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* initramfs: fix populate_initrd_image() section mismatchGeert Uytterhoeven2019-06-291-2/+2
| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | With gcc-4.6.3: WARNING: vmlinux.o(.text.unlikely+0x140): Section mismatch in reference from the function populate_initrd_image() to the variable .init.ramfs.info:__initramfs_size The function populate_initrd_image() references the variable __init __initramfs_size. This is often because populate_initrd_image lacks a __init annotation or the annotation of __initramfs_size is wrong. WARNING: vmlinux.o(.text.unlikely+0x14c): Section mismatch in reference from the function populate_initrd_image() to the function .init.text:unpack_to_rootfs() The function populate_initrd_image() references the function __init unpack_to_rootfs(). This is often because populate_initrd_image lacks a __init annotation or the annotation of unpack_to_rootfs is wrong. WARNING: vmlinux.o(.text.unlikely+0x198): Section mismatch in reference from the function populate_initrd_image() to the function .init.text:xwrite() The function populate_initrd_image() references the function __init xwrite(). This is often because populate_initrd_image lacks a __init annotation or the annotation of xwrite is wrong. Indeed, if the compiler decides not to inline populate_initrd_image(), a warning is generated. Fix this by adding the missing __init annotations. Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20190617074340.12779-1-geert@linux-m68k.org Fixes: 7c184ecd262fe64f ("initramfs: factor out a helper to populate the initrd image") Signed-off-by: Geert Uytterhoeven <geert@linux-m68k.org> Reviewed-by: Christoph Hellwig <hch@lst.de> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
* Merge tag 'char-misc-5.2-rc4' of ↵Linus Torvalds2019-06-081-9/+8
|\ | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/gregkh/char-misc Pull char/misc driver fixes from Greg KH: "Here are some small char and misc driver fixes for 5.2-rc4 to resolve a number of reported issues. The most "notable" one here is the kernel headers in proc^Wsysfs fixes. Those changes move the header file info into sysfs and fixes the build issues that you reported. Other than that, a bunch of small habanalabs driver fixes, some fpga driver fixes, and a few other tiny driver fixes. All of these have been in linux-next for a while with no reported issues" * tag 'char-misc-5.2-rc4' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/gregkh/char-misc: habanalabs: Read upper bits of trace buffer from RWPHI habanalabs: Fix virtual address access via debugfs for 2MB pages fpga: zynqmp-fpga: Correctly handle error pointer habanalabs: fix bug in checking huge page optimization habanalabs: Avoid using a non-initialized MMU cache mutex habanalabs: fix debugfs code uapi/habanalabs: add opcode for enable/disable device debug mode habanalabs: halt debug engines on user process close test_firmware: Use correct snprintf() limit genwqe: Prevent an integer overflow in the ioctl parport: Fix mem leak in parport_register_dev_model fpga: dfl: expand minor range when registering chrdev region fpga: dfl: Add lockdep classes for pdata->lock fpga: dfl: afu: Pass the correct device to dma_mapping_error() fpga: stratix10-soc: fix use-after-free on s10_init() w1: ds2408: Fix typo after 49695ac46861 (reset on output_write retry with readback) kheaders: Do not regenerate archive if config is not changed kheaders: Move from proc to sysfs lkdtm/bugs: Adjust recursion test to avoid elision lkdtm/usercopy: Moves the KERNEL_DS test to non-canonical
| * kheaders: Move from proc to sysfsJoel Fernandes (Google)2019-05-241-9/+8
| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | The kheaders archive consisting of the kernel headers used for compiling bpf programs is in /proc. However there is concern that moving it here will make it permanent. Let us move it to /sys/kernel as discussed [1]. [1] https://lore.kernel.org/patchwork/patch/1067310/#1265969 Suggested-by: Steven Rostedt <rostedt@goodmis.org> Signed-off-by: Joel Fernandes (Google) <joel@joelfernandes.org> Signed-off-by: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>
* | treewide: Replace GPLv2 boilerplate/reference with SPDX - rule 167Thomas Gleixner2019-05-301-13/+1
| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | Based on 1 normalized pattern(s): this program is free software you can redistribute it and or modify it under the terms of the gnu general public license as published by the free software foundation version 2 of the license this program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful but without any warranty without even the implied warranty of merchantability or fitness for a particular purpose see the gnu general public license for more details you should have received a copy of the gnu general public license along with this program if not write to the free software foundation inc 59 temple place suite 330 boston ma 02111 1307 usa extracted by the scancode license scanner the SPDX license identifier GPL-2.0-only has been chosen to replace the boilerplate/reference in 83 file(s). Signed-off-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de> Reviewed-by: Richard Fontana <rfontana@redhat.com> Reviewed-by: Kate Stewart <kstewart@linuxfoundation.org> Reviewed-by: Allison Randal <allison@lohutok.net> Cc: linux-spdx@vger.kernel.org Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/20190527070034.021731668@linutronix.de Signed-off-by: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>
* | treewide: Add SPDX license identifier - Makefile/KconfigThomas Gleixner2019-05-211-0/+1
| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | Add SPDX license identifiers to all Make/Kconfig files which: - Have no license information of any form These files fall under the project license, GPL v2 only. The resulting SPDX license identifier is: GPL-2.0-only Signed-off-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de> Signed-off-by: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>
* | treewide: Add SPDX license identifier for missed filesThomas Gleixner2019-05-213-0/+3
|/ | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | Add SPDX license identifiers to all files which: - Have no license information of any form - Have EXPORT_.*_SYMBOL_GPL inside which was used in the initial scan/conversion to ignore the file These files fall under the project license, GPL v2 only. The resulting SPDX license identifier is: GPL-2.0-only Signed-off-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de> Signed-off-by: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>
* initramfs: don't free a non-existent initrdSteven Price2019-05-181-1/+1
| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | Since commit 54c7a8916a88 ("initramfs: free initrd memory if opening /initrd.image fails"), the kernel has unconditionally attempted to free the initrd even if it doesn't exist. In the non-existent case this causes a boot-time splat if CONFIG_DEBUG_VIRTUAL is enabled due to a call to virt_to_phys() with a NULL address. Instead we should check that the initrd actually exists and only attempt to free it if it does. Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20190516143125.48948-1-steven.price@arm.com Fixes: 54c7a8916a88 ("initramfs: free initrd memory if opening /initrd.image fails") Signed-off-by: Steven Price <steven.price@arm.com> Reported-by: Mark Rutland <mark.rutland@arm.com> Tested-by: Mark Rutland <mark.rutland@arm.com> Reviewed-by: Mike Rapoport <rppt@linux.ibm.com> Cc: Christoph Hellwig <hch@lst.de> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
* mm: shuffle initial free memory to improve memory-side-cache utilizationDan Williams2019-05-141-0/+24
| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | Patch series "mm: Randomize free memory", v10. This patch (of 3): Randomization of the page allocator improves the average utilization of a direct-mapped memory-side-cache. Memory side caching is a platform capability that Linux has been previously exposed to in HPC (high-performance computing) environments on specialty platforms. In that instance it was a smaller pool of high-bandwidth-memory relative to higher-capacity / lower-bandwidth DRAM. Now, this capability is going to be found on general purpose server platforms where DRAM is a cache in front of higher latency persistent memory [1]. Robert offered an explanation of the state of the art of Linux interactions with memory-side-caches [2], and I copy it here: It's been a problem in the HPC space: http://www.nersc.gov/research-and-development/knl-cache-mode-performance-coe/ A kernel module called zonesort is available to try to help: https://software.intel.com/en-us/articles/xeon-phi-software and this abandoned patch series proposed that for the kernel: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/20170823100205.17311-1-lukasz.daniluk@intel.com Dan's patch series doesn't attempt to ensure buffers won't conflict, but also reduces the chance that the buffers will. This will make performance more consistent, albeit slower than "optimal" (which is near impossible to attain in a general-purpose kernel). That's better than forcing users to deploy remedies like: "To eliminate this gradual degradation, we have added a Stream measurement to the Node Health Check that follows each job; nodes are rebooted whenever their measured memory bandwidth falls below 300 GB/s." A replacement