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Version 1.0.0, 5 February 1991
-- First public release.

Version 1.1.0, 8 February 1991
-- recycle(x) now calls x:recycle() before destroying the object.
-- the little-used and functionally-dubious update() function has been removed.
   **** NOTE: Technically, this change should make this a major release, since
   ****       it can break old code that depended on update() existing.  In
   ****       practice, however, only $prog:@update used it (in LambdaCore.db,
   ****       anyway).  Thus, to install this server, you should first @rmverb
   ****       $prog:@update, since its code would otherwise be syntactically
   ****       illegal.
-- added renumber() and reset_max_object(), to facilitate automatically
   generating new versions of LambdaCore.db from the current LambdaMOO db.
-- made it so that only wizards can set the .name property of players; code in
   the database now checks that players keep unique names.
-- added set_player_flag() and boot_player() to enable registration-style
   player creation and @toad-ing.

Version 1.1,1, 12 February 1991
-- Much rearrangement of #include's to come as close as possible to conformance
   with ANSI C and POSIX.
-- Many changes to improve portability, especially to sites with only 'nearly'
   ANSI-compliant compilers.
-- Added backtrace-printing for tasks aborted for running too long.

Version 1.1.2, 13 February 1991
-- Fixed nasty infinite recursion problem on server panic.
-- Fixed the implementation of renumber() to really do the job.  It's now much
   more expensive (linear in the size of the database rather than constant
   time), but at least it's correct.  It's only intended for use on a tiny
   DB anyway.

Version 1.1.3, 11 March 1991
-- Fixed benign unparsing bug that always parenthesized unary-minus
   expressions.
-- Changed move() to insert the newly-moved object as the last item in the
   contents list, rather than the first.
-- Fixed a less-than-benign bug in the unparsing of conditional expressions,
   where 'x ? y | (z ? w | v)' was being unparsed without the parentheses.
-- Fixed a bug whereby an extra checkpoint timer was created every time the
   '.dump' command was used.
-- Added printing the value of 'this' to error backtraces whenever it is
   different from the verb location.
-- Fixed bug in propagation of property ownership on object creation.
-- WARNING: I believe that there is a storage leak somewhere in the server.  If
            so, it is not very fast.  With any luck, I'll find it soon.  For
            safety's sake, check on the size of your server's address space
            and reboot the server every few days if it's getting large.

Version 1.2.0, 11 April 1991
-- Fixed bug in parser that made 'after' a reserved word; this was part of an
   old (and never completely implemented) alternative syntax for the 'fork'
   statement.
-- Added memory_usage() function, to help in tracking down any memory-leak
   bugs, among other things.
-- Removed ancient restrictions on players recycling themselves.
-- Changed recycle() so that children of recycled objects are not themselves
   recycled.  Instead, they are adopted by their former grandparent.
-- Fixed bugs in which errors are returned from move() in certain cases.
-- Removed useless error value E_BADMOVE.
-- Fixed bug in move() that allowed the enterfunc to be called even if the
   object being moved was no longer valid.
-- Changed several uses of E_INVIND to E_INVARG; E_INVIND is now only used when
   an attempt is made to fetch or store the value of a property or verb from an
   invalid object.
-- Changed several functions to improve consistency in the order in which
   certain kinds of errors are checked for.
-- Made the allocator keep track of statistics concerning memory usage by type
   of object being allocated.
-- Changed queued_tasks() to return the value of 'this' in each task as well.
   This new value is returned at the end of the sublist for each task, so old
   code should continue to work unless it depended upon the exact length of the
   sublists.
-- Changed set_task_perms() not to return E_PERM if the argument is the same as
   the current permissions of the verb (i.e., if the change in permissions
   would be a no-op).
-- Made tonum() and toobj() more robust in the face of extra spaces before or
   after tokens.

Version 1.3.0, 7 June 1991
-- Removed the now-useless `.help' and `.mem' commands, and all code concerning
   the also-removed CHECKMALLOC option.
-- Fixed allocation bug in inheritance of 'dobjstr' and its ilk, when the
   current value of the variable has the wrong type (e.g., 'dobjstr' is a list
   when another verb-call happens).
-- Fixed the timers implementation not to try to free storage inside an
   interrupt procedure.
-- Changed move() so that :accept is called even if it's a wizard doing the
   moving; of course, the wizards gets to do the move even if :accept returns
   false.
-- Added 'off/off of' as a new preposition.
-- Fixed the built-in parser to return #-1 ($nothing) for the empty string,
   rather than #-2 ($ambiguous_match).
-- Fixed a few bugs in how the allocator keeps track of types.
-- Fixed two memory leaks:
	 1) If you returned or aborted from inside an iteration over a list,
	    the list was never freed.
	 2) If you killed a task, its associated environment was never freed.
-- Added ticks_left() and seconds_left(), for determining how much longer the
   current task will be allowed to run.
-- Reduced the maximum number of seconds for each task from 60 to 15.
-- Removed restriction that the first argument to notify() and boot_player()
   must be a valid player object.
-- Removed the .shutdown and .dump commands.
-- Added shutdown() and dump_database() functions to replace their respective
   built-in commands.  The shutdown() function takes a single string argument
   that is printed to all players as their connections are closed.
-- Added output_delimiters() as a way to discover the current PREFIX and SUFFIX
   strings on a given connection.
-- Completely rewrote and modularized the network interface (now in
   bsd_network.c), the main loop, connection-management, and checkpointing code
   (now in server.c), and the task dispatcher (now in tasks.c).
-- Eliminated the notion of `clocks' associated with tasks.  All tasks,
   including forked tasks, begin execution with a full complement of ticks and
   seconds.  To make this reasonable, the task dispatcher maintains a separate
   queue per player, with command tasks and ready forked tasks intermingled.
   Thus, a malicious player who forks many tasks can only clog his own queue.
-- Eliminated the `command burst' heuristics from the dispatcher; this always
   seemed like just a patch for having a fair dispatcher anyway.
-- Added a timeout for closing idle un-logged-in connections.
-- Removed the QUIT command; the boot_player() function can now be used for
   that purpose.  boot_player() now does a normal disconnect, including running
   the disfuncs.  At the same time, I made it allow players to boot themselves.
-- Because clocks have been eliminated, the lists returned by queued_tasks()
   have changed somewhat, though in a mostly-compatible way.  The clock ID and
   clock ticks fields are both constant now, with the ticks equal to 20,000.
-- ****************** All processing of commands typed by un-logged-in players
   *** VITAL NOTE *** has been moved into the database.  Every un-logged-in
   ****************** connection is assigned a unique negative player number.
   The functions notify() and boot_player() can be used by wizards to send
   text to and to terminate such a connection, respectively, using that player
   number as the connection identifier.  Each line of input on such a
   connection is first parsed into words in the usual way and then these words
   are passed as the arguments to #0:do_login_command().  For example, the line
   	connect Munchkin frebblebit
   would result in the following call being made:
	#0:do_login_command("connect", "Munchkin", "frebblebit")
   If #0:do_login_command returns a valid player object, then the connection is
   considered to have logged into that player.  When the connection is first
   established, the null command is automatically entered, resulting in a call
   to #0:do_login_command with no arguments.  This signal can be used by the
   verb to print out a welcome message, for example; this service is no longer
   provided by the server.
      Because of this change, it will be **NECESSARY** to add an implementation
   of #0:do_login_command to your database *before* beginning to use version
   1.3.0 of the server.  The Minimal.db database and the version of the
   LambdaCore database released concurrently with 1.3.0 already provide such an
   implementation.  The following code can be used as a simple implementation
   that preserves most of the functionality of version 1.2.0:

	if (callers())
	  "This code should only be run as a server task.";
	  return;
	endif
	if (args == {})
	  args = {"help"};
	endif
	command = args[1];
	args = args[2..length(args)];
	nargs = length(args);
	if (command == "connect")
	  if (nargs < 1)
	    notify(player,
	           "Usage:  connect <existing-player-name> <password>");
	  else
	    name = args[1];
	    password = nargs >= 2 ? args[2] | "";
	    for p in (players())
	      if (p.name == name
	          && (typeof(p.password) != STR
		      || (length(p.password) >= 2
			  && crypt(password, p.password[1..2]) == p.password)))
		p.last_connect_time = time();
		return p;
	      endif
	    endfor
	    notify(player, "Unknown player or wrong password.");
	  endif
	elseif (command == "create")
	  if (nargs != 2)
	    notify(player, "Usage:  create <new-player-name> <new-password>");
	  else
	    name = args[1];
	    password = args[2];
	    for p in (players())
	      if (p.name == name)
		notify(player, "That player name is already in use.");
		return 0;
	      endif
	    endfor
	    new = create($player_class, $nothing);
	    set_player_flag(new, 1);
	    new.name = name;
	    new.aliases = {name};
	    new.programmer = $player_class.programmer;
	    new.password = crypt(password);
	    new.last_connect_time = time();
	    move(new, $player_start);
	    return new;
	  endif
	elseif (strcmp(command, "QUIT") == 0)
	  boot_player(player);
	else
	  msg = $welcome_message;
	  if (typeof(msg) != LIST)
	    msg = {msg};
	  endif
	  for line in (msg)
	    if (typeof(line) == STR)
	      notify(player, line);
	    endif
	  endfor
	endif
	return 0;

   Of course, the whole point of bringing this code into the database is to
   enable easy experimentation with new facilities for un-logged-in users, such
   as multiple Guest players, friendlier coping with similarly-named players,
   provision of a `who' command, etc.
-- The network interface now copes more nicely with running out of buffer
   space for output to a player.  Before, excess output was simply dropped on
   the floor; now, it instead attempts to push it out the network socket and
   only flushes output when that doesn't work.  I was able to have a single
   command send me over 60,000 characters of output without flushing any.
-- The PREFIX and SUFFIX strings are no longer printed either for the .program
   command or for any of the lines of program input.
-- Recycled players with active connections are more promptly noticed and their
   connections closed.
-- The numeric ID associated with forked tasks is now guaranteed to be the same
   as the value of task_id() in that task when it executes.
-- The create() function now invokes the :initialize verb on the newly-created
   object before returning it.  It is not an error if there is no :initialize
   verb defined on the object.
-- Changed listinsert() and listappend() never to generate E_RANGE errors.
   Instead, the following expressions are now always equivalent:
	listinsert(list, element, index)
	listappend(list, element, index - 1)
	{@list[1..index - 1], element, @list[index..length(list)]}
-- Changed the matching algorithm for verb names so that the old behavior of
   `*' matching anything is generalized to `foo*' matching anything beginning
   with `foo'.
-- Changed eval() and set_verb_code() to require programmer permissions.
-- Added a timezone abbreviation onto the end of ctime()'s result.
-- Added min(), max(), and abs() functions.
-- The messages printed for running out of ticks and for running out of seconds
   are now disinguishable.

Version 1.4.0, 22 August 1991
-- Fixed a bug whereby running out of seconds might be misreported as running
   out of ticks.
-- Fixed a bug whereby using `@' on a non-list in a verb's argument list could
   end up passing E_TYPE as the value of `args'.
-- Fixed parsing bug that would ignore an extraneous comma at the front of an
   argument list.
-- Changed random() to raise E_INVARG on non-positive numerical arguments,
   rather than E_TYPE.
-- Fixed bug in handling of the case where a verb disappears between a
   `.program' and the corresponding `.'.
-- Made it a type error to use <, <=, >, or >= either on operands of different
   types or on lists.
-- Completely rewrote the MOO-code parser, unparser, and interpreter using a
   new program representation based on vectors of bytecodes instead of abstract
   syntax trees.  This saves space and time and also allows the interpreter to
   be iterative instead of recursive.  This, in turn, allows us to implement
   various operations that involve saving the entire state of a running task
   for later resumption.
-- Added read() and suspend() functions, using the new capabilities of the
   interpreter.
-- The new interpreter counts a few more ticks than the old one; in particular,
   every IF, ELSEIF, and FORK now counts a tick.  In view of this, and in view
   of the improved performance of the interpreter, the ticks limit for tasks
   has been increased from 20,000 to 30,000.
-- Added an indexed assignment statement for updating lists stored in variables
   and properties.
-- Fixed bug in numeric comparisons where `-2147483647 > 1' was false but
   `-2147483647 > 2' was true.
-- Fixed database dumping to detect and recover from filesystem errors.  For
   normal periodic checkpoints, the dump attempt is simply abandoned.  For
   panic and shutdown dumps, the server retries the dump from the beginning
   after waiting 60 seconds (during which time, presumably, the archwizard will
   fix whatever the problem was).  In all cases, explanatory messages are
   printed in the log.  This should help mitigate the problems that arise when
   there's no more room left on the filesystem on which the server is dumping.
-- Enhanced the callers() function to return the verb-location and initial
   value of `player' for each caller.

Version 1.4.5, 20 September 1991
-- Made unparser failures panic the server rather than try to press on.
-- Changed the task scheduler in two important ways:
	1) Effectively gave each player's input tasks a higher priority than
	   their forked or suspended tasks.  This should both improve
	   interactive response and make it possible for users to recover from
	   accidentally forking off many tasks; they can now run commands to
	   kill those tasks and avoid having those commands wait behind all of
	   the forked tasks.
	2) The scheduler no longer uses a strictly round-robin algorithm for
	   choosing which player's task to run next.  Instead, it keeps track
	   of how many seconds have been consumed by each player's tasks and
	   runs the next task from the queue with the least total `usage'.
	   Fresh queues and those queues that are empty when it becomes their
	   turn to run again are kept apart from non-empty queues.  When an
	   empty queue next gets a task to run, its usage is set equal to the
	   least usage of already-non-empty queues.  Thus, such queues go to
	   the head of the list but have no advantage over the queues that were
	   never empty.  This more complex scheduling scheme is intended to
	   ameliorate the problems with some players having long-running tasks
	   constantly runnable in the background; such players will now get
	   only their fair share of the server.
-- Fixed queued_tasks() to list the player being read from as the owner of a
   reading task.  This makes it consistent with kill_task(), which only allows
   that player to kill such a task.
-- Fixed a bug with my use of signal() on some POSIX-compliant machines.  One
   possible consequence of the bug (actually manifest on the IRIS) is that all
   checkpointing processes after the first one will never be waited for,
   leaving `defunct' processes lying around until the server itself terminates.
-- Fixed a small bug in my use of ANSI C: the `typedef enum Opcode Opcode;'
   line in opcode.h must come *after* the definition of `enum Opcode'; unlike
   struct types, enum types may not be forwardly referenced.  Thanks to yduJ
   and the Lucid C compiler for finding this bug.
-- Fixed a bug in the line-number-finding code; this bug was identical to one
   we fixed long ago in the unparser.  Since the LNF code is *derived* from the
   unparsing code, this is unsurprising.  What's embarassing is that we forgot
   to fix the LNF code at the same time...

Version 1.5.0, 3 November 1991
-- Added connection_name(player) to allow wizards some level of reasonable
   control over whom they allow to connect to their servers.
-- Changed read() to accept an optional argument, player, specifying the player
   from whose connection to read.  If this argument is given, the check that
   the current task is an input task is not done.  The only good use for this
   that I'm aware of is in conjunction with the next change...
-- The new compilation option OUTBOUND_NETWORK enables a new built-in function
   called open_network_connection().  The arguments are specific to the network
   module in use, but the intent is that they somehow specify a remote place to
   which a network connection can be made.  For the default, BSD networking
   module, there are two arguments, a host-name string and a port number.  The
   function creates a connection to that place, if possible, and tricks the
   rest of the server into believing that a normal connection just came from
   that place.  Open_network_connection() returns the negative object number
   that is the pseudo-player object for that connection.  One can then use
   read() and notify() to send and receive lines of ASCII text on that
   connection.  Of course, if the server should ever receive a line of input
   when there's no task read()ing from the connection, that input will be
   treated as a command in the usual way.  Also, unless the connection `logs
   in' at some point, the usual five-minute timeout-if-no-input-received
   connection shutdown will take place.  The usual practice is to have the same
   task that opens the connection go into an infinite loop read()ing from it.
   As usual, boot_player() can be used to shut down the connection.  This
   function can only be called by wizards, of course.  If the OUTBOUND_NETWORK
   option is not used, then open_network_connection() still exists, but always
   raises E_PERM.
-- Changed the bsd_network module to map tab to space on input, rather than
   simply dropping tabs on the floor.

