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authorSerge E. Hallyn <serue@us.ibm.com>2009-04-06 19:01:10 -0700
committerLinus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>2009-04-07 08:31:09 -0700
commit7eafd7c74c3f2e67c27621b987b28397110d643f (patch)
treeb4621aab78b6303f20386096c230b993044a4db7
parent614b84cf4e4a920d2af32b8f147ea1e3b8c27ea6 (diff)
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namespaces: ipc namespaces: implement support for posix msqueues
Implement multiple mounts of the mqueue file system, and link it to usage of CLONE_NEWIPC. Each ipc ns has a corresponding mqueuefs superblock. When a user does clone(CLONE_NEWIPC) or unshare(CLONE_NEWIPC), the unshare will cause an internal mount of a new mqueuefs sb linked to the new ipc ns. When a user does 'mount -t mqueue mqueue /dev/mqueue', he mounts the mqueuefs superblock. Posix message queues can be worked with both through the mq_* system calls (see mq_overview(7)), and through the VFS through the mqueue mount. Any usage of mq_open() and friends will work with the acting task's ipc namespace. Any actions through the VFS will work with the mqueuefs in which the file was created. So if a user doesn't remount mqueuefs after unshare(CLONE_NEWIPC), mq_open("/ab") will not be reflected in "ls /dev/mqueue". If task a mounts mqueue for ipc_ns:1, then clones task b with a new ipcns, ipcns:2, and then task a is the last task in ipc_ns:1 to exit, then (1) ipc_ns:1 will be freed, (2) it's superblock will live on until task b umounts the corresponding mqueuefs, and vfs actions will continue to succeed, but (3) sb->s_fs_info will be NULL for the sb corresponding to the deceased ipc_ns:1. To make this happen, we must protect the ipc reference count when a) a task exits and drops its ipcns->count, since it might be dropping it to 0 and freeing the ipcns b) a task accesses the ipcns through its mqueuefs interface, since it bumps the ipcns refcount and might race with the last task in the ipcns exiting. So the kref is changed to an atomic_t so we can use atomic_dec_and_lock(&ns->count,mq_lock), and every access to the ipcns through ns = mqueuefs_sb->s_fs_info is protected by the same lock. Signed-off-by: Cedric Le Goater <clg@fr.ibm.com> Signed-off-by: Serge E. Hallyn <serue@us.ibm.com> Cc: Alexey Dobriyan <adobriyan@gmail.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
-rw-r--r--include/linux/ipc_namespace.h16
-rw-r--r--ipc/mqueue.c111
-rw-r--r--ipc/msgutil.c9
-rw-r--r--ipc/namespace.c41
-rw-r--r--ipc/util.h6
5 files changed, 131 insertions, 52 deletions
diff --git a/include/linux/ipc_namespace.h b/include/linux/ipc_namespace.h
index 3e6fcacebe8..3392d50de35 100644
--- a/include/linux/ipc_namespace.h
+++ b/include/linux/ipc_namespace.h
@@ -25,7 +25,7 @@ struct ipc_ids {
};
struct ipc_namespace {
- struct kref kref;
+ atomic_t count;
struct ipc_ids ids[3];