for zonesort was merged upstream in commit cc9aec03e58f ("x86/numa_emulation: Introduce uniform split capability"). With this numa_emulation capability, memory can be split into cache sized ("near-memory" sized) numa nodes. A bind operation to such a node, and disabling workloads on other nodes, enables full cache performance. However, once the workload exceeds the cache size then cache conflicts are unavoidable. While HPC environments might be able to tolerate time-scheduling of cache sized workloads, for general purpose server platforms, the oversubscribed cache case will be the common case. The worst case scenario is that a server system owner benchmarks a workload at boot with an un-contended cache only to see that performance degrade over time, even below the average cache performance due to excessive conflicts. Randomization clips the peaks and fills in the valleys of cache utilization to yield steady average performance. Here are some performance impact details of the patches: 1/ An Intel internal synthetic memory bandwidth measurement tool, saw a 3X speedup in a contrived case that tries to force cache conflicts. The contrived cased used the numa_emulation capability to force an instance of the benchmark to be run in two of the near-memory sized numa nodes. If both instances were placed on the same emulated they would fit and cause zero conflicts. While on separate emulated nodes without randomization they underutilized the cache and conflicted unnecessarily due to the in-order allocation per node. 2/ A well known Java server application benchmark was run with a heap size that exceeded cache size by 3X. The cache conflict rate was 8% for the first run and degraded to 21% after page allocator aging. With randomization enabled the rate levelled out at 11%. 3/ A MongoDB workload did not observe measurable difference in cache-conflict rates, but the overall throughput dropped by 7% with randomization in one case. 4/ Mel Gorman ran his suite of performance workloads with randomization enabled on platforms without a memory-side-cache and saw a mix of some improvements and some losses [3]. While there is potentially significant improvement for applications that depend on low latency access across a wide working-set, the performance may be negligible to negative for other workloads. For this reason the shuffle capability defaults to off unless a direct-mapped memory-side-cache is detected. Even then, the page_alloc.shuffle=0 parameter can be specified to disable the randomization on those systems. Outside of memory-side-cache utilization concerns there is potentially security benefit from randomization. Some data exfiltration and return-oriented-programming attacks rely on the ability to infer the location of sensitive data objects. The kernel page allocator, especially early in system boot, has predictable first-in-first out behavior for physical pages. Pages are freed in physical address order when first onlined. Quoting Kees: "While we already have a base-address randomization (CONFIG_RANDOMIZE_MEMORY), attacks against the same hardware and memory layouts would certainly be using the predictability of allocation ordering (i.e. for attacks where the base address isn't important: only the relative positions between allocated memory). This is common in lots of heap-style attacks. They try to gain control over ordering by spraying allocations, etc. I'd really like to see this because it gives us something similar to CONFIG_SLAB_FREELIST_RANDOM but for the page allocator." While SLAB_FREELIST_RANDOM reduces the predictability of some local slab caches it leaves vast bulk of memory to be predictably in order allocated. However, it should be noted, the concrete security benefits are hard to quantify, and no known CVE is mitigated by this randomization. Introduce shuffle_free_memory(), and its helper shuffle_zone(), to perform a Fisher-Yates shuffle of the page allocator 'free_area' lists when they are initially populated with free memory at boot and at hotplug time. Do this based on either the presence of a page_alloc.shuffle=Y command line parameter, or autodetection of a memory-side-cache (to be added in a follow-on patch). The shuffling is done in terms of CONFIG_SHUFFLE_PAGE_ORDER sized free pages where the default CONFIG_SHUFFLE_PAGE_ORDER is MAX_ORDER-1 i.e. 10, 4MB this trades off randomization granularity for time spent shuffling. MAX_ORDER-1 was chosen to be minimally invasive to the page allocator while still showing memory-side cache behavior improvements, and the expectation that the security implications of finer granularity randomization is mitigated by CONFIG_SLAB_FREELIST_RANDOM. The performance impact of the shuffling appears to be in the noise compared to other memory initialization work. This initial randomization can be undone over time so a follow-on patch is introduced to inject entropy on page free decisions. It is reasonable to ask if the page free entropy is sufficient, but it is not enough due to the in-order initial freeing of pages. At the start of that process putting page1 in front or behind page0 still keeps them close together, page2 is still near page1 and has a high chance of being adjacent. As more pages are added ordering diversity improves, but there is still high page locality for the low address pages and this leads to no significant impact to the cache conflict rate. [1]: https://itpeernetwork.intel.com/intel-optane-dc-persistent-memory-operating-modes/ [2]: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/AT5PR8401MB1169D656C8B5E121752FC0F8AB120@AT5PR8401MB1169.NAMPRD84.PROD.OUTLOOK.COM [3]: https://lkml.org/lkml/2018/10/12/309 [dan.j.williams@intel.com: fix shuffle enable] Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/154943713038.3858443.4125180191382062871.stgit@dwillia2-desk3.amr.corp.intel.com [cai@lca.pw: fix SHUFFLE_PAGE_ALLOCATOR help texts] Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20190425201300.75650-1-cai@lca.pw Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/154899811738.3165233.12325692939590944259.stgit@dwillia2-desk3.amr.corp.intel.com Signed-off-by: Dan Williams <dan.j.williams@intel.com> Signed-off-by: Qian Cai <cai@lca.pw> Reviewed-by: Kees Cook <keescook@chromium.org> Acked-by: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.com> Cc: Dave Hansen <dave.hansen@linux.intel.com> Cc: Keith Busch <keith.busch@intel.com> Cc: Robert Elliott <elliott@hpe.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
* init: free_initmem: poison freed init memoryMike Rapoport2019-05-141-1/+1
| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | Various architectures including x86 poison the freed init memory. Do the same in the generic free_initmem implementation and switch sparc32 architecture that is identical to the generic code over to it now. Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/1550515285-17446-4-git-send-email-rppt@linux.ibm.com Signed-off-by: Mike Rapoport <rppt@linux.ibm.com> Reviewed-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Cc: Christoph Hellwig <hch@lst.de> Cc: Palmer Dabbelt <palmer@sifive.com> Cc: Richard Kuo <rkuo@codeaurora.org> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
* init: provide a generic free_initmem implementationMike Rapoport2019-05-141-0/+5
| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | Patch series "provide a generic free_initmem implementation", v2. Many architectures implement free_initmem() in exactly the same or very similar way: they wrap the call to free_initmem_default() with sometimes different 'poison' parameter. These patches switch those architectures to use a generic implementation that does free_initmem_default(POISON_FREE_INITMEM). This was inspired by Christoph's patches for free_initrd_mem [1] and I shamelessly copied changelog entries from his patches :) [1] https://lore.kernel.org/lkml/20190213174621.29297-1-hch@lst.de/ This patch (of 2): For most architectures free_initmem just a wrapper for the same free_initmem_default(-1) call. Provide that as a generic implementation marked __weak. Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/1550515285-17446-2-git-send-email-rppt@linux.ibm.com Signed-off-by: Mike Rapoport <rppt@linux.ibm.com> Reviewed-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Cc: Christoph Hellwig <hch@lst.de> Cc: Palmer Dabbelt <palmer@sifive.com> Cc: Richard Kuo <rkuo@codeaurora.org> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
* initramfs: poison freed initrd memoryChristoph Hellwig2019-05-141-1/+2
| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | Various architectures including x86 poison the freed initrd memory. Do the same in the generic free_initrd_mem implementation and switch a few more architectures that are identical to the generic code over to it now. Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20190213174621.29297-9-hch@lst.de Signed-off-by: Christoph Hellwig <hch@lst.de> Acked-by: Mike Rapoport <rppt@linux.ibm.com> Cc: Catalin Marinas <catalin.marinas@arm.com> [arm64] Cc: Geert Uytterhoeven <geert@linux-m68k.org> [m68k] Cc: Steven Price <steven.price@arm.com> Cc: Alexander Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk> Cc: Guan Xuetao <gxt@pku.edu.cn> Cc: Russell King <linux@armlinux.org.uk> Cc: Will Deacon <will.deacon@arm.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
* initramfs: provide a generic free_initrd_mem implementationChristoph Hellwig2019-05-141-0/+5
| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | For most architectures free_initrd_mem just expands to the same free_reserved_area call. Provide that as a generic implementation marked __weak. Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20190213174621.29297-8-hch@lst.de Signed-off-by: Christoph Hellwig <hch@lst.de> Acked-by: Geert Uytterhoeven <geert@linux-m68k.org> [m68k] Acked-by: Mike Rapoport <rppt@linux.ibm.com> Cc: Catalin Marinas <catalin.marinas@arm.com> [arm64] Cc: Steven Price <steven.price@arm.com> Cc: Alexander Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk> Cc: Guan Xuetao <gxt@pku.edu.cn> Cc: Russell King <linux@armlinux.org.uk> Cc: Will Deacon <will.deacon@arm.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
* initramfs: move the legacy keepinitrd parameter to core codeChristoph Hellwig2019-05-141-0/+9
| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | No need to handle the freeing disable in arch code when we already have a core hook (and a different name for the option) for it. Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20190213174621.29297-7-hch@lst.de Signed-off-by: Christoph Hellwig <hch@lst.de> Acked-by: Catalin Marinas <catalin.marinas@arm.com> [arm64] Acked-by: Mike Rapoport <rppt@linux.ibm.com> Cc: Geert Uytterhoeven <geert@linux-m68k.org> [m68k] Cc: Steven Price <steven.price@arm.com> Cc: Alexander Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk> Cc: Guan Xuetao <gxt@pku.edu.cn> Cc: Russell King <linux@armlinux.org.uk> Cc: Will Deacon <will.deacon@arm.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
* initramfs: cleanup populate_rootfsChristoph Hellwig2019-05-141-17/+20
| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | The code for kernels that support ramdisks or not is mostly the same. Unify it by using an IS_ENABLED for the info message, and moving the error message into a stub for populate_initrd_image. [cai@lca.pw: fix a compilation error] Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20190328014806.36375-1-cai@lca.pw Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20190213174621.29297-6-hch@lst.de Signed-off-by: Christoph Hellwig <hch@lst.de> Signed-off-by: Qian Cai <cai@lca.pw> Acked-by: Mike Rapoport <rppt@linux.ibm.com> Cc: Catalin Marinas <catalin.marinas@arm.com> [arm64] Cc: Geert Uytterhoeven <geert@linux-m68k.org> [m68k] Cc: Steven Price <steven.price@arm.com> Cc: Alexander Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk> Cc: Guan Xuetao <gxt@pku.edu.cn> Cc: Russell King <linux@armlinux.org.uk> Cc: Will Deacon <will.deacon@arm.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
* initramfs: factor out a helper to populate the initrd imageChristoph Hellwig2019-05-141-17/+23
| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | This will allow for cleaner code sharing in the caller. Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20190213174621.29297-5-hch@lst.de Signed-off-by: Christoph Hellwig <hch@lst.de> Acked-by: Mike Rapoport <rppt@linux.ibm.com> Cc: Catalin Marinas <catalin.marinas@arm.com> [arm64] Cc: Geert Uytterhoeven <geert@linux-m68k.org> [m68k] Cc: Steven Price <steven.price@arm.com> Cc: Alexander Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk> Cc: Guan Xuetao <gxt@pku.edu.cn> Cc: Russell King <linux@armlinux.org.uk> Cc: Will Deacon <will.deacon@arm.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
* initramfs: cleanup initrd freeingChristoph Hellwig2019-05-141-23/+30
| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | Factor the kexec logic into a separate helper, and then inline the rest of free_initrd into the only caller. Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20190213174621.29297-4-hch@lst.de Signed-off-by: Christoph Hellwig <hch@lst.de> Acked-by: Mike Rapoport <rppt@linux.ibm.com> Cc: Catalin Marinas <catalin.marinas@arm.com> [arm64] Cc: Geert Uytterhoeven <geert@linux-m68k.org> [m68k] Cc: Steven Price <steven.price@arm.com> Cc: Alexander Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk> Cc: Guan Xuetao <gxt@pku.edu.cn> Cc: Russell King <linux@armlinux.org.uk> Cc: Will Deacon <will.deacon@arm.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
* initramfs: free initrd memory if opening /initrd.image failsChristoph Hellwig2019-05-141-8/+6
| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | Patch series "initramfs tidyups". I've spent some time chasing down behavior in initramfs and found plenty of opportunity to improve the code. A first stab on that is contained in this series. This patch (of 7): We free the initrd memory for all successful or error cases except for the case where opening /initrd.image fails, which looks like an oversight. Steven said: : This also changes the behaviour when CONFIG_INITRAMFS_FORCE is enabled : - specifically it means that the initrd is freed (previously it was : ignored and never freed). But that seems like reasonable behaviour and : the previous behaviour looks like another oversight. Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20190213174621.29297-3-hch@lst.de Signed-off-by: Christoph Hellwig <hch@lst.de> Reviewed-by: Steven Price <steven.price@arm.com> Acked-by: Mike Rapoport <rppt@linux.ibm.com> Cc: Catalin Marinas <catalin.marinas@arm.com> [arm64] Cc: Geert Uytterhoeven <geert@linux-m68k.org> [m68k] Cc: Alexander Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk> Cc: Russell King <linux@armlinux.org.uk> Cc: Will Deacon <will.deacon@arm.com> Cc: Guan Xuetao <gxt@pku.edu.cn> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
* Merge tag 'random_for_linus' of ↵Linus Torvalds2019-05-071-7/+14
|\ | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/tytso/random Pull randomness updates from Ted Ts'o: - initialize the random driver earler - fix CRNG initialization when we trust the CPU's RNG on NUMA systems - other miscellaneous cleanups and fixes. * tag 'random_for_linus' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/tytso/random: random: add a spinlock_t to struct batched_entropy random: document get_random_int() family random: fix CRNG initialization when random.trust_cpu=1 random: move rand_initialize() earlier random: only read from /dev/random after its pool has received 128 bits drivers/char/random.c: make primary_crng static drivers/char/random.c: remove unused stuct poolinfo::poolbits drivers/char/random.c: constify poolinfo_table
| * random: move rand_initialize() earlierKees Cook2019-04-191-7/+14
| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | Right now rand_initialize() is run as an early_initcall(), but it only depends on timekeeping_init() (for mixing ktime_get_real() into the pools). However, the call to boot_init_stack_canary() for stack canary initialization runs earlier, which triggers a warning at boot: random: get_random_bytes called from start_kernel+0x357/0x548 with crng_init=0 Instead, this moves rand_initialize() to after timekeeping_init(), and moves canary initialization here as well. Note that this warning may still remain for machines that do not have UEFI RNG support (which initializes the RNG pools during setup_arch()), or for x86 machines without RDRAND (or booting without "random.trust=on" or CONFIG_RANDOM_TRUST_CPU=y). Signed-off-by: Kees Cook <keescook@chromium.org> Signed-off-by: Theodore Ts'o <tytso@mit.edu>
* | Merge tag 'driver-core-5.2-rc1' of ↵Linus Torvalds2019-05-071-1/+10
|\ \ | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/gregkh/driver-core Pull driver core/kobject updates from Greg KH: "Here is the "big" set of driver core patches for 5.2-rc1 There are a number of ACPI patches in here as well, as Rafael said they should go through this tree due to the driver core changes they required. They have all been acked by the ACPI developers. There are also a number of small subsystem-specific changes in here, due to some changes to the kobject core code. Those too have all been acked by the various subsystem maintainers. As for content, it's pretty boring outside of the ACPI changes: - spdx cleanups - kobject documentation updates - default attribute groups for kobjects - other minor kobject/driver core fixes All have been in linux-next for a while with no reported issues" * tag 'driver-core-5.2-rc1' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/gregkh/driver-core: (47 commits) kobject: clean up the kobject add documentation a bit more kobject: Fix kernel-doc comment first line kobject: Remove docstring reference to kset firmware_loader: Fix a typo ("syfs" -> "sysfs") kobject: fix dereference before null check on kobj Revert "driver core: platform: Fix the usage of platform device name(pdev->name)" init/config: Do not select BUILD_BIN2C for IKCONFIG Provide in-kernel headers to make extending kernel easier kobject: Improve doc clarity kobject_init_and_add() kobject: Improve docs for kobject_add/del driver core: platform: Fix the usage of platform device name(pdev->name) livepatch: Replace klp_ktype_patch's default_attrs with groups cpufreq: schedutil: Replace default_attrs field with groups padata: Replace padata_attr_type default_attrs field with groups irqdesc: Replace irq_kobj_type's default_attrs field with groups net-sysfs: Replace ktype default_attrs field with groups block: Replace all ktype default_attrs with groups samples/kobject: Replace foo_ktype's default_attrs field with groups kobject: Add support for default attribute groups to kobj_type driver core: Postpone DMA tear-down until after devres release for probe failure ...