Version 1.5.1, 12 November 1991
-- Fixed bug in checkpointing whereby the server's command log was flushed even
   if the checkpoint failed.
-- Various minor tweaks to make the server work on an IBM RS/6000.

Version 1.5.9, 6 December 1991
-- Gave different ticks/seconds limits to non-input tasks. They get only 15,000
   ticks and 5 seconds.
-- The task seconds limit is now measured in server CPU seconds (as opposed to
   wall-clock seconds) on systems that can support it.
-- Adding some simple object-hierarchy checking and (in very simple cases)
   repair code to the DB reading process.  If unfixable errors are found, the
   server refuses to run.
-- Fixed minor inconsistency in the log format.
-- Fixed a few minor memory leaks.
-- Fixed a bug whereby the bottom frame of a suspended task that was read from
   the database file could be given the wrong size runtime value stack.
-- Made the DB-reading code a bit pickier about the correctness of its input.
-- Tweaked create() to make it more properly initialize the new object's
   location and contents.
-- Fixed bug in move() that could be tickled if an `accept' verb recycled
   either the movee or the destination.
-- Fixed several bugs in recycle() that could (and did!) corrupt the contents
   hierarchy in the database.  The implementation is now much simpler, too!

Version 1.5.14, 3 March 1992
-- Various minor tweaks to make the server work on a Macintosh running A/UX.
-- Tweak to work around bug in isgraph() on systems that default to signed
   characters.
-- Fixed bug in boot_player() that didn't allow players to boot themselves.
   [I know it says under release 1.3.0 above that boot_players() already worked
   this way, but as far as I can see, that was a lie!]
-- Fixed bsd_network startup sequence so that the server does not `listen' on
   its port until after the DB has been read.  Connections during the
   DB-reading phase will most likely time out.  I think this is better than the
   old situation, in which those connections succeeded and then hung without
   printing anything until the server finished reading in the DB.
-- Changed behavior of server when there aren't enough file descriptors to
   accept a new connection.  The server now arranges to stop just short of this
   point and to immediately close any new connections after printing an
   explanatory message.
-- Fixed properties(), verbs(), x.contents, and queued_tasks() to run in time
   linear in the length of their results, rather than quadratic.

Version 1.5.20, 24 July 1992
-- Added check for an empty string as the second argument to strsub(); this now
   raises E_INVARG.
-- Conditionalized the keeping of the command log; it is now controlled by the
   LOG_COMMANDS symbol.
-- Removed a number of causes for GCC 2.1 to issue warnings about server code.
   (Version 1.5.15)
-- Fixed an ordering bug whereby the task queue for a newly-connected player
   was not fully initialized when the :confunc task(s) were run.  In
   particular, the new, connected queue was not marked as belonging to that
   player, and certain functions like output_delimiters() would always fail
   (not that that's a very interesting function to call in a :confunc, since
   it's guaranteed to return {"", ""} then...).  (Version 1.5.16)
-- Finally fixed the bug whereby it was possible to use chparent() to create a
   situation in which an object defines a property with the same name as one
   defined by one of its ancestors.  Such an attempt now results in chparent()
   raising E_INVARG.  (Version 1.5.17)
-- Finally fixed the bug whereby add_property() allowed the definition of a
   property in a parent that was already defined in a child.  With this change,
   it should no longer be possible to create a situation in which a parent and
   child define properties with the same name.  (Version 1.5.18)
-- Eliminated some minor warnings from the Dell SVR4 and HP/UX 9000 compilers.
   (Version 1.5.19)
-- Added logging of all instances of x.wizard = 1.
-- The very first task run on booting the server is now a server task calling
   #0:server_started() with player == #-1.  This task runs even before the
   server gets the value of $dump_interval in order to schedule the first
   checkpoint.  (Version 1.5.20)

Version 1.6.0, 13 August 1992
-- Changed MOO-code parser to generate the old version 1.3 program-
   representation based on abstract syntax trees.  These syntax trees are then
   translated to vectors of bytecodes.  This is much cleaner and easier to
   understand than the old method; perhaps surprisingly, it also appears to be
   significantly faster, too.  (Version 1.5.21)
-- Added support for compilation on MIPS SVR3 machines.
-- Added support for a remote `checkpoint-request' signal (SIGUSR2), analogous
   to the existing `shutdown-request' signal (SIGUSR1).
-- Changed unparser to first convert bytecodes to trees and then use output
   routines from version 1.3 of the server.  Same for line numbers.
-- Error tracebacks now include line numbers for all frames on stack.
   (Version 1.5.24)
-- Cleaned up interpreter code.
-- Added sqrt() and server_log() built in functions (Version 1.5.25)
-- All built-in function registration procedures are now located in one list,
   so it is easier to add new ones.
-- Added match(), rmatch(), and substitute() built-in functions to handle
   regular expression searches. (Version 1.6.0)

Version 1.6.1, 14 August 1992
-- Fixed off-by-one bug in GNU regexp searching code.  (*sigh*)

Version 1.7.0, 23 October 1992
-- Fixed behavior of index(), rindex(), match(), and rmatch() on empty pattern
   and/or subject strings. (Version 1.6.3)
-- Added the prefix `> ' to all log messages generated by the server_log()
   built-in function, so that they can be distinguished from server-generated
   messages.
-- Added a compile-time option (OUT_OF_BAND_PREFIX) enabling a method of
   entering commands that bypass both normal command parsing and any pending
   read()ing task.  If OUT_OF_BAND_PREFIX is #define'd (in config.h) as a
   non-empty string, then any lines of player input that begin with that prefix
   will be parsed into a list of words and those words passed as arguments in a
   server task invoking #0:do_out_of_band_command.  This is intended for use by
   fancy MOO clients that need to send reliably-understood messages to the
   server, such as window-event notifications.
-- Added output to the `.program' built-in command, stating that it is obsolete
   and will be replaced `soon' (i.e., in the next release).
-- Rearranged the per-system configuration procedure for compiling the server;
   now it should be easier for people to understand just what needs to be done
   for their particular system.  The user changes in the Makefile are now
   confined to specfying details of the compiler; all other kinds of options
   are handled by editing the `config.h' file, which has been radically
   reorganized.
-- Renamed a few files (notably parse_command.[ch]) to fit within the
   14-character limit imposed on certain systems.  (Version 1.6.4)
-- Implemented reference counting on string and list values, replacing the old,
   CPU-intensive deep copying method of storage management.
-- Added subrange assignment for strings and lists.  Added indexed assignment
   for strings.  (Version 1.6.5)
-- Fixed bug whereby a read()ing task with no more input to consume was never
   resumed if the connection being read was subsequently closed, from either
   side.  Now the read() call raises E_INVARG, just as it would if the read()
   were begun when the connection was already closed and no more input was left
   to consume.
-- Added TYPE_CLEAR value to properties, which cause property lookup on the
   parent.  Added built in functions `clear_property()' and
   `is_clear_property()' to assist in TYPE_CLEAR property manipulation.
-- Added hash-lookup for properties and changed property definition
   representation to be arrays instead of linked-lists, both to speed up
   property lookup. (1.6.6)
-- Added support for multiple complete networking implementations.  The first
   use of this flexibility is a new SINGLE_USER option, which creates a version
   of the server that accepts only one connection at a time and uses the
   server's own standard input and output streams for it.
-- Added a new built-in property on objects, the `f' (for `fertile') bit; it
   replaces the use of the `r' bit to allow children to be made of the object
   by either create() or chparent().  That is, now those operations check that
   the `f' bit is set and disregard the setting of the `r' bit. (Version 1.6.7)
   ******** Before upgrading an existing MOO to use this version of the server,
   * NOTE * you should make sure that no object in your database already has a
   ******** property named `f'; the following MOO program, run by a wizard,
   will perform this check:
		for i in [0..tonum(max_object())]
		  o = toobj(i);
		  if (ticks_left() < 1000 || seconds_left() < 2)
		    notify(player, tostr("Checking ", o, " ..."));
		    suspend(0);
		  endif
		  if (valid(o) && "f" in properties(o))
		    notify(player, tostr("*** ", o.name, " (", o,
				         ") has an `f' property!"));
		  endif
		endfor
   After eliminating all such properties from the database and restarting with
   this version of the server, you should, as a wizard, run the following MOO
   code to initialize the `f' bits of all of the objects:
		for i in [0..tonum(max_object())]
		  o = toobj(i);
		  if (ticks_left() < 1000 || seconds_left() < 2)
		    notify(player, tostr("Fixing ", o, ".f ..."));
		    suspend(0);
		  endif
		  if (valid(o))
		    o.f = o.r;
		  endif
		endfor
-- Reorganized the files so that all database modifying procedures were in one
   of four modules. (Version 1.6.8)
-- Reorganized existing network protocol and multiplexing wait implementations
   into a pluggable modular form. (Version 1.6.9)
-- Fixed bug in the interpreter that could pass a garbage program counter to
   the line-number-finding code, used in printing error tracebacks.  The l-n-f
   code responded semi-robustly by printing a message in the server log and
   returning a line number of zero. (Version 1.6.10)
-- Fixed bug whereby passing negative numbers to random() failed to evoke an
   E_INVARG error.
-- Fixed a bug in MOO-code compilation that led to real nastiness if there were
   more than 255 literals in a single verb.
-- Incorporated several new networking implementations, allowing for use by a
   single-user (using the standard input and output streams of the server
   itself), and by multiple users on either System V or BSD-style UNIX systems,
   either with or without TCP/IP networking.  (Version 1.6.11)
-- Fixed a bug in built-in function management that caused max() and min() to
   always raise E_TYPE on some systems.
-- Added a new automatic configuration system to the server distribution, so
   that people do not, in general, need to know much of anything about their
   local system in order to compile the server.  (Version 1.6.12)
-- Fixed a misfeature of substitute whereby it was not possible to include a
   percent-sign in the string that was to survive into the output.  Now, `%%'
   is replaced by `%' in the output.  (Version 1.7.0)

Version 1.7.2, 3 August 1993
-- Made tabs input as themselves, rather than being mapped to spaces.  This is
   necessary in order to communicate with Gopher servers from within the MOO.
-- Reduced the default `seconds-left' limit for task; forground tasks went from
   15 to 5 seconds and background tasks from 5 to 3.
-- Fixed regular-expression matching to respect task seconds limits, aborting
   the match.
-- Fixed bugs whereby both kill_task() and queued_tasks() would miss reading
   tasks that had no ready input (i.e., whose associated task queues were
   empty).
-- Fixed memory leak when a read() call fails with E_INVARG; the copied
   interpreter stack was never being freed.
-- Fixed possible free of the null pointer during object recycling.
-- Fixed a number of places that generated warnings in newer versions of GCC.
-- Fixed inconsistency of the behavior of strcmp() between different server
   machines; now it always returns one of 1, 0, or -1.
-- Added a five-second timeout to outbound connection attempts, aborting them
   if the timer expires.
-- Made the error message to users about network buffers overflowing and lines
   of output being flushed much more understandable.
-- Added log entry for each time the server refuses a connection due to being
   full.
-- Fixed premature-free bug in preposition matching.
-- Bowing to popular pressure, removed warning from `.program' command about
   its (no longer) imminent demise.
-- Added more error checks to options.h to make it easier for installers to
   diagnose problems.
-- Fixed a bunch of auto-configuration problems encountered by installers.
-- Fixed a bug in substitute() where certain successful match() results were
   rejected as invalid.
-- Removed restrictions that only player objects could be used in place of `x'
   in the following:
	object.owner = x
	add_property(object, pname, value, {x, perms})
	set_property_info(object, pname, {x, perms})
	add_verb(object, {x, perms, names}, args)
	set_verb_info(object, vname, {x, perms, names})
	set_task_perms(x)
   That is, non-players may now own objects, verbs, and properties, and running
   tasks may take on the authority of a non-player.
-- Fixed bug where it was possible for a task to run out of seconds during a
   call to set_verb_code() and have a truncated version of the program
   installed as the new verb code.  Now, either all of it gets installed or
   none of it.
-- The log messages produced by successful open_network_connection() calls are
   more useful now, containing the hostname and port of the connection.
-- Outbound network connections are no longer susceptible to connection
   timeouts due to a lack of input.
-- Fixed a bug whereby verbs with numeric names screwed up DB loading, with the
   wrong code getting put into some verbs and others getting no code at all.

Version 1.7.3, 4 August 1993
-- Outbound connections no longer get a spurious blank line of input as soon as
   they're created.
-- Fixed stupid bug introduced in fixing bug in substitute().
-- Fixed some bugs in the Makefile and the configuration script.

Version 1.7.4, 10 August 1993
-- Fixed more configuration problems and warnings from GCC.

Version 1.7.5, 12 August 1993
-- Added more log entries during loading, to make it clearer where the time is
   being spent.
-- Fixed a long-standing denial-of-service attack vulnerability, in which a
   connection could keep the server from ever running any tasks at all by
   *always* providing ready input.

Version 1.7.6, 11 October 1993
-- The built-in command parser now matches the (in)direct object string against
   the names of objects as well as their aliases.
-- The server no longer calls :confunc or :disfunc directly when users connect
   or disconnect; instead, it calls the following verbs on #0 in the
   appropriate circumstances:
	:user_created(USER)
		When #0:do_login_command() returns USER, a valid player object
		whose number is greater than the value max_object() returned
		before the server called #0:do_login_command().  That is, when
		a new user has been created.
	:user_connected(USER)
		When #0:do_login_command() returns USER, a previously-existing
		valid player object for which no active connection already
		existed.
	:user_reconnected(USER)
		When #0:do_login_command() returns USER, a previously-existing
		valid player object for which there was already an active
		connection.
	:user_disconnected(USER)
		After the end of a task that called either boot_player(USER) or
		set_player_flag(USER, 0).
	:user_client_disconnected(USER)
		When USER's client unilaterally closes its connection to the
		server.
   ******** Before upgrading an existing MOO to use this version of the server,
   * NOTE * you should install the following verbs on #0 in order to remain
   ******** compatible with existing code; NOTE WELL that they should be
   installed with the `d' permissions bit UNSET:
	#0:"user_created user_connected"
   		user = args[1];
		fork (0)
		  user:confunc();
		endfork
		user.location:confunc(user);
	#0:"user_disconnected user_client_disconnected"
   		user = args[1];
		fork (0)
		  user.location:disfunc(user);
		endfork
		user:disfunc();
-- Non-wizard users can now use the read() built-in function when they give a
   connected object they own as an argument.  Thus, it is possible, for
   example, for a non-wizard to prompt itself for input.
-- The match() and rmatch() built-in functions now cache some number of the
   most recently used patterns, somewhat speeding up the matching process.
-- The server now calls #0:checkpoint_started() whenever it starts to dump a
   checkpoint of the database and #0:checkpoint_finished(SUCCESS) whenever the
   dump finishes, where SUCCESS is true iff and only if the checkpoint was
   successful.
-- Fixed a bug (!) in the built-in command parser whereby in the command
	="This is in quotes" and this is not
   the variable `verb' would correctly be set to "=This is in quotes" but the
   variable `argstr' would be "is in quotes\" and this is not" instead of the
   correct "and this is not".  (Reported by Shirgall.)
-- Fixed some compilation problems with the SYSV/TCP configuration on Solaris
   machines.
-- The value of `argstr' when the server calls either #0:do_login_command() or
   #0:do_out_of_band_command() is now the raw command line as received from the
   connection, as opposed to the empty string.