int sem_ctls[4];
@@ -61,6 +61,7 @@ struct ipc_namespace {
extern struct ipc_namespace init_ipc_ns;
extern atomic_t nr_ipc_ns;
+extern spinlock_t mq_lock;
#if defined(CONFIG_POSIX_MQUEUE) || defined(CONFIG_SYSVIPC)
#define INIT_IPC_NS(ns) .ns = &init_ipc_ns,
#else
@@ -82,18 +83,18 @@ static inline int ipcns_notify(unsigned long l) { return 0; }
#endif /* CONFIG_SYSVIPC */
#ifdef CONFIG_POSIX_MQUEUE
-extern void mq_init_ns(struct ipc_namespace *ns);
+extern int mq_init_ns(struct ipc_namespace *ns);
/* default values */
#define DFLT_QUEUESMAX 256 /* max number of message queues */
#define DFLT_MSGMAX 10 /* max number of messages in each queue */
#define HARD_MSGMAX (131072/sizeof(void *))
#define DFLT_MSGSIZEMAX 8192 /* max message size */
#else
-#define mq_init_ns(ns) ((void) 0)
+static inline int mq_init_ns(struct ipc_namespace *ns) { return 0; }
#endif
#if defined(CONFIG_IPC_NS)
-extern void free_ipc_ns(struct kref *kref);
+extern void free_ipc_ns(struct ipc_namespace *ns);
extern struct ipc_namespace *copy_ipcs(unsigned long flags,
struct ipc_namespace *ns);
extern void free_ipcs(struct ipc_namespace *ns, struct ipc_ids *ids,
@@ -103,14 +104,11 @@ extern void free_ipcs(struct ipc_namespace *ns, struct ipc_ids *ids,
static inline struct ipc_namespace *get_ipc_ns(struct ipc_namespace *ns)
{
if (ns)
- kref_get(&ns->kref);
+ atomic_inc(&ns->count);
return ns;
}
-static inline void put_ipc_ns(struct ipc_namespace *ns)
-{
- kref_put(&ns->kref, free_ipc_ns);
-}
+extern void put_ipc_ns(struct ipc_namespace *ns);
#else
static inline struct ipc_namespace *copy_ipcs(unsigned long flags,
struct ipc_namespace *ns)
diff --git a/ipc/mqueue.c b/ipc/mqueue.c
index a3673a09069..c82d7b51ef6 100644
--- a/ipc/mqueue.c
+++ b/ipc/mqueue.c
@@ -88,7 +88,6 @@ static const struct file_operations mqueue_file_operations;
static struct super_operations mqueue_super_ops;
static void remove_notification(struct mqueue_inode_info *info);
-static spinlock_t mq_lock;
static struct kmem_cache *mqueue_inode_cachep;
static struct ctl_table_header * mq_sysctl_table;
@@ -98,27 +97,30 @@ static inline struct mqueue_inode_info *MQUEUE_I(struct inode *inode)
return container_of(inode, struct mqueue_inode_info, vfs_inode);
}
-void mq_init_ns(struct ipc_namespace *ns)
+/*
+ * This routine should be called with the mq_lock held.
+ */
+static inline struct ipc_namespace *__get_ns_from_inode(struct inode *inode)
{
- ns->mq_queues_count = 0;
- ns->mq_queues_max = DFLT_QUEUESMAX;
- ns->mq_msg_max = DFLT_MSGMAX;
- ns->mq_msgsize_max = DFLT_MSGSIZEMAX;
- ns->mq_mnt = mntget(init_ipc_ns.mq_mnt);
+ return get_ipc_ns(inode->i_sb->s_fs_info);
}
-void mq_exit_ns(struct ipc_namespace *ns)
+static struct ipc_namespace *get_ns_from_inode(struct inode *inode)
{
- /* will need to clear out ns->mq_mnt->mnt_sb->s_fs_info here */
- mntput(ns->mq_mnt);
+ struct ipc_namespace *ns;
+
