/linux-2.6/xfs_super.c
+++ b/fs/xfs/linux-2.6/xfs_super.c
@@ -562,6 +562,7 @@ xfssyncd(
bhv_vfs_sync_work_t *work, *n;
LIST_HEAD (tmp);
+ set_freezable();
timeleft = xfs_syncd_centisecs * msecs_to_jiffies(10);
for (;;) {
timeleft = schedule_timeout_interruptible(timeleft);
diff --git a/include/linux/freezer.h b/include/linux/freezer.h
index 4631086f506..2d38b1a7466 100644
--- a/include/linux/freezer.h
+++ b/include/linux/freezer.h
@@ -1,5 +1,8 @@
/* Freezer declarations */
+#ifndef FREEZER_H_INCLUDED
+#define FREEZER_H_INCLUDED
+
#include <linux/sched.h>
#ifdef CONFIG_PM
@@ -115,6 +118,14 @@ static inline int freezer_should_skip(struct task_struct *p)
return !!(p->flags & PF_FREEZER_SKIP);
}
+/*
+ * Tell the freezer that the current task should be frozen by it
+ */
+static inline void set_freezable(void)
+{
+ current->flags &= ~PF_NOFREEZE;
+}
+
#else
static inline int frozen(struct task_struct *p) { return 0; }
static inline int freezing(struct task_struct *p) { return 0; }
@@ -130,4 +141,7 @@ static inline int try_to_freeze(void) { return 0; }
static inline void freezer_do_not_count(void) {}
static inline void freezer_count(void) {}
static inline int freezer_should_skip(struct task_struct *p) { return 0; }
+static inline void set_freezable(void) {}
#endif
+
+#endif /* FREEZER_H_INCLUDED */
diff --git a/init/do_mounts_initrd.c b/init/do_mounts_initrd.c
index b222ce9e1c8..a6b4c0c08e1 100644
--- a/init/do_mounts_initrd.c
+++ b/init/do_mounts_initrd.c
@@ -56,12 +56,9 @@ static void __init handle_initrd(void)
sys_chroot(".");
pid = kernel_thread(do_linuxrc, "/linuxrc", SIGCHLD);
- if (pid > 0) {
- while (pid != sys_wait4(-1, NULL, 0, NULL)) {
- try_to_freeze();
+ if (pid > 0)
+ while (pid != sys_wait4(-1, NULL, 0, NULL))
yield();
- }
- }
/* move initrd to rootfs' /old */
sys_fchdir(old_fd);
diff --git a/kernel/audit.c b/kernel/audit.c
index 5ce8851facf..eb0f9165b40 100644
--- a/kernel/audit.c
+++ b/kernel/audit.c
@@ -392,6 +392,7 @@ static int kauditd_thread(void *dummy)
{
struct sk_buff *skb;
+ set_freezable();
while (!kthread_should_stop()) {
skb = skb_dequeue(&audit_skb_queue);
wake_up(&audit_backlog_wait);
diff --git a/kernel/exit.c b/kernel/exit.c
index 57626692cd9..e8af8d0c248 100644
--- a/kernel/exit.c
+++ b/kernel/exit.c
@@ -31,6 +31,7 @@
#include <linux/mempolicy.h>
#include <linux/taskstats_kern.h>
#include <linux/delayacct.h>
+#include <linux/freezer.h>
#include <linux/cpuset.h>
#include <linux/syscalls.h>
#include <linux/signal.h>
@@ -387,6 +388,11 @@ void daemonize(const char *name, ...)
* they would be locked into memory.
*/
exit_mm(current);
+ /*
+ * We don't want to have TIF_FREEZE set if the system-wide hibernation
+ * or suspend transition begins right now.