Version 1.7.7, 20 December 1993
-- Added some extra configuration tests and other changes to work around bugs
   in HP/UX.
-- Fixed an output-timing bug in calling the #0:checkpoint_started() hook.
-- Fixed bug in the SYSV/LOCAL client whereby some output from the server could
   be lost, never being printed.
-- Added the server FIFO file name to an error message in the SYSV/LOCAL
   configuration.
-- Added the first rudimentary support for in-DB command parsing.  Each user
   command is broken up into words, a list of which is passed as the arguments
   in a call to #0:do_command(), if it exists, with `argstr' initialized to the
   raw command line typed by the user.  If #0:do_command() does not exist, or
   if that verb-call completes normally (i.e., without suspending or aborting)
   and returns a false value, then the built-in command parser is invoked as
   usual to handle the command.  Otherwise, it is assumed that the DB code
   handled the command completely and no further action is taken by the server
   for that command.

Version 1.7.8, 30 September 1994
-- Many serious bugs in the MOO-code compiler (some server-crashing) were fixed
   by rewriting the code-generator portion from scratch.  This should fix the
   problems some folks have had with panics due to `Unparse failed!'.
-- As a side-effect of the support I wrote for debugging the new code
   generator, there is a new built-in function, disassemble(OBJ, VERB), which
   returns a (longish) list of strings giving the `assembly-language' listing
   for the compiled code of the verb VERB on the object OBJ.  The permissions
   checks are the same as for verb_code(OBJ, VERB).  I don't make any promises
   about how that output might change in later releases and I probably won't be
   writing any detailed documentation of the opcode set, etc.  Think of it as a
   little puzzle gift, from me to you... :-)
-- Added a number of new configuration tests, especially to aid compilation on
   the DEC Alpha running OSF/1 and any machine running NeXT Mach 3.1.
-- The checkpoint process now changes how its command line shows up in the
   output of the `ps' command (on systems where that's possible), to make it
   clear what process it is.
-- Added the first stages of a general new facility for customizing the
   operation of the server dynamically, from inside the database.  At a number
   of times, the server checks for whether the property $server_options exists
   and has an object number as its value.  If so, then the server looks for a
   variety of other properties on that $server_options object and, if they
   exist, uses their values to control how the server operates.  There are only
   a couple of uses of this facility in 1.7.8; many more are expected in the
   future.
-- As the first use of the above facility, the server uses the value of
   $server_options.fg_ticks and $server_options.fg_seconds (if they exist and
   are numbers) as the numbers of ticks and seconds allotted to command tasks
   and server tasks; the values of DEFAULT_FG_TICKS and DEFAULT_FG_SECONDS in
   options.h are used if the corresponding properties either don't exist or are
   not numbers.  Similarly, the values of $server_options.bg_ticks and
   $server_options.bg_seconds are used for forked tasks and suspended tasks,
   falling back on DEFAULT_BG_TICKS and DEFAULT_BG_SECONDS.  These properties
   are looked up anew every time a task begins or resumes execution.
-- As the second use of the $server_options facility, on every call to a
   built-in function `foo()', if the property $server_options.protect_foo
   exists and is true, and the programmer is not a wizard, then E_PERM is
   raised.  Thus, for example, to make the `chparent()' function wiz-only,
   simply set $server_options.protect_chparent to 1.
-- Fixed a bug in the MOO-code unparser where any use of a string naming a MOO
   keyword as a property or verb name would be unparsed in such a way as to
   make the resulting code syntactically incorrect.  Thus, for example, the
   expression
	x.("while")
   now unparses into the same code, instead of into
	x.while
   which won't parse properly.
-- The server now uses a pair of additional (smallish) UNIX processes to
   perform all network host-name lookups.  Under the new system, it can
   reliably abort stalled lookups without causing problems; in particular, this
   provides the real fix for the long-standing `VM exhausted' problem on NeXT
   machines.
-- A few small storage leaks were fixed.
-- A number of new progress-report log messages were added to the DB loading
   process.

Version 1.7.8p1, 3 October 1994
-- Fixed a file-descriptor leak in the new name-lookup code; if the server has
   enough name-lookup timeouts, killing the name-lookup worker process over and
   over, then the name-lookup intermediary will eventually run out of file
   descriptors and fail, shutting down name-lookup services until the server is
   rebooted.
-- Fixed a minor portability problem in the new code generator; believe it or
   not, there are still C compiler's out there (on Ultrix, for example) that
   don't implement initializers for locally-declared structures...
-- Fixed a bug in disassemble() whereby it couldn't find !x verbs.

Version 1.7.8p2, 6 October 1994
-- Fixed another little bug in disassemble(), whereby it could crash the server
   if you try to disassemble an unprogrammed verb.
-- Added a hard minimum of 100 ticks and 1 second for all tasks, to prevent
   disaster when somewiz somewhere blows the values of $server_options.fg_ticks
   and company.
-- Fixed a bug whereby the new name-lookup code would fail to recognize even
   dotted-decimal numeric addresses once the intermediary was presumed dead.
-- Fixed a null-pointer free in the disassembler that was crashing servers that
   were using the GNU malloc() implementation.
-- Added Craig Horman's patch to the regex.c code for the Alpha, which avoids
   occasional random failures of the matching code.  I don't know why it took
   me so long to apply this...

Version 1.7.8p3, 19 October 1994
-- Fixed a typo in the "hard minimum" code added in 1.7.8p2; the minimum
   seconds allocation is now really 1, not 2...
-- Fixed a bug in the disassembler wherein it could produce garbage or even
   possibly crash the server if the C compiler decided to evaluate certain sets
   of function arguments in other than left-to-right order.
-- Fixed a bug in is_clear_property() that could attempt to access an
   uninitialized variable.  (Thanks to Quowong P Liu for pointing out this and
   others of the bugs fixed in the various 1.7.8 patch releases.)
-- Fixed a bug whereby the server was, on some systems, always susceptible to
   being shut down prematurely by the `hangup' signal.  Now, the `restart'
   script uses `nohup' and the server continues to ignore SIGHUP if it was
   started ignoring it (i.e., by `nohup').
-- Fixed MOO-level tracebacks to include lines for built-in functions that call
   verbs, such as eval(), move(), etc.
-- Added MOO-level traceback printing for all server panics that happen during
   the execution of a MOO task.

Version 1.7.8p4, 2 November 1994
-- Fixed minor memory leak in disassemble().
-- Fixed bug whereby verb_info() and friends allowed an argument of "" to
   always match the first verb on an object.
-- Fixed bug whereby MOO keywords (e.g., `if', `E_PERM', `return', etc.) were
   case-sensitive.
-- Fixed (I hope...) the 32-bit assumptions that break on the (64-bit) Alpha.

Version 1.7.9alpha1, 25 September 1995
-- Fixed a few minor configuration and portability problems.
-- Fixed a potentially server-crashing bug in subrange assignments.
-- Renamed the internal server function `log()', to avoid name conflicts with
   the logarithm function in the math library.
-- Changed the name-lookup subsystem to be more optimistic about the chances of
   eventually recovering from an earlier failure to restart the lookup process.
   Also bullet-proofed it against problems with its read() calls getting
   interrupted by the checkpoint timer.
-- Added a paragraph to `README' explaining how to boost the limit on the
   number of connections a server can support.
-- Added two new built-in functions enabling faster case-sensitive tests:
	equal(X, Y) returns true iff the values X and Y are completely equal,
          including the case of any strings they might contain; this is just
	  a case-sensitive version of the `==' expression.
	is_member(X, L) is a similarly case-sensitive version of `X in L'.
-- Made the `.program' built-in command wiz-only if
   $server_options.protect_set_verb_code exists and is true.
-- Added the built-in function `set_connection_option(CONN, OPTION, VALUE)',
   for controlling various optional behaviors on the connection CONN.  The only
   allowed values for OPTION in this release are as follows:
	"hold-input" -- if VALUE is true, then input received on CONN will
	    never be treated as a command; instead, it will remain in the queue
	    until retrieved by a call to read().
	"client-echo" -- (NP_TCP configurations only) sends the Telnet Protocol
	    WON'T ECHO or WILL ECHO commands (depending on whether VALUE is
	    true or false, respectively).  For clients that support the Telnet
	    Protocol, this should toggle whether or not the client echoes
	    locally the characters typed by the user.  Note that the server
	    never echoes input characters under any circumstances.
-- Fixed stupid bug that let people lose by setting $server_options.fg_ticks
   and company to negative values.
-- Added an optional second argument to the `read()' built-in function.  If it
   is provided and true, then this call to `read()' will not suspend the
   calling task under any circumstances.  If there is input currently
   available, it will be returned immediately; otherwise, `read()' returns 0.
   (As before, if no input is available and no more is coming, `read()' raises
   E_INVARG as an end-of-input indicator.)
-- Added flow-control to the server's input-handling: if more than a reasonable
   amount of unprocessed input accumulates for any connection, the server will
   temporarily stop trying to read from that connection at all, until the
   backlog drops down substantially.
-- Fixed a longstanding bug in match() that could make it return garbage in
   certain circumstances.  More bugs in match() almost certainly still exist.
   (Thanks to Judy Anderson for finding this.)
-- Fixed a minor memory leak in the case where #0:do_command() exists and
   returns a list or string value.  (Thanks to Ian Macintosh for finding this.)
-- Fixed a possible race condition in the TCP networking code, where a timer
   could go off before we've installed the exception handler.  (Thanks to Alex
   Stewart for finding this.)
-- Officially deprecated the USE_GNU_MALLOC option in options.h, since it's not
   aging very well.
-- Completely replaced the regular-expression matching implementation that
   underlies match() and rmatch(); it used to be the GNU `regex' package and is
   now the GNU `RX' package shipped with GNU `sed'.  This may not eliminate all
   bugs in match(), but it almost certainly has moved them around a bit.
   ********** The old GNU regex package had a bug in its handling of certain
   ** NOTE ** patterns with parentheses in them, and it is reasonably likely
   ********** that many MOO programmers have, perhaps unconsciously, come to
   depend upon this buggy behavior.  Unfortunately for such programmers, RX
   does not have this bug, so you will want to fix your regular expressions
   before upgrading to this release; the fixed patterns will work correctly on
   both releases.
     The old bug concerns patterns of the form `%( ... %)*', that is, a starred
   parenthesized sub-pattern; for example, consider the MOO expression
	match("foo", "%(o%)*")
   Using the old regex package, this returns
	{2, 3, {{2, 3}, {0, -1}, ...}, "foo"}
   which is *wrong*; the last successful match of the parenthesized sub-pattern
   covered just the third character, not the second and third ones.  Using the
   new RX package, this expression returns the proper value:
	{2, 3, {{3, 3}, {0, -1}, ...}, "foo"}
   To get the effect of the old bug, you need another set of parentheses around
   the whole starred sub-pattern:
	match("foo", "%(%(o%)*%)")
   Under both GNU regex and RX, if M is the result of this expression, we have
	M[3][1] == {2, 3}
   You should look carefully at your uses of match() and rmatch() before
   upgrading to this release, fixing those places where your code depends on
   the old, buggy behavior.
-- Added an optional third argument to the built-in function notify(); if it is
   provided and true, and if there isn't enough room left in the given user's
   output buffer to hold the given line, then notify() will return false and
   the line will not have been queued for output.  In all other circumstances,
   notify() now returns true.  If the new optional argument is false or not
   provided, then the old behavior is invoked, in which some of the
   already-queued output is discarded to make room for the new line.
-- Made it possible to change the maximum verb-call depth from inside the DB.
   The MAX_VERB_DEPTH constant in options.h was replaced by
   DEFAULT_MAX_STACK_DEPTH, which can be overridden by
   $server_options.max_stack_depth.  The maximum stack depth for any task is
   set at the time that task is created and cannot be changed thereafter.  This
   implies that suspended tasks, even after being saved in and restored from
   the DB, are not affected by later changes to
   $server_options.max_stack_depth.
-- The task scheduler is now guaranteed never to assign a task_id() of zero.
-- The built-in functions notify(), connected_players(), connected_seconds(),
   idle_seconds(), connection_name(), and set_connection_option() now treat
   connections on which boot_player() has been called as if they did not exist.
-- A number of the messages printed to a connection by the server under various
   circumstances can now be customized or eliminated from within the DB.  In
   each case, a property on $server_options is checked at the time the message
   would be printed.  If the property does not exist, the standard message is
   printed.  If the property exists and its value is not a string, then no
   message is printed at all.  Otherwise, the string is printed in place of the
   standard message.  The following list covers all of the newly customizable
   messages, showing for each the name of the relevant property on
   $server_options, the default/standard message, and the circumstances under
   which the message is printed:
	timeout_msg	      "*** Timed-out waiting for login. ***"
		This in-bound network connection was idle and un-logged-in for
		at least CONNECT_TIMEOUT seconds (as defined in options.h).
	recycle_msg	      "*** Recycled ***"
		The logged-in user of this connection has been recycled.
	boot_msg	      "*** Disconnected ***"
		The function boot_player() was called on this connection.
	redirect_from_msg     "*** Redirecting connection to new port ***"
		The logged-in user of this connection has just logged in on
		some other connection.
	redirect_to_msg	      "*** Redirecting old connection to this port ***"
		The user who just logged in on this connection was already
		logged in on some other connection.
	create_msg	      "*** Created ***"
		The user object that just logged in on this connection did not
		exist before #0:do_login_command() was called.
	connect_msg	      "*** Connected ***"
		The user object that just logged in on this connection existed
		before #0:do_login_command() was called.
-- The `for VAR in [EXPR..EXPR]' looping construct can now be used with either
   numbers or object numbers.  That is, the construct `for o in [#0..#100]' is
   now legal and does the obvious thing.  NOTE that in the example `o' will
   take on each of 101 object numbers in the specified range, regardless of
   whether or not those object numbers are valid.
-- By popular request, added the built-in function `value_bytes(VALUE)', which
   returns the number of bytes of memory required to store the given value.  [I
   was also asked to provide an `object_bytes(OBJ)' function, to give the total
   memory required to store the given valid object, but I wanted to think
   longer about possible interactions with 1.8.0's new modularity wall between
   the DB implementation and the rest of the server.]
-- At long last, there is a DB-settable limit on the number of queued tasks any
   single user can have at once.  If $server_utils.user_task_limit exists and
   is a non-negative number, then that is the `task limit' for normal users;
   otherwise, the task limit is infinite.  For wizards, the task limit is
   controlled similarly by $server_utils.wizard_task_limit.  Whenever a `fork'
   statement or `suspend()' call are executed, the server checks whether or not
   the current verb's owner (really, the current task perms) is already at or
   above their task limit; if so, E_QUOTA is raised instead of either forking
   or suspending.  Reading tasks are not affected by the task limit.
-- The result of `tostr(E_QUOTA)' has been changed to the string
   "Resource limit exceeded".
-- Applied Alex Stewart's pAS4 patch, which modifies the result of the
   built-in function `connection_name()' on TCP networking configurations to
   contain the remote port of the connection as well as the host name, in the
   following format:
		"99 from FOO.BAR.COM, port 9999"
   As before, the first number in the result is pretty useless to MOO
   programmers (it's the server's file descriptor for the connection) but can,
   believe it or not, occasionally be useful to the maintainer.
   ******** Before upgrading an existing MOO to use this version of the server,
   * NOTE * you should modify the verb $string_utils:connection_hostname_bsd as
   ******** follows:
		@chmod $string_utils:connection_hostname_bsd -d
		@program $string_utils:connection_hostname_bsd
		s = args[1];
		return strsub($string_utils:explode(s)[3], ",", "") || "";
		.
   This code should work compatibly with either version of the server.
-- Applied the key part of Alex Stewart's pAS7 patch, which fixes a problem
   with the server occasionally hanging under Sun's Solaris 2.X system.  [I
   just removed the (useless) call to `shutdown()'; the SO_LINGER setting
   didn't seem necessary or very useful.]
-- Added a new item to options.h, UNFORKED_CHECKPOINTS (off by default), that
   prevents the server from forking a separate process to make checkpoints;
   instead, the main server process performs the checkpoints itself, halting
   all user interaction and MOO task execution for the duration.
-- Made the server's log output during the initial database load *slightly*
   easier to understand.
-- Removed perhaps the last hard limit in the server; you can now have input
   lines with more than 500 words on them.  (Thanks to Bill Drury for sending
   the message to MOO-Cows that finally got me to fix this longstanding bug.)
-- Disallowed empty verb names and those made up only of spaces.
-- Added a new built-in function `toliteral(VALUE)' such that
	eval("return " + toliteral(VALUE) + ";") == {1, VALUE}
   for all MOO values.
-- The `create()' built-in function will now create children of #-1.
-- Added an `emergency wizard mode' to the server's start-up sequence; if you
   give an initial `-e' option on the command line, then after loading in the
   database but *before* running #0:server_started(), the server will use its
   standard input and output streams to allow execution of wizardly `eval'
   commands and re-programming of verbs.  For more details, type `help' from
   inside the mode.
-- The verbs #0:user_disconnected() and #0:user_client_disconnected() are now
   called for un-logged-in and outbound connections, too, just as they are for
   logged-in ones.
   ******** Before upgrading an existing MOO to use this version of the server,
   * NOTE * you should check your versions of these verbs to ensure that they
   ******** will work appropriately when passed negative (and therefore
   invalid) object numbers.  In most cases, it is probably sufficient to add
   the following lines to the top of these verbs:
		if (args[1] < #0)
		  return;
		endif
   This code should work compatibly with either version of the server, since
   these verbs weren't being called with such object numbers before.
-- The server now saves, in the DB file, a list of all users with active
   connections at the time of the checkpoint, shutdown, or panic that made the
   file.  Upon server start-up, if such a list is present in the DB file, a
   call is made to #0:user_disconnected() for each formerly active connection.
   These calls are made *before* the call to #0:server_started().  In this way,
   there are no longer any discontinuities across a server reboot; from the
   point of view of code in the DB, the only evidence of a reboot is that,
   first, a relatively long time has passed since the last task execution,
   second, all connections to the server (in-bound or out, logged-in or not)
   have simultaneously been closed, and third, #0:server_started() has been
   called by the server.
-- Fixed RX to do reverse-searching properly, so now rmatch() works again.
   Also added a abort-check in the searching inner loop for the MOO interpreter
   having run out of seconds.