+ spin_lock(&mq_lock);
+ ns = __get_ns_from_inode(inode);
+ spin_unlock(&mq_lock);
+ return ns;
}
-static struct inode *mqueue_get_inode(struct super_block *sb, int mode,
- struct mq_attr *attr)
+static struct inode *mqueue_get_inode(struct super_block *sb,
+ struct ipc_namespace *ipc_ns, int mode,
+ struct mq_attr *attr)
{
struct user_struct *u = current_user();
struct inode *inode;
- struct ipc_namespace *ipc_ns = &init_ipc_ns;
inode = new_inode(sb);
if (inode) {
@@ -193,30 +195,38 @@ out_inode:
static int mqueue_fill_super(struct super_block *sb, void *data, int silent)
{
struct inode *inode;
+ struct ipc_namespace *ns = data;
+ int error = 0;
sb->s_blocksize = PAGE_CACHE_SIZE;
sb->s_blocksize_bits = PAGE_CACHE_SHIFT;
sb->s_magic = MQUEUE_MAGIC;
sb->s_op = &mqueue_super_ops;
- inode = mqueue_get_inode(sb, S_IFDIR | S_ISVTX | S_IRWXUGO, NULL);
- if (!inode)
- return -ENOMEM;
+ inode = mqueue_get_inode(sb, ns, S_IFDIR | S_ISVTX | S_IRWXUGO,
+ NULL);
+ if (!inode) {
+ error = -ENOMEM;
+ goto out;
+ }
sb->s_root = d_alloc_root(inode);
if (!sb->s_root) {
iput(inode);
- return -ENOMEM;
+ error = -ENOMEM;
}
- return 0;
+out:
+ return error;
}
static int mqueue_get_sb(struct file_system_type *fs_type,
int flags, const char *dev_name,
void *data, struct vfsmount *mnt)
{
- return get_sb_single(fs_type, flags, data, mqueue_fill_super, mnt);
+ if (!(flags & MS_KERNMOUNT))
+ data = current->nsproxy->ipc_ns;
+ return get_sb_ns(fs_type, flags, data, mqueue_fill_super, mnt);
}
static void init_once(void *foo)
@@ -247,12 +257,13 @@ static void mqueue_delete_inode(struct inode *inode)
struct user_struct *user;
unsigned long mq_bytes;
int i;
- struct ipc_namespace *ipc_ns = &init_ipc_ns;
+ struct ipc_namespace *ipc_ns;
if (S_ISDIR(inode->i_mode)) {
clear_inode(inode);
return;
}
+ ipc_ns = get_ns_from_inode(inode);
info = MQUEUE_I(inode);
spin_lock(&info->lock);
for (i = 0; i < info->attr.mq_curmsgs; i++)
@@ -268,10 +279,19 @@ static void mqueue_delete_inode(struct inode *inode)
if (user) {
spin_lock(&mq_lock);
user->mq_bytes -= mq_bytes;
- ipc_ns->mq_queues_count--;
+ /*
+ * get_ns_from_inode() ensures that the
+ * (ipc_ns = sb->s_fs_info) is either a valid ipc_ns
+ * to which we now hold a reference, or it is NULL.
+ * We can't put it here under mq_lock, though.
+ */
+ if (ipc_ns)
+ ipc_ns->mq_queues_count--;
spin_unlock(&mq_lock);
free_uid(user);
}
+ if (ipc_ns)
+ put_ipc_ns(ipc_ns);
}
static int mqueue_create(struct inode *dir, struct dentry *dentry,
@@ -280,9 +300,14 @@ static int mqueue_create(struct inode *dir, struct dentry *dentry,
struct inode *inode;
struct mq_attr *attr = dentry->d_fsdata;
int error;
- struct ipc_namespace *ipc_ns = &init_ipc_ns;
+ struct ipc_namespace *ipc_ns;
spin_lock(&mq_lock);
+ ipc_ns = __get_ns_from_inode(dir);
+ if (!ipc_ns) {
+ error = -EACCES;
+ goto out_unlock;
+ }
if (ipc_ns->mq_queues_count >= ipc_ns->mq_queues_max &&