+ */
+ current->flags |= PF_NOFREEZE;
set_special_pids(1, 1);
proc_clear_tty(current);
diff --git a/kernel/fork.c b/kernel/fork.c
index 7c5c5888e00..ba39bdb2a7b 100644
--- a/kernel/fork.c
+++ b/kernel/fork.c
@@ -923,7 +923,7 @@ static inline void copy_flags(unsigned long clone_flags, struct task_struct *p)
{
unsigned long new_flags = p->flags;
- new_flags &= ~(PF_SUPERPRIV | PF_NOFREEZE);
+ new_flags &= ~PF_SUPERPRIV;
new_flags |= PF_FORKNOEXEC;
if (!(clone_flags & CLONE_PTRACE))
p->ptrace = 0;
diff --git a/kernel/rcutorture.c b/kernel/rcutorture.c
index 55ba82a85a6..ddff3324778 100644
--- a/kernel/rcutorture.c
+++ b/kernel/rcutorture.c
@@ -40,6 +40,7 @@
#include <linux/moduleparam.h>
#include <linux/percpu.h>
#include <linux/notifier.h>
+#include <linux/freezer.h>
#include <linux/cpu.h>
#include <linux/random.h>
#include <linux/delay.h>
@@ -518,7 +519,6 @@ rcu_torture_writer(void *arg)
VERBOSE_PRINTK_STRING("rcu_torture_writer task started");
set_user_nice(current, 19);
- current->flags |= PF_NOFREEZE;
do {
schedule_timeout_uninterruptible(1);
@@ -558,7 +558,6 @@ rcu_torture_fakewriter(void *arg)
VERBOSE_PRINTK_STRING("rcu_torture_fakewriter task started");
set_user_nice(current, 19);
- current->flags |= PF_NOFREEZE;
do {
schedule_timeout_uninterruptible(1 + rcu_random(&rand)%10);
@@ -589,7 +588,6 @@ rcu_torture_reader(void *arg)
VERBOSE_PRINTK_STRING("rcu_torture_reader task started");
set_user_nice(current, 19);
- current->flags |= PF_NOFREEZE;
do {
idx = cur_ops->readlock();
diff --git a/kernel/rtmutex-tester.c b/kernel/rtmutex-tester.c
index 015fc633c96..e3055ba6915 100644
--- a/kernel/rtmutex-tester.c
+++ b/kernel/rtmutex-tester.c
@@ -260,6 +260,7 @@ static int test_func(void *data)
int ret;
current->flags |= PF_MUTEX_TESTER;
+ set_freezable();
allow_signal(SIGHUP);
for(;;) {
diff --git a/kernel/sched.c b/kernel/sched.c
index 1c8076676eb..cb31fb4a137 100644
--- a/kernel/sched.c
+++ b/kernel/sched.c
@@ -4912,8 +4912,6 @@ static int migration_thread(void *data)
struct migration_req *req;
struct list_head *head;
- try_to_freeze();
-
spin_lock_irq(&rq->lock);
if (cpu_is_offline(cpu)) {
@@ -5147,7 +5145,6 @@ migration_call(struct notifier_block *nfb, unsigned long action, void *hcpu)
p = kthread_create(migration_thread, hcpu, "migration/%d", cpu);
if (IS_ERR(p))
return NOTIFY_BAD;
- p->flags |= PF_NOFREEZE;
kthread_bind(p, cpu);
/* Must be high prio: stop_machine expects to yield to it. */
rq = task_rq_lock(p, &flags);
diff --git a/kernel/softirq.c b/kernel/softirq.c
index 8de26779016..0f546ddea43 100644
--- a/kernel/softirq.c
+++ b/kernel/softirq.c
@@ -14,6 +14,7 @@
#include <linux/notifier.h>
#include <linux/percpu.h>
#include <linux/cpu.h>
+#include <linux/freezer.h>
#include <linux/kthread.h>
#include <linux/rcupdate.h>
#include <linux/smp.h>
@@ -488,8 +489,6 @@ void __init softirq_init(void)
static int ksoftirqd(void * __bind_cpu)
{
- current->flags |= PF_NOFREEZE;
-
set_current_state(TASK_INTERRUPTIBLE);
while (!kthread_should_stop()) {
diff --git a/kernel/softlockup.c b/kernel/softlockup.c
index 0131e296ffb..708d4882c0c 100644
--- a/kernel/softlockup.c
+++ b/kernel/softlockup.c
@@ -10,6 +10,7 @@
#include <linux/cpu.h>
#include <linux/init.h>
#include <linux/delay.h>
+#include <linux/freezer.h>
#include <linux/kthread.h>
#include <linux/notifier.h>
#include <linux/module.h>
@@ -116,7 +117,6 @@ static int watchdog(void * __bind_cpu)
struct sched_param param = { .sched_priority = MAX_RT_PRIO-1 };
sched_setscheduler(current, SCHED_FIFO, &param);
- current->flags |= PF_NOFREEZE;
/* initialize timestamp */
touch_softlockup_watchdog();
diff --git a/kernel/workqueue.c b/kernel/workqueue.c
index d7d3fa3072e..1935302cc64 100644
--- a/kernel/workqueue.c
+++ b/kernel/workqueue.c
@@ -282,8 +282,8 @@ static int worker_thread(void *__cwq)
struct cpu_workqueue_struct *cwq = __cwq;
DEFINE_WAIT(wait);
- if (!cwq->wq->freezeable)
- current->flags |= PF_NOFREEZE;
+ if (cwq->wq->freezeable)
+ set_freezable();
set_user_nice(current, -5);
diff --git a/mm/pdflush.c b/mm/pdflush.c
index 8ce0900dc95..8f6ee073c0e 100644
--- a/mm/pdflush.c
+++ b/mm/pdflush.c
@@ -92,6 +92,7 @@ struct pdflush_work {
static int __pdflush(struct pdflush_work *my_work)
{
current->flags |= PF_FLUSHER | PF_SWAPWRITE;
+ set_freezable();
my_work->fn = NULL;
my_work->who = current;
INIT_LIST_HEAD(&my_work->list);
diff --git a/mm/vmscan.c b/mm/vmscan.c
index 2225b7c9df8..d419e10e3da 100644
--- a/mm/vmscan.c
+++ b/mm/vmscan.c
@@ -1421,6 +1421,7 @@ static int kswapd(void *p)
* trying to free the first piece of memory in the first place).