Version 1.7.9, 18 October 1995
-- Fixed stupid bug in registration of toliteral(); it now shouln't raise
   E_TYPE on all calls...
-- Added new built-in function `queue_info([USER])'.  If USER is omitted,
   returns a list of object numbers naming all users that currently have task
   queues inside the server; if USER is provided, returns the number of tasks
   currently queued for that user.  It is guaranteed that queue_info(X) will
   return zero for any X not in the result of queue_info().  In essence,
   queue_info(X) is a very efficient version of
	set_task_perms(X);
	return length(queued_tasks());
   In particular, it (a) doesn't have to allocate a large list structure, and
   (b) tells you when passed no arguments the complete set of users for whom
   there might actually be any queued tasks.
-- Fixed initialization bug in code to track number of queued tasks.
-- Liberalized the rules for when a call to read() without arguments will
   succeed.  Wizards won't get E_PERM if the current task is the one that was
   last spawned by a command from the connection in question.  You can assure
   this in a number of ways:
	1) Never suspend, but rather only call read().  This is the one way
	   that used to work.
	2) Get lucky, go ahead and call suspend(), and have it just happen that
	   no commands have been read since the last time you called read(),
	   perhaps because the user was waiting for a prompt and no typing
	   ahead.  This technique is *not* recommended.
	3) Before suspending, call
		set_connection_option(player, "hold-input", 1)
	   thereby ensuring that no commands will be taken from this player's
	   queue until you call
		set_connection_option(player, "hold-input", 0)
   This new third technique, suggested by Alex Stewart, was the impetus for
   making this change.
-- Fixed a memory leak in the server's use of the new matcher.
-- Fixed a bug whereby the third element of a successful result of match() or
   rmatch() contained 29 elements instead of the usual 9.
-- Changed the method for determining a given user's queued-task limit, which
   is checked on every `fork' or `suspend()' from code running with that user's
   permissions.  If the current task perms are valid, and that object has a
   `queued_task_limit' property, and the value of that property is a
   non-negative number, then that number is the limit.  Otherwise, if
   $server_options.queued_task_limit exists and its value is a non-negative
   number, then that's the limit.  Otherwise, there is no limit.  (Thanks to
   Gustavo Glusman for his suggestion on how to do this.)
-- The following release note, given for the 1.7.9alpha1 release, contained an
   error; the following version corrects it.
   ********** The old GNU regex package had a bug in its handling of certain
   ** NOTE ** patterns with parentheses in them, and it is reasonably likely
   ********** that many MOO programmers have, perhaps unconsciously, come to
   depend upon this buggy behavior.  Unfortunately for such programmers, RX
   does not have this bug, so you will want to fix your regular expressions
   before upgrading to this release; the fixed patterns will work correctly on
   both releases.
     The old bug concerns patterns of the form `%( ... %)*', that is, a starred
   or plussed parenthesized sub-pattern; for example, consider the MOO
   expression
	match("foo", "%(o%)+")
   Using the old regex package, this returns
	{2, 3, {{2, 3}, {0, -1}, ...}, "foo"}
   which is *wrong*; the last successful match of the parenthesized sub-pattern
   covered just the third character, not the second and third ones.  Using the
   new RX package, this expression returns the proper value:
	{2, 3, {{3, 3}, {0, -1}, ...}, "foo"}
   To get the effect of the old bug, you need another set of parentheses around
   the whole starred sub-pattern:
	match("foo", "%(%(o%)+%)")
   Under both GNU regex and RX, if M is the result of this expression, we have
	M[3][1] == {2, 3}
   You should look carefully at your uses of match() and rmatch() before
   upgrading to this release, fixing those places where your code depends on
   the old, buggy behavior.
-- ********** There is a severe performance bug in the new matcher, causing it
   ** NOTE ** to run exponentially slowly in certain cases.  Fortunately, these
   ********** cases are usually easy to work around.  If you get an `out of
   seconds' traceback inside a call to `match()' or `rmatch()' (which will be
   accompanied by an error message in the log giving the pattern in use), you
   should probably check first for an instance of this problem.
      The problem concerns starred or plussed sub-patterns inside a starred or
   plussed parenthesized pattern.  For example, here is a perfectly reasonable
   pattern matching MOO strings:
	"\"%([^\"\\]+%|\\.%)*\""
   (It matches double quotes around a sequence of either (a) a cluster of
   characters that don't require escaping, or (b) a single escaped character.)
   Note, however, that it contains a plussed sub-pattern inside of starred
   parentheses, precisely the bad case for the new matcher.  Fortunately, this
   pattern can be altered slightly, removing the `+', without changing the
   meaning:
	"\"%([^\"\\]%|\\.%)*\""
   This pattern does not cause problems for the new matcher.  I don't know of
   any problematical patterns in LambdaCore, but there is at least one in
   JHCore, in $code_utils:safe_eval, where it uses this pattern:
	"^%([^\"()=]+%|\"%([^\\\"]*%|\\.%)*\"%)*$"
                    ^             ^       ^
   There are three instances of the problem here, indicated by the up-arrows;
   the first two of them can be removed without changing the meaning:
	"^%([^\"()=]%|\"%([^\\\"]%|\\.%)*\"%)*$"
   The third instance, in my testing, does not appear to cause any problems in
   practice.
     I am continuing my search for a better regexp implementation, but this one
   has worked well enough for us in practice that I didn't feel it was worth
   holding up the release for it.

Version 1.7.9p1, 18 October 1995
-- Fixed another place in the MOO's interface to the regexp code where it was
   assuming 29 registers instead of 9.  I think that's all of them, now... :-(

Version 1.7.9p2, 28 October 1995
-- Fixed a bug that could crash the server if #0:do_command suspended or
   aborted.
-- Fixed a minor storage leak in the emergency wizard mode.
-- Switched over to yet another implementation of regular expressions, this one
   extracted from the Python-1.3 release.  It's much simpler than RX, and has
   seen a lot more use, so it's much more likely to be stable.  It does share
   some of the same inherent limitations as the old regex package used in the
   1.7.8p4 release of the server (which it resembles pretty closely in many
   ways), but I think I've tweaked the parameters in such a way as to render
   those limitations invisible for the vast majority of MOO uses.  This matcher
   also doesn't have the exponential performance bug that existed in the one
   used in 1.7.9p1.
-- The match() and rmatch() functions now raise E_QUOTA if they run out of
   memory during matching.  Previously, they simply returned {}, just as if the
   pattern had not matched.

Version 1.8.0alpha1, 29 November 1995
-- Much internal cleanup, especially surrounding the interface between the DB
   module and the rest of the server.
-- Added an optional argument to the built-in function callers(); if provided
   and true, each element of the returned value will have a sixth element, the
   currently executing line number of the corresponding verb.
-- Added new facilities for raising and handling MOO errors, as described in
   the next four points.
-- Added built-in function `raise(CODE [, MSG [, VALUE]])' where CODE can be
   any MOO value (*not* just one of type ERR), MSG defaults to `tostr(CODE)',
   and VALUE defaults to 0.  This raises CODE as an error, just like dividing
   by zero raises E_DIV.  If the error is not caught (by one of the other new
   constructs described below), then MSG will appear on the first line of the
   resulting traceback printed to the user.  VALUE is accessible to an error
   handler established by the new TRY-EXCEPT-ENDTRY construct; see below.
-- Added new error-catching expression:
		`EXPR ! CODES => EXPR_H'
   NOTE: The open- and close-quotation marks in the previous line are really
   part of the syntax!
      In this new expression, EXPR and EXPR_H are arbitrary expressions.  CODES
   is either the new keyword "ANY" or a non-empty "argument list" of
   expressions; just like normal argument lists, CODES can contain "@"-marked
   expressions that evaluate to lists to be spliced into the resulting list of
   error codes.  The "=> EXPR_H" part is optional.
      First, CODES is evaluated yielding a list of error codes that should be
   caught if raised; if CODES is "ANY", then it is equivalent to the list of
   all possible MOO values.
      Next, EXPR is evaluated.  If it evaluated normally, without raising an
   error, then its value becomes the value of the entire error-catching
   expression.   If evaluating EXPR results in an error being raised, then call
   it E.  If E is in the list resulting from CODES, then E is considered
   "caught" by this error-catching expression.  In such a case, if EXPR_H was
   given, it is evaluated to get the outcome of the entire error-catching
   expression; if EXPR_H was omitted, then E is the value of the entire
   expression.  If E is *not* in the list resulting from CODES, then this
   expression does not catch the error and it continues to be raised, possibly
   to be caught by some piece of code either surrounding this expression or
   higher up on the verb-call stack.
      Here are some examples:
	`x + 1 ! E_TYPE => 0'
		Returns x + 1 if x is a number, returns 0 if x is not a number,
		and raises E_VARNF if x doesn't have a value.
	`x.y ! E_PROPNF, E_PERM => 17'
		Returns x.y if that doesn't cause an error, 17 if x doesn't
		have a "y" property or that property isn't readable, and raises
		some other kind of error (like E_INVIND) if x.y does.
	`1 / 0 ! ANY'
		Returns E_DIV.
-- Added new error-catching statement:
		TRY
		  statements_0
		EXCEPT id_1 (codes_1)
		  statements_1
		EXCEPT id_2 (codes_2)
		  statements_2
		ENDTRY
   The IDs are optional, CODES has the same syntax as above, and there can be
   anywhere from 1 to 255 EXCEPT clauses.
      First, each CODES is evaluated yielding a list of error codes that should
   be caught if raised; if any CODES is "ANY", then it is equivalent to the
   list of all possible MOO values.
      Next, STATEMENTS_0 is executed; if it doesn't raise an error, then that's
   all that happens for the entire TRY statement.  Otherwise, let E be the
   error it raises.  From top to bottom, E is searched for in the lists
   resulting from the various CODES_i; if it isn't found in any of them, then
   it continues to be raised, possibly to be caught by some piece of code
   either surrounding this TRY statement or higher up on the verb-call stack.
      If E is found first in CODES_i, then ID_i (if provided) assigned a value
   containing information about the error being raised and STATEMENTS_i is
   executed.  The value assigned to ID_i list a list of four elements:
		{CODE, MSG, VALUE, TRACEBACK}
   where CODE is E, the error being raised, MSG and VALUE are as provided by
   the code that raised the error (built-in errors, such as division by zero,
   currently act as if the MSG and VALUE arguments to raise() were omitted),
   and TRACEBACK is a list like that returned by callers(), including line
   numbers.  The TRACEBACK list contains entries for every verb from the one
   that raised the error through the one containing this TRY statement.
      Here is an example:
		try
		  result = object:(command)(@arguments);
		  player:tell("=> ", toliteral(result));
		except v (ANY)
		  tb = v[4];
		  if (length(tb) == 1)
		    player:tell("** Illegal command: ", v[2]);
		  else
		    top = tb[1];
		    tb[1..1] = {};
		    player:tell(top[1], ":", top[2], ", line ", top[6], ":",
		                v[2]);
		    for fr in (tb)
		      player:tell("... called from ", fr[1], ":", fr[2],
		                  ", line ", fr[6]);
		    endfor
		    player:tell("(End of traceback)");
		  endif
		endtry
-- Added new error-cleanup statement:
		TRY
		  statements_0
		FINALLY
		  statements_1
		ENDTRY
   STATEMENTS_0 is executed; if it completes without raising an error or
   returning from this verb, then STATEMENTS_1 is executed and that's
   all that happens for the entire TRY statement.  Otherwise, the process of
   raising the error past this point or returning from this verb (as
   appropriate) is interrupted and STATEMENTS_1 is executed.  If STATEMENTS_1
   itself completes without raising an error or returning from this verb, then
   the interrupted raising or returning process is resumed.  If STATEMENTS_1
   does return or raise an error, then the interrupted raising or returning
   process is simply forgotten in favor of the new one.
      In short, this statement ensures that STATEMENTS_1 is executed after
   control leaves STATEMENTS_0 for whatever reason; it can thus be used to make
   sure that some piece of cleanup code is run even if STATEMENTS_0 doesn't
   simply run normally to completion.
      Here's an example:
		try
		  start = time();
		  object:(command)(@arguments);
		finally
		  end = time();
		  this:charge_user_for_seconds(player, end - start);
		endtry
-- Completely rewrote the MOO-code decompiler, restructuring it to be able to
   cope with the new exception-handling constructs.
-- Fixed bug in handling of EOF in emergency wizard mode; it is now treated as
   equivalent to the `quit' command.
-- Added internal interfaces allowing built-in function implementations (a) to
   be notified when given file descriptors are readable/writable (see file
   net_multi.h), (b) to resume tasks that they earlier caused to suspend (see
   resume_task() in file tasks.h), and (c) to make it possible for their
   suspended tasks to be listed by queued_tasks() and killed by kill_task().
-- Added a new, essentially empty module `extensions.c', intended to be easily
   replaced by users with a file of their own MOO extensions.  The file also
   contains some examples of extensions using all of the new internal
   interfaces.
-- Clarification to change made in 1.7.9alpha1: $server_options.max_stack_depth
   can only be used to override DEFAULT_MAX_STACK_DEPTH if it *increases* the
   value.  This is good because (a) there probably aren't any good reasons to
   want to lower the limit, and (b) you could get good and screwed if you set
   it too low.
-- Fixed match() and rmatch() to treat unrecognized escape sequences in
   patterns as if the `%' were not there.  Thus, `%X' in a pattern is now
   equivalent to simply `X', for all X not explicitly mentioned in the
   programmer's manual.