!capable(CAP_SYS_RESOURCE)) {
error = -ENOSPC;
@@ -291,7 +316,7 @@ static int mqueue_create(struct inode *dir, struct dentry *dentry,
ipc_ns->mq_queues_count++;
spin_unlock(&mq_lock);
- inode = mqueue_get_inode(dir->i_sb, mode, attr);
+ inode = mqueue_get_inode(dir->i_sb, ipc_ns, mode, attr);
if (!inode) {
error = -ENOMEM;
spin_lock(&mq_lock);
@@ -299,6 +324,7 @@ static int mqueue_create(struct inode *dir, struct dentry *dentry,
goto out_unlock;
}
+ put_ipc_ns(ipc_ns);
dir->i_size += DIRENT_SIZE;
dir->i_ctime = dir->i_mtime = dir->i_atime = CURRENT_TIME;
@@ -307,6 +333,8 @@ static int mqueue_create(struct inode *dir, struct dentry *dentry,
return 0;
out_unlock:
spin_unlock(&mq_lock);
+ if (ipc_ns)
+ put_ipc_ns(ipc_ns);
return error;
}
@@ -668,7 +696,7 @@ SYSCALL_DEFINE4(mq_open, const char __user *, u_name, int, oflag, mode_t, mode,
char *name;
struct mq_attr attr;
int fd, error;
- struct ipc_namespace *ipc_ns = &init_ipc_ns;
+ struct ipc_namespace *ipc_ns = current->nsproxy->ipc_ns;
if (u_attr && copy_from_user(&attr, u_attr, sizeof(struct mq_attr)))
return -EFAULT;
@@ -738,7 +766,7 @@ SYSCALL_DEFINE1(mq_unlink, const char __user *, u_name)
char *name;
struct dentry *dentry;
struct inode *inode = NULL;
- struct ipc_namespace *ipc_ns = &init_ipc_ns;
+ struct ipc_namespace *ipc_ns = current->nsproxy->ipc_ns;
name = getname(u_name);
if (IS_ERR(name))
@@ -1217,6 +1245,32 @@ static struct file_system_type mqueue_fs_type = {
.kill_sb = kill_litter_super,
};
+int mq_init_ns(struct ipc_namespace *ns)
+{
+ ns->mq_queues_count = 0;
+ ns->mq_queues_max = DFLT_QUEUESMAX;
+ ns->mq_msg_max = DFLT_MSGMAX;
+ ns->mq_msgsize_max = DFLT_MSGSIZEMAX;
+
+ ns->mq_mnt = kern_mount_data(&mqueue_fs_type, ns);
+ if (IS_ERR(ns->mq_mnt)) {
+ int err = PTR_ERR(ns->mq_mnt);
+ ns->mq_mnt = NULL;
+ return err;
+ }
+ return 0;
+}
+
+void mq_clear_sbinfo(struct ipc_namespace *ns)
+{
+ ns->mq_mnt->mnt_sb->s_fs_info = NULL;
+}
+
+void mq_put_mnt(struct ipc_namespace *ns)
+{
+ mntput(ns->mq_mnt);
+}
+
static int msg_max_limit_min = MIN_MSGMAX;
static int msg_max_limit_max = MAX_MSGMAX;
@@ -1288,15 +1342,14 @@ static int __init init_mqueue_fs(void)
if (error)
goto out_sysctl;
- init_ipc_ns.mq_mnt = kern_mount(&mqueue_fs_type);
+ spin_lock_init(&mq_lock);
+
+ init_ipc_ns.mq_mnt = kern_mount_data(&mqueue_fs_type, &init_ipc_ns);
if (IS_ERR(init_ipc_ns.mq_mnt)) {
error = PTR_ERR(init_ipc_ns.mq_mnt);
goto out_filesystem;
}
- /* internal initialization - not common for vfs */
- spin_lock_init(&mq_lock);
-
return 0;
out_filesystem:
diff --git a/ipc/msgutil.c b/ipc/msgutil.c
index 73c316cb861..f095ee26883 100644
--- a/ipc/msgutil.c
+++ b/ipc/msgutil.c
@@ -18,19 +18,16 @@
#include "util.h"
+DEFINE_SPINLOCK(mq_lock);
+
/*
* The next 2 defines are here bc this is the only file
* compiled when either CONFIG_SYSVIPC and CONFIG_POSIX_MQUEUE
* and not CONFIG_IPC_NS.