| * | init/config: Do not select BUILD_BIN2C for IKCONFIGJoel Fernandes (Google)2019-04-291-1/+0
| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | Since commit 13610aa908dc ("kernel/configs: use .incbin directive to embed config_data.gz"), IKCONFIG no longer uses BUILD_BIN2C so prevent it from being selected in Kconfig. Reviewed-by: Masahiro Yamada <yamada.masahiro@socionext.com> Signed-off-by: Joel Fernandes (Google) <joel@joelfernandes.org> Signed-off-by: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>
| * | Provide in-kernel headers to make extending kernel easierJoel Fernandes (Google)2019-04-291-0/+10
| |/ | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | Introduce in-kernel headers which are made available as an archive through proc (/proc/kheaders.tar.xz file). This archive makes it possible to run eBPF and other tracing programs that need to extend the kernel for tracing purposes without any dependency on the file system having headers. A github PR is sent for the corresponding BCC patch at: https://github.com/iovisor/bcc/pull/2312 On Android and embedded systems, it is common to switch kernels but not have kernel headers available on the file system. Further once a different kernel is booted, any headers stored on the file system will no longer be useful. This is an issue even well known to distros. By storing the headers as a compressed archive within the kernel, we can avoid these issues that have been a hindrance for a long time. The best way to use this feature is by building it in. Several users have a need for this, when they switch debug kernels, they do not want to update the filesystem or worry about it where to store the headers on it. However, the feature is also buildable as a module in case the user desires it not being part of the kernel image. This makes it possible to load and unload the headers from memory on demand. A tracing program can load the module, do its operations, and then unload the module to save kernel memory. The total memory needed is 3.3MB. By having the archive available at a fixed location independent of filesystem dependencies and conventions, all debugging tools can directly refer to the fixed location for the archive, without concerning with where the headers on a typical filesystem which significantly simplifies tooling that needs kernel headers. The code to read the headers is based on /proc/config.gz code and uses the same technique to embed the headers. Other approaches were discussed such as having an in-memory mountable filesystem, but that has drawbacks such as requiring an in-kernel xz decompressor which we don't have today, and requiring usage of 42 MB of kernel memory to host the decompressed headers at anytime. Also this approach is simpler than such approaches. Reviewed-by: Masahiro Yamada <yamada.masahiro@socionext.com> Signed-off-by: Joel Fernandes (Google) <joel@joelfernandes.org> Signed-off-by: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>
* | Merge tag 'pidfd-v5.2-rc1' of ↵Linus Torvalds2019-05-071-10/+0
|\ \ | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/brauner/linux Pull pidfd updates from Christian Brauner: "This patchset makes it possible to retrieve pidfds at process creation time by introducing the new flag CLONE_PIDFD to the clone() system call. Linus originally suggested to implement this as a new flag to clone() instead of making it a separate system call. After a thorough review from Oleg CLONE_PIDFD returns pidfds in the parent_tidptr argument. This means we can give back the associated pid and the pidfd at the same time. Access to process metadata information thus becomes rather trivial. As has been agreed, CLONE_PIDFD creates file descriptors based on anonymous inodes similar to the new mount api. They are made unconditional by this patchset as they are now needed by core kernel code (vfs, pidfd) even more than they already were before (timerfd, signalfd, io_uring, epoll etc.). The core patchset is rather small. The bulky looking changelist is caused by David's very simple changes to Kconfig to make anon inodes unconditional. A pidfd comes with additional information in fdinfo if the kernel supports procfs. The fdinfo file contains the pid of the process in the callers pid namespace in the same format as the procfs status file, i.e. "Pid:\t%d". To remove worries about missing metadata access this patchset comes with a sample/test program that illustrates how a combination of CLONE_PIDFD and pidfd_send_signal() can be used to gain race-free access to process metadata through /proc/<pid>. Further work based on this patchset has been done by Joel. His work makes pidfds pollable. It finished too late for this merge window. I would prefer to have it sitting in linux-next for a while and send it for inclusion during the 5.3 merge window" * tag 'pidfd-v5.2-rc1' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/brauner/linux: samples: show race-free pidfd metadata access signal: support CLONE_PIDFD with pidfd_send_signal clone: add CLONE_PIDFD Make anon_inodes unconditional
| * | Make anon_inodes unconditionalDavid Howells2019-04-191-10/+0
| |/ | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | Make the anon_inodes facility unconditional so that it can be used by core VFS code and pidfd code. Signed-off-by: David Howells <dhowells@redhat.com> Signed-off-by: Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk> [christian@brauner.io: adapt commit message to mention pidfds] Signed-off-by: Christian Brauner <christian@brauner.io>
* | Merge tag 'printk-for-5.2' of ↵Linus Torvalds2019-05-071-3/+3
|\ \ | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/pmladek/printk Pull printk updates from Petr Mladek: - Allow state reset of printk_once() calls. - Prevent crashes when dereferencing invalid pointers in vsprintf(). Only the first byte is checked for simplicity. - Make vsprintf warnings consistent and inlined. - Treewide conversion of obsolete %pf, %pF to %ps, %pF printf modifiers. - Some clean up of vsprintf and test_printf code. * tag 'printk-for-5.2' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/pmladek/printk: lib/vsprintf: Make function pointer_string static vsprintf: Limit the length of inlined error messages vsprintf: Avoid confusion between invalid address and value vsprintf: Prevent crash when dereferencing invalid pointers vsprintf: Consolidate handling of unknown pointer specifiers vsprintf: Factor out %pO handler as kobject_string() vsprintf: Factor out %pV handler as va_format() vsprintf: Factor out %p[iI] handler as ip_addr_string() vsprintf: Do not check address of well-known strings vsprintf: Consistent %pK handling for kptr_restrict == 0 vsprintf: Shuffle restricted_pointer() printk: Tie printk_once / printk_deferred_once into .data.once for reset treewide: Switch printk users from %pf and %pF to %ps and %pS, respectively lib/test_printf: Switch to bitmap_zalloc()
| * | treewide: Switch printk users from %pf and %pF to %ps and %pS, respectivelySakari Ailus2019-04-091-3/+3
| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | %pF and %pf are functionally equivalent to %pS and %ps conversion specifiers. The former are deprecated, therefore switch the current users to use the preferred variant. The changes have been produced by the following command: git grep -l '%p[fF]' | grep -v '^\(tools\|Documentation\)/' | \ while read i; do perl -i -pe 's/%pf/%ps/g; s/%pF/%pS/g;' $i; done And verifying the result. Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20190325193229.23390-1-sakari.ailus@linux.intel.com Cc: Andy Shevchenko <andriy.shevchenko@linux.intel.com> Cc: linux-arm-kernel@lists.infradead.org Cc: sparclinux@vger.kernel.org Cc: linux-um@lists.infradead.org Cc: xen-devel@lists.xenproject.org Cc: linux-acpi@vger.kernel.org Cc: linux-pm@vger.kernel.org Cc: drbd-dev@lists.linbit.com Cc: linux-block@vger.kernel.org Cc: linux-mmc@vger.kernel.org Cc: linux-nvdimm@lists.01.org Cc: linux-pci@vger.kernel.org Cc: linux-scsi@vger.kernel.org Cc: linux-btrfs@vger.kernel.org Cc: linux-f2fs-devel@lists.sourceforge.net Cc: linux-mm@kvack.org Cc: ceph-devel@vger.kernel.org Cc: netdev@vger.kernel.org Signed-off-by: Sakari Ailus <sakari.ailus@linux.intel.com> Acked-by: David Sterba <dsterba@suse.com> (for btrfs) Acked-by: Mike Rapoport <rppt@linux.ibm.com> (for mm/memblock.c) Acked-by: Bjorn Helgaas <bhelgaas@google.com> (for drivers/pci) Acked-by: Rafael J. Wysocki <rafael.j.wysocki@intel.com> Signed-off-by: Petr Mladek <pmladek@suse.com>