Version 1.8.0alpha2, 11 December 1995
-- Added an optional argument to `connected_players()'; if provided and true,
   this now includes *all* active connections in the returned list, including
   outbound or un-logged-in ones.
-- Fixed checkpoint timing to test for overflow when adding $dump_interval to
   the current time; when this happens, it pretends that $dump_interval = 3600.
   This should fix the problem someone found where setting $dump_interval to
   $maxint caused continuous checkpointing.
-- Fixed `make clean' to remove a few more derived files that aren't part of
   the distribution, including `Makefile' itself.
-- Added two new DB-settable options:
      $server_options.name_lookup_timeout
	   is the maximum number of seconds the server will wait for a response
	   to a hostname <--> IP address lookup before giving up.
      $server_options.outbound_connect_timeout
	   is the maximum number of seconds that a server will hang waiting for
	   an outbound network connection attempt to succeed; after that, it
	   gives up.
-- Added new built-in function `resume(TASK_ID [, VALUE])', where TASK_ID is
   the task ID of an existing suspended task and VALUE defaults to zero.  If
   the programmer is a wizard or owns the specified task, the task is made
   immediately runnable; when it runs, its call to `suspend()' will return
   VALUE.  Raises E_PERM if the programmer does not own the specified task and
   E_INVARG if TASK_ID does not specify an existing suspended task.
-- Made the argument to `suspend()' be optional; if omitted, the suspension is
   effectively forever.  Such eternally suspended tasks can only be made
   runnable again with the new `resume()' function.
-- Verbs that have not yet been programmed are now completely equivalent to
   those with the empty program.  In particular, they are no longer invisible
   to normal verb-calls.
-- Added new built-in function `task_stack(TASK_ID [, LINE_NUMBERS_TOO])',
   where TASK_ID is the task ID of an existing suspended task and
   LINE_NUMBERS_TOO defaults to false.  Returns a value like that returned by
   `callers()', but covering all of the stack frames of the specified task.
-- It is now possible to make specific built-in properties readable only by
   wizards.  For a built-in property `foo', if $server_options.protect_foo
   exists and has a true value, then any attempt by a non-wizard to read the
   value of the `foo' property of any object will raise E_PERM.  For example,
   if $server_options.protect_location existed with the value 1, then the
   `location' property of all objects would only be readable by wizards.
-- Added OUTPUTPREFIX and OUTPUTSUFFIX as synonyms for the built-in PREFIX and
   SUFFIX commands.  I'm told that this would make the MOO compatible with some
   other servers, allowing the same somewhat fancy clients to be used with
   both.
-- Added new built-in function `object_bytes(OBJECT)', where OBJECT is a valid
   object and the result is the number of bytes of memory required to represent
   that object and all of its verbs and properties.  Raises E_PERM if called by
   a non-wizard.  [There's a surprising amount of difference between this very
   accurate count and the one returned by the rough-guess :object_bytes() verb
   I wrote long ago, which is still used as the basis of most byte-based quota
   implementations.  In particular, the vast majority of objects are, in fact,
   smaller than the rough guess, sometimes by substantial amounts.  For
   example, the $player object in LambdaCore-1Oct94.db is farthest off, being
   43,260 bytes smaller than :object_bytes() guessed.  The majority though,
   including Mr. Spell, are within about 5,000 bytes of the guess, which isn't
   too bad, eh?  It would appear that the guesses were most wrong for verb
   code, which isn't very surprising.]
-- Added the syntax `$vname(...)' as an abbreviation for `#0:vname(...)', by
   analogy to the `$' notation for properties on #0.
-- Fixed a server-crashing bug in which the resumption value of suspended tasks
   was not properly saved and restored after reboot.  (Thanks to Jin-su Ahn for
   pointing this out.)
-- Fixed a bug in which forked tasks were written out incorrectly in checkpoint
   files.  (Thanks to Jin-su Ahn for noticing the problem.)
-- Fixed a server-crashing bug in the new decompiler.  (Thanks to Jin-su Ahn
   for discovering the bug.)
-- Made it possible to rename properties.  If the third argument to
   set_property_info(OBJECT, NAME, INFO) has a third element that is a string,
   NEW, and the property NAME is defined on OBJECT (not merely inherited), and
   NEW names neither a built-in property nor an existing property on OBJECT or
   any of its ancestors or descendants, then "OBJECT.NAME" is renamed to
   "OBJECT.NEW".  This more-or-less parallels the way verb renaming works.
-- Traceback lists, returned by callers() and task_stack() and also made
   available in the try-except-endtry construct, now include entries for
   built-in functions that have made MOO verb calls.  Such entries have the
   same form as normal entries, but the THIS, PROGRAMMER, and VERB-LOC fields
   (elements 1, 3, and 4) are all set to #-1, the VERB-NAME field (element 2)
   is set to the name of the built-in function, and the LINE-NUMBER field
   (element 6), if any, is set to an index used internally to determine the
   current state of the built-in function.  The simplest safe test for a
   built-in function entry is
	(VERB-LOC == #-1  &&  PROGRAMMER == #-1  &&  VERB-NAME != "")
   This combination was not previously possible.  I leave it to the interested
   reader to discover the previously possible circumstances under which any
   weaker test might fail...

Version 1.8.0alpha3, 27 December 1995
-- Added new built-in function `call_function(FNAME, @ARGS)' where FNAME is a
   string naming a built-in function to call and ARGS are the arguments to pass
   to it.  This allows you to compute the name of the function to call and, in
   particular, allows you to write a call to a built-in function that may or
   may not exist in the particular version of the server you're using.
-- Changed MOO-code parser to just issue a warning during DB loading if a call
   to an unknown built-in function is encountered; in such a case, the call is
   replaced by an equivalent one to `call_function()'.
-- Changed parser error and warning messages during DB loading to include
   information about where the program in question is located.
-- Fixed registration of `suspend()' to allow for it being called with no
   arguments.  (Thanks to Jin-su Ahn for discovering the bug.)
-- Fixed a nasty memory leak in the new match() implementation.  (Thanks to
   Bill Garrett and Judy Anderson for tracking down a test case.)
-- Fixed a bug in the line-number-finding code in the new decompiler.  (Thanks
   to Jin-su Ahn for noticing the problem.)
-- Fixed a new bug preventing the loading of suspended tasks from the DB file.
   (Thanks once again to Jin-su Ahn for pointing this out.)
-- Fixed a new memory leak in the handling of errors raised from built-in
   functions called from !d verbs.
-- Fixed a new memory leak in command parsing.
-- Fixed a new memory leak in built-in property reference.
-- Fixed a serious memory leak in the new decompiler, triggered every time the
   server needed to determine a line number in a verb program.
-- Fixed a minor memory leak in the loading of forked tasks from the DB file.
-- Fixed bug that would cause prepositions not to be properly matched in the
   very first user command processed after booting.  Beware C functions that
   return pointers to static private data... :-/
-- Added new built-in function `db_disk_size()', which returns the total size,
   in bytes, of the most recent full representation of the database as one or
   more disk files.  It raises E_QUOTA if, for some reason, no such on-disk
   representation is currently available.
-- Changed network input handler to accept any of CR, LF, or CRLF as an end-of-
   line indicator.  This should improve robustness in the face of broken telnet
   clients that assume local EOL conventions will work across the net.
-- Added progress messages to the dumping/checkpointing process just like those
   printed during the loading process.
-- Added some extra configuration help for NeXT machines.
-- Fixed server-crashing bug in case where a raised error is not handled by the
   innermost handler.  (Thanks to Nate Massey for finding the problem.)
-- Added support for unambiguous reference to specific verbs in the built-in
   functions `delete_verb()', `verb_info()', `set_verb_info()', `verb_args()',
   `set_verb_args()', `verb_code()', `set_verb_code()', and `disassemble().  In
   all cases, if the second argument (the verb name) is a positive number
   instead of a string, it is treated as a 1-based index into the list of all
   verbs defined on the given object.
   ********** The old behavior, in which numeric strings in these argument
   ** NOTE ** positions (and in the built-in `.program' command) were sometimes
   ********** treated as 0-based indices into the list of defined verbs, has
   now been disabled by default.  To re-enable it, define the property
   `$server_options.support_numeric_verbname_strings' and give it a true value.
   Most existing databases will require this re-enabling, at least for a period
   of transition; a certain amount of important old code critically depends on
   this old behavior.
     I chose to do things this way in order to emphasize the strong incentive
   for sites to update the affected old code to the new, more reliable
   mechanism; with the old mechanism enabled, it is possible to create
   situations where some verbs (with numeric names) simply cannot be referred
   to by name.
-- Fixed bug where errors raised by built-in functions called from !d verbs are
   not properly squelched if the built-in has itself previously called a MOO
   verb.  (Thanks to Brian Buchanan for noticing this bug.)

Version 1.8.0alpha4, 30 December 1995
-- Fixed foolish C-syntax bug in the delete_verb() built-in.  (Thanks to Brian
   Buchanan and Nate Massey for finding this.)
-- Fixed configuration problem on FreeBSD and perhaps other platforms.  (Thanks
   again to Brian Buchanan for pointing this out.)
-- Fixed compilation warning in net_bsd_tcp.c when OUTBOUND_NETWORK was
   defined.  (Thanks to Martian and others for reporting this.)
-- Fixed nasty occasional memory smash in delete_property().  (Thanks to Kai
   Storbeck for reporting it.)
-- All DB-configurable messages (e.g., $server_options.timeout_msg, etc.) can
   now be given as either a string or a list of strings; in the latter case,
   each string will be printed on a separate line.
-- New DB-configurable message $server_options.server_full_msg is printed to
   any connection that arrives when the server really can't accept any more
   connections; after printing the message, the temporarily-accepted connection
   is immediately closed.  The default for this message is as was formerly
   hardwired into the server:
        *** Sorry, but the server cannot accept any more connections right now.
	*** Please try again later.
-- The DB-configurable messages are no longer printed on outbound connections.
-- Added a version of the MPL (multiple-port listening) extension first
   implemented by Ivan Judson.  This involves the addition of three new
   built-in functions:
	listen(OBJ, DESC [, PRINT_MESSAGES]) => CANON_DESC
	    Create a new point at which the server will listen for network
	    connections, just as it does normally.  OBJ is the object whose
	    verbs :do_login_command, :do_command, :do_out_of_band_command,
	    :user_connected, :user_created, :user_reconnected,
	    :user_disconnected, and :user_client_disconnected will be called at
	    appropriate points, just like these verbs are called on #0 for
	    normal connections.  (If a user reconnects and the user's old and
	    new connections are on two different listening points being handled
	    by different objects, then :user_client_disconnected is called for
	    the old connection and :user_connected for the new one.)  DESC is a
	    network-configuration- specific parameter describing the listening
	    point.  For the TCP configurations, DESC is a port number on which
	    to listen.  If PRINT_MESSAGES is provided and true, then the
	    various DB- configurable messages will be printed on connections
	    received at the new listening point.  CANON_DESC is a
	    `canonicalized' version of DESC, with any configuration-specific
	    defaulting or aliasing accounted for.  For the TCP configurations,
	    CANON_DESC is equal to DESC unless DESC is zero, in which case
	    CANON_DESC is a port number assigned by the operating system.  This
	    raises E_PERM if the programmer is not a wizard, E_INVARG if OBJ is
	    invalid or there is already a listening point described by DESC,
	    and E_QUOTA if some network-configuration-specific error occurred.
	unlisten(DESC)
	    Stop listening for connections on the point described by DESC,
	    which should be a value returned by some successful call to
	    listen().  Raises E_PERM if the programmer is not a wizard and
	    E_INVARG if there does not exist a listener with that description.
	listeners() => {{OBJ, DESC, PRINT_MESSAGES}, ...}
	    Returns a list of all existing listeners, including the default one
	    set up by the server at boot time.
   I believe that this implementation is upward-compatible with the existing
   uses of Ivan's package.  As far as I know, the only differences are that his
   package did not have the PRINT_MESSAGES argument to listen(), did not work
   for the non-BSD/TCP networking configurations, did not call :do_command or
   :do_out_of_band_command, did not distinguish the case of a user reconnecting
   on a different listening point, and did not have the listeners() function.
      Please note that there is now nothing special about the initial listening
   point created by the server at boot time; you can use unlisten() on it just
   as if it had been created by listen().  This can be useful; for example, you
   might start up your server on some obscure port, say 12345, connect to it by
   yourself for a while, and then open it up to normal users with the command
	;;unlisten(12345); listen(#0, 7777, 1)
-- Changed the result of connection_name() to expose information about the
   listening point on which the connection was accepted.  For the TCP
   networking configurations, the format is now:
	  "port 7777 from foo.bar.com, port 3456"
   where 7777 is the server port on which the connection arrived and the rest
   is as before.
   ********** Before upgrading an existing LambdaCore-based MOO to use this
   ** NOTE ** version of the server, you should modify the verb
   ********** $string_utils:connection_hostname_bsd as follows:
		    @program $string_utils:connection_hostname_bsd
		    s = args[1];
		    m = match(s, "^.* %(from%|to%) %([^, ]+%)");
		    return m ? substitute("%2", m) | "";
		    .
   This code should work compatibly with any version of the server since 1.6.0.
-- Added a new kind of expression, allowed only within the indexing/subranging
   brackets `[...]'; in this context, the expression `$' means the length of
   the value being indexed or subranged.  This allows, for example, expressions
   like `x[2..$]' to get the `rest' of a list after the first element or
   `x[random($)]' to get a random element of a list.  You can also use this on
   the left-hand side of an assignment; for example `x[$] = 7' sets the last
   element of a list, and `x[$+1..$] = {y}' adds y onto the end of the list x.
   My favorite abuse of the new syntax is `x[l = $]' as a substitute for the
   verbose and now old-fashioned `l = length(x)'.
-- Fixed longstanding bug in `client_sysv', the client for the SYSV/LOCAL
   networking configuration; it never worked to specify a server connection
   file on the command line!