*/
struct ipc_namespace init_ipc_ns = {
- .kref = {
- /* It's not for this patch to change, but should this be 1? */
- .refcount = ATOMIC_INIT(2),
- },
+ .count = ATOMIC_INIT(1),
#ifdef CONFIG_POSIX_MQUEUE
- .mq_mnt = NULL,
- .mq_queues_count = 0,
.mq_queues_max = DFLT_QUEUESMAX,
.mq_msg_max = DFLT_MSGMAX,
.mq_msgsize_max = DFLT_MSGSIZEMAX,
diff --git a/ipc/namespace.c b/ipc/namespace.c
index 4b4dc6d847f..4a5e752a927 100644
--- a/ipc/namespace.c
+++ b/ipc/namespace.c
@@ -9,23 +9,31 @@
#include <linux/rcupdate.h>
#include <linux/nsproxy.h>
#include <linux/slab.h>
+#include <linux/fs.h>
+#include <linux/mount.h>
#include "util.h"
static struct ipc_namespace *clone_ipc_ns(struct ipc_namespace *old_ns)
{
struct ipc_namespace *ns;
+ int err;
ns = kmalloc(sizeof(struct ipc_namespace), GFP_KERNEL);
if (ns == NULL)
return ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM);
+ atomic_set(&ns->count, 1);
+ err = mq_init_ns(ns);
+ if (err) {
+ kfree(ns);
+ return ERR_PTR(err);
+ }
atomic_inc(&nr_ipc_ns);
sem_init_ns(ns);
msg_init_ns(ns);
shm_init_ns(ns);
- mq_init_ns(ns);
/*
* msgmni has already been computed for the new ipc ns.
@@ -35,7 +43,6 @@ static struct ipc_namespace *clone_ipc_ns(struct ipc_namespace *old_ns)
ipcns_notify(IPCNS_CREATED);
register_ipcns_notifier(ns);
- kref_init(&ns->kref);
return ns;
}
@@ -85,11 +92,34 @@ void free_ipcs(struct ipc_namespace *ns, struct ipc_ids *ids,
up_write(&ids->rw_mutex);
}
-void free_ipc_ns(struct kref *kref)
+/*
+ * put_ipc_ns - drop a reference to an ipc namespace.
+ * @ns: the namespace to put
+ *
+ * If this is the last task in the namespace exiting, and
+ * it is dropping the refcount to 0, then it can race with
+ * a task in another ipc namespace but in a mounts namespace
+ * which has this ipcns's mqueuefs mounted, doing some action
+ * with one of the mqueuefs files. That can raise the refcount.
+ * So dropping the refcount, and raising the refcount when
+ * accessing it through the VFS, are protected with mq_lock.
+ *
+ * (Clearly, a task raising the refcount on its own ipc_ns
+ * needn't take mq_lock since it can't race with the last task
+ * in the ipcns exiting).
+ */
+void put_ipc_ns(struct ipc_namespace *ns)
{
- struct ipc_namespace *ns;
+ if (atomic_dec_and_lock(&ns->count, &mq_lock)) {
+ mq_clear_sbinfo(ns);
+ spin_unlock(&mq_lock);
+ mq_put_mnt(ns);
+ free_ipc_ns(ns);
+ }
+}
- ns = container_of(kref, struct ipc_namespace, kref);
+void free_ipc_ns(struct ipc_namespace *ns)
+{
/*
* Unregistering the hotplug notifier at the beginning guarantees
* that the ipc namespace won't be freed while we are inside the
@@ -102,7 +132,6 @@ void free_ipc_ns(struct kref *kref)
sem_exit_ns(ns);
msg_exit_ns(ns);
shm_exit_ns(ns);
- mq_exit_ns(ns);
kfree(ns);
atomic_dec(&nr_ipc_ns);
diff --git a/ipc/util.h b/ipc/util.h
index 0e7d9223acc..1187332a89d 100644
--- a/ipc/util.h
+++ b/ipc/util.h
@@ -21,9 +21,11 @@ void shm_init (void);
struct ipc_namespace;
#ifdef CONFIG_POSIX_MQUEUE
-void mq_exit_ns(struct ipc_namespace *ns);
+extern void mq_clear_sbinfo(struct ipc_namespace *ns);
+extern void mq_put_mnt(struct ipc_namespace *ns);
#else
-static inline void mq_exit_ns(struct ipc_namespace *ns) { }
+static inline void mq_clear_sbinfo(struct ipc_namespace *ns) { }
+static inline void mq_put_mnt(struct ipc_namespace *ns) { }
#endif
#ifdef CONFIG_SYSVIPC