*/
tsk->flags |= PF_MEMALLOC | PF_SWAPWRITE | PF_KSWAPD;
+ set_freezable();
order = 0;
for ( ; ; ) {
diff --git a/net/bluetooth/bnep/core.c b/net/bluetooth/bnep/core.c
index 1c8f4a0c5f4..1f78c3e336d 100644
--- a/net/bluetooth/bnep/core.c
+++ b/net/bluetooth/bnep/core.c
@@ -36,6 +36,7 @@
#include <linux/signal.h>
#include <linux/init.h>
#include <linux/wait.h>
+#include <linux/freezer.h>
#include <linux/errno.h>
#include <linux/net.h>
#include <net/sock.h>
@@ -474,7 +475,6 @@ static int bnep_session(void *arg)
daemonize("kbnepd %s", dev->name);
set_user_nice(current, -15);
- current->flags |= PF_NOFREEZE;
init_waitqueue_entry(&wait, current);
add_wait_queue(sk->sk_sleep, &wait);
diff --git a/net/bluetooth/cmtp/core.c b/net/bluetooth/cmtp/core.c
index 66bef1ccee2..ca60a4517fd 100644
--- a/net/bluetooth/cmtp/core.c
+++ b/net/bluetooth/cmtp/core.c
@@ -29,6 +29,7 @@
#include <linux/slab.h>
#include <linux/poll.h>
#include <linux/fcntl.h>
+#include <linux/freezer.h>
#include <linux/skbuff.h>
#include <linux/socket.h>
#include <linux/ioctl.h>
@@ -287,7 +288,6 @@ static int cmtp_session(void *arg)
daemonize("kcmtpd_ctr_%d", session->num);
set_user_nice(current, -15);
- current->flags |= PF_NOFREEZE;
init_waitqueue_entry(&wait, current);
add_wait_queue(sk->sk_sleep, &wait);
diff --git a/net/bluetooth/hidp/core.c b/net/bluetooth/hidp/core.c
index 450eb0244bb..64d89ca2884 100644
--- a/net/bluetooth/hidp/core.c
+++ b/net/bluetooth/hidp/core.c
@@ -28,6 +28,7 @@
#include <linux/sched.h>
#include <linux/slab.h>
#include <linux/poll.h>
+#include <linux/freezer.h>
#include <linux/fcntl.h>
#include <linux/skbuff.h>
#include <linux/socket.h>
@@ -547,7 +548,6 @@ static int hidp_session(void *arg)
daemonize("khidpd_%04x%04x", vendor, product);
set_user_nice(current, -15);
- current->flags |= PF_NOFREEZE;
init_waitqueue_entry(&ctrl_wait, current);
init_waitqueue_entry(&intr_wait, current);
diff --git a/net/bluetooth/rfcomm/core.c b/net/bluetooth/rfcomm/core.c
index 52e04df323e..bb7220770f2 100644
--- a/net/bluetooth/rfcomm/core.c
+++ b/net/bluetooth/rfcomm/core.c
@@ -33,6 +33,7 @@
#include <linux/sched.h>
#include <linux/signal.h>
#include <linux/init.h>
+#include <linux/freezer.h>
#include <linux/wait.h>
#include <linux/device.h>
#include <linux/net.h>
@@ -1940,7 +1941,6 @@ static int rfcomm_run(void *unused)
daemonize("krfcommd");
set_user_nice(current, -10);
- current->flags |= PF_NOFREEZE;
BT_DBG("");
diff --git a/net/core/pktgen.c b/net/core/pktgen.c
index 75215331b04..bca787fdbc5 100644
--- a/net/core/pktgen.c
+++ b/net/core/pktgen.c
@@ -3465,6 +3465,8 @@ static int pktgen_thread_worker(void *arg)
set_current_state(TASK_INTERRUPTIBLE);
+ set_freezable();
+
while (!kthread_should_stop()) {
pkt_dev = next_to_run(t);