Version 1.8.0alpha5, 11 January 1996
-- Removed test that caused commands from disconnected users to be discarded.
   (Thanks to Nate Massey for asking the question that led to this.)
-- If $do_command() returns false without suspending (signalling that the
   server should carry on with its normal command parsing and dispatch), the
   resulting input task will have the same task_id() value as the $do_command()
   task did.  (Thanks to Nate Massey for the suggestion.)
-- Added configuration code to cope with the C function crypt() not existing;
   in such a case, the crypt() built-in function simply returns the first
   argument, unchanged.  (Thanks again to Nate Massey for the suggestion.)
-- Fixed bogus-memory freeing bug in add_verb().  (Thanks to Mark Blanchard for
   reporting this and to Purify for finding it.)
-- Fixed missing declaration of strlen() in parser.y.  (Thanks again to Mark
   Blanchard for the report.)
-- Fixed bug where the wrong permissions are used by built-in functions who ask
   after they've already called some MOO function.  (Thanks to Brian Buchanan
   for finding this.)
-- Added new built-in function `buffered_output_length([CONN])', where CONN is
   an active connection and the result is the number of bytes currently
   buffered up for output.  If CONN is not provided, this returns the maximum
   number of bytes that will be buffered up for output on any connection.
   (Thanks to Martian for the impetus for this and to Gustavo Glusman and Jaime
   Prilusky for inspiration on the interface.)
-- Made it easier for server code to get the result of a suspended task, by
   adding an `result' argument to resume_from_previous_vm().  (Thanks to Jin-su
   Ahn for pointing out this irregularity in the code.)
-- Fixed problem with non-flushing notify() calls when the string to be output
   is larger than MAX_QUEUED_OUTPUT; this always failed, even when there wasn't
   any other output in the buffer.  Now, if the buffer is currently empty, any
   line of output, no matter how large, will be accepted.
-- Added facility for doing fully-general binary I/O on connections.  If you
   call `set_connection_option(CONN, "binary", 1)', then both input from and
   output to that connection can contain arbitrary bytes.  On input, any byte
   that isn't an ASCII printing character, the space character, or the TAB
   character will be represented as the four-character substring "~NNN", where
   NNN is the octal representation of the byte; the input character `~' is
   represented by the two-character substring "~~".  Call this representation
   of bytes "binary strings".  Input from a connection in binary mode is *not*
   broken into lines at all; it is delivered to either the read() function or
   the built-in command parser in whatever size chunks come back from the
   operating system.  For output to a connection in binary mode, the second
   argument to `notify()' must be a binary string; if it is malformed, E_INVARG
   is raised.  Of course, the call `set_connection_option(CONN, "binary", 0)'
   sets the connection back into the normal MOO I/O mode.
-- For convenience in manipulating binary strings, two new built-in functions
   are provided:
	decode_binary(BIN_STRING [, FULLY]) => LIST
	    Returns a list of strings and/or numbers representing the bytes in
	    BIN_STRING in order.  If FULLY is false or omitted, the list
	    contains a number only for each non-printing, non-space, non-tab
	    byte; all other characters are grouped into the longest possible
	    contiguous substrings.  If FULLY is provided and true, the list
	    contains only numbers, one for each byte represented in BIN_STRING.
	    Raises E_INVARG if BIN_STRING is malformed.
	    Examples:
		decode_binary("foo") => {"foo"}
		decode_binary("~~foo") => {"~foo"}
		decode_binary("foo~015~012") => {"foo", 13, 10}
		decode_binary("foo~012bar~012baz")
						=> {"foo", 10, "bar", 10, "baz}
		decode_binary("foo~015~012", 1) => {102, 111, 111, 13, 10}
	encode_binary(@ARGS) => BIN_STRING
	    ARGS must be a list of numbers between 0 and 255, strings, and
	    lists of this same form.  Translates each number and string in turn
	    into its binary string equivalent, returning the concatenation of
	    all these substrings into a single binary string.
	    Examples:
		encode_binary("~foo") => "~~foo"
		encode_binary({"foo", 13, 10}, {"bar", 13, 10})
					=> "foo~015~012bar~015~012"
		encode_binary("foo", 13, 10, "bar", 13, 10)
					=> "foo~015~012bar~015~012"
-- Fixed two places missed in a change made in 1.7.9alpha1;
   $user_disconnected() is now called for un-logged-in connections that either
   time out or are the target of a call to boot_player().  (Thanks to Brian
   Buchanan for pointing out the discrepancy.)
-- Fixed memory-smash bug in the renumber() built-in function.  (Thanks again
   to Brian Buchanan for reporting this and to Purify for making it easy to
   find the problem.)

Version 1.8.0alpha6, 16 January 1996
-- Replaced panic with raising E_TYPE in the case where `x[$]' is applied to a
   non-string, non-list `x'.  (Thanks to Kipp the Kid for reporting this.)
-- Fixed (yet another) bug in the stack-unwinding code; this one stuck the
   return information for each of a built-in's second and subsequent verb calls
   on successively higher stack frames, causing all manner of havoc, the least
   of which was somewhat surprising results from the (correct!) callers()
   built-in.  (Thanks once again to Brian Buchanan for reporting this bug; this
   marks the *third* bug in stack-unwinding that Brian has uncovered!)
-- Changed the rules for binary strings slightly so that (a) TAB is no longer
   treated as a normal, printing character (i.e., it gets converted to `~011'
   on input in binary mode), and (b) `~' is treated just like all of the
   non-printing characters (i.e., it gets converted to `~176' on input in
   binary mode and the sequence `~~' is illegal in binary strings).  Change (a)
   removes one more source of TAB characters from the MOO (which can only be a
   good thing), and change (b) both simplifies the specification and makes it
   easier to compute the true length of a binary string (i.e., it's the length
   of the string itself minus three times the number of tildes).  (Thanks to
   James Deikun for these suggestions.)
-- Fixed uninitialized-variable bug in the `program' command in emergency
   wizard mode.  (Thanks to Kipp the Kid for reporting it.)
-- Fixed potential memory smash bug if #100 (or #200 or #400 or #800 or ...)
   was a recycled object in the DB file being loaded.  (Thanks to Dave Van
   Buren for sending me a DB file that tickled the bug and to Purify for
   pinpointing it.)
-- Fixed bug that caused *all* settings of the .wizard property to be logged,
   instead of just those that set it to a true value.  (Thanks again to Dave
   Van Buren for reporting this.)
-- Fixed bug accuracy of the top line number in tracebacks resulting from the
   setting of a wizard bit.  (Thanks one last time to DVB for sending me a
   traceback that contained such an error.)
-- Added new built-in function `function_info([NAME])' which returns
   descriptions of built-in functions available on the server.  If NAME is
   provided, only the description of the function with that name is returned;
   if NAME is omitted, a list of descriptions is returned, one for each
   function available on the server.  Each description is a list of the
   following form:
	{NAME, MIN_ARGS, MAX_ARGS, TYPES}
   NAME is the name of the built-in function, MIN_ARGS is the minimum number of
   arguments that must be provided to the function, MAX_ARGS is the maximum
   number of arguments that can be provided to the function or -1 if there is
   no maximum, and TYPES is a list of MAX_ARGS numbers (or MIN_ARGS if MAX_ARGS
   is -1), each of which represents the type of argument required in the
   corresponding position.  Each type number is as would be returned from the
   typeof() built-in function except that -1 indicates that any type of value
   is acceptable.  For example, here are several entries from the list:
	{"listdelete", 2, 2, {4, 0}}
	{"suspend", 0, 1, {0}}
	{"server_log", 1, 2, {2, -1}}
	{"tostr", 0, -1, {}}
   `listdelete()' takes exactly 2 arguments, of which the first must be a list
   (LIST == 4) and the second must be a number (NUM == 0).  `suspend()' has one
   optional argument that, if provided, must be a number.  `server_log()' has
   one required argument that must be a string (STR == 2) and one optional
   argument that, if provided, may be of any type.  `tostr()' takes any number
   of arguments and it can't be determined from this description which argument
   types would be acceptable in which positions.
      It should be noted that, in a feat of synchronicity, this new built-in
   brings the total number supported in the official server release to exactly
   100!  (Thanks to some-user-whose-message-I've-lost [feel free to mail me
   again so that I can patch this thank-you note] for suggesting such a
   built-in function.)
-- Fixed the definitions of the built-in functions match(), rmatch(), index(),
   rindex(), and strsub() to accept any type of value for their final,
   `case-matters' flag argument.  Also fixed `verb_code()' to allow any type of
   value for either of its final two flag arguments.
-- Added `scattering assignment' expression, allowing the elements of a list to
   be spread among multiple variables simultaneously; this could be used, for
   example, to get at the arguments to a verb in a more convenient form than
   the list `args'.
      A scattering assignment expression looks like this:
	{ TARGETS } = EXPR
   where TARGETS is a comma-separated list of places to store elements of the
   list that results from evaluating EXPR.  A target has one of the following
   forms:
	VARIABLE
	    This is the simplest target, just a simple variable; the list
	    element in the corresponding position is assigned to the variable.
	    I call this a `required' target, since the assignment is required
	    to put one of the list elements into the variable.
	? VARIABLE
	    I call this an `optional' target, since it doesn't always get
	    assigned an element.  If there are any list elements left over
	    after all of the required targets (and all of the other optionals
	    to the left of this one) have been accounted for, then this
	    variable is treated like a required one and the list element in the
	    corresponding position is assigned to the variable.  If there
	    aren't enough elements to assign one to this target, then no
	    assignment is made to this variable, leaving it with whatever its
	    previous value was.
	? VARIABLE = EXPR
	    This is also an optional target, but if there aren't enough list
	    elements available to assign one to this target, the result of
	    evaluating EXPR is assigned to it instead.  Thus, EXPR is a kind of
	    `default value' for the variable.  The default value expressions
	    are evaluated and assigned working from left to right *after* all
	    of the other assignments have been performed.
	@ VARIABLE
	    Analogously to MOO argument lists, this variable is assigned a list
	    of all of the `leftover' list elements in this part of the list
	    after all of the other targets have been filled in.  It will be
	    assigned the empty list, if there aren't any elements left over.  I
	    call this a `rest' target, since it gets the rest of the elements.
	    There may be at most one rest target in TARGETS.
   If there aren't enough list elements to fill all of the required targets, or
   if there are more than enough to fill all of the required and optional
   targets but there isn't a rest target to take the leftover ones, then E_ARGS
   is raised.
      Here are some examples of how this works.  Assume first that the verb
   `me:foo()' contains the following code:
		b = c = e = 17;
		{a, ?b, ?c = 8, @d, ?e = 9, f} = args;
		return {a, b, c, d, e, f};
   Then the following calls return the given values:
	    `me:foo(1) ! ANY'              => E_ARGS
	    me:foo(1, 2)                   => {1, 17, 8, {}, 9, 2}
	    me:foo(1, 2, 3)		   => {1, 2, 8, {}, 9, 3}
	    me:foo(1, 2, 3, 4)		   => {1, 2, 3, {}, 9, 4}
	    me:foo(1, 2, 3, 4, 5)	   => {1, 2, 3, {}, 4, 5}
	    me:foo(1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6)	   => {1, 2, 3, {4}, 5, 6}
	    me:foo(1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7)	   => {1, 2, 3, {4, 5}, 6, 7}
	    me:foo(1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8) => {1, 2, 3, {4, 5, 6}, 7, 8}
   Finally MOO has a convenient mechanism for naming verb arguments, checking
   for there being exactly the right number of arguments, handling optional and
   `rest' arguments, etc.  I intend to start every new MOO verb of mine with a
   scattering assignment of `args', and I encourage other MOO programmers to do
   the same.