* | | x86/mm: Initialize PGD cache during mm initializationNadav Amit2019-05-051-0/+3
| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | Poking-mm initialization might require to duplicate the PGD in early stage. Initialize the PGD cache earlier to prevent boot failures. Reported-by: kernel test robot <lkp@intel.com> Signed-off-by: Nadav Amit <namit@vmware.com> Cc: Andy Lutomirski <luto@kernel.org> Cc: Borislav Petkov <bp@alien8.de> Cc: Dave Hansen <dave.hansen@linux.intel.com> Cc: H. Peter Anvin <hpa@zytor.com> Cc: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org> Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org> Cc: Rick Edgecombe <rick.p.edgecombe@intel.com> Cc: Rik van Riel <riel@surriel.com> Cc: Stephen Rothwell <sfr@canb.auug.org.au> Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de> Fixes: 4fc19708b165 ("x86/alternatives: Initialize temporary mm for patching") Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20190505011124.39692-1-namit@vmware.com Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org>
* | | x86/alternatives: Initialize temporary mm for patchingNadav Amit2019-04-301-0/+3
| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | To prevent improper use of the PTEs that are used for text patching, the next patches will use a temporary mm struct. Initailize it by copying the init mm. The address that will be used for patching is taken from the lower area that is usually used for the task memory. Doing so prevents the need to frequently synchronize the temporary-mm (e.g., when BPF programs are installed), since different PGDs are used for the task memory. Finally, randomize the address of the PTEs to harden against exploits that use these PTEs. Suggested-by: Andy Lutomirski <luto@kernel.org> Tested-by: Masami Hiramatsu <mhiramat@kernel.org> Signed-off-by: Nadav Amit <namit@vmware.com> Signed-off-by: Rick Edgecombe <rick.p.edgecombe@intel.com> Signed-off-by: Peter Zijlstra (Intel) <peterz@infradead.org> Reviewed-by: Masami Hiramatsu <mhiramat@kernel.org> Cc: Borislav Petkov <bp@alien8.de> Cc: Dave Hansen <dave.hansen@intel.com> Cc: H. Peter Anvin <hpa@zytor.com> Cc: Kees Cook <keescook@chromium.org> Cc: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org> Cc: Rik van Riel <riel@surriel.com> Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de> Cc: akpm@linux-foundation.org Cc: ard.biesheuvel@linaro.org Cc: deneen.t.dock@intel.com Cc: kernel-hardening@lists.openwall.com Cc: kristen@linux.intel.com Cc: linux_dti@icloud.com Cc: will.deacon@arm.com Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/20190426232303.28381-8-nadav.amit@gmail.com Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org>
* | | init: initialize jump labels before command line option parsingDan Williams2019-04-191-2/+2
| |/ |/| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | When a module option, or core kernel argument, toggles a static-key it requires jump labels to be initialized early. While x86, PowerPC, and ARM64 arrange for jump_label_init() to be called before parse_args(), ARM does not. Kernel command line: rdinit=/sbin/init page_alloc.shuffle=1 panic=-1 console=ttyAMA0,115200 page_alloc.shuffle=1 ------------[ cut here ]------------ WARNING: CPU: 0 PID: 0 at ./include/linux/jump_label.h:303 page_alloc_shuffle+0x12c/0x1ac static_key_enable(): static key 'page_alloc_shuffle_key+0x0/0x4' used before call to jump_label_init() Modules linked in: CPU: 0 PID: 0 Comm: swapper Not tainted 5.1.0-rc4-next-20190410-00003-g3367c36ce744 #1 Hardware name: ARM Integrator/CP (Device Tree) [<c0011c68>] (unwind_backtrace) from [<c000ec48>] (show_stack+0x10/0x18) [<c000ec48>] (show_stack) from [<c07e9710>] (dump_stack+0x18/0x24) [<c07e9710>] (dump_stack) from [<c001bb1c>] (__warn+0xe0/0x108) [<c001bb1c>] (__warn) from [<c001bb88>] (warn_slowpath_fmt+0x44/0x6c) [<c001bb88>] (warn_slowpath_fmt) from [<c0b0c4a8>] (page_alloc_shuffle+0x12c/0x1ac) [<c0b0c4a8>] (page_alloc_shuffle) from [<c0b0c550>] (shuffle_store+0x28/0x48) [<c0b0c550>] (shuffle_store) from [<c003e6a0>] (parse_args+0x1f4/0x350) [<c003e6a0>] (parse_args) from [<c0ac3c00>] (start_kernel+0x1c0/0x488) Move the fallback call to jump_label_init() to occur before parse_args(). The redundant calls to jump_label_init() in other archs are left intact in case they have static key toggling use cases that are even earlier than option parsing. Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/155544804466.1032396.13418949511615676665.stgit@dwillia2-desk3.amr.corp.intel.com Signed-off-by: Dan Williams <dan.j.williams@intel.com> Reported-by: Guenter Roeck <groeck@google.com> Reviewed-by: Kees Cook <keescook@chromium.org> Cc: Mathieu Desnoyers <mathieu.desnoyers@efficios.com> Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de> Cc: Mike Rapoport <rppt@linux.ibm.com> Cc: Russell King <rmk@armlinux.org.uk> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
* | init/main: add checks for the return value of memblock_alloc*()Mike Rapoport2019-03-121-6/+20
| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | Add panic() calls if memblock_alloc() returns NULL. The panic() format duplicates the one used by memblock itself and in order to avoid explosion with long parameters list replace open coded allocation size calculations with a local variable. Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/1548057848-15136-18-git-send-email-rppt@linux.ibm.com Signed-off-by: Mike Rapoport <rppt@linux.ibm.com> Cc: Catalin Marinas <catalin.marinas@arm.com> Cc: Christophe Leroy <christophe.leroy@c-s.fr> Cc: Christoph Hellwig <hch@lst.de> Cc: "David S. Miller" <davem@davemloft.net> Cc: Dennis Zhou <dennis@kernel.org> Cc: Geert Uytterhoeven <geert@linux-m68k.org> Cc: Greentime Hu <green.hu@gmail.com> Cc: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org> Cc: Guan Xuetao <gxt@pku.edu.cn> Cc: Guo Ren <guoren@kernel.org> Cc: Guo Ren <ren_guo@c-sky.com> [c-sky] Cc: Heiko Carstens <heiko.carstens@de.ibm.com> Cc: Juergen Gross <jgross@suse.com> [Xen] Cc: Mark Salter <msalter@redhat.com> Cc: Matt Turner <mattst88@gmail.com> Cc: Max Filippov <jcmvbkbc@gmail.com> Cc: Michael Ellerman <mpe@ellerman.id.au> Cc: Michal Simek <monstr@monstr.eu> Cc: Paul Burton <paul.burton@mips.com> Cc: Petr Mladek <pmladek@suse.com> Cc: Richard Weinberger <richard@nod.at> Cc: Rich Felker <dalias@libc.org> Cc: Rob Herring <robh+dt@kernel.org> Cc: Rob Herring <robh@kernel.org> Cc: Russell King <linux@armlinux.org.uk> Cc: Stafford Horne <shorne@gmail.com> Cc: Tony Luck <tony.luck@intel.com> Cc: Vineet Gupta <vgupta@synopsys.com> Cc: Yoshinori Sato <ysato@users.sourceforge.jp> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
* | Merge tag 'kbuild-v5.1' of ↵Linus Torvalds2019-03-101-1/+18
|\ \ | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/masahiroy/linux-kbuild Pull Kbuild updates from Masahiro Yamada: - do not generate unneeded top-level built-in.a - let git ignore O= directory entirely - optimize scripts/kallsyms slightly - exclude DWARF info from *.s regardless of config options - fix GCC toolchain search path for Clang to prepare ld.lld support - do not generate modules.order when CONFIG_MODULES is disabled - simplify single target rules and remove VPATH for external module build - allow to add optional flags to dpkg-buildpackage when building deb-pkg - move some compiler option tests from Makefile to Kconfig - various Makefile cleanups * tag 'kbuild-v5.1' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/masahiroy/linux-kbuild: (40 commits) kbuild: remove scripts/basic/% build target kbuild: use -Werror=implicit-... instead of -Werror-implicit-... kbuild: clean up scripts/gcc-version.sh kbuild: remove cc-version macro kbuild: update comment block of scripts/clang-version.sh kbuild: remove commented-out INITRD_COMPRESS kbuild: move -gsplit-dwarf, -gdwarf-4 option tests to Kconfig kbuild: [bin]deb-pkg: add DPKG_FLAGS variable kbuild: move ".config not found!" message from Kconfig to Makefile kbuild: invoke syncconfig if include/config/auto.conf.cmd is missing kbuild: simplify single target rules kbuild: remove empty rules for makefiles kbuild: make -r/-R effective in top Makefile for old Make versions kbuild: move tools_silent to a more relevant place kbuild: compute false-positive -Wmaybe-uninitialized cases in Kconfig kbuild: refactor cc-cross-prefix implementation kbuild: hardcode genksyms path and remove GENKSYMS variable scripts/gdb: refactor rules for symlink creation kbuild: create symlink to vmlinux-gdb.py in scripts_gdb target scripts/gdb: do not descend into scripts/gdb from scripts ...
| * | kbuild: clean up scripts/gcc-version.shMasahiro Yamada2019-03-041-1/+1
| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | Now that the Kconfig is the only user of this script, we can drop unneeded code. Remove the -p option, and stop prepending the output with zero, so that Kconfig can directly use the output from this script. Signed-off-by: Masahiro Yamada <yamada.masahiro@socionext.com>
| * | kbuild: compute false-positive -Wmaybe-uninitialized cases in KconfigMasahiro Yamada2019-02-271-0/+17
| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | Since -Wmaybe-uninitialized was introduced by GCC 4.7, we have patched various false positives: - commit e74fc973b6e5 ("Turn off -Wmaybe-uninitialized when building with -Os") turned off this option for -Os. - commit 815eb71e7149 ("Kbuild: disable 'maybe-uninitialized' warning for CONFIG_PROFILE_ALL_BRANCHES") turned off this option for CONFIG_PROFILE_ALL_BRANCHES - commit a76bcf557ef4 ("Kbuild: enable -Wmaybe-uninitialized warning for "make W=1"") turned off this option for GCC < 4.9 Arnd provided more explanation in https://lkml.org/lkml/2017/3/14/903 I think this looks better by shifting the logic from Makefile to Kconfig. Link: https://github.com/ClangBuiltLinux/linux/issues/350 Signed-off-by: Masahiro Yamada <yamada.masahiro@socionext.com> Reviewed-by: Nathan Chancellor <natechancellor@gmail.com> Tested-by: Nick Desaulniers <ndesaulniers@google.com>
* | | Merge branch 'timers-urgent-for-linus' of ↵Linus Torvalds2019-03-101-0/+1
|\ \ \ | |_|/ |/| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/tip/tip Pull timer fix from Thomas Gleixner: "A single fix to prevent a unmet dependencies warning in Kconfig" * 'timers-urgent-for-linus' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/tip/tip: time: Make VIRT_CPU_ACCOUNTING_GEN depend on GENERIC_CLOCKEVENTS
| * | time: Make VIRT_CPU_ACCOUNTING_GEN depend on GENERIC_CLOCKEVENTSArnd Bergmann2019-03-061-0/+1
| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | Moving the CONTEXT_TRACKING Kconfig option into kernel/time/Kconfig added an implicit dependency on the surrounding GENERIC_CLOCKEVENTS option, but this is not always enabled when it is possible to select VIRT_CPU_ACCOUNTING_GEN: WARNING: unmet direct dependencies detected for CONTEXT_TRACKING Depends on [n]: GENERIC_CLOCKEVENTS [=n] Selected by [y]: - VIRT_CPU_ACCOUNTING_GEN [=y] && <choice> && HAVE_CONTEXT_TRACKING [=y] && HAVE_VIRT_CPU_ACCOUNTING_GEN [=y] Platforms without GENERIC_CLOCKEVENTS are rare enough so that corner case can be just ignored. Make it a dependency for VIRT_CPU_ACCOUNTING_GEN to simplify the configuration. Fixes: a4cffdad7314 ("time: Move CONTEXT_TRACKING to kernel/time/Kconfig") Signed-off-by: Arnd Bergmann <arnd@arndb.de> Signed-off-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de> Cc: "Paul E . McKenney" <paulmck@linux.ibm.com> Cc: Frederic Weisbecker <fweisbec@gmail.com> Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/20190304200202.1163250-1-arnd@arndb.de
* | | Merge tag 'io_uring-2019-03-06' of git://git.kernel.dk/linux-blockLinus Torvalds2019-03-081-0/+9
|\ \ \ | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | Pull io_uring IO interface from Jens Axboe: "Second attempt at adding the io_uring interface. Since the first one, we've added basic unit testing of the three system calls, that resides in liburing like the other unit tests that we have so far. It'll take a while to get full coverage of it, but we're working towards it. I've also added two basic test programs to tools/io_uring. One uses the raw interface and has support for all the various features that io_uring supports outside of standard IO, like fixed files, fixed IO buffers, and polled IO. The other uses the liburing API, and is a simplified version of cp(1). This adds support for a new IO interface, io_uring. io_uring allows an application to communicate with the kernel through two rings, the submission queue (SQ) and completion queue (CQ) ring. This allows for very efficient handling of IOs, see the v5 posting for some basic numbers: https://lore.kernel.org/linux-block/20190116175003.17880-1-axboe@kernel.dk/ Outside of just efficiency, the interface is also flexible and extendable, and allows for future use cases like the upcoming NVMe key-value store API, networked IO, and so on. It also supports async buffered IO, something that we've always failed to support in the kernel. Outside of basic IO features, it supports async polled IO as well. This particular feature has already been tested at Facebook months ago for flash storage boxes, with 25-33% improvements. It makes polled IO actually useful for real world use cases, where even basic flash sees a nice win in terms of efficiency, latency, and performance. These boxes were IOPS bound before, now they are not. This series adds three new system calls. One for setting up an io_uring instance (io_uring_setup(2)), one for submitting/completing IO (io_uring_enter(2)), and one for aux functions like registrating file sets, buffers, etc (io_uring_register(2)). Through the help of Arnd, I've coordinated the syscall numbers so merge on that front should be painless. Jon did a writeup of the interface a while back, which (except for minor details that have been tweaked) is still accurate. Find that here: https://lwn.net/Articles/776703/ Huge thanks to Al Viro for helping getting the reference cycle code correct, and to Jann Horn for his extensive reviews focused on both security and bugs in general. There's a userspace library that provides basic functionality for applications that don't need or want to care about how to fiddle with the rings directly. It has helpers to allow applications to easily set up an io_uring instance, and submit/complete IO through it without knowing about the intricacies of the rings. It also includes man pages (thanks to Jeff Moyer), and will continue to grow support helper functions and features as time progresses. Find it here: git://git.kernel.dk/liburing Fio has full support for the raw interface, both in the form of an IO engine (io_uring), but also with a small test application (t/io_uring) that can exercise and benchmark the interface" * tag 'io_uring-2019-03-06' of git://git.kernel.dk/linux-block: io_uring: add a few test tools io_uring: allow workqueue item to handle multiple buffered requests io_uring: add support for IORING_OP_POLL io_uring: add io_kiocb ref count io_uring: add submission polling io_uring: add file set registration net: split out functions related to registering inflight socket files io_uring: add support for pre-mapped user IO buffers block: implement bio helper to add iter bvec pages to bio io_uring: batch io_kiocb allocation io_uring: use fget/fput_many() for file references fs: add fget_many() and fput_many() io_uring: support for IO polling io_uring: add fsync support Add io_uring IO interface
| * | | Add io_uring IO interfaceJens Axboe2019-02-281-0/+9
| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | The submission queue (SQ) and completion queue (CQ) rings are shared between the application and the kernel. This eliminates the need to copy data back and forth to submit and complete IO. IO submissions use the io_uring_sqe data structure, and completions are generated in the form of io_uring_cqe data structures. The SQ ring is an index into the io_uring_sqe array, which makes it possible to submit a batch of IOs without them being contiguous in the ring. The CQ ring is always contiguous, as completion events are inherently unordered, and hence any io_uring_cqe entry can point back to an arbitrary submission. Two new system calls are added for this: io_uring_setup(entries, params) Sets up an io_uring instance for doing async IO. On success, returns a file descriptor that the application can mmap to gain access to the SQ ring, CQ ring, and io_uring_sqes. io_uring_enter(fd, to_submit, min_complete, flags, sigset, sigsetsize) Initiates IO against the rings mapped to this fd, or waits for them to complete, or both. The behavior is controlled by the parameters passed in. If 'to_submit' is non-zero, then we'll try and submit new IO. If IORING_ENTER_GETEVENTS is set, the kernel will wait for 'min_complete' events, if they aren't already available. It's valid to set IORING_ENTER_GETEVENTS and 'min_complete' == 0 at the same time, this allows the kernel to return already completed events without waiting for them. This is useful only for polling, as for IRQ driven IO, the application can just check the CQ ring without entering the kernel. With this setup, it's possible to do async IO with a single system call. Future developments will enable polled IO with this interface, and polled submission as well. The latter will enable an application to do IO without doing ANY system calls at all. For IRQ driven IO, an application only needs to enter the kernel for completions if it wants to wait for them to occur. Each io_uring is backed by a workqueue, to support buffered async IO as well. We will only punt to an async context if the command would need to wait for IO on the device side. Any data that can be accessed directly in the page cache is done inline. This avoids the slowness issue of usual threadpools, since cached data is accessed as quickly as a sync interface. Sample application: http://git.kernel.dk/cgit/fio/plain/t/io_uring.c Reviewed-by: Hannes Reinecke <hare@suse.com> Signed-off-by: Jens Axboe <axboe@kernel.dk>
* | | | Merge branch 'akpm' (patches from Andrew)Linus Torvalds2019-03-071-3/+3
|\ \ \ \ | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | Merge more updates from Andrew Morton: - some of the rest of MM - various misc things - dynamic-debug updates - checkpatch - some epoll speedups - autofs - rapidio - lib/, lib/lzo/ updates * emailed patches from Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>: (83 commits) samples/mic/mpssd/mpssd.h: remove duplicate header kernel/fork.c: remove duplicated include include/linux/relay.h: fix percpu annotation in struct rchan arch/nios2/mm/fault.c: remove duplicate include unicore32: stop printing the virtual memory layout MAINTAINERS: fix GTA02 entry and mark as orphan mm: create the new vm_fault_t type arm, s390, unicore32: remove oneliner wrappers for memblock_alloc() arch: simplify several early memory allocations openrisc: simplify pte_alloc_one_kernel() sh: prefer memblock APIs returning virtual address microblaze: prefer memblock API returning virtual address powerpc: prefer memblock APIs returning virtual address lib/lzo: separate lzo-rle from lzo lib/lzo: implement run-length encoding lib/lzo: fast 8-byte copy on arm64 lib/lzo: 64-bit CTZ on arm64 lib/lzo: tidy-up ifdefs ipc/sem.c: replace kvmalloc/memset with kvzalloc and use struct_size ipc: annotate implicit fall through ...