Version 1.8.0beta1, 7 February 1996
-- Fixed bug where scattering assignment was not checking for the right-hand
   side value being a list, and a severe bug where errors in a scattering
   assignment in a !d verb caused the interpreter to execute many of the
   operands of the EOP_SCATTER instruction as if they were opcodes.  (Thanks to
   Kipp the Kid for finding this problem.)
-- Changed several routines to panic the server instead of simply logging an
   error message; these were places where such an error indicated a memory
   smash or some other very serious error had occurred; it made no sense to try
   to press on with normal operations.  This eliminates the "Impossible var
   type" log messages sometimes seen from FREE_VAR, VAR_REF, and VAR_DUP.
-- Added support for in-DB handling of all tracebacks, of which there are two
   kinds: unhandled errors and tasks that have timed out.
      If an error is raised and not caught, then the verb-call
          #0:handle_uncaught_error(CODE, MSG, VALUE, TRACEBACK, FORMATTED)
   is made, where CODE, MSG, VALUE, and TRACEBACK are the values that would
   have been passed to a `try-except-endtry' handler for the error and
   FORMATTED is a list of strings being the lines of traceback output that
   will be printed to the player.
      If a task runs out of ticks or seconds, then the verb-call
          #0:handle_task_timeout(RESOURCE, TRACEBACK, FORMATTED)
   is made, where RESOURCE is the appropriate one of the strings "ticks" or
   "seconds", and TRACEBACK and FORMATTED are as above.
      In both situations, the indicated verb call is made with the same
   task_id() as the task that caused the traceback.  If the handler verb call
   either suspends or returns a true value, then that code is considered to
   have handled the traceback and no further processing will be done by the
   server.  On the other hand, if the appropriate handler verb does not exist,
   or returns a false value without suspending, or itself causes a traceback,
   the original traceback (i.e., FORMATTED) will be printed to the player as in
   earlier versions of the server.
      Note that, if the handler verb-call itself causes a traceback, no
   `nested' handler call is made; its traceback is simply printed to the player
   without further processing.  This prevents what might otherwise be quite a
   nasty vicious cycle.
      (Thanks to ThwartedEfforts for suggesting such a feature.)
-- Added a way to flush all pending input on a given connection, mostly for use
   by users who change their minds about having typed something and can react
   before the server has processed it.  Each connection may have a defined
   `flush command'; if a raw line of input is equal to that connection's flush
   command, then all pending input on the connection is flushed and a message
   is printed back to the connection describing what happened.  By default,
   each connection's flush command is `.flush'; you can change this default by
   setting $server_options.default_flush_command either to a non-empty string
   (the new default) or something else (a default of `no defined flush
   command').  On any given connection, you can redefine the flush command with
	set_connection_option(CONN, "flush-command", VALUE)
   Again, if VALUE is a non-empty string, it becomes the new flush command for
   CONN; otherwise, CONN is set to have no defined flush command.
   ********** This could confuse things for certain kinds of unusual server
   ** NOTE ** connections, such as outbound ones or ones to non-MOO servers
   ********** running in the database (e.g., HTTP servers).  You may want to
   set $server_options.default_flush_command to the empty string (to disable
   flush commands by default) and use set_connection_option() to change this
   just for appropriate connections (e.g., in #0:do_login_command).
      (Thanks to Kent Pitman and others for help in designing this feature.)
-- Added the `connection_options(CONN)' built-in function, which returns a list
   of {NAME, VALUE} pairs describing the current settings of all of the allowed
   options for the connection CONN.  (Thanks to Brian Buchanan for suggesting
   this.)
-- Added `list' and `disassemble' commands to emergency wizard mode.  (Thanks
   to H. Peter Anvin for writing the first versions of these.)
-- Added a new `named' form of the `while' loop:
		WHILE id (expression)
		  statements
		ENDWHILE
   This behaves exactly like the statement
		WHILE (id = (expression))
		  statements
		ENDWHILE
   This was added solely to provide a way to give a name to a `while' loop, for
   use in the new `break' and `continue' statements, described below.
-- Added new MOO statements `break' and `continue', similar to the ones in C or
   Java.  The syntax is
		BREAK [id];
		CONTINUE [id];
   A `break' statement causes your program to exit an enclosing `for' or
   `while' loop; a `continue' statement causes your program to skip ahead to
   the begining of the next iteration of an enclosing loop.  If provided, the
   ID in the `break' or `continue' statement specifies which enclosing loop is
   meant; ID should be the variable name appearing directly after the `for' or
   `while' keyword in the desired loop.  If no ID is provided, the innermost
   enclosing loop is indicated.  If a `break' or `continue' statement causes
   control to leave the main body of a `try - finally - entry' statement, the
   `finally' part will be executed first, just as with a `return' statement.
      Here's an example:
		x = 0;
		for i in [1..5]
		  notify(player, "top");
		  try
		    if (!x)
		      x = 1;
		      notify(player, "continuing");
		      continue;
		    endif
		    x = x + 1;
		  finally
		    notify(player, "finally");
		  endtry
		  notify(player, "after");
		  if (x > 1)
		    break;
		  endif
		endfor
		notify(player, "done");
   This verb produces the following output:
		top
		continuing
		finally
		top
		finally
		after
		done
   I don't claim that this is a useful verb, mind you, but it does illustrate
   all of the possible interactions.
-- By popular demand, I added the new built-in function
	force_input(CONN, LINE [, AT_FRONT])
   which inserts the string LINE as an input task in the queue for the
   connection CONN, just as if it had arrived as input over the network.  If
   AT_FRONT is provided and true, then the new line of input is put at the
   front of CONN's queue, so that it will be the very next line of input
   processed even if there is already some other input in that queue.
-- Fixed a bug whereby the very most common case of resuming a suspended task
   with a new value failed to work.  (Thanks to Brian Buchanan for reporting
   this.)
-- Changed the server to make a log entry whenever the value of a wizard bit
   changes (as opposed to just when it goes from false to true).  (Thanks to
   Marc <marc@got.net> for this very sensible suggestion.)
-- Fixed a bug where the server thought it sometimes advisable to parenthesize
   the single-character `$' expression...
-- Fixed stack-overflow memory-smash bug that could occur if, in a !d verb, the
   `$' expression got a type error.  (Thanks to Kipp the Kid for reporting
   this.)
-- Fixed a typo in the registration of the functions decode_binary() and
   encode_binary().  (Thanks to Richard Connamacher and H. Peter Anvin for
   finding this.)
-- Added floating-point numbers as a new MOO value type; this involves a number
   of changes to the behavior of existing MOO primitives, described in the
   following several items.  The representation of these values is in the local
   C compiler's type `double', which is IEEE double precision on almost all
   modern systems.  IEEE infinite and NaN values are not allowed in MOO; the
   new error code E_FLOAT is raised whenever one of these values would
   otherwise be computed.
       (Enormous thanks go to H. Peter Anvin, without whose great
       efforts, understanding, and persistence these floating-point
       facilities would not have made it into any release of the
       server on my watch.  I have not taken his patches without
       modification, but nearly every change I made in adding these
       features was patterned closely on what he had done.  Of course,
       any bugs that still remain in the server are solely my
       responsibility and should not be taken to reflect badly on HPA
       in any way.)
-- MOO numeric literals now have the following syntax:
	digit+ [. digit+] [{e | E} [+ | -] digit+]
   The number is represented in floating-point if and only if either a decimal
   point or a scientific-notation marker (`e' or `E') appears in the
   literal.
-- Added new built-in variables `INT' (with the same meaning as the old `NUM'
   variable) and `FLOAT' (the result of typeof() applied to a floating-point
   number).
-- Floating-point numbers not equal to 0.0 are treated as `true' in MOO
   conditionals.
-- Both tostr() and toliteral() display floating-point numbers in the fullest
   available precision, with 15 decimal digits on most machines.
-- The new built-in function `floatstr(FLOAT, PRECISION [, USE_SCI_NOTATION])'
   can be used to get more control over the conversion of floating-point
   numbers to strings.  In this function, FLOAT is a floating-point number and
   PRECISION is the number of digits to appear to the right of the decimal
   point (at most the maximum available precision, 15 digits on most machines).
   If USE_SCI_NOTATION is false or not provided, the result is a string in the
   form "MMMMMMM.DDDDDD", preceded by a minus sign if FLOAT is negative.  If
   USE_SCI_NOTATION is provided and true, the result is a string in the form
   "M.DDDDDDe+EEE", again preceded by a minus sign if FLOAT is negative.
-- The following operators now work in the obvious way (analogously to the
   integer case) if X and Y are both floating-point numbers:
	-X
	X + Y		X - Y		X * Y		X / Y		X % Y
	X == Y		X != Y
	X < Y		X <= Y		X > Y		X >= Y
   If one of X or Y is an integer and the other is a floating-point number,
   then most of these operators raise E_TYPE; there are no automatic coercions
   of integers to floating-point numbers.  The expression (X == Y) is always
   false and (X != Y) always true if X and Y do not have the same type.
       (This is the most major place where I decided to depart from
       HPA's patches; I was persuaded by the discussion on the
       MOO-Cows list that the potential dangers posed by automatic
       coercions in MOO's ubiquitously persistent world outweighed
       their added convenience in some kinds of programs.  It's my
       guess that this decision will generate more dialog on the list,
       and I welcome the input; it's always possible to extend the
       server upward-compatibly later to allow such coercions.)
-- The following operations all raise E_TYPE if either X or Y is a
   floating-point number:
	Z[X]		Z[X] = E	Z[X..Y]		Z[X..Y] = E
   List and string indices must be integers.
-- Added built-in functions `toint()' (a synonym for `tonum()') and
   `tofloat()'.  The former can be used to convert a floating-point number to
   an integer by truncation toward zero.  The latter can be used to convert an
   integer, a floating-point number, an object number, a string containing a
   floating-point literal, or an error value into a floating-point number.
-- The functions `min()', `max()', and `abs()' now work analogously on
   floating-point numbers.  If `min()' or `max()' are passed some integers and
   some floating-point numbers in the same call, they raise E_TYPE.
-- ************ The function `sqrt()' no longer accepts integer arguments; its
   *** NOTE *** argument must now be a floating-point number and its result
   ************ will always be such a number.  The old and nearly useless
   behavior of a call to `sqrt(X)' can be simulated with the new expression
   `toint(sqrt(tofloat(x)))'.  (I did this because it made no sense for the
   various new math functions, like `sin()' and `exp()', to map integer
   arguments to integer results and it seemed important to keep all of the math
   functions consistent.  It's my guess that there's very little existing code
   that uses the old `sqrt()' function, so that this will not represent much of
   an upgrading burden; I'm sure you'll let me know if I'm wrong...)
-- Added a new expression type `X ^ Y', which returns X raised to the power of
   Y.  If X is an integer, then Y must be an integer as well.  If X is a
   floating-point number, then Y may be either integer or floating-point.
       (Yes, maybe this is inconsistent with the complete lack of
       coercions described above; feel free to try to argue me around
       to a position you think is better.)
-- Added the following new functions:
	sin(X)		sine of X
	cos(X)		cosine of X
	tan(X)		tangent of X
	asin(X)		arc-sine (inverse sine) of X in range [-pi/2, pi/2],
			for X in range [-1, 1]
	asin(X)		arc-cosine (inverse cosine) of X in range [0, pi], for
			X in range [-1, 1]
	atan(X [, Y])	arc-tangent (inverse tangent) of X in range
			[-pi/2, pi/2] if Y is not provided, or of Y/X in range
			[-pi, pi] is Y is provided
	sinh(X)		hyperbolic sine of X
	cosh(X)		hyperbolic cosine of X
	tanh(X)		hyperbolic tangent of X
	exp(X)		exponential function e^X
	log(X)		natural logarithm ln(X), for X > 0
	log10(X)	base 10 logarithm of X, for X > 0
	ceil(X)		smallest integer not less than X, as a floating-point
			number
	floor(X)	largest integer not greater than X, as a floating-point
			number
   All of these functions take only floating-point arguments and return
   floating-point results.  They raise E_INVARG if their argument is out of
   range or E_FLOAT if the result overflows.  On underflow, they return zero.
   [Incredibly, some systems also print an error message on standard error if
   the argument is out of range; there isn't anything I can do to stop it, so
   just ignore such messages in the log.]
   (This ends the floating-point changes.)
-- Changed the function `random()' to allow calls with no arguments; this is
   effectively the same as passing in the largest MOO integer.
-- Fixed a long-neglected loophole in tick-counting; the following constructs
   all newly take one tick now:
	-- exception-handling expression: `expr ! codes'
	-- exception-handling statement: try ... except (expr) ... endtry
	-- cleanup statement: try ... finally ... endtry
	-- scattering assignment: {A, B, @C} = X
-- Fixed a bug in the decompiler that could panic the server if a WHILE loop
   was the first thing inside the ELSE part of an IF statement.  (Thanks to Ron
   Stanions for reporting this.)
-- Added documentation of what's required in order to add a new MOO value type
   to the server; see the new file AddingNewMOOTypes.txt.

Version 1.8.0beta2, 10 February 1996
-- Made the source of standard messages printed on connections dependent on the
   object acting as listener for connection.  Connections received on a
   listening point handled by an object OID print messages taken from
   properties on OID.server_options or, if that does not exist, then from
   $server_options.  Thus, for example, after doing `listen(#987, LP, 1)', a
   connection that arrives on the listening point LP and then is disconnected
   will have the text of #987.server_options.boot_msg printed to it; if #987
   does not have a property named "server_options", then
   $server_options.boot_msg will be used instead, just as before. (Thanks to
   Michael Brundage for persistently reminding me to add this feature.)
-- Fixed bug in clear_property(OID, PNAME) where it could crash the server if
   the object OID defines the property PNAME.  (Thanks to Don Schwarz for
   reporting this.)
-- Fixed bug in floating-point number parsing where literals with exponents but
   no decimal point (e.g., `1E6') were treated as integers.  (Thanks to
   H. Peter Anvin for pointing this out to me.)
-- Slightly liberalized parsing of floating-point numbers not to require any
   digits before the decimal point if there are digits after it.  Thus, `.02'
   is now parsed identically to `0.02'.  (Thanks to Kipp the Kid for suggesting
   this.)
-- Fixed bug where `kill_task(task_id())' could panic the server.  (Thanks to
   Brian Buchanan for reporting this.)
-- Fixed handling of floating-point exceptions on systems that support the
   SVID3 `matherr()' handler function.  (Thanks to H. Peter Anvin for reminding
    me to do this.)
-- Added built-in function `trunc(X)' which returns the floating-point number
   obtained by truncating the floating-point number X at the decimal point.
   For X < 0.0, this is equivalent to `ceil(X)'; otherwise, it is equivalent to
   `floor(X)'.  (Thanks to HPA again for suggesting this.)

Version 1.8.0beta3, 18 February 1996
-- Once more liberalized parsing of floating-point numbers, this time not to
   require any digits *after* the decimal point if there are digits *before*
   it.  Thus, `32.' is now parsed identically to `32.0' and `32.e1' is parsed
   identically to `32.0e1'.  (Thanks to Brian Buchanan for pointing out this
   remaining inconsistency with the behavior of tofloat().)
-- Added built-in function `value_hash(X)', which returns a 32-character
   hexadecimal string equal to `MD5(toliteral(X))', where MD5 is a well-known
   cryptographically secure hash function.  In essence, if
   `equals(value_hash(X), value_hash(Y))' then you can be pretty damned sure
   that `equals(X, Y)', even if the two hashes were computed on different
   machines.  Also added `string_hash(X)', which just computes the MD5 hash of
   the contents of the string X, and `binary_hash(X)', which does the same for
   the binary string X.
-- Fixed `toint(X)', where X is a string denoting a floating-point number, to
   return the same as `toint(tofloat(X))'.  (Thanks to Kai Storbeck for
   suggesting this.)
-- Fixed bug in `floatstr(X, PREC)' where PREC was allowed to be negative.
   (Thanks to `slayer' for reporting this bug.)
-- Changed parser to replace calls of the form `call_function("foo", ...)'
   with simply `foo(...)' if `foo' is a known function.  (Thanks to Don Schwarz
   for suggesting this.)

Version 1.8.0, 9 March 1996
-- Verbs defined on #0 are no longer subject to the wiz-only permissions check
   on built-in functions generated by defining $server_options.protect_FOO with
   a true value.  Thus, you can now write a `wrapper' for a built-in function
   without having to re-implement all of the server's built-in permissions
   checks for that function.  (Thanks to ThwartedEfforts for bringing this idea
   back to my attention.)
-- If a built-in function FOO has been made wiz-only (by defining
   $server_options.protect_FOO with a true value) and a call is made to that
   function from a non-wiz verb not defined on #0 (that is, if the server is
   about to raise E_PERM), the server first checks to see if the verb #0:bf_FOO
   exists.  If so, it calls it instead of raising E_PERM and returns or raises
   whatever it returns or raises.  (Thanks to yduJ and ThwartedEfforts for
   putting this idea together.)
-- Added the source code for `pgperf' to a subdirectory of the release `tar'
   file.  You need `pgperf' in order to recreate the keyword-lookup table used
   in the MOO-code parser should you ever change the set of keywords accepted
   by the parser.  Check out the `pgperf/README' file for (slightly) more
   information.
-- Backed out the change in 1.8.0beta3 where the parser was replacing calls of
   the form `call_function("foo", ...)'  with simply `foo(...)' if `foo' was a
   known function.  While this change made sense for porting whole databases
   between server versions, it made it harder to port single verbs or objects
   from place to place.  (Thanks to Richard Connamacher for being persistent
   enough to finally make me see this point.)
-- Added new built-in function `connection_option(CONN, OPTION)', which returns
   the current setting of the option OPTION on the connection CONN.  It raises
   E_INVARG if OPTION is not a valid option for that connection.  (Thanks to
   Don Schwarz for pointing out how inconvenient it could be to have to use
   `connection_options(CONN)' for this.)
-- Changed the format of binary strings to have non-printing characters
   represented in hexadecimal instead of octal, for improved concision and
   consistency with the output of the `*_hash()' functions.  (Thanks to
   ThwartedEfforts for suggesting this.)
-- Made optional the argument to `shutdown()'.  (Thanks to Richard Godard for
   suggesting this.)
-- Moved the DEFAULT_PORT and DEFAULT_CONNECT_FILE options into `options.h'.
   (Thanks to Richard Godard for suggesting this, too.)
-- Fixed line numbers reported in load-time warnings about renaming old uses of
   new keywords.  (Thanks to Ron Stanions and others for noticing this bug.)

Version 1.8.0p1, 11 March 1996
-- Fixed bug in the transition of binary strings from octal to hex.  (Thanks to
   Adrian Irving-Beer for reporting this.)
-- Fixed longer-standing bug in decode_binary() where bytes over 127 would be
   decoded as negative numbers on some systems.