| * | | | init/initramfs.c: provide more details in error messagesDavid Engraf2019-03-071-3/+3
| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | Use distinct error messages when archive decompression failed. Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20190212075635.7373-1-david.engraf@sysgo.com Signed-off-by: David Engraf <david.engraf@sysgo.com> Reviewed-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Tested-by: Andy Shevchenko <andy.shevchenko@gmail.com> Cc: Dominik Brodowski <linux@dominikbrodowski.net> Cc: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org> Cc: Philippe Ombredanne <pombredanne@nexb.com> Cc: Arnd Bergmann <arnd@arndb.de> Cc: Luc Van Oostenryck <luc.vanoostenryck@gmail.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
* | | | | Merge tag 'audit-pr-20190305' of ↵Linus Torvalds2019-03-071-1/+1
|\ \ \ \ \ | |/ / / / |/| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/pcmoore/audit Pull audit updates from Paul Moore: "A lucky 13 audit patches for v5.1. Despite the rather large diffstat, most of the changes are from two bug fix patches that move code from one Kconfig option to another. Beyond that bit of churn, the remaining changes are largely cleanups and bug-fixes as we slowly march towards container auditing. It isn't all boring though, we do have a couple of new things: file capabilities v3 support, and expanded support for filtering on filesystems to solve problems with remote filesystems. All changes pass the audit-testsuite. Please merge for v5.1" * tag 'audit-pr-20190305' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/pcmoore/audit: audit: mark expected switch fall-through audit: hide auditsc_get_stamp and audit_serial prototypes audit: join tty records to their syscall audit: remove audit_context when CONFIG_ AUDIT and not AUDITSYSCALL audit: remove unused actx param from audit_rule_match audit: ignore fcaps on umount audit: clean up AUDITSYSCALL prototypes and stubs audit: more filter PATH records keyed on filesystem magic audit: add support for fcaps v3 audit: move loginuid and sessionid from CONFIG_AUDITSYSCALL to CONFIG_AUDIT audit: add syscall information to CONFIG_CHANGE records audit: hand taken context to audit_kill_trees for syscall logging audit: give a clue what CONFIG_CHANGE op was involved
| * | | | audit: move loginuid and sessionid from CONFIG_AUDITSYSCALL to CONFIG_AUDITRichard Guy Briggs2019-01-251-1/+1
| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | loginuid and sessionid (and audit_log_session_info) should be part of CONFIG_AUDIT scope and not CONFIG_AUDITSYSCALL since it is used in CONFIG_CHANGE, ANOM_LINK, FEATURE_CHANGE (and INTEGRITY_RULE), none of which are otherwise dependent on AUDITSYSCALL. Please see github issue https://github.com/linux-audit/audit-kernel/issues/104 Signed-off-by: Richard Guy Briggs <rgb@redhat.com> [PM: tweaked subject line for better grep'ing] Signed-off-by: Paul Moore <paul@paul-moore.com>
* | | | | Merge branch 'akpm' (patches from Andrew)Linus Torvalds2019-03-061-1/+2
|\ \ \ \ \ | |_|_|/ / |/| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | Merge misc updates from Andrew Morton: - a few misc things - ocfs2 updates - most of MM * emailed patches from Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>: (159 commits) tools/testing/selftests/proc/proc-self-syscall.c: remove duplicate include proc: more robust bulk read test proc: test /proc/*/maps, smaps, smaps_rollup, statm proc: use seq_puts() everywhere proc: read kernel cpu stat pointer once proc: remove unused argument in proc_pid_lookup() fs/proc/thread_self.c: code cleanup for proc_setup_thread_self() fs/proc/self.c: code cleanup for proc_setup_self() proc: return exit code 4 for skipped tests mm,mremap: bail out earlier in mremap_to under map pressure mm/sparse: fix a bad comparison mm/memory.c: do_fault: avoid usage of stale vm_area_struct writeback: fix inode cgroup switching comment mm/huge_memory.c: fix "orig_pud" set but not used mm/hotplug: fix an imbalance with DEBUG_PAGEALLOC mm/memcontrol.c: fix bad line in comment mm/cma.c: cma_declare_contiguous: correct err handling mm/page_ext.c: fix an imbalance with kmemleak mm/compaction: pass pgdat to too_many_isolated() instead of zone mm: remove zone_lru_lock() function, access ->lru_lock directly ...
| * | | | mm: replace all open encodings for NUMA_NO_NODEAnshuman Khandual2019-03-051-1/+2
| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | Patch series "Replace all open encodings for NUMA_NO_NODE", v3. All these places for replacement were found by running the following grep patterns on the entire kernel code. Please let me know if this might have missed some instances. This might also have replaced some false positives. I will appreciate suggestions, inputs and review. 1. git grep "nid == -1" 2. git grep "node == -1" 3. git grep "nid = -1" 4. git grep "node = -1" This patch (of 2): At present there are multiple places where invalid node number is encoded as -1. Even though implicitly understood it is always better to have macros in there. Replace these open encodings for an invalid node number with the global macro NUMA_NO_NODE. This helps remove NUMA related assumptions like 'invalid node' from various places redirecting them to a common definition. Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/1545127933-10711-2-git-send-email-anshuman.khandual@arm.com Signed-off-by: Anshuman Khandual <anshuman.khandual@arm.com> Reviewed-by: David Hildenbrand <david@redhat.com> Acked-by: Jeff Kirsher <jeffrey.t.kirsher@intel.com> [ixgbe] Acked-by: Jens Axboe <axboe@kernel.dk> [mtip32xx] Acked-by: Vinod Koul <vkoul@kernel.org> [dmaengine.c] Acked-by: Michael Ellerman <mpe@ellerman.id.au> [powerpc] Acked-by: Doug Ledford <dledford@redhat.com> [drivers/infiniband] Cc: Joseph Qi <jiangqi903@gmail.com> Cc: Hans Verkuil <hverkuil@xs4all.nl> Cc: Stephen Rothwell <sfr@canb.auug.org.au> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
* | | | | Merge branch 'sched-core-for-linus' of ↵Linus Torvalds2019-03-061-3/+3
|\ \ \ \ \ | |/ / / / |/| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/tip/tip Pull scheduler updates from Ingo Molnar: "The main changes in this cycle were: - refcount conversions - Solve the rq->leaf_cfs_rq_list can of worms for real. - improve power-aware scheduling - add sysctl knob for Energy Aware Scheduling - documentation updates - misc other changes" * 'sched-core-for-linus' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/tip/tip: (34 commits) kthread: Do not use TIMER_IRQSAFE kthread: Convert worker lock to raw spinlock sched/fair: Use non-atomic cpumask_{set,clear}_cpu() sched/fair: Remove unused 'sd' parameter from select_idle_smt() sched/wait: Use freezable_schedule() when possible sched/fair: Prune, fix and simplify the nohz_balancer_kick() comment block sched/fair: Explain LLC nohz kick condition sched/fair: Simplify nohz_balancer_kick() sched/topology: Fix percpu data types in struct sd_data & struct s_data sched/fair: Simplify post_init_entity_util_avg() by calling it with a task_struct pointer argument sched/fair: Fix O(nr_cgroups) in the load balancing path sched/fair: Optimize update_blocked_averages() sched/fair: Fix insertion in rq->leaf_cfs_rq_list sched/fair: Add tmp_alone_branch assertion sched/core: Use READ_ONCE()/WRITE_ONCE() in move_queued_task()/task_rq_lock() sched/debug: Initialize sd_sysctl_cpus if !CONFIG_CPUMASK_OFFSTACK sched/pelt: Skip updating util_est when utilization is higher than CPU's capacity sched/fair: Update scale invariance of PELT sched/fair: Move the rq_of() helper function sched/core: Convert task_struct.stack_refcount to refcount_t ...