Version 1.8.0p2, 18 March 1996
-- Fixed off-by-one bug in set_verb_code() that failed to type-check the last
   element of the CODE list.  (Thanks to Kipp the Kid for reporting this.)
-- Reordered printing of start-up messages and the registration of built-in
   functions to allow function registrars to more aesthetically print out their
   own such messages.  (Thanks to Richard Godard for suggesting this.)
-- Minor configuration change to improve chances of finding an ANSI C compiler
   on SGI IRIX 5.2 systems.  (Thanks to John Wilson for the suggestion here.)
-- Changed the behavior of calls to built-in functions made wiz-only via
   $server_options; for a call to a protected function FOO from an object other
   than #0, if $bf_FOO() exists, it is always called instead of the built-in,
   *even for wizards*.  (Thanks to Roger Crew for helping me beat this horse
   thoroughly dead.)
-- Fixed conversions of floating-point numbers into strings.  The default
   conversion, used in tostr() and toliteral(), uses the exact number of
   decimal digits of precision supported in the underlying representation
   (i.e., DBL_DIG in ANSI C).  The writing of the database file uses four more
   digits to be certain of extracting all of the available information.  The
   floatstr() function allows specification of any non-negative number of
   digits up to four more than DBL_DIG.  (Thanks to Brian Buchanan for
   reporting the problem and to H. Peter Anvin for suggesting the appropriate
   fix.)
-- Fixed task_stack() to test for the given task ID being valid (i.e., naming a
   suspended task) *before* testing that the caller's permissions are
   sufficient.  (Thanks to Judy Anderson for reporting this.)
-- The idle un-logged-in connection timeout can now be set in the database.
   For a connection accepted by a listening object L, the server checks for the
   property `connect_timeout' being defined on either L.server_options or, if
   L.server_options is not defined, on $server_options.  If the
   `connect_timeout' property exists and is a positive integer, that is the
   number of seconds to use for the timeout.  If `connect_timeout' exists but
   is not a positive integer, then no timeout is used.  Finally, if
   `connect_timeout' does not exist, the old default of 300 seconds is used as
   the timeout.  (Thanks to Richard Godard for prodding me into this.)
-- Setting the .programmer or .wizard bit on an object no longer raises
   E_INVARG if the object is not a player.  (Thanks to Roger Crew for
   suggesting this.)
-- Fixed `;' command in emergency wizard mode so that such tasks now have
   legitimate task IDs.

Version 1.8.0p3, 7 April 1996
-- Fixed panic when a line of input existed from a logged-in but invalid object
   (as is made possible by force_input()).
-- Fixed `usage' message to include the new `-e' flag.
-- Fixed bug where it didn't work to rename a property changing only the case
   of the letters.  (Thanks to Brack for reporting this.)
-- Exported `get_server_option()' to `server.h', for possible use by server
   extensions.  (Thanks to Richard Godard for suggesting this.)
-- Added `-l LOGFILE' command-line option, to allow specifying the destination
   for logging messages separately from redirecting the standard-error stream.
   This is most useful when intending to `continue' from emergency wizard mode.
   (Thanks to Seth Rich for suggesting this.)
-- Moved test for a built-in function being `protected' and the possible call
   to $bf_FOO() before the test for the correct number and type of arguments.
   This allows a $bf_FOO() overriding verb to take different arguments from the
   built-in it's overriding.  (Thanks to Brian Buchanan for suggesting this.)
-- Added built-in function `flush_input(CONN [, SHOW_MESSAGES])' that does the
   same thing as the user CONN typing their defined `flush' command.  That is,
   it removes all pending lines of input from CONN's queue and, if
   SHOW_MESSAGES is provided and true, prints a message to CONN listing the
   flushed lines, if any.  This makes it possible to flush an input queue from
   within verb code.  (Thanks to Seth Rich for pointing out this issue.)
-- An un-logged-in connection can now only `log in' (via $do_login_command()
   returning a valid player object) if the network connection is actually still
   open.  In particular, the following cases, which used to cause panics, now
   have no effect aside from the obvious calls to $do_login_command():
	1) Something opens a connection, sends input that would log it in, and
	   then closes the connection before the server has had time to run the
	   $do_login_command() task that would log it in.
	2) Someone executes `force_input(CONN, LINE)' where CONN is negative
	   and LINE would log in an un-logged-in connection.
   (Thanks to Dave Kormann for reporting this bug.)
-- Changed the definition of value_bytes() to make it more intuitive to users.
   Now, value_bytes() always returns a non-zero value, since *every* MOO value
   requires *some* memory in order to be represented.  (Thanks to several
   members of the MOO-Cows mailing list for the discussion that led to this.)
-- Fixed disassemble() to properly print the mnemonic for the PUSH_LABEL
   instruction.  (Thanks to Brian Buchanan for reporting this bug.)

Version 1.8.0p4, 18 April 1996
-- Fixed potential memory-smash bug in the parsing of a misplaced `$'
   expression.  (Thanks to Brack for reporting this.)
-- Fixed odd choice of errors raised by chparent(A, B); it used to raise E_PERM
   when A was not valid or B was neither valid nor equal to #-1.  It now raises
   E_INVARG in these cases.
-- Fixed *really* nasty bug in the way the $bf_FOO() overrides for protected
   built-in functions were implemented.  The first (and least nasty!) effect
   was a potential memory smash and/or server panic if you killed a task that
   was in the middle of a call to some $bf_FOO().  (Thanks to slayer@kaiwan.com
   for reporting this effect of the bug and thereby ruining the rest of my day,
   spent tracking down and trying to cope with the *rest* of the effects.)  The
   more subtle and terrifying effect is given below.
   ********** There was a serious bug in versions 1.8.0 through 1.8.0p3 of the
   ** NOTE ** server that could cause a database written by such a server to be
   ********** read back in incorrectly and, in some cases, *undetectably*,
   causing one or more bad effects outlined below.  One of the potential
   effects, perhaps the most serious one, *is* detectable and fixable; release
   1.8.0p4 of the server detects and fixes this problem during loading.  If it
   discovers/fixes an instance of the problem, it also prints a warning message
   into the log.
   ----------------------------------------------------------------------------
   NOTE PLEASE: As described below, most databases will NOT be at risk from ANY
   of the potential problems.  I only describe them in this much detail to make
   sure that all POSSIBLE cases are disclosed.
   ----------------------------------------------------------------------------
      In a nutshell, the problem is that the server can write out a database
   file that, on reloading, makes it look as if an overridden built-in function
   (i.e., one that is made wiz-only by a $server_options.protect_FOO property
   and then overridden by a $bf_FOO() verb) *made a verb call* to $bf_FOO()
   instead of being *replaced* by that verb.  This would be in the saved state
   of some task that was suspended at the time the database file was written.
   This means that, after the task resumes and the call to $bf_FOO() returns,
   the built-in function implementation could be re-entered in a very confused
   state.  This confusion could have the following effects:
	1) A function that never actually calls a verb (i.e., almost any of the
	   current built-in functions) could mistake $bf_FOO()'s returned value
	   for an argument list and smash memory all over the server.
	   (Fortunately, this is the detectable and fixable case mentioned
	   above; therefore, this effect cannot happen under 1.8.0p4.)
	2) The eval() function could end up wrapping an extra {1, ...} around
	   the correct returned value.  That is, instead of returning {F, V} as
	   it should, it would return {1, {F, V}} in this case.
	3) The create() function could return a different object number from
	   the correct one; in particular, it could return an invalid or even
	   negative object number.
	4) The recycle() function could recycle the wrong object, without
	   checking permissions and without calling that object's :recycle
	   verb, and/or leave the correct object unrecycled.
	5) The move() function could move the wrong object to the wrong
	   destination and/or leave the correct object where it was.
   If you reboot your server under 1.8.0p4, I believe that effect (1) above is
   completely prevented and that, in effects (4) and (5), the function in
   question is extremely unlikely to operate on the wrong object.  If you are
   actually at risk from any of these effects (see below), then by far the most
   likely cases are as follows:
	1) Not possible.
	2) The eval() function will have the full effect given above.
	3) The create() function will have the full effect given above.
	4) The correct object will not actually be recycled, even though its
	   :recycle verb will have been called.
	5) The correct object will not actually be moved, even though the
	   destination's :accept verb will have been called.
   >>> NOT ALL DATABASES ARE AT RISK FROM THESE EFFECTS <<<
      For a database to be at risk, all of the following must be true:
	a) One or more of the functions eval(), create(), recycle(), or move()
	   must have been made wiz-only via the $server_options.protect_FOO
	   property, for the appropriate FOO.
	b) Such a function must have been overridden by a $bf_FOO() verb.
	c) It must have been possible for the code of the $bf_FOO() verb (or
	   any code it calls) to call suspend().
	d) The database file must have been written to disk (i.e., either via a
	   checkpoint or a shutdown or a panic) during the time that (a) and
	   (b) were true and while the call to $bf_FOO() was suspended.
	e) You must be restarting your server from the database mentioned in
	   point (d).
   Even in a database that is at risk, it is only at risk for the effects of
   the specific function(s) for which all of points (a) through (e) are true.
   For example, if you have never protected and overridden the move() function,
   then your database is not at risk for effect (5).
     These facts imply that, if your server might be at risk but is still
   running under 1.8.0p3 or earlier, you may be able to remove the risk before
   shutting down, by making one or more of points (a) through (e) false.  For
   example, you might be able to stop overriding one of the functions in
   question and then wait until there are no longer any suspended tasks inside
   calls to the appropriate $bf_FOO() verb.
      >>> WARNING: Do NOT attempt to kill such a suspended task in order to
		   remove the risk from your system; this would trigger the bug
		   mentioned at the top of this release note, quite possibly
		   panicking your server.
   Naturally, I am dismayed at both the existence of this bug and at the fact
   that I cannot guarantee even those not yet bitten by it that they can avoid
   eventually losing.  This is the first time I can recall this sort of thing
   happening in the entire time LambdaMOO has existed.  Just my luck, just as
   I'm about to retire... :-(

Version 1.8.0p5, 12 May 1996
-- Fixed two memory leaks, one triggered every time `match()' was called with a
   malformed pattern and the other every time `add_verb()' was called at all.
   (Thanks to Gustavo Glusman for putting me onto the trail of the first one.)
-- Fixed mis-initialization of the value of the "client-echo" connection
   option.  (Thanks to Wisquatuk for reporting this.)
-- Fixed backward-compatibility problem in 1.8.0 where the semantically
   erroneous but syntactically correct expression
	-"a string"
   stopped even compiling, let alone running.  (Thanks to Seth Rich for
   pointing this out.)
-- Fixed another backward-compatibility problem in which the (again)
   semantically erroneous but syntactically correct expression
	36789.foo
   (an understandable typo for #6789.foo) stopped compiling when found in a
   database made by a pre-1.8.0 server.

Version 1.8.0p6
-- New maintainer: Erik Ostrom
-- Fixed bug where Pattern.ptr->fastmap was  allocated with mymalloc()
   but freed with free().  (Thanks to Ben Jackson for report and fix.)
-- Fixed bug where passing E_NONE as the second arg to resume() would
   produce unintuitive results, including server crashes.  In the
   next version of the server, resuming with an error value may
   make the suspended task _resume_ with it, rather than raising it.
   A facility would be provided for raising errors in suspended tasks.
   Thanks to Bill Carter, by way of Eric Mercer, for the report.
-- Fixed memory leak--free_program didn't free float literals correctly.
   (Thanks to Brian Buchanan for report and fix.)
-- Fixed bug where force_input() didn't work on non-connected objects.
   (Report from Joe Shaw, fix from Pavel.)
-- Fixed bug where toint() accepted arguments that were not
   syntactically correct (e.g., "-+5", "- 3").  Report from tijmen@dse.nl.

Version 1.8.1, 10 January 2000
-- New maintainers: Ben Jackson (ben@ben.com) and Jay Carlson (nop@nop.com)
-- No significant user-visible changes to server behavior.
-- Many internal memory usage bugs fixed.
-- Server is significantly (200-400%) faster.
-- Merged rX series of patches.
**** Changes significant to programmers, wizards, and people compiling
     the server follow:
-- After modifying properties on $server_options, wizards must call
   the new built-in function `load_server_options()'.  Changes made
   may not take effect until this function is called.  This allows the
   server to cache option values internally; this significantly speeds
   up built-in function invocation.
-- The server now caches verbname-to-Program lookups.  See README.rX
   for details.  Two new built-in functions, `log_cache_stats()' and
   `verb_cache_stats()' allow wizards to peer into verb cache
   statistics.
-- options.h now #defines IGNORE_PROP_PROTECTED by default.  If it is
   defined, the server ignores all attempts to protect built-in
   properties (such as $server_options.protect_location).  Protecting
   properties is a significant performance hit, and most MOOs do not
   use this functionality.
-- The default input and output buffer sizes in options.h are now 64k.
-- As the server loads the database, it "interns" all strings it
   encounters, ensuring there initially will be one and only one
   in-memory copy of each unique string.  This saves significant
   amounts of memory for many medium and large databases---20-30% on
   JHM.  The table used to uniquify strings is discarded after the
   database is loaded, but depending on the OS memory allocation
   strategy, the full savings may not be apparent through tools like
   "ps" and "top".  Unused process space simply will be swapped out by
   the OS over time.
-- MOO code operations that manipulate lists now avoid copying the old
   list value in some situations.  For example, `l[a] = b' will be
   significantly faster for long lists, if `l' is the only reference
   to the underlying list. This optimization can only be done outside
   of error-handling expressions and `try' statements.  However, see
   the notes in options.h on BYTECODE_REDUCE_REF for information on
   the upgrade procedure currently required for safely enabling this.
-- The server now declares some C functions as "static inline".  If
   your C compiler doesn't understand this gcc-style declaration, add
   "-Dinline=" to CFLAGS in the Makefile.  (This gross requirement
   will go away once we upgrade to modern autoconf scripts.)
-- There's primitive support for the 32-bit memory model for reducing
   memory usage on the DEC Alpha using DEC cc.  See
   SHORT_ALPHA_VAR_POINTERS in structures.h.
**** Critical changes significant to server hackers follow:
-- All C source code was processed with GNU indent using the settings
   in the file `.indent.pro'.  This is an attempt to normalize coding
   style.  This also breaks patch files against 1.8.0p6.
-- The Memory_Type passed to mymalloc is now more significant.  In
   particular, use of M_STRING as the typing for `void *' will break
   your code, due to poor interactions with the new reference counting
   system and alignment restrictions.  Only use M_STRING for strings.
   To allocate a new kind of storage with mymalloc(), add a new type
   name to the Memory_Type enum in storage.h.  (You can currently get
   away with reusing a type like M_VM, but this may break eventually.)
-- Server hackers should read README.rX for more information on
   changes to server internals.

Version 1.8.2, in progress
-- several fixes for warnings, wrong use of free() vs myfree(), etc.
-- fixes to support modern toolchains (bison, autoconf, ...)
-- SF bug #227620: add_verb() now returns (positive integer) verb index
-- SF bug #887464: fixed a bug in the server's startup processing, in which it
   scans for unknown built-in functions in active verbs (Thanks luke-jr and
   Gavin Lambert for reports and patches.)
-- Admins can trade faster startup for increased memory consumption by
   disabling STRING_INTERNING in options.h
-- bf_crypt() passes salts longer than 2 characters to the C crypt() function
-- bf_queued_tasks() entries include a 10th element (size of the task in bytes)
-- bf_open_network_connection() accepts an optional third argument that
   associates a specific listener object with the new connection.  This
   simplifies a lot of outbound connection management.
-- Added new connection option `intrinsic-commands'
-- Added `-a SOURCE-ADDRESS' command-line option, to bind and listen on a
   specific interface, instead of all interfaces
-- Added `+O/-O' command-line options, to enable/disable outbound networking.
   Admins still set the default behaviour at compile-time in options.h
-- Server will report progress every few seconds (rather than every 10k objects)
   during potentially long-running operations (loading, validating, writing)
-- New "out of band" command handling behaviour:
   -- non-blocking read() now only grabs in-band lines
   -- `hold-input' connection option no longer hold out-of-band lines
   -- out-of-band line handling will no longer mess with binary input lines
   -- added new connection option `disable-oob'
-- A new OUT_OF_BAND_QUOTE_PREFIX is added; any player input lines that begin
   with this string will be stripped of this prefix and processed normally, even
   if the resulting line begins with OUT_OF_BAND_PREFIX.  This provides a means
   of quoting lines that would otherwise trigger do_out_of_band_command.
**** Changes relevant to server hackers:
-- New call_verb2() accepts verb name that is a MOO string (ie, str_ref-able)
-- str_hash() replaced with a faster (and better?) string hash function