| * | | | Merge tag 'v5.0-rc6' into sched/core, to pick up fixesIngo Molnar2019-02-111-1/+12
| |\ \ \ \ | | | |/ / | | |/| | | | | | | Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org>
| * | | | sched/core: Convert task_struct.stack_refcount to refcount_tElena Reshetova2019-02-041-1/+1
| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | atomic_t variables are currently used to implement reference counters with the following properties: - counter is initialized to 1 using atomic_set() - a resource is freed upon counter reaching zero - once counter reaches zero, its further increments aren't allowed - counter schema uses basic atomic operations (set, inc, inc_not_zero, dec_and_test, etc.) Such atomic variables should be converted to a newly provided refcount_t type and API that prevents accidental counter overflows and underflows. This is important since overflows and underflows can lead to use-after-free situation and be exploitable. The variable task_struct.stack_refcount is used as pure reference counter. Convert it to refcount_t and fix up the operations. ** Important note for maintainers: Some functions from refcount_t API defined in lib/refcount.c have different memory ordering guarantees than their atomic counterparts. The full comparison can be seen in https://lkml.org/lkml/2017/11/15/57 and it is hopefully soon in state to be merged to the documentation tree. Normally the differences should not matter since refcount_t provides enough guarantees to satisfy the refcounting use cases, but in some rare cases it might matter. Please double check that you don't have some undocumented memory guarantees for this variable usage. For the task_struct.stack_refcount it might make a difference in following places: - try_get_task_stack(): increment in refcount_inc_not_zero() only guarantees control dependency on success vs. fully ordered atomic counterpart - put_task_stack(): decrement in refcount_dec_and_test() only provides RELEASE ordering and control dependency on success vs. fully ordered atomic counterpart Suggested-by: Kees Cook <keescook@chromium.org> Signed-off-by: Elena Reshetova <elena.reshetova@intel.com> Signed-off-by: Peter Zijlstra (Intel) <peterz@infradead.org> Reviewed-by: David Windsor <dwindsor@gmail.com> Reviewed-by: Hans Liljestrand <ishkamiel@gmail.com> Reviewed-by: Andrea Parri <andrea.parri@amarulasolutions.com> Cc: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org> Cc: Mike Galbraith <efault@gmx.de> Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org> Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de> Cc: akpm@linux-foundation.org Cc: viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/1547814450-18902-6-git-send-email-elena.reshetova@intel.com Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org>
| * | | | sched/core: Convert task_struct.usage to refcount_tElena Reshetova2019-02-041-1/+1
| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | atomic_t variables are currently used to implement reference counters with the following properties: - counter is initialized to 1 using atomic_set() - a resource is freed upon counter reaching zero - once counter reaches zero, its further increments aren't allowed - counter schema uses basic atomic operations (set, inc, inc_not_zero, dec_and_test, etc.) Such atomic variables should be converted to a newly provided refcount_t type and API that prevents accidental counter overflows and underflows. This is important since overflows and underflows can lead to use-after-free situation and be exploitable. The variable task_struct.usage is used as pure reference counter. Convert it to refcount_t and fix up the operations. ** Important note for maintainers: Some functions from refcount_t API defined in lib/refcount.c have different memory ordering guarantees than their atomic counterparts. The full comparison can be seen in https://lkml.org/lkml/2017/11/15/57 and it is hopefully soon in state to be merged to the documentation tree. Normally the differences should not matter since refcount_t provides enough guarantees to satisfy the refcounting use cases, but in some rare cases it might matter. Please double check that you don't have some undocumented memory guarantees for this variable usage. For the task_struct.usage it might make a difference in following places: - put_task_struct(): decrement in refcount_dec_and_test() only provides RELEASE ordering and control dependency on success vs. fully ordered atomic counterpart Suggested-by: Kees Cook <keescook@chromium.org> Signed-off-by: Elena Reshetova <elena.reshetova@intel.com> Signed-off-by: Peter Zijlstra (Intel) <peterz@infradead.org> Reviewed-by: David Windsor <dwindsor@gmail.com> Reviewed-by: Hans Liljestrand <ishkamiel@gmail.com> Reviewed-by: Andrea Parri <andrea.parri@amarulasolutions.com> Cc: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org> Cc: Mike Galbraith <efault@gmx.de> Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org> Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de> Cc: akpm@linux-foundation.org Cc: viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/1547814450-18902-5-git-send-email-elena.reshetova@intel.com Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org>
| * | | | sched/core: Convert signal_struct.sigcnt to refcount_tElena Reshetova2019-02-041-1/+1
| | |_|/ | |/| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | atomic_t variables are currently used to implement reference counters with the following properties: - counter is initialized to 1 using atomic_set() - a resource is freed upon counter reaching zero - once counter reaches zero, its further increments aren't allowed - counter schema uses basic atomic operations (set, inc, inc_not_zero, dec_and_test, etc.) Such atomic variables should be converted to a newly provided refcount_t type and API that prevents accidental counter overflows and underflows. This is important since overflows and underflows can lead to use-after-free situation and be exploitable. The variable signal_struct.sigcnt is used as pure reference counter. Convert it to refcount_t and fix up the operations. ** Important note for maintainers: Some functions from refcount_t API defined in lib/refcount.c have different memory ordering guarantees than their atomic counterparts. The full comparison can be seen in https://lkml.org/lkml/2017/11/15/57 and it is hopefully soon in state to be merged to the documentation tree. Normally the differences should not matter since refcount_t provides enough guarantees to satisfy the refcounting use cases, but in some rare cases it might matter. Please double check that you don't have some undocumented memory guarantees for this variable usage. For the signal_struct.sigcnt it might make a difference in following places: - put_signal_struct(): decrement in refcount_dec_and_test() only provides RELEASE ordering and control dependency on success vs. fully ordered atomic counterpart Suggested-by: Kees Cook <keescook@chromium.org> Signed-off-by: Elena Reshetova <elena.reshetova@intel.com> Signed-off-by: Peter Zijlstra (Intel) <peterz@infradead.org> Reviewed-by: David Windsor <dwindsor@gmail.com> Reviewed-by: Hans Liljestrand <ishkamiel@gmail.com> Reviewed-by: Andrea Parri <andrea.parri@amarulasolutions.com> Reviewed-by: Oleg Nesterov <oleg@redhat.com> Cc: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org> Cc: Mike Galbraith <efault@gmx.de> Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org> Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de> Cc: akpm@linux-foundation.org Cc: viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/1547814450-18902-3-git-send-email-elena.reshetova@intel.com Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org>
* | | | revert "initramfs: cleanup incomplete rootfs"Andrew Morton2019-02-211-3/+3
| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | Revert ff1522bb7d9845 ("initramfs: cleanup incomplete rootfs"). Andy reports : This breaks my setup where I have U-boot provided more size of initramfs : than needed. This allows a bit of flexibility to increase or decrease : initramfs compressed image without taking care of bootloader. The proper : solution is to do this if we sure that we didn't get enough memory, : otherwise I can't consider the error fatal to clean up rootfs. Fixes: ff1522bb7d9845 ("initramfs: cleanup incomplete rootfs") Reported-by: Andy Shevchenko <andy.shevchenko@gmail.com> Tested-by: Andy Shevchenko <andy.shevchenko@gmail.com> Cc: David Engraf <david.engraf@sysgo.com> Cc: Dominik Brodowski <linux@dominikbrodowski.net> Cc: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org> Cc: Philippe Ombredanne <pombredanne@nexb.com> Cc: Arnd Bergmann <arnd@arndb.de> Cc: Luc Van Oostenryck <luc.vanoostenryck@gmail.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
* | | | Revert "mm: use early_pfn_to_nid in page_ext_init"Qian Cai2019-02-121-1/+2
| |/ / |/| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | This reverts commit fe53ca54270a ("mm: use early_pfn_to_nid in page_ext_init"). When booting a system with "page_owner=on", start_kernel page_ext_init invoke_init_callbacks init_section_page_ext init_page_owner init_early_allocated_pages init_zones_in_node init_pages_in_zone lookup_page_ext page_to_nid The issue here is that page_to_nid() will not work since some page flags have no node information until later in page_alloc_init_late() due to DEFERRED_STRUCT_PAGE_INIT. Hence, it could trigger an out-of-bounds access with an invalid nid. UBSAN: Undefined behaviour in ./include/linux/mm.h:1104:50 index 7 is out of range for type 'zone [5]' Also, kernel will panic since flags were poisoned earlier with, CONFIG_DEBUG_VM_PGFLAGS=y CONFIG_NODE_NOT_IN_PAGE_FLAGS=n start_kernel setup_arch pagetable_init paging_init sparse_init sparse_init_nid memblock_alloc_try_nid_raw It did not handle it well in init_pages_in_zone() which ends up calling page_to_nid(). page:ffffea0004200000 is uninitialized and poisoned raw: ffffffffffffffff ffffffffffffffff ffffffffffffffff ffffffffffffffff raw: ffffffffffffffff ffffffffffffffff ffffffffffffffff ffffffffffffffff page dumped because: VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(PagePoisoned(p)) page_owner info is not active (free page?) kernel BUG at include/linux/mm.h:990! RIP: 0010:init_page_owner+0x486/0x520 This means that assumptions behind commit fe53ca54270a ("mm: use early_pfn_to_nid in page_ext_init") are incomplete. Therefore, revert the commit for now. A proper way to move the page_owner initialization to sooner is to hook into memmap initialization. Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20190115202812.75820-1-cai@lca.pw Signed-off-by: Qian Cai <cai@lca.pw> Acked-by: Michal Hocko <mhocko@kernel.org> Cc: Pasha Tatashin <Pavel.Tatashin@microsoft.com> Cc: Mel Gorman <mgorman@techsingularity.net> Cc: Yang Shi <yang.shi@linaro.org> Cc: Joonsoo Kim <iamjoonsoo.kim@lge